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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 03, 1948, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Mostly cloudy·, mild, tempera turns in 50s
today. Rain, possible snow tonight. Low
near freeing tonight. Cloudy tomorrow.
(Pull report on Page A-2.)
Midnight ..40 6 a m 40 Noon 51
2 a.m 41 8 a.m 39 1 p.m 52
4 a.m .40 10 a.m 43 2 p.m 53
Lot» New York Markets, Page A-19
96th Year. No. 63. Phone NA. 5000.
Guide for Readers
Amusements B-1Z-13
Comics B-22-23
Editorial A-10
Ed't ial Articles, Λ-11
Finance A-19
Lost and Found.A-3
Obituary .A-12
Radio _„B-22
Society, Clubs. B-3
Sports A-16-17
Where to Go... B-9
Woman's Page.B-16
An Associated Press Newspaper
City Home Delivery. Daily and Sunday. $1.20 a Month. When 5
Sundays. $1.30. Night Final Edition. $1.30 and Ï1.40 per month.
Τruman Asks Complete Overhaul
Of Federal Pay Classification Act
Regardless of Living-Cost Boost
Job List Revision
Might Give Raises
To Thousands
By Joseph Young
President Truman today rec
ommended in a message to Con
gress a complete overhauling of
the Federal Classification Act,
which sets Government salaries.
He said such a revision "is long
The President based his recom
mendations on the annual reporf
of the Civil Service Commission,
which was also sent to Congress
Revision of the act probably would
mean salary increases for thousands
of epiploves who would have their
.,ob duties reclassified to higher
Mr. Truman emphasized that
these revisions should be made "ir
respective of what the final de- j
cision may be as to further pay in- j
creases for Federal employes gen
House Unit Hears Pay Boost Pleas.
As the President's recommenda- j
tions were on their way to the Capi
tol, a House Civil Service Subcom
mittee was hearing testimony from
50 members of Congress urging payi
raises for Federal employes.
Thirty-five House 'members ap
peared before a packed hearing
room to present their views that
Government workers should earn
more and Chairman Butler of the
subcommittee said statements to
that effect would be entered into the
record frohi about 20 other legis
Τ obey Attacks Surplus Record
Of Reserve Board Nominee
Marshall Warns
Of Grave Peril to
Greece, Turkey
Forrestal Joins Plea
For More Arms Aid
To Keep Them Free
By the Associated Press
Secretary of State Marshall
and Secretary of Defense For
restal told Congress today there
is "grave danger" Greece andi
rurkey cannot remain free un
less they get more military aid
from the United States.
The two cabinet members testi
fied jointly to the House Foreign -
McCabe Can't Recall
Crippling of Planes
Sold to Chinese
By th· Associated Pr»$*
Senator Tobey, Republican, of
New Hampshire said today that
Thomas B. McCabe ordered the
tails cut off 11 nearly new B-25
bombers "to forestall bad pub
licity" from their sale to a pri
vate Chinese firm.
Mr. McCabe told reporters he
has no recollection of any such
order. He said that is all new to
Senator Tobey made the charge
as the Senate Banking Committee
opened hearings on Mr. McCabe's
fitness to be a member of the Fed
eral Reserve Board.
Mr. McCabe was in charge of war
surplus sales abroad from 1944 to
President Truman has said he
plans, if Mr. McCabe is confirmed
by the Senate, to name him chair
man of the board to replace Mar
riner S. Eccles. Shortly after the
President's action. Senator Tobey
said he intended to find out what
influence led Mr. Truman to demote j
Mr. Eccles to the vice chairmanship.
In the course of an approximately
10,000-word statement reviewing Mr.
McCabe's handling of war surplus,
Senator Tobey said Brig. Gen. B. A.
Johnson, who was Mr. McCabe's
commissioner in China, arranged
the B-25 sale.
The planes were sold to a private
firm owned by T. L. Soong. brother
(See McCABE, Page A-4.1
nuttuo v>uiimuiicc 111 t ui uiç
administration's request for $275,- |
ίΟΟ,ΟΟΟ to be spent on guns, planes
jnd other weapons for the two Na
tions. ' j
Gen. Marshall said that arming
the Greeks and Turks would be
'discouraging" to further aggression
igainst their countries.
Both Gen. Marshall and Secretary
Forrestal left little doubt they were
thinking of Russia.
Communist Intentions Clear.
Gen. Marshall said there is "clear'
•vidence in Greece and Czechoslo
vakia of Communist intention
igainst all Nations that stand in
the way of their expansion."
And as long as threats confront
Greece and Turkey, Gen. Marshall
said, there can be no assurance that !
American assistance can be stopped.1
Mr. Forrestal said it Is evident (
;hat "the military position in both (
:ountries must receive our first (
He added: |'
"Greece and Turkey lie on the '
fringe of totalitarian countries, j
whose actions leave little doubt1]
that they hope to extend their con- :
trol over these two strategically lo
cated nations."
Guerrillas Are Getting Help.
Congress voted $400,000,000 for aid
to Greece and Turkey last May. The ι
J275,000,000 additional the lawmak- ; ;
ers are now being asked to vote;
«rould be for spending in the 121,
months beginning next July 1.
The $400,000,000 was divided $300,- !
300,000 for Greece and $100,000,000 ,
for Turkey. It was originally planned '
that half of Greece's $300,000,000
would be spent to improve business ,
conditions there. But Gen. Marshall ! I
said $172,000,000 had to be spent for
military aid because of the guer
rilla warfare in Northern Greece.
Both the cabinet members said the
guerrillas are getting help from j
neighboring countries on the north.
They said that economic recovery
In Greece depends on first wiping
out the guerrilla nuisance.
Czech Ambassador
Here Quits to Fight
For Free Homeland
Slavik Believes Benes
Agreed to Red Demand
While Und«r Duress
By the Associated Près»
Czech Ambassador Juraj Sla
vik resigned his post today to :
"fight for a free Czechoslovakia.",;
Mr. Slavik announced at the Em-11
bassy that he is sending his formal j I
resignation to the new Communist-.'
led government at Prague. He said ;
he also is informing the State De- ; )
partment of his action. (
Expects Others to Follow. f
At a news conference, Mr. Slavik
said he is convinced that Dr. Eduard 1
Benes, Czechoslovak President, was f
under "duress and terror" when he '
agreed to formation of the new Com
munist government headed by Pre- '
mier Klement Gottwald.
The envoy did not say what he j
proposes to do in his "fight for a ,
free Czechoslovakia."
But, he said, "I am confident I j 1
dont stand alone." :
Mr. Slavik told reporters:
"I know there will be more of my
colleagues who will act as I do now.
There will be Czechoslovak patriots ,
who will fight for our ideals of free- ,
dom. The great majority of ouri
people in Czechoslovakia have these ]
iHpnls |,
11 Arabs Die, 27 Hurt
As Stern Gang Blasts
Haifa Residence Area
Truckload of Dynamite
Wrecks 7-Story Building;
Children Among Victims
By the Associated Press
JERUSALEM. Mar. 3.—A truck- '
oad of dynamite was exploded
η an Arab residential section
>f Haifa today, and police said
he blast killed 11 Arabs and
vounded 27.
Police said the extremist Jewish
underground group, the Stern
Jang, had taken responsibility for
he blast.
Several children were killed. It
pas the heaviest toll of life from
ι bombing incident since the blast
ng of Jerusalem's Ben Yehuda
itreet February 22, in which 55
lews were" killed.
The seven-story Salameh Build
ng, near Haifa's central police sta
ion, was wrecked. The explosion
ilso crumpled the front half of a
mllding across the street housing j
he Arab division of the govern- j
nent Welfare office. A wide area
vas shaken by the explosion. j
More Feared Trapped.
Army bulldozers and rescue crews,
ore at the wreckage, fearing more j
'ictims were trapped in the debris.
Two of the dead were Arab po
icemen, who were walking toward;
1 —- «-V... Unilrlinrr
The House committee has before
it several pay raise bills.
White House officials said that,
in the event'Mr. Truman should
decide to support a cost-of-living
pay increase for Government em
ployes, a revision of the Classifica
tion Act is necessary first. They
said the present inequities in Fed
eral salary rates would be aggra
vated still further if a flat cost-!
of-living pay raise were given Fed
eral workers without first revising
the Classification Act.
New Standards to Be Issued.
The Civil Service Commission and
the President recommended that
Federal departments and agencies
join in reclassifying all Federal jobs
in accordance with new standards
to be issued by the commission.
The President did not recommend
the lifting of the $10,000 Federal
pay ceiling, although he already is5
on record as favoring this. White;
House officials explained that this|
would be the logical outcome if Con
gress does adopt an entirely new;
classification act.
In his message. Mr. Truman took
occasion to pay tribute to the
"splendid service" rendered by Gov
ernment employes during the last
few years.
"The quality of this service has
been such that X can say with em
phasis that the investment we have
made in the development of a career
civil service over the last 65 years
has paid, and is paying, real divi
dends in the form of loyal and effi
cient service to the citizens of this
Nation," Mr. Tinman declared.
"I shall continue to see to it that
the civil service system is constantly
strengthened and that merit and
efficiency are rewarded by advance
Hatch Act Leeway Ur|£ed.
a»* iv^inotiAn that thp Prpsiripnt,
Must Reinforce -Greek Army. j
"No program of reconstruction," ι
Vir. Forrestal said, "can be carried .
>ut until the guerrillas are reduced
and military stability achieved, ι
rherefore. we must reinforce the j
3reek armed forces by furnishing .
mpplies and providing technical 1
insistance." (
Gen. Marshall and Mr. Forrestal
aoth said, too, that Turkey is under ;
foreign pressure and needs con
tinued help if her people are to be !
issured of keeping their independ- i
snce. ; <
Mr. Forrestal stressed the "strate- )
?ic military importance" of Greece
ind Turkey.
If Greece should fall under con- (
trol of a totalitarian minority, he 1
said, the effect on Turkey would be (
'extremely serious." Turkey, he ι
said, "bars the path to the ambi- ι
tions of any power coveting the rich i
resources of the Near East." J1
"In addition," he said, "the loss j1
of Greece and Turkey as free and 1
Independent states would have a
demoralizing impact on other coun-.1
tries which are struggling to main-:
tain their freedoms under most dif- \
ficult conditions. The consequences ;
of a display of weakness on our
part in this critical area are beyond
Letts Refuses Ruling
Without Realtor Trial
Justice F. Dickinson Letts of Dis-!
trict Court has denied the Gov- :
ernment's motion for a judgment ji
without trial in the civil antitrust [
suit against the National Associa- h
tion of Real Estate Boards, the!
Envoy Quits in Ottawa.
"I wish to live as a free man and!
I want my nation to be a com- ;
munity of free men."
Mr. Slavik has been Ambassador
since June, 1946. He was twice ;
Minister of Interior in Czech gov- j
ernment, holding that post during j
the war in the London exile govern-1
In Ottawa, Dr. Frantisek Neméc,
Czechoslovak Minister, announced
he had resigned along with prac
tically all his staff. They will re
main in Canada.
Prague Court Orders
U. S. Pamphlets Seized
PRAGUE, Mar. 3 (Λ>).—A criminal
court has ordered confiscation of a
three-power denunciation of the :
Communist seizure of power in I
(See SLAVIK, Page A-4.) Jj
Emissary Reported Sent
To Arabs by Truman
By the Associated Press ' ;
BEIRUT, Lebanon, Mar. 3.—The
Foreign Office said today it has re
ceived word from its Legation in
Washington that President Truman
is sending a special messenger to
call on Arab rulers and urge them
to make a determined effort to pre
ir» thp ΜΊΗΗΙρ EftSt.
···" -J - =
Arab-Jewish warfare continued J
•lsewhere in Palestine. Arabs dy
namited a highway bridge 5 miles
vest of Jerusalem, cutting all com
munications with Tel Aviv and
Jaffa, except through Arab terri
tory. The highway has been the
»cene of heavy fighting between
Jews, supported by British Armvj
jnits, and Arab snipers dug in on
lillsides. Ten Arabs were slain in
,'esterday's fighting in the area.
An armed Arab band Attacked
he Jewish village of Magdiel in
(See PALESTINE. Page A-4.) |
Vtan Found Unconscious
^t Foot of Stairs Dies
A 39-year-old man was pro
îounced dead on arrival at Emer
jency Hospital early today after he
vas found unconscious at the foot of
>asement stairs at his home.
Police said Edwin A. Stauffer, 1925
îiltmore street N.W., apparently had
alien down the steps and struck his
lead. His widow is Mrs. Mary
Stauffer, they said.
In a fall on steps yesterday, police:
■eported. Joe Culliam, 38, of 1235
Eleven-and-a-half street S.E. duf-;
:ered head injuries. Taken to Cas
jaltv Hospital by his brother. Jud
κ>η Culliam of 608 G street N.E., ac
cording to police, Mr. Culliam was
said to be in fair condition today.
might reverse his refusal to support
cost-of-living Federal pay raises
.several months ago was contained in
Mr. Truman's statement that "in
my opinion, the Congress should
enact these classification act recom
mendations into law irrespective as
to what the final decision may be as
to further pay increases for Fed
eral employes generally."
The commission in its annual re
Meat Packers Call
Strike for March 16
By the Associated Press
CHICAGO, Mar. 3. —A Nation
wide strike of 100.000 meat packing
plant workers was called today for
March 16.
Announcement of the strike date
was made by Ralph Helstein, presi
dent of the CIO United Packing
house Workers. The strike will
«tart at 12:01 a.m. March 16.
The union is the one which
«truck in 1946 and tied up the
meat Industry until the Federal
Government intervened.
The strike for a wage increase of
SO cents an hour was called against
Armour & Co., Cudahy Packing Co..
Swift & Co., Wilson & Co., John
Morrell & Co. and Hy-Grade Food
Products Corp. and other independ
ent. cnmnanlpj throuehout the Na
Costa Rican General Who Jailed
President-Elect Spurns Office
- ' ~ 'iir Ke namoH nrnvisinnfll Presi
SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, Mar. 3.—
Otilio Ulate Blanco, whose election
as President was voided by Cong
ress, is in jail today charged with
complicity in the killing of two
customs guards.
Ulate may be tried, may go free,
or may be exiled.
The Government must decide.
It must also decide whether to call
a special Presidential election next
month or have the present govern
ment-controlled congress name a
provisional president. The hold
over congress voided Ulate's election
Monday on charges of fraud.
The two customs Guards were
shot to death Monday night during
the hunt for Ulate.
Ulate's arrest was directed per
sonally by War Minister Gen. Rene
Picado Michalski, who supported
him in the turbulent February 8
elections. Gen. Picado is a brother
of the present President, Licencido
Teodoro Picado Michalski.
"This clears up the situation,"
Ge^ Picado said after the arrest.
lent οί Costa Rica if I wanted to, I
mt I am tired of all this. The
train of this job is too much forj
ne. I dont get any rest. I think!
11 leave for Mexico City Friday j
nd then IH go to San Antonio,
?ex„ where I have a little exporting
Observers said the arrest of Ulate,
/ho headed the Opposition Union
lacional Party, appeared to have
Token his party's spirit. They said
here seems to be little chance of
he nationwide strike the Union
lacional Party threatened as a pro
Ulate is .held in a military prison,
le was arrested after a police siege
f the home of one of his political
upporters. Police said that dur
ng the siege Ulate scaled a wall
nd entered a neighboring house.
i'here he and six lieutenants {
rowded into a bathroom to hide, j
Archbishop Victor Manuel San-1
bria agreed last night to act as
ntermediary. He offered Ulate, j
j^(See COSTA RICA. Pise A-4^ I
Washington Real Estate uoarss ana
16 of their officials or members.
In an informal memorandum.
Justice Letts said, "The pleadings
disclose genuine issues which make '
a trial necessary." 1
A hearing on the Government's ]
motion was held before Justice Letts
three weeks ago. At that time [
Justice Department attorneys con- 1
tended a judgment without trial was ;
proper on the basis of "undisputed
[acts and defendants' admissions." !
The Government's motion did not j
ipplv to a criminal court trial
scheduled this month on charges
that the national association and.
the Washington board violated anti
trust laws by fixing real estate
brokers' commissions in the District.
Both organizations were indicted '
August 27 by a District grand jury,|
but no individuals were named in
the indictment. A plea of not guilty
cas ent?""'·. ^ i
"We are willing to continue nego
tiations with the companies," Mr.
Helstein said, "although it is appar
ent from our previous meetings that
they are unwilling to give any real
istic consideration to the serious
economic needs of the packing
house workers."
Mr. Helstein said the big packers
last year earned more than $144.
000.000 in net profits before tax de- !
ductions. He contended the com
panies are able to pay the demand
ed increase.
More than two-thirds of the work- ;
»rs, he said, earn less than $1.10 j
fcn hour. The minimum male rate;
I· $1.08, with lower rates paid in
khe South and smaller communities, ΐ
he a*wi. ι
Condon Case May Be Expanded
By Probers in Public Hearings
Full $200,000 Expense Fund Approved
For Un-American Activities Committee
The House Un-American Ac
tivities Committee reported
today it has served a subpoena
requiring the Commerce De
partment to hand over on
Friday its full loyalty files on
Dr. Edward U. Condon.
Public hearings to expand its
harge that Dr. Edward U. Con
Ion is "one of the weakest links
η our atomic security" may be
ordered by the House Un-Amer
can Activities Committee.
The 46-year-old director of the
iational Bureau of Standards,
,'hich tests some of the Govern
nent's biggest scientific secrets,
coffed at the accusation. He ad
ised the country to "relax."
The House Administration Com
nittee today approved an expense
und of $200,000 for the Un-Ameri
can Activities Committee for the
remainder of this year, the full
amount asked for.
Chairman Le Compte of the Ad
ministration Committee told a re
porter the granting of the fund had
no direct connection with the Con
don inquiry. He said it is for the
work of the committee generally.
Robert E. Stripling, chief investi
gator for the un-American Activi
ties Committee, relayed word to re
porters from Chairman Thomas
1. Commerce Department loyalty
records on Dr. Condon will be sub
poenaed today.
2. These may be used for public
hearings. 4
3. The committee "has no evi
dence that Dr. Condon is disloyal,'
but has ample information that he
; "has been at least indiscreet." And
J from a security standpoint, Mr.
: Thomas thinks it makes little dif
j ference.
! The Commerce Department Loy
alty Board was reported by Under
secretary William C. Foster to have
(See CONDON, Page A-4.t
Civil Service Agency
Can't Collect Data on
Congress, Group Says
House Committee Report
Quotes Commission on
Destruction of Files
By J. A. O'Leary
The House Expenditures Com
nittee held today that the Civil
Service Commission had no au
hority to collect information on
nembers of Congress in the flies
t keeps in connection with the
nvestigation of prospective Gov
rnment employes.
The committee report, adopted
inanlmously, stated the commis
ion has informed the committee
t has withdrawn and destroyed ail
uch information bearing on mem
bers of Congress.
The report concluded with a rec
immendation that Congress adopt'
ι joint resolution directing thej
;ivil Service Commission to make
.vailable to the representatives of j
ongressional committees "any andi
11 information in its possession1
learing upon the acts and opinions:
Decorator Testifies
Meyers Used Firm's
Checks to Pay for Job
Mrs. Neta Davis Tells of
$10,000 Contract in '41;
Lamarre Leaves Stand
By Robert K. Walsh
Mrs. Neta Davis, an interior
iecorator, testified in District
3ourt today that Maj. Gen. Ben
nett E. Meyers paid her $10,000
η çhecks drawn on the Aviation
Electric Co. of Dayton. Ohio, for
redecoration of his apartment in
;he Hotel 2400 here.
The payments were made in 1941.
she said, adding that Meyers also
jave her a (2,500 company check in
part payment for the decoration df
lis officers' quarters at Dtyton in
The witness, who also redecorated
:he White House last year, took the
stand after Bleriot H. Lamarre, war
:ime president of the company, con
cluded almost five days of testi
mony as the Government's key wit
less at the trial of the retired Army
Air Forces purchasing officer.
Meyers is charged with inducing
Lamarre to lie to a Senate War In
vestigating subcommittee last fall in
>f members or tne Congress or in- ;
lividuals whose activities do not;
all within the jurisdiction of the
Hoffman Heads Committee.
The report also stated that hear
ngs held last fall brought out testi
non\ that the members of the Civil
service Commission did not know
'the information contained in the
nvestigators' 'lead' file in so far as
t related to acts or opinions of
nembers of Congress was being col
ected or maintained."
^ The committee is headed by Rep
resentative Hoffman, Republican, ofi
Much of the controversy at the!
îearings last fall grew out of the
Jivil Service Commission's refusal
,o let the committee go through
he investigators' files.
Purpose Is Questioned.
Referring to this question in its
eport, the committee states:
"There is some question in the
ninds of the committee whether
his file serves any useful purpose,
lut there is no question concerning
he fact that it should be kept
ionfidential, except as congres
iional committees may call for Its
>roduction. The evidence indicates
hat it has not been held entirely
ionfidential in the past, and steps
nust be taken by the commission to
reserve its confidential nature."
<remlin Being Remodeled
MOSCOW, Mar. 3. UP).—The
Kremlin is getting its face lifted.
iVorkmen already have started op
srations on 14 of the 19 towers,
■estorlng them to original form, in
:hiding the opening of loopholes
rhich long have been bricked
->α ν iiig intj ν,ιο nau nw ...
terest in the Dayton concern.
Lamarre Denies Smear Attempt.
Lamarre left the stand with a vig
orous denial of an assertion by De
fense Counsel Robert T. Bushnell
that "you were told to smear Mçy
(See MEYERS, Page A:4.ι
Eight Jap Suspects Freed
TOKYO, Mar. 3 OP).—'The Allied
headquarters legal section an
nounced today the release of Maj.
Gen. Saburo Endo and eight other
Japanese war crimes suspects. Endo
was exonerated of responsibility for
the slaying of more than 30 Dutch
and British war prisoners at Kali
jati air base, near Batavia. The
others were released for lack of
evidence in other cases.
ly tti· Associated frmt
Herbert K. Sorrell, Hollywood
labor leader, testified under oath
today that "I am not now and never
have been a member of the Com
munist Party."
Appearing before a House Labor
Subcommittee, the husky Cali
fornien declared:
"If I had ever joined the Com
munist Party. I would just as soon
tell you because you can't deport
me back to Missouri where I was
"There is no law against being
a Communist, and there isn't a
thing you could do about it."
At the outset, Mr. Sorrell told
the subcommittee, headeérby Rep
/dont forget
District Officials Warn
Against Rent Act End,
But Agree to Changes
Joint Hearing Is Told
Transient Rooms, New
Houses Could Be Exempt
By Don S. Warren
District officials told a con·
gressional joint committee to
day "utter chaos" would resuli
if District rent control were nol
continued for at least a year, bul
they agreed to two substantia
These would be exemption of tran
sient rooms, including those in ho
tels, and hew residential conetruc
The hearing was opened today be
I fore subcommittees of the Hous
and Senate District Committee:
; considering the Buck and O'Har
bills, which As now written woul
extend the district's separate con
; trol law without change for a yea
beyond March 31.
The District was represented b,
Rent Administrator Robert F. Cogs
well, Commissioner Guy Mason am
Corporation Counsel Vernon Ε
Hotel Man Asks Exemptions.
Another witness during the morn
ing was Frank E. Weakly, presiden
of the Hotel Association, who aske(
that hotel and transient rooms b<
exempted on the ground that recen
surveys show there no longer is ί
shortage in such accommodations.
The Washington Real Estât
DOaiQ, repieSCIHCU U.v il·» IJlcaiurm
F. Moran McConihe. insisted tha
any measure extending District ren
control should provide the same ex
emptions and the same privilege
and have the same expiration date
as the Federal law. These provision
would include a 15 per cent rent in
crease, by voluntary agreements be
tween landlord and tenant.
Because the House has not ye
acted on a Senate national bill, thi
realty board asked delay in actio!
on the District measure and thi
substitution of a stopgap 30-day ex
tension bill.
Says Control Is Undemocratic.
"We definitely see no reason," hi
said, "why property owners of th
District should not be treated a
fairly and reasonably as those il
other parts of the country."
A similar position was taken b:
Late News
Britain Exhausts Loan
Britain has exhausted its
S3.*50.000.000 loan from the
United States with a final
5100,000.000 draft, the Treas
ury disclosed today. Original
ly expected to last three to five
years, the loan funds held out
only 19'/3 months.
Vandenbèrg Rejects Plan
Senator Vandenberg, Repub
lican, of Michigan flatly re
jected today a proposal by a
group of Republican Senators
to set up a new international
agency to checkmate com
mun'sm in the world.
(Earlier Story on Page A-5.)
Film Labor Leader Emphatic
In Denying He Ever Was a Red
— V» U1I —
ί rCSCniHUVK X\cai uo, iwpuwiavu«t
Pennsylvania, that he would "e;
pose the filth in labor relations I
the movie industry."
He added: "I am going to ca
names high in your Governmei
offices and expose them."
The witness testified that tl
ί trouble behind the present H0II3
wood movie strike, which the sut
committee is investigating, bega
in 1934 or 1935. At that time, h
said, the AFL International All
ance of Theatrical Stage Employi
'headed by George Brown "made
deal with Schenck."
Nichole* Schenck 1* president 1
Loews, Inc.
"That's where the conepirac
started," Mr. Sorrell said#
Brothers Admit
2 Taxi Killings,
Barrett Says
Confessions Signed
After Five Hours
Of Police Grilling
Two brothers seized in a re
lentless drive by an aroused
police force have admitted the
I brutal slaying of two Washing
ton taxicab drivers, Supt. Robert
J. Barrett said today.
Apparently clearing up two of
three week-end murders, the ar
rests were made less than three
hours after police strength was
doubled last night in an all-out
! Charged on two counts of murder
I each were George Alfred Garner, 25,
1 of the first block of Hanover street
N.W.. and Lawrence Joseph Gar
| ncr, 23, of the 2100 block of L street
N.W., colored.
I Written confessions obtained in
nve Hours or questioning Dranaea
Lawrence Garner as the "trigger
man" in the Friday night slaying of
James Hardy, 32, colored. 647 G
street N.E.. and Howard Jones, 37,
colored, 417 Irving street N.W.
Pleas Were Ignored.
In each case the taxi drivers
were robbed, beaten and shot and
dumped out of the cabs.
Arraigned before United States
Commissioner Needham C. Turnage
today, the brothers were held with
out bond for action of the coroner.
Detective Lt. Edgar E. Scott of the
Homicide Squad said it would be
about 10 dajrs before the police in
vestigation was completed and an
inquest held.
Dressed sportily, the Garner*
stood impassively before Commis
sioner Turnage, saying nothing
when he offered them a chance to
About 200 spectators stood out
side the office at Seventh and Ε
streets N.W., during the hearing
'and saw the brothers led away
handcuffed between two marshals.
When photographers attempted to
snap them, they ducked.
Crime Among Most Vicioi».
j Calling the crimes among the
most vicious in Washington history,
Supt. Barrett said he had learned
I Mi·. Hardy pleaded in vain for the
j robbers to spare him, appealing in
the name of his four children.
He said George Garner admitted
in his confession that he had beaten
I Mr. Jones over the head with a
J whisky bottle.
jj Noting that some of the men of
* the homicide and robbery squad·
,'jhad worked almost without sleep
j1 since Friday night. Maj. Barrett
. j praised them for "one of the nicest
r ! pieces of police work ever done
around here."
p |. Commissioner John Hussell Young,
. ill at home, telephoned congratula
I tions to Maj. Barrett and com
mended the entire department for
the speedy police work.
Linked With Other Case*.
Two other cab drivers, one of
whom was savagely beaten, identi
i fled the Garners as the men who
! robbed him at the point of a gun.
One of the drivers, Chester A.
Jackson, 44, colored, 3605 Warder
ί street N.W., was assaulted in an
,1 alley at the rear of 21 M street S.W.,
i on January 30. His skull was frac
' fnrert anH ho Ms robbed of $5 and
' his change carrier.
Chester Lee, colored. 420 Twenty
. first street N.E.. identified the broth
' ers as the pair who took $12, his
! change carrier and cab in the 1400
block of Third street N.W., on Feb
| ruary 26. The cab later was re
Investigators have a "good lead"
, on the murder of Meyer Meyrovitch,
' : 39. shot to death Monday night in
,;his 3tore at 90 Ο street N.W., Maj.
Barrett said. He refused to say
I whether the Garners had thrown
! any light on the case, but said they
! still were being questioned ajjout it.
! Annual Leave to Be Restored.
!i Maj. Barrett indicated he would
' rescind today his order canceling
' annual leaves except in emergency
! cases and doubling the force be
' tween 6 p.m. and midnight. More
than 200 policemen were working
double duty last night when the
Garner brothers were brought in.
ί More men will be detailed on the
night shift than before the emer
| gency order was given, Maj. Barrett
I said.
George Garner was arrested first
iat the Hanover street house.
Searching his room, detectives found
a wrist watch which he admitted
taking from Mr. Jones.
He was hurried to headquarters *
while a large detail remained at the
home in anticipation of a visit from
the brother. Their patience was re
<See MURDER, Page A-8.J
Inn Once Used
By Washington
As Quarters Burns
By the Associated Press ,
I Three Tuns Inn, the historic hos
telry where George Washington es
_ j tablished his headquarters while his
! army was at Valley Forge, was de
j stroyed in a $100.000 fire today.
upper floors, but all got out safely
as the blaze roared through the
three-story hotel In Upper Dublin
Township not far from historic Val
ley Forge.
Albert Wiesenauer, proprietor of
the inn since 1946. estimated the
11 total loss at $100,000.
it ! Numerous firemen were overcome
in the five-hour fire.
e In the critical winter of 1777-8,
- Washington's men encamped at Val
- f ley Forge. He spent the first few
η j nights in the log huts which have
e| been immortalized in history.
- j Shortly thereafter, the owner of
is j the most pretentious farmhouse—
a later Three Tuns Inn — invited
Washington to escape the cold by
if making his headquarters there. The
; house, built in 1758, had remained
y or" r ■ the Nation'» historical land

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