AFL Council Puts Off
Selection of Political
Unit Head, Hits Soviet
By James Y. Newton
, , Star Staff Correspondent
MIAMI. Jan. 31.—The AFL Exec
utive Council recessed winter ses
sions here today alter postponing
until Monday selection of a di
rector of the Federation's political
league and loosing the fiercest blasts
yet at Soviet Russia.
The council put off consideration
of the report of a selection sub
committee recommending appoint
ment of Andrew J. Biemiller of
Wisconsin, former Democratic mem
ber of the House, as director of
Labor's League for Political Educa
tion. There was opposition to Mr.
Biemiller as head of the AFL's po
litical activities, but there was no
' one else in sight for the Job, and
subcommittee members seemed con-:
! fident he would be approved.
Council members approved an
Initial appropriation of >100,000 to
establish a Nation-wide "informa
tion and education" service.
Compared to Naiiam.
The blast at Russia described
Soviet actions of the last two years
as "obviously * * * preparations for
"Like Hitler s Nazism, the council
stated, "the Stalin brand of Com -,
munism must spread or perish. Itj
is under an inner compulsion to
attain world dominion to escape j
The statement was intended as a
warning to the Nation and along
with it the council considered re-;
vçrsing traditional AFL policy by
Indorsing univeral military training.
Actions of the council must be
upanlmous, however, and a single
member blocked the proposal.
, Compromis* wotkm uni.
A compromise was worked out
which, while falling short of in
dorsing peacetime training, had this
fThe peace we enjoy today has
ne substance or security. The hor
rors of a new war—a war of annihi
lation—are being engineered be
hjpd the screen of peace and may
break out at any point at any time.
-"Cognizant of these real dangers,
tHe council has come to the con
cision that America's normal peace
piicies will have to be revised in
aâfcordance with the requirements
oC common sense national defense.
Above all, our country and the free
way of life for which it stands,
nflist be safeguarded against any
■The proposal that the Federation
approve military training outright
wire considering putting it oO until
the spring council meeting.
- "Fuel Oil
(Continued From First Page.)
will be 3,700,000 barrels. Average
daily consumption of the Nation is
Secretary of Commerce Harriman
also announced he has asked the
stieel industry to help by setting
aside part of its output for oil-well
equipment and railroad cars.
'He asked that about 10 per cent
of the steel production be placed on
a^Jiigh priority basis for the oil,
frtlght car, farm machinery and
home building industries.
The situation here should be fur
tïjer eased with the arrival late
today or tomorrow of 735,000 gallons
οΓDiesel oil obtained as a loan from
tljp Navy. This type oil may be
burned in home furnaces.
Standard Oil Co. said a barge was
being loaded in Baltimore with 580,
000 gallons of No. 3 fuel oil and,
barring trouble in the ice-laden
Potomac, it should arrive early next
Heavy oil supplies were increased
yesterday with the arrival of 700,000
gallons for L, P. Steuart & Bro.,
which furnishes the Government
end a large number of buildings and
apartment houses. Standard Oil,
another leading dealer in this type
of oil. received 340,000 gallons.
* Kerosene, Gasoline Arrive.
ÎTwo Standard barges brought in
2®,000 gallons of kerosene, used as
fdel in many homes. In addition,
Standard received 1,664.000 gallons
oÇ gasoline, another hard-to-get
m _ ... , j
*inree unui uuua ampa ii«icu bo
ic2 -breakers continued to run inter
ference for barges. Today the ice
bti~' s were concentrating on mov
irife empties downstream for reload
ing and picking up any other barges
tliey may encounter along the route.
ZMr. Kennedy reported his Fuel
OJ1 Committee was staying on top of
the emergency distribution of oil.
Home consumers unable to obtain
oil, from their dealers have pur
chased 198,000 gallons through the
stockpile established with the co
operation of five major companies.
Only 20 Orders Unfilled.
garly today the committee had on
hand no more than 20 unfilled or
riSfrs, despite the necessity for
screening all applicants to determine
One of the requests the oil co
ordinating committee sought to fill
came from 37 residents of the Cher
rjÇHill Trailer Camp on the Balti
more road near Berwyn. All were
oijft of kerosene.
At Norfolk, 15 fully loaded coal
ships were reported idle for lack of
buhker-C oil. A 100.000-barrel sup
ply of the fuel arrived today and
was to be divided among the ships
so ,they can move on short rations.
There were about 119,000 gallons
of No. 2 fuel oil on hand in the
stockpile and something less than
20,000 gallons of kerosene. Because
of the scarcity of kerosene, appli
cants were cut from 50 to 25 gallons
and Mr. Kennedy said it may be
ivecçssary to reduce fuel oil from
100 to 500 gallons.
1,500 Hear Helen Jepson
Sing From Boxing Ring
* i By the A»so<iat#d Press
SARASOTA, Pla., Jan. 31.—Heler
Jepson. Metropolitan Opera soprano
stepped between the ropes into th<
white glare of a boxing ring last
night and made a hit.
She appeared in concert before t
Btr^ing-room-only crowd of 1,50(
mcac lovers who displaced thf
usiail fight fans in the Americar
Miss JepsOn had to use the im
promptu concert hall as a result o;
the ban placed on the Municipa
Auditorium by the Tampa local ο
thd American Federation of Musi
cistis, AFL, last November.
Miss Jepson is a member of thi
Artists' Guild, but her accompanls
Is Λ member of the Musicians' Union
The ring was banked with flower
for her appearance.
NEW YORK. — RETURNS
FROM INDIA—Turbaned Rus
sell Ο. Haight, 26, of Denver,
former Army sergeant, pro
tected his ears against the cold
on his arrival yesterday at La
Guardia Field irom India,
where he had been serving as
a brigadier general in the Free
Kashmir provincial army. He
said he withdrew from the
Kashmir fighting for financial
reasons and to preserve his
(Continued Prom First Page.)
dioed that it would be late because
An airline official said the ship
carried 23 passengers and 6 crew
men. One passenger was Sir Arthur
Coningham, retired British air mar
shal and hero of the North African
air war. The pilot was Capt. David
Colby of England.
Rescue pilota said flying condi
tions were "far from ideal." They
reported seas between 30 and 40
feet high. Clouds hampered visi
(In London the British Minis
try of Civil Aviation said the
aircraft was "presumed lost.")
J. W. Booth, chairman of the
BSAA here, said last night there
was a "fair chance" of finding at
least some of the passengers.
Poor Visibility Cited.
Mr. Booth told reportera that the
plane might be able to remain afloat
long enough for those aboard to get
into life rafts. Poor visibility, he
said, might explain failure of search
pilots to see any rafts.
In New York Comdr. Donald B.
MacDiarmid of the United States
Coast Guard, air operations officer
for the Eastern area, said It was
quite possible that the plane had
landed successfully on the water
with "at least some of the crew and
passengers able to make life rafts."
Airmen believed the ship might
have missed Bermuda because of
the storm. The plane had refueled
at Santa Maria in the Azores. It
carried a "Gibson Girl," an auto
matic distress apparatus which giv«s
out steady SOS signals.
Families Killed in Crash
Identified by Air Force
jJ($A$pfCFURT, Germany, Jan. φ.
(Λ").—The United States Air Force in
Europe released today the names'-of
three American wives and five chil
dren killed aboard a C-47 transport
plane that crashed at Digne, France,
They were identified as:
Mrs. Rosaline Moak and her chil
dren, Clifford, jr., 5; Mary K„ 2, and
Verna E„ 1, of Worcester Ν. Y.
They are the family of Chief War
rant Officer Clifford E. Moak of the
18th Signal Service Company, sta
tioned at Trieste.
Mrs. Garnette B. Sanders and son
William M., 3, wife and child of
S/Sergt. Welch Sanders of Mem
phis, Tenn. Sergt. Sanders Is at
tached to the 351st Infantry Regi
Mrs. Shirley G. Martin and son
Benjamin H., jr., 1, wife and son
of T/Sergt. Benjamin H. Martin,
Princeton, N. C. Sergt. Martin Is
attached to the 18th Signal Service
(Continued From First Page.)
calling and company switchboards
Several dealers reported they had
to put on additional help at the
telephone to deal with would-be
customers, who obviously were call
ing numerous companies.
Conflicting advice was forthcom
ing from sympathetic companies,
One operator advised callers to run
down the list of companies in the
telephone book and call the smaller
ones, "which haven't been as hard
Soft Coal Is Available.
At another company, callers were
advised to "keep calling your own
dealer until he gets tired of hearing
your voice. That's what our régulai
customers have been doing to us."
At several places, in answer to
requests for coal, the answer was
"Are you a regular customer?"
Several companies said they had
some soft coal available and one ol
ithem said he didn't consider there
Was any shortage as long as there
was any coal. He took the position
that no coal user need go without
heat "if he didn't mind some smoke
Coal for Industry.
But other dealers said frankly thai
the coal they had on hand was
entirely for industrial use, that il
would foul flues, drive people out ol
the house with its smoke and mighl
not even burn. These dealers sale
most Washington furnaces are not
adapted to burning soft coal.
Irregular deliveries from the mines
were blamed on subfreezing tem·
peratures that kept miners iron
going to work and froze spur tracks
One dealer said the coal was s<
frozen when it arrived here that 1
; takes a day to thaw it out foi
Some dealers thought the situa
' tion would ease in about a week bu
one of the more pessimistic one:
said he did not expect a break unti
1 the weather gets warmer.
Sermon Series to Start
The Rev. Gordon Pratt Bakei
pastor of the Methodist Churcl
at Washington Grove, Md., wi]
preach tomorrow on the subjeel
: "I Believe in God," in the first ο
; a series of sermons to be continue
. until Faster. The general subjec
s ] of the series is "Give Me Such ι
Faith as This."
Race Result Broadcasts Ruled
Ο. K. if Not Mainly for Gamblers
Horse race resuiw can or arçmu
ciLSt by a radio station u long as
the information is not given with so
much urgency and detail that it
suggests gamblers would benefit pri
marily, according to the Federal
The FCC made the ruling yester
day In renewing the license of Radio
The station, in applying for rou
tine renewal of its license, asked
assurance from the commission that
it would not jeopardize its continued
operating authority by broadcast
ing race results. Including prices.
ine cuniinisaiiHi neiu uiat
results formed a part of a well
rounded program service and added:
"The Information given is not
presented with such urgency or in
such detail as to suggest that it is
primarily designed to be of assist
ance to those who may be engaged
in betting or gambling on horse
racing, which is Illegal."
Commissioner Paul A. Walker,
dissenting, said he felt "horse-racing
programs are not in the public in
terest, but he voted for the license
To Accept Negroes
In Graduate Work
By th· Atiectat*4 Fr·»»
FAYETTEVILLE, Ark., Jan. 31.—
The University of Arkansas an
nounced yesterday that qualified
Negro students applying for gradu
ate work will be admitted under
But the student whose application
led to the announcement, Clifford
Davis of Little Rock, now a student
at Howard University, Washington,
apparently isn't interested in en
rolling on the university's terms.
Announcement that Mr. Davis
would be admitted was made by Dr.
Lewis Webster Jones, university
Another university official ex
plained that "special arrangement"
meant Mr. Davis would attend a
separate classroom in the law school
building, but would receive regular
instruction from faculty members.
In Washington, the 21-year-old
Mr. Davis said he had received no
official word of the Arkansas ac
He added, however, tnat on me
basis of news reports "facilities
apart from those provided for
whites will be made available to me'
and "in that event, I would not be
interested in studying at the Uni
versity of Arkansas."
Mr. Davis filed an Arkansas ap
plication some time ago.
University Board Chairman Her
bert L. Thomas said he felt "any
qualified Negro applying for gradu
ate work will be accepted," but that
Negroes seeking undergraduate
study "will be rejected."
Two Arkansas Negroes have said
they may seek to enroll as under
graduate students when the new
semester opens Monday.
New Oklahoma Negro School
Rejects Walter Harrison
OKLAHOMA CITY, Jan. 31 (JP).—
A white man sought to enroll In Ok
lahoma's new law school for Negroes
yesterday, Injecting a new element
of confusion into the State's efforts
to preserve racial ségrégation in
Negroes have spurned the new law
school, which opened its doors in
the State Capitol Monday and
pressed for admission to the all
white University of Oklahoma at
Yesterday Walter Harrison, a
widely known newspaperman and
former. Army officer, demanded the
right of becoming first student In
the new school.
Mr. Harrison, 57-year-old former
managing editor of the Oklahoma
City Oklahoman and Times, told
reporters State offioiate "are ducking
in holes like a mole" on the segre
Nevertheless, he added, his appli
cation was made in good faith and
he was ready to start classwork.
Members of the law school's three
man faculty, who had waited vainly
for Negro pupils, were caught off
balance by Mr. Harrison's move.
They first rejected his application
because he was not a Negro, then
told him he would get a final an
Glen Leyde Acquitted
in False Claims Trial
Glen W. Leyde, formerly of Falls
Church, Va., who now is a resident
of Morgantown, Md., today stands
acquitted of charges of making
false claims against the Govern
ment for costs of materials and
work in connection with manufac
t.iir* of lif«i raft*
The District Court jury had de
liberated for more than 12 hours
before returning a verdict of ac
quittal yesterday. The trial took
The Government contended Mr.
Leyde had made false claims but
said that he had not collected any
; money on the claims.
The Government charged Mr.
Leyde formed Potomac Enterprises,
which it maintained was a fictitious
organization. The defense, however,
I contended Potomac Enterprises was
and still is a legitimate intermediary
The defense denied the Govern
ment contention that Mr. Leyde
;had purchased material and billed
it to himself at marked-up prices.
Mr. Leyde was defended by At
torneys Irvin Goldstein and Gordon
j L. Eakle. Judge T. Blake Kennedy
of Wyoming, who is sitting here
as a visiting judge, presided.
Woman Seriously Injured
In Auto-Skidding Crash
Icy streets, which caused an auto
mobile to skid and crash into a tree
in the 4600 block of Thirteenth
street N.W. last night, seriously in
! juring one occupant, was blamed by
police for a number of traffic acci
dents reported today..
The driver of the automobile,
Arthur Weese, 31, of 4116 Piity-first
street, Bladensburg, was taken to
Emergency Hospital with possible
fractures of both knees. His pas
I senger. Miss Vivian Trageser, 22, of
309 Timberwood avenue, Silver
Spring, suffered head injuries and
was in serious condition today at
ι ; the hospital.
Miss Virginia M. Woodyard, 35, of
8403 Sixteenth street. Silver Spring,
was struck by an automobile last
night at Sixteenth and Hemlock
streets N.E., according to police.
■ She was taken to Emergency Hos
pital with internal injuries. The
driver was ft. Willis Tobler, 48, of
8316 Carey lane, Silver Spring, po
| lice said.
, A taxicab driver, John R. Harri
i ! son, 25, colored, 4915 Central avenue
ljNJE., slipped on the ice as he was
.'getting out of his parked taxi in
ΓI the 1100 block of Eighth street N.E.
1 and fell in the path of a streetcar,
t1 police reported. He was removed to
i Galllnger Hospital with a com
1 pound fracture of his left leg.
Slock Market Quiet,
With Prices Uneven
In Narrow Range
By Victor Eubank
Afsociotod Pr·*» Financial Writer
NEW YORK, Jan. 31.—It was a
:ase of quiet selectivity In today's
stock market with individual iavor
tes exhibiting a certain amount of
strength while many leaders con
tinued to falter.
The ticket tape loafed from the
start. While there were a few gains
jf as much as a point, both declines
md advances, on the whole, held to
minor fractions near the close. Nu
merous pivotais were unchanged.
Transfers for the two hours ran to
about 300,000 shares.
Timid bidding was based partly
t>n the idea that the recerc technical
;orrectlon of the drop to average
ows since last June could be ex
tended. Good dividends and earn
ings propped some issues but were
ignored by others concerned. Cloudy
foreign situations, in addition to
ioubts regarding business later In
the year, inspired the trimming of
accounts here and there. Some
r»rAfAKsir»n»ls rashpii in on the week's
Western Union was a relatively
active climber on hopes that a
spring strike had been averted: A
dividend aided Elastic Stop Nut.
Attracting bids were Dow Chemical,
Standard Oil of California, Stand
ard Oil of New Jersey, Montgomery
Ward, Eastman Kodak, Du Pont,
American Smelting and General
Stumbling at intervals were Beth
lehem Steel, Youngstown Sheet,
Chrysler, Caterpillar Tractor, United
Aircraft, Consolidated Edison, J. C.
Penney,' Wilson & Co., Gulf Oil, Il
linois Central, Southern Pacific and
New York Central.
Bonds were narrow and commod
In the curb Lionel Corp. respond
ed to an extra dividend. Supported
were McCord Corp., Standard Oil of
Kentucky, American Gas and Cuban
Atlantic Sugar. Hesitant were
Aireon, American Potash, Cities
Service and Clinchfleld Coal.
For FM Network Here
ly til· Associated Press
NEW YORK, Jan. 31.—The Con
'inental Network of frequency1 mod
ulation stations has received James
C. Petrillo's ' approval to go ahead
with plans for a full schedule of
Mr. Petrillo and the American
Federation of Musicians' Executive
Board gave a go-ahead to Conti
rtéhtal last night after a conference
with the network president, Everett
L. Dlllard of Washington.
The musicians' union's chief said
whatever arrangements Continental
makes with locals at its originating
points "are all right with us." The
FM Eastern regional network of 2£
stations now originates Its programs
from Washington and Rochester
Mr. Dillard and officials of the
two locals said they expected tc
reach an agreement within a few
days providing for a full schedule oi
The FM network now has only
one program of live music involving
AFM musicians—the Rochester Civic
Orchestra, which broadcasts on Fri
day nights. The original 16-weei
arrangement extended only through
last night, but the orchestra now
will remain on the air until new
arrangements are made.
Mr. Petrillo had banned any fur
ther scheduling of live music ovei
FM networks. But last night he
said the ban is of! completely and
local unions and FM stations and
networks are free to make con
tracts for whatever duration thej
Big Registration Reported
For Corcoran Art Classes
Heavy registration for the second
semester of the Corcoran School ol
Art was reported yesterday by Her
mann Warner Williams, jr., directoi
of the Corcoran Gallery of Art anc
of the art school.
The new semester begins Monday
Mr. Williams reported an art schoo
enrollment of 450 and a waiting 11s1
of more than 100.
In reporting on the state of thi
school, Mr. Williams said extensiv*
improvements and renovations wer<
made last summer, including a new
classroom and a lounge and smok
Classes in commercial art were or
ganized at the Corcoran School o:
Art for the first time in the fall
They are under the supervision o:
Henry Liebschut?, president of Ad
vertising Inc., assisted by Charlei
Isbell, vice president of the com·
pany, and William J. Sholar, jr.
president of Sholar Services, Inc.
Court Rules Commitment
Of Fairfax Woman Void
By the Associated Prtss
STAUNTON, Va., Jan. 31.—Mn
Jane Maupin, 42-year-old Fairfa:
County mother, is free today follow
ing court action that ruled her com
mltment to Western State Hosplta
here "absolutely void all the wa;
The ruling was handed down b;
Judge J. Harry May in Stauntoi
Corporation Court yesterday a
counsel for the woman said commit
ment proceedings in Fairfax wer
mlghlv irregular and that she hai
been Improperly adjudged insane.
Her commitment papers, the
said," were signed before any lunac;
warrant had been served and η
i lunacy commission was ever for
mally convened to take testimony li
; her presence.
Mrs. Franklin, who has a 10-year
old son, said the first thing sh
knew about her sanity being ques
tloned was when a deputy sheril
came to her home to take her t
Western State. She had been b
'the institution since January 20.
UPWA Head Served
With Subpoena in
6SI Strike Probe
The congrescional subpoena list oi
witnesses to appear before the
House Labor Subcommittee investi
gating the Government cafeteria,
strike continued to grow today as
United States marshals continued
their search for two union officials
involved in the walkout.
Abram Flaxer, president of the
United Public Workers of America,
is the latest summoned to appear at
10 a.m. Monday at the subcommit
tee's probe of the four-week «trike
against 42 Federal building cafe
terias operated by Government
Mr. Flaxer was handed his sub
poena late yesterday by F. Albert
Reiman. counsel of the subcommit
tee, as the union official was entering
the Labor Department for a confer
ence with Secretary Schwellenbach.
Union Is Parent Group.
Mr. Flaxer's union is the parent
group of the United Cafeteria Work
ers' Local 471 (CIO), whose workers
walked out of their cafeteria jobs
early this month.
Mr. Reiman, who went to the
Labor Department yesterday after a
"tip" that he would find Mr. Flaxer
there, said subpoenas also have been
issued to two District officials of the
United States Employment Service.
They are Victor R. Daly, local per
sonnel director, and Robert A. Mor
rison, USES District office manager.
Spokesmen for the subcommittee
said Chairman Hoffman, Repub
lican, of Michigan wanted to talk
to the USES officials about "rumors
that they have been favoring the
UI11UI1 ill lliC filTlKC LU LliC CAWUSIUU
of other workers. They refused to
enlarge on the statement.
Two Officials Still SoUfht.
The two union officials still being
sought by Federal marshals, mean
while, are Richard A. Bancroft,
president of Local 471, and Oliver
T. Palmer, the local's business agent.
An attorney for the union de
clared yesterday that he had heard
"indirectly" that the two planned to
continue to keep their whereabouts
a secret and that they "do not in
tend" to appear before Mr. Hoff
Marshals also have subpoenaed
Ethel Thompson, identified as a
worker at the cafeteria union's of
fice, to appear Monday. Union offi
cials claim they no of no employe
by that name.
At the same time, a committee
representing the striking workers
announced today it has called on
Federal Works Administrator Flem
ing to close ail cafeterias "so the
dispute may be brought to a close."
Copy of Statement.
A copy of the statement to Gen.
Fleming, signed for the committee
by a Sally Peek:
Accused GSI of "endangering the
health of 80,000 Federal workers"
by "hiring workers who have not
been examined for communicable
Accused PBA of "strike breaking"
by "utilizing public buildings guards
to escort strike breakers through
Disputed legality of the GSI
demand that union officials file non
| Communist affidavits, a major point
j in the dispute.
: New England Tour
ly th· Associated Pru· -
BRUNSWICK, Me., Jan. 31.—Har
old E. Stassen today completed a
week-long tour of Vermont, New
Hampshire and Maine, frankly con
fident that he had picked up
strength in his campaign for the
Republican presidential nomination.
In a concluding address at Bow
doln College on foreign policy, he
warned against either appeasement
or trust in relations with Soviet
The former Minnesota Governor
asserted that American foreign pol
icy should be conducted in the open
and with full airing of all agree
"Secret diplomacy," Mr. Stassen
told the Bowdoin audience last night,
"should not be used by the United
He said the best prospects for
peace and progress for the United
States and other countries rests on
"strengthening the United Nations
and building our economic and in
ternational relationships with the
objective an advance in the stand
ards of living and freedom of peoples
Asked at a Bates College Young
Republicans forum about choice of
a running mate if he is nominated,"
! Mr. Stassen said "I would hntv that ι
I the party would nominate some one 1
; who entertains the same views as
II do and who comes from New Eng
land or the Middle Atlantic States."
Mr. Stassen dined with ReOubli
can Gov. Horace A. Hildreth
and Maine newspaper executives
at Blaine mansion during an Au
j gusta visit.
William Frew, Chairman
Of Carnegie Institute, Dies
Ry th· Associated Pr«tt
PITTSBURGH, Jan. 31.—William
Frew, 67, chairman of the Board oi
Carnegie Institute of Technology,
died of a heart attack early today at
his home here.
Mr. Frew, a retired attorney, also
yvas president of Carnegie Instittute
and Carnegie Library—both separ
'> ately endowed institutions and not
connected with the college. He had
ι been trustee of the three Carnegie
organizations for 30 years before as
I suming his present posts in 1543.
A native of Pittsburgh, Mr. Frew
was a graduate of Yale University
and the University of Pittsburgh
Law School. He was an Army vet
eran of World War I.
; Girl Who Stole Purses
! In Church Sent to Jail
1 ly th« Associated Pr*u
' CHICAGO, Jan. 31.—Pearl Stew
art, 19, who admitted she went to
' church to steal purses—always at
> the most solemn parts of the serv
s ice—was sentenced yesterday to
• serve six months in jail and was
; ι placed on probation for two years.
1 ; Judge Charles S. Dougherty told
I the girl that "although rhe law is
? \ designed to give first offenders an
r other chance, yours is a ccld-blood
•I "You maliciously chose the most
ι ' solemn moments of the mass to
steal: moments when the minds of
- the worshipers are far from worldly
! things. This not only was a crime,
■ it was sacrilege."
t Miss Stewart, who had pleaded
) guilty to a petty larceny charge,
ι said she had quit her Job because
of a back Injury. '
Army Admits Secret Data Loss
Before Landings in Normandy
By th· A»»oc*at»d Pr«u |
The Army confirmed today that|
secret data on the invasion of Eu-1
rope was lost in the mail 14 weeks
before the troops hit the Normandy
Officials said a sergeant at head
quarters in England, "tired from
overwork and worried about his sis- j
:er's illness," sent the papers to her
address in America by mistake.
That was on February 24, 1844.
The papers were intended for
\rmy headquarters in Washington.·
The officials said they "did not re
peal the assault date, the target
irea or strength of the assault
force" and would have been useless
:o the enemy.
The envelope was addressee to
the right Army department, but to
the sister's street number and city,
the officials said. Post office author
ities were unable to And any such
department at that number. They
turned the packet over to the Army.
The officials said the papers left
England in an official envelope of a
type forbidden for personal use.
Hence it did not go through normal
The sergeant, they added, was
'completely exonerated cf any de
liberate criminality." He received
tiis honorable discharge late in 1945.
The Army refused to disclose his
French Turning In
Tuesday Is Deadline
ly th· Associated Press
PARI8, Jan. 31.—French banks,
post offices and tax collectors
today began taking In 5,000
tranc notes, no longer legal ten
ier. Gold seemed about to go
Dn the free market.
The notes must be turned In by
ruesday. After that they will be
no good. The collection follows ac
tion by Parliament.
The Finance Ministry said lat>t
night owners of the bills will be
repaid. But a ministry source said
persons who can't show legal sources
tor their holdings face either con
Iscation or loss of a high percentage
>f the amount held.
Approximately 66,000,000 notes of
;he 5,000-franc denomination have
seen In circulation. They are
worth, at the new rate of exchange
(214 francs to the dollar), about
(23.50 each, or, all told, some *1,
Banks were ordered to remain
jpen all day today ond tomorrow.
The move to block holding of
notes of large denomination was
limed at catching black market op
irators and hoarders, said to hold
naif such bills.
.undo jugut wib aoocjiiui^
supported the last phase of Pre
mier Robert Schuman's money pro
gram when It approved the bill
for a free gold market. By this
bill the government hopes to lure
out hoarded gold and make possible
its use in purchasing Imports.
The gold bill must be apDroved
by the Council of the Republic be
fore it becomes a law. It waa ue
lieved generally that this approval
was a virtual certainty.
Flather Elected Head
Of Mergenthaler Co.
William J. Flather, Jr., president
of the real estate mortgage company
bearing his name, at 1508 H street
N.W., has been elected president
of the Mergen
Co., it was an
was elected at
T. Mackey, who
Flather has been
a Linotype di
rector since 1939
and for some
w. j. riather, jr. years vice presi
dent of the company.
He Is a Princeton graduate, for
mer director of the Community
Chest, member of the Cosmos, Uni
versity, Metropolitan and Chevy
Chase Clubs and of the Columbia
At the same meeting, Martin M.
Reed, who has been secretary, was
elected executive vice president. He
is a lawyer ana a native of Phila
T. Webber Wilson,
Former Judge, Dies
■y the Associated Press
COLDWATER, Miss., Jan. 31.—T.
Weber Wilson, 55, former member
of the House, former Judge, and
once chairman of the Federal Parole
Board, died last night after an
illness of three months.
He served in Congress from 1923
In 1935, T. Webber Wilson was re
moved from the Federal bench in
the Virgin Islands, a position he at
tained in 1933, after Secretary of the
Interior Ickes accused him before
a Senate committee of "bringing
the administration of American
justice into disrepute in the Virgin
President Roosevelt removed
Judge Wilson, but a few weeks later
another violent controversy was
started when it was revealed that
Dr. Amy N. Stannard had been re
quested to resign f~om the Federal
Parole Board to create a vacancy
for Judge Wilson.
The then Attorney General Cum
mings requested the resignation of
Dr. Stannard. an expert on abnor
mal behavior of criminals, and in a
letter to her gave as the reason the
desire to "create a vacancy on the
10 Million Buy
ly th· Auociottd Pr««
NEW YORK, Jan. 31—A rabbit's
foot to bring luck costs from 10 cents
to $5, and Americans have bought
10,000,000 of them.
They also spend $125,000,000 an
nually on fortune tellers, John R.
Saunders, associate curator of educa
tion at the American Museum ol
Natural History, told the Cooper
Union Forum last night.
The sale of dream books, hor
oscopes. lucky charms, and othei
items for the superstitious has be
come a big business, Mr. Saunders
The big cost of this is not financial
he added, but in our thinking.
The problems of today, Mr
Saunders said, call for "clear think
ing free of the hindrances of bias
error, and unfounded beliefs oi
superstitions. Superstition is an intel
lectual cost which, if we allow it tc
increase, may well prohibit th(
progress of human welfare."
When the Romans occupied Brit
ain, they used Iron nails In their
Jaycees in Alexandria
To Pick Young Man of'47
The Alexandria Junior Chamber i
of Commerce will name the city's
young man of 1947 at the organiza
tion's annual banquet at 7 o'clock;
tonight in the terrace dining room|
of the National Airport.
Each year, the chamber chooses
a man between the ages of 21 and 35
in the city whom they believe hasj
shown outstanding community serv-1
ice. The young man chosen receives
a medal and citation acknowledging
Rover Will Address
Former United States District At
torney Leo A. Rover will speak to
morrow at a communion breakfast
of the John F. Madigan Post, Cath
olic War Veterans, at St. Charles
School Hall, Arlington.
The Rev. Thomas Scannell, post
chaplain, will celebrate a memorial
mass at 7:30 a.m. for deceased Cath
olic war veterans before the break
Lay guests expected to attend in
clude Max H. Sorenson, national
commander of the Catholic War
Veterans; Eugene Taggert, national
liaison officer, and Bernard Schmidt,
grand knight of the Edward Doug
las Whit« Council, Knights of Co
Joseph M. Dawson, post com
mander. Invited all Catholic veter
ans of the area to participate.
M/Sergt. Wilfred Vienneau, USMC,
post officer of the day, will be in
charge of the honor guard.
The post auxiliary and the La
dies' Club of St. Charles Parish will
prepare the breakfast, under super
vision of Mrs. Emily Moore, auxil
iary president, and Mrs. Regina De
laney, third vice president.
The post announced that all Cath
olic veterans are invited to attend
its February meeting Monday in the
Knights of Columbus Hall, Claren
(Continued From First Page.)
considered calling the Coast Guard
to help by sending an icelyeaker.
One Coast Guard cutter reported
that the upper reaches of the bay
had ice so thick that "only full
powered vessels" were able to get
through, seriously hampering fuel
oil supplies carried by barge from
Snow and ice lingering on Wash
ington streets, meanwhile, account
ed for sledding accidents last night
that injured five persons.
Two In Arlington Hurt.
Francis Mayhew, 23, of 1004 I
street N.E. and Miss Marian Dean,
"33, of 515 North Nelson street, Ar
lington, were on a sled which col
lided with an automobile at Adams
street and Downing place N.E. yes
terday. Mr. Mayhew was admitted
at Casualty Hospital with leg and
arm injuries while Miss Dean was
treated and released. Police listed
the driver of the automobile as
Wade F. Hobbs, jr., 28, of 132;
Downing place Ν. Ε
William H. Hoch, 4, of 4020 ΐ
street S.E. struck a parked car near
i his home while sledding and was
removed to Children's Hospital with
cuts. Mary Ann Mason, 14, colored
of 765 Nineteenth street N.E., suf
fered a possible hip fracture when
her sled collided with an automobile
driven by Philip Harris, 28, colored
of 1733 Τ street N.E., according to
police. She was taken to Casualty
Hospital. Henry S. Wheeler, 11, col
ored. of 1337 Stevens road S.E. also
hit a parked car near his home while
sledding and suffered cuts.
District of Columbia—Increasing
cloudiness yith highest temperature
about 22 degrees this afternoon
Cloudy and continued cold with
some light snow late tonight or to
morrow. The lowest temperature
will be around 12 degrees. Some
what lower in the suburbs.
Virginia—Cloudy and continued
cold with some light snow in south
west portion and over east and north
portion late tonight and tomorrow.
Maryland—Cloudy, continued colc
with some light snow late tonight 01
Wind velocity, 5 miles per hour;
(Prom American Automobile Association
Roadi in Eastern Maryland and Vir
glnia mostly clear with a lew slipper:
spots; no chains needed. West Virgtnii
and Western Maryland roads, slow an<
slippery; chains necessary.
(Prom 0. 8 Eneineers.i
Potomac River clear at Harpers Fern
and at Great Falls; Shenandoah clear a;
Yesterday. Pet Today Pet
.Noon K! Midnight Hi
4 n.m. 5.1 X a.m. 84
8 p.m. 51 I p.m · δ;
High and Low lor lesterday.
High, 'J8. at 12:4": p.m.
I Low. 15. at 11:58 p.m.
Record Temperatnrea Tbla Tear.
Highest. «2. on January »
Lowest, 5. on January 26.
(Furnished by United States Coast
and Qaodetlr Survey )
High 12:19 a.m. 12:45 a m
Low 6:42 a.m. » 7:31 a m
High - 1:10 ρ m
Low 7:11p m. 8 0S ρ m
The Bun and Moon,
Sun, today 7:18 6:28
Sun. tomorrow 7:1δ 5:2»
Moon, today 10:30 a.ir
Automobile lights must be turned οι
•ne-half hour alter sunset.
Monthly precipitation in Incbei In m
Canltai (eurrent mon'.h to date)
Month. 1948 Aver Record.
January 4.57 3.55 7.83 '3
Pfbruary 3..17 H 84 8
March 3.75 8.84 '»
Ao.-ll 3.27 (U3 8
May 3.70 10 nP 8
June 4.13 10 84 Ό
July 4.71 10.63 ;g
August 4.01 14 41 2
September 3.24 17.4 η .3
October 2.84 8.8 J
November 2.37 8.6» 81
December „ 3.32 7.56 0
"Degree days" of yester
Accumulated "degree days" 2,639
Truman Plea Marks
Of Polio Campaigns
President Truman marked the
10th anniversary of the National
Foundation for Infantile Paralysis
with a Nation-wide broadcast last
night in which he urged support of
the March of Dimes.
"The first line of defense in this
war against infantile paralysis has
been formed by your contributions
to the March of Dimes," he said in
the White House radio talk.
Contributors to previous cam
paigns. the President declared, have
helped thousands of victims of the
disease return to normal life, have
"brought new hope" to the hope
lessly handicapped, and "have
brought peace to troubled hearts of
parents who could not afford médi
cal care needed by a loved one."
V. S. Leads World.
He declared the National Foun
dation for Infantile Paralysis each
year has built more "barriers" to
protect American children from ef
fects of polio, but "it may take many
more years and many more millions
of dollars" before the disease is
Because of the Foundation's vigi
lance, no nation has been so well
armed to fight infantile paralysis as
the United States, the President
"I ask you to give—and give gen
erously—to the March of Dimes," h·
A check for $672,000, collected in
the last two "Miss Hush" contests
on the "Truth or Consequences"
radio program, was to be presented
to Basil O'Connor, president of the
National Foundation for Infantile
Paralysis, at the Carlton Hotel this
Mrs. Ralph Edwards or Beverly
Hills, wife of the show's master of
ceremonies, was to make the presen
tation at 2:30 p.m. In the two "Miss
Hush" contests in which the March
of Dimes has shared, program of
ficials said, a total of $1,215,000 waa
collected from listeners who tried to
identify "Miss Hush."
Also on the District front in the
anti-polio fund drive, officials an
nounced yesterday that four of 12
sombreros presented to the cam
paign by Republic Pictures cowboy
star Monte Hale had brought $242.
One Hat Brings S103.
One hat was auctioned at a Ki
wanis Club luncheon for $103 and
another at a Lions Club meeting for
$79, Edgar Morris, general chairman
of the Drive Committee here, an
nounced. Commissioner John Rus
sell Young paid $30 for one of the
hats and at a Variety Club auction
and a Republic Pictures official gave
$30 for another, he said. The eight
remaining hats will be auctioned at
other business and civic club meet
ings for benefit of the fund, he
Today's March of Dimes program
included a broadcast from the Statler
Hotel by Carl Green, WQQW chil
dren's story-teller. Children attend
ing the presentation were to be
charged a dime each for benefit of
the fund and parents were to give a
The YMCA's Army and Navy De
partment will sponsor a Mile o*
Dimes dance at 9 o'clock tonight in
the Central Branch YMCA gym
nasium, 1736 G street N.W. The
program will include numbers by
Marie de la Hull. Washington singer.
Teller Held in $1,872
A bank teller, said by the FBI to
have admitted he embezzled $1,872
from the firm during the past four
months "to meet the rising cost of
living," today awaited grand jury
action under $1,000 bond, after hig
arraignment before United States
! Commissioner Needham C. Turnage.
Robert E. Rhodes, 23, of the first
j block of Farragut street N.W.. sur
! rendered himself yesterday at the
field office of the FBI here.
Married and the father of one
child, Rhodes has been employed
as a teller at the Union Trust Co.,
Fourteenth and G streets N.W., for
three years, the FBI said.
When asked why he took the
money, he was quoted by the FBI
as saying he had to meet family
expenses heightened by rising living
costs. The shortages at the bank
were uncovered by bank examiners.
Rhodes, who was unable to make
bond, is charged under the Federal
Need (or Conservation
Stressed by Krug
The need for conservation and
effective utilization of our natural
wealth now is greater than ever. In
terior Secretary Krug declared last
He spoke at a dinner sponsored
by the American Planning and Civic
Association to honor the National
Park Service. The dinner was held
in the. Hotel 2400.
"Our expanding economy." Mr.
Krug said, "with our people fully
employed for the first time in
modern history, requires more ma
terials of every kind than the most
stringent period of war.
"Any objective analysis of our
resource position brings the con
.elusion that world peace and world
prosperity are closely linked an ι
neither can be obtained without the
most effective conservation and use
j oi the resources of the entire world
to meet the needs of the people oi
the entire world."
Newton B. Drury. director oi tlir
National Park Service, respoi/·'' ,0
the speech in behalf of the ■ cc·
Another speaker, Reprrcnt* five
Barrett, Republican, of Wyoming,
member of the House Public Lands
Committee, paid tribute to the park
Horace M. Albright of Ne» York
City, chairman of the association's
board, was toastmaster. Ma; Gen.
Xj. S. Grant III, chairman of the
National Capital Park and Planning
Commission and association presi
dent, conducted the meeting.
i Six FuelCo-ordinators
, Added to Maryland Staff
By »h· Ai«otiot»d P'···
r! BALTIMORE. Jan. 31—The State
' pjet co-ordinator's Office announced
>! yesterday the appointment of six
ί more county and city fuel co
They include Sheriff Guy Anders
' for Frederick County and Police
' chief Raymond Wells of Ellicott
City, Howard County
Cost of Snow Mounts
BALTIMORE, Jan 31 (Λ·).—'The
State Roads Commission said yes
terday it expected sr.ow removal and
road sanding costs this winter would
exceed the yearly average of $200,00®.
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