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Weather Forecast Home Delivery Moderate snow/ ending this afternoon, Q„_uaT, e*», <. high temperature near 25. Clearing, low The Evening &nd Sunday Star la near 12 in city and zero in suburbs tonight. delivered by carrier to all subscribers Pair and warmer tomorrow. at $1.20 per month when 4 Sundays; Noon_<.-17 6p.m_23 lop.m. ...21 $1.30 per month when 5 Sundays. 4 p.m.—23 9 p.m. --.21 Midnight 20 - Telephone NA. 5000. An Associated Press Newspaper 96th Year. No. 32. S WASHINGTON, D. C., FEBRUARY 1, 1948-132 PAGES. ★ IMSJS. TEN CENTS. &3B8? Democrats Seek $700 Exemption OnlncomeTaxes Vote on GOP Bill Due In House Tomorrow, Passage Expected By J. A. O'Leary The House is all set to pass th< $6,500,000,000 Republican tax cu biU tomorrow, but Senate lead ers will wait for more evidenci of how much this Congress i; likely to spend before they ac on taxes. House Democrats agreed yester day on a substitute tax program highlighted by a S200 additions personal exemption for each tax payer, but providing less than thi Republicans in overall reduction With a party lineup of 245 Repub licans to 185 Democrats and 1 Amer ican-Laborite, the Democratic sub stitute appears doomed to certaii failure. (Four seats are vacant. Tt. nrill orit'P oHminisfrntinn si in. porters a chance to vote for some thing partly like President Tru man recommended, however. Close observers predict that, afte f the substitute is beaten, som / Democrats will join in voting fo final passage of the Republican bill sponsored by Chairman Knutson o the House Ways and Means Com mittee. Two Plans Compared. Briefly, the two plans provide: Republican—Raise the persona exemption of each taxpayer and de pendent from $500 to $600; allov married couples everywhere to spli their income, as they now do in 11 community property States; cu personal income tax rates, startinf at 30 per cent in the low-wage brackets and tapering off to 10 pei cent at the top. Democratic—Raise the persona' exemptioh and credit for depend ents from $500 to $700; allow mar ried couples in all States to split their income; make up most of the revenue lost in these reductions by re-enacting in modified from the corporation excess profits tax. In announcing the Democratic plan yesterday, Minority Leader Rayburn said the revived excess profits tax on corporations would return to the Treasury the $3,200, 000,000 lost by raising the personal exemption to $700. He estimated the splitting of in comes for tax purposes by married couples would cost $800,000,000— the net loss to the Government under the Democratic plan. No New Taxes in GOP BUI. The Republican bill imposes no new taxes on corporations to offset the $6,500,000,000 its sponsors esti mate is being cut from individual taxpayers. Democrats insist the Republican bill will cost more than $7,000,000,000, and threaten deficit spending in 1949. The excess profits levy proposed by the Democrats would give all UUX pui atiuiia » cacuijjwuu, and a 35 per cent increase in the credits allowed under the wartime excess profits law. It would then apply an excess profits tax rate oi 75 per cent, as compared with 85 per cent during the war. Mr. Rayburn estimated the $3. 200,000,000 this formula will produce is about half of what the yield would be if the full wartime excess profits rates were revived. The ex cess profits tax was repealed in 1946. Mr. Rayburn announced the agreement on the Democratic sub stitute after a conference with seven minority members of the Ways and Means Committee, including Repre sentative Doughton of North Caro lina, who has advocated still an other plan which differs from both the Knutson and Rayburn pro grams. Doughton Still Undecided. The Democrats will have only one chance to offer a substitute, namely, on the motion to recommit the bill to committee, and Mr. Rayburn said after the conference they would "go along” with any motion to recommit that may be offered. He said it also was the sentiment of the group that he should off£r the substitute motion. Later in the day, Mr. Doughton, ranking minority member of the Ways and Means Committee, told a reporter that neither the substi (See TAXES, Page^A-6.) Clay Retorts to Reds On Righfs in Berlin By the Associated Press BERLIN, Jan. 31.—Gen. Lucius D. Clay told the Russians today the United States has the same rights —“no more and no less—as other occupation powers in Berlin. The United States military gov ernor for Germany was replying to a remark by Marshal Vassily Sokol ovsky, the Soviet commander, that the western Allies had no right to attend meetings which were solely of Interest to political parties in the Soviet zone. The exchange arose when the British commander, (Sen. Sir Brian Robertson, protested that Soviet authorities excluded two British of ficers from a committee meeting of the conservative Christian Demo cratic Union (CDU) in December. Russian officers attended the party meeting. Gen. Robertson, like Gen. Clay, declared Berlin was a four-power capital and not part of the Soviet zone, and that Soviet authority cannot exceed that of the Allied kommandantur which governs Ber lin. The meeting of the CDU, he said, was not a meeting of its mem bers in the Soviet zone alone but of its Berlin organization. The western Allies’ retorts are significant in view of recent attacks on them in the Soviet-sponsored press suggesting that Britain and the United States withdraw from Berlin in view of the merger of the British and American zones. Radio Programs, Page C-8. Complete Index, Page A-2. t 1 k Throngs Hysterical With Grief See Gandhi's Body Cremated Son Lights Pyre as Police and Troops Hold Back Thousands; Many Injured By the Associated Press 1! NEW DELHI, Sunday, Feb. 1.— iThe body of Mohandas Gandhi , was cremated yesterday on a huge pyre of fragrant sandal wood logs amid mob scenes ol hysterical grief. His son Devadas placed the coals to the four corners of the pyre un der the flower-blanketed body , Police and soldiers swung sticks and rifle butts td keep back a crowd ol tens of thousands which pushed and trampled in an effort to get a glimpse of the pathetic ceremony There were numerous casualties, but jnone fatal. | The flickering light of the pyre ; was‘allowed to die out during the night when it was announced that cremation W'as complete. Previously | it had been expected to burn for 36 ! hours. Devadas was to return to the burning ground today to decide whether the ashes will be preserved or cast into the holy Jumna Rivet or the Ganges River. Throughout the night groups ol worshippers visited the scene of the cremation. The Indian army was alerted throughout the country as tight lipped government officials remained in a high state of confusion. They : did not know whether Gandhi had been cut down by an assassin’s bullets because of hatred for the teacher’s nonviolence beliefs or for more sinister reasons. There were widespread beliefs that the assassination Friday was part of a deep-laid plan of extreme leftwingers to overthrow the old guard of the Congress Party now in power. It seemed certain there would be a reorganization of the cabinet, if for no other reason than complaints of insufficient protective measures about Gandhi. Rioting, most of it among Hindus themselves, continued in Bombay province where five more were re ported killed yesterday, but the dis orders were waning. Anti-Gandhi ists were attacked, particularly the supporters of the Hindu Maha Sabha, a militant party which has not subscribed to Gandhi's nonvio lence teachings. Police said they were holding 10 members of Maha Sabha. In limited localities of Bombay, police im posed a curfew to be in effect for the next week. Processions and public assembly were banned in greater Bombay. A curfew also was imposed in Poona, where, police opened fire and injured one when crowds attacked antl-Gandhists. The 25-year-old Hindu from Poona who was seized Friday after pistol shots ended Gandhi’s life, was arraigned secretly under the name of Narayan Vinayak Gadse. i He was held without bail for in ~TSee GANDHI, Page A-4.) Soviet Finance Chief Urges Largest Budge In Russian History $77,580,000,000 Total Provides Smaller Sum For Armed Forces By the Associated Press MOSCOW, Jan. 31. — Russiar Finance Minister A. G. Zverei proposed tonight to a joint ses sion of the Supreme Soviet (par liament) the largest budget ir the history of the Soviet Union With Prime Minister Stalin anc Foreign Minister Molotov among his listeners, Zverev called for ex penditures of 387,900,000,000 ruble) and a revenue of 428,000,000,0(X rubles in 1948. The amounts would come roughlj to $77,580,000,000 in expenditures and $85,600,000,000 in revenue. There is no free exchange oi rubles and dollars. The official rate is 5.3 rubles to $1 United States dollar. Stalin Makes Appearance. Stalin, making his third public appearance in 10 days, walked brisk ly to his seat in one of the real rows as the session began. Applause thundered through the huge Krem j lin palace as he appeared on the ; dais. The appropriation recommendec ; for Russia’s armed forces for the current year was 66.000,000,000 ru I bles. That would amount to 17 pei ; cent of the total budget and a cul of 2,500,000,000 rubles from the 194' military expenditure. President Truman has asked the ' TTnit.prf SFflfps Hnnarpw fnr 411 - AFL Opens New Drive I For U. S. Pay Raise; COnsures Congress Charges Lawmakers Are 'Callously Ignoring' Needs of Workers By James Y. Newton f Star Staff Correspondent MIAMI, Jan. 31.—The Ameri can Federation of Labor Execu tive Council today opened a new drive for pay increases for Fed eral workers. Calling on Congress to enact im mediately pending legislation which would grant a raise of not less than $800 a year to “public servants who are being victimized. by inflation,” the council accused Congress of “callously ignoring” the needs of Government employes. Unions of the postal service are spearheading the drive. William C. Doherty, president of the National Association of Letter Carriers, pushed a strong Federal pay resolu tion through the executive council | here. Mr. Doherty is one of the 15 policy makers of the AFL. Council Calls Bill a “Must.” “This is ‘must’ legislation,” the council said of the bill to give Gov ernment workers a raise. “No valid argument can be raised against it. The plight of Government workers, dependent on fixed salaries in these times of soaring living costs, has reached the emergency stage. They and their families have been hit hardest by rising prices and it is up to Congress to correct inis mass m ; justice without delay.” The council said there is an “ever \ widening gap between wage stand i ards in the Government service and the cost of living.” It pointed out that while postal employes received their last pay increase January 1, 1946, and other Federal employes got their six months later, the cost of living has risen 27 per cent in ! the meantime. 1 "That is the measure by which Government pay has shrunk in this period,” the AFL said. Many Forced Into Extra Work. It also was noted that most Gov ernment workers live in large met 'ropolitan areas "where the cost of i liVing has skyrocketed most steeply.” |The council said many Federal em ; ployes have been forced to seek | part-time jobs to supplement in | come. "Within the past year,” the coun | cil continued, "most employers in ! private industry have recognized the economic facts of life and ad justed wages to make up, in part ! at least, for higher prices. But Government employes, who cannot bargain collectively for wages or ; strike, but must depend upon the mercies of Congress, have been cal lously ignored by our lawmakers. That is a sorry reward for loyal and devoted service. "Congress has been considering the problem of attracting the high est type of officials to top policy making Jobs when the tangible re ; wards for such service are so low. It also should take notice of the fact that the Government will no longer be able to hire or keep high-type employes in rank-and-file Federal jobs unless the present niggardly wage standards are promptly and adequately uplifted.” 025.000. 000 for national defense ir the next year. Washington experts have contended that the Russians do not include in their military budget many items that are carried in the United States as national defense expenditures. U. S. Envoy Absent. Zverev declared Russia spent 361.200.000. 000 rubles during 194' and collected a revenue of 385.200, 000,000 rubles. He contrasted th< figures with the 1946 totals o; 307.000. 000.000 rubles spent anc 325.000. 000.000 rubles collected. The occasion marked the firsl time foreign newspapermen had seer Stalin since he returned to Moscow last December after a vacation or the Black Sea. He appeared to b< in good health. He entered th« chamber wearing his uniform as Generalissimo of the Soviet Unior and was followed by most of the members of the Russian Politburo Many of Moscow’s foreign diplo mats were present at the session including Mrs. Vijayalakshmi Pandit of India, and Manlio Brosio of Italy Two absentees were United State? Ambassador Walter Bedell Smith and British Ambassador Sir Maurice Drummond Peterson. Late Bulletin Radio Station Burns Fire early today destroyed the transmitter station of Radio Station WANN two miles outside Annapolis. Md. A short circuit in the main switchboard was blamed, Wil liam G. Churchill, chief of the Eastpoint Volunteer Fire Department, said. Chaplain Says Parole System Balked Aid to Convict Who Died A District Jail chaplain yesterday attacked restrictions in the parole system here which he said pre vented a prisoner from receiving prompt special medical treatment which might have saved his life. The chaplain, the Rev. David! O'Connor, O.P. of the Dominican House of Studies at Catholic Uni versity, accused the Parole Board of inaction in the case of Marriot B. Fasnacht, 52, who died last! Thursday in Gallinger Hospital of a bone disease. Fasnacht had been serving a forgery sentence in the! jail. Two members of the Parole Board, asked for comment last night,! pointed out the board was bound by a ruling of the Corporation Counsel that it could not grant pa roles merely for the purpose of giving a prisoner medical treat ment not available in District penal institutions. They said it had been suggested ' to Father O'Connor that he take r J steps to have Fasnacht transferred to the Federal Medical Center at Springfield. Mo., where special treat ment could be given under confine ment conditions. Fasnacht’s death at Gallinger was pronounced due to natural causes by Deputy Coroner Richard M. Rosen berg. According to jail records, the Lan caster, Pa. man was sentenced in District Court on August 22, 1938, :o from two to six years in prison tor forgery. He was paroled and ater arrested on an embezzlement charge which involved making out payroll checks to fictitious persons md cashing them while assistant production manager of the High Dairy Products Co. here. He was convicted and sentenced n District Court on October 9, 1944, o from one to three years on the embezzlement charge. When ttiat sentence expired, he began serving (See PAROLE, Page A-10,) k 4 Truman Appeals To Distillers to Limit Grain Use Asks Voluntary Action As His Allocation Powers Expire By Malcolm Lamborne, Jr. President Truman called on the Nation’s distillers last night to limit their use of grain on a voluntary basis to the rate of 2,500,000 bushels a month estab lished in January. The appeal came just a few hours before the industry was freed of grain restrictions. The Govern ment's power to allocate grain to whiskey makers expired at midnight. Mr. Truman also expressed regret, ir. a statement, that Congress had failed to act "in time” to extend his allocation powers. He said he hopes Congress will take favorable action as soon as possible. Mr. Truman asked Congress Thursday for a nine-months’ ex-, tension, saying the shortage of grain “jeopardizes the national se curity.” Hearings to Begin This Week. Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio, and chairman of the Joint Economic Committee, told a re porter yesterday that hearings on the President's request would begin this week. He said the tentative plan calls for joint hearings by the Eco nomic Committee and the Senate Banking Committee. The order limiting the industry during January to 2,500,000 bushels died when the House Banking Com mittee voted 12 to 9 against a bill which the Senate had approved, ex tending authority through Febru ary 29. An industry spokesman declared last night that he was confident distillers would “fall in line” with the President's requst for voluntary control. The Distilled Spirits Institute dis closed that prior to the President's appeal, it had sent telegrams to all segments of the industry urging them to be reasonable in the use of grain when controls expire. The institute represents about 65 per cent of the distillers, but in making its appeal, a spokesman said, it sent messages to both mem bers and nonmembers. Agreement Reported. It was learned that a number of distillers already had agreed to hold down their grain use during February to about half of the amount used last February, or be tween 3,000,000 and 3,500,000 bushels. Mr. Truman declared that "it is unthinkable that, at this time, when the need for grain as a food is so great, the distillers in this country should choose to use un limited quantities of grain in the manufacture of whisky.” He continued: “Therefore, I now call upon all users of grain for the production of ethyl alcohol, including both distil led spirits and neutral spirits, to observe temporarily the same con trols established by the grain con servation order of the Secretary of Agriculture dated December 30, 1947. “SDecifically. I ask them to use no wheat in the making of whisky, j I ask them to use as a monthly basis of consumption those limited quantities of grain set forth by the Secretary’s order as a quota for the month of January. I ask them not to disturb grain markets by rushing in and purchasing large quantities of cereals.” The President observed that “when millions face the threat of starva tion, the use of grain for the pro-; duction of whisky and other bever age spirits is a use which is clearly nonessential.” Mr. Truman added that the limi tations placed on distillers “are1 reasonable and have not. caused j (See DISTILLERS, Page A-10.) j Ford Local Orders Officers To Sign Affidavit or Quit iy th» Associated Press DETROIT, Jan. 31—Ford Local 600 of the CIO United Auto Work ers, biggest local in the Nation, has voted to compel five of its officers to sign non-Communist affidavits or resign. The local’s election committee an nounced today that 7.539 members voted to force the reluctant five to sign and 4,650 opposed. Only slightly more than 12,500 of the local’s 70,000 members at the Ford Motor Co. Rouge plant took part in the balloting. All other officers of the local had accepted an order to sign from the union’s general council, in accord ance with a resolution adopted by the UAW-CIO convention in At lantic City, N. J., last November. The five who refused to sign are J. G. Couser, financial secretary; William McKie, trustee; John Gallo, guide; William H. Johnson, record ing secretary, and Edward Lock, president of the plastics building unit. A joint statement by the five said the election was illegal under the local’s bylaws. "We do not Intend to resign.” the statement declared, ‘‘and we do not expect to be purged.” -■- i WhattheRussians Are Saying of Us The Moscow radio, broadcasting , in Russian to the Soviet Union, ' s aid: "Recently United States Attor ney General Clark reported that millions in America were sub- , jected to the humiliating pro cedure of having their finger- ( prints taken. To this police pro- i cedure, which is usually applied to criminals, all employes of the | Government departments of the United States are at present sub- ] Jected. By such methods the im- 1 perialists are trying to transform ] America into a police camp, or ganized on the pattern of Hitler- 1 ite Germany.” . FEBRUARY SUNM0N1UE WED THU EH! SAT 1234567 8910II121314 1516)71819 2021 22232425262728 fioUCAffBErn1! WORSE AND. YOU MIGHT/ ■W be better" VJ Hope Springs Eternal— House Probers Agree to Hear Teachers in Closed Session Report Asks Extensive Hughes Text Changes; Ban on Adamic, Rugg, Kreuger Books /* More Jnow Forecast, Followed by Dip to 12 Degrees Tonight 'Moderate' Fall Predicted; Tomorrow Due to Be Fair and .Warmer UNUSUALLY COLD JANUARY Reviewed in Story and Pictures, — Page A-17. Continued cold weather, with a “moderate” snowfall, was fore cast for the District today, as the Capital continued to shiver in a cold spell which enveloped most of the East. The Nation can expect slowly ris ing temperatures this week, how ever. according to the Weather Bu reau, and no new cold waves are in early prospect. The forecaster would not estimate in inches the amount of today's anticipated snow here, explaining the word "moderate” referred to the rate of fall rather than to the i accumulation on the ground. Clearing weather will follow to night, and the mercury will dip to about 12 degrees in the city and zero in the suburbs after nosing up to a high of about 25 degrees dur iryir thp riav oHHnH The Miller Subcommittee of the House District Committee, investigating history teaching in Washington’s schools, agreed yesterday to hold closed-door sessions to hear teachers who might hesitate to testify about “subversive” matters in open meetings. Plans for executive sessions were adopted at the request of Eugene A. Grady, a witness for the District Department of the Veterans of For eign Wars, which is urging a greatly stepped-up course on American ideals and the Constitution. He told the subcommittee, at yes terday’s final open session, that nu merous teachers would not testify because of "fear of repercussions’’ at the Board of Education. He j asked that they be permitted to ap I pear privately and be given "im. i munity.” I School Supt. Hobart M. Coming ! who had testified earlier, said teach ! ers were free to testify before the Miller Subcommittee and knew ol no reason why they should fear tc appear. The subcommittee, meanwhile had released for publication today I a report of its investigation of the Roy O. Hughes text, "Building Citi zenship.” In the report, the sub j committee recommended more ex tensive revisions of the book thar the author has said he is making. .While the author’s revisions woulc remove some of the objections to the text, the subcommittee held a re vision should be made to delete ‘‘all’ (See TEXTBOOKS, Page A-13.) Home Rule Hearings To Open Tomorrow; Sponsors Confident Joint Group to Hear D. C. Commissioners Starting at 10 A.M. By Don S. Warren Congressional sponsors of the j plan to give Washington an elected city government, with limited home rule powers, yes terday confidently awaited 10 days of public hearings that be gin at 10 a.m. tomorrow. According to Chairman Auchin closs of the Home Rule Subcommit tee of the House District Committee, the authors are prepared to hear many criticisms and to give some ground. He anticipates, however, rather general public indorsement. As he put it last night, after reviewing personal communications and re ports of actions by various public groups: “I am more confident than ever before.” He said he was de lighted at the public interest that had been manifested, even including the adverse criticisms. The hearings will be held in the Caucus Room of the Old House Of fice Building. They will be con tinued each morning Monday through Saturday this week and next, if there are that many wit nesses to be heard. Commissioners to Testify First. The hearings on Saturday are scheduled to run all day, to hasten completion of the examination of the 151-page bill as introduced by Representative Auchincloss, Repub lican, of New Jersey and Senator Ball, Republican, of Minnesota. The tiearings are to be conducted jointly Py members of the Home Rule Sub :ommittees of the two houses. First witnesses will be District Commissioners John Russell Young ind Guy Mason and Engineer Com- , uissioner Gordon R. Young, Cor poration Counsel Vernon E. West ind Budget Officer Walter L. Fowler. Manv nf the issues raised in recent Retirements Expected To Put Barrett Choices In 6 Inspectorships Progressive Turnover^ Taking Place This Year In Police High Command By J. Theodore Crown Retirements will bring about a major progressive turnover in the high command of the Metro politan Police Department this year. The changes probably will give Supt. Robert J. Barrett men of his own choice in six of the 10 in spectorships as well as in a num ber of other key positions of lesser rank. The first in the series of impend ing retirements—that of Inspector John H. Fowler—was disclosed last week. He is the department's bal listics expert and head of its train ing activities. These other inspectors are ex pected to wind up their active police careers during the coming months: Virginia Bus Service Disrupted. The forecaster used a phrase for which he had found little need lately in describing expected condi tions tomorrow—‘‘fair and warmer.” Park police said ice skating would be permitted on the Lincoln Me morial Reflecting Pool today—if it was not covered by snow. The sur face was described as ‘‘pretty rough." The continuing cold in neighbor ing states disrupted bus service in parts of Virginia through sleet coated roads, brought Chesapeake Bay oystering operations virtually to a halt and sharpened the fuel crisis on Maryland’s Eastern Shore. Elsewhere in the Nation, many shivered at home, as well as out-of doors. Pittsburgh, which registered a low zero yesterday, faced a coal crisis. Some householders were hauling fuel in handbaskets and automobiles. 28 Below in New York State. Low readings included Canton, N. Y., —28; Albany, —26; Phillipsburg, Pa., —24: Hampton Station, Pa., —32; Pellston, Mich., —26; Elkins, W. Va., —6, and Cleveland, —5. The number of workers made idle by reduced industrial gas supplies or other conditions caused by the persistent cold weather rose to (See WEATHER, Page“~A-5.) Lf. Gov. Cross Withdraws From Illinois Primary By the Associated Press SPRINGFIELD, 111., Jan. 31.—Lt. Gov. Hugh W. Cross withdrew to night from the April 13 Republican primary race for governor, leaving Gov. Dwight H. Green, seeking a third term, and Warren Wright, a former State treasurer, the principal contenders for the nomination. Adlai Stevenson, Chicago lawyer and alternate United States delegate to the United Nations, is unopposed for the Democratic nomination. [ A third remaining GOP guberna torial candidate is Maurice Simpson, a Chicago salesman. xnsixeciui wau*r n. 1 nomas, as sistant superintendent and execu tive officer, now on sick leave. As sociates believe he will be retired for disability. Inspector Clement P. Cox, chief ;lerk, who will reach the statutory retirement age of 63 this year. Inspector Milton D. Smith, as sistant superintendent and prop erty officer, who probably will be retired for disability. Inspector Ira E. Keck, a district Supervisor, who has been in poor Health and who will reach the re crement age this year. In addition, Capt. Benjamin C. iCuehling. commanding the 12th arecinct. and Lt. Joseph D. Harring (See POLICE~Page~A^Tj Thomas Still Improving BALBOA HEIGHTS, C. Z„ Jan. 31 T).—Margarita Hospital officials laid today Representative Thomas, Ftepublican, of New Jersey, con inues to show slow but steady im arovement? He suffered a gastro ntestinal hemorrhage at sea a week igo, while enroute to the Canal Zone. jublic consideration will be taken jp at the hearing, Mr. Auchincloss said. One of these, he indicated, (See HOME RULEr Page A-6j ~ }. C. Man Dies, 2 Hurt n Crash Near Baltimore (Earlier story on Page A-5.) One District man was killed and . wo others seriously injured in an lutomobile accident in Dorsey, Md., ' shortly before midnight last night, Washington police reported. j The dead man was identified as 1 Walter W. Foss, 31, of 26 Buchanan j street N.E. The injured are Charles leavers, 27, of 334 Fifteenth street M.E. and John Charles Foss, 23, jrother of the dead man. Police said the accident occured 1 >n Washington boulevard just out- ■ side Baltimore. Walter Foss was ■mployed at the White Oaks Naval 1 Jrdance Laboratory as a plumber. Hr. Deavers is a truck driver em- < >loyed by the District Highway De- i lartment and John Foss is em- I jloyed as an electrical helper at 1 White Oaks. All three men were < favy veterans. 1 Mr. Foss is survived by his widow, f Juelah. 30. and three children, i fames 7, Marjorie, 3, and Edwin, 4. 1 I Judge Barse to Renew Request For 3 More Municipal Judges Chief Judge George P. Barse of Municipal Court will renew his re vest for three additional judges for ;he court when he makes his official eport to the Attorney General and he District Commissioners some ime this week, it was learned yes erday. It is understood that Judge Barse yill underscore the increased bur len of cases in the court since the dose of the fiscal year last June 30. t record high of 125.570 new cases vere filed in all branches during the ear. In his report to the Attorney Gen ral last October, the chief judge loted an increase of more than 16 ter cent in court business over the ireceedlng year. Judge Barse point d out at the time that the court’s eceipts exceeded the actual con ressional appropriation of *430,010 sore than three times during the lacal year. At that time, and on previous occasions, the jurist stated more judges were needed "to dispose of a progressively increasing amount of business." His request this week is expected to follow the same general outline of the 1947 report. Meanwhile, Judge Barse an nounced yesterday that a special meeting of the nine judges of the court will be held with the District Bar Association's 16-man committee on relations with Municipal Court,! probably during February. In a move to expedite handling of cases on the civil docket. Judge Barse revealed that starting this week all judges, except the judge of Small Claims branch, not actually; tied up in court will be assigned: until further notice to hear argu ments on contested motions through each Saturday morning. Saturdays < are official half-days for the court.!: Oil Headed Here May Be Delayed By Icy Weather Evidence of Hoarding By Dealers Sought; Run on Coal Starts Fuel oil was headed for Wash ington in greater supply last night, but industry and Govem | ment representatives warned I that continued icy temperatures i might delay its arrival by river | barges and by tank trucks from I Baltimore. The fuel shortage was highlighted j here yesterday by these develop ments: A “tremendous run" on coal stocks; An official decision to inspect oil tanks of retail dealers to uncover possible hoarding or refusal to fill emergency orders; Moves to conserve the gas supply, which is affected not only by in creased consumer use. but also by the difficulty of obtaining fuel oU for gas production. At the same time it was an jiuuiiLcu mat 10 fcawun* ui iNU. 2 fuel oil and another 7,625 gallons of kerosene were provided in small lots to relieve emergency cases in the District and nearby areas since last Monday. New Allocations Start Rolling. February’ allocations of fuel oil covering the first 10 days this month, will start rolling in from suppliers to Washington dealers to morrow. But if ice continues to choke the Potomac and if extreme cold or snow hamper truck deliveries from the Baltimore area, Washing ton will be in for a “rough time," an industry spokesman declared. The barge "Elizabeth Hooper,” carrying 735,000 gallons of Navy oil to Washington, was stuck for several hours late yesterday in Potomac lice near Indian Head, Md. It was freed by a Coast Guard ice breaker and is expected to arrive here early today. | All except 300,000 gallons of this consignment is going to the L. P. Steuart & Bro. which supplies Gov ernment buildings and several thou sand residences, apartment houses and business establishments here. The 300,000 gallons will be ear marked for the emergency stockpile. All of this No. 2 Diesel oil was loaned by the Navy. The Steuart company recently ran out of fuel oil but received 700,000 gallons last Friday. The Standard Oil Co., which late last week received more than 1,600,000 gallons of gaso line and 265,000 gallons of kerosene, announced yesterday a barge is being loaded with 580,000 gallons of No. 2 oil at Balitmore and should arrive here within a few days. Cemetery Gets Allotment. | Fort Lincoln Cemetery was one oi yesterday s -narasnip cases. Tne cemetery notified the office of Fuel Oil Co-ordinator J. "Thomas Ken nedy that it had no oil to heat its chapel and crematory where several funerals were scheduled. Mr. Ken nedy authorized an allotment of oil. The stockpile from which such requests are filled, after investiga tion of actual need, last night con sisted of 119,000 gallons, of which 50,000 gallons have been set aside by oilmen—members of the Mer chants and Manufacturers Associa tion, Mr. Kennedy said. Describing the situation in Wash ington and nearby areas as still "tight”, Mr. Kennedy and industry spokesmen declared it should ease appreciably this week if the weather moderates and if consumers co operate by cutting down their use \ of fuel oil. ! * Steps to make more heating oil | available to the public are being taken by the industry but “their i full effect will not be perceptible for several weeks,” the National Pe troleum Council stated last night. More Equitable Distribution. “These steps,” Council Chairman Walter S. Hallahan said, ‘'provide for an increase in yield of fuel oil from each barrel of crude oil at the expense of gasoline; for seven-day operation of refineries; for the co operative exchange of products by companies in affected areas; for a co-operative readjustment of facili ties to speed up deliveries, and for the operation of committees to carry out the new program. Unlimited supplies of fuel oil will not become available but the effect of the meas ures will result in a more equitable distribution to consumers.” Mr. Hallahan warned that “the public should not be lulled into a feeling of false security” by this prospect of increased and more rapid deliveries. He noted that the demand for fuel oil is 39 per cent greater than • See FUEL, Page A-6.) EmaI Eimavaam All AhIamJ I Uvl LIIIVI^VIIVJ VIUVIVU (n Pennsylvania Town •y th« A lioc'n'»d Press BRADFORD, Pa., Jan. 31.—A state of emergency was proclaimed tonight in this community of 17,691 because of a fuel oil and natural gas shortage. Mayor Hugh J. Ryan, after meet ing with an emergency fuel commit- , tee formed yesterday, ordered , schools, stores, theaters, bars, bowl ing alleys and places of public en tertainment to close. The only exceptions were restau rants and one drugstore. Restau rants. however, were ordered to close by 9 pm. daily. The emergency order will remain in effect until the present cold wave ends. The temperature at 8 o'clock tonight was 10 above zero and fall ing. The mercury hit a low of 18 nelow zero early today. Ryan said pressure in lines of two ?as companies serving the Brad ford area had fallen dangerously. He added that some 600 residents in nearby communities were without jas and that a school would be kept 5pen tonight to provide shelter for hem. The Salvation Army and American Red Cross set up emerg ency headquarters and readied cota md blankets.