Newspaper Page Text
AFL Council Puts Off
Selection of Political Unit Head, Hits Soviet By James Y. Newton , , Star Staff Correspondent MIAMI. Jan. 31.—The AFL Exec utive Council recessed winter ses sions here today alter postponing until Monday selection of a di rector of the Federation's political league and loosing the fiercest blasts yet at Soviet Russia. The council put off consideration of the report of a selection sub committee recommending appoint ment of Andrew J. Biemiller of Wisconsin, former Democratic mem ber of the House, as director of Labor's League for Political Educa tion. There was opposition to Mr. Biemiller as head of the AFL's po litical activities, but there was no ' one else in sight for the Job, and subcommittee members seemed con-: ! fident he would be approved. Council members approved an Initial appropriation of >100,000 to establish a Nation-wide "informa tion and education" service. Compared to Naiiam. The blast at Russia described Soviet actions of the last two years as "obviously * * * preparations for offensive warfare." "Like Hitler s Nazism, the council stated, "the Stalin brand of Com -, munism must spread or perish. Itj is under an inner compulsion to attain world dominion to escape j extinction." The statement was intended as a warning to the Nation and along with it the council considered re-; vçrsing traditional AFL policy by Indorsing univeral military training. Actions of the council must be upanlmous, however, and a single member blocked the proposal. , Compromis* wotkm uni. A compromise was worked out which, while falling short of in dorsing peacetime training, had this ta^say: fThe peace we enjoy today has ne substance or security. The hor rors of a new war—a war of annihi lation—are being engineered be hjpd the screen of peace and may break out at any point at any time. -"Cognizant of these real dangers, tHe council has come to the con cision that America's normal peace piicies will have to be revised in aâfcordance with the requirements oC common sense national defense. Above all, our country and the free way of life for which it stands, nflist be safeguarded against any eventuality." ■The proposal that the Federation approve military training outright wire considering putting it oO until the spring council meeting. - "Fuel Oil (Continued From First Page.) will be 3,700,000 barrels. Average daily consumption of the Nation is 5.300,000 barrels. Secretary of Commerce Harriman also announced he has asked the stieel industry to help by setting aside part of its output for oil-well equipment and railroad cars. 'He asked that about 10 per cent of the steel production be placed on a^Jiigh priority basis for the oil, frtlght car, farm machinery and home building industries. The situation here should be fur tïjer eased with the arrival late today or tomorrow of 735,000 gallons οΓDiesel oil obtained as a loan from tljp Navy. This type oil may be burned in home furnaces. Standard Oil Co. said a barge was being loaded in Baltimore with 580, 000 gallons of No. 3 fuel oil and, barring trouble in the ice-laden Potomac, it should arrive early next week. Heavy oil supplies were increased yesterday with the arrival of 700,000 gallons for L, P. Steuart & Bro., which furnishes the Government end a large number of buildings and apartment houses. Standard Oil, another leading dealer in this type of oil. received 340,000 gallons. * Kerosene, Gasoline Arrive. ÎTwo Standard barges brought in 2®,000 gallons of kerosene, used as fdel in many homes. In addition, Standard received 1,664.000 gallons oÇ gasoline, another hard-to-get ptoducts. m _ ... , j *inree unui uuua ampa ii«icu bo ic2 -breakers continued to run inter ference for barges. Today the ice bti~' s were concentrating on mov irife empties downstream for reload ing and picking up any other barges tliey may encounter along the route. ZMr. Kennedy reported his Fuel OJ1 Committee was staying on top of the emergency distribution of oil. Home consumers unable to obtain oil, from their dealers have pur chased 198,000 gallons through the stockpile established with the co operation of five major companies. Only 20 Orders Unfilled. garly today the committee had on hand no more than 20 unfilled or riSfrs, despite the necessity for screening all applicants to determine giiiuine need. One of the requests the oil co ordinating committee sought to fill came from 37 residents of the Cher rjÇHill Trailer Camp on the Balti more road near Berwyn. All were oijft of kerosene. At Norfolk, 15 fully loaded coal ships were reported idle for lack of buhker-C oil. A 100.000-barrel sup ply of the fuel arrived today and was to be divided among the ships so ,they can move on short rations. There were about 119,000 gallons of No. 2 fuel oil on hand in the stockpile and something less than 20,000 gallons of kerosene. Because of the scarcity of kerosene, appli cants were cut from 50 to 25 gallons and Mr. Kennedy said it may be ivecçssary to reduce fuel oil from 100 to 500 gallons. 1,500 Hear Helen Jepson Sing From Boxing Ring * i By the A»so<iat#d Press SARASOTA, Pla., Jan. 31.—Heler Jepson. Metropolitan Opera soprano stepped between the ropes into th< white glare of a boxing ring last night and made a hit. She appeared in concert before t Btr^ing-room-only crowd of 1,50( mcac lovers who displaced thf usiail fight fans in the Americar Lejion Coliseum. Miss JepsOn had to use the im promptu concert hall as a result o; the ban placed on the Municipa Auditorium by the Tampa local ο thd American Federation of Musi cistis, AFL, last November. Miss Jepson is a member of thi Artists' Guild, but her accompanls Is Λ member of the Musicians' Union The ring was banked with flower for her appearance. ♦ WKÊmmmmmmmm NEW YORK. — RETURNS FROM INDIA—Turbaned Rus sell Ο. Haight, 26, of Denver, former Army sergeant, pro tected his ears against the cold on his arrival yesterday at La Guardia Field irom India, where he had been serving as a brigadier general in the Free Kashmir provincial army. He said he withdrew from the Kashmir fighting for financial reasons and to preserve his American citizenship. —AP Wirephoto. Crash (Continued Prom First Page.) dioed that it would be late because of headwinds. An airline official said the ship carried 23 passengers and 6 crew men. One passenger was Sir Arthur Coningham, retired British air mar shal and hero of the North African air war. The pilot was Capt. David Colby of England. Rescue pilota said flying condi tions were "far from ideal." They reported seas between 30 and 40 feet high. Clouds hampered visi bility. (In London the British Minis try of Civil Aviation said the aircraft was "presumed lost.") J. W. Booth, chairman of the BSAA here, said last night there was a "fair chance" of finding at least some of the passengers. Poor Visibility Cited. Mr. Booth told reportera that the plane might be able to remain afloat long enough for those aboard to get into life rafts. Poor visibility, he said, might explain failure of search pilots to see any rafts. In New York Comdr. Donald B. MacDiarmid of the United States Coast Guard, air operations officer for the Eastern area, said It was quite possible that the plane had landed successfully on the water with "at least some of the crew and passengers able to make life rafts." Airmen believed the ship might have missed Bermuda because of the storm. The plane had refueled at Santa Maria in the Azores. It carried a "Gibson Girl," an auto matic distress apparatus which giv«s out steady SOS signals. Families Killed in Crash Identified by Air Force jJ($A$pfCFURT, Germany, Jan. φ. (Λ").—The United States Air Force in Europe released today the names'-of three American wives and five chil dren killed aboard a C-47 transport plane that crashed at Digne, France, Tuesday. They were identified as: Mrs. Rosaline Moak and her chil dren, Clifford, jr., 5; Mary K„ 2, and Verna E„ 1, of Worcester Ν. Y. They are the family of Chief War rant Officer Clifford E. Moak of the 18th Signal Service Company, sta tioned at Trieste. Mrs. Garnette B. Sanders and son William M., 3, wife and child of S/Sergt. Welch Sanders of Mem phis, Tenn. Sergt. Sanders Is at tached to the 351st Infantry Regi ment, Trieste. Mrs. Shirley G. Martin and son Benjamin H., jr., 1, wife and son of T/Sergt. Benjamin H. Martin, Princeton, N. C. Sergt. Martin Is attached to the 18th Signal Service Company, Trieste. _ ι v-uui (Continued From First Page.) calling and company switchboards became swamped. Several dealers reported they had to put on additional help at the telephone to deal with would-be customers, who obviously were call ing numerous companies. Conflicting advice was forthcom ing from sympathetic companies, One operator advised callers to run down the list of companies in the telephone book and call the smaller ones, "which haven't been as hard hit." Soft Coal Is Available. At another company, callers were advised to "keep calling your own dealer until he gets tired of hearing your voice. That's what our régulai customers have been doing to us." At several places, in answer to requests for coal, the answer was "Are you a regular customer?" Several companies said they had some soft coal available and one ol ithem said he didn't consider there Was any shortage as long as there was any coal. He took the position that no coal user need go without heat "if he didn't mind some smoke land inconvenience." Coal for Industry. But other dealers said frankly thai the coal they had on hand was entirely for industrial use, that il would foul flues, drive people out ol the house with its smoke and mighl not even burn. These dealers sale most Washington furnaces are not adapted to burning soft coal. Irregular deliveries from the mines were blamed on subfreezing tem· peratures that kept miners iron going to work and froze spur tracks One dealer said the coal was s< frozen when it arrived here that 1 ; takes a day to thaw it out foi I deliveries. Some dealers thought the situa ' tion would ease in about a week bu one of the more pessimistic one: said he did not expect a break unti 1 the weather gets warmer. Sermon Series to Start The Rev. Gordon Pratt Bakei pastor of the Methodist Churcl at Washington Grove, Md., wi] preach tomorrow on the subjeel : "I Believe in God," in the first ο ; a series of sermons to be continue . until Faster. The general subjec s ] of the series is "Give Me Such ι Faith as This." k Race Result Broadcasts Ruled Ο. K. if Not Mainly for Gamblers Horse race resuiw can or arçmu ciLSt by a radio station u long as the information is not given with so much urgency and detail that it suggests gamblers would benefit pri marily, according to the Federal Communications Commission. The FCC made the ruling yester day In renewing the license of Radio Station WWDC. The station, in applying for rou tine renewal of its license, asked assurance from the commission that it would not jeopardize its continued operating authority by broadcast ing race results. Including prices. ine cuniinisaiiHi neiu uiat results formed a part of a well rounded program service and added: "The Information given is not presented with such urgency or in such detail as to suggest that it is primarily designed to be of assist ance to those who may be engaged in betting or gambling on horse racing, which is Illegal." Commissioner Paul A. Walker, dissenting, said he felt "horse-racing programs are not in the public in terest, but he voted for the license renewal. Arkansas University To Accept Negroes In Graduate Work By th· Atiectat*4 Fr·»» FAYETTEVILLE, Ark., Jan. 31.— The University of Arkansas an nounced yesterday that qualified Negro students applying for gradu ate work will be admitted under "special arrangement." But the student whose application led to the announcement, Clifford Davis of Little Rock, now a student at Howard University, Washington, apparently isn't interested in en rolling on the university's terms. Announcement that Mr. Davis would be admitted was made by Dr. Lewis Webster Jones, university president. Another university official ex plained that "special arrangement" meant Mr. Davis would attend a separate classroom in the law school building, but would receive regular instruction from faculty members. In Washington, the 21-year-old Mr. Davis said he had received no official word of the Arkansas ac tion. He added, however, tnat on me basis of news reports "facilities apart from those provided for whites will be made available to me' and "in that event, I would not be interested in studying at the Uni versity of Arkansas." Mr. Davis filed an Arkansas ap plication some time ago. University Board Chairman Her bert L. Thomas said he felt "any qualified Negro applying for gradu ate work will be accepted," but that Negroes seeking undergraduate study "will be rejected." Two Arkansas Negroes have said they may seek to enroll as under graduate students when the new semester opens Monday. New Oklahoma Negro School Rejects Walter Harrison OKLAHOMA CITY, Jan. 31 (JP).— A white man sought to enroll In Ok lahoma's new law school for Negroes yesterday, Injecting a new element of confusion into the State's efforts to preserve racial ségrégation in education. Negroes have spurned the new law school, which opened its doors in the State Capitol Monday and pressed for admission to the all white University of Oklahoma at nearby Norman. Yesterday Walter Harrison, a widely known newspaperman and former. Army officer, demanded the right of becoming first student In the new school. Mr. Harrison, 57-year-old former managing editor of the Oklahoma City Oklahoman and Times, told reporters State offioiate "are ducking in holes like a mole" on the segre gation issue. Nevertheless, he added, his appli cation was made in good faith and he was ready to start classwork. Members of the law school's three man faculty, who had waited vainly for Negro pupils, were caught off balance by Mr. Harrison's move. They first rejected his application because he was not a Negro, then told him he would get a final an swer later. Glen Leyde Acquitted in False Claims Trial Glen W. Leyde, formerly of Falls Church, Va., who now is a resident of Morgantown, Md., today stands acquitted of charges of making false claims against the Govern ment for costs of materials and work in connection with manufac t.iir* of lif«i raft* The District Court jury had de liberated for more than 12 hours before returning a verdict of ac quittal yesterday. The trial took nine days. The Government contended Mr. Leyde had made false claims but said that he had not collected any ; money on the claims. The Government charged Mr. Leyde formed Potomac Enterprises, which it maintained was a fictitious organization. The defense, however, I contended Potomac Enterprises was and still is a legitimate intermediary j concern. The defense denied the Govern ment contention that Mr. Leyde ;had purchased material and billed it to himself at marked-up prices. Mr. Leyde was defended by At torneys Irvin Goldstein and Gordon j L. Eakle. Judge T. Blake Kennedy of Wyoming, who is sitting here as a visiting judge, presided. Woman Seriously Injured In Auto-Skidding Crash Icy streets, which caused an auto mobile to skid and crash into a tree in the 4600 block of Thirteenth street N.W. last night, seriously in ! juring one occupant, was blamed by police for a number of traffic acci dents reported today.. The driver of the automobile, Arthur Weese, 31, of 4116 Piity-first street, Bladensburg, was taken to Emergency Hospital with possible fractures of both knees. His pas I senger. Miss Vivian Trageser, 22, of 309 Timberwood avenue, Silver Spring, suffered head injuries and was in serious condition today at ι ; the hospital. Miss Virginia M. Woodyard, 35, of 8403 Sixteenth street. Silver Spring, was struck by an automobile last night at Sixteenth and Hemlock streets N.E., according to police. ■ She was taken to Emergency Hos pital with internal injuries. The driver was ft. Willis Tobler, 48, of 8316 Carey lane, Silver Spring, po | lice said. , A taxicab driver, John R. Harri i ! son, 25, colored, 4915 Central avenue ljNJE., slipped on the ice as he was .'getting out of his parked taxi in ΓI the 1100 block of Eighth street N.E. 1 and fell in the path of a streetcar, t1 police reported. He was removed to i Galllnger Hospital with a com 1 pound fracture of his left leg. h Slock Market Quiet, With Prices Uneven In Narrow Range By Victor Eubank Afsociotod Pr·*» Financial Writer NEW YORK, Jan. 31.—It was a :ase of quiet selectivity In today's stock market with individual iavor tes exhibiting a certain amount of strength while many leaders con tinued to falter. The ticket tape loafed from the start. While there were a few gains jf as much as a point, both declines md advances, on the whole, held to minor fractions near the close. Nu merous pivotais were unchanged. Transfers for the two hours ran to about 300,000 shares. Timid bidding was based partly t>n the idea that the recerc technical ;orrectlon of the drop to average ows since last June could be ex tended. Good dividends and earn ings propped some issues but were ignored by others concerned. Cloudy foreign situations, in addition to ioubts regarding business later In the year, inspired the trimming of accounts here and there. Some r»rAfAKsir»n»ls rashpii in on the week's substantial recovery. Western Union was a relatively active climber on hopes that a spring strike had been averted: A dividend aided Elastic Stop Nut. Attracting bids were Dow Chemical, Standard Oil of California, Stand ard Oil of New Jersey, Montgomery Ward, Eastman Kodak, Du Pont, American Smelting and General Motors. Stumbling at intervals were Beth lehem Steel, Youngstown Sheet, Chrysler, Caterpillar Tractor, United Aircraft, Consolidated Edison, J. C. Penney,' Wilson & Co., Gulf Oil, Il linois Central, Southern Pacific and New York Central. Bonds were narrow and commod ities lower. In the curb Lionel Corp. respond ed to an extra dividend. Supported were McCord Corp., Standard Oil of Kentucky, American Gas and Cuban Atlantic Sugar. Hesitant were Aireon, American Potash, Cities Service and Clinchfleld Coal. 'Live'Music Approved For FM Network Here ly til· Associated Press NEW YORK, Jan. 31.—The Con 'inental Network of frequency1 mod ulation stations has received James C. Petrillo's ' approval to go ahead with plans for a full schedule of 'live" music. Mr. Petrillo and the American Federation of Musicians' Executive Board gave a go-ahead to Conti rtéhtal last night after a conference with the network president, Everett L. Dlllard of Washington. The musicians' union's chief said whatever arrangements Continental makes with locals at its originating points "are all right with us." The FM Eastern regional network of 2£ stations now originates Its programs from Washington and Rochester Ν. Y. Mr. Dillard and officials of the two locals said they expected tc reach an agreement within a few days providing for a full schedule oi ilve music. The FM network now has only one program of live music involving AFM musicians—the Rochester Civic Orchestra, which broadcasts on Fri day nights. The original 16-weei arrangement extended only through last night, but the orchestra now will remain on the air until new arrangements are made. Mr. Petrillo had banned any fur ther scheduling of live music ovei FM networks. But last night he said the ban is of! completely and local unions and FM stations and networks are free to make con tracts for whatever duration thej W ΙΜΙι Big Registration Reported For Corcoran Art Classes Heavy registration for the second semester of the Corcoran School ol Art was reported yesterday by Her mann Warner Williams, jr., directoi of the Corcoran Gallery of Art anc of the art school. The new semester begins Monday Mr. Williams reported an art schoo enrollment of 450 and a waiting 11s1 of more than 100. In reporting on the state of thi school, Mr. Williams said extensiv* improvements and renovations wer< made last summer, including a new classroom and a lounge and smok ing room. Classes in commercial art were or ganized at the Corcoran School o: Art for the first time in the fall They are under the supervision o: Henry Liebschut?, president of Ad vertising Inc., assisted by Charlei Isbell, vice president of the com· pany, and William J. Sholar, jr. president of Sholar Services, Inc. Court Rules Commitment Of Fairfax Woman Void By the Associated Prtss STAUNTON, Va., Jan. 31.—Mn Jane Maupin, 42-year-old Fairfa: County mother, is free today follow ing court action that ruled her com mltment to Western State Hosplta here "absolutely void all the wa; through." The ruling was handed down b; Judge J. Harry May in Stauntoi Corporation Court yesterday a counsel for the woman said commit ment proceedings in Fairfax wer mlghlv irregular and that she hai been Improperly adjudged insane. Her commitment papers, the said," were signed before any lunac; warrant had been served and η i lunacy commission was ever for mally convened to take testimony li ; her presence. Mrs. Franklin, who has a 10-year old son, said the first thing sh knew about her sanity being ques tloned was when a deputy sheril came to her home to take her t Western State. She had been b 'the institution since January 20. *» I ' UPWA Head Served With Subpoena in 6SI Strike Probe The congrescional subpoena list oi witnesses to appear before the House Labor Subcommittee investi gating the Government cafeteria, strike continued to grow today as United States marshals continued their search for two union officials involved in the walkout. Abram Flaxer, president of the United Public Workers of America, is the latest summoned to appear at 10 a.m. Monday at the subcommit tee's probe of the four-week «trike against 42 Federal building cafe terias operated by Government Services, Inc. Mr. Flaxer was handed his sub poena late yesterday by F. Albert Reiman. counsel of the subcommit tee, as the union official was entering the Labor Department for a confer ence with Secretary Schwellenbach. Union Is Parent Group. Mr. Flaxer's union is the parent group of the United Cafeteria Work ers' Local 471 (CIO), whose workers walked out of their cafeteria jobs early this month. Mr. Reiman, who went to the Labor Department yesterday after a "tip" that he would find Mr. Flaxer there, said subpoenas also have been issued to two District officials of the United States Employment Service. They are Victor R. Daly, local per sonnel director, and Robert A. Mor rison, USES District office manager. Spokesmen for the subcommittee said Chairman Hoffman, Repub lican, of Michigan wanted to talk to the USES officials about "rumors that they have been favoring the UI11UI1 ill lliC filTlKC LU LliC CAWUSIUU of other workers. They refused to enlarge on the statement. Two Officials Still SoUfht. The two union officials still being sought by Federal marshals, mean while, are Richard A. Bancroft, president of Local 471, and Oliver T. Palmer, the local's business agent. An attorney for the union de clared yesterday that he had heard "indirectly" that the two planned to continue to keep their whereabouts a secret and that they "do not in tend" to appear before Mr. Hoff man's group. Marshals also have subpoenaed Ethel Thompson, identified as a worker at the cafeteria union's of fice, to appear Monday. Union offi cials claim they no of no employe by that name. At the same time, a committee representing the striking workers announced today it has called on Federal Works Administrator Flem ing to close ail cafeterias "so the dispute may be brought to a close." Copy of Statement. A copy of the statement to Gen. Fleming, signed for the committee by a Sally Peek: Accused GSI of "endangering the health of 80,000 Federal workers" by "hiring workers who have not been examined for communicable diseases." Accused PBA of "strike breaking" by "utilizing public buildings guards to escort strike breakers through picket lines." Disputed legality of the GSI demand that union officials file non | Communist affidavits, a major point j in the dispute. : New England Tour Pleases Stassen ly th· Associated Pru· - BRUNSWICK, Me., Jan. 31.—Har old E. Stassen today completed a week-long tour of Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine, frankly con fident that he had picked up strength in his campaign for the Republican presidential nomination. In a concluding address at Bow doln College on foreign policy, he warned against either appeasement or trust in relations with Soviet leaders. The former Minnesota Governor asserted that American foreign pol icy should be conducted in the open and with full airing of all agree ments. "Secret diplomacy," Mr. Stassen told the Bowdoin audience last night, "should not be used by the United States." He said the best prospects for peace and progress for the United States and other countries rests on "strengthening the United Nations and building our economic and in ternational relationships with the objective an advance in the stand ards of living and freedom of peoples everywhere." Asked at a Bates College Young Republicans forum about choice of a running mate if he is nominated," ! Mr. Stassen said "I would hntv that ι I the party would nominate some one 1 ; who entertains the same views as II do and who comes from New Eng land or the Middle Atlantic States." Mr. Stassen dined with ReOubli can Gov. Horace A. Hildreth and Maine newspaper executives at Blaine mansion during an Au j gusta visit. William Frew, Chairman Of Carnegie Institute, Dies Ry th· Associated Pr«tt PITTSBURGH, Jan. 31.—William Frew, 67, chairman of the Board oi Carnegie Institute of Technology, died of a heart attack early today at his home here. Mr. Frew, a retired attorney, also yvas president of Carnegie Instittute and Carnegie Library—both separ '> ately endowed institutions and not connected with the college. He had ι been trustee of the three Carnegie organizations for 30 years before as I suming his present posts in 1543. A native of Pittsburgh, Mr. Frew was a graduate of Yale University and the University of Pittsburgh Law School. He was an Army vet eran of World War I. ; Girl Who Stole Purses ! In Church Sent to Jail 1 ly th« Associated Pr*u ' CHICAGO, Jan. 31.—Pearl Stew art, 19, who admitted she went to ' church to steal purses—always at > the most solemn parts of the serv s ice—was sentenced yesterday to • serve six months in jail and was ; ι placed on probation for two years. 1 ; Judge Charles S. Dougherty told I the girl that "although rhe law is ? \ designed to give first offenders an r other chance, yours is a ccld-blood >!ed enterprise. •I "You maliciously chose the most ι ' solemn moments of the mass to steal: moments when the minds of - the worshipers are far from worldly ! things. This not only was a crime, ■ it was sacrilege." t Miss Stewart, who had pleaded ) guilty to a petty larceny charge, ι said she had quit her Job because of a back Injury. ' I Army Admits Secret Data Loss Before Landings in Normandy By th· A»»oc*at»d Pr«u | The Army confirmed today that| secret data on the invasion of Eu-1 rope was lost in the mail 14 weeks before the troops hit the Normandy teaches. Officials said a sergeant at head quarters in England, "tired from overwork and worried about his sis- j :er's illness," sent the papers to her address in America by mistake. That was on February 24, 1844. The papers were intended for \rmy headquarters in Washington.· The officials said they "did not re peal the assault date, the target irea or strength of the assault force" and would have been useless :o the enemy. The envelope was addressee to the right Army department, but to the sister's street number and city, the officials said. Post office author ities were unable to And any such department at that number. They turned the packet over to the Army. The officials said the papers left England in an official envelope of a type forbidden for personal use. Hence it did not go through normal ;ensorship. The sergeant, they added, was 'completely exonerated cf any de liberate criminality." He received tiis honorable discharge late in 1945. The Army refused to disclose his lame. French Turning In 5,000-Franc Notes; Tuesday Is Deadline ly th· Associated Press PARI8, Jan. 31.—French banks, post offices and tax collectors today began taking In 5,000 tranc notes, no longer legal ten ier. Gold seemed about to go Dn the free market. The notes must be turned In by ruesday. After that they will be no good. The collection follows ac tion by Parliament. The Finance Ministry said lat>t night owners of the bills will be repaid. But a ministry source said persons who can't show legal sources tor their holdings face either con Iscation or loss of a high percentage >f the amount held. Approximately 66,000,000 notes of ;he 5,000-franc denomination have seen In circulation. They are worth, at the new rate of exchange (214 francs to the dollar), about (23.50 each, or, all told, some *1, 540,000,000. Banks were ordered to remain jpen all day today ond tomorrow. The move to block holding of notes of large denomination was limed at catching black market op irators and hoarders, said to hold naif such bills. .undo jugut wib aoocjiiui^ supported the last phase of Pre mier Robert Schuman's money pro gram when It approved the bill for a free gold market. By this bill the government hopes to lure out hoarded gold and make possible its use in purchasing Imports. The gold bill must be apDroved by the Council of the Republic be fore it becomes a law. It waa ue lieved generally that this approval was a virtual certainty. Flather Elected Head Of Mergenthaler Co. William J. Flather, Jr., president of the real estate mortgage company bearing his name, at 1508 H street N.W., has been elected president of the Mergen thaler XJnotype Co., it was an nounced today. Mr. Flather was elected at the annual meeting in Brooklyn. He succeeds Joseph T. Mackey, who retired after long,service Mr. Flather has been a Linotype di rector since 1939 and for some w. j. riather, jr. years vice presi dent of the company. He Is a Princeton graduate, for mer director of the Community Chest, member of the Cosmos, Uni versity, Metropolitan and Chevy Chase Clubs and of the Columbia Historical Society. At the same meeting, Martin M. Reed, who has been secretary, was elected executive vice president. He is a lawyer ana a native of Phila delphia. T. Webber Wilson, Former Judge, Dies ■y the Associated Press COLDWATER, Miss., Jan. 31.—T. Weber Wilson, 55, former member of the House, former Judge, and once chairman of the Federal Parole Board, died last night after an illness of three months. He served in Congress from 1923 through 1928. In 1935, T. Webber Wilson was re moved from the Federal bench in the Virgin Islands, a position he at tained in 1933, after Secretary of the Interior Ickes accused him before a Senate committee of "bringing the administration of American justice into disrepute in the Virgin islands." President Roosevelt removed Judge Wilson, but a few weeks later another violent controversy was started when it was revealed that Dr. Amy N. Stannard had been re quested to resign f~om the Federal Parole Board to create a vacancy for Judge Wilson. The then Attorney General Cum mings requested the resignation of Dr. Stannard. an expert on abnor mal behavior of criminals, and in a letter to her gave as the reason the desire to "create a vacancy on the board." 10 Million Buy Rabbits' Feet, Scientist Says ly th· Auociottd Pr«« NEW YORK, Jan. 31—A rabbit's foot to bring luck costs from 10 cents to $5, and Americans have bought 10,000,000 of them. They also spend $125,000,000 an nually on fortune tellers, John R. Saunders, associate curator of educa tion at the American Museum ol Natural History, told the Cooper Union Forum last night. The sale of dream books, hor oscopes. lucky charms, and othei items for the superstitious has be come a big business, Mr. Saunders said. The big cost of this is not financial he added, but in our thinking. The problems of today, Mr Saunders said, call for "clear think ing free of the hindrances of bias error, and unfounded beliefs oi superstitions. Superstition is an intel lectual cost which, if we allow it tc increase, may well prohibit th( progress of human welfare." When the Romans occupied Brit ain, they used Iron nails In their building. .♦ Jaycees in Alexandria To Pick Young Man of'47 The Alexandria Junior Chamber i of Commerce will name the city's young man of 1947 at the organiza tion's annual banquet at 7 o'clock; tonight in the terrace dining room| of the National Airport. Each year, the chamber chooses a man between the ages of 21 and 35 in the city whom they believe hasj shown outstanding community serv-1 ice. The young man chosen receives a medal and citation acknowledging his selection. Rover Will Address Caiholic Veterans Former United States District At torney Leo A. Rover will speak to morrow at a communion breakfast of the John F. Madigan Post, Cath olic War Veterans, at St. Charles School Hall, Arlington. The Rev. Thomas Scannell, post chaplain, will celebrate a memorial mass at 7:30 a.m. for deceased Cath olic war veterans before the break fast. Lay guests expected to attend in clude Max H. Sorenson, national commander of the Catholic War Veterans; Eugene Taggert, national liaison officer, and Bernard Schmidt, grand knight of the Edward Doug las Whit« Council, Knights of Co lumbus. Joseph M. Dawson, post com mander. Invited all Catholic veter ans of the area to participate. M/Sergt. Wilfred Vienneau, USMC, post officer of the day, will be in charge of the honor guard. The post auxiliary and the La dies' Club of St. Charles Parish will prepare the breakfast, under super vision of Mrs. Emily Moore, auxil iary president, and Mrs. Regina De laney, third vice president. The post announced that all Cath olic veterans are invited to attend its February meeting Monday in the Knights of Columbus Hall, Claren doa Weather (Continued From First Page.) considered calling the Coast Guard to help by sending an icelyeaker. One Coast Guard cutter reported that the upper reaches of the bay had ice so thick that "only full powered vessels" were able to get through, seriously hampering fuel oil supplies carried by barge from Pennsylvania refineries. Snow and ice lingering on Wash ington streets, meanwhile, account ed for sledding accidents last night that injured five persons. Two In Arlington Hurt. Francis Mayhew, 23, of 1004 I street N.E. and Miss Marian Dean, "33, of 515 North Nelson street, Ar lington, were on a sled which col lided with an automobile at Adams street and Downing place N.E. yes terday. Mr. Mayhew was admitted at Casualty Hospital with leg and arm injuries while Miss Dean was treated and released. Police listed the driver of the automobile as Wade F. Hobbs, jr., 28, of 132; Downing place Ν. Ε William H. Hoch, 4, of 4020 ΐ street S.E. struck a parked car near i his home while sledding and was removed to Children's Hospital with cuts. Mary Ann Mason, 14, colored of 765 Nineteenth street N.E., suf fered a possible hip fracture when her sled collided with an automobile driven by Philip Harris, 28, colored of 1733 Τ street N.E., according to police. She was taken to Casualty Hospital. Henry S. Wheeler, 11, col ored. of 1337 Stevens road S.E. also hit a parked car near his home while sledding and suffered cuts. Weather Report District of Columbia—Increasing cloudiness yith highest temperature about 22 degrees this afternoon Cloudy and continued cold with some light snow late tonight or to morrow. The lowest temperature will be around 12 degrees. Some what lower in the suburbs. Virginia—Cloudy and continued cold with some light snow in south west portion and over east and north portion late tonight and tomorrow. Maryland—Cloudy, continued colc with some light snow late tonight 01 tomorrow. Wind velocity, 5 miles per hour; direction, north-northeast. Road Report. (Prom American Automobile Association Roadi in Eastern Maryland and Vir glnia mostly clear with a lew slipper: spots; no chains needed. West Virgtnii and Western Maryland roads, slow an< slippery; chains necessary. River Report. (Prom 0. 8 Eneineers.i Potomac River clear at Harpers Fern and at Great Falls; Shenandoah clear a; Harpers Perry. Hcmldlty. Yesterday. Pet Today Pet .Noon K! Midnight Hi 4 n.m. 5.1 X a.m. 84 8 p.m. 51 I p.m · δ; High and Low lor lesterday. High, 'J8. at 12:4": p.m. I Low. 15. at 11:58 p.m. Record Temperatnrea Tbla Tear. Highest. «2. on January » Lowest, 5. on January 26. Tid· Tables. (Furnished by United States Coast and Qaodetlr Survey ) Today. Tomorrow High 12:19 a.m. 12:45 a m Low 6:42 a.m. » 7:31 a m High - 1:10 ρ m Low 7:11p m. 8 0S ρ m The Bun and Moon, Rises. 8eti. Sun, today 7:18 6:28 Sun. tomorrow 7:1δ 5:2» Moon, today 10:30 a.ir Automobile lights must be turned οι •ne-half hour alter sunset. Preeloitatlen. Monthly precipitation in Incbei In m Canltai (eurrent mon'.h to date) Month. 1948 Aver Record. January 4.57 3.55 7.83 '3 Pfbruary 3..17 H 84 8 March 3.75 8.84 '» Ao.-ll 3.27 (U3 8 May 3.70 10 nP 8 June 4.13 10 84 Ό July 4.71 10.63 ;g August 4.01 14 41 2 September 3.24 17.4 η .3 October 2.84 8.8 J November 2.37 8.6» 81 December „ 3.32 7.56 0 Degree Days "Degree days" of yester day 43 Accumulated "degree days" 2,639 f Truman Plea Marks Tenth Anniversary Of Polio Campaigns President Truman marked the 10th anniversary of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis with a Nation-wide broadcast last night in which he urged support of the March of Dimes. "The first line of defense in this war against infantile paralysis has been formed by your contributions to the March of Dimes," he said in the White House radio talk. Contributors to previous cam paigns. the President declared, have helped thousands of victims of the disease return to normal life, have "brought new hope" to the hope lessly handicapped, and "have brought peace to troubled hearts of parents who could not afford médi cal care needed by a loved one." V. S. Leads World. He declared the National Foun dation for Infantile Paralysis each year has built more "barriers" to protect American children from ef fects of polio, but "it may take many more years and many more millions of dollars" before the disease is banished. Because of the Foundation's vigi lance, no nation has been so well armed to fight infantile paralysis as the United States, the President said. "I ask you to give—and give gen erously—to the March of Dimes," h· concluded. A check for $672,000, collected in the last two "Miss Hush" contests on the "Truth or Consequences" radio program, was to be presented to Basil O'Connor, president of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, at the Carlton Hotel this afternoon. Mrs. Ralph Edwards or Beverly Hills, wife of the show's master of ceremonies, was to make the presen tation at 2:30 p.m. In the two "Miss Hush" contests in which the March of Dimes has shared, program of ficials said, a total of $1,215,000 waa collected from listeners who tried to identify "Miss Hush." Also on the District front in the anti-polio fund drive, officials an nounced yesterday that four of 12 sombreros presented to the cam paign by Republic Pictures cowboy star Monte Hale had brought $242. One Hat Brings S103. One hat was auctioned at a Ki wanis Club luncheon for $103 and another at a Lions Club meeting for $79, Edgar Morris, general chairman of the Drive Committee here, an nounced. Commissioner John Rus sell Young paid $30 for one of the hats and at a Variety Club auction and a Republic Pictures official gave $30 for another, he said. The eight remaining hats will be auctioned at other business and civic club meet ings for benefit of the fund, he stated. Today's March of Dimes program included a broadcast from the Statler Hotel by Carl Green, WQQW chil dren's story-teller. Children attend ing the presentation were to be charged a dime each for benefit of the fund and parents were to give a dollar apiece. The YMCA's Army and Navy De partment will sponsor a Mile o* Dimes dance at 9 o'clock tonight in the Central Branch YMCA gym nasium, 1736 G street N.W. The program will include numbers by Marie de la Hull. Washington singer. Teller Held in $1,872 Bank Embezzlement A bank teller, said by the FBI to have admitted he embezzled $1,872 from the firm during the past four months "to meet the rising cost of living," today awaited grand jury action under $1,000 bond, after hig arraignment before United States ! Commissioner Needham C. Turnage. Robert E. Rhodes, 23, of the first j block of Farragut street N.W.. sur ! rendered himself yesterday at the field office of the FBI here. Married and the father of one child, Rhodes has been employed as a teller at the Union Trust Co., Fourteenth and G streets N.W., for three years, the FBI said. When asked why he took the money, he was quoted by the FBI as saying he had to meet family expenses heightened by rising living costs. The shortages at the bank were uncovered by bank examiners. Rhodes, who was unable to make bond, is charged under the Federal Bank Act. Need (or Conservation Stressed by Krug The need for conservation and effective utilization of our natural wealth now is greater than ever. In terior Secretary Krug declared last night. He spoke at a dinner sponsored by the American Planning and Civic Association to honor the National Park Service. The dinner was held in the. Hotel 2400. "Our expanding economy." Mr. Krug said, "with our people fully employed for the first time in modern history, requires more ma terials of every kind than the most stringent period of war. "Any objective analysis of our resource position brings the con .elusion that world peace and world prosperity are closely linked an ι neither can be obtained without the most effective conservation and use j oi the resources of the entire world to meet the needs of the people oi the entire world." Newton B. Drury. director oi tlir National Park Service, respoi/·'' ,0 the speech in behalf of the ■ cc· Another speaker, Reprrcnt* five Barrett, Republican, of Wyoming, member of the House Public Lands Committee, paid tribute to the park organization. Horace M. Albright of Ne» York City, chairman of the association's board, was toastmaster. Ma; Gen. Xj. S. Grant III, chairman of the National Capital Park and Planning Commission and association presi dent, conducted the meeting. i Six FuelCo-ordinators , Added to Maryland Staff By »h· Ai«otiot»d P'··· r! BALTIMORE. Jan. 31—The State ' pjet co-ordinator's Office announced >! yesterday the appointment of six ί more county and city fuel co ! ordinators They include Sheriff Guy Anders ' for Frederick County and Police ' chief Raymond Wells of Ellicott City, Howard County Cost of Snow Mounts BALTIMORE, Jan 31 (Λ·).—'The State Roads Commission said yes terday it expected sr.ow removal and road sanding costs this winter would exceed the yearly average of $200,00®.