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Cloudy, warm today; cooler tonight with w**iuw ivr ncaUerS probable showers; cloudy and cooler tomor- ^ ^ Page. Page. row. Low near 52 tonight. (Pull report on After Dark-A-ll Lost and Pound..A-S Page A-3.) ■ W ~ Amusements ...A-16 Obitaary .A-16 Midnight ..65 6 a.m.63 Noon.65 I I Editorial'.“'“a*! StuV riV^*"B*1? 2 a rn S4 a n m ssinm « ■ ■ Mitonai .A-8 Society, Clubs-B-3 --®Q i£™-« Editorial Articles A-9 Sports _A-ll-13 4 a.m-63 10 a.m.59 2 p m,.65 Finance .A-15 Woman’s Page ..B-12 _Lote New York Markets, Poge A-15._ _ An Assorted Pr,sT Newspop*, 96th Year. No. 76. Phone NA. 5000. £***^HOBMi Mw. Dally and Sunday, $1.30 a Month. When 6 K /TC’Xrfra Sunday!, $1.30. Nlfht Final Edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per month. A _L o Tense Congress Awaits Truman World Program Reason for Decision On Report Tomorrow Remains Mystery GENERAL ACCORD reached by defense chiefs In Key West talks. Page A-5. A tense Congress today awaited President Truman’s report on world conditions as the Capital speculated on the reasons for the President’s unexpected de cision to go before a joint session of the Senate and House at 12:30 p.m. tomorrow. There was no hint from the White House beyond the brief an nouncement late yesterday that Mr. Truman would discuss the "foreign situation.” The increasing gravity of the in ternational situation was brought forcefully to attention again by Secretary of State Marshall, who told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee earlier yesterday that “the hour is far more fateful now than it was a year ago.” Those close to the President dis counted any sensational implica tions. They said Mr. Truman had been thinking that he ought to give the whole picture to Congress and the people and decided that now was the time to do it. May Spur UMT Action. It is expected the President will discuss foreign affairs tomorrow night before the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick dinner in New York and there was a feeling that Mr. Tru man might well outline the situation before Congress and the American people generally in advance of the dinner address. Announcement of the President’s address to the joint session immedi ately started a rumor that he would seek renewal of the wartime draft, but according to advisers that course is not in prospect now. It would not occasion any sur prise, however, should the President seek once more to spur action on the universal military training bill which is tied up in the House Rules Committee. The Senate Armed Services Com mittee postponed from today until tomorrow — after Mr. Truman’s speech—the start of its UMT hear ings. This course was suggested by Gen. Marshall. The Chief Executive used a sim ilar persohal appearance before Con gress a year ago to outline his “Truman doctrine" of American aid for Communist-threatened nations. It was the Greek-Turkish crisis of 1947 that prompted the “doctrine” speech. Hence the President’s ap pearance tomorrow will give him an opportunity to restate his view that; there is an urgent need to continue militarv helD to those still-troubled countries. Military Aid Hearings Resumed. The Senate Foreign Relations Committee resumes hearings on a $375,000,000 Greek-Turkish military fund today. The issue also is before the House Foreign Affairs Commit tee, which has announced plans to write the military assistance project Into a separate section of its Mar shall Plan bill. That $5,300,000,000 measure, al (See TRUMAN, Page A-5.) Alabama Town Hit By Damaging Tornado By th* A»so<iat«d Pr*t> FLORENCE. Ala., Mar. 16—Ap proximately 75 houses were de- j stroyed or badly damaged early to day when a tornado struck East! Florence. Clyde Anderson, businessman, said 200 or more persons were homeless in the suburb and that property damage would exceed $500,000. All communication lines into Florence were out. Facilities into Sheffield and Tuscumbia, south of the Tennessee River, also were crippled. The storm struck about 2 a.m. It was accompanied by a torrential downpour. The State Highway Patrol district office at Decatur, Ala., said several persons were reported injured. About the sanje time the tornado hit Florence, another twister struck near Greenwood, Miss. Several farm houses and barns were de stroyed there. AUSTIN. Tex., Mar. 15 I/P).—A 10 minute hail storm early today caused an estimated $250,000 damage. Ex tensive damage was reported to parked airplanes at the Municipal ricia. Holcomb Quits, Winship To Get South Africa Post Ey Associated Pross President Truman today accepted the resignation of Gen. Thomas Holcomb as Minister to the Union of South Africa. Mr. Truman nominated North Winship of Georgia, a foreign serv ice officer, to succeed Gen. Hol comb, former commandant of the Marine Corps. The effective date of Gen. Hol-j comb's resignation “will be estab-1 lished after your arrival in the j United States," the President told Gen. Holcomb in a letter. Mr. Truman said he is accepting! the resignation with deep regret, adding: "You have done an outstanding Job. particularly in the negotiation of certain treaties and agreements.” He expressed appreciation for t Gen. Holcomb's aid "in further ce menting the friendahip now exist ing between this country and the people of South Africa.” Gen. Holcomb plans to return to private life. I A k District Due to Feel Meat* Strike's Effects By End of Next Week Washington probably will begin to feel the effects of the packing house workers' strike by the end of next week, at which time meat is expect ed to become scarce, Sidney Kolker, chairman of the whole sale meat division of the Mer chants & Manufacturers’ As sociation, said today. He estimated the city had about a two-week supply of meat, but warned that if the strike continues more than a week “things will be serious.” Meat supplies will be par ticularly tight the week after next, he added. Western Reich Given Place in Aid Program By Paris Conferees Decision Is Unanimous; Action on Inclusion Of Spain Deferred th« Auociated Pr«i PARIS, Mar. 16.—The Euro pean Recovery Conference voted unanimously today to include Western Germany in the Mar shall Plan. Portugal proposed that Spain also be included. Action on this sugges tion was deferred. The recovery program will be financed by the United States at an estimated first year cost of $5,300,000,000. The conference of 16 nations completed its agenda this afternoon. Most of the 14 foreign ministers and two ambassadors who partici pated will leave for home tomor row. However, the “work group" of officials will stay for weeks to ham mer out details of the projected accord binding together the nations shading in Marshall Plan aid. Experts to Continue Work. The experts will go on with their work in closed meetings and release their decisions from time to time. Herve Alphand of the French for eign office read the report recom mending the inclusion of Western Germany in the recovery program. “It being impossible to achieve the economic unity of Germanv, it was thus reasonable that the French zone and tha Anglo-American bi zone be Independent members of the Committee fgr European Recon struction,” Mr. Alphand said. The three western zones of Ger many will be represented by dele gates ffom the Allied military gov ernments, assisted by “competent officials," Mr. Alphand said. The reference was understood to mean German officials. Mr. Alphand said the question of a vote for the Ger man delegates would not arise. Progress Report Drawn. The conference also adopted with out objection a report on progress, to be submitted to the United States. Foreign Minister Oesten Under of Sweden told the conference his gov ernment believed that “the moment has arrived to take a decision" for the reconstruction of Europe. Karl J. Burckhart, Swiss Minister to Paris, said Switzerland “would like to reaffirm its confidence in the nations" co-operating to restore Europe. He said Switzerland would make the “fullest contribution.” British Foreign Secretary Bevin said in a closing speech: "I am convinced that the fate of Europe and the world will be de cided by the intensity of our work during the next few months. The war against poverty and want will be won. We must be ready imme diately to go into action as soon as the European reconstruction pro gram is decided. We must bring hope and security to the working masses and liberty to all.” Portugal's Foreign Minister, Jose Caeiro da Mata, proposed that Gen eralissimo Franco’s Spain be in-: eluded. He praised Spain as hav-! ing made a great contribution to European culture and mentioned her "considerable agricultural re sources.” “It is not easy to understand how it would be possible to keep a coun try like Spain for a long time out side our deliberations,’’ Mr. Da Mata said. He approved the in vitation to German representatives. Britain and France proposed the nclusion of Germany, which before :he war was the industrial heart of Europe. A United States delegation headed Dy Harry Labouisse of the State De partment, will be available in Paris ior consultation, it was disclosed. American, 5 Others Die In Brazilian Air Crash ly A»ecial*d Pr«i« RIO DE JANEIRO. Mar. 16.— Wreckage of an airliner lost since Saturday was found today near Ju queri with all six persons aboard dead. One of the passengers was Albert Binder of Brooklyn, N. Y. Italy Acts to Meet Revolt Threat, Adds 30,000 to Security Force By th* A»sociot»d Pr*n ROME, Mar. 16—Italy has added 30,000 army men to public security forces and “can break any illegal attempt from the left to seize power,” Vice Premier Tandolfo Pacciardi announced today. In the critical period which will follow the national elections of April 18, the government "will be in an even better position to meet any attempted revolt," said Mr. Pac ciardi, who is chief of the cabinet's public order committee. In that period ^he new govern ment must be formed on the basis of the elections. Mr. Pacciardi pre dicted the Communist-led popular front will not get a majority. I He said the coalition which now makes up the government will be continued in the post-election as sembly. . Communists do not par ticipate in the present government of Premier Alcide de Gasperi, a Christian Democrat. Troops, “modernly armed, trained in street fighting and rationally dis posed about the country with due regard to danger areas,’’ will aid police in guarding against rebellion from the left. Mr. Pacclardi said. Some observers said Communists had suffered a severe blow from the American announcement that Mar shall Plan aid will stop If Italy goes Communist in April. Mr. Pacciardi, however, said he believed the State Department an iSee ITALY, Page A-6.) Meat Supply Faces 50% Cut Due to Walkout 100,000 Workers Quit Big Packing Plants as Truman Plea Fails By the Associated Press CHICAGO. Mar. 16. —Picket lines formed at the Nation's meat-packing plants today as 100,000 CIO employes were called out on strike despite a last minute effort by President Tru man to settle the wage dispute. The work stoppage, affecting ap proximately 140 of the country’s major and independent meat plants, is expected to cut in half the nation's meat supply. The strike became effective at 12:01 ajn. and immediately pickets were posted in several of the cities across the country, including Chi cago, where 20,000 workers are in volved. All of the major packers and scores of independent companies were affected by the strike, ordered last night by the 27-man Execu tive Committee of the CIO United rnc&ixig xiuusc w orders oi America. 150,000 Expected to Stay On. However, about 150,000 other em ployes in the meat plants were ex pected to remain at work. They are members of the independent unions and of the AFL Amal gamated Meat Cutters’ Union, which have settled their wage dif ferences with the packers. The committee, after receiving Mr. Truman’s telegram urging the [work stoppage be delayed while a 'special board of inquiry investigated j the dispute, telegraphed the Presi dent "the strike must proceed.” "A delay of strike action at this time would obviously serve no fruit ful purpose in promoting a solu tion of this wage issue,” the com mittee told President Truman. Asked to Work Until April 1. j Mr. Truman had asked the work lers to continue at their jobs until [the Fact-Finding Board reports to ;him on April 1. The presidential action was taken [under a section of the Taft-Hartley law, which Mr. Truman invoked re cently to avert threatened strike of AFL workers at the atomic energy plant at Oak Ridge, Tenn. Under the Taft-Hartley Act it is not mandatory that the union call off its threatened strike. The mere appointment of a presidential board doea not Impose any obligation either on the union or the employer. After receiving the board’s report, the President may request the at torney general to seek an injunc tion to halt the strike. Issuance of an injunction would require the strikers to return to their Jobs for at least 80 days. Would Be Submitted to NLRB. The law requires that the board restudy the dispute in 60 days and again report to the President. The final offer of settlement then would be submitted by the National Labor Relations Board to the workers for a vote on acceptance or rejection. If accepted, the NLRB would cer tify the results to the attorney gen eral, who would then be required to ask for dissolution of the injunc tion. If rejected, the President could refer the dispute td' Congress. as me striae deadline arrived, pickets started their inarch before the plants—about 78 independent and 62 operated by the major com panies, Swift, Armour. Wilson, Cud ahy and Morrell. There was no untoward incident in any of the cities from New York to Los Angeles. Wage Increase Demanded. The strike stemmed from a dispute over the CIO union's demand for a wage increase of 29 cents an hour. However, the packers offered a pay increase of 9 cents an 'hour, which recently was granted the AFT, workers. The CIO union on Sunday had proposed acceptance of the major packers’ offer of 9 cents, retroactive to January 12, and asked arbitra tion of the differences. The proposal to arbitrate was re jected by Swift, Cudahy and Ar mour. Wilson & Co., which also had offered a 9-cent-an-hour increase, withdrew its offer and was not in cluded in the arbitration proposal. John Morrell & Co., ranked as the fifth major packer, was not involved in the negotiations which usually set the pattern for the entire pack ing industry. Ralph Helstein, CIO union pres ident, said in a statement the pack ers "showed no disposition to seri ously bargain on the wage question.” He said the 29 cents an hour in- , crease sought would raise packing house labor rates from 19 to 28 per cent, depending on degree of skill. Plants in Wide Area Affected. He said the union’s wage demand was derived from the Bureau of Labor Statistics “city ■worker's fam ily budget.” Mr. Helstein said this budget, for a family of three, and assuming steady work throughout the year for 40 hours a week, would require an hourly wage rate of $1.39. The strike Is the second in 26 (See MEAT, Page A-5.) Complete Tieup Of Mines Likely Within 24 Hours More Than 280,000 Lay Down Tools in Growing Paralysis BULLETIN Ezra Van Horn, spokesman for the Nation’s soft coal op erators, charged today that John L. Lewis “deliberately brought about” the coal mine stoppage. He said Mr. Lewis had insisted that the opera tors join in “evading” the Taft-Hartley law in establish merit of pensions for miners. Mr. Van Horn agreed a pen sion could be paid under the funds now being collected from mine owners, but that it could not be as large as Mr. Lewis is demanding. . By the Associated Press PITTSBURGH, Mar. 16.—The mushrooming soft coal walkout today appeared likely to engulf most of the industry within the next 24 hours. More than 280 000 rvr 7ft percent of the soft coal miners, al ready have laid down their tools in support of John L. Lewis’ demand for $100 monthly pensions. The flow of coal to this steel capi tal came to a dead stop as thou sands more bltmuminous miners joined the walkout. All major steel industry and com mercial mines in the Pittsburgh Uniontown area were shut. The United States Steel Corp., leading steel producer, was losing its entire Pennsylvania coal output of 60,000 tons daily, with 14 mines down. Other steel firms affected included Jones <fc Laughlin, Republic, Weir ton, Bethlehem and Youngstown Sheet & Tube. All 23,000 members of the United Mine Workers had quit their jobs in Illinois and large quotas had stopped work in 11 other States. Explore Ways to End Stoppage. In Washington, United States me diation officials were hastily explor ing ways to stop the walkout. They were undecided what to do. The strongest possibility seemed that the Government would try to mediate as long as there Memed hope of a solu tion. The White House said today Presi dent Truman is studying reports on the soft coal walkouts. Presidential Press 8ecreta#y Charles O. Ross told reporters, however, that “nothing concrete” has been done. In 1946 Mr. Truman obtained a court injunction to halt a strike by the mine workers. There was no In dication Such a step Is under imme diate consideration in the current dispute. Court Action in Doubt. Even should President Truman seek another injunction against Mr. Lewis, there was some question whether the court could find any thing to restrain. Mr. Lewis’ con tract/ sighed by the industry last July 8, provided only that miners should work as long as they were “able and willing." The Taft-Hartley Act provides machinery for keeping vital indus tries going in a national emergency but it would take some time to get its provision into action. In West Virginia, 100,000, almost the entire labor force, had walked out of the Dits The Williamson Field in Southern West Virginia, employing 14,000 was shut down tight. J. J. Ardigo, secretary of the Wil liamson Operators’ Association, said he had no idea when the men would go back. Mr. Ardigo added: “As long as the men are able but not willing, they won't work. ' Maybe when the workers are willing, the companies won’t be willing and able.” Pennsylvania Near Close. In Pennsylvania, 48,000 out of 96.000 had quit. An operators’ spokesman declared. “This looks like the last day of operation until the walkout is over.” In Ohio the number of idle grew to 13,000 out of 16,000, and the walk-! out appeared to be growing rapidly, rhree of the State's largest mines were shut down. Utah, which has 3,600 miners, saw its idle jump from 700 to 3.500. A inion spokesman predicted 100 per cent absenteeism by night. Kentucky had 50,000 out, Alabama 20.000 and Virginia 9,000, while Wy oming. Indiana, Tennessee and Col >rado had smaller numbers off the iob. The walkouts came after Mr. jewis sent letters to his locals last ’’riday telling them operators “have iishonored the 1947 wage agree ment and defaulted under its pro visions affecting the welfare board.” Lewis to “Go Forward.” “This office," Mr. Lewis contin ued, “proposes to go forward in -equiring the coal operators to ionor their agreement. Your ears will soon be assailed by their out cries and wails of anguish. To relieve themselves, they need only (See COAL, Page A-6.) Bulletins Rent Rollback Beaten The House today defeated, 117 to 29, a proposal to extend rent controls to June 30, 1950, and roll back many increased rents to their wartime levels. The proposal was offered by Representative Helen'Gahagan Douglas, Democrat, of Cali fornia. (Earlier Story on Page A-2.) Red Cross Drive Passes 50% The Red Cross campaign for $1,080,000 in the Washington area passed the halfway point today when $589,769 was re ported collected. This is 54.6 per cent of the goal. i Heralds of Spring Four in Police Custody On Drinking Charges Die Within 15 Hours Coroner Investigates 3 Deaths at Gallinger, One in Precinct Cell Four meA in police custody on drunkenness charges died in a 15-hour period ending at 8 a.m. today, three in Gallinger Hos pital and the fourth in a thir teenth precinct cell, it was re ported today by police and Cor oner A. Magruder MacDonald. Autopsies were performed by Dr MacDonald on each of the men, who were Identified as: Oscar L. Gillette. 44, of Richmond, Va., who died in Gallinger Hospital »t 5:45 pm. yesterday. Charles Higgenbottom, 86. colored a taxicab driver, of 1838 Stanton ter race S.E., who died in Gallinger at 3 a.m. today. Melvin G. Dorn, 49, an accountant, of 1473 Irving street N.W., who died at 6:80 a.m. in the 13th precinct cell. Jack Pearl, 47, of 424 Third street N.W., who was pronounced dead at 8 am. today in Gallinger. Found Unconscious on Street. Dr. MacDonald Issued a certifi cate of death by natural causes due to a cerebral hemorrhage in the case of Gillette, who was found un conscious by police on the sidewalk in front of 1007 T street N.W., at 11:35 a.m. Sunday. Pirst precinct Pvt. G. 8. Lindner said Gillette was taken to Gallinger in a fourth pre cinct patrol wagon. He was charged with being drunk and admitted at the hospital for treatment of al coholism by Dr. Louis Green. Gillette showed no external signs of injury, Dr. MacDonald said, but he theorized the cereoral hemor rhage might have been caused in a fall. Higgenbottom was arrested at 2:45 p.m. yesterday while in an intoxicated condition on Potomac avenue between Eighth and Ninth streets S.E.. police said. He was booked at the fifth precinct on a drunk charge by Pvt. W. G. Winkle. At 11 o'clock last night, police said, Higgenbottom was stricken and was rushed to Gallinger Hospital. He died four hours later. Mrs. Higgenbottom told police her husband left home yesterday to get « hsolrAr'. HnSne/. U'tt,. kfa /-iT“n 1/4 (See LIQUOR DEATHS, Page A-8.) Body of Missing Man, 60, Found Beneath Apartment The body of a 60-year-old man who apparently had been dead for some time was found today under a Brentwood Village apartment unit at 2426 Fourteenth street N.E. Police said the man had been identified tentatively from a Social Security card as Charles A. Hep burn, 1501 Channing street N.E., a railroad brakeman, who had been missing since March 11. The body was taken to the Morgue, where Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald said an autopsy would be performed. Dr. MacDonald said a preliminary examination indicated the man nad been dead since about the time Mr. Hepburn disappeared. A workman found the body short ly after 10 a.m. while checking heat ing ' lines under the building. It was found in an unenclosed base ment which contained only heating pipes. Building officials added the pipes were checked daily in cold weather, but only once a week dur ing Warm periods. Short-Measure Bottled Liquor Found in 6 of 7 Stores Checked Discovery of short-measure bottled liquor in six of seven stores checked has prompted the Alcoholic Bever-j age Control Board to assign its en-j tire force of seven inspectors to as sist J. Thomas Kennedy, superin-, tendent of weights, measures and markets, in an investigation. The alcohol tax unit of the Bu reau of Internal Revenue also as signed an inspector to aid in the! check. ^ The ABC Board decided to par ticipate after a conference with Mr. Kennedy, during which he reported the two inspectors he assigned to this matter found short measure in bottles on the shelves of all but one of seven store* visited yesterday, j A Asked about hi*, a wholesaler theorized that poor-quality corks or caps had permitted evaporation of some of the contents. Mo6t of the short liquor was in' pint and half-pint bottles and was of the cheaper grades. The high-| grade liquor examined contained full measure, the inspectors re ported. Mr. Kennedy is not making any arrests at this time, he said, but is warding dealers to take the short measure liquor off their shelves. He olans to reinspect the places in the near future and if they still have short-measure liquor on their j shelves, arrests will be made. Agriculture Fund Bill to Permit Lifting of $10,000 Pay Ceiling House broup Votes To Let Anderson Set Higher Salary for 10 By Joseph Young A precedent-breaking provi sion lifting the $10,000 Federal pay ceiling to provide higher salaries for top-flight Govern ment personnel was approved today by the House Appropria tions Committee. In reporting the Agriculture De partment's 1949 appropriation bill, ihe committee inserted a provision which would allow Secretary of Ag riculture Anderson to pay salaries in excess of $10,000 to any 10 of the department’s top-flight employes selected by him. If approved by Congress, as ap pears almost certain, it would apt a precedent whereby other Govern ment agencies could have similar provisos in their appropriation mea sures. The committee said is was very much impressed by Secretary An derson’s recent testimony before it “that the gap between Government pay and pay in private industry has widened so greatly that many employes feel they cannot indulge their preference to remain in the Government.” Although Mr. Anderson said the department could not hope to match the salaries of private industry in (See PERSONNEL, Page A-6.) Department to Receive 543 Million for Year After 4.2 Pet. Cut By the Associated Press A 4.2 per cent cut in the Agri culture Department’s $635,332, 480 budget for next year was urged today by the House Ap propriations Committee. Besides approving $543,421,453 in new cash for the department, the committee recommended $65,000,000 for the school lunch program and $400,000,000 in loan authority for the Rural Electrification Adminis tration. The cash outlay includes $150,000. 000 to pay farmers for soil conser vation practices this year under the AAA program. The bill also prom ises a $225,000,000 appropriation for this purpose next year to cover the 1HS crop year. The $543,421,453 total okayed by the committee is $89,105,198 below the amount the department was given for the present year. Part of Cut Is Paper Shift. While the cash approved is actual ly $91,911,027 less than President Truman’s proposed budget for the department, $65,000,000 of the cut is a paper transaction. The President had asked for $65, 000,000 cash for the school lunch program. The committee instead ordered transfer of that amount from funds the department receives (See APPROPRIATIONS, Page A-6.1 Flemming Offers Plan To Simplify Federal Classification Ad Provides Only 11 Grades, Average Boost of $100, Rewards for Service By Francis P. Douglas Civil Service Commissioner Arthur J. Flemming today laid before a House subcommittee the tentative draft of a proposed revision of the Federal Classifi cation Act. The revision would: 1. Simplify the present Classifi cation Act. 2. Provide rewards for outstand ing service in Federal employment. 3. Provide for decentralisation of the administration of the Classifi j cation Act by making the Civil Serv JVC vuuiuuooiun i coprjuoiwn. jui standards and the departments and agencies responsible for the classi fication of jobs in line with those standards. The draft of the proposed bill was presented to the Rees subcommittee of the House Civil Service Commit tee. which has been considering va rious Federal pay increase bills. Average Increase of $100. The draft provides that the pres-1 ent 45 job grades would be tele scoped into 11. Mr. Flemming told the subcom-j mittee that a pay schedule con-j structed under the proposals, keep ing the present minimum of about $1,800 and the present ceiling of $10,000. would provide an average increase of little more than $100 a year, or a total of $88,000,000. He said the commission had drawn up a schedule at the request of Sen ator Flanders, Republican, of Ver mont. with a floor of $2,100 and a (See CIVIL SERVICE, Page A-6.) FBI Loyally Check Clears 1,005,994 Federal Employes House Committee Prepares Reply to Order Barring Access to Secret Files The FBI has cleared more than 1,000,000 Federal employes under the loyalty program, the Justice Department revealed today as the House Committee on Un American Activities prepared to move against President Tru man's Instructions that agencies ignore congressional subpoenas lor confidential loyalty records. Representative McDowell, Repub lican, of Pennsylvania, a member of the committee, said the group was preparing a formal reply to Mr. Truman's order. The order, he said, might give technical protection to dangerous persons now in Government jobs. FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover summarizing the loyalty check pro gram to date, said 1.005,944 loyalty forms had been marked "no disloyal data” and returned to the Civil Service Commission for transmittal to employing agencies. 777 Investigations Initialed. A total of 777 full field investiga tion's had been initiated, of which 170 had been completed, with the employes being cleared in 33 cases, he said. In five cases, the individuals were found to have left Government service; in 38, the workers resigned during the investigations, and 94 cases had been raferred to the Civil Service Commission for considera tion, Mr. Hoover said. He emphasized the FBI did not evaluate information developed and was not "the accuser, prosecutor or judge.” The President instructed execu tive agencies yesterday to "respect fully” decline any congressional de mands for FBI records or other confidential information regarding the loyalty of Federal employes. He said any subpoenas should be re ferred to him, and he would decide what, if any, information should be supplied in each particular case. Congress Action Needed. Prominent Republican House members, and some Democrats with whom he conferred, Mr. McDowell said, agree it would take congres sional action to override the Presi dent’s decision. But, he added, "we agreed that Congress should have the right to such information if we are to legis late on national security. The Pres ident's order leaves us no choice but to take action.” The conflict between Congress and (Bee LOYALTY, Page A-6.) i Margarine Tax Repeal Shelved By 16-10 Vote House Group Votes To Take No Action At This Session By Chalmers M. Roberts The House Agriculture Commit tee today pigeon-hoied lor the remainder of the Eightieth Con ! gress proposed legislation to re peal Federal taxes on oleomar garine. i The committee voted, 18 to 10, to t postpone all action on pending I bills or similar bills to the end of i the present session of Congress." A motion to reconsider was defeated by a similar vote. Fifteen Republicans were joined by Representative Granger, Demo crat, of Utah in killing all of the 19 bills before the committee. One Re publican member, Representative Hall, of New York, was absent. With the exception of Mr. Granger, all the Democratic members voted against the motion. The vote was taken in executive session at the end of an hour’s dis Delay Proposed by Andresen. One Democratic member said he understood that the Republicans had met with House GOP leaders yester day and decided then to present a solid front against any tax repeal measures, but this was denied by Chairman Hope. The motion to postpone action waa offered by Representative Andresen, Republican, of Minnesota, who was a leader of the opposition to tax re peal during last week's live days of hearings. The only hope remaining of bringing a tax repeal bill to the House floor for a vote at this ses sion of Congress is through the petition method. Minority mem bers on the committee, however, were not certain whether they would press this action since it requires signature of a majority of all House members—218 out of 435—to bring the bill to the floor over the ob jections of the committee. The Federal taxes which will con tinue in force are 10 cents a pound on colored margarine, and one quarter of a cent on the uncolored variety. Manufacturers must pay a $600 annual license fee. Whole salers must pay $480 a year to han dle colored margarine and $200 for the uncolored A retailer must pay a $48 license fee to sell colored mar garine and $6 to sell uneolored. Abemethy Assails Decision. One Democratic member of the committee, Representative Aber nethy of Mississippi was bitter at the result of the vote. He told re porters to "report it as a vote of part of the committee, not repre senting all Agriculture." He said the committee should take down pictures on the commit tee room wall depicting cotton pick ing. Cottonseed oil, along with soy bean oil, is a major margarine in gredient. The outcome of today’s vote was another victory in the long battle of the butter and dairy interests to retain taxes on margarine. Backers of repeal legislation had iiupea uie growing soyDean industry, which has brought large cash re turns to farmers throughout the Midwest dairy belt, might result in swinging enough votes to bring a bill to the House floor. But they hoped in vain. Chairman Hope said at the con clusion of today’s session that a mo tion had been introduced by Rep resentative Simpson, Republican, of Illinois to have a five-man sub committee “consider the subject" and study it further. No vote was taken on the motion, Mr. Hope said. The margarine backers were highly uninterested in such a com mittee and pointed out that Mr. Simpson had just voted to pigeon hole the repeal measures. Repeal Backers to Seek Rider. One other possibility remaining for margarine tax repeakbackers ig to attach a rider to the Republican tax cut bill in the Senate thig week. Two Democratic Senators, Fulbright of Arkansas and Maybank of South Carolina, have announced they will make this attempt. After today's vote, most of the members told reporters how they I had voted after Chairman Hope said they were free to do so. Mr. Granger would not say how he had voted, but other members made it clear that he had joined the Republicans in opposing the bills . The roll call was as follows: To shelve the tax repeal meas ures—Andresen of Minnesota, John son of Illinois, Murray of Wisconsin, Gillie of Indiana, Hill of Colorado, Hoeven of Iowa. Simpson of Illi nois. Gross of Pennsylvania, Fuller of New York, Bramblett of Cali fornia. Dague of Pennsylvania. Goff (See MARGARINE. Page A-6.) High in 70s Expected Today Despite Rain Despite scattered showers and high winds, spring weather was ex pected to send temperatures into the 70s this afternoon for the sec ond consecutive day, the Weather Bureau reported. The mercury dropped to 80 de grees at 5:24 o'clock this morning, which the bureau reported was the highest minimum temperature since last October 28. The high yester day was 71 at 2:56 p.m. The day's first shower began shortly before 8 a.ip. The mercury will drop to about 50 degrees to night, the bureau reported, and tomorrow will be cloudy and cooler. Yesterday’s wind kept firemen busy fighting more than 60 brush fires. Only damage reported by po lice from the wind was an electric wire blown into a tree in the 1700 block of Eire street 8.E. District firemen fought 22 brush fires from 7 a.m. to midnight, tha largest a blaze at Camp Sims, Md., which required 90 minutes to bring under control.