Supporters to Give
Millions to Campaign,
Democratic sources predicted to
day the independent presidential
candidacy of Henry A. Wallace
would have a “healthy effect" in
spurring the Democrats to renewed
activity. These predictions coin
cided with a declaration by the
former Vice President that he ex
pected millions in donation* from
all classes of society to promote his
The former New Deal Vice Presi
dent and cabinet officer also offered
a seven-point “Wallace plaiV as an
alternative to the "Marshall plan”
to restore war-torn Europe.
The proposed plan would be ad
ministered by the United Nations.
Among other things it would give
Russia a voice in the administra
tion of Germany's rich Ruhr region,
where it now has no direct control, j
Other developments along the j
political front saw the budding!
Wallace presidential bid approved
and criticized, while in Illinois the
Democrats got a running start for
1948 by naming a State ticket head-;
ed by Paul H. Douglas. University!
of Chicago economist, and Adla,1
Stevenson, alternate United States
delegate to the United Nations, for
Senator and Governor, respectively.;
The optimistic view of the Wal-i
lace candidacy from the Democra
tic. viewpoint came from Senator
Sparkman of Alabama, who headed
the Congressional Speakers' Bu
reau in the 1946 campaign.
“Too many times in the past we1
have been inclined to go to sl$ep.
resting on the assumption that!
some groups outside the party or
ganization would provide the votes
we needed in vital States,'' Sena
tor Sparkman told a reporter.
“In some places the violently vo
cal left wing, which was in the
minority, was allowed to get hold
of the party machinery. Mr. Wal
lace's entry will cut these elements
off and the regular Democrats can
take over again. It's a purge we
As an example. Senator Spark
man said he thinks the Democrats,
relied too strongly on American La- j
bor Pam help in New York in the i
past The ALP may indorse Mr. i
Wallace, but in doing so would lose,
a large segment, of its strength by
the departure of the Amalgamated J
Clothing Workers who oppose a
Aids Truman, Lucas Says.
Similarly. Senator Lucas, Demo-J
crat, of Illinois the minority whip,
said in Chicago that he thinks Mr.j
Wallace's entry has "immeasurably \
strengthened President Truman s
position” by isolating the left wing
“Regardless of what Republican
campaign orators may sav about the
Democratic Party under Mr. Tru
man's leadership. Senator Lucas de- \
dared, “it has never been infested j
with Communists or Communist i
The Wallace forecast of a huge
campaign fund was contained in an
editorial in the Nev. Republic Mag
azine which also announced his
resignation as editor. -
Not Worried About Money.
Repudiating talk that his cam
paign is doomed to failure because
of lack of funds. Mr. Wallace said
"I am not worried about money be
cause I know that we shall get nnl
’•lions of dollars donated by house
wives, stenographers, professional
‘people, workers and shop stewards
and others who will work w'ith a
devotion big money can't buy."
His plan for European recovery i
was outlined in a speech last night
in Milwaukee before a Wisconsin
citizens for Wallace meeting. He
said he originally favored the Mar
shall plan, but that in its present
form there are "fatal differences."
The former Vice President said
the "Wallace plan" would be
financed by all nations "possessed of
' the means" and administered by a
special agency of the U. N. He said
priority in the allocation of funds
'should be given to nations "which
suffered most severely from Axis ag
gression" and "without regard to
the character of the politics and
social institutions of the recipient
Nn Political Conditions.
He specified that there would be
“no political or economic conditions
attached to loans or grants" and
that none of the money should be
used for "military supplies, arma
ments or war preparations."
Mr. Wallace said at a news con
ference that Senator Taylor. Demo
crat. of Idaho would be "marvelous ’
as a running mate Senator Taylor
previously said he was considering
running for Vice President on a
Mr. Wallace received a 2-jmnute
standing ovation from the crowd
of 3 600 when he appeared on the
platform. He also drew brief, loud
cheers during and after his address
PC'A to Meet in January.
Where any third party ticket
would get its official start remained
in doubt. Some pointed to the or
ganization meeting of the Progres
sive Citizens of America, scheduled
for January 16 in Chicago, as a pos
sible base for this take-off.
With or without a formal ticket.
Wallace seemed likely to get on the
‘ ballot in key States. If he gets the
ALP indorsement in New York, he
■ will need no further action there.
In California, Wallace supporters
would need petitions signed by only
27,597 persons, or the registration of
an equal number of voters on his
ticket to get on the ballot.
Slightly fewer signatures, 25,000,
are needed in Illinois, but it w’ould
talc* .60 000 in Massachusetts.
Old Breaks Reopened.
Mr. Wallace also appeared as
sured of a place on the Oregon bal
lot, but his candidacy has reopened
old breaks in Democratic Party
Thomas Moore, PCA executive
secretary, said Mr. Wallace’s name
would go on the ballot either as an
independent or as a third party
nominee. Some Democratic leaders
have been active Wallace boosters.
Mr. Wallace could become an offi
cial candidate in Iowa, his home
'State, if two voters held a “con
vention" and nominated him.'
Few politicians thought Mr. Wal
lace would bother much about
Iowa, but believed he would take
advantage of Washington State's
provision for a nominating conven
tion of 25 or more voters.
While the CIO's National Maritime
Unidn post in New York and four
Maryland CIO unions indorsed Mr
Wallace. John Green, president of
the CIO Industrial Union and
Marine and Shipbuilding Workers
faid at Camden, N. J., that Mr. Wal
lace's entry in the race is "re
At Princeton, N. J., Dr. Frank
MILWAUKEE.—WALLACE AND ROBESON AT RALLY—Henry
A. Wallace pictured as he shook hands with Paul Robeson,
singer and actor, before addressing a meeting at Milwaukee
Auditorium last night. Mr. Robeson preceded Mr. Wallace with
songs and a brief speech. The meeting was sponsored by the
“Wisconsin Citizens for Wallace Club.” —AP Wirephoto.
Kingdom former national co-chair- \
man of the Progressive Citizens ofj
America, said Mr. Wallace's can
didacy "has been fostered by the
Communists for the direct purpose
of dividing and confusing American
But in San Francisco, Harry
Bridges. Australian-born president
of the CIO International Longshore
men’s and Warehousemen's Union,
said that "win. lose or draw, Mr.
Wallace will bring to the 1948 elec
tion the Roosevelt touch and in
spiration. something that the leaders
of the present major parties never
have had and the last thing they
In Detroit, a group of officers
within the CIO United Auto Work
j ers largest local indorsed the Wal
lace candidacy, apparently acting
independently of the international
union, afid the Michigan Citizens
Committee, an old Roosevelt organ
ization. scheduled a Wallace rally
for January 7.
The International UAW has taken
on the Wallace candidacy, but
President Walter P. Reuther has
been cool toward it.
Co-Ordination Moved planned.
In San Francisco, Hugh Bryson,
chairman of the projected Independ
ent Progressive Party of California,
said Wallace supporters are plan
ning to co-ordinate the activities
of the various Wallace State groups.
In .Los Angeles, Senator McGrath
of Rhode Island, chairman of the
Democratic National Committee, de
clared. "true liberals" will not sup
port Mr. Wallace's third party move
"It is hard to account for this
change in a man who was one of
the most vigorous opponents of ap
peasing Hitler," Senator McGrath
told a press conference. "He must
know that a vote for Wallace under
the term expressed is a vote for
1 the things for which Stalin, Molo
tov, and Vishinsky stand.”
Two Fighter Pilots Killed
In Salute Flight Collision
By the Associated Press
TOKYO, Dec. 31.—Two fighter
pilots killed in the collision of their
P-51s over Southern Honshu Sunday
were identified by the Army today
as Lt. Col. Richard A. Claine of
Statesville. N. C., and Capt. Alex-'
ander Ristich. Akron. Ohio.
District of Columbia—Consider
able cloudiness but some sunshine
with highest about 50 this after
noon. Mostly cloudy tonight with
lowest near 38. Tomorrow rain and
Virginia—Cloudy tonight and to
morrow with rain tomorrow begin
ning over west portion late tonight.
Not so cold tonight and somewhat
colder west and north portion to
Wind velocity, 5 miles per hour;
'American Automobile Association.'
Roads clear in Virginia. Maryland and
West Virginia except for a lew slippery
places on secondary road* in the moun
tains of West Virginia
'From U fi. Engineers.)
Potomac Riv*r clear at Harpers Ferry
and at Great Falls; Shenandoah clear at
Yesterday— Ceir. Today— Cent
Noon 41 Midniaht 68
4 p.m. 40 R *.m. _ 80
8 p.m. _ 5# 1:30 p.m. - 48
High and Lon for Yesterday.
High. 30. at 3:26 p.m.
Low. 22. at 6:5« a m.
Raeord Temperatures Tbit Year.
Hiaheat. 06. on August 14.
Lowest. 7. on February 5.
(Furnished by United States Coast
and Geodetic Survey.)
. Today. Tomorrow
High ... __ . ... 10:4} a m. -
1 tow __ 5:15 a.m. -
High _ 11:10 p.m. -
Low 8 :30 p.m -
The Sun and Moon.
Sun. today 7:27 4:55
Sun. tomorrow * :*-H 4
Moon, today 0:3? p m lo:46 a.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on
one-half hour after sunset.
Monthly precipitation in inches In ine
Capital (current month to date):
Month 1947. Aver Record
January - 31} 3.6} 7.83 '37
February 1.2< 3.3« 6.84 84
ESeh ---------- 102 .7.75 8.S4 91
Ki-,l 2.411 2.27 9 1.7 '89
uSr 4.44 .7*0 io.*f» sm
;un« Z Z-.— 6.8ft 4.1.7 10.94 00
July _.7,47 4.71 10.6.7 '8#
Auiuit - 1.81 4.01 1*41 28
September -4.10 3.24 1..4S ,.74
October _ 1.23 2.84 8.81 87
November 4:20 2.37 8.69 *89
December _-- 1 36 3.32 <.56 01
Temperatures in Various Cities.
High. Low High. Low
Albuqueraue*' 51 25 Miami -- 75 <2
Atlanta 64 43 Milwaukee 36 \
Atlantic City 4(t •**.<» New Orleans M
Bismarck - 57 20 New York .32 \<
Boston _28 21 Norfolk _ 34
Buffalo 23 Okla City 42 29
Chicago 4 8 30 Omaha *> 9
Cincinnati 5m 46 Phoenix 53 3\
Detroit . 34 26 Pittsburgh 48 46
El Paso 64 33 Portland 28 16
Galveston . 69 62 St. Louis 61 32
Harrisburg 31 26 Sait L. City 30 12
Indianapolis 79 35 Sa i Antonio /I 6,
Kan?. City 5t» 21 8. Francisco 56 30
Los Angeles 6«i 40 Seattle 44 4(j:
Louisville 5 7 52 Tampa 7 5 56
May Set Off Michigan
By the Associoted Press
Senator Vandenberg is likely to
touch off a Republican scramble in
Michigan with a forthcoming an
nouncement that he does not want
to be his State's "favorite son" can
didate for President.
Politicians long have known that
Senator Vandenberg planned even
tually to ask the Michigan Repub
lican organization not to give him
its formal backing at the Philadel
phia nominating convention in June.
There are indications the Senator
will make this request in a New
Year's letter to party leaders.
This will be the signal for con
testing groups to go into Michigan
openly in- search of support for
Previously, their efforts have been
hampered by the fact that while
Vandenberg had taken himself
about as far out of the presidential
race as he could without a flat dec
laration that he would spurn a
proffered nomination, he had not
officially cleared the field in his
The Vandenberg letter is expected
to be so definite on this score that
Gov. Dewey of New York. Senator
Taft of Ohio and former Gov.
Stassen of Minnesota and any
others who may have had workers
operating quietly for them will be
able to come out in the open.
In removing himself as a "favorite
son” candidate, Senator Vandenberg
is not expected to express any pref
erence among Republican presiden
The result may be an uninstructed
Michigan delegation which could
vote solidly for Senator Vandenberg
in the early balloting until it sees
how the convention wind is blowing.
For despite the Senator's asser
tion that he is not a candidate and
does not intend to become a candi
date, the suspicion apparently still
lingers that Senator Vandenberg
might be drafted under certain cir
Bar Group Considers 25
For Judge Margold's Place
A Selection Committee of the Dis
trict Bar Association is considering
more than 2 attorneys in the search
for a candidate to replace the late
Judge Nathan R Margold on the
Municipal Court bench.
George E. McNeil, president of the
association, said the group's recom
mendation of a candidate will be
entirely in the hands of a Judicial
Selection Committee, headed by
Hugh Obear. The committee’s rec
ommendations will be made to
Attorney General Clark, who, In
turn, will submit a selection ta
Mr. McNeil said his only hope was
that the selection be made from local
attorneys, "to get a judge familiar,
with our practices and problems
Godfrey L. Munter, secretary of
the Selection Committee, said the
group has held several meetings but
that there is no indication as yet
when the recommendations will be
Lack of Animals Hampers
German Medical Research
iy th* Associated frm
BERLIN.—German medical re
search has been drastically ham
pered by the lack of experimental
animals such as guinea pigs, rabbits
Recently, the Central Health Ad
ministration in the Russian zone
appealed to Germans to dortate
rabbits to experimental laboratories,
but Germans in these tough times
apparently prefer to eat them. I
Only one man came to the Ropert
Koch Institute, one of Germany's
best, and offered a grown rabbit and
five young ones for 175 marks, a
The Robert Koch Institute is one
of the city laboratories in Germany
which has facilities for producing
serum against rabies. However, the
shortage of rabbits needed to make
the serum is so great that it can
deliver the serum only if it is com
pensated wdth a rabbit.
Overweight people are particularly
subject to diabetes.
Jews and Arabs Build
Bigger Armed Forces
As Six More Are Killed
By th« Associated Press
j JERUSALEM, Dec. 31—Six
! persons met violent deaths in
the Holy Land today as Jews and
Arabs continued a bitter war of
reprisals and counter-reprisals
touched oft by the United Na
tions’ month-old decision to
The killings raised to 487 the toll
of fatalities in Palestine since the
historic decision was announced on
In Tel Aviv a young Jew was
found shot to death in a park. Three
Jews—one a young newsboy deliver
ing copies of an English language
Zionist paper—and an Arab were
killed in isolated outbreaks of
violence in Jerusalem.
The death of a British*constable,
wounded in a bombing in Jerusalem
several days ago, accounted for the
day’s sixth fatality.
Bus Sprayed With Gunfire.
Two Jews were wounded when a
bus was sprayed w'ith gunfire and
then bombed near the Arab office
in Jerusalem. An Arab bus also was
there were no casualties.
Meanwhile, behind the scenes in
this communal war, both sides were
quietly building up their armed
forces for an anticipated showdown.
Recruiting of Jewish youths be
tween 17. and 25 was launched in
Jerusalem today, and a Jewish
spokesman said he expected 8,000 to
10.000 armed men soon would be
available for security duties.
-Abdul Ader Husseini Bey, cousin
of the exiled Grand Mufti and chief
organizer of the Arab armed forces
in Palestine, claims to have 100.000
men under arms in the Holy Land
and is reported to be recruiting more
at an average of 300 daily,
j Arabs Aoopt German Pattern.
I Popularly known as “The Bey"—
an honorary Arabic title roughly
corresponding to count, he is well
versed in military lore as a result
'of associations with the Iraqi and
! with the Germans. He says the
Arab army will be organized on the
German pattern, with modern
The Bey disclaims responsibility
for any of the Arabs’ guerilla ac
tivities during the last month. As
his chief lieutenant explained it:
“Do you think we would send a
! few boys when we wanted to do a
| job? We have not yet begun to
fight. We have yet to prove that
i this time the Arabs are not bluff
He indicated that the Bey’s forces
were waiting to be joined in an
anti-Jewish drive by a "people’s
army" now' .said to be forming in
Syria. The united forces, he said,
will be known as the Yarmuk army
—after the little river on the banks
of which Moslem forces won their
greatest victory over the Byzantines.
The Yarmuk emblem, he added,
will be an eagle surmounting three
I Hi V lucuuca U1 ninu cuut.-w
are obvious in the old city of Jeru
salem. There are Bren gun posts
atop at least two-score Arab build
ings with gun sights leveled at the
In the fashiopable Katamon resi
dential section, owned mostly by
Arabs, there are gun posts in the
upstairs rooms of a dozen homes.
British Plan to Take 2 Ships
To Cyprus, if Captured
JERUSALEM, Dec. 31 UP)—'The
Palestine government announced to
i day that two cargo ships loaded
with 15,000 visaless Jewish refugees,
; now reported en route to the Holy
Land, would be escorted directly to
, Cyprus if intercepted by British
naval vessels in Palestine waters.
Heretofore Jewish immigrants try
ing to enter the Holy Land in
defiance of British immigration re
strictions have been landed at Haifa
and transferred to British ship6 for
removal to detention camps on
Dispatches from Istanbul last
, night said the two vessels—identi
fied as the Pan York and the Pan
Crescent—had moved out into the
Aegean Sea after taking nearly 48
hours to pass through the Dar
Gromyko Urges U. N. to Act
Swiftly on Palestine
NEW YORK, Dec. 31 OP).—Andrei
A. Gromyko, Soviet representative
to the United Nations, called on
Britain last night for prompt admit
tance to . Palestine of the.U. N.
Special Commission set up to super
vise partition of the Holy Land.
The Russian official, speaking at
a dinner of the American Committee
of Jewish Writers, artists and scien
! lists, said it was reported the Brit
ish planned not to admit the U. N.
Commission until "British troops
are withdrawn from considerable
areas—May 1 or June 1, 1948.”
"Such a situation cannot be con
sidered as normal," Mr. Gromyko
Daughters of America Hold
New Year's Fete Tomorrow
The State Council, Daughters of
America, will hold its annual New
Year s reception from 4 to 6 p m. to
morrow in the home of Russell Bar
bour, 4616 Forty-sixth street N.W.,
a son of Mrs. Agnes Barbour. State
Mrs. Barbour and Mrs. Stella
Graham, associate State councilor,
will head the receiving line. The
guests also will be greeted by Mrs.
;Mary Hansen, State vice councilor;
Mrs. Catheiine Skinner, associate
‘ vice councilor; Mrs. Thelma Hender
son, State conductor; Mrs. Elizabeth
Grubbs, State warden; Mrs. Addle
Cash, State inside sentinel; Mrs.
Nora Lee, jr.. past State councilor,
and Mrs. Grace Reed, associate Jun
ior past State councilor.
Among those who %ill be re
ceived are Mrs. Naomi E. Swann,
national judiciary’; Mrs. Mabel Vaux.
national treasurer; S. Belle Gibson,
national deputy; Mrs. Margaret
Taylor, national committee, and
Mrs. Charles H. Miller, District of
Columbia State treasurer. »
Mrs. Myrtle Case will be in charge
of the music. Refreshments will be
served by Mrs. Audrey Hyler and
j Mrs. Agnes Linskey._
Molotov Places Blame
For London Parley's
Failure on U. S.
By tb» Associated Press
MOSCOW, Dec. 31.—Full blame
for the collapse of the recent Lon
don Foreign Ministers' Conference
was charged to the United States
today by Soviet Foreign Minister
Molotov, who declared that only
the Russian delegation's efforts kept
it from being entirely fruitless.
In a long, three-part statement,
published in the Russian press and
broadcast by the Moscow radio, the
Russian foreign minister declared
that the reasons for failure to arrive
at an agreement on a German peace
treaty were not accidental.
"They reflect,” he said, "two dif
ferent approaches to the German
He repeated the charges he made
at the Big Four Conference in Lon
don. which broke up December 15
after 17 sessions without agree
ment. Molotov declared that plots
were afoot to make Germany, or at
least the western part of it, "the
object of a certain American plan
Says Billions Are Promised.
"Germany,” he continued, "is
being promised billions of dollars in
the guise of economic restoration.
American Senators and all kinds of
other American businessmen, who
are bossing the Western zones and
helping big business more deeper
into the industry and banks of
Western Germany, are passing
Judgment on and deciding the
affairs of Germany.
X v itv) n aiou io ivtiv/ TT II him i uv/t uui
power in the Anglo-American zones
is being transferred from United
Anglo-American organs directly to
Americans, who have accumulated
Mr. Molotov said assertions that
solution of the reparations question
— (Russia wants 10 billion dollars)—
is difficult because of lack of in
formation from the Soviet zone "are,
of course, baseless.”
Charges American Disruption.
He charged that the American
delegation "undertook to disrupt the
entire work of the London Confer
ence” because “for some reason"
the United States was anxious to
delay settlement of Germany's
(Secretary’ of State Marshall,
in a broadcast report to the
United States on December 19,
blamed Mr. Molotov for the fail
ure of the London Conference,
asserting that the Russians dis
played "no apparent will to reach
Although Mr. Molotov agreed that
the London Conference was a fail
ure. he denied that it was fruitless.
"At present,” he declared, "allega
tions are being made that the dis
cussion concerning the preparation
of a German peace treaty at the
London session was fruitless, al
[ though this does not correspond to
Cites Soviet Efforts.
“This session, chiefly through the
offArfc r\f fho QAtrlof rinlboatinn
adopted a number of decisions in
which progress was made in co
j ordinating the attitudes of the four
governments in regard to the pro
cedure for the preparation of a
peace treaty with Germany.
"For some reason, this is now
being passed over in silence. Con
sideration of this matter was not,
however, completed, since the
American delegation hurriedly un
dertook to disrupt the entire work
| of the London Conference.
“The London Conference ended
in failure,” Mr. Molotov said.
"Quite a few attempts have been
made to charge the U. S. S. R. with
responsibility for this. Nothing
came of it. Responsibility for the
failure of the London session rests
with leading circles of the United
States of America. In this case
again Mr. (Foreign Secretary
Ernest) Bevin (of Britain) and Mr.
(Foreign Minister Georges) Bidault
(of France) followed Mr. Marshall.”
Lemon Temporarily Heads
Children's Hospital Board
James H. Lemon, investment
broker, has been named temporary
head of the Board of Directors of
Children’s Hospital, It was an
will assume the
duty during the
illness of Wilson
B. Nairn, presi
dent of the
board. He was
A member of
the board for
eight years. Mr
Lemon is a
partner in the
firm of John
ston, Lemon and »*r. lemon
Co., and is chairman of District II
of the National Association of Se
curity Dealers, covering Maryland.
Virginia, North Carolina and the
During the 1945 and 1946 Red
Cross campaigns, he served as chair
man of the residential area.
I Mr. Lemon belongs to the Metro
politan and University Clubs, and
is treasurer of the Princeton Club
Forrestal Returns Today
From Business Vocation
Defense Secretary Forrestal was
scheduled to return to Washington
today, after a Christrhas vacation in
Florida and an inspection of twro Air
En route to West Palm Beach. Mr.
F'prrestal visited Eglln Field, Fla.
On his return trip he inspected
Maxwell Field. Ala. It was his first
official inspection of any defense in
; stallations since talcing office as de
The Federal Spotlight
4 Resign, 2 Cleared in FBIs
First Full-Scale Loyalty Probes
By Joseph Young
The FBI has completed its first six full-scale Investigations
in the Federal loyalty program.
Here is what has happened in these initial ca^es. Four of
the employes resigned, presumably when they learned that they
were to be fully investigated by the FBI. The other two were found
to UC VI Uioivvoitj, |
and their agencies have been in-,
formed of this fact.
These first cases resulted f»om the
initial batch of the thousands of
tion forms filed
workers. And it
would seem to
bear out the
that only a verv
small minority of
ployes Vtll have •
to be fully in
they fill out
forms. Jo«*ph Torni*.
Here are some interesting statis
tics about the FBI's-participation in
loyalty cases involving Government
employes from 1939 up until the
present loyalty program went into
effect. During that time, the FBI
invest isa ted 6.296 Federal emDloves.
about whose loyalty there was some
Of this number only 109 w’ere
found by the FBI to be disloyal and
were dismissed from their Jobs. An
other 1,949 workers left the Gov
ernment service before the investi
gations were completed. FBI offi
cials point to these statistics in the
6.296 cases as proof that the bu
reau always has been careful to
protect innocent employes and to
scotch unfounded charges.
* * * *
GSI PROBE STATUS—During the
last few weeks, there have been per
sistent reports on Capitol Hill that
the Senate Civil Service subcom
mittee investigating the affairs of
Government Services. Inc., would
quietly drop its investigation.
According to the reports, the sub
committee headed by Senator Bald
win, Republican, of Connecticut,
feels that various operative changes
made ty GSI during the past few
months had accomplished the de
sired changes in the operation of
Government cafeterias here.
These reports, however, have been
denied by George D. Riley, the com
mittee's staff director, who said the
group is busily engaged in writing
the second phase of its report on
GSI activities and hopes to have it
completed next month.
At any rate, the committees
50X33 Army Officers
Used as 'Guinea Pigs'
In New Rating Tests
By Thomos R. Henry
Star Staff Carr«»po«d*nt
CHICAGO, Dec. 31—An entirely
new system of semiannual ratings
for all Army officers, on which pro
motions and retention in the service
largely depend, has been put into
It is designed to remove, so far as
humanly possible, all bias in the
judgments of superior officers on
their inferiors. The system results
from a two-year research project1
carried out by more than 100 profes
sional psychologists both in the
United States and Europe.
The new rating scale was de
scribed to the American Association
for the Advancement of Science to
day by Dr. E. K. Taylor, now direct
ing the project under the Adjutant
Generals Office. This project was
described as by far the largest ever
conducted in the field of personnel
More than 50,000 officers have
been the unconscious “guinea pigs”
in the experiment.
The crucial point of the new sys
tem is based on a clever trick. An
officer is given four statements about
the man he is rating in each of the
categories which supposedly are
significant criteria of military lead
ership. Two are complimentary and
two derogatory. He is asked to^
designate which statement comes
nearest to describing the man being
reviewed and which describes him
Almost always he marks one ofi
the derogatory statements as least
applicable An example of two such
statements given by Dr. Taylor:
"Doesn’t listen to suggestions" or
"Drives instead of leads.”
Now it has been determined by
intensive studies of the 50.000 officers
used in the experiment that one of
these derogatory statements has no
meaning. “It is a "plant.” Dr. Tay
lor himself doesn't know which of
the two is significant. That can be
known only by consulting a key
locked in the Adjutant General's
It may be that disinclination
to listen to suggestions is equally
characteristic of good and bad
officers, while a tendency to drive
rather than lead is found only
among bad officers. If the rater
marks the indifferent statement as
least applicable to the officer, he
unwittingly rates him on the one
Under this system, a man may
condemn some of his best personal
friends and boost a man he dislikes
personally. He never can know
which he has done, or what some
body else has done to him. Thus a
possible caufe of much friction is
This is only one feature of the
future course In the Investigation
probably will be clarified next week
by Senator Baldwin when he returns
here for the opening of Congress.
* * * *
THEt ALL WANT OUT—An over
whelming majority of Government
employes dismissed from their jobs
have taken advantage of their newly
acquired right to withdraw their
contributions from the civil service
A total of 41,121 out of 50,000 Gov
ernment employes eligible to with
draw their money from the fund
have done so, according to Civil
Service Commission figures.
The figures are especially inter
esting. inasmuch as some Govern
ment officials were violently opposed
to withdrawal rights when such
legislation was first proposed. They
took the view that the employes
would be much better off if they
left their money in the retirement
fund, thus becoming eligible for full
pensions when they reached retire
But employes apparently ainer
with this view, deciding that they
need the money now to tide them
over the jobless period they are
facing. Incidentally, The Star led
the successful campaign which saw
Congress pass the legislation en
abling dismissed Federal workers
with less than 10 years of Govern
ment service to withdraw their re
tirement money if they want to.
* * * *
BREATHING SPACE—Visitors to
the Civil Service Commission these
days will hardly recognize the old
Since the war the main build
ing’s corridors have been lined with
hundreds of file cases which contain
the service records of the 2,000,000
employes on the Federal payroll.
There was no doubt that the flies
were an eyesore, cluttering up the
corridors as they did. But not until
last week were commission officials
able to arrange to have the files re
moved to one of the temporary
buildings on the Mall.
Now the corridors seem so' wide
and roomy that one ofllcial says he
feels he is working in a different
building. Incidentally, the commis
sion says that, if any Government
employe desires any record informa
tion, he should still apply to Room
151 in the main building.
new rating scale. Others are more
conventional. The system became
official July 31, Dr. Taylor said.
First widespread use will come this
winter during the semiannual rat
ing of all officers.
Last night, the scientists heard
Dr. Glen T. Seaborg of the Univer
sity of California say that all the
elements in the atomic table, rang
ing from hydrogen to uranium now,
have been isolated, although some
only in synthetic form because of
Up to the time of atomic fission,
there were four gaps in the table.
There is a real possibility of syn
thesizing still other elements heavier
than uranium. Dr. Seaborg said.
bultstream Park entries
ly the Associated Press
First Post. Ill AM BBT.
Weather Clear: Track. Fast.
FIRST RACE—Purse. $2.41111; claiming:
4-year-olds and up: 6 furlongs
Mibob _ 11T Hogan 117
Menelther_ 111) Wise Decision _ 1 Hi
Mel Indian .117 xSpy 8nare ins
Princess Nell 105 xCleverette 105
Little Bunny 105 Pilgrim Maid 105
Lovi Lovi 112 XO Girl 10.3
SECOND RACE—Purse. $3,000: claim
ing: 4-year-olds and up: H furlongs.
Richwood Boy 111 xVrondi 104
Shitty Mae lo7 Rockwood Argo I 1.3
Red Board _ 113 xShirt Band lo;
xWise Friz lor Swing Maid 105
Carmel Town 112 Bronze Medal 105
Fighting Don 114
THIRD RACE—Purse. $3,000: claiming;
4-year-olds and up: 6 furlongs
Baguio __ 113 xPilates M;ss 105
Ruling Time 11# Leslnian.- 10R
One Blue 110 Cardigan 111
Olory Be ... 107 xTopnotch 110
xBurning Twig 112 Mannequin 114
FOURTH RACE—Purse. $3,500: allow
ances: 4-year-olds and up: 0 furlongs
Roberto _ 117 Alworih 112
xPompeian_ 110 xCencerro 113
Rocky Play 112 xBilly Bumps 117
x a Poignancy . 110 xGregalach ion
g a Albulil 107 Master Bid 117
a H. Ac 8. Stable entry.
FIFTH RACE—Purse. $5,000: allow
ances. 4-year-olds and uo: 7 furlongs
Amanecer 114 High Lea 112
Bellwether . 112 xTime Stitch . 105
a Wide Wing __ 170 Eb .114
aGestapo 10ft clean Slate 115
a Marlet Stable entry.
SIXTH RACE — The Binging Tower
Handicap: purse. ST.AOO added: li-year
Montayr 112 Alacrity 102
• Fiery Sun IDS Olorv s Chance 107
Tight Soueere 11* Athlete 114
King Midas in* Allies Pal 110
• Noble Hero lit)
a L. Gerngross entry.
' SEVENTH RACE—Purse. *2.700: claim
ing: :i-year-olds 1 miles.
xFresh Breer* 104 Overpower 112
Flagstad 11* Mayes Riley 107
Gray Blen IK; Wee Clootie I ofi
xProud Reward 10". Gee Teecee 110
EIGHTH RACE—Purse *2.400: claim
ing: 4-year-olds and up: IV* miles.
Opening Bid 10H Everplaylul . 107
Time Up ... 11 ft xAdenos 117
• 8hootln Jo* lod Miss Bobolink low
Ootem . 122 xLlmehouse— 111
aOold Cache . low xCabourg ... H>4
xFighter Jack 107 xMr Flip 104
a H. Kamiskl and P. Wilber entry
x s pound* apprentice allowance claimed.
Horses listed in order ol post positions
I* Fears Reliable Service
Floors Repaired—Supplies Soli
inifi-20th Street N.W. Republic 1078
Order of Service Set
For Consecration of
O'Boyle in New York
By Caspar Nannes
The traditional, centuries-old or
der of service to be followed in the
consecration of the Most Rev. Pat
rick A. O'Boyle as the first Arch
bishop of Washington was made
public today by Msgr. John J. Ma
guire, chancellor of the Archdiocese
of New York. The consecration will
be held January 14 In St. Patricks
Cathedral, New York.
Francis Cardinal Spellman, Arch
bishop of New York, will be the
consecrator. Assistant consecrators
will be the Most Rev. John M. Mc
Namara. auxiliary bishop of Balti
more and Washington and pastor of
St. Gabriel's Church here, and the
Most Rev. Henry T. Klonowski,
auxiliary bishop of Scranton.
The Most Rev. Bryan J. McEnte
gart, Bishop of Ogdensburg. N. Y.,
| will preach the sermon.
To Head 165,000 Catholics.
The installation of Archbishop
O’Boyle as first Archbishop of Wash
ington will make him the spiritual
leader of 165.000 Catholics in the
District of Columbia and the adja
j cent Maryland counties of St. Marys,
P n vlar Deinen
Georges and Calvert.
He will be enthroned at the
Cathedral of St. Matthew the
; Apostle here on January 21 by the
: Apostolic Delegate, the Most Rev.
; Amleto Giovanni Cicognani. The
j Apostolic Delegate in 1939 installed
the late Most Rev. Michael J. Cur
ley there as the first Archbishop of
Baltimore and Washington.
Msgr. O'Boyle will occupy tem
porarily a suite of rooms in the
1 rectory of St. Patrick's Church here
until a permanent episcopal resi
dence has been acquired.
Procession to Start Services.
As archbishop of Washington
he will be the ecclesiastical author
ity over 82 parishes, 123 secular
priests, 580 priests of religious
orders, 569 brothers and 1.420
sisters of religious orders. He also
will have in his jurisdiction 26 high
schools. 57 elementary schools, 14
charitable institutions and agencies.
Among them will be Catholic Uni
versity and Georgetown University.
I The consecration services in New
York will begin with a pontifical
procession at 9:30 a.m. It will start
behind the high altar of St. Patrick's
Cathedral, proceed down the south
aisle to the rear of the cathedral
and then move up the center aisle.
A cross bearer and acolytes will
head the procession. They will be
students of Cathedral College and
i St. Joseph's Seminary. Brothers,
regular clergy, secular clergy, pro
vincials of religious communities,
diocesan curia, seminary faculty,
the monsignori, the abbots, the
bishops, the archbishops and the
papal chamberlains and knights
will follow in that order.
Then will come the officers of the
solemn pontifical mass. The mass
is celebrated in connection with
Episcopal consecrations to recall
the fact that the priesthood derives
its origin from the Sacrifice of Cal
vary. The consecrator and the con
secrated bishop will say the same
mass, and in receiving communion
share the same host and chalice.
The various parts of the consecra
tion ceremony will take place imme
diately before and during the mass.
Prior ot the mass the archbishop
elect will make his profession of
faith and take the oath of office.
After the procession has entered
the sanctuary. Cardinal Spellman
will ascend his throne at the main
altar and put on his mass vestments.
The archbishop-elect, accompanied
by the assistant consecrators, will
go to his private chapel at the side
of the main altar to be vested.
Historic Vestments to Be Worn.
The vestments to be worn by Msgr.
O'Boyle were those worn by Pope
Pius XII when he was consecrated
bishop by Pope Benedict VI. These
vestments were worn by Cardinal
Spellman when he was consecrated
bishop by Pope Pius XII. They are
now owned by Fordham University,
Cardinal Spellman's alma mater.
After the reading of the apostolic
mandate containing the Pope's au
thorization for the consecration,
| Cardinal Spellman will examine the
archbishop-elect on the tenets of his
After the epistle and the gradual,
Cardinal Spellman will return for a
ceremony before the middle of the
Following the litany, the arch
bishop-elect stands before the con
! secrator, who takes the open book
: of the Gospels and lays it on the
neck and shoulders of the bishop
The ceremony is concluded when
[the consecrator bestows the kiss of
peace on the new archbishop.
Among those attending the con
secration will be Mrs. Robert
Parks, an aunt, and her husband;
Stephen Muldoon. an uncle, and his
wife, all of Scranton. Pa., and two
cousins, Bernard O'Boyle, a first
cousin, and William Higgins, a sec
ond cousin, both of New York.
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