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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 02, 1948, Image 1

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Weather Forecast! Guide for Readers
Cloudy today, highest in 50s. Clear tonight .. - -
with lowest about 40 in city and near frees- *fa nhitn.rv a is
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(Full report on Page A-2.) . i • 2SS£S *.*'*?'*? 2?1ip * „ ,
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_New York Markets, Page A-19, _ An Assocl^Press Newspoper
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British Move 2 Trains Into Berlin,
U.S. Will Send Supplies by Rail;
Reds Hint at New Blockade Steps
Planes Pour Food,
^Passengers Into
Reich Capital
Joint Chiefs of Staff were
overruled by White House on
recommendation to keep our
trains running, Constantine
Brown says. Page A-11.
ty the Associated Press
BERLIN, April 2.—A score of
American planes flew food and
passengers into Berlin today and
the British moved two freight
trains to the city despite the ad
vertised Russian blockade of
land traffic not submitting to
Soviet inspection.
The British reported they had no
special trouble in getting their trains
to the city. The United States
Army issued orders for movement of
a similar train tomorrow.
While the Soviets had announced
that all incoming passenger trains
and outgoing passenger and freight
trains had to be inspected, their
regulations on incoming freight
were more vague. The Soviet order
merely stated that incoming freight
trains will be cleared “on the basis
of accompanying documents.”
In the past, commanders of'mili
tary freight'trains operated by the
western powers have presented way
bills listing the train's contents for
border patrols.
British authorities said this pro
cedure was followed on their train
today, and the Americans prepared
to try it tomorrow.
Soviet Hints at New Moves.*
Earlier today the Russians, in re
jecting western protests at traffic
barriers, hinted at new moves to
squeeze the American, British and
French out of Berlin. The Soviet
newspaper, Taegliche Rundschal, j
said sharper measures will be or-1
dered if “present restrictions” do;
not end what the Russians describe
as an excessive movement of Ber
lin's industrial assets toward the!
Gen. Lucius D. Clay, American!
commander, declared no evacuation
is to be ordered for American wom
en and children dependents of j
soldiers or military government j
“I have no intention of ordering
any evacuation of dependents.” Gen.
Clay said in disposing of rumors.
He added that he had received no
requests from dependents to be
sent home from the “island of Ber
lin,” surrounded by Soviet-occupied
Thousands of Danish bottles of
milk were strapped into planes in
Frankfurt to be flown to Berlin,
w here American housewives had ex
pressed concern over supplies.
Milk Rationing Begun.
The American sector of Berlin had
a run on butter and canned pow>
dered milk last night. Fresh milk
had disappeared from the shelves
soon after the usual milk train from
Denmark failed to arrive yesterday.
The American commissary started
to ration milk.
There were adequate supplies of
other foods on hand, however, supply
(See BERLIN. Page A-6.1
Reds Are Rounded Up
In Bombay and Poona
ly Associated Press
BOMBAY, April 2 —Police launched
• roundup of Communist leaders
here and in Poona early today and
by noon had arrested 11, the city
director of publicity announced. I
He said five had been arrested in
Bombay, six in Poona. Police refused
to name those arrested.
Headquarters of the Indian Com-j
munist Party said S. A. DangeJ
Bombay legislator and the country’s'
foremost Communist, had been ar-!
rested. He is a member of the World
Federation of Trade Unions. Dange
was arrested at 3 a m., when the
police raids reportedly began.
(In Calcutta, about 50 mem
bers of the government employes
union were arrested when they
demonstrated before government
offices today.)
Bombay’s police commissioner
banned for a week any assembly in
greater Bombay. He said the order
was made “with a view toward pre
serving public peace and safety.'*
Russian Envoy Discusses
Ship Detention With Lovett
Sy th» Associated Press
Russia’s protest that American
authorities have delayed sailing of
a Soviet ship from New York was
discussed at the State Department
today during a call by Alexander S.
Panyushkin, the Russian Ambas
Mr. Panyushkin talked for 35 min
utes with Undersecretary of State
Lovett. Diplomatic authorities said
the Soviet vessel was the subject
taken up.
Through an interpreter, Mr. Pan
yushkin himself gave a terse “no
comment'’ to reporters’ questions as
he left the department.
Russia filed a formal protest earl
ier this week that the sailing of the
16.500-ton Rossia had been delayed
action of American authorities.
Gov. Tuck's Implied Challenge
On 'Rights' Ignored by Truman
President Reiterates Plea for Peace in Talk
At Williamsburg; Fog Delays Yacht on Trip
By Joseph A. Fox
Stor Staff Corraipondtnt
—President Truman today heard
i an implied challenge to his con
I troversial civil rights program
from one of its leading foes—
Gov. Tuck of Virginia, with
whom he shared the platform at
William and Mary College. But
Mr. Truman let it pass without
The occasion was a convocation
at William and Mary, where Presi
dent Truman, Gov. Tuck, Prime
Minister W. L Mackenzie King ol
Canada and the Canadian Governor
General. Viscount Alexander, re
ceived honorary' degrees of doctor
of law.
| In a brief speech as he accepted
his honor Gov. Tuck, one of the
principal movers in the anti-Tru
man campaign, seemingly raised the
State's rights issue which the Presi
dent's civil rights program has
stirred, when he pledged Virginians
to fight to preserve "the funda
mental rights and privileges of de
Speaking extemporaneously when
he received his degree, the President
simply reiterated his ardent hope
for world peace.
Mr. Truman, who had motored
113 miles to reach Williamsburg
after the presidential yacht, Wil
liamsburg, had been delayed at
Dahlgren by fog, asserted that the
nations of the Western Hemisphere
“believe in being good neighbors.”
The President added that "I wish
all the world could be good neigh
bors. . There isn't any reason why
they shouldn't.
"We ran into two world wars In
defense of liberty. We still stand
for liberty and freedom of worship,
freedom of conscience and freedom
(See TRUMAN, Page A-6.) j
Sicilian Labor Leader
Killed, Two Wounded
In Italy's Vote Drive
Machine Gunners Escape
After Palermo Attack;
Campaigners Busy
Truman in Message to Italians.
t Page A-6.
ly th* Associated Press
ROME, April 2.—A Sicilian la
bor leader was machine-gunned
to death today and two persons
wounded as violence broke out
again in the midst of Italy’s
election campaign.
Dispatches from Palermo. Sicily,
said Calogero Cangialosi, 36. secre
tary of the labor federation at Cam
poreale in Eastern Sicily, was shot
and killed at midnight.
Two of his companions also were
caught in the burst of machine gun
fire. The unknown assailants
A nation-wide strike has been
ordered for next Thursday In
Protest against the disappearance
of another Sicilian labor leader, and
observers feared the shooting might
bring further Communist reaction.
Southern Italy Campaign Center.
Meanwhile politicians swung into
Southern Italy, where votes are ex
pected to weigh heavily in the April
18 parliamentary elections. The
south of Italy is regarded as mainly
Rightist, the north as heavily
Communist. Chief Palmiro Togli
atti spoke in Matera, near the arch
of Italy's boot. He promised that
the Communist Party would bring
"a new civilization to the south
To the northeast, at the seaport
city of Bari. Giuseppe Togni,
Christian Democrat minister of eco
nomic co-ordination, attacked ex
tremist "chatter ’ and told listeners
to look at reconstruction figures of
the De Casperi government. He de
clared Premier Alcide de Gasperi's
Christian Democrat Party is "the
only great dike against Communist
Premier Busy on Stump.
The premier himself continued a
strenuous speaking program which
has had his aides worried for his
At Naples, Lelio Basso, secretary
of pro-Communist Socialists, criti
cized the De Gasperi government.;
He charged its policies are slowly
but surely aggravating inflation.
In Trieste, 3,000 Communists lis
tened while three women speakers
attacked the proposal by Western
powers to return Trieste, free state.
:o Italy.
B-29s Fly 4,600 Miles
With 5 Tons in Bombs,
Symington Reveals
TOO C-47s Can Supply
Berlin Garrison Needs,
Gen. Spaatz Says
By John A. Giles
Standard 8-29 bombers have
been flown in the last week to a
target 2.300 miles away with a
5-ton bomb load and returned to
their bases, Secretary of the Air
Force Symington announced to
Mr. Symington told a news con
ference the bombers tested in two
such operations under war-simu
lated conditions had between 800
and 1.000 gallons of gasoline left
after the trips. A B-29 usually uses
about 400 gallons of gasoline an
Previously, it had been supposed
that the B-29 could travel only
1.600 to 1,700 miles to a target and
Mr. Symington added that these
were radius operations in which
B-29s went out to a target and re
turned to their bases. This also
i meant, he added, that these same
planes could have flown 4.600 miles
on straight courses such as the
shuttle bombing operations in World
War II.
Berlin Can Be Supplied.
The occasion for the conference
was the forthcoming retirement of
Gen. Spaatz as Air Force chief of
staff, which was announced by the
White House yesterday. Gen. Hoyt
S. Vandenberg, who will succeed
him. also attended the conference.
Gen. Spaatz said the 100 C-47
type aircraft available in the Ameri- j
can zone in Germany could supply j
the demands of the Berlin garrison, I
now cut off from rail and motor
transportation by the Russians.
The air travel to Berlin, Gen.
Spaatz said, has not been restricted
thus far and, if necessary, a fighter
strip in the British zone might be
To Write Book.
Gen. Spaatz said he plans to re
main in Washington and write a
book on air power after his retire
Secretary Symington, in com
menting on the administration’s re
quest for a 55-group Air Force,
pointed out that he and Gen. Spaatz:
had told the President's Air Policy |
Commission that a 70-group force
was needed and that the commis
sion had “strongly recommended”
such a force.
Secretary of Defense Forrestal had
(See SPAATZ, Page A-4.i
54,000 Pounds of Food Flown
Into Berlin by U. S. Air Force
ly th« Atiocietcd PrtM
FRANKFURT, Germany, April
2.—Beginning emergency air pas
senger shuttle service across the
Soviet zone of Germany to Berlin,
the first United States Air Force
flight left Frankfurt at 9:13 a m. to
day with 21 passengers aboard.
(The first plane reached Berlin
at 10:45 a.m. Those aboard re
ported an uneventful trip. Henry
Burroughs, Associated Press pho
tographer aboard, said Soviet
aircraft did not molest the
Probably more than 30 planes will
follow the first C-47 Dakota before
this day is over. Some will carry
passengers, some will tote in food
and supplies, vital to the upkeep of
nearly 10,000 Americans in Berlin.
By midafternoon 20 planes had
taken off from Frankfurt. Seventeen
jof them carried 54,000 pounds of
food. The average daily consump
tion of food in the American sector
| of Berlin is about 67,000 pounds.
$Tmy authorities said a rationing]
system may be started on scarce
items. ,
At a peak period this morning
planes were landing at the Amer
ican-controlled Tempelhof Airport
in Berlin at the rate of one a min
ute. The British and French adopted
similar measures.
Allied air traffic over the Russian
: occupation zone was reported smooth
generally. The British said eight
special supply and passenger flights
i landed at RAF-eontrolled Gatow
! Airport from Western Germany and
none was molested.
The Air Transport Service was
ordered yesterday to get around—
; or over—Russian-imposed restric
! tions which resulted in the stoppage
! of train traffic and other land and
: water transport into Berlin from
the western occupation zones.
The first passengers included four
women. They had tried to make
Berlin by train Wednesday night
but were turned back by the Rus
sian bar. Diverted to planes, they
wore hastily acquired slacks and;
fatigues to meet the Air Force’s "noj
presses” rule. ^
■ *
House Approves
Final Draff of
Foreign Aid Bill
Vote Is 317 to-75;
Action by Senate
Due Later Today
The House today approved
the final draft of the foreign
aid bill. 317 to 75. The Senate
is expected to follow suit later
in the day and send the meas
ure to the President.
By J. A. O'Lcory
Congress today is expected to
ratify the $6,098,000,000 foreign
aid bill which Senate and House
conferees agreed to in record
time last night. Barring a major
upset, both houses were due to
take final action on the omnibus
measure before nightfall.
Designed to help nations still out
side the Communist sphere to re
main free, the final draft authorizes:
A 4 % -year economic recovery
program for Western Europe, with
$5,300,000,000 for the first year.
Another *275.000,000 to keep mill-’
tary supplies going to Greece and
A *463,000,000 China aid program
for the next 12 months, of which!
*125,t)00,000 could take the form of
military help for Chiang Kai-shek
in his fight against Chinese Com
tit Session Until Midnight.
Acting with unprecedented speed,
the Senate and House managers'
settled all their differences in one
day,"by remaining in session until,
If the Senate and House follow
this example in acting on the agree- j
I ment. the bill should be on President:
Truman's desk for signature to
This would be only two days!
beyond the April 1 goal set when
the European Recovery Program—
the heart of the bill—was submitted
to Congress less than three months
ago. Few impartial observers be
lieved in January it would be pos
sible to get Congress to complete
the measure so speedily.
Recent developments in Europe
undoubtedly spurred Congress on
to a decision. These events include
the Communist absorption of Czech- ;
oslavakia, and the current Red
drive to win control of Italy in the
April 18 elections.
After the President signs this
enabling act, the items making up
the *6,098,000,000 still must run the
gauntlet of House and Senate Ap
propriations Committees, but the
Reconstruction Finance Corp., is
empowered to advance *1.000,000,000
for Europe and *50,000,000 for China
while the appropriations are going
Bid To Spain Dropped.
In their history-making demon
stration of congressional unity, the
conferees reached these compro
mises :
1. Dropped the House provision
inviting Spain to join ERP, w'hich
originated with 16 other European
nations meeting at Paris last sum
mer. This action came after the
White House announced that Mr.
Truman was "utterly opposed" to
the provision.
2. Modified the House provision
which sought to give the ERP ad
ministrator veto power over other
government officials in regulating j
(See FOREIGN AID, Page A-4.f
Pressing Issues May Delay
Daylight Bill in Senate j
Pressing business on major issues
threatening today to delay action
in the Senate on a bill to permit
daylight-saving time in the District/
although the bill has been given
priority by the Republican Policy;
The daylight-saving time bill was
scheduled for a vote today by Sena
tor Wherry, Republican, of Nebras
ka, acting majority leader, in an
announcement from the floor yes
terday. The measure is sponsored
by Senator McGrath, Democrat, of
Rhode Island.
The bill cleared the Senate Dis
trict Committee long ago and has
been on the Senate calendar await
ing action.
Senator Overton, Democrat, of
Louisiana, an arch foe of daylight-■
saving time, has threatened to make
a strong fight against the time
' change.
Sir Hubert Wilkins Loses
$645 in Hotel Theft
Sir Hubert Wilkins, noted British
| scientist and polar explorer, was!
out $645 In cash and checks today'
following the disappearance of his;
wallet from his room at the Hotel
Police said Sir Hubert told them
he placed his wallet on a table in
his room Wednesday night
going to bed.
218 Signatures Force Oleo Bill
To Floor; Vote Likely April 26
House Leaders Seek Substitute Plan
For Suspension Instead of Tax Repeal
By Chalmers M. Roberts
A House vote on a bill to re
peal oleomargarine taxes was
assured today as repeal advo
cates were successful in obtain
ing the last of 218 signatures on
a petition to force the measure
to the floor.
The petition thus forces out of
committee the Rivers bill which
would end all margarine taxes. The
218 signatures represent a House
The last signer was Representative
Lucas, Democrat, of Texas, accord
ing to Representative Rivers, the
South Carolina Democrat who spon
sored the petition.
Actually 219 signed, backers re
ported, but one Republican withdrew
his name. Mr. River* said he was
Representative Nodar, Republican,
of New York.
Vote Probable April 26.
The drive for petition signatures
went over the top while the roll was
being called In the House on the
European Recovery Program con
ference report. When the House
met at noon there were 199 signa
Under House rules the bill prob
ably will come up for a House vote
April 26. It must lie on the table
seven legislative days and then be
called up on the second or fourth
Monday of the month. April 26
will be. the fourth Monday.
8hortly before the final signatures
were added.' Republican House
leaders were seeking a compromise
measure, possibly aoill to suspend
< See MARGARINE, Page A-67* j
Director of UMT Test
Declares That System
Is Most Democratic
Devine Testifies Before
Senate Group While
Eisenhower Awaits Turn
The director of the Army’s ex
perimental UMT program at Fort
Kno;x, Ky., said today that uni
versal military training is the
most democratic system of train
The witness. Maj. Gen. M. J. De
vine, told the Senate Armed Services
“Selective service built up the
Army, but UMT builds up the Na
Gen. Devine testified as Gen
Eisenhower awaited his turn to
plead anew for a UMT law and
revival of the draft. The retired
Army Chief of Staff was scheduled
to testify at 2 p.m.
Single Package All Ready. , j
A proposed single-package selec
tive service-UMT measure is sched
uled for submission to both the Sen
ate and House Armed Services
Committees some time today. A
spokesman for Secretary of Defense
Forrestal said the measure had been
completed except for a few more
“clearances” within the administra
The Senate committee is driving:
to wind up its hearings by tonight
or tomorrow morning, at the latest,
on America’s military needs to meet
the present serious world situation.
Gen. Devine said a Catholic chap
lain compiled statistics showing a
jump in voluntary church attend
ance during the training program
at Fort Knox.
“His figures showed,” Gen. Devine
said, “that before entering our UMT
program, 40 per cent of the Catholic
boys had been going to church on
Sunday. At the end of the six
months’ training, 70 per cent of
them were going to church.”
PTA Official Pleased.
Mrs. Charles T. Shelton of Louis
ville. Ky.. told the committee: "I
am convinced of the worth of such
a program (UMT) in building fine,
healthy, alert young men.”
Mrs. Shelton is president of the
(See^DEFENSE, Page A-6.)
Boy, 7, Knocked Down
As Mother Backs Car
David Hall, 7, was knocked down
yesterday by a car driven by his
mother, Mrs. Margie E. Hall, while
she was backing from the driveway
at their home in the 9000 block of
Hartford road. Silver Spring.
Mrs. Hall told police she did not
see her son in back of the car. Da
vid was taken to Children’s Hos
pital, where his condition today was
reported as good. M
Decision on Seeking
Writ in Coal Strike
Delayed Until Monday
Truman Studies Report
On Walkout During Trip
To Williamsburg
By James Y. Newton
Federal court action by the
Government to end the 19-day
j old soft coal strike appeared off
today, at least until Monday, as
| officials awaited the return of j
President Truman from his Wil
liamburg (Va.) trip.
Mr. Truman is studying this No.
1 homefront problem during his
trip. He took along a mass of docu
ments concerning the walkout of
the 400,000 miners, including a fact-,
finding report of his special board.
Just before departing, he obtained
the views of top advisers.
Attorney General Clark canceled
plans to go to Columbia, S. C , to
day to address the South Carolina
Bar Association. The Justice De
partment said the mine shutdown
required him to stay in Washington, i
No indications were given as to
possible developments. However, Mr.
(See COAL, Page A-4') I
Stricter Rules Fixed
By Housing Expediter
For Rent Board Posts
Woods Asks Landlord,
One Tenant and Three
Public Representatives
fty the Associated Press
Housing Expediter Tighe E.
Woods today laid down new re
quirements for local rent ad
visory boards.
Under the one-year control ex
tension Which went into effect Wed
nesday. Congress said these boards
shall “consist of not less than five
members who are citizens of the
area and who, in so far as practica
ble. as a group are representative of
the affected interests in the area."
Mr. Woods said a five-man board,
to be “representative,” must have
one landlord member, one tenant
member and three public interest
members. Where the boards are
larger, the same ratio must be fol
Under the old law. which created
the local boards last year, there was
no specific requirement as to the
proportionate representation. Prank
Creidon, housing expediter when
the local boards were set up under
the 1947 Rent Control Act, laid
down the general policy that ten
ants and landlords should be “ade
quately represented.” He said in a
policy statement last September
that “neither group should domi
nate the board.”
Governors of the various States
appoint the local board members.
These serve without pay except for
travel expenses and a *10 daily
allowance when away from their
home cities on board business.
All members of present boards in
the 800 rental areas were requested
by Mr. Woods to continue serving
pending a check on their represen
tation. He said that he was asking
the Governors to co-operate in see
ing to it that congressional orders
are carried out.
In case any board does not con
form to the requirements, Mr.
Woods said he will ask the Governor
of that State to appoint additional
(See rIntTPage A-4j
Guam Navy Building Burns
GUAM. April 2 (JP).—Fire gutted
the Navy's mammoth new cold
storage building today. Officers esti
mated damage at more than *1,000,
Dewey Given Edge in Nebraska;
Seeks Wisconsin Farm Vote
, .— i i. .. ■
New York Governor
Pushes 'Hurry-Up'
Delegate Campaign
ly th« Associated Pros*
EAU CLAIRE, Wis., April 2 —
Gov. Dewey of New York went
after the Wisconsin farm vote
He carried his campaign for the
Republican presidential nomination
support into the byways after,
charging in Milwaukee that the
Truman administration is “dom
inated” by military men who "think
only in terms of war.”
Gov. Dewey planned meetings
here with farm groups before speak
ing at a local theater. His appear
ance was sponsored by the Wiscon
sin Farmers for Dewey Committee.
Later he was to speak at a rally
at Stevens Point. Tonight, with a
major talk at Appleton, he will end
his two-day hurry-Up campaign for
backing in next Tuesday’s primary.
At Milwaukee, "home town” of
Gen. MacArthur. Gov. Dewey at
tacked the military’s influence in
; the Truman administration. He
said "military genius was not the
answer” to American efforts to halt
Communist expansion,
i Gov. Dewey told 1,500 persons who
filled the Milwaukee Theater last
I-<See“DEW*Y -i
Taft, Stassen Held
Main Contenders
For Second Place
By Gould Lincoln
Star Staff Correspondent
LINCOLN, Nebr., April 2—
Gov. Dewey of New York looks
like the best bet in the seven
man presidential race in the Re
publican primary in this State
►April 13.
j Senator Taft of Ohio and for
mer Gov. Stassen of Minnesota are
fighting it out tar second place.
Senator Taft has the advantage
of the backing of Senator Butler
of Nebraska and his effective or
ganization. Mr. Stassen, on the
other hand, has made an intensive
campaign in this State and has
perfected an efficient organization
of his own, headed by State Sen
ator Fred Seaton, editor of the
Hastings Tribune.
Gov. Dewey is no stranger to
the people of Nebraska. Eight years
ago, he won handily in the Nebraska
presidential primary, defeating Sen
ator Vandenberg of Michigan bv
102915 votes to 71,798. Four years
ago. although Gov. Dewey was not
entered in the primary, 18,41g voters
topic the trouble to write hte name
* .
Senate Also Due
-*.»> . *- « ' V*
Warns Bill Imperils *
Nation's finances
(Text of Veto Message on Page AS.)
■y Hi* Associated Press
The House today passed the
$4,800,000,000 tax cut bill over
President Truman's veto.
The vote was 311 to 88. This wag
45 more than the two-thirds needed
to overrun a veto.
Voting to override were 229 Re
publicans and 82 Democrats, two
Republicans and the two American
Labor Party members.
Republicans voting to sustain the
veto ivere Representatives Carl An
dersen of Minnesota and Morton of
Cat Now Up to Senate.
The House action put it up to the
1 Senate whether taxpayers are to get
the cut in spite of Mr. Truman'g
objection that it would "undermine
the soundness of our Government
finances at a time when world peace
depends upon the strength of the
United States."
Leaders said the Senate would
i vote to override the veto and make
: the cut law before the day is done.
Such leading Democrats as Sena
tors Lucas of Illinois and George of
Georgia said they would vote to
! override.
Effective May 1. the measure cuts
taxes on 1948 Income for all the
52.000,000 income taxpayers and
drops 7.400 000 with smaller incomes
i from the taxpaying rolls. Slasheg
range from 12.6 per cent in the low
est bracket to 5 per cent in the
Bill Increases Exemption.
The bill reduces all tax withhold
ings from pay envelopes and salary
j checks. It also:
i 1. Increases the present $500 per
sonal exemption to $600.
2. Applies the “community prop
erty" principle to all States, allow
ing husbands and wives to divide
the family income equally for tax
reporting purposes—thus holding
the tax rates at lower bracket levels.
A dozen States now have this prin
ciple by local law.«
3. Provides percentage cuts of 12.8
per cent on the first $2,000 of taxable
income (after deductions and ex
emptions!, 7.4 per cent on that part
of tjie income above $2,000 and up
to $136,700 and 5 per cent on any
income above $136,700.
4. Gives an additional $800 ex
emption to persons 65 years or older
bringing their total exemption to
$1,200. Exemption for blind per
sons also are increased.
Action Expedite In House.
The House acted with the hour
after it got a vigorously-worded
veto message from Mr. Truman.
The President told the legislators
this was no time to cut taxes. He
also said the bill sent him was not
fair—it gave too much of the cut
to those with larger incomes.
On the vote many influential
Democrats lined up with the Re
Dublicans to brush aside his argu
! ments.
Majority Leader Halleck got out
a statement noting that Mr. Tru
man vetoed two tax-cutting bills
last year.
“This," he said, "is just an exten
sion of his stubborn opposition to
much-needed tax relief and equali
Speaker Martin said Congress can
make the tax cut and still meet the
Government’s spending needs for a
stronger national defense.
Rayburn Supports Veto.
There were similar comments from
other Republicans.
House Minority Leader Rayburn
issued a statement supporting the
veto. He said he can see no way to
reduce taxes by $4,800,000,000 "and
at the same time do the honest,
straightforward thing and make our
Nation secure from attack and stop
the aggresion of desperadoes in the
Mr. Truman sent the legislators a
2,000-word veto message.
; "It is a bad policy,” he said, "to
reduce taxes in a manner which
would encourage inflation and bring
greater hardship, not relief, to our
“It is a bad policy to endanger the
soundness of our national finances
• See TAXES, Page A-6.)
Sunday Reading . . .
Everybody who can read
finds time for a book now and
then. Members of Congress,
busy though they are with
official matters, are no excep
tions. Just what they are
reading in their spare mo
ments makes an interesting
story. Mary McGrory tells it
Sunday in her Book Section
A spread of full-color views
of the White House interior
brightens the already colorful
Pictorial Magazine-. In addi
tion to the cover, picturing
the green room, two inside
pages are devoted to the first
color shots of this sort ever
published by a Washington
These and many other
features, plus special coverage
of foreign and domestic af
fairs, sports, music, art, so
ciety, farming and gardening,
amusements, etc., round out
the usual thorough and accu
rate news content of

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