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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 04, 1948, Image 4

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Finn Delegates Called
Back From Moscow
Get New Instructions
By th« Associated Press
HELSINKI, Finland, April 3.—
Finland’s leaders decided today,
after a week of deliberation, on
their answer to the security pact
requested by the Soviet Union to
complete the Russian chain of alli
ances from the Black Sea to the
The cabinet met with President
Juho Paasikivi at the presidential
palace in what «ras described by
responsible sources as a decisive
An official statement said addi
tional instructions were approved
which will be sftnt to the Moscow
delegation that has received a
Soviet draft of.a proposed friend
ship and military agreement.
Delegates Returning to Moscow.
Urho Kekkonen and J. O. Soe
derhjelm, the two delegates who
returned here from the detailed
discussions, will go back to Moscow
on a Russian plane tomorrow and
take the new instructions with
The 78-year-old Paasikivi ap
peared very tired and strained
after the lengthy consultations with
cabinet, parliamentary party chair
men and personal advisors, in
formants said. The cabinet session
was deferred until afternoon, be
cause he was too worn to receive
the ministers in the morning.
Responsible sources said he had
drafted a preliminary reply to Mos
cow in mid-week, but hever sent it.
Military Agreement Approved.
His original reply was said to have
agreed that Finland would defend
her borders in the event of an at
tack directed against the Soviet
Union, but that Finland would be
free to determine when such an at
tack threatened and when military
co-operation with the Russians
should begin.
Whether the final directive fol
lowed the same line could not be
Earlier, most of the parliamentary
groups were against any military
agreement at all.
One of the main reasons for
bringing the two delegates back
from Moscow, it was reported, was
to determine at first hand how far
Finland culd go in limiting the
scope of the proposed military
A threatening Communist press
campaign against the majority of
parliament which opposes military
clauses continued. The Communist
organ, Tyokansan Sanomat, de
clared: "This rubbish element must
be wiped out of history, at least in
the next elections if not earlier.”
The hewspaper said there are
“dirty intriguers who imagine by
trying to postpone a solution they
can still discover a way to Join the
imperialistic war camp.”
^Continued From First Page.!
linking this city behind the iron
curtain with the western zones.
English-speaking Russian guards
checked Ajsengers’ flWbments'l*
usual. Thty were qgfefc in thfif
checks and pleasant.
The 50 or more American military
police who closed in on the block
square Soviet Reichsbahn building
In the American sector Friday mid
night maintained their siege
throughout yesterday. The Russians
were occupying the building, which
they call their military railroad
* headquarters, when the British,
Americans and French moved into
Berlin nearly three years ago. The
Russians never gave it up, although
It is in the American sector.
There was speculation whether
the British would take similar ac
tion against the broadcasting head
quarters of powerful Radio Berlin.
This station, although in the British
sector, has been occupied by the
Russians ever since they conquered
the city and daily pours out Soviet
propaganda. Yesterday, as every
day. a Russian guard was posted
in the' lobby with a tommygun.
Armed with carbines and sidearms,
American military police let Ger
man employes into the railroad
building, and there were about 1,100
there. They let out all Russians
who wished to leave, but they barred
all Russians who attempted to enter.
40 Russians Turned Away.
Among the 40 Russians who
stood by with submachine guns as a German policeman checked papers of an automobile driver
at a roadblock in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee yesterday. The roadblock was set up on the
main highway leading into the American sector from Potsdam in Soviet-occupied territory.
sought to enter and were turned'
away were a number of supervisory
officials and about a dozen others
who brought food for those remain
ing inside. All the food was in
spected by the American guards
before it was taken inside by Ger
[man police. The Americans them
I selves could not enter the building
i because two Soviet guards with
guns and bayonets stood just inside
the entrance.
When the guards arrived the
Russians asked, “Are we being
‘If you leave you cannot get
back," replied the colonel In charge.
“You will have to judge for your
self. These are my orders.”
“We don’t want to starve them
out,” was an American’s answer to
why food was permitted to go in.
Col. Frank L. Howley, head of
United States Military Government
in Berlin, said the building was cor
doned off because the Russians had
been sending in guards there “after
It was explained that the United
States could not permit Soviet
armed guards to take over territory
or buildings that are under Ameri
can jurisdiction.
Soviet Protest Considered.
Col. Howley said Gen. Alexander
Kotikov, Russian commandant in
Berlin, had protested. Gen. Kotikov
was said to have explained that the
Soviet guards had been sent In be
cause of reports that "criminal” ele
ments were plotting to destroy rec
ords in the building.
Col. Howley said Gen Lucius D.
Clay, American commander in Ger
many, would take Gen. Kotikov’s
protest under consideration "at the
earliest opportunity.”
He bluntly declared, "if there is
any building in our sector that needs
protection we feel we are adequate
to do it without Russian help.”
He said the telephone to the
building had not been cut off and
there were no plans to dislodge the
Russians remaining inside.
“If they want to live and work
tpre.MfeH right:fath us,*3$ said,
Wt “ro^-ill notf Admit a|fy'*other
Russians until this thing is settled.”
No Explanation of Blockade.
There was no explanation of the
blockade of the Potsdam road that
was established by an American
officer! six soldiers and two German
policemen at -11 a m. yesterday close
to the Soviet boundary.
It did not create much excitement,
as the Russians began diverting
their traffic to other routes as soon
as they got wind of it.
It appeared the American move
was an outright counter to the
establishment two days ago of tem
porary Soviet road blocks along the
edge of their sector in Berlin.
Field Marshal Lord Montgomery,
British chief of the imperial stall,
arrived in HeUe today to see Gen.
Sir Brian Robertson, British com
mander in Germany. He was non
committal about the Berlin crisis.
(Continued From First Page.>
chiefs, Russian military berets and
other military material in five small
towns near the city of Catania.
The uniforms and equipment were
stored for use by Communist-led
Garibaldi brigades which planned to
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Maj. Gen. Alexander S.
Kotikov, Russian commander
in Berlin. —AP Wirephotos.
frighten voters away from the polls,
the newspaper added.
8,000 Rifles Found in Ship.
At Molfetta, near Bari, customs
officials found 8,000 rifles and 4,000
cases of ammunition in the hold of
a 400-ton ship from the Yugoslav
port of Fiume. Six Russians and
a Yugoslav political agitator were
reported arrested.
Pre-election disorders continued
in Southern Italy. Within the last
24 hours nine Communists, two
Monarchists and a Socialist have
been wounded by gunfire.
Police arrested 10 persons accused
of belonging to the Arditi follow
ing the armed ambush near Naples
of a car full of Communists. Among
the nine passengers wounded was
Eugenio Reale, former Italian am
bafgador to Poland, The Arditi is
a fascist group bent on "poljtttcgl
reUnge. w •
Communists battled monarchists
in the streets of Petrona in Calabria
prbvince. Two monarchists were
gravely wounded. Four persons
were arrested.
Deputy Mayor is Shot.
At Sinopoli, near Reggio Calabria,
Deputy" Mayor Rocco Simonin, a
Socialist, was shot and wounded.
Leftist newspapers said a Christian
Democrat did the shooting.
The chamber of Labor in Sicily’s
capital city of Palermo called a
10-minute strike today to protest
the machinegunning of three labor
leaders two nights ago.
At Tarante in Southeastern Italy,
United States Ambassador oames C.
Dunn warned the Italians against
"propagandists who seek to turn the
Italian people into the adventure of
totalitarianism.” Mr. Dunn spoke
Col. Frank L. Howley, head
of the United States military
government in Berlin.
to 200 dock workers in the Commu
nist-governed port city on the ar
rival of the 500th American ship
carrying food and relief supplies to
In the northern city of Sesto San
Giovanni, Italy’s No. 2 Communist,
Luigi Longo, attacked the Marshall
Plan. Without this program of
American aid, he contended, Italy
could give work to its 2,000,000 un
employed and ship goods to Eastern
Europe. His audience was srpall—
only about 2,000 of the industrial
city’s 40,000 workers.
D'Alesandro Urges Drive .
To Get Out Italian Vote
BALTIMORE, Apr. 3 (JP).—Mayor
Thomas D’Alesandro, national
chairman of the Committee for
Italian Democracy, today appealed
to Americans to urge friends and
relatives in Italy “to vote*and work
against communism’’ in the Italian
election, April 18.
Thougn his appeal was directed
particularly at Americans of Italian
extejjction. -Mr.- D’AIjgandro ;urged
“attour citisahs, regardless of rase,
creed or colbr, to writ# dr telegraph
friends and relatives • • • urging
them to save their families and
homes from atheistic and Com
munistic dictatorship.”
Human Welfare Meeting
Ljsts Durr as Speaker
Clifford J. Durr, of the Federal
Communications Commission, will
be principal speaker at the spring
luncheon of the Southern Confer
ence for Human Welfare Commit
tee for Washington at 12:30 p.m.
Wednesday in the YWCA Building,
Seventeenth and K streets N.W.
His subject will be “Freedom of
Speech and National Security.”
The position of the conference
on this matter will be summarized
by Dr. Joseph L. Johnson, chairman
of the committee.
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Catholic Men's Group
To Elect Officers
The National Council of Catholic
Men, meeting here in a two-day
business'' conference which began
yesterday, will elect officers and a
board of directors today.
The 45 representative* of various
Catholic men’s groups throughout
the country will hear reports of
the executive secretary and resolu
tions for action at this evening’s
Meeting at the religious group’s
headquarters here, 1312 Massachu
setts avenue N.W., delegates yester
day heard John W. Babcock, of
Detroit, president, declare in his
annual report:
"In no time prior to the present,
when secularism has invaded, per
vaded and apparently controlled the
Judgements, policy and expressions
of various of the branches and de
partments of our Government, has
there been so much compelling
reason for vigorous and persevering
effort to preserve Christian tiviliza
tion and to extend the kingdom
of Christ upon earth.”
Philip Demarls, alumnus of the
University of Minnesota, executive
secretary of the national Newman
Club Federation, and John Simons,
executive secretary of the National
Catholic College Students Federa
tion, discussed activities of Catholic
college students at the afternoon
Dr. George R. Ellis, Washington
dentist and past president of the
Holy Name Union here is repre
senting the District in the confer
ence. ,
Pvt. Cowan Will Receive
Fidler Award Today
Pvt. Oliver A. Cowan, director of
the Junior Police and Citizens
Corps, has been chosen to receive
today’s "Americans in the News”
award presented
by Jimmie Fid
With the
award goes a
gold watch and
a savings bond,
as well as recog
nition on Mr.
Fidler’s program,
to be heard at
10:30 o'clock to
night ovpr Sta
tion WMAL.
The policeman,
whose organiza
tion has grown
to 13,000 boys Pvt. Cowan,
and girls In Washington, was
selected for the award by Andy
Russell, radio and screen star, ac
cording to a telegram Pvt. Cowan
received yesterday.
This is the second award in two
weeks for Pvt. Cowan. On March
22, the Le Droit Park Civic Associa
tion held an appreciation service at
Banneker Junior High School and
presented a plaque to Pvt. Cowan
for his work in preventing and con
trolling juvenile delinquency.
Entries Open to May 10
In Sight Poster Contest
. Entries by alASteUr 'artiSU. com
peting in the Sight Saving Poster
Contest sponsored by the District
Society for the Prevention of Blind
ness will be accepted until May 10.
.Judges announced., yesterday by
Miss Helen Demary" agency direc
tor, are: James Berryman, cartoon
ist for The Star; Duane Johnson,
commercial artist; Dr. Prank D.
Costenbader, opthalmologist; Her
bert Gill, member of the society, and
Mrs. Hazel Markel, educational di
rector at Radio Station WTOP.
Further information about the
contest may be obtained by calling
Republic 0378. Cash prizes are of

Wallace Denies Writing
Piece iq Italian Paper
Henry Wallace did not write an
article critical of- American policy
which appeared in an Italian Com
munist newspaper under his byline
on Friday, his New York office said
The article, a column long, ran
in the Friday morning edition of
L’Unita in Rome. It was under a
byline reading “By Henry Wallace”
and was signed at the bottom
"Henry Wallace.”
Mr. Wallace’s New York office!
the presidential candidate Ibiew
Nothing about the article. He hadj
reoeived no request from L’Unita
for such an article and had not'
communicated with the paper. The
office said further that Mr. Wallace I
had never said anything like the
quoted matter dealing with the com
ing Italian elections.
The. article contained among other
statements, an allegation that the
United States “will intervene mili
tarily’' in Italy if the Italians vote
wrong in the-national elections.
Charge Against Stagehands
; Dismissed by NLRB Counsel
Robert N. Denham, general
counsel of the National Labor Re
lations Board has dismissed the com
plaint of feather bedding brought
by the Children's Museum of Wash
ington against the stagehands union.
John H. Dorsey, attorney for the
museum, disclosed this yesterday
and charged that a major defect of
the Taft-Hartley Act had prevent
ed the museum from even obtain
ing a hearing before the NLRB.
He said Mr. Denham’s action on the
complaint is final.
The dispute arose last fall when
the museum sought to dispense with
the hiring of union stagehands for
a presentation if “Mrs. Wiggs of the
Cabbage Patch” at Lisner Audi
torium. The union — Theatrical
Stage Employes Local 22, AFL—
had been supplying nine stagehands
at a wage cost of $262 for plays
sponsored by the museum.
Hie union claimed it had an oral
agreement with George Washing
ton University that only union
stagehands would be employed at
the auditorium and said it had re
duced the number of stagehands
from nine to six.
The complaint filed with the
NRLB by Mr. Dorsey charged the
closed shop and hiring hail sections
of the Taft-Hartley Act were being
violated, as well as the feather
bedding section.
Taft Blames Democrats
For Rise of Communism
By the Associated Press
ST. CHARLES, Mo., April 3 —
Senator Taft of Ohio, Republican
presidential candidate, said today
the “wavering and uncertain” for
eign policy of the Democratic Party
and its “coddling of Communists”
is responsible for the spread of com
munism in the world.
He addressed a meeting from the
balcony of the St. Charles County
The Ohio Republican spoke earlier
at a mock Republican Nationalj
convention of student delegates at
Lindenwood College.
The Senator's personal appear
ance at the convention did not win
him the' “nomination.” After his
speech the delegates retired and
nominated Senator Vandenberg of
Michigan on the first ballot. Former
Gov. Harold E. St&ssen of Minnesota
on the first ballot. Former Gov.
Harold E. Stassen of Minnesota was
nominated for Vice President.
Democratic student delegates at
their convention nominated Presi
dent Truman on the fifth ballot.
Former Gov. Ellis Arnall of Georgia
was selected as.his running mate.
The mock sessions were attended
by delegates from colleges in 14
Mmidwestern and Southern States.
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Pictured is a graceful classic-modem console
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Convenient Terms
(Between 13th and 14th Streets)
Phone REpublic 6212
Indiana Officer Changes
Mind on Wallace Pallet
■y »h« Associated Oran
INDIANAPOLIS, April $.—Adjt.
Gen. Howard Maxwell announced
today that “there will be no inter
ference” with the scheduled Henry
A. Wallace meeting at the Indiana
National Guard Armory here Wed
nesday night
The Indiana Cltizens-for-Wallace
Committee had said Gen. Maxwell
had told it that “certain individuals”
should not appear on the platform
with 'the third party presidential
Mr. Wallace’s campaign manager.
C. B. Baldwin, said in New York that
he hMl wired a protest to Gov. Ralph
F. Gates of Indiana.
After a conference with the gover
nor, the adjutant general announced:
"The Wallace group will be per
mitted to use the armory for its
meeting. There will be no inter
Gen. Maxwell said this decision
was reached before the governor re
ceived Mr. Baldwin’s telegram.
The Indiana Wallace Committee’s
statement said Gen. Maxwell had
objected to the appearance of Paul
Robeson, Negro singer, and that he
ashed that Dr. J. R. Shannon of
Terre Haute, the committee’s chair
man, and Willard B. Ranson of In
dianapolis, its treasurer, should not
be permitted to take leading parts
in the meeting.
Mrs. Lotito Attacked
And Slain, Police Report
By th* Associated Pros*
NEW YORK, April 3.-Mrs. Vera
Lotito, 36, was criminally assaulted
before she was strangled in her
midtown apartment last Tuesday, a
police official said today.
This was revealed several hours
after Julio Ramirez, 35, an ex
convict with a record of rape and
mail thefts, was held in $50,000
bail as a material witness.
Mrs. Lotito, a travel agency part
ner, was stabbed and then strangled
with her husband's neckties in their
apartment at 144 East 55th street.
A police official said “we are not
satisfied with his (Ramirez) alibi
that he was home Tuesday after
Ramirez was seized by a detec
tive yesterday when he entered a
pawnshop carrying a raccoon coat
which police said was stolen from
the slain woman's apartment. He
was arrested after a fierce battle;
with the detective and the owner
of the pawnshop.
Police said he admitted pawning!
other clothtng and jewelry which!
they said was stolen from the Lotito
Alabama Alumni Dinner Set
Dr. George Hutchinson Denny of
Lexington, Va., chancellor and for
mer president of the University of
Alabama, will be the guest of honor
at a dinner of Washington alumni
of the university at 7 p.m. Wednes
day in the Hotel 2400. Charles
Bernier, director of alumni affairs
at the university, and more than
300 alumni are expected to attend.
Vermont Alumni Reunion
The annual reunion meeting of
the Washington chapter of the Uni
versity of Vermont Alumni Associa
tion will be held at 6 p.m. Tues
day at the Washington Club, 1701
K street N.W. Officers for the year
will be -elected following 4 dinner.
Mercury solidifies at 40 degrees
below zero Fahrenheit and boils
at 675 degrees.
while you wait
A uthorited Sheaffer—Parker
503 14th St. N.W.
Oppoaite Willard Hotel
Red Cross Appeals &
For Gifts by Mail ^
, An appeal to Washington are^j;
residents who have not yet contribu* * *
ted to the IMS Red Cross fund to
do so immediately by mail was is
sued today by fund drive leaders. ,rr
Reporting an upsurge of mall do-."'
nations, Randolph G. Bishop, cam
paign director, said even more art
needed to assure success of the drive''
by Tuesday, when a final “victory’*
luncheon is scheduled at 12:30 pin,’
in the Chamber of Commerce Build-’" '
ing. six
Some potential contributors ma]f/
have been overlooked by solicitors, *
Mr. Bishop pointed out. He urged "
that they mail their gifts to Joseph
C. Grew, general campaign chair- -
man, oampaign headquarters, 1730 '
E street N.W.
At last week’s luncheon, when the *
campaign had been scheduled to *
close, solicitors still were $58,72*
short of their $1,080,000 goal.
Sixteen Washington residential^
areas achieved 100 per cent or more ,
of their quotas to bring the resident .,
tial division to the top in the drive,
leaders reported yesterday. Last
week the division, led by E. K. Mor- '
ris, already had 131 per cent of its ~
overall quota. " "
Mr. Grew commended unit chair-' *
men for continuing their effort* r
even after achievement of quotas.
U. N. Organization Assails.
Wastage of Resources *
ly th« Associated Pross
The United Nations Food an<L..
Agriculture Organization (FAO) said
yesterday America's waste of it*.' '
, natural resources has perhaps been'
unequalled in human history.
It blamed a “spirit of individual
enterprise” for exploiting the soil,
forest and water resources.
But this wastage is not confined to.ir
the United States, the FAO said. A,
report on soil conservation problems
throughout the world said millions of •
acres of land are being lost each ^
year through erosion.
The result was said to be a reduc- j
tion in the potential supply of food, ^
fibers and timber products.
The FAO said, however, that con
servation efforts have gained mo
mentum in this country. It expressed *
hope that results will be as spectacu-'"’
lar as the destruction has been.
- , ,i
Heart disease causes death mor* ■,
frequently among males than among ~
females after the age of about 40. ,
> hr
Hay* you hesitated to wear •
hearingald because of embarrass*
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A-SIGHT” Eartip completely
takes away the little “button’*
from the ear—that midget re
ceiver so important to better
hearing—and puts it out of sight
under your collar! Fastens It un‘
der your hair, if you ere a woman! :r.
Investigate this revolutionary .:
15th St. fr N. Y. Avs. N.W. ”
District 0921 _
Consoles Spinets Grands
Apartment Uprights
Don’t miss this opportunity to huy that piano
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reduced prices are dozens of consoles, spinets,
grands and apartment uprights; many of the
latest and fyost popular models of the makes
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Such make* as:
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1015 Seventh St. N.W.
fTemporary Address — We will soon be in our
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NAtional 3223

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