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Sunny with highest about 40 today. Mostly J r j Page. Page. clear with low near 26 in city and 20 in Amusements-.- A-17 Obituary -A-18 suburbs tonight. Cloudy and somewhat ■ aT^BT Comies ..B-10-11 Radio -B-ll milder tomorrow (Full report on Page A-2.i B I B Editorial -A-10 Society, Clubs B-3 Midnight—30 6 am_26 Noon ... 34 4 B S' I fl ' Editor! Articles A-ll Sports A-14-15 2 a.m.... 28 8 a m. .. 26 1p.m.....36 , Lost and Found A-3 Where to Gm . B-4 4 a.m.....27 10 a.m.._..30 2 p.m. ...38 j *W j Finance . - A-19 | Womans Page-A-16 ~~ Lote New Yo7k~M<uketS, PagTXY?: _ _'_ An Assorted Press Newspoper-. 96th YEAR. Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1947—THIRTY-TWO ' PAGES. Sl.bo a Month. When 5 Sunday*. $1.30. 5 CENTS Gen.Graham,Truman's Physician, And Governor of Utah on List of 99 Officials Speculating in Grain 80 in U. S. Jobs Include 37 With Armed Forces fList of Public Employes in Market on Page A-5.) Brig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, President Truman’s person^ physician, and Gov. H. B. Maw of Utah were among 99 public officials named by Secretary of Agriculture Anderson today as speculating in grain last Sep tember. The 99 included 80 Federal Gov ernment employes, counting 37 with the military services as Federal em ployes. The others work for /state or local governments. There were 13 with Washington addresses. One of these 13 was an OPA field representative. He is Gilbert L. Parks, 1008 Twenty second street N.W. There were 14 Army, Navy or Air Force officers. Another 23 were classified under the general head ing of Army or Navy personnel, but whether they are enlisted men or civilian employes was not made clear. Left Account to Broker. Gen. Graham issued a statement saying his broker bought the grain for him without his knowledge and mwwm hh: RRIG. GEN W. H. GRAHAM. —Wide World Photo. ihat when be "learned of it he ordered it sold. He said he had turned “a very small saving" over o his broker with instructions to handle his account as the broker ihought best. Neither he nor his family has any commodity holdings, Gen. Graham aid. Mr. Graham said he ordered the wheat sold October 7 because of public discussion" of grain trading. That was two days after President Truman, in a radio .broadcast ih connection with his food conserva ;ion program, said grain prices "should not be subject to the greefj of speculators who gamble on what may lie ahead in our commodity markets. • ♦ * The cost of living in this country must not be a football to be kicked about by gamblers in grain." "Grain prices naturally respond to the law of supply and demand," the President said. "But they should not be subject to the greed of spec ulators who gamble on what may lie ahead in our commodity mar kets." Maw in First Term. Mr. Maw, a Democrat, is now in the third year of a four-year term as Governor of Utah. Gen. Graham was reported to have held 30,000 bushels of wheat on the "long" side of the market and 20,000 bushels on the short side on oepiemuer a. no was lepuitcu also to have sold 10,000 bushels on September 19. Gov. Maw was listed as having held 5,000 bushels on the long side of the market on September 17 and to have sola the same amount on September 18. Those on the “long" side of the market believe prices will go higher and accordingly buy grain for fu ture delivery. Those on the “short” side believe prices will go down. They sell for future delivery, hoping to gain by a price decline. Gen. Graham has been White House physician since August. 1945, receiving the assignment after his return from service in Europe with the 1st Army. He went overseas in 1944 with the 24th Evacuation (See SPECULATION, Page A-5.F Graham's Version | Brig. Gen. W'allace H. Graham, personal physician to President Truman, issued the following state ment today after the Agriculture Department listed him as a specula tor in grain last September: “I have a very small saving of money in a few common stocks, since approximately 1929. A portion of my savings was lost in one stock; so, when transferring my account to Washington in the spring of 1947, I asked the broker to handle the account the best way he knew how and to use his own judgment. "I also told him that I would no more mteriere in how he should conduct his business than I would ask him for advice on how to per form an operation. ‘‘On October 7, 1947, because of all that public discussion of grain trading, I inquired of my broker if I had an^ holding in wheat or any other commodity. He told me that I did have a small holding. "I thereupon instructed him to sell this whether at a loss or gain, as I did not wish to have any commodity transactions. “There have not been any previous dealings in commodities in my name, or in the name of any member of my family, and there are no hold ings in my name, or the name of any member of my family, at the present time." I Bid for Presidency by Wallace Expected in Broadcast Tonight Some Democrats See Benefit for Truman If Third-Party Head Launches Attack i By the Aisociated Pre»* Henry A. Wallace comes to his hour of decision tonight, with Democratic leaders hoping that if he elects to head a third party he will- pull no punches in his criticism of President Truman. The view of these Democratic strategists is that a Wallace cam paign on a "peace” ticket would re act to the President's benefit if the former Vice President displays pub licly the bitter feelings he is re ported to hold against Mr. Truman for kicking him out of his cabinet Latest reports to the Democratic high command are that Mr. Wallace will make the leap into the presi dential race in his radio speech from Chicago at 10:30 p.m. (Wash ington time', contending that both major parties have become ''W'ar” parties and that the only road to peace lies in developing a new pol icy tow'ard Soviet Russia. Republicans, confident that Mr. Wallace can command some so called left wing votes which other wise would go to Mr. Truman, would welcome his entry. But at least one Democrat, Sena tor Sparkman of Alabama, said the Wallace entry may not do Mr. Tru man any political damage In the long run. Senator Sparkman headed the Democratic congressional cam paign drive in 1946. “One of the principal and most effective charges brought against the Democratic Party in 1946 was that it was tainted with Commun ism,” Senator Sparkman told a re porter. “That charge was based on fact that an extreme liberal group was part of the party. "Some people called this group Communists or fellow travelers. I have always thought of them as ex treme liberals who wanted changes in Government faster than normal conditions would bring them about.” Senator Sparkman said a Wallace third party would “serve more or less to purge,” the Democratic Party of these “extreme liberals.” “Most of those who provided the I (See WALLACE, Page A-5J 15 Killed in Fighting At Jerusalem Gate as Jews Hurl Grenades Arab Bus Also Sprayed With Machine Guns; Two Constables Slain By the Associated Pres* JERUSALEM. Dec. 29.—At least 12 Arabs, 2 British constables Jand 1 Jew were killed in a clash j at Jerusalem's historic Damas jcus Gate today after Jews had ; hurled grenades and sprayed an Arab bus with machine-gun bullets. Police at the scene said the melee started when the oceupants of a Jewish taxi heaved a grenade into a crowded street near the massive stone gate and machinegunned an Arab bus preparing to leave for the all-Arab town of Nablus. “At least 12 Arabs were killed," the police said. Taxi Is Set Afire. They declared that two carloads of Arabs chased the fleeing taxi and overhauled it a mile away, while they killed one Jew and wounded another. The Arabs then brought the taxi back to Damascus gate where they set it afire. Two British constables trying to restore order among the enraged Arabs were killed in attempting to put out the blaze. Other violence of the day added further casualties. An armed band, believed to be Jewish, raided the British Army’s Tel Litwinskv camp near Tel Aviv, killed one British soldier and fled . with a large number of guns. The j attackers, who wore battle dress and I steel helmets, entered the camp by j cutting through barbed wire barri cades. Police said they attacked the armory under cover of heavy fire. Doctor Shot to Death. In Bethlehem, an Arab doctor who headed the government mental [hospital was shot to death in the Ibhasi quarter not far from the Church of the Nativity. The dead in communal violence in Palestine since the United Na tions voted November 29 to parti tion Palestine totaled 424. The toll throughout the whole Middle East rose to 545. Earlier a Jewish civilian was fa tally wounded by a bomb tossed at the National Bus Co. offices near Barclay's Bank and an Arab cor poral of the Trans-Jordan Frontier Police was slain during a machine gun attack on a supply convoy in Northern Galilee. Three other Arab troopers were wounded in the con voy attack. Police said the raid on the British army camp apparently was carried out by members of the Jewish un derground to obtain weapons. The raiders’ loot was said to have in cluded 74 rifles, seven Sten guns and 3,000 rounds of ammunition. Scattered violence claimed 21 lives yesterday in Palestine—13 Arabs, seven Jews and a British soldier. -*-**'-- uv. "*011 cuujvioiuuc V/l (See PALESTINE. Page A-4.) 23 Die in Plane Crash Near Karachi Airport By the Associated Press KARACHI, Pakistan. Dec. 29.— Nineteen passengers, including an American Jesuit priest, and four crew members were killed when an Indian transport plane crashed Sat urday night shortly after taking off from Karachi to Bombay. ■ The priest, Father J. G. Sloan, belonged to the Patna mission in India, where he had been for eight years. He had arrived Saturday in Karachi from Bahrein, on the Per sian Gulf, and en route to Ceylon on a preaching mission. D. C. Man Sentenced KYOTO, Japan, Dec. 29 Mb.— David E. Walters, 3400 block of Con necticut avenue, Washington, an Army civilian employe, was sen tenced to two years at hard labor and fined $2,000 today by a court martial which convicted him of impersonating an Army officer and accepting a bribe from a Japanese contractor. Communists Reported To Be Only 12 Miles West of Mukden Artillery Fire of Strong Attack Said to Have Been Heard in City By th* Associated Press NANKING, Dec. 29.—Artillery fire was heard in besieged Mukden as one Communist force penetrated to within 12 miles of the big Man churian city, the newspaper Hsin Min Pao reported today. It was one of the strongest frontal attacks of the current campaign. The dispatch, first received from Hsin Min Pao’s Mukden correspond ent since censorship was imposed Friday, said 20,000 Communists pushed into a government position 15 miles west of Mukden, and one volumn advanced three miles fur ther under cover of heavy artil lery fire. Nightlong shelling of areas only a few miles from the city was said to have eased as National troops hurled back the most advanced Red units. There were rumors in Nanking that Communists had made air at tacks on Mukden, but a military spokesman said the rumors were false. So far as is known, the Com munists have no military aircraft. Changchun Garrison Shifted. National dispatches received in Peiping reported the withdrawal of part of the government garrison at Changchun, Manchurian capital, I “to join the battle for Mukden.” It was considered possible, however, that the move might be a prelude to abandoment of the capital. The dispatches said the troops bypassed Communist - threatened Kungchuling, 36 miles southwest of Changchun, and joined forces' in the Szepingkai area, 70 miles south west of the capital. The press said 5,000 Communists were killed in a battle around Sinli tun, 70 miles west of Mukden. Four hundred Reds were said to have died Saturday night in an attack west of Tiehling, trunkline railroad town 40 miles northeast of Mukden. National bombers based at Muk- 1 den were reported flying many mis sions, causing heavy losses among the Reds. In Changchun, where the temper ature was below zero, authorities requisitioned all soyabean cake supplies for use as fuel in homes and in the city’s power plant. South of the Great Wall, com munist demolition sqauds were re ported to have isolated Peiping by destroying secions of all four rail lines into the city. One of the bands was said to have moved within a few miles of government Gen. Fu Tso-Yi’s new North China headquarters at Fengtai, on the Peiping-Tientsin line, to blow up tracks. • Observers in Nanking did not con sider Peiping's isolation as the pre lude to a communist attack on the city, but part of the Reds' over-all strategy or destroying all commum-1 cations to prevent government; movement of reinforcements to; threatened areas. Chiang Kai-shek conferred today; with government military leaders at Hankow, in Central China. Trumans Take Guests On Potomac Cruise By the Associated Press President Truman and his family took their holiday guests on a Sunday cruise aboard the Williams burg. The Trumans, with their daugh ter. Margaret, and members of their families, left the White House about 11:30 a.m. yesterday for the Navy Yard, where they boarded the presidential yacht. They sailed down the Potomac to a little below Mount Vernon, returning about 4:30 pm. The group included the Presi dent’s sister, Miss Mary Jane Truman, Grandview, Mo.; Mrs. Truman’s mother, Mrs. David Wal lace, Independence, Mo., and other members of Mrs. Truman’s family. Greeks Smash Guerrilla Lines To Aid Konitsa Relief Column Drives To Beleaguered City. With Air Support By the Associated Press ATHENS, Dec. 29.—Govern ment sources announced today that a brigade of reinforcing Greek troops had fought their way through guerrilla siege lines and entered the hard-pressed city of Konitsa near the Alban ian frontier. The relief column was believed to be a part of the forces which the government announced yesterday had been hurled into a new offen sive to smash the guerrilla drive on Konitsa. The guerrillas’ goal apparently was to seize Konitsa as the capital of the new independent Communist ‘■government” recently proclaimed by their leader, Gen. Markos Vifiades. Reports from the front indicated the relief column had smashed through guerilla lines astride the British Give Warning Against Recognition Of Greek Guerrillas By the Associated Press LONDON, Dec. 29. —The British Foreign Office declared today that recognition by any nation of Gen. Markos Vifiades' newly announced guerrilla regime in Greece would be re garded as causing a "grave deterioration in the world situation.” A Foreign Office spokesman volunteered the observation at his regular daily news confer ence. He would not indicate what action Britain might take if recognition should be ac corded. The governments of Greece's northern neighbors — Yugo slavia, Albania, and Bulgaria— already have been charged by a United Nations investigating committee with aiding the Communist-led guerrillas. Konitsa-Kalpaki road at a point about 9 miles southwest of Konitsa and had moved up the highway to wic uncaguticu \/j , Garrison Outnumbered. * Approximately 44,000 refugees ear lier were reported to have sought refuge from the guerrillas in Kon itsa, whose garrison was badly out numbered by the besiegers. The government forces participat ing in the offensive to smash the rebel drive on Konitsa were sup ported by rocket-firing Spitfire fighters of the Greek air force based at Ionnina, about 25 miles to the south. Clearing weather gave the airmen their first clear target yesterday, and they were reported to have in flicted heavy casualties on the guer rillas. Their targets included heavy' 66-milimeter guns with which the guerrillas have been bombarding the city, and two of the guns were reported knocked out. Press reports from the front said that the guerrillas had offered fierce resistance everywhere, however, and ackndwledged that government losses had been "considerable." Communist Party Outlawed. Government sources estimated that the guerrillas had 23 battalions totaling about 4,000 men—plus many smaller bands—in the battle area. The number of government troops participating in the offensive was not disclosed, but the forces were said to include reinforcements and heavy arms rushed from Western Macedonia. The area where the fighting is underway is rugged mountain ter rain and operations were rendered more difficult by bitter W'eather. j The new government offensive < coincided with promulgation of a government decree outlawing the Communist Party and its aympa- j (See GREEK, Page A-6.1 U. S. Silent on Red Protest Against Kuriles Flights •y the Aisocioted Pren TOKYO. Dec. 29.—United States Army and Air Force authorities refused comment today on a Rus sian protest that American planes from Japan violated boundaries of the nearby Kurile Islands, held by the Soviets. Authorities intimated any official statement would have to come from the Army Department, to which Washington said it involved only local issues which normally could be settled by military commanders on the spot. In at least one instance an Amer ican aircraft has flown over the Kuriles. That was in the spring of 1946, when a C-46 flew four cor respondents over the Southwestern Kuriles. Previous Russian protests have charged American flyers in Korea crossed the 38th parallel, dividing the United States and Russian oc cupation zones. At least two Russian aircraft landed in the American zone in Korea without proper notification, fn both cases the planes were serv iced by Americans before the pilots resumed their flights. -• Mason Receives Wortis Report Assailing Gallinger Mental Unit Proposal Suggesting 26 Improvements 'Sent to Fowler By Miriam Ottenberg The Wortis report, branding Gallinger Hospital’s psychopathic division "a disgrace to Wash ington” and carrying 26 specific recommendations for improve ments, went to Commissioner Guy Mason today and was im-j mediately dispatched to the Dis trict Budget Office. After reading the 35-page report, hastily, Mr. Mason said he wanted to get as much done as humanly possible to improve the psychopathic division, but he had to have the ap proval of hfe fellow Commissioners and they had to find some money. He said Budget Officer Walter L. Fowler will submit to the Commis sioners tomorrow a financial state ment on the earlier Health Depart ment recommendations and the Wortis report. Prepared by Dr. Wortis. The report was prepared by Dr. Samuel B. Wortis. psychiatry direc tor of New York’s Bellevue Hospital, acting as a Public Health Service consultant. Dr. Wortis found con ditions in the psychopathic division much as they w^ere described by The Star in a series of articles terming the psychopathic wards ‘‘a disgrace to Washington.” In the articles, it TSee GALLINGER. Page A-3.)_1 Wortis Report ] The following 26 specific rec ommendations were made to the Commissioners today by Dr. Samuel B. Wortis, outstanding psychiatrist, to improve condi tions in Gallinger Hospital’s psy chopathic division: 1. A new, 200-bed psychopathic division. 2. A clinic for the treatment of psychoneurotics, children and alco holics and for follow-up study of patients discharged froq) the psy chopathic wards. 3. ,A special psychiatric children's w'ard. 4. An increase in the number of full-time psychiatrists from 5 to 15, supplemented by an adequate num-! ber of internes and resident physicians. 5. Three instead of one full-time psychologists. Additional Personnel. 6. Four, instead of one, full-time psychiatric social workers. 7. A minimum nursing and at tendants staff of 113. instead of 73, and provision of extra nurses and attendants to care for transfer of patients to St. Elizabeth's Hospital. 8. Provision of a reception clerk, messengers and additional stenog raphers. 9. Three additional workers in rec reational therapy. 10. Better and more extensive co ( See RECOMMENDATIONS, A-3.7 | Fog, Wind and Cold Delay Rescue of 4 in Alaska B-29 Crash Tow Plane and Glider Also Forced Down, but Crew Escapes Injury By th® Associat®d Press NOME, Alaska, Dec. 29.—Heavy ground fogs, gale-force winds and subzero temperatures con fronted rescue parties today as the Air Force, further hin dered by the crash landing of a C-47 tow plane and its glider in yesterday’s operations, sought to evacuate four known survivors of a B-29 crash in the bleak sub Arctic 95 miles north of Nome. None of the seven men In the C-47 and the glider was injured. Five of the unsuccessful rescuers were returned last night to Nome by the crew1 of a C-45. Two others were left behind to ready the stranded glider to be picked^ up today. A radioed message from the C-45 that it was making an “emergency landing” led to early reports that itj too had crash landed. This later wac fnnnri tn rpfpr tn the nlane's landing to Rickup the occupants of the V-47 and glider. Condition of Survivors Uncertain. Condition of the four survivors and fate of the four other crew members of the stricken Super Fortress, the "Clobbered Turkey," still was uncertain. The plane crashed on a training flight last Tuesday. Capt. Aiken Mays, Nome air base:! doctor, and two paratroopers dropped to their aid Saturday night, shortly after the plane was first , sighted, but failure of their radio equipment has made it impossible to gather details. A second radio • was dropped by the C.47 yesterday. . but there was no indication from ! the medical team that any messages ' were getting through. Col..Harry N. Burkhalter, com manding officer of the Nome air base, said rescue operations would ( be resumed today as quickly as weather conditions permit. Winds ranging with 25 to 40 miles an hour,! temperatures down to 40 degrees: aelow zero, and a heavy ground fog i See ALASKA, Page A-5.) ' 30 Slain by Pirates HONG KONG, Dec. 29 UP).—'The, newspaper Sing Tao Jih Po reported today from Canton that 30 pas sengers and the crew of the motor ship Chow Lung were killed Friday In an hour-long battle with grenade I hurling pirates on the East .River. I The report said the ship was sunk. 4 Congress Workers Lose Jobs in Capitol's Own Loyalty Purge Jonkman, Bloom Agree Doubtful Cases Must Be Decided in Favor of U. S. A Republican and Democrat in Congress agreed today that dras tic rules for handling Federal employes’ loyalty cases are justi fied because the Government ‘must not take chances.” Meanwhile, Congress disclosed that it is taking steps to rid the legisla tive payroll of Communists and fel low travelers and that four employes already have been dismissed. Commenting on the Federal loyalty rules procedure. Representatives Jonkman, Republican,, of Michigan and Bloom, Democrat, of New York told a reporter that any doubtful cases must be decided in favor of the Government. Secrecy is essen tial, they said. Mr. Bloom said it is essential to protect the source of information about disloyal acts of Government workers. If the Government is too liberal with its secrets, he said, its sources will dry up. Fired as Fellow Travelers. Mr. Jonkman said that in cases involving loyalty • tne tiovernmem ihould be given the benefit of the ioubt. We can't afford to take, a :hance.” Congresses’ housecleaning among ts own employes was disclosed by Senator Ball, Republican of Minne sota, who said1 that congressional :ommittees already have cut the 'our employes off their payrolls ifter an investigation of reports hat they were Communist fellow ravelers. i Senator Ball said he personally eported the case against one Sen ite employe to the chairman of the iubcommittee on whose staff he vorked. After an inquiry by the federal Bureau of Investigation, the (See LOYALTY, Page A-6.) ■ 100,000 Strike in Bombay 1 Over Accord Failure • By the Associated Press BOMBAY, Dec. 29.—About 400.000 vorkers went on strike today in a I ( 14-hour urotest against failure of nachinery for settling labor dis »utes. Textile, port and railway work- 1 ihop workers formed the bulk of the ( trikers, who represent 60 Socialist:! ind 25 Communist unions. j Five thousand Socialist volunteers 1 oured the city appealing to pickets i o remain peaceful. Police convoys: i >a trolled the city, 11 Appeals Court Backs Veterans' Preference Over U. S. Career Men Civil Service Group's Procedure Sustained In Navy Yard Case The Civil Service Commission’s right to order the dismissal of nonveteran career employes dur ing Government reduction-in force programs, even though they may have greater seniority than war veteran employes, was upheld today by the United States Court of Appeals. The appellate tribunal gave its stamp of approval to the commis sion’s procedure under which agencies have to dismiss non-veteran I career employes before they can ! touch veteran career employes, dur ing personnel reduction periods. Case Arose at Navy Yard. In the case involved, a non-vet eran Charleston <S. C.) Navy Yard employe had asked District Court to order his restoration to the job, asserting that war veterans with less service had been retained at the Navy York. District Court granted the Government's petition to dismiss his suit and today's decision sus laineu me jowei cuuu. The appeals court said the Vet erans' Preference Act of 1944 as passed by Congress gave the com mission "a wide measure of dis cretion" in administering the law'," and so long as .the commission stays within the reasonable limits of the 'due effect.’ directive, the courts must leave it there." At the same time, however, the appeals court said it did not be lieve that Congress “meant to fore close the commission by unequivoc ally requiring that veterans, regard less of length of service, be retained over non-veterans, regardless of length of service; or that compara tively inexperienced veterans com pose the reduced Federal force in preference to experienced non veteran personnel.” Up to Commission. “But we think that Congress left hat difficult solution largely to the commission,” the opinion continued. Under veterans' preference, all war veterans employed with per manent status can “bump" non veteran career employes in their agencies. War veteran employes who do not have permanent status cannot be retained over nonveteran career employes, however. Chief Justice D. Lawrence Groner of the Court of Appeals and Justice Henry W. Edgerton heard the case with Justice E. Barrett Prettyman, who wrote the opinion. Oil Burner Blast Injures 3 At Police Women's Bureau A backfiring oil burner shook the Police Women’s Bureau at 1224 Fifth street N.W. today and filled the luilding with smoke, but there were io serious injuries. Three workmen of the District Repair Shop were pinged and cov ;red with soot by the blast. One of he men, N. L. Biggs, was taken to Sarfield Hospital. Capt. Rhoda Milliken, in charge if the bureau, salW the men had ieen working on the furnace. A new lurner had been installed Christmas ;ve and was being adjusted, she ex ilained. Except for the workmen, 10 one in the building was injured, ihe said. A District inspector was sent to he bureau immediately after the sxplosion, according to Kenneth H. Cugel, inspector in charge of smoke tnd boilers in the District Depart-1 nent of Inspections. The bureau building, constructed >f brick, was built in 1885. 13 Hurt in Florida Bus and Truck Crash By the Associated Press GIFFORD, Fla., Dec. 29. — Thir een persons were injured, one seri usly, when a Southbound Grey lound bus collided with a truck ust before dawn today on U. S. lighway No. 1. The crash occurred two miles lorth of Vefo Beach. The injured rare taken to Vero Beach hospital. Truman to Sign 'Pitiful' Bill to Control Prices Taft Says President Is Playing Politics In Attacking Measure (Text 0/ Truman Statement on Page A-S.J By the Associated Press President Truman promised to sign into law today the Repub lican anti-inflation bill, but he branded it as "pitifully inade quate” to deal with the “grave peril” confronting the Nation’s economy. The President, took the unusual course of issuing a Sunday state ment to give his views on the in adequacy of the Republican bill which was designed to help in the fight against inflation. He used i scorching words, declaring that un less the Republican Congress gives ! him stronger weapons the country may face "a serious depression." Cries of politics came immediately from several key Republicans, led by Senator Taft of Ohio, a co sponsor of the bill, frequently his party's spokesman on domestic is sues and a candidate for his party’s presidential nomination. Charges “Politics." Senator Taft declared the Presi aent is -playing an tne politics ne i can with high prices." The Senator made his comment at a breakfast held in Kansas City for him and Mrs. Taft by the Jack son County Republican Committee. He added that Mr. Truman's com ments on the measure represented ithe administration's efforts to shift the responsibility to the Republi cans. | "Present prices are due to the policies of the Government for the last 15 years,” Senator Taft told ! the county committee. “The inf la i tion has been produced by the spending policy of the administra tion and by more demand than i supply. "The inflation has been brought about by the lavish use of money and the tremendous Government deficits." Even greater governmental spend ing, he said, is being planned. Thus the high cost of living and how ter bring it down sizzled as the major political issue to start off the 1948 election year. Becomes Effective at Once. The President left the actual signing until today, at an hour not specified. The measure becomes effective immediately upon signing. The first official action to carry out provisions of the measure ap peared likely to be an order to dis tillers to hold their grain consump tion to 2,500.000 bushels a month during the five weeks the bill re vives Mr. Truman’s wartime powers over whisky making. 1 program ended Christmas Eve with the Government and major dis tillers at odds over a new con servation program. The bill also extends the Presi dent's controls over exports and railroad transportation and pro vides for voluntary food programs. It does not give him the standby price-wage control and rationing powers he asked in his 10-point program laid before the special session. Senator Taft W'as only one of a number of Republican leaders who criticized Mr. Truman's message. Representative Wolcott, Repub lican, of Michigan, who sponsored the measure along with Senator Taft, asserted that if living costs are not brought down "the fault will be that of the President and not of Congress.” Ball Scents Politics. Senator Ball. Republican, of Minnesota, a fellow member of the Senate-House Economic Committee headed by Senator Taft, said the President’s statement ‘‘smells a bit of politics.” Senator Dworshak, Republican, of Idaho contended Mr. Truman is "de liberately trying to deceive the American people,” and House Re publican Leader Halleck declared the President “appears to have lost his faith in the American voluntary way of life.” Democrats who commented sup ported Mr. Truman’s stand. On the Democratic side, Repre sentative Spence of Kentucky, top minority member of the House Banking Committee, said “the Pres ident has appraised the legislation well. I agree it is a pitiful, idle ges ture by the Republicans toward con trolling inflation.” Senator Sparkman, Democrat, of Alabama declared the President "is completely right in describing this as ‘pitifully inadequate.’ ’’ Mr. Truman declared in his state (See ECONOMIC, Page A-6J U. S. Helicopter Crash Kills Three in-Naples By th« Associated Press NAPLES. Italy, Dec. 29.— Three United States Navy men were killed when a helicopter from the aircraft carrier Midway lost its rotor and fell into a scrap iron pile at the port of Naples today. Two were listed as Naval Officers Robert Lamm and Jack Peter. Their addresses and the name of the third victim were not available. Witnesses said the helicopter took off from the carrier, anchored in Naples harbor, a few minutes before the crash. The accident occurred a few hundred yards from the "friendship train” food ship Exiria. The rotor fell in several pieces frdfti a considerable height, wit nesses said. Then the ship crashed. Wreckage was taken aboard the Midway for investigation. The nelicopter victim whose name was withheld survived his injuries for a few hours but died while being taken across the bay to the Midway. Navy officers said no further in formation would be issued about the crash pending an inquiry into the cause.