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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 31, 1947, Image 1

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report on page A 2. I Editorial Articles. A-7 Sports -A-8-9
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1 :-Tl-Z7—;—r:—v—:—-r~ri 1 . An Associated Press Newspoper
Late New York Markets, Page A-ll ----- —1
"* City Home Delivery. Daily and Sunday. ST fRIVTS
96th TEAR. Phone NA. 5000. _$1 .HO a Month. When 5 Sundays. >1.30. ^
Guerrilla Forces
Leaving Konitsa,
Greeks Report
Relief Columns Reach
Town's Environs;
Fight Virtually Over
u. S HOLDS OUT possibility of
sending troops to Greece. Page A-4
By the Associoted Press
ATHENS, Dec. 31.—Military
authorities expressed the opin
ion late today that guerrillas
were withdrawing from besieged
Konitsa and that the battle for
the town, which Greek Commu
nists coveted as a capital, was
virtually over.
A semiofficial report said two
Greek Army relief columns had
moved into the immediate environs
of Konitsa and that the bulk of
regular forces was waiting to cross
the wTreckage of the Bourozani
bridge, which the guerrillas blew
up, 11 miles west of the beleaguered
town.
One relief column was' within
sight and a mile and a half away,
advices from the zone said.
It was reported no resistance was
encountered around the Bourozani
bridge, which is situated on the one
main road into Konitsa.
oeseigen amir \ misuuao.
Guerrilla forces estimated to num
ber 5,000 have been besieging
Konibsa's garrison of 1.000 men
since Christmas Day.
Konitsa lies eight miles from the
Albanian frontier.
Geographically and strategically
it would make an ideal capital for
the Communist regime of Gen.
Markos Vafiades. Mountains up to
7,000 feet in height provide natural
fortifications to the east, south and
southwest. Greek authorities say:
the rebels are being supplied from
Albania.
The normal population of the
town is 10,000. Official reports to
the American Mission to Aid Greece
recently said about 40.000 refugees
had- moved in, many living in shel
ters in the outer defenses. There
was no official information about.
how the refugees have fared in
the fighting.
Message to Troops.
One military authority said that
had the Guerrillas captured Konitsa
and been allowed time to consoli
date positions and open supply lines;
to Albania, the Greek army could;
not have evicted them before spring
because of the terrain and snow. ,
Athens press reports said the
febels encircling the city had
launched a last desperate assault on ■
Konitsa and were pounded by artil-j
lerv fire.
Lt. Gen. Kalogeropoulos. com
mander of the 2d Army Corps, sent j
a message to the Konitsa garrison.
v “Be brave. Make a final valliant
effort. Strong units are moving
toward Konitsa. We shall meet and
shake hands today.”
In another message, to the 75th
Brigade, which is defending Konitsa. j
Gen. Kalogeropoulos said:
“By authority of the King, I award
to all wounded officers and men the
Military’ Cross. I reserve the priv
ilege personally to pin these decora
tions on your breasts.”
Authoritative military sources dis
closed that Greek forces in Epirus
numbered 12 battalions of slightly
more than 5,000 men. The War Min
(See~GREECE7Page A-5.1
Fire Damages building
At Pittsburgh Workhouse
By the Associated Press
PITTSBURGH. Dec. 31.—Fifty
sheriff's deputies were rushed to
the Allegheny County Workhouse
today when fire caused minor dam
age to the three-story administra
tion building, adjacent to the main
building where some 700 prisoners
were confined.
The deputies patrolled outside
the workhouse walls as a precau
tion. but as the flames were quickly
extinguished there w^as no need to
transfer any of the prisoners. A
small amount of smoke penetrated
cell blocks.
From the basement of the wood
and stone administration building,
flames worked up into walls, but the
blaze was gotton under control little
more than an hour after it wras de
tected. No one was injured.
Firemen from Pittsburgh and Al
legheny River suburbs answered the
alarm. In addition, police forces
atood by while an alert was on.
Part in Tojo Trial
Is Denied Fihelley
»y the Associated Press
TOKYO, Dec. 31.—Chief Prosecu
tor Joseph B. Keenan began cross
examining Hideko Tojo in the In
ternational War Crimes Court today
after the tribunal refused to allow
Associate Prosecutor John W.
Fihelley of Washington, D. C., to
“assist."
Mr. Fihelley departed in red
faced indignation.
The court recessed until Friday,
for the New Year's holiday, shortly
after Mr. Keenan begin his ques
tioning.
Mr. Fihelley told interviewers
two weeks ago that Mr. Keenan
had designated him to conduct
Tojo’s cross examination. He had
returned here from the United
States for that purpose.
In the spectators' gallery were
Mrs. Douglas MacArthur and son,
Arthur. 9. Arthur, the general's
wife explained, “wanted to see
Tojo” __
Mr. Fihelley is on leave from the
United States attorney’s office here,
where he has been an assistant
United States attorney since 1924.
A native 6f Plymouth, Mass., he ir
a graduate of Boston College and
Georgetown University law school.
He was given a leave of absence in
December, 1945, after being selected
by Mr. Keenan as an assistant in
the war trial prosecutions in Japan.:
Mr. Keenan is a former Assistant!
Attorney General. <
Truman Confident of Peace,
Reaffirms His Faith in U. N.
President's Comment Interpreted by Some
As Reply to Wallace's 'War Policy' Charge
By Joseph A. Fox
President Truman today spoke
confidently of an ultimate
“world peace on which all na
tions can agree’’ and reasserted
his faith in the United Nations
as he recalled philosophically
the disappointments of 1947 and
turned with new hope to 1948.
In a homely little news confer
ence talk, the President told report
ers that, after all. 80 years wrere
required for the American Consti
tution to become an effective docu
ment and so, he added, “I don't
think we ought to be discouraged
at the setbacks sustained by the in
fant United Nations.”
Some observers were inclined to
interpret Mr. Truman's remarks as
an answer to the charges of Henry
A. Wallace that Democrats and Re-.
publicans are pursuing a "bipartisan
reactionary war policy.”
The President flatly refused to be
drawn into any discussion of Mr
Wallace's views or his independe- •
presidential candidacy, but he was
emphatic in asserting his interest
in world peace.
When the subject of Mr. Wallace
was raised. Mr. Truman said flatly
that he had no comment. Then a
reporter, taking another tack,
wanted the President's views on the I
Wallace charge that the Democratic
Party is not a peace party.
Brusquely the President responded
that he was not commenting on
anything his former Secretary of
Commerce said. "Not even when he
says you can't tell a Truman from'
“ISe^TRUMANTPage A-4J j
President Is Silent
On Why He Dropped
Landis From CAB
Pilots Charge Politics,
Fight for Safety Cost
Chairman His Job
President Truman refused to
day to say why he had not re- i
appointed James M. Landis as
chairman of the Civil Aeronau- i
tics Board,
Mr. Landis' term expires at mid
night tonight, and the White House
announced late yesterday he would
not be reappointed.
The President said that as soon
as possible he would fill the Landis
vacancy and also another on the
CAB created by the resignation of
Clarence M. Young.
He said that in the meantime
Vice Chairman Oswald Ryan would
serve as chairman of the board.
Mr. Truman said former Senator
Mead, Democrat, of New York is
under consideration for a number
of Government posts, but added he
couldn’t say whether Senator Mead
is under consideration for one, of
the two CAB vacancies.
The President also said that tile
final report drawn up by his special
Air Safety Board, headed by Mr.
Landis, had not yet reached his
desk.
The board was named several.
months ago after a series of fatal
crashes and Mr. Truman said its j
recommendations would be made
public. i
"Power Politics” Charged.
Charges that 'power politics"
blocked Mr. Landis’ reappointment
because he put "air safety ahead of
the dollar" were made earlier by the
Air Line Pilots’ Association.
However, the former dean of the
Harvard School of Law', who ac
cepted a salary cut when he was
appointed by Mr. Truman to
the important Federal job at $10,000
a year, refused comment late yes
terday when informed the White
House had announced he would not
be reappointed to the term expiring
today. He has served since June.
1946.
Shortly before the White House
announcement, Mr. Landis had for
w'arded for Mr. Truman's approval
the Air Safety Board's report, along;
with a dissenting or ''minority’' re-1
port by one member, Milton W.
Arnold, vice president of operations
and engineering, Air Transport As
sociation.
Mr. Arnold wras said to have
objected to a number of safety
suggestions, including some changes
in airline operational procedures
and organizations, and a ‘ morale
building'’ plan for retirement of
pilots.
Behncke Hits Move.
Meanwhile, David L. Behncke,
president of the pilots’ union, de
clared the ATA’s “last-minute
withdrawal from participation in the
final report” was a "well-planned,
stab-in-the-back move to discredit
Mr. Landis” because he “puts first;
things first and safety ahead of the
dollar.”
The ATA, on the other hand, said
Mr. Arnold's decision was “a per
sonal one." Mr. Arnold said he had
(See LANDIsT~Page A-4.j
Truman Is Undecided
On Renaming Mason
President Truman today told a
news conference questioner that he
had not decided whether he would
reappoint Commissioner Guy Mason.
He said he would make the an
nouncement when the appointment
was ready.
Commissioner Mason's term ex
pired November 29 but he is con
tinuing in office until a successor
is named. There have been reports*j
that Mr. Mason would be,glad to
serve another term.
WhattheRussians
Are Saying of Us
The Moscow radio, broadcasting to
the Soviet Union, said:
“Recently, on board the steam
ship Russiya. a group of Armen
ians arrived from the United
States. They had emigrated from i
Russia 20 to 30 years ago. The
stories of these living witnesses
on life in the United States are
full of tragedy. They speak about j
awful years during which they |
lived in Truman's golden Amer
ica.
“ ‘Some of us made a fairly
good living at times, but despite
that, could never feel like human j
beings in the United States,’ said j
an Armenian doctor, who has j
just returned from the United j
States.
“ ‘It is only here among the !
Soviet people that we begin to
feel and experience real freedom
and, human life,’ said an elec
trician who lived 46 years over
seas.”

Romania Royal Family
Asks 60 Passports
To Leave Country
Ex-King Mihai Expected
To Begin Journey to
Switzerland Friday
BRITISH OBSERVERS say politics.
not romance, cost Mihai's throne. |
Page A-4
By th* Associated Press
BUCHAREST, Romania, Dec.
31.—The Romanian royal family
of Ex-King Mihai I applied to
day for 60 passports to leave
Romania, newly proclaimed a
“popular democratic republic”
by the Communist-dominated
government.
Mihai, who abdicated in a surprise
move yesterday, came back to
Bucharest with his mother, former
Queen Helen, from the royal castle
at Sinaia, where they spent the
night. *
He probabiy will leave for Switzer
land Friday.
The 26-year-old former monarch
conferred for an hour with Dr. Petru
Groza, premier of the Communist
dominated government.
Dr. Groza said in an interview
with foreign correspondents that!
Mihai was free to come and go as he
pleases. He said that if Mihai wants
---- !
Anthem Outmoded;
Bands in Bucharest
Play Internationale
By the Associated Press I
BUCHAREST, Dec. 31.—
Bands played almost cease
lessly today in this capital of
the new “popular Democratic
republic’’ of Romania and one
of the selections frequently
heard was the Communist
Internationale.
Romania has been without ft
national anthem for 24 hours.
The old pne opened with the
phase, “Long Live the King."
to go abroad he probably has pet
sonal reasons, hinting at the report
ed romance of Mihai and Danish
Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma.
(Official Swiss sources said they
expected Mihai would enter
Switzerland. Princess Anne said
in Copenhagen that she had re
ceived no direct word from
Mihai since he quit the Roman
ian throne. She indicated she
was worried over her failure to
hear from him. She went back
to Denmark after a trip with
Mihai and his entourage recently
from London to Switzerland.)
Mihai planned to return to Sinaia
to spend New Year’s eve with his
mother.
The Chamber of Deputies met in
full strength this morning with the
(See-MIHAI, Page A-4.)
Lindbergh Reaches Tokyo
TOKYO, Dec. 31 </P<— Col. Charles
A. Lindbergh arrived today for a
visit in Japan which will include
luncheon Friday with Gen. Mac- j
Arthur.
Late News
Bulletin
Murphy Pleads Not Guilty
Fire Chief Clement Murphy
today pleaded not guilty to
the 13 charges of inefficiency
and unfitness before a special
three-man trial board. The
charges were filed against
Chief Murphy by the corpora
tion counsel’s office following I
accusations by one of his own j
men, Capt. Joseph Conroy.
Safe-crackefs seized a total of
$2,040 in three burglaries early
today.
One burglar was surprised in the
Miami Grill, at 3642 Georgia avenue
N.W., and swung a chair at the pro
prietor, Michael Mastromichalis, 54,
but failed to injure him.
Thieves wheeled a safe containing
nearly $1,000 from the Nichols Cafe
at 614 Seventeenth street and pre
sumably carried the small strong
box off in an automobile.
The crime was discovered about
5:30 a.m. when Pvts. Walter B. Bow
man and Edwin F. Birrell noticed
the front door had been jimmied
and a padlock broken. The safe
had been taken from behind a to
bacco counter.
Mrs. Zachary S’. Nichols, wife of
the owner of the cafe, said the safe
:ontained from $900 to $1,000 in
:ash and personal papers.
Burglars obtained a similar
unount when they forced entry to
i Giant rood Store at 845 Bladena
Chiang Charges
!
Russia Is Aiding
Chinese Reds
Declares Real Aim
Is to Dismember
And Ruin Country
By the Associated Press
NANKING. Dec. 31.—General
issimo Chiang Kai-shek charged
today that China's “present
Communist menace comes as
much from without as from
within”—plainly implying that
Soviet Russia is helping the
Chinese Reds.
“Unless checkmated," he told his
people in a New Year's radio mes
sage. “it will cause the downfall of
our nation, make unity impossible
and reduce our people to serfs.”
The reference—the first from so
high a source directed at oft
reported but unconfirmed Russian
help—was the Chinese leader's only
mention of any foreign influence in
China's bitter civil war. It came in
one of his longest speeches since
the end of conflict with Japan—an
overall grim review of China's posi
tion.
Says Reds Unmask.
Generalissimo Chiang declared
hat the main Communist forces
‘must be annihilated within one
^ear.” He said the Reds had un
masked themselves by “exposing the
real aim of carving Chinese terri
tory into pieces to bring the country
down to ruin.”
In Peiping yesterday, Soviet
Consul Gene VI Sergei Tichvinsky
denied a Chinese general's accusa
tion that Russia is supplying light
arms and advice to Chinese troops.
Mr. Tichvinsky said his government
recognizes “only one government in
China—the national government.”
Generalissimo Chiang spoke with
a bitterness that is increasingly
noticeable whenever he discusses
the Communist “rebellion.”
_a x- c« n .>1 J
fT ailk ku uvv a. v/ » ^ —
“In their attempts to realize their
aims, they have shown not the
slightest hesitation at striking at
the very roots of our national life,”
the generalissimo said. “In upsetting
the social and economic foundations
• * • the Reds want to see wide
spread poverty and death in China
instead of peace and security.”
“In the northeast, although the
Communists have launched a num
ber of offensives, I am confident
that government troops will distin
guish themselves and, with ever
greater loyalty and bravery, win the
dnal triumph.”
Government's Schedule.
The government's schedule against
the Communists, he went on, “is
first to crush the organized main
forces and then proceed to weed
out roving bands of rebels in various
places.”
“Although we cannot expect im
mediate results in the military
operations, the main forces of the
Communist rebels must be anni
hilated within one year. After
ward, it may take two years to
clean up the remnants."
The generalissimo asserted that
the Communists were responsible
for China's critical economic diffi
culties, and urged “severe public
censure and sanctions” against busi-.
ness interests indirectly co-operating
with the Reds through failure to
observe government economic meas
ures. |
He added that full support of the
nation's general mobilization order
is the only means of assuring the
continued existence of China as “a
free and independent nation."
U. y Aids S Austrian bins
Delayed in Deadline Flight
LONDON, Dec. 31.—American im
migration authorities granted help
today to three Austrian girls, de
layed by plane engine trouble in
their race against time to love and
domes in the United States.
An act permitting fiancees of
former servicemen to enter the
Untied States expires at midnight.
The girls, en route from the Rus
sian Zone of Vienna, shed tears as
thev waited at the London airport
for repairs on their Pan American
clipper.
The transport company, however,
obtained special permission from
New York immigration authorities
by telephone for the girls to enter
after their delayed flight.
Miss Helene Buchanwald, 21, a
brunette, said:
•'It is not our fault the plane has
engine trouble. You can't send us
back now. Please phone our fiances.
I am sure they will do something,
even appeal to the president.
Her fiance is Bruce W. Olsen of
San Diego, Calif.
Miss Angela Huber, 19, is en route
to marry Harold Thoms, Butternut,
Wis., and Miss Ludowika Marchat
tinger's fiance is Wallace Wood,
Pierre, S. Dak.__
Safe Crackers Seize $2,040;
Cafe Man Fights Off Burglar
burg road N.E. ana nammerea open
a small safe with a meat cleaver.
J. Harvey Daly, personnel director
of the stores, said the burglars had
cut a screen and broken a panel
from a rear door to gain entry. The
robbery was discovered by the man
ager, Thomas Swan, when he
opened for business.
Mr Mastronichalis told police he
found a colored man looting his
safe when' he unlocked his cafe
about 6:15 a.m. He said the man
rushed him, knocked him to the
floor and struck at his head with a
chair as he lay on the floor, he was
able to ward off the blow with his
arm.
The burglar fled with some $40 in
bills he had taken from the safe.
Employes of the cafe later found a
dirty brown bag the intruder had
left behind in his haste. It con
tained about $60 in coins which
the man had removed from the
safe.
The burglar gained entrance by
forcing a transom over a side door.
i
General Electric Cuts
Prices 3 to 10 Pet. in^
Anti-Inflation Move
Action Is First Break
In Upward Price Scale
By Major Manufacturer
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, Dec. 31.—The
General Electric Co., expressing
the belief that business must
show the way in reversing the
inflationary spiral, will cut
prices from 3 to 10 per cent on
many home appliances begin
ning tomorrow.
The move—first break In the up
ward price march by a major
manufacturer—was1 hailed immedi
ately by Government spokesmen as
an important anti-inflationary step.
They urged other industries to fol
low suit.
Tne price cuts, announced yester
day by GE President Charles E.
Wilson, will affect about 40 per. cent
of the. firm's total business, includ
ing its output of refrigerators,
I n. • _ r. ii!_l.. r'r I
r i /tc-v- ui liny uj ui.
Praised by President
As Example to Others
President Truman today
praised the action of the Gen
eral Electric Co. in effecting 3
to 10 per cent price reduction.
He declared in a telegram to
Charles E. Wilson, General
Electric president, that the
move was “exeremely hearten
ing" and that should other con
/ cerns follow suit, it would be
“a real bulwark against rising
prices."
Mr. Truman told his news
conference Mr. Wilson had not
talked over the step with him
before taking it. He referred to
the General Electric head as an
old friend who had served as
vice chairman of the War Pro
duction Board and also headed
the Presideiit’s Committee on
Civil Rights which recently
completed its work.
ranges and home radio and tele
vision receivers. Mr. Wilson said
the reductions represent a savings
of some $50,000,000 annually at the
consumers’ level.
Snyder Praises Action.
In Washington, Secretary of the'
Treasury Snyder praised the GE de
cision as a “constructive step" and
added.
“I hope other industries and
businesses will promptly take simi
lar actions which will collectively
mark a definite halting of the up
ward sDiral of inflationary pres
sures.”
Coincident with the GE cuts,
mid-winter sales, listing substantial
reductions in some merchandise,
were under way in two Chicago mail
order houses, Sears Roebuck & Co.
and Montgomery Ward.
A Sears spokesman refused to
predict the price trend to be taken
by the regular 1948 spring and
summer catalog which will be
issued hi about 10 days.
The Sears sale listed price reduc
tions up to 20 and 33 f3 per cent.
Ward “Sale” Used Again.
A Montgomery Ward spokesman
said that although the firm’s sales
book does not emphasize cost cuts,
prices of items offered consumers
represent reductions of from 5 to
20 per cent. He said “during the
war we did not call it a sale book
because sometimes the prices were
just the same as in the catalog. We
put the word ‘sale’ back on it this
(See PRICES, Page A-5.)
Panama Names De Diegro
As Foreign Minister
By th« Associated Pr«s
PANAMA CITY Panama, Dec. 31.
—Mario de Diegro became Panama’s
new foreign minister today in a
shakeup which followed rejection
by the National Assembly of an
agreement for United States rental
of 14 canal defense bases.
Mr. De Diegro took a prominent
part in the lease negotiations as
undersecretary in the foreign min
istry, but President Enrique Adolfo
Jiminez told a news conference last
night that he did not believe the
time was right for new negotiations
on the bpes, which the United
States has evacuated.
r
Truman Sets Schedule
For Three Messages
President Truman today announced
the time table for the three mes
sages he will send to the new session
of Congress. He told his news con
ference that his State of the Union
message will go to’the Capitol on
January 7—the day after Congress
convenes: the economic message on
January 9 and the budget message
on Monday, January 12.
The President also said he ex
pected to send a special message to
Congress on the St. Lawrence
Waterway, which both the Roosevelt
and Truman administrations have
pushed unsuccessfully for several
years.
Pending submission of the State
of the Union message, the President
refused to discuss the issue of cut
ting taxes, telling questioners that
it would be handled in that docu
ment.
Solemnity to Mingle
With Revelry Tonight
In Greeting New Year
Rain Likely Tomorrow;
New Upswing in Travel
Gets Under Way Here
Solemn watch night services
and noisy revelry will be in con
trast tonight, as Washington
sends 1947 into history -and
greets hopefully the infant 1948.
The Weather Bureau's contribu
tion was a forecast of cloudy skies
tonight with a temperature not
lower than 38 degrees. Late cele
brants may find conditions less sat
isfactory tomorrow, when rain is
predicted.
Most of the North Central States
could look for a snowstorm and
flurries were predicted for New
Year’s Day in the northern Rocky
Mountain area.
Some churches have arranged to
combine entertainment and reli
gious rites.
Tomorrow a Feast Day.
Catholics were reminded that to
morrow is a holy day of obligation
and masses celebrating the Feast
of the Circumcision will be held in
all churches of the faith.
In the Capital’s after-dark pleas
ure domes, merrymakers will eat,
drink, dance, blow horns, shake
rattles and throw confetti. Then,,
with the new year hours old, they'll
go home with light pocketbooks and,
perhaps light hearts>
A new upswing in travel began
and is due to continue through
the week end, as students, Govern
ment workers and others able to
take extended holiday vacations
headed back to classrooms and
Advice to Celebrants.
Traffic Director George E. Ken
eipp offered the celebrants this ad
vice:
"The old formula—‘If you drink,
don’t drive: if you drive, don’t
drink’—still rates as the mo6t ef
fective New Year's eve traffic ac
cident prevention measure.”
“Contrary to popular belief, it is
the ‘drinking’ and not the ‘drunken’
driver who courts trouble,” Mr.
Keneipp added. "The person who
honestly believes he can drive bet
ter after a few drinks forgets that
only a small quantity of alcohol is
(See NEW YEAR'S, Page A-4.)
Russia Imprisons Seven
For Delaying Trains
■y th« Associated Press
MOSCOW. Dec. 31.—The Attor
ney General's office announced to
day that seven Soviet industrial
executives had been given prison
sentences of one to three years for
failing to organize the unloading
of freight cars efficiently, thereby
causing serious transportation de
lays.
The announcement was contained
in a special communique published
in all Soviet newspapers—obviously
as a warning to others.
The announcement al«o declared
that a special conference in the
Attorney General's office. Chief
Prosecutor Gorshenin had empha
sized that law enforcement officials
should insist on “exact fulfillment
of all Soviet laws by all officials
and citizens.”
Of the executive sentenced one
received three years, three received
two yean and three one year.
I
Second Convict Killed
By Police After 12 Flee
Colorado Penitentiary
6 Have Been Recaptured;
Guard and Woman
Beaten by Desperadoes
By the Associated Press
CANON CITY. Colo., Dec. 31.—
One more convict was killed and
another was wounded today as
armed men pushed through
snow and subfreezing cold in
search for desperate prisoners
still at large after a bloody
escape from the Colorado Peni
tentiary last night.
The score stood: Two convicts
shot to death, two wounded, four
recaptured and four still at large.
Orville J. Turley, 54-year-old
Denver murderer, was slain and
Richard F. Heilman, 24, a kid
naper, was wounded in the head
onH o rm whpn nfflrPr* nrttirPfi fl
hall of bullets Into a trailer house
nine miles east of Canon City.
Earlier, John Klinger. 43. a rob
ber, was shot and killed by police
in downtown Canon City. R. L.
Freeman, 23, a Pueblo kidnaper,
was wounded in the leg before sur
rendering in the mountains.
Woman Guard Wounded.
A woman and a prison guard
were seriously wounded and four
other guards were mauled brutally
after the dozen incorrigible con
victs broke to freedom from the
isolation section for the prison's
worst inmlites.
Still .at large this morning were
James B. Sherbondv. 28. an Eagle
County murderer; Harold Hatha
way. 27, Pueblo robber; Ernest La
Vergne, 31. Denver robber, and John
Smalley, 35, habitual criminal from
Denver.
* c. L. Robinson, a workman, was
alone in the trailer dwelling when
Turley and Heilman walked in, first
telling him: “We’re the law." Both
carried guns.
Was Not Threatened.
“Later they told me they were
escaped convicts," Mr. Robinson
said, “and that officers were close
behind them. They said they were
just interested in getting some food
and didn’t threaten me.
“Then some officers closed in on
the place and I hit the floor."
Mr. Robinson said Turley and
Heilman had fired only one or two
shots apiece at the officers outside
i Sep PRISON-BREAK, Page A-3.)
3 Charging False Arrest
Sue Policeman for $30,000
Suits seeking a total of $30,000
were filed in District Court yester
day against Police Pvt. Edward J.
Long of the 12th precinct, charging
false imprisonment of three persons.
The three plaintiffs are Mr. and
Mrs. Nicholas S. Box well, 14 R street
N.E., and James A. Clark, 222 E
street N.E., who charged that on
October 17 Pvt. Long entered the
Boxwell home, where Mr. Clark was
a guest, and arrested them on dis
orderly conduct charges.
All three were cleared of the
charges later when they appeared in
Municipal Court, the suit said. The
papers, filed through Attorney Myei
Koonin, asked $10,000 damages for
each.
At Police Trial Board proceedings
1 in November, Pvt. Long was cleared
of charges of conduct unbecoming
an officer in connection with the
case after the complainants pro
tested he entered their home with
out a warrant.
23 Students Wounded
In Rioting in Bombay
By th* Associated Press
BOMBAY, Dec. 31—Twenty-three
students were wounded today when
police fired into 1.200 delegates ol
the All India Students conference
who defied a government ban
against meeting at the Kamgai
Maidan grounds in the center of the
mill district.
The prohibition was placed tc
prevent communal incidents. The
students asserted there was no justi
fication for the ban.
The students rushed police lines
Officers in tUm charged them with
clubs and then resorted to tear ga
and bullets. Spectators outside the
grounds hurled stones at the police.
I
Anderson to Ask
End of Publicity
On Traders Lists
'Heartaches' of Small
Investors Given as
Reason for Action
By the Associated Press
Secretary of Agriculture An*
derson said today he will recom
mend soon that the Government
cease publishing names of grain
and other commodity traders be
cause of the “heartaches" and
injury it is causing small in
vestors.
Mr. Anderson told this to reporters
at the White House after a call on
President Truman.
Mr. Anderson said he would
recommend an end to publishing
the names as soon “as everybody is
satisfied we are not trying to shield
any one.”
Speculation is not illegal, ■ but
President Truman has spoken out
against "gambling" in grain.
Case of Doctor Cited.
Mr. Anderson made it clear that
he had not discussed his proposed
recommendation with the President
this morning.
One hardship case cited by the
Secretary was that of a small town
doctor who has written Mr. Ander
sen intimating plainly that he will
commit suicide because of the dis
grace if his name is published.
The letter from the doctor, whose
name was withheld, closed with
these words:
i am sorry 1 am nut camu*hm
enough to take this in stride but
life does not hold the promise for
me to try to live down this public
stigma after losing the money.
“My family will have my insur
ance at least, and they can move
elsewhere. My wife says I act like
a man condemned but she does not
know it is only a reprieve until the
day my name is published.
"You hold much potential hap
piness or heartache in your hands,
Mr. Secretary. May God guide and
have mercy on us both.”
Hundreds of Letters Received.
Mr. Anderson said he had hun
; dreds of letters from people all over
I the country—small fry—who had
| invested > small savings in com
! modifies with no intention of doing
; wrong.
The accumulation of such invest
ments, he said, had caused rise#
i in prices and in making public hi#
list, it had to cover traders as they
were found.
| Mr. Anderson said he hopes that
a list to be made public in a few
days “giving all the big traders in
i all commodities," will be the last
one. He said the list will contain
more than 1,000 names.
Expressing hope that everybody is
convinced that “we are not trying
to protpet any one," the Secretary
said that "I don't care to go on
with this if the people are satis
fied."
Mr. Anderson, in telling about the
small-town doctor, said the man
had told him he had lost money on
dealings in corn and cotton, and
urged that his name not be made
public. The Secretary said he re
plied that “the rain must fall on
the just as well as the unjust" and
that he had no alternative.
Deplores “Pawing” Over Names.
Secretary Anderson, referring to
the lists that have been published,
said “I hate to have these names
pawed over" and recalled that in
the latest list the names of a Robert
T. Patterson appeared $nd people
were likely to jump at conclusions
and assume that this was former
Secretary of War Robert P. Pat
terson.
“I hope we have gone far enough
to show we are not trying to snieia
any one," Mr, Anderson said.
Congress, shortly before adjourn
ing its special session, adopted a
resolution authorizing Mr. Anderson
to make the names public.
There had been public charges
that Government "insiders'’ were
profiting from grain trading.
Truman Backs Graham.
Mr. Truman at a news conference
earlier today had said he does not
i think Brig. Gen. Wallace H.
.Graham, his personal physician, did
anything wrong when Gen. Gra
ham's broker speculated in Wheat
futures on his account.
Gen. Graham's name was on a
list made public Monday. Gen.
Grahapp said his broker bought
wheat for him without his knowl
edge.
Reporters brought up that fact at
~3ee~SPECtTLATION, Page~A-5.r
Four Days Left to Buy
Track Meet Tickets
Only four days remain to
obtain tickets for The Evening
Star Track Meet at the Na
tional Guard Armory at Eight
eenth and East Capitol streets
Saturday. January 3, at 8 p.m.
The meet will give Washington
a prevue of many of the run
ners who will represent the
United States in the Olympic
Games.
Tickets may oe naa at Anay
Farkas’ Sport Shop, 2131 Penn
sylvania avenue N.W.; Irving’s,
Tenth and E streets N.W.;
Kneessi & Adler, 822 Fifteenth
street N.W.; Stadium Phar
macy, 130 Nineteenth street
S.E.; Touchdown Club, Uni
versity Club, Army and Navy
Club, Junior Board of Com
merce office in The Star Build
ing, the Twelfth Street YMCA.
the athletic office at Howard
University and the business
counter in the lobby of The
Star Building.
Reservations may be made
by mail or telephone at Room
724, The Evening Star Build
ing. Checks should be made
out to The Evening Star
i Games and all mail orders will
be filled promptly. Phone res- }
I ervations will be held until 5 I
I pm. Friday. • J

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