Low Family Incomes
Found Big Obstacle
To College for Many
By Coit Hendley, Jr.
Aside from segregation, the in
adequacy of family incomes is
responsible for the most “sober
ing Inequalities” in the oppor
tunities for education offered
America's youth, according tc
the President's Commission or
The commission issued a new re
port expanding earlier recom
mendations. Including one that
*116,000.000 be appropriated by the
.Pedaral Government during the nexi
school year to help need student;
go to college. The scholarship grants
would go as high as $800 to some
The new volume of the com
mission's report on the inade
quacies of American education, with
recommendations for their correc
tion, was released last night. As ir
the ’ first volume the District was
pointed to specifically as a sore
spot in the Nation because of seg
Southerners Give Views.
Disagreement with the commis
sion's recommendations for the end
ing of segregation was expressed bj
four Southern members of the 28
person group, who charged that such
pronouncements "impede progress
and threaten tragedy to the people
of the South, both white and Negro.'
Their dissent was noted in the
^ vet vfilnme last WPPk blit thf
grounds for their stand was not ex
plained until this second volumt
The dissenters were Douglas S
Freeman, editor of the Richmonc
(Va.i News Leader; Goodrich White
president of Emory University
Lewis A. Jones, president of th<
University of Arkansas, and Arthui
H. Compton, chancellor of Wash
ington University. St. Louis.
Their statement said:
"We recognize that many condi
tions affect adversely the lives oi
our Negro citizens and that grosi
inequality of opportunity, economic
land educational, is a fact.. We are
concerned that as rapidly as possi
ble conditions should be improved
inequalities removed and greater
opportunity provided for all people.
“But we believe that efforts,toward
these ends must, in the South, be
made within the established pat
terns of social relationships, which
require separate educational insti
tutions for whites and Negroes. We
believe that pronouncements such
as those of the commission on the
question of segregation jeopardize
these efforts, impede progress and
threaten tragedy to the people of
the South, both white and Negro.
“Cannot Ignore History."
"We recognize the high purpose
and the theoretical idealism of the
commission's recommendations. But
a doctrinaire position which ignores
the facts of history and the, realities
of the present Is not one that will
contribute constructively to the solu
tion of difficult problems of human
1 In commenting on discriminatory
practices the commission said that
the shortage of doctors, serious for
the white population, is a near
catastrophe" for the health of the
> Negro population and discrimina
tion by ‘ pjlicational institutions is
a contributing factor.
Rejected Many Applicants.
It cited the fact that Howard
University here and Meparry Med
ical College train the bulk of the
colored doctors. Howard University
had 1.350 applicants, but could ac
cept only 75 last fall, the report
said. Last fall 50 applicants were
admitted to the Howard Dental
School from nearly 1.000 applicants.
Of the 77 medical schools in the
Nation 20 are located in the South
and do not admit Negroes. Actually
one-third of the presumably r.on
segregated schools are admitting
Negro students, the report con
A total of 5,826 physicians were
graduated in 1946 and only 154
were colored. All but 20 of the
colored doctors came from Howard
I'. S. Program Recommended.
The commission, headed by Dr.
George F. Zook, president of the
American Council of Education, rec
A Federal program of scholarships
In the from of grants-ln-aid at the
undergraduate level based primarily
on idividual need, available to ail
types of higher educational institu
tions. This would follow broadly
the precedent set by the GI Bill of
A federally administered plan of
fellowship* for graduate study with
candidates selected on the basis of
a natonal competitive examination
The elimination of tuition and
other student fees in all publicly
controlled colleges and universities
for the first two years and a reduc
tion in fees for the last two years
at least back to the level of 1938-9
Change in Policy Urged.
Immediate abandonment of col
lege admissions policies which result
in discrimination against students
on grounds of race, religion, color
•ex or national origin.
Enactment of legislation in 17
States and the District to eliminate
The establishment of free com
munity colleges which would offer
courses In general, vocational and
Sweeping changes in the curricu
lum for the first two years of college
so that the high degree of student
mortality can be cut down.
Criticizing in detail ‘‘tacit or overt’
methods used by some colleges to
bar the entrance of Jews and Ne
groes, me ujuuniMiuu wmi
Federal appropriations be used only
In those "institutions where discrim
inatory practices do not exist.”
The commission recommended
that the amount federally appro
priated for helping 300.000 need;
but qualified students through the
school vear 1948-9 should be *13*.
000.000. Of that sum. S120.000.00(
Would go to nonveteran students foi
undergraduate work. The maximuir
for each student would be *800 c
The rest of the money would be
divided among 10,000 graduate stu
dents In the amount of *1,500 eacl
for a year. By 1950, graduate stu
dent* totaling 30.000 should be re
ceiving this help, the commissior
Hie sum allotted to the under
graduate students should be in
creased until 20 per cent of the non
veterans are receiving aid.
Each State would set up a scholar
ghip commission to administer th<
Federal funds. These would set u[
machinery for selecting students
statej fund* would be basec
Chennault and Bride Return
To Jobs Day After Ceremony
Friends in Marriage
To Chinese Reporter
By th« Associated Press
SHANGHAI. Dec. 22.—Passing up
a honeymoon. Gen. Claire L. Chen
nault, famed commander of the
wartime Plying Tigers, was at his
Air Transport Service desk as usual
today after surprising friends by
! taking a pretty 24-year-old Chinese
, reporter as his second wife.
In a Lutheran wedding ceremony
j yesterday, performed under a giant
bell of chrysanthemums out of
j which doves flew, the 57-year-old
j retired major general married
I petite. English-speaking Anna Chan.
A small, intimate circle of friends
i witnessed the single-ring rites at
Gen. Chennault's big home in Holly
Heath, toasted the couple's health
with Chinese champagne, then sat
down to a wild duck dinner. His
chief recreation Is duck hunting.
Dog Interrupt* Ceremony.
Gen. Chennault's favorite black
dachshund, Joe, twice interrupted
i the ceremony performed by the Rev.
I Ralph Mortensen of the China Bible
House. Each time the dog had to be
chased from the room.
today tne bride, a modisniy
dressed woman whose romance with
: Gen. Chennauit first blossomed a
i year ago, returned to her city beat
for the Chinese Central News
Agency, but she was somewhat un
decided whether to keep her job.
On several occasions it had called
for interviews with Gen. Chennauit.
The famed airman, whose first
marriage to his American wife ended
in divorce in 1946. after 35 years,
had not ified intimate friends quietly
only two days ago that he planned
; to wed Miss Chan, daughter of a j
Chinese consul. He explained that j
he wished to avoid the fuss of a big:
wedding. Gen. Chennauit wore his
Air Force dress uniform. Miss Chan
a white silk wedding gown and veil.
Bride Attended by Sister.
Gifts included a silver service andj
lace table cloths from the parents
of Miss Chan. Her father, Dr. Y. W.
Chan, is consul-designate at Kuch
ing, Sarawak, and formerly was
consul at San Francisco.
■ The bride was attended by her
j sister. Cynthia, whose work as a
nurse for the Flying Tigers in Kun
ming during the war was instru
mental in bringing about the first
meeting of Gen. Chennauit and
Anna. A former Flying Tiger, Col.
Thomas C. Jeffrey, was best man.
Gen. Chennauit organized the
Flying Tigers among volunteer
American airmen as protectors of
the Burma Road against Japanese
raiders before the United States
entered the war. After the entry,
he was made commander of the new
United States 14th Air Force. Since
Formerly Miss Anna Chan.
MAJ. GEN. CLAIRE L.
the war's end, he organized an air
line which flies UNRRA supplies to
China and hopes to convert it into
a commercial line.
Had Denied Intent to Remarry.
The line’s relief work, carried on
by many former Flying Tigers, is
due to end this month.
When the divorce of Gen. Chen
nault and his first wife, mother of
his eight children, was disclosed at
St. Joseph. La., Gen. Chennault said
“No, no,” to the question whether
he would remarry.
Romance between the American
and Anna began a year ago in
Shanghai when she accompanied
him on the maiden flight of the
Gen. Chennault, a personal friend
of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek,
has told friends that he expects to
spend the remainder of his life in
on its output of high school grad
uates and its population in the 18-21
Economics Deciding Factor.
The commission concluded that
the decision as to who shall go to
college is influenced at present far
too much by ecnomic considerations.!
These include the "inadequacy of
family income. ,;the opportunity to
day afforded young people out of!
high school to earn relatively high
wages and the Increasingly high
living costs for students forced to
live away from home while in
“These factors combine to keep
out of college many who have the
abilities which would enable them1
to profit substantially by a college j
course of study." the commission
College fees showed an increase of |
28 per cent in 1946 over 1938, the
Definite Information Lacking.
The commission said it was almost
impossible to get definite informa
tion on just how many colleges
practice discrimination against mi
norities other than Negroes, such as
“It can almost be said that the
request for certain information bn
application forms constitutes an all
but prima facie case that such in
formation is likely to be usfd for
; discriminatory purposes," the report
The commission concluded that
there will be no fundamental cor
rection of the total condition until
segregation legislation is repealed
and segregation stopped in actuality.;
nrs. xaipn oromann uses;
Lived in D. C. Area 9 Years
Mrs. Ann Parker Gromann, wife
of Ralph S. Gromann, secretary
treasurer of Associated Manufac
turers, Inc., 1625 K street N.W.,
died unexpectedly yesterday at her
home in Wilmette. 111.
Mr. and Mrs. Gromann lived in
the Washington area for nine years
until they moved to Wilmette two
months ago. Mr. Gromann main
tains his business affiliations here.
The Gromanns came to Washing
ton in 1938 and for several years
i lived at the Roosevelt Hotel. They
i later lived at 6402 Valley place.
Chevy Chase, Md. •
Mrs. Gromann was born and
married in Hammond. Ind. She lived
in Evanston, 111., before moving to!
Besides her husband. Mrs. Gro
mann leaves a daughter. Mrs. Caro
■ line Muther. of Wilmette; a sister,
i Mrs. Morrough O'Brien. Phoenix.
Ariz.: three grandsons, and a
nephew, Morrough Parker O'Brien,
scientist, at the University of Cal
Funeral services will be held to-;
morrow in Wilmette.
u. 5. and Britain to Discuss
Reparations Immediately ;
# iy th« Aftocio(«d Pr#»»
LONDON, Dec. 22.—Britain andj
the United States will exchange
views immediately over the Amer
ican State Department's decision to
halt further reparations deliveries
of dismantled German plants to
Russia and Eastern Europe, the
Foreign Office announced today,
j High government sources say
, Britain opposes the move because
; it would, in effect, void the Potsdam (
• agreement and could open the way1
for far-reaching Soviet reprisals.
The Foreign Office spokesman em-,
phasized that Britain has taken no'
decision to discontinue delivery of
reparations equipment to Russia or
Britain’s opposition to the Amer
ican policy — announced Friday by
Senator Vandenberg. Republican, of
Michigan—was expressed first, the
spokesman said, in a conversation
between Foreign Secretary Bevln
and Secretary of State Marshall in
. the recent session here of the Coun
i cil of For^n Ministers.
Salvation Army Plans
To Seek $350,CI J for
Building Needs Here
A *350,000 building campaign to
increase Salvation Army facilities
here has been approved by the Sal-!
ration Army Advisory Boat'd and
scheduled for May, 1948.
The drive, the first in 25 years,
will provide for expansion of these
5ix Salvation Army projects:
1. Additions to existing properties;
tor social welfare, group work and
2. Larger housing facilities for the;
Emergency Home at Fifth and G
streets N.W., where destitute women
and children are given emergency
3. Additional premises to house!
the Salvation Army’s former Sixth
street headquarters, now partially;
moved to 1783 R street N.W.
4. Property expansion to increase
Salvation Army Negro activities. I
5. Improvements for the youth
;amp at Chopawamsic Recreational
Area. Triangle, Va.
6. Additional space for the ex-:
panding young people's program
in Northeast Washington.
For its building program, the
Salvation Army already has *80,000
left from the sale of its Sixth street
property last August. Of the *100,
)00 received from the sale after
mortgage payments, *40,000 had been
spent for the R street offices.
Defeats Women in Knitting
In a recent knitting contest in;
Amside. England, the Rev. W. Haw
;hornthwaite, aged 70, defeated 28
Weather Report * |
District of Columbia—8unny, with
nighest about 42 this afternoon;
>ir with lowest about 28, except 22
n suburbs tonight. Tomorrow in
n-easing cloudiness with high about
Maryland and Virginia—Fair, not
;o cold In west portion tonight. To
morrow increasing cloudiness with
Wind velocity. 3 miles per hour;
(From U. S. Engineers.)
Potomac River clear at Harpers Ferry
and at Great Falls; Shenandoah clear at !
Yesterday— Cent. Today— Cent
tfoon _ 5ft Midnight _ T2 '
4 P.m. _ 53 8 a.1n. . . . . 801
8 p.m. 64 1:34) p.m_37
High. 44, at 12:52 p.m.
Highland Low for Yesterday.
Low. 24. at 6:14 a m.
Record Tern per* to res This Year.
Highest. Mb. on August 14.
Lowest. 7. on February ft.
(Furnished by United States Coast
and Geodetic Survey.) ,
HJfh _ 2:34 a.m. 3:20 a.m.
Low _ 0:37 a.m. 10:27 a.m.
High _ 3:11p.m. 4:66p.m.
Low _ 10:22 p.m. 11:16 p.m.
The Sod and Moon.
Sun. today 7:24 4:4P
Bun. tomorrow 7:2ft 4:50
Moon, today 1:1ft p.m. 1:28 a.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on
one-half hour after sunset.
UnnlM* nri.miUhnn in inob mm In .hi
Capital (current month to date):
Month 1947 Acer Record.
January _3.1 ‘ 3.6.' 7.83 37
February_ 1.57 3.37 6.84 84
March _ 1.02 3.76 8.84 91
ADrll _ 7.40 3.27 9.13 '89
May _ 4.44 3.70 10.69 80
June _ 6.80 4.13 10.94 00
July _ 3.47 4.71 10.63 SO
Aucuat _1.81 4.01 14.41 '28
tiS i.il llU f
November_ 4:20 2.37 8.69 '89
December _ 1.23 3.32 7.66 ’01
Temaeratarea ia Vartaaa Cttloa.
Italian Food Strikers
Agree to Go Back to
Jobs for More Pay
§y Hie Associoted Preu
ROME, Dec. 22.—The Italian
Labor Ministry announced today
that 300,000 food workers who
staged a nation-wide strike 48;
hours ago had agreed to return;
to work at midnight tonight on
a promise of increases In wages
and severance pay.
The announcement removed the
threat of Christmas tide food short
ages confronting the Nation and
temporarily relieved pressure on
Premier Alcide de Gasperi's govern
ment, embarrassed by a multitude
of leftist-inspired strikes and labor
Some observers, however, express
ed the fear that leftist-led labor's
continuing demands for greater
benefits would wreck the anti-in
flation budget of Vice Premier Luigi
Conference Brings Agreement.
The office of Labor Minister Am
intore Fanfani said the agreement
ending the food workers' strike had
been reached at a conference at
tended by Mr. Fanfani, employers
and representative of the Com
munist-dominated General Confed
eration of Labor.
The conference was said to have
lasted almost all day yesterday.
The Communists, having demon
strated their control over industrial
workers, held a series of meetings
yesterday to show their agrarian
The largest was held at Bologna,
ostensibly for the purpose of work
ing out a national program for ag
ricultural reform. Premier De Gas
peri's own Christian Democrats, the
Republicans and Giuseppe Saragat's
anti-Communist Socialist boycotted
Dangers Seen in Aid Program.
Pietro Nenni's pro-Communist So
cialists held a meeting at Avezzano
in Central Italy at which he warned
the government to be aware of
dangers he said lurbed in the Mar
shall aid program.
"The Truman doctrine,” he said,
"tends to make the Mediterranean
countries an outpost of the conflict
between East and West. If Italy
yields to this policy she will become
the battle ground of a third World
He said his party's position on the
Marshall plan was “critical, not
negative,” and added:
"American aid is natural because
the United States came out of the
war with fewer losses and an intact
Miner Kills Wife and Self
As Six Children Watch
iy the Associated Press
PARIS, Ark., Dec. 22.—A 35-year
old coal miner fatally shot his wife
and then killed himself here yes
terday in the presence of their six
children and a teen-age neighbor
boy who sought to stop him, Police
Chief Carl Cox reported.
Chief Cox said no inquest would
be held in the deaths of M. L. Swee
ten; and his wife. Ruby.
Witnesses, who also included Mrs.
Bill Day, mother of Mrs. Sweeten,
and Mr. Day. the dead, wpman’s
foster father, gave this version of
the shooting. Chief Cox said:
Mr*. Sweeten and Mrs. Day were
working in the kitchen of the Swee
ten home. Sweeten, holding a shot
gun. appeared in a doorway. The
neighbor youth, V. J. Horton, 15, |
tried to disarm him but was unable1
to do so and the man fired a charge
into his wife's side. He then re
loaded the gun and shot himself in
Delivering Two Pounds
Of Coffee Costs $200
§y tt># Auo<>at*d Pro,i
pounds of coffee in response to a
telephoned order cost Ernest Deal,
a salesman, $200.
Mr. Deal volunteered to make the1
delivery when he received a call
from a man who ordered the cof
fee sent to a home in nearby Upper
The salesman drove to the ad
dress, rang the doorbell and when
there was no answer returned to
his car. There he encountered a
man who pointed a pistol and or
dered, "O. K. Ill take the money.”
Mr. Deal handed over all he had
Treasury Report Says
Tax Cut Would Lower
Pay Raise Demands
By tfc# Associated Pros*
A Treasury report said today
that lower Income taxes would
“tend to dampen demands for
But if tax rate* were cut or ex
emotions increased, the revenue low
might require “heavier reliance on
excise or sales taxes” and possibly
“additional indirect tax revenues.’’
The report is one of a number the
Treasury has been sending to Con
gress periodically for use In consid
ering tax law change*. It makes no
recomendations and does not com
ment on the $5,600,000,000 income
tax reduction bill introduced last
week by Chairman Knutson of the
House Ways and Means Committee
The Knutson bill would Increase
present $500 personal exemption to
$600 and provide percentage reduc
tions ranging from 30 per cent in
the lower brackets to 10 per cent at
The Treasury report, however,
says that since the Government
must have high revenue to cover
expenses, increasing exemption* Is!
a “competing alternative” to re
And of the two choices “a greater
direct <work> incentive can probably
be obtained from rate reductions
than from exemption Increases,” the
The report says, however, that
$824 is needed now to buy what $500
would buy in 1939. Therefore, the
Treasury suggested that if tax relief
is to be given by changing exemp
tions. it would be more in line with
living costs to give the taxpayer,
ana his wife higher exemptions than
those allowed for children or other
Present Forma Could Be Used.
It said the present simplified tax
forms still could be used by scaling
exemptions to such combinations as
(1) $800 for single persons, $1,600
for married couples and $400 for
dependents, or (2) $800 for single;
persons, $1,200 for married couples
and $400 for dependents.
Observing that the present flat!
$500 exemption for all persons is 50
per cent of that given to single per
sons in 1939, 40 per cent of that al
lowed married couples but 125 per
cent of that for dependents in the
prewar period, tne Treasury com-;
"Thus the net result of changes
since 1939 has been a sharp exemp
tion decrease for single persons and
married couples, but a substantial
Increase In the dependency allow
Could Add to Price Increase*.
Weighing the $500 exemption
against "bare maintenance” budgets
putting minimum living costs at
$950 for a single worker in a big
city, $1,350 for a married couple and
$300 to $400 for a dependent,” the
Treasury said the present allow-j
"(a) Inadequate exempt (real
costs of> single persons or mar-i
ried couples, (b) probably close to
• • * adequacy for families of three
or four persons * * * and (c> more
than adequate for Individuals en
titled to at least five exemptions.”
The Treasury declared that in
creasing exemptions would help
raise buying power in depressed,
times, but would add to pressures L
toward higher prices in times of ,
Man Found Slain in Car
On Highway at Mobile
ly the As»eciat««i Pro**
MOBILE, Ala., Dec. 22 — Highway
patrolmen pulled alongside a parked
;ar yesterday to warn Its driver his
wheels were on the pavement.
They found Robert L. Davis, 31,
dead over the wheel with a bullet
wound in his left temple. A .44
saliber revolver was clutched in his
opposite hand. The car’s radio was
Mobile County Sheriff W. H. Hol
combe reported the death. Nelson
Grubbs, State toxicologist, said it
could not be suicide because the
bullet hole "definitely indicated the
bullet which killed him was of a
(mailer caliber than that fired by
Sheriff Holcombe said Mr. Davis
was a former resident of Hatties
burg, Miss. He had coma, to Mobile
(bout three weeks ago. Mr. Grubb
(aid Mr. Davis had been dead about
?0 minutes when found.
There ore few gifts, if any, that will, give
the lasting enjoyment you and your family
will receive from a piano. And a spinet
or console of one of the many makes we now
have available will be a source of.pleasure
and satisfaction for long years to come.
Come in, see and play these mony fine in
struments for which our store is noted.
Admire their tonal quality and beauty of
design; the features that moke them gifts
to furnish a lifetime of pleasure.
All of thee* fine makes are here at Kitt’e
KNABE • WURLITZER • EVERETT
IVER& b ROND • WEAVER • STARR
CABLE-NELSON • ESTEY and ether*
We can still make delivery for Christmas.
(between 13th 9 14th Sts.) St*inwoy
Rhone REpublic 6212 and others
T— -■ ■ ~
Mark Hellinger, 44, Chronicler
Of Life on Broadwav. Is Dead
Stories of Big City
Led to Success as
Jr tt>* Associated trtsi
HOLLYWOOD, Dec. 21.—Mark
Hellinger. 44, one of Broadway’s
most prolific chroniclers, died yes
The former newspaper reporter,
who turned out hundreds of short
stories about New York life and
then turned to the movies, died of
s heart attack.
Only a few days ago Mr. Hellinger
completed his flndl production, “The
Naked City," which he told friends
Is “my celluloid monument to New
While gaining stature as a writer
and producer of motion pictures in
the last decade, he continued to
write a weekly story and column for
King Syndicate. He also served
briefly as a war correspondent for
International News Service in the
South Pacific and India durihg
World War II.
Had Seizure of Chills.
He died at Cedars of Lebanon
Hospital a few hours after being
seized with severe chills at his home
high in the Hollywood hills.
His wife the former Gladys Glad,
ex-Ziegfeld Pollies beauty, was at
his side when death came. They
had two adopted children, Mark, 6.
and Gladys, 5.
Mr. Hellinger was bom In New
York March 21, 1903, and joined
the staff of the New York News in
1924. Five years later he switched
to the New York Mirror. He came
to Hollywood in 1936, when his
story , “Broadway Bill," was adapted
to the screen.
After that. Mr. Hellinger's pro
iuctions included “The Roaring
Twenties,” "Brother Orchid.” "High
Sierra," "The Frontiersman” and a
iozen others. Since the war he had
ndependently produced "The Klll
m-s,” an adaptation of an Ernest
lemingwa.v story, and "Brute Force."
His short stories, collected in the
/olumes “Moon Over Broadway” and
'The Ten Million,” were likened
jv some critics to those of O. Henry,
rhey gave a sharp picture of the
>ig city and its people.
Funeral services will be held at
11 a.m. Wednesday.
Mark Hellinger was a prodigious
vorker and turned out more than
1,000 vignettes for newspapers and i
iozens of short stories. He Is said
;o have written the outline for
’Broadway Bill" while he was
forced to stay in the hospital by
a broken leg.
Mr. Hellinger considered himself
a New Yorker although he spent
most of the last decade of his life
in Hollywood. He continued to
subscribe to the New York papers,
carried a New York license plate
on his car over his California
license and his office was decorated
with pictures of famous New York
As well known in night clubs as
his jaunty step and blue-black shirt,
was his reputation as a heavy tipper.
He was considered, an incurable
sentimentalist and a "soft touch"
for cronies of the prohibition era
who were short of money. A lead
ing chronicler of the festive phase
of the 20s. Mr. Hellinger decided
that his columns could get more
readers with tears than gunfire.
Dropped From School.
Mr. Hellinger's father Paul hoped
he would become a lawyer, but de
spaired after the boy dropped out
of Townsend Harris High School.
Mark said later he was dropped be
cause he led a students’ strike
which dwindled to one striker, him- j
self. Private schools failed to make
law mere attractive to young Hel-I
At the age of 18 he got his first
taste of prohibition night life as
waiter-cashier in Greenwich Vil
lage, working for a dollar a day.
After trying a better salary in ad
vertising, he found he had more fun
working for less money for Zitt's
Weekly. On this job he reviewed
plays and movies and wrote edi
From Zitt’s Weekly he went to
the Daily News.
Woman Badly Wounded
By Escaped Monkey's Bite
ly *h» A»toc>at*d frti»
MOBILE, Ala., Dec. 22—A six
pound pet monkey escaped from his
cage here yesterday and bit a 52
year-old grandmotner so severely
that 150 stitches were required to
close the wounds. <
Physicians attending Mrs. Myrtle
D. Webster said she suffered a sev
ered tendon of the leg and multiple
lacerations of the arms and legs.
N. M. Webster, husband of the
victim, said the monkey, a female
with a reputation as a “woman
later,” escaped while a grandson
was feeding it candy.
At Mr. Webster's behest, a son-in
aw killed the monkey with a shot
fun blast. First, however, Mr. Web
iter fed the pet a last supper of
Earle Says Fear of Reds
Will Doom Marshall Plan
ly the Auociattd Prut
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 22.—The '
Marshall plan Is "certain of failure'",
because "Russian troop* at any time
may occupy the whole of Europe,":
George H. Earle, former Minister to
Bulgaria and one-time Governor of
Pennsylvania said last night.
Mr. Earle said he had sent a let
ter to President Truman and mem
bers of Congress saying the people
of Europe “will go through the mo
tions in order to secure our $17,000.
000,000, but the results will be almost
negligible. Their hearts and real
efforts will not be in reconstruction,
the results of which they think,
probably will be seized by the So- 1
Iran Parliament Tied
On Choice of Premier
To Fill Qavam's Post
ly Hi* Auociotad hw
TEHERAN. Dec. 22—Iran was
still without a Premier today
after Parliament, in a tie vote
last night, nominated two men
—Ibrahim Hakimi and Dr. Mo
hammed Mosadegh—to fill the
post resigned by Ahmed Qavam,
who failed to win a vote of con
fidence December 10.
Each nominee received 54 votes,
eaving Shah Reza Pahlevi the
choice of appointing either one, or
asking Parliament to vote again.
Six of the 114 deputies present did
not participate in the balloting.
Won Back Aberbaijan.
Mr. Qavam was chosen premier in
January, 1946, and headed the gov
ernment during differences with
Russia over the withdrawal of Soviet
troops sent into Iran during the war
to guard overland supply route.
The Soviet troops evacuated Iran
during United Nations consideration
of the issue in May and June. 1946.
Mr. Qavam then succeeded in bring
ing^ Azerbaijan Province back under
the authority of the Central Iranian
government after the province,
which adjoins the U.S.SR.. had been
governed for a time by a Soviet
favored semiautonomous regime.
Last August and again in October
Parliament accorded Mr. Qavam
votes of confidence.
Soviet Deal Nallified.
On October 22 Parliament de
clared void, over Mr. Qavam's pro
test, his understanding with the
Russians for the creation of a
joint Russian-Iranian oil company
to exploit oil resources in Northern
The Soviet press immediately as
sailed Mr. Qavam. asserting he
lad followed a "treacherous policy"
n dealing with Russian authorities.
On December 14 dissident mem
bers of Mr. Qavam's Democrat
3arty occupied party clubs and the
In Chinese Plane Crash
iy the Asso<iot«d Pr«M
NANKING. Dec. 22.—A chartered
rour-engined Belgian airliner carry
ng 30 Catholic missionaries was re
sorted today to have crashed four
niles from the Kunming airfield,
ieriously injuring 10 occupants.
The report on the casualties came
rom the French consul at Run
ning shortly after a spokesman for
Chinas civil aeronautics authority
innounced the crash. A Catholic
ifficial here said the plane was a
British-made Short Stirling.
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* * > »
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