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Cloudy today, with some sunshine; highest . _ about 70. Scattered showers likely tonight, Aff„ n . * « ^ lowest in mid 60s. Tomorrow, fair and mild. and Found A-S (Full report on Page A-2 ) Amusements ...B-13 Obituary .A-28 RO * ' „ „ Comics..C-10-11 Radio .C-ll Midnight ..59 6 a.m.59 Noon.65 Editorial .-A-16 Society, Clube..._B-S I -5® ®aJn-.*® Ip m.Editorial Articles A-17 Sports_C-l-4 4 a.m-58 10 a.m..60 2 p.m..-66 Finance .A-29 ; Woman's Page__B-16 -Lote New York Markets, Poge A-29,_ _An Assorted Press Newspoper 96th Year. No. 92. Phone NA, 5000._**★ 4 WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 1, 1948-SIXTY PAGES._5 CENTS U. S. Keeping Berlin Link by Plane After Red Inspection Halts Trains; Truman Asks 3 Billion for Defense Squeeze on Allies To Leave City Is Strongly Protested By the Associated Press BERLIN, April 1.—The United States turned to the airplane to day in a political battle for Ber lin launched by the Russians with a drive to control ground entry into this capital from the west. The Soviet move resulted in shut ting off military train traffic of British and American forces from their zones to the capital. Authori- ' tative sources saw it as a Soviet step to try to squeeze the Western Allies out of the city. The Americans, British and French protested. A report on the crisis was rushed to British For eign Secretary Bevin in London. The Russian order, announced only yesterday and effective last midnight, requires all motor or rail passengers and freight to undergo Russian inspection at border con trol points. The Russians halted two British and two American trains this morning. Blast From Moscow. Simultaneous with the Russian action came a blast from Moscow at four-power government in Ger many. Pravda said it w7as at a^n end. The Communist Party newspaper said “the partition of Germany has become an accomplished fact.” From their sectors of Berlin the western Allies have attacked com munism. won the city election against the Soviet-sponsored Social-! 1st Unity Party, and in general proved stumbling blocks to Russian attempts to communize the capital. The Soviet-licensed press thundered against the Americans, British and French. Last night the Russians installed a cordon across the only interna tional rail and road routes leading from the city. Soviet check points insisted on passing on each Allied | national going in or out of the city, soldier or civilian. Soviet officers tried to board Brit- j ish and American military trains j and were rejected. The Russians j then refused to let the trains j proceed. I manes to Supply Americans. Blocked on the ground, the Amer-! leans took to the air. Gen. Lucius i D. Clay, the American military gov ernor, ordered the Air Force to sup ply the American community of about 10.000 persons in Berlin with food and passenger service. By international agreement, Brit ain and the United States have air corridors over the Soviet zone to airfields in Berlin, and can fly as many flights a day as they please. Tire Russians cannot interfere with the planes except by force. Trying to shoot them dow n would be certain to result In a most serious clash. Adding to Berlin's already great system of controls, the Russians have thrown up checkpoints in their sector inside the city, halting Ger man vehicles passing into western sectors and searching them. Soviet licensed papers said this was to halt i withdrawals of machinery from the Russian sector of the city. In the international picture, the Russians would gain prestige in some sections of Europe by forcing j the western powers out of Berlin.1 The issue arises at a crucial mo ment, in viewr of the coming elec tions in Italy and the struggle against Communism elsewhere in Europe. Train Travel Canceled. Allied authorities said, the Rus sian action, in effect, was a demand that the three western powers sur render sovereignty on their trains and submit to a squeeze on their position in Berlin. Gen. Clay said lor the time being all American military train travel; to and from Berlin is canceled. He said special flights from Frankfurt. American zone headquarters, to the American-controlled Tempelhof Air iSee BERLIN. Page A-5.) j Hardeeville, S. C., Is Hit By Tornado; Few Hurt By th« Associated Press HARDEEVILLE. S. C . April 1 — A tornado struck Hardeeville today, causing damage estimated at $40, 000 j Several persons were cut by flying glass. None was injured seriously.; Hardest hit was the Argent Lum ber Co. and a new tourist camp nearby. One resident also reported ronsiderable damage to Negro dwell-; ings in the lumber mill section. Bulletins Spaatz to Retire July J; Vandenberg to Get Post Gen. Carl Spaatz will retire soon as chief of staff of the Air Force and will be suc ceeded by Gen. Hoyt S. Van denberg. the White House an nounced this afternoon. Gen. Spaatz will retire officially on July 1. but will go on leave May 15. ^ Clerk Robbed of $2,000 A Clerk at the Safeway Store. 717 Eleventh street N.W., was reported robbed at 1:30 p.m. today of an envelope con taining $2,000 which he was taking to McLachlen Banking Corp., Tenth and G streets N.W. The clerk, Charles De Bord, 22, of 1508 Quarles street N.W., was shoved into an alley by the robber, a white man, ^•olice said. Red Action Brings Calls in House for Draft, Air Force Diplomats See Test Of Extent of Soviet Truculence in Making By the Assootattd Press Calls in Congress for immediate passage of the draft and building the world's greatest air force fol lowed Russian seizure of traffic con-1 i trol in Berlin. Representative Boggs. Democrat, j of Louisiana told the House today the Russian action is “a challenge to Congress to pass selective service i immediately and bring our military force to its full authorized strength.”! “I cannot imagine a greater threat to peace,” he said. Representative Rankin, Democrat, of Mississippi followed with de mands that America “build the greatest air force in the world.” He added that w as more important than universal military training. Diplomatic authorities suggested ; the clash between Russia and the western powers over Berlin traffic control may test the extent to which the Soviets are willing to get tough with the western allies now. State and Defense Department of ficials are watching developments closely. The issue involved are viewed as much broader than the question of whether the Russian military can inspect American. Brit ish and French trains operating be tween Berlin and the west. O'Neil Blasts Wallace As 'Russia-Firsler,' Asks UMT at Hearing Bishop Also Backs Plan; Green, Other Labor Leaders Due to Testify ly the Associated Press Henry A. Wallace was called a ‘ Russia firster” today by James F. O'Neil, national commander, of the American legion. Mr. O'Neil criticized the former Vice President while urging suppoit of universal military training. He appeared before the Senate Armed Services Committee studying need for a limited draft and UMT laws to strengthen the military forces. William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor, and spokesmen for the CIO and other labor groups were to be heard later today. Mr. O’Neil said some opponents of UMT “may be entirely sincere" in their stand. He said the strong est opposition came from those prompted by selfish interests or who “either knowingly or innocently, are prompted and inspired by the great est enemy of cur country and the peace of the world today—commu nism.” Must Halt Red Expansion. “The best example of this latter group,” he said, "was the testimony * * * by the so-called presidential candidate, Henry A. Wallace, a Russia-firster.’ who flouted every good American citizen when he said * * * he would welcome the sup port of Communists in his cam paign. * * *” Mr. O’Neil, who is from Man chester. N H.. said UMT is essential to halt Russian expansion. He added: “It is my Aim opinion that we require a balanced program for strong regular and reserve compo nents, with a powerful striking force developed around our air ■ power, but the base to make certain of the proper development of our security program in all branches is. universal military training.” The Right Rev. Henry Hobson of Cincinnati, wrho said ne spoke as a "private citizen and not for the (See DRAFT, Page A-5.1 Margarine Bill Petition Needs 34 Signatures Thirty-four more signatures are needed to bring an oleo margarine tax repeal bill to the House floor, margarine backers reported today j When the House quit yesterday, 184 of the necessary 218 signatures had, been obtained. Meanwhile, a House Armed Serv*: ices Subcommittee prepared to be gin hearings tomorrow morning on two bills to permit serving of mar-j garine to the armed forces. Under present law margarine may not be served soldiers, sailors or airmen. Spain Stricken From ERP After Truman Protest Inclusion Is Up to West Europe Nations, Vandenberg Asserts U. S. TO SEND Cargo of Planes to Turkey Today. Page A-2.. By th* Associated Press Senators and House members working out a compromise for eign aid bill agreed today to strike Spain from the list of nations eligible to share In the aid. They acted less than an hour after the White House announced that President Truman is “utterly opposed'' to this provision. The House put this "Welcome Franco’’ provision into its $6,205. 000.00C omnibus bill for a global American aid progiam. Chairman Vandenberg of the Sen ate Foreign Relations Committee announced the conferees' decision to drop Spain. The committee is made up of five Senators and five House members. Decisions of the committee are subject to ratification by the Sen ate and House. Ross Discloses View. Presidential Press Secretary Charles G. Ross had announced Mr. Truman's views while the congres sional group was meeting. Senator Vandenberg explained that the committee members felt it is up to other Western European1 nations, rather than the United States, to say whether Spain should be welcomed to the plan. Both Senate and House have voted for the .United States to put $5,300. 000.000 into helping Western Europe Senator Vandenberg said: "Tiie bill as originally drawn leaves membership in the organiza tion of participating nations open to any ether additional nations which may be invited by the presently participating nations. “Therefore the conferees feel that a decision respecting Spain is the; Taylor in Madrid, Will Consult With Gen. Franco Tonight By the Associated Press MADRID, April 1. — Myron Taylor, special American envoy to the Vatican, arrived here by plane from Lisbon today. He is to confer with General issimo Francisco Franco to night. American attaches an nounced Mr. Taylor refused to see American correspondents. No indication was given whether his trip was connected with the European Recovery Program. The envoy also is to see For eign Minister Alberto Martin Artajo and Enrique Cardinal Pla y Deniel, the primate of Spain. function and the prerogative of the 16 participating nations which have already organized themselves into a co-operating unit uflder the re covery organization.*’ Meet Again This Afternoon. Senator Vandenberg was aske<J whether the decision to exclude Spain was unanimous. First, he said that it was. Then he withdrew his statement and pointed.out that the action had to be approved by both the Senate and House members of the committee, each 6ide voting as a unit. Senator Vandenberg said the con ferees would meet again this after noon. but refused to make any pre diction as to w’hen an agreement w’ould be reached on the whole foreign aid bill. "This is all there is up to the ~SeeFOREIGN AID, Page A-4.P Medals Asked for 2 GIs j Who Saved 50 Soldiers By the Associated Press SEOUL. April 1.—The Soldier’s Medal was recommended today fo* two sergeants who braved a blaz ing barracks near Fusan in South ern Korea yesterday to arouse 50 American enlisted men. Four soldiers perished in the.fire Their names were withheld. Cited for bravery were M Sergt. John E. Guy, Kingston. Tenn.. and S Sergt. Roy J. Knight, Fleming ton, W.Va. Two U. S., Two British Trains Halted by Soviet Restrictions •y th» Associated Press HELMSTEDT, Germany, April 1. —Soviet authorities kept four Amer ican and British trains from pass ing through the Russian occupation /one today. They refused permission for the movement when the western train commanders refused to let Soviet officers inspect the trains. Russian authorities in Berlin ordered such inspections yesterday, effective at midnight. Two American trains returned to , Helmstedt. in the British zone, after I the Russians refused to let them | pass Marienborn without Inspection. Marienborn Is a Russian check point i about 5 miles inside the Soviet zone. Two British trains held by the Russians at Marienborn for several hours likewise were understood to be returning to Berlin and Helm stedt, respectively. One of the American trains was a combined milk and passenger train from Bremerhaven. The milk was for American dependents and chil dren in Berlin. One American train going from Berlin to Bremerhaven was allowed to pass early in the morning when the American train commander ap parently misunderstood his orders and allowed a Russian officer aboard to inspect passports and Army iden tification cards. i Capt. Raymond Bates of St. Petersburg, Fla., was commander of | the American Bremerhaven-Berlm r, (See TRAINS, Page A-P^ i Congress to Get Message on Tax Cut Tomorrow By Joseph A. Fox President Truman told Con gress today he would ask for $3,000,000,000 for new defense funds and a $375,000,000 con tract authorization for stock piling of strategic materials "to round out and balance our Na tions security program.” Additional funds may be asked later, the President said. Just 24 hours in advance of a message to Congress, in which he is expected to veto the $4,800,000,000 tax cut sponsored by the Republi cans, Mr, Truman sent a letter to House Speaker Martin outlining the new- demands that are to be made on the Nation’s finances, and explain ing: "It is my earnest hope that on the solid foundation of our foreign aid programs and a limited increase in our present military strength we can achieve a substantial lessening of the present international tension and move forward toward our goal of securing a just and lasting peace,” Detailed Requests Not Ready. The President s letter covered the over-all picture. He explained, however, that detailed appropria tion requests will come along later. Earlier, Press Secretary Ross told reporters it would be 10 days to two weeks before these are ready. The Piesident’s action, at this time, in Serving notice on Congress of the scope of the contemplated defense expenditures, was looked on as an implied warning against the threatened overriding of the ex pected tax bill veto. The $3,000,000,000 figure was bro ken into five categories—$775,000,000 for the requirements for additional military personnel, the same for aircraft; $860,000,000 for mainte nance and operation facilities and equipment; $500,000,000 for procure ment and production programs and $90,000,000 for research. The President said that out of this j sum the 1949 fiscal year expenditures are estimated at $1,700,000,000. The regular military budget for! 1949 already calls for $11,000,000,000. Taft Promises Early Action. The letter was sent to Speaker Martin a short time after Mr. Ross announced that the President's mes-, sage bn the tax-cutting bill would go to Congress tomorrow. It is believed certain that the President will veto the measure, and Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio said at the Capitol that GOP leaders have agreed to consider the expected veto immediately. The estimates sent up today were in line with those discussed by Secretary of Defense Forrestal at a congressional hearing a week ago. The text of the letter to Speaker: Martin follows: "In my address to the Congress on March 17, 1948, I stated that we need an adequate and balanced military strength to carry out our purpose of achieving peace in the world. To accomplish this objec-i tive a limited increase in our na-1 tional security program is re quired. Would Increase Stockpile. “As one element in building up our strength to the necessary level.' I am transmitting herewith for the consideration of the Congress, a draft of a proposed provision for a contract authorization of $375,000,-! 000 for the Treasury Department,! in the form of an amendment to the budget for the fiscal year 1949. This contract authorization is re quired to permit the Bureau of Federal Supply to enter into long term contracts for strategic and critical materials so as to increase the supply available for stockpil ing other essential needs. "The details of this proposed pro vision, the necessity therefor and the reason for its submission at this time are set'forth in the letter of the director of the Bureau of the Budget, transmitted herewith, in wrhose comments and observations thereon I concur. “In addition. I have authorized the Secretary of Defense to prepare detailed estimates for additional appropriations totaling $3,000,000,000 for the military establishment for the fiscal year 1949. While almost every part of our military program will be affected by the proposed in crease, the additions may be grouped in five categories: "First, $775,000,000 for the require- I ments for added military personnel, such as pay and allowances, sub sistence. clothing and medical care. Aircraft Procurement. "Second, $775,000,000 for the pro curement of aircraft, aircraft com ponents. and aviation research and i See DEFENSE, Page A-4.1 White House Rooms Pictured in Color Full-color photographs of rooms in the state suite of the White House will be repro duced in The Star Pictorial Magazine Sunday, not only on the cover but on two inside pages. The green room will be pictured on the cover and the red room, east room, state din ing room and President's din ing room on the inside pages. These are the first interior views made at the White House since 1940 and the first in color ever published by a Washington newspaper. Look for them in the Pictorial Mag azine of ^ ' I’ONLY BY DEVELOPING OUfT% |£^—' „ JMIGHT TO THE UTMOST,ONLY BY ^ FOR DECADES m DECADES IDEMOMSTKATING THROUGH EVERY 1 ltHATMi^™YPPFPA»FnwFwlACTI0^ANDA^^^^ THAT WE AREj prKmva WpSSfeoM pletely WILLING TO GO TO V 5£Ejrs RIF NECES5m ,s THERE 1 ™SIS AN ANY CHANCE FOR THAT PEACE I I LLUSION-^JPMSP^ WHICH WE SO EARNESTLY Which of the Two Faces Is Right, Henry? $650 Average U. S. Pay Boost Is Voted by Senate Committee Separate Bill Gives $800 to Postal Workers; Both Likely to Face Hard Fight on Floor By Joseph Young The Senate Civil Service Com mittee today approved legisla i tion to grant Federal employes an average $650-a-year pay raise. The committee also reported out a separate postal pay bill, granting a flat $800 a year pay increase to postal employes. It was learned that the commit tee was sharply split on the amount of the pay raise in both measures, and several committee members predicted that the bills would face a tough fight on the S/nate floor in their present forms. The vote on both bills was 7 to 2. but several members who voted tor the measures did so despite their belief that the amounts were too high. The House Civil Service Commit-1 tee met. in executive session today to consider its subcommittee’s $468 pay raise measure, but no agree ment was reached. It was reported that several members of the full committee advocated a more liberal increase, while others urged that pay increases be combined with a revision of the Federal Classification Act. as was done in the Senate bill. Tile committee plans to meet to morrow to continue its discussion. The Senate committee voted to break the present $10,000 Federal pay ceiling to provide substantial increases for top-level Federal offi cials. Cabinet officers’ salaries would be raised to $20,000; under secretaries and major agency heads to $18,000 a year, other agency heads and assistant secretaries to $15,000 and $16,500 annually, and top ad ministrative and scientific person (See PAY rAiSETPage A-4.) Chinese Reds Release 4 American Marines Seized Christmas Day Efforts Being Made to Recover Body of Fifth, Killed in Skirmish By the Associated Press SHANGHAI, April 1.—Four United States Marines, captured by the Chinese Communists while on a Christmas Day hunt ing trip in North China, were released today. American Navy authorities re ported the Leathernecks were re leased at Haiyang. a coastal city 60 miles northeast of United States Western Pacific Fleet headquarters at Tsingtao. There ■were no immediate details, but officials said they presumed the four are in good condition. Body of Fifth Sought. Efforts are being made to recover the body of a fifth, Pfc. Charles J. Brayton; jr.. Fort Jay, Governors Island, N. Y„ who died of wounds received in the incident. The four are Corpl. William L. Pollard, Fort Worth, Tex.: Pfc. Car rol W. Dickerson, Olathe, Kans.; Pvt. Robert Hart, Pittsburgh, Pa., and Pfc. Thomas Kapodistria, Buf falo, N. Y. There has been no clear account of jwhat happened Christmas morning j near the village of Wangtan Yuen, where the five were captured. Ma rine authorities reported the five entered Communist territory over the protest of Chinese national guards at Lingchan. The Communists reported Febru ary 1—in one of their daily propa ganda broadcasts—that the marines were particioating in China’s civil war on the national side. They said Brayton was wounded latally in a skirmish. Ransom. Demand Reported. The Communists later were re oorted demanding S120.C00 ransom for the four, but the United States Embassy in Nanking said it had no information on that. Marine Capt. John Bristow con ferred with Communist representa tives in Haiyang early in February. That rendezvous developed from leaflets dropped by Marine planes in Communist territory. But he came away empty handed. The Reds in sisted on a neutral go-between. Meanwhile, American vessels lay off Haiyang awaiting developments. Four of the marines were on leave for the hunting trip. The fifth was AWOL. Their burned and wrecked jeep was found by Chinese govern ment, troops shortly after the ma rines disappeared. Mother Is Overjoyed At Release of Marine BUFFALO, N. Y., April 1 JA’I.— Mrs. Aglaia Kapodistria was over joyed today at the news of her son's release after three months' captiv ity by the Chinese Communists. She said she and her daughter Katherine were awake In bed at 7 a.m. when they heard on the radio that her 19-year-old son, Pfc. Thomas Kapodistria, and three other Marines captured Christmas Day had been released a* Haiyang,, 60 miles northeast of Tsingtab. a Dewey Says Truman And Wallace Cannot Cope With Russia Their Plans 'Bankrupt/ He Declares in Opening Wisconsin Campaign By the Associated Press RACINE, Wis., April 1.—Gov. Thomas E. Dewey today charac-| terized President Truman arid Henry A. Wallace as sponsors of s "bankrupt” programs for deal-! ing with Russia and said a' “courageous, informed leader-j ship” could keep the United States out of war. “The time has come to begin to wage peace with all the rigor, the imagination, the skill and energy with which we waged war,” Gov. Dewey asserted in an address pre ared for a luncheon meeting here. “It is a tough job and a long job,” he added, “but we can be sure of the outcome.” In Milwaukee Tonight. The New York Governor s' Ra cine appearance launched him on a whirlwind two-day Wisconsin cam paign for delegate support of his candidacy for the Republican presi dential nomination. , He is contesting next Tuesday's crucial primary election with Gen. Douglas MacArthur and Harold E. Stassen for the State’s 27 delegates | to the national convention. Gov. Dewey's advisers say the Governor expects Gen. MacArthur, a “favorite son.” to lead the field. They predict Gov. Dewey will ob tain more delegates than Mr. Stassen, which is his avowed ob jective. In Milwaukee tonight, over a Na tion-wide radio hookup. Gov. Dewey will continue his attack on Mr. Tru man and give his own detailed pro ! gram for what he calls “a successful American foreign policy" to cope with the “growing danger" of “the i See" DEWEY, Page X^7) Krug Asks Governors Of 8 States to Seek Greater Oil Output Plea Made as Leaders Of Industry Consider Voluntary Rationing ly th« Associated Press The Government appealed to day for greater petroleum pro-1 duction. Secretary of the Interior Krug asked the co-operation of Governors of major producing States to bring about maximum output. He stressed, however, that sound conservation practices should not be ignored. Needs for the armed forces, motor end tractor fuel this summer, and neating and industrial fuel oil next winter require additional production, Mr. Krug said. His appeal went to the Governors of Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana. Michigan, Mississippi, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas. Oil Officials Meet. It was made public as oil industry leaders met to decide whether to set up a voluntary gasoline rationing system to cope with an expected shortage this summer. A 33-member Petroleum Industry Advisory Committee, holding its first meeting with Secretary Krug, was expected to offer plans to keep vital services fueled with gasoline and oil during the next 12 months. The session was arranged under trims of the Republican Anti-infla tion Act passed late last year. Essential Uses Cited. An Interior Department spokes man said the group would consider voluntary "regulations" to guaran tee fuel fbr these and other essen tial uses: Gasoline this summer—Farm ve hicles. planting and harvesting equipment: doctors’ cars, ambu-j lances, police and fire vehicles. Fuel oil next winter—factories producing essential goods: hospitals and schools; homes wllere there are small children or aged or ailing per sons. Government officials have said the gasoline shortage is expected to be f#it most keenly during the late summer harvests. A fuel oil short age next winter may be even more : critical than the one last winter, j they contend. But James Brown, secretary of the National Petroleum Council, minimized the shortage possibili ties. Gasoline stocks on March 20 were the largest on record, he told a : reporter. j "Unless the military comes up with greatly increased demands, there should be no need to ration fuels," Mr. Brown said. “There could be local difficulties for a few days at a time, particu larly in the planting and harvest seasons. But these will be caused mainly by transportation problems ; rather than production.” Mr. Brown said civilian usage this (See GASOLINE, Page A-4.) Chile Plans Anti-Red Action SANTIAGO, Chile, April 1 President Gabriel Gonzalez Videla today called an extraordinary ses sion of Congress for April 15 to dis ; cuss outlawing the Communist Party in Chile. West Refuses to Let Ruhland Use Police to Move Indigent Patients Health Officer George C. Ruhland today proposed sending .police to Freedmen's Hospital to move 10 indigent tubercular patients to Glenn Dale Sanatorium, but Cor poration Counsel Vernon West re fused to permit it. Dr. Ruhland. fuming at the re fusal of the 10 woman patients to leave Freedmen’s, disclosed the cor poration counsel's refusal and said he had written Mr. West asking him what to do. The question involved, said Mr. West, is whether the District would be liable to suits for false arrest and false imprisonment if the pa tients were ‘'bodily removed” from the hospital. The patients, whose removal *was ordered for lack of sufficient District funds to cdqtinue payments, yester day refused to get into the two am bulances sent to the hospital to get them. "I can’t understand why paupers won’t go where they're told to go,” said the irritated health officer. Dr. Ruhland said he £as cut off payments to the hospitals for the 10 patients as of last midnight.. "I don’t know how long Freed men’s is going to keep them with out pay,” he added. “Were not going to pay Freedmen’s $10.20 a day for these patients when we have a place for them at Glenn Dale where they can be treated just as welt and it won’t cost the District as much money.” The health officer also complained he wasn't getting co-operation from Freedmens. Dr. Paul B. Comely, medical di rector of Freedmen s. said the hos pital had been notified early in March that 10 patients would be moved to Glenn Dale. The hospital selected the 10 to be transferred When the ambulance attendants went to the ward yesterday, he said, the patients all refused to leave. Charles Buibridge, the hospital superintendent, then went to the ward and talked to each of them, but they insisted they wouldn't go until they got a reply to their ap peal to the Commisrionc . a ! Truman Calls In His Top Advisers On Coal Strike Clark, Schwellenbach, Krug and Ching to Discuss Next Move Top advisers were summoned to a conference with President Truman on the coal strike today amid indications that officials fear the Government lacks au thority to deal with John L. Lewis and the 18-day Nation wide work stoppage. Mr. Truman summoned lor a 3 p.m. meeting Attorney General Clark. Secretary of Labor Schwel lenbach. Secretary of the Interior Krug and Cyrus Ching. chief of th* Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service. The conference was called after some of his advisers advised th* President to step up action on th* strike. The new Federal Court showdown with Mr. Lewis was delayed, mean while, and new efforts were started to settle through negotiation the long-standing pension dispute be tween the United Mine Workers and the mine operators. Work Resumption Paramount. ft was indicated that top-level parleys were going on aimed at get ting the mine workers back to work. John R. Steelman, assistant to the President, reportedly was contacting high industry and union officials in an effort to bring the two sides to gether. President Truman earlier had postponed a request to District Court for an injunction against Mr. Lewis and the strike until he re turns from his trip to Williams burg. Va., Saturday. Federal officials frankly admitted, however, that their case for an injunction was weak and were even more fearful that such a court order would be ignored by the mine work ers if they W’ere able to obtain it. The Justice Department was bending every effort to build up the case before Mr. Truman returned from his trip. FBI agents were busily seeking evidence, both here and in the coal fields, designed to show that Mr. Lewis and his union are responsible for the walkout of the 400.000 miner*. Despite doubts of it* efficacy It was clear that the injunction method of ending the strike would be tried if Mr. Steelman is unsuccessful in negotiating a settlement May Go to Officials said they were ipreperefl"' to appeal to Congress for additional authority if the Injunction failed to end the strike. Under discussion was a possible request for the re-enactment of Government authority to seize and operate the struck coal mines. Mr. Truman also postponed, at least until he returns to Washington from his Williamsburg trip, the re lease of a report on the coal industry pension dispute, which was sub mitted to him yesterday by a board of inquiry. The board was appointed to investigate the difficulties as part of the Taft-Hartley Act procedure for dealing with "national emerg encies.'1 It was understood that the report assessed Mr. Lewis and the union with most of the responsibility for the mine walkout. The fact-finders found that this industry dispute does not pertain to the current union-operator contract, but is one among the trustees of the-UMW Welfare and Retirement Fund. They said the strike took place before virtually any negotiations to settle the dispute had been held be tween Mr. Lewis and the operators. Mine Owners Criticized. The mine owners also were criti cized in the board s report for fail ing to do all they could to resolve i the controversy over Mr. Lewis’ de mand for a $100 monthly pension for his men. The board, headed by Federal Judge Sherman Minton, concluded that the present strike was entirely unnecessary, and that it could be I resolved if a third trustee for the welfare fund were selected and ne gotiations held between Mr. Lewis and Ezra Van Horn, operators' trus tee. In the matter of cracking down on Mr. Lewis and the union through court Injunction, officials were con fronted with the problem of whom to enjoin. Lewis Disclaims Blame. Mr. Lewis has steadfastly main tained that, the miners walked out. merely asserting their right as in dividuals to quit work as well as using a clause of their contract which states they will work only when "able and willing.'' He has said that he and th# union have nothing to do with the work stoppage. If there is a crackdown on Mr, Lewis and the union, the Govern ment fears the miners would dis obey any back-to-work order issued by the court. In such a ease, the situation could become grave, lead ing to what would amount to an . ; insurrection against the Govern ment and Its authorities. j Attention, Baseball Fans Pennant prospects of the 16 major league baseball clubs will be reviewed in a series of articles starting in today * sports section. Francis Stann, following a tour of spring training camps, discusses strong and weak points of the clubs and will venture to tell how each will finish. In addition to the [owdown on the American and National League entrants, complete up sf?tisfica! data on all l be| presented.