Newspaper Page Text
--^ ^^ l.j
Weather Forecast (s It Guide for Readors Sunny and windy today, with high In middle 4 page paae 5°s. Clear tonight with low of 40 in city Amusements ...B-» Obituary _A-4 J f!!dt34 in suburbs. Fair warmer tomorrow. Church NewsA-8-18 Radio •.B-21 (FM11 report on Page A-2.) I Comics.B-28-21 Real Estate...B-l-12 Midnight ..41 6 a.m.S7 11 a.m.48 ■ Editorial .A-# Society, Clubs—-A-4 2 a.m-41 8 am.41 Noon-50 ■ Editorial Articles.A-7 Sports A-ll 4 am.-39 10 am.45 1pm-53 V Jif f Lost and Found-A-S Where to Oo— B-11 _____________________________________ _An Associoted Press Newspaper_ QfitVi Vpnr Nfl 101 Q nun»« V* conn Cltr Horn* Dellrerr. D»llr end Sunder. *1.20 * Month. When 5 ir /"CETOTpei »Utn xear. lNO. lUl. O Pnone NA. 5000 sunder*. *1.30. Nitht Finel Mmon, $1.30 end $1.40 per Month. • END OF MINERS' STRIKE NEAR, LEWIS HINTS Revolt Subsides, Tanks Guard American Personnel in Bogota; 100 Reported Killed, 200 Injured . . - - - - - - - - -— . — A Colombian Army Sends Escort to U. S. Embassy Sy the Associated Press Colombian Army forces with tanks and motor trucks arrived at the American Embassy in downtown riot-wrecked Bogota in mid-morning to remove United States personnel to other sections of the city. This was reported to Undersec retary of State Robert Lovett about 10 a.m. (EST) by Assistant Secre tary Norman Armour, who is a member of thl United States dele gation to the disrupted Inter-Amer ican Conference at Bogota. Scores of delegation officials and Embassy and delegation staff mem bers had been marooned in the Em bassy and a nearby office building since midday yesterday—many without food since yesterday's breakfast. Earlier, dispatches from Amer ican correspondents said that nu merous fires broke out during the night in the building housing the Embassy. However, they were ex tinguished and the Americans were not menaced by the flames. Phone Call Delayed Hour. Mr. Lovett put in a telephone call from his State Department office to Bogota shortly before 9 a.m. today and the connection was made in about 50 minutes, he subsequently told newsmen. » He reported that the Embassy staff and delegation personnel were “all okay.” Secretary of State Marshall and Other ranking officials were reported still at a suburban residence where they had been since yesterday. -They also were all right. Much of Mr. Armour's report here paralleled dispatches from Ameri can correspondents in Bogota. Mr. Armour said that the Embassy staff had brought under control a Are in the mail wing of the Embassy which had caught in the middle of the night from a flaming warehou.se next door. 20 Blocks Sealed Off. News dispatches said "the airmail postoffice” in the building was burned out. They made no mention of damage to the Embassy offices. Meanwhile, fire had threatened a building across the street housing Embassy cable personnel and other employes. The flames broke out on a lower floor. The employes elected to fight the Are and they put it out. Mr. Armour reported that early this morning three Colombian sol diers showed up at the embassy. Their main job appeared to be to drive away rioters and fire on any looters who tried to carry off sup plies scattered in the streets. Larger forces of government troops were reported to have sealed off an area of about 20 blocks in the city. The dispatch of troops to evac uate embassy personnel evidently was taken on direct orders of the ministry of war after consultation with United States officials. Mr. Armour told Mr. Lovett that the minister sent trucks, troops and tanks at 10 a.m. to get the barri caded staff out of the embassy and deliver individuals to their quarters. In Contact With Marshall. Mr. Armour and others in the Embassy were in constant com munication with Gen. Marshall and his group at the suburban residence. The American newspapermen, with normal communications blocked,kept a stream of dispatches flowing into the State Department. The 10th one, relating the scene «s dawn broke in Bogota, brought the news that a series of fires in the Embassy building had been overcome without danger to the Americans. Full details of the fires were lacking. It told of "an almost ominous silence” after dawn today over the looted dowmtow’n section of Bogota. Crowds Disperse Without Force. The dispatch said: The crowds dispersed in the early morning hours without any show of force by the government in the city in general. At 6 a.m. after dawm. a few per sons remained on the streets in the downtown section, "but they are sort of visiting already looted stores to see if anything is left to take home. “Strangely, however, no troops or police appeared on the streets at daylight despite quiet. They ap parently are still confined to the. presidential palace area.” The numerous fires in the build ing w'here the embassy is located occurred on the ground floor and were "put out.” "Persons in the embassy quarters remained throughout with none of (See WASHTnGTON, Page A-3.) j U. S. Plane Detained MANILA, April 10 (/P).—Radio Australia in a broadcast heard here said today an American plane load ed with would-be Jewish immi grants from Paris was detained at Perth because it landed without proper clearance. Perth is in West ern Australia. De Gaulle Backers Wounded EPERNAY. Prance. April 10 </P).— Four members of Gen. Charles de Gaulle’s "People's Rally” were wounded last night by grenades thrown by unknown persons, the French Press Agency said today. The town election is tomorrow. Paraguay Nips Communist Plot Believed Linked to Others ASUNCION, Paraguay (/P).—Paraguayan police announced today they had scotched an attempted Communist coup. They said it was co-ordinated with similar moves in other countries aimed at interfering with the inter-American conference at Bogota. Police said four Communist leaders were arrested and rifles and hand grenades were seized. Also they said a radio transmitter has been captured and 5,000 copies of plans for a revolution. A police communique said a plan for revolt in cluded attacks on police stations and telephone ex changes simultaneously throughout the country. For eigners and government officials were to have been assassinated. The plotters were said to have planned a new gov ernment of military men sympathetic to the liberal •Febrerista Party. The Communist Party has been out lawed sincethemiddle of 1947. U. S. Court Sentences 14 SS Officers to Hang For Killings in Russia Two Get Life, Five Prison In Stiffest Judgment of War Crimes Trials By the Associated Press NUERNBERG, Germany, April 10.—Fourteen officers of the SS (Elite Guard) were sentenced today to hang for at least a mil lion killings. The sentences wound up the biggest murder trial in history. The men were leaders of the “Einsatz Commandos." These were special etxermination squads sent into Russia to do away with peoples classified by the Nazis as racially un desirable. Two other men drew life terms. Another five were sent to prison for lesser terms ranging down to 10 years. Stiffest Nuernberg Judgment. The judgment by the American court w'as the stiffest ever handed down in the Neurnberg war crimes trials. The international military tribunal which tried top Nazi leaders con demned only 12 defendants to death. Sentence w’as pronounced by Judge Michael A. Musmanno of Pittsburgh, presiding over a three man court, at the end of a trial lasting seven months. Mai. Gen. Otto Ohlendorf was one of those sentenced to death.1 He admitted in the trial that his Einsatz group killed 90.000 Jew’s. Maj. Heinz Schubert was another of the condemned. He claims dis-! tant relationship to Franz Schubert, the composer. 20 Found Guilty. Ohlendorf and 19 co-defendants1 were found guilty yesterday of all three counts of the indictment against them: War crimes, crimes against humanity and membership in a criminal organization—the SS and the SD. The latter was a spy directing group. They were held to blame for at least 1,000,000 murders. Another defendant was found guilty only of membership in a criminal organization, and the last was acquitted. The slightly built Ohlendorf, 41 year-old former leador of “Einsatz Commandos,” heard the sentence with the detached air of a man who knew it was ordained all along. Ohlendorf was top man in a spe cial brigade of 2,000 triggermen or-1 ganized by Hitler and Heinrich Himmler to follow armies into Rus- i sia and wipe out Jews, gypsies and others tagged by the Nazis as “ra cial undesirables.” Judges Impose Sentences. Judge Musmanno, Judge John J. Speight of Alabama and Judge Richard Dixon of North Carolina imposed the sentences in the court room where Hermann Goering and other leading Nazis were condemned i See NUER1?BERG7Page A-3.) Jerusalem Outskirts Shelled by Arab Guns; Fall of Kastel Claimed Jews Refuse to Comment On Enemy Reports That Key Town Is Retaken By tht Associated Press JERUSALEM, April 10—Jeru salem’s outskirts were bombard ed by artillery at sunset tonight as the Jewish-Arab fight for the approaches to the holy city went into its second week. Arab field guns stationed in the Judean mountains hurled eight 25 pound shells into the Jewish suburb of Givat Shaul (Hill of Saul). This is 1,000 yards from Deir Yassin, which a Jewish striking force occu pied yesterday. The attack, at nightfall, climaxed a day of savage fighting for half a dozen points along the Jerusalem end of the Judean mountain high way 'connecting the Holy City with the coastal plain. Both Arabs and Jews issued counterclaims about places captured. Arabs said they had recaptured Kassel, a key point between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. Jews Refuse to Comment. Jewish sources refused to com ment on the status of the village. Kastel, 5 miles northwest of Jeru salem, has changed hands several times during the past week. An official Arab spokesman said the “position was reoccupied’” after five hours of fighting. The Zionists, seeking to keep open a supply route for Jerusalem's 100, 000 hungry Jews, had recaptured Kastel yesterday after previously lasing it. The Arabs launched an artillery offensive against the village, sit uated atop a hill commanding the Tel Aviv highway. They were commanded by Hassan Bey Sala meh, who assumed direction of Ju dean Arabs after the death in the Kasel battle of Abdul Khadder Bey Husseini, a cousin of the exiled Mufti of Jerusalem. They mounted (See PALESTINE, Page A-3.) Late News Bulletins Russia Vetoes Italy in U. N. LAKE SUCCESS (*>>.—Russia vetoed Italy’s bid for United Nations membership today for the third time. (Earlier Story on Page A-2.) Stassen Files in W. Va. CHARLESTON, W. Va. April 10 UP).—Harold E. Stassen of Minnesota filed today in the West Virginia Republican presidential primary. The vote in West Virginia primaries is advisory only and the dele gates are not bound to any candidates. (Earlier Story on Page A-7.) House Will Get Bills to Curb U. S. Communists Next Week A legislative program intended to place new hobbles on the activities of Communists in the United States will be offered the House next week by its Commit tee on Un-American Activities. The proposals for new statuatory tools are designed to facilitate prose cution of Communist leaders and hamper “front” organizations by requiring their registration. They were approved unanimously by the committee yesterday and made pub lic by Representative Nixon. Repub lican. of California, chairman of the Subcommittee that drafted them. In explaining the program, Mr. Nixon emphasized it would not out law the Communist Party, since the committee wishes to permit con tinuance of "legitimate political ac tivity'' -bv Communists. He con ceded. however, definitions con tained in the legislation would have m %a the effect of outlawing the party ‘‘as presently constituted.” Plan Based on Conspiracy. The plan is aimed at making Com munist Party leaders subject to criminal prosecution on conspiracy charges. Mr. Nixon said he expects it to get "high priority” from House leaders. “This legislative program.” Mr. Nixon told reporters, "is as vital to the security of the country as the European Recovery Program and the military defense recommendations of the President. “The other two. without this, would leave a fatal defect in our national security. Mr. Nixon said that, under the plan, if the Communist Party were found to be “conspiring,” William Z. Foster could be prosecuted as its leader. Top penalty on conviction (Sea COMMUNISTS, Page A-2.J 4 ' 35 Buildings Set Ablaze, Center of Capital Is Looted DISTRICT RESIDENT Gives Eye witness Account of Colombia Fighting. Page A-3. By th* Associated Press BOGOTA, Colombia, April 10.— Revolutionary rioting subsided early today in the burning and looted center of Bogota. A presi dential statement said forces of the Conservative government controlled the situation. < A Colombian radio station broadcast an announcement that martial law had been proclaimed throughout the country by the President and a 7 p.m. curfew has been ordered by the army. It said all necessary measures to re store order were being taken.) Delegates to the Ninth Pan Amer ican Conference still were cooped up in their headquarters, facing a shortage of food. The newspaper El Tiempo said 100 were killed and 200 were injured in the revolt, which flared suddenly yesterday with the assassination of the liberal party leader. Some 35 buildings were put to the torch by a howling mob. Fighting Near U. S. Embassy. A gun battle raged last night near the United States Embassy, and a series of flres broke out in the build ing which houses the Embassy. The fires were quelled and the Embassy staff did not leave the building. As dawn came, gangs still roamed the streets, setting new flres. Shooting broke out sporadically, but by 6 a.m. the streets were al most deserted. Those who remained poked around the remains in the looted, burning shops. No police or troops were seen on the main streets. Apparently they still were confined to the area of the Presidential Palace. (Secretary of State Marshall and his American staff in Bogota for the Inter-American Confer ence all are safe, the' Secretary reported by telephone to Wash ington last night.) The large plaza south of the United States Embassy was ablaze last night and a gun battle raged nearby. Liberal Leader Assassinated. The revolution followed the as sassination yesterday of a Liberal leader and resulted in the setting up of a liberal junta. The govern ment of President Mariano Ospina Perez is mainly conservative. One American, John Powell, dip lomatic courier, was reported among those hurt. No police were seen on the street. The few soldiers about apparently were unable to halt the widespread looting. Earlier last night, President Mariano Ospina Perez said forces of the conservative government were regaining control of the situ ation. The President issued a commu nique accusing Communists of in citing the uprising. (Diplomatic dispatches reach ing the State Department in Washington reported Communists appear to be abetting the revolu tion and helping attempts to pfovoke a strike). Liberal Regime Proclaimed. Ospina Perez said the fighting was diminishing. Revolutionary leaders claimed, however, the revolution was spread ing throughout the country. Earlier in the day ihe Liberals proclaimed their own government. (Parts of this story were re ceived in the form of a joint dis patch sent from Bogota by foreign correspondents, includ , ing Joseph F. McEvoy of the As sociated Press, and received by the State Department. Other portions came direct from Bogota by commercial channels and still others were relayed by the As sociated Press Bureau in Caracas, Venezuela. (Other portions reached the Associated Press in New York by radio transmission from the (See BOGOTATPage A-3J * j Reduced Prices Go In Effect in Russia By th« A*sociot#d Press MOSCOW, April 10. — Russian housewives went shopping today i with a ruble that bought more be cause prices have been cut. Piavda, Communist Party news paper, said: “The steady reduction in prices is the stable policy conducted by the party and the government. New reductions are proved possible thanks to the general advance of the national economy, which saw the main divisions of Socialist in-, dustry fulfill its plan in the first quarter, before schedule.” The great Russian delicacy, ca viar, fell in price. Red caviar went down 10 per cent, oiack 20. Price cuts followed a decree of the council of ministers yesterday reducing prices 10 to 20 per cent on a broad range of goods. The cuts hit everything from Mostivich automobiles, down 10 per cent, to vodka, wines, beer and soft drinks, down 20 per cent. (The Moscow radio, heard in London quoted Pravda as saying that life has become better and i easier in the Soviet Union. Did Somebody Forget About Those Wings? Cherry Blossom Fete To Crown Queen at Hains Point Today Princesses May Don Coats; Warmer Weather for Sunday Rites Forecast (Pictures on Page A-12.) In a setting of flowering trees and pageantry, Postmaster Gen eral Donaldson was to crown 10-year-old Doris Sheldon of Claymont, Del., queen of Wash ington’s 1948 Cherry Blossom Festival on Hains Point this afternoon. The blond, blue-eyed daughter of a seamstress was to receive her crown at 2:30 p.m. The Weather Bureau promised fair but cold weather for the 150, 000 persons expected to witness the ceremonies opening the two-day celebration. If the temperature goes no higher than the middle 50s as predicted, the 47 Cherry Blossom princesses representing 44 States and three territories may have to wear coats <wer their light spring garb. It will be warmer tomorrow, when the festival program is to be re peated, the forecaster said. The ceremonies begin at 1:30 p.m. both days, with a concert by the Army Band. Uncle to Escort Queen. The first Cherry Blossom queen ever chosen outside Washington and in Nation-wide competition was to be escorted by her uncle, Navy Chief Kenneth G. Hayden, of 2515 Cliff bourne place N.W. Miss Sheldon is visiting her uncle and aunt, Mrs. Martha Hayden. The city’s hotels were booked to capacity for the week end and American Automobile Association officials expected a heavy influx of • See FESTIVAL, Page A-T) j 45 Injured in Crash 01 Texas Interurbans By th* Associattd Pr«i DALLAS. Tex., April 10— Forty five' persons were Injured, live critically, In the head-on crash of two interurbans just north of Vick ery in Dallas County today. The accident occurred on the Dallas-Sherman-Denison line. The electrically operated inter urbans crashed head-on and were telescoped—the northbound car plowing 16 feet into the southbound, Charles Dameron, Dallas newspa perman said. H. F. Floyd, general superintend ent of the Texas Electric Railway Co., reported earlier that no one had been killed. He said the cause of the accident in a cut on a curve, rras undetermined. J. R. Lynch of Van Alstyne, Tex., passenger on the southbound car,1 said: "I saw the other interurban com-! ing about 100 yards away around a curve. Neither of the cars was going slow.” Approximately 17 ambulances were delayed reaching the scene' by extensive traffic tieup. Fighting Between Reds, Burmese Troops Spreads Sy the Associated Frost RANGOON, Burma, April 10.— Fighting fanned out today as Bur mese troops battled Communist rebels in scattered areas. A communique said the latest Communist action was at Migyaung ! gaung, in the Bassein district of the ! Irrawaddy Delta. There rebels with tommy guns, Sten guns and rifles captuied a handful of police and 15 travelers. They looted the police station of arms, ammunition and currency. Later they released all but two of their prisoners. Armed Burmese police and Kachin riflemen made sorties in the turbu | lent district of Sagaing. where Com munists reportedly have adopted the Russian military salute. Skirmishes, continued in Central Burma. Eisenhower Calls on Truman, Says'No' on Candidacy Stands Bars Further Public Discussion of Politics; Defense Layout Topic of Conversation Gen. Eisenhower said after a White House call today that he had discussed politics publicly for the last time and that he “meant every word” of his Janu ary letter to a New Hampshire publisher renouncing presiden tial aspirations. The former Army Chief of Staff conferred with President Truman for some time this morning, but told reporters afterward that their conversation was devoted entirely to defense matters. The President, Gen. Eisenhower said, “wanted to talk a little about the general layout of our defense system and the subject of balance, on which the President, the Secre tary (Porrestal) and I are in gen eral agreement.” Soviet Proposes Ban On All Commercial Flights to Berlin Telephone and Telegraph Communications Also Target in New Move ly th« Associated Pros* BERLIN, April 10.—American and British officials said today the Russians have proposed ban ning of commercial flights to Berlin In a move to hamper air communications of the western powers with the German capital. The Russians were also moving to interfere with telephone and tele graph communications between the western powers and Berlin, the offi cials said. This was the latest development in the apparent move by Russia to force the western powers out of the German capital. The Russians already have imposed road and rail restrictions on the western Allies in Berlin. Air Travel Curb Proposed. The Russians have proposed a number of “air safety regulations” covering air traffic over the Russian zone corridors. British and Amer ican officials said these are designed to restrict air travel between the west and Berlin. In addition to banning of com mercial flights to Berlin.the Rus sians seek to bar night flying and limit training and engineering flights. Berlin is a terminus of the American Overseas Airway’s trans (S^ImUN, Page A-2.) Asked if any politics came up. Gen. Eisenhower jokingly responded, "I never talk politics—I don't know, anything about it.” A reporter recalled that aides had had something to say recently on that subject and wondered if the general had anything to add. “I made up my mind to say noth ing more,” Gen. Eisenhower said. “I wrote a letter—I meant every word of it. I have told my aides they would have to do the talking. I’m not saying anything more. I find it doesn't do any good.” The letter to which Gen. Eisen hower referred was sent to Leonard V. Finder, publisher of the Man chester (N. H.) Leader, on Jan uary 23. Mr. Finder, who had been boost ing the general for the Republican (See-EISENHOWER, Page A-2.) Spaatz Ready to Fight Any Move 'to Saddle 2 Air Forces on U. 5.' General Plans to Speak Out as Citizen When He Retires in June By Robert S. Allen Gen. Carl A. Spaatz, retiring Air Chief of Staff, has served blunt notice on the Defense De partment and the Navy that he “will be their mortal enemy if , they try to saddle the people of | the country with two air forces.” The grizzled air commander threw down this gauntlet at a meeting of top military commanders in the Pentagon this week. Gen. Spaatz made it clear to the Army, Navy and Defense Depart ment chiefs present that, if they persist in opposing adequate Air Force expansion, he is prepared to make a public issue of their attitude after he retires in June. "As you know,” he told the as sembled chiefs of staff, “I had long | planned to retire because I need a ; rest. But I am also retiring in order to be free to speak out as a citizen on the subject of national security. That is of paramount im portance to our country and the peace of the world today and X pro pose to write and talk about it. Particularly, I am going to speak and write about air power. ‘,‘Air power is the decisive military factor today. Last year, Congress enacted a law creating an independ ent Air F’orce. That law gave tangi ble recognition to the fact that air (See SPAATZ, Page A-3.) City Health Inspector May Enter Home WithoutWrit,Court Rules By John W. Stepp Judge John P. McMahon today sustained the right of health in spectors here to enter and inspect a private home without a search warrant to determine whether health law violations exist. The judge announced his decision in Municipal Court before sentenc ing a woman home owner to pay a $25 fine or serve 10 days in jail on a charge that she hindered such an inspection last September 9. The defendant, Mrs. Geraldine Little, 40, of 1315 Tenth street N.W., j noted through her attorney, Jeff Busby, that she would appeal from the verdict. She later was released under a $100 appeal bond. Judge McMahon cited a Supreme Court decision stating it is “firmly established that States—and, there fore, municipal bodies under legis lative sanction—may prescribe such regulations as may be reasonable, necessary and appropriate for the protection of public health and comfort.” i Asserting it is a householder's duty to see that refuse on his property does not cause a health nuisance, the Supreme Court has declared that he "may be compelled to sub mit even to an inspection of his premises.” Health officers testified in the trial last October that Mrs. Little forcibly prevented them from inspecting her home. Her attorney contends the in spectors violated Mrs. Little’s con stitutional rights by trying to enter without a search warrant, and ques tioned whether the District Com missioners are vested by Congress with the right to enact the regula tion authorizing warrant-free in spections. “This whole question centers on the liberty of the individual and his home,” Mr. Busby declared, in answer to Judge McMahon’s ruling that the Commissioners do have proper authority to enact a regula tion "necessary and proper” to pro tect public health. ' --— I Senator Bridges Is Named Third Pension Trustee UMW Chief, Van Horn Agree at Session Arranged by Martin Indications that end of the 27-day-old soft coal strike may be near came quickly today after House Speaker Martin stepped into the dispute as an unex pected peacemaker. Mr. Martin called John L. Lewis. United Mine Workers’ chieftan. and Ezra Van Horn, operators’ repre sentative, into a special conference and afterward predicted early settle ment of the dispute. Mr. Lewis and Mr. Martin agreed that a settlement on the key pen sion issue might be threshed out within 48 hours. And then, Mr. Lewis told reporters. "I think it Is a reasonable assumption the men will return to work.” Bridges Third Trustee. Mr. Martin said Mr. Lewi* and Mr. Van Horn quickly agreed on Senator Bridges, Republican, of New Hampshire to be a third, or neutral, member of the Board of Trustees for the miners’ pension fund. A dispute over payments from the pension fund led to the walkout of miners March 15. The board has been without a third member since January, when Thomas Murray of New York resigned. The absence of a neutral member has been cited a* one reason for failure to reach an agreement. Mr. Martin told reporters that agreement on the member has been the "great difficulty.” Meeting Called Tomorrow. As chairman of the trustees. Mr. Lewis called a meeting for 10 a m. tomorrow. Asked whether he expects any difficulties in reaching an under standing on the pension question, Mr. Van Horn said: "We will have '< to take that up when we get to it." The surprise turn in the coal strike came as the Government called for surveys of fuel stocks at. power plants in the light of rapidly dwindling supplies. In event the strike is not settled, the survey could be the basis for an appeal for power curtailment. Negotiators for the United Mine Workers and the operators were continuing their discussions of points in dispute when Mr. Martin made his move seeking an end to thq, strike. Senator Bridges is in New York and it was not known immediately what part he played in the Martin effort, if any. The Speaker said Senator Bridges would have to return here for to morrow’s board meeting, otherwise talks would have started this after noon. Bridges Accept Job. Senator Bridges announced through his office that he would accept the job. His administrative assistant, Wesley Powell, reached him by telephone and told re porters that Senator Bridges "will accept the appointment.” "The Senator recognizes the major responsibility involved but he recog nizes also the urgent need for a solution of the problem,” Mr. Powell said. "Although the responsibility | is a great one it will in no way | conflict with his senatorial duties 1 and he accepts it as an opportunity to be of further service to the j country.” Mr. Martin described Mr. Lewis and Mr. Van Horn as “generous'' in a “desire to bring an end to the difficulty.” He said he called the men into (See COAL, Page A-2 ) Stocks Stage Rally On Coal Peace Move ly th« A»sodat#d Pr#** I NEW YORK, April 10.—Led by steels, the stock market enjoyed a last-minute selective rally today on word that a quick settlement of the I coal mine walkout was likely. Losers predominated during most of the proceedings as further profits ! were cashed by professionals who expected a technical correction of ! the lengthly upswing to the high for 1948. Aside from labor disputes, the South American revolt and other international situations Inspired caution. On the other hand, infla tionary psychology, stemming from rearmament and European relief, still served to prop bullish contin gents. Dealings quickened at intervals. Early losses of fractions were erased in many cases at the close but the minus column was well filled. Transfers for the two hours ran to about 500.000 shares. Ahead moderately were the steels. General Motors. Chrysler. American ' Telephone, New York Central. Ana conda, Chesapeake & Ohio and Gulf 0il' Police Chief in Mexico Killed in Plane Crash ly tha Associated Press MEXICO CITY, April 10—Federal police headquarters last night re ported Police Comdr. Rafael E. Palo mar was killed in a plane crash The police chief headed the gov ernment campaign against opium racketeers in northern Mexico. The accident yesterday occurred at Ba borigama in the Chihuahua Moun tains when the plane attempted to land. Also killed was the army pilot, Lt. Francisco Lopez Domin guez.