Newspaper Page Text
Weather Foreea.t ®u,da ?.?/ R*ad*ET*
Sunny and a^ulJ?2 k.y J After Dark.A-12 Lost and Found.-A-3 today Considerable cloudiness and con- ^^ Amusements ...B-ll Obituary A-l* tinuedwarrn “morro^; M ■ - ■ I Comics _B-18-19 Radio ..B-19 tonight about 63. (Full report on Page A 2. ■ ■ II Editorial ..A-8 Society, Clubs ...B-3 Midnight ..56 8 am.58 Noon -73 I Editorial Articles A-9 Sports _A-13-15 4 a m-53 10 am-64 1 p.m.79 ^^ Finance _A-17 Woman’s Page. B-12 6 a.m.53 11 am-67 2 p.m-79 ^ , ___ i ----- - -- V v An Associoted Press Newspaper Late New York Markets, Page A-17. ^ ■■■— . .. '■ -———- , , , City Home Delivery, Daily end Sunday. $1.20 a Month. When S PITOTS 96th Year. No. 111. Phone NA. 5000. irirk Sunday.. *1.30. Mllht Final Edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per Month. *» LEWIS FINED $20,000, UNION $1,400,000 New Regime Will Exclude Reds, De Gasperi Aide Says, as Count Shows Anti-Communist Sweep Christian Democrats : May Obtain Absolute Parliament Majority ly th» Associated Press ROME. April 20.—Returns from Italy’s crucial elections indicated today a smashing anti-Commu nist victory and Vice Premier Giuseppe Saragat announced ‘‘the Communists will not be ad mitted into Italy's new govern ment.” Mr. Saragat, head of the anti Communist Socialists, told news men: ‘•The Italian election means a re birth of democracy in Europe. The victory of democratic forces is a great setback to Russia and Com munist plans for expansion. "Italy is now a part of Western Europe and not of the Balkans.” The returns from three-fourths of Italy’s senatorial districts showed the anti-Communist parties 2 to 1 ahead of the Communist-led Popular Front coalition. Re Gasperi May Get Majority. Premier Alcide de Gasperi’s Amer ican-backed Christian Democratic Party had almost half the total votes in the election test between the East and the West, and may yet get an absolute majority. The returns indicated that the Christian Democrats, wtih the aid of other anti-Communist. parties, including Mr. Saragat's Socialists, would have undisputed control of both the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Keeping the Communists out of the Italian Republic's new govern ment would represent a further vic tory for the West. The Communists, whom Mr. de Gasperi tossed out of the present government in May, • ** Popular Front Ahead, Daily Worker Claims, Charging Distortion Sy tht Associated Press NEW YORK. April 20.—The Daily Worker, official Commu nist Party organ in the United j States, claimed in headlines j today: “Popular Front Leads in Italy—Government, United1 States Press Distort Results.” A story datelined from Rome j by' John Gates, Daily Worker | editor, said. "The government J has been hand-picking for the first returns those areas where it usually gets majorities. In this way it is trying to help the press convey a distorted im pression." 1947. were making a supreme bid for f power in the election. The Interior Ministry's tabula tions on the Senate vote, counted first, gave the Christian Democrats! 8.171,569. or 47.4 per cent of the vote. The Popular Front coalition of Communist and left wing Social ists got 5.382,976 votes, or 31.3 per cent. Anti-Red Total Growing. Returns from 4,478 of 41.525 sec tions in the vote for the Chamber gave the Christian Democrats 2,131, 608. the Front 936,207, and the anti communist Socialists 269,393. The votes for minor parties swell ed the anti-Communist total. ■, Mr. de Gasperi said the returns were beyond his fondest dreams. The Communists had little to say. Pietro Ingrao, director of the Com munist newspaper L'Unita. said in a formal statement that the Front “without doubt will represent a de cisive element in the future Parlia ment and in the country.” Pope Pius XII. smiling happily, told American newsmen he will give them a formal statement within a day or two. There was no mistak ing the Pope's obvious satisfaction with the returns thus far in this; monumental struggle between Mos-1 cow and the west. “Red North" Invaded. The Vatican - backed Christian i Democrats triumphantly invaded! the co-called "Red North.” Returns; in Milan showed the Christian Dem-! oerat Party and its allies running! (See ITALY, "PageA-4. > ~ Italian Arms Dump Near Milan Raided •y Associated Press MILAN. Italy, April 20.—Milan police said unknown attackers raid ed an army munitions dump near here early today. It was the second such attack re ported in this area. Government troops repelled the other two nights •go. Police said the attack was re ported from Porto San Rocco, 55 miles southeast of Milan. * Police at Codogno, a small Po River town near the army dump, confirmed that a raid was made, but said they had no more informa tion. An army officer was shot in the arm at Pavia early Sunday when raiders on barges fired on sentries at the munitions dump there. That Incident is under investigation. In Milan itself, things are quiet, respite fears expressed by police that trouble might pop up in Sesto San Giovannia, the city's reddest industrial suburb. One police official there said fac tories are operating normally, al though Communist workers are in low spirits as they watch the vote tabulations tell of an anti-Commu Mat victory. U.S. Willing to Send Troops To Palestine if Others Do So Direct Talks Have Failed, Austin Tells U. N.; Wants Participating Governments Selected By the Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS, April 20.— The United States said today it would provide troops for Pales tine if other countries to be se lected by the United Nations would join them. Warren R. Austin, American chief delegate, told the special Palestine Assembly’s 58-Nation Political Com mittee that his government "is not prepared to act alone m this matter.” Mr. Austin admitted that direct talks with certain governments over furnishing troops so far had been fruitless. Pleading for UN Assembly accept ance of the American program for a temporary UN trusteeship in the j Holy Land in lieu of partition, Mr. Austin said: Britain Will Get Billion Under ERP, Hoffman Reveals to Committee Long-Secret Figures Released as Head of ECA Begins Testimony Britain is due for a $1,324,300, 1000 slice of the $5,300,000,000 European Recovery Program, Congress learned today. The next biggest aid allotments, all of them tentative, are: $1,130, 800.000 to France* $703,600,000 to Italy, $599,600,000 to the Nether lands and $437,400,000 to the United States-British zones of Western Germany. In translating the dollars into the! things Western Europe needs most to regain its economic feet, the recovery program planners expect to spend $957,200,000 for grain, $511. 300.000 for cotton. $379,700,000 for petroleum and $110,200,000 for to bacco. These and many other long-secret figures were submitted to the House Appropriations Committee by Paul G. Hoffman, economic aid adminis trator. They were made public by the committee as it summoned Mr. Hoffman to a. closed session this morning to determine how much money Congress should make avail able for the actual operation of the program. In passing the EuropeanRecovery Act earlier this month, the law makers simply gave the go-ahead signal, leaving the issue of funds ■ co be decided later. But to provide a quick start, Congress said the Re construction Finance Corp. could put up $1.000.000,000—that sum to be repaid later out of the ERP ap propriation. Also, of the total another $1,000, 000.000 is to be raised by Export ~<SeeFOREiGN~AID, Page A-6.) Carolina Negroes Vote Freely After 72 Years By tht Associated Press COLUMBIA, S. C.. April 20.— Negroes voted freely here today in a meaningful South Carolina elec tion for the first time in 72 years. Those with registration certifi cates for a city general election May 11 were invited by State Democratic Chairman W. P. Baskin to vote in today’s city Democratic primary to nominate two Council candidates. Mr. Baskin's invitation came after the Supreme Court yesterday refused to review a district court ruling that Negroes could vote in the State's heretofore all-white pri maries. In 1876, Wade Hampton was elected Governor of the State. The I red shirts, foes of carpetbaggers and scalawags who were in power, ! steered his election to success. Late News Bulletins House Votes D. C. Rent Bill The House today passed and sent to conference with the Senate a bill to extend the District Rent Act with some modifications to March 31 next year. Action on a bill to give the city daylight savin# time was delayed until tomorrow. (Earlier Story on Page A-4.) Bill Passed Over Veto The Senate today overrode President Truman’s veto and made into law a bill to ex clude certain newspaper and magazine sellers from the so cial security program. The vote was 77 to 7. The House voted 307 to 28 last week to override the veto. “The United States is willing to undertake its share of responsibility for the provision of police forces which are required during a truce and temporary trusteeship, along with other members who may be selected by the General Assembly and who are willing to carry out 'such a task in accordance with the will of the Assembly and with the provisions of the charter. "While the United States is pre pared to carry its fair share of the U. N. burden involved in such a temporary trusteeship, it is not pre pared to act alone in this matter. Our participation will be condi tioned upon a readiness of other governments to provide similar assistance.” Mr. Austin did not specify which (See PALESTINE, Page A-6.) Norman Thomas Says Truman Urges Draft To Cover Up Confusion Socialist Leader Tells Hearing President Seeks Substitute for Policy BULLETIN Socialist Norman Thomas today told the House Armed Services Committee that he believed many conscientious Americans will disobey a peace time draft law, if one is passed, and said he does not believe “it* will be limited to objections on the color line.” By Robert K. Walsh Norman Thomas, Socialist Party leader, today accused President Truman of having “sprung” a peacetime draft pro posal on the country in order to cover up the administration’s “confusions.” Testifying as president of the Postwar World Council at public hearings before the House Armed Services Committee on a proposed Selective Service bill, Mr. Thomas asserted that the President W'as mak ing "an otfcious effort to substitute strength for a policy.” He said Mr. Truman had recom mended selective service and uni versal military training without having consulted "any responsible member of Congress or of the na tional committee of his own party.” Mr. Thomas also assailed Henry i A. Wallace's “appraisal of the in ternational Communist movement." He said Mr. Wallace opposed UMT and the draft at a time when the Communists in the United States favored it. He said he also op posed “peace by appeasement” of Russia or any other nation. Sees Move Toward War. "The Communist movement,” Mr. Thomas declared, “is aggressively totalitarian as nothing else in the world has been totalitarian. It is a complete betrayal of true .social ism. My point is that this evil will not be cured by war and that the current hysteria of which the proposal for a peacetime draft, now before you, was born and to which it contributes, leads toward war and not toward constructive peace.” As an alternative to the admini stration's proposals,* Mr. Thomas recommended universal disarma ment under effective international control. He said he did not under estimate the difficulties of such a plan, particularly in view of prob able refusal of Russia to adopt such world controls for disarmament. “But their refusal need not be forever,” he continued. "Ideas march on. No iron curtain is com pletely impenetrable." Must Make Democracy Work. Mr. Thomas added that disarma ment alone, even under effective controls, would not guarantee peace. “We are confronted with other economic and political tasks,” he said. "We must ' make our own democracy work. Who, for in stance, will trust us as the guard ians of the freedom of the Italian people if we cannot or will not pro tect the citizens of Georgia against the outrageous infamies of a re vival of the Klu Klux Klan.” Mr. Thomas reported that on a recent Nation-wide trip he found a widespread belief that w e are being victimized by a kind of ‘flim-flam game' because what thf Army wants (See DEFENSE, Page A-7T.1 » __— 'Voice' Jamming Traced To Radio at Khabarovsk ly the Associated Press MANILA. April 20.—Radio jam ming of “Voice of America" broad casts to the Par East comes from the high-power Russian station at Khabarovsk, 400 miles north of Vladivostok, American ships reported today. The source of the interference with the American broadcasts was fixed by American ships at sea which took bearings on the jamming station. rmAf?WHATTDONfT LIKE S (ABOUT FREE AND UNFETTERED] \ ELECTION ' VAovptoV^ DAR Renews Stand on Defense, Urges Members to Expose Reds Adequate Preparedness Program Asked; MacArthur Message Read at Session (DAR Program and Pictures on Page B-l.) The Daughters of the Amer ican Revolution today re-em iphasized their stand for military preparedness by calling on Con gress for an immediate program “fully adequate to the defense of our country in any circum stance.” In another resolution unanimously approved at today's session of the 57th Continental Congress at Con stitution Hall, the daughters re affirmed a resolution of last year urging the membership to recognize and expose communism “wherever it is seeking to entrench itself or has already done so.” Mrs. Roscoe C. O'Bvrne. presi dent general, called for a stronger vote on the military preparedness resolution than was given originally. The daughters responded w'ith loud "ayes” and clapping. In a message from Tokyo, read to the Congress. Gen. MacArthur wrote that when he was inspecting the fire-demolished chancery building of the American Embassy "at the end of bloody Pacific trail,” he came on an undamaged portrait of George Washington. "It seemed peculiarly appropriate that he should be there, calmly awaiting the arrival of American arms,” the general wrote. “For it is from the example of his wise and resolute leadership it releasing the forces of human free ( See DAR, Page A-6.) Taft Sees 131 Billion For Defense Possible Without New Revenue Leaves UMT Fund Out Of Figures; Adjournment Still Sought June 19 By J. A. O'Leary Chairman Taft of the Senate Republican Policy Committee estimated today Congress could appropriate up to $13,500,000,000 for national defense at this ses sion without the necessity of raising any new revenues. The administration recentlv rec ommended that $3,000,000,000 be added to its original January na tional defense budget of $11,000,000, 000, making a total of $14,000, 000.000. In his calculation, Senator Taft eliminated $500,000,000 for the first year of a universal military train ing program, presumably because he believes UMT is not likely to pass this year. Hope to Adjourn June 19. The Ohio Senator told reporters after a meeting of the Policy Com mittee that Republican leaders are still hoping to adjourn Congress June 19, the week end before the Republican convention. He added, however, that whether this goal is achieved depends on how long it takes to complete the na tional defense program and the anti lynching bill which is to follow it. The Policy Committee was in formed today that the Senate Armed Services Committee may not have the military manpower bill, involving revival of the draft and UMT, ready before the end of next week. Delayed by Disagreement. Th4t committee has been delayed by inability of the Army. Navy and Air Force to agree thus far on how the $3,000,000,000 of additional de fense budget should be apportioned among the services. Senator Taft told reporters he | favors in principal building the Air Force up to 70 groups, but is not ready to commit himself on the specific appropriation that should be made this year to start that pro gram, because he is not certain of | its relation to the needs of the other services. Manassas Boy Dies as Car Strikes Bridge in Fairfax John Douglas Ashby. 16. Manassas. Va„ was killed today when the au tomobile in which he was a pas senger struck a bridge on Lee high way just east of Centreville, Fair fax County. County police said the driver of the car was H. G. Speaks, 24, also of Manassas, who told them he fell asleep at the wheel. The accident occurred about 3:15 a.m. Speaks was released under $100 bond pend ing a hearing on a technical charge of manslaughter. Dewey to Campaign 10 Days in Oregon, Beginning on May 1 Governor Will Visit Other Northwestern States; May Stay 3 Weeks By the Associated Press ALBANY, N. Y.. April 20.—Gov, Dewey announced today he would campaign for the Repub lican presidential nomination in Oregon for at least 10 days, beginning with a speech in Port land May 1. Gov. Dewev will fly from New York to Portland on April 30 and arrive several hours before he is scheduled to address the annual convention of the Oregon State Junior Chamber of Commerce. Gov. Dewey also announced that tye would visit some other States in the Pacific Northwest. He will not ! go into California however. His practice has been not to invade a State that has a strong favorite son candidate. Gov. Earl Warren of California is one of the five avowed candidates for the Republican presidential nomination. Three Weeks in Northwest. It is expected that Gov. Dewey will remain in the Northwest for approximately three weeks and that he will visit Washington, Montana and possibly Nevada. His secretary, Paul E. Lockwood, is in Oregon arranging speaking dates. Gov. Dewey said he planned to give "several" speeches in the State. These will not be delivered in suc cession. He will make forays into other States and return to Oregon for a windup campaign. Two of his campaign assistants, j Hamilton Gaddis and Jules Bulces, ! are leaving later this week to assist Mr. Lockwood with arrangements. Gov. Dewey termed “excellent” ' the designation of Gov. Dwight Green of Illinois as keynoter and temporary chairman of the GOP National Convention in June. Gov. Dewey's decision to campaign extensively in Oregon was fore shadowed by his defeat at the hands of Harold E. Stassen in Wisconsin and Nebraska. Gov. Dewey and Mr. Stassen $re <See“DEWEY, Page A-6.t Slayer, 1J, Sentenced In Chicago to 22 Years ly th« Associated Pross CHICAGO, April 20—Howard Lang. 13, youngest murder de fendant in Chicago history, was sentenced to 22 years' imprisonment today for killing his 7-year-old playmate. Lang confessed he killed Lonnie Fellick last October 18 in a forest preserve. He stabbed him and crushed his head with a rock, after forcing a third boy to hold the victim’s legs. Lang’s mother. Mrs. Alma Lang, who has been married five times, wept when sentence was passed by Judge Daniel A. Roberts. Sentencing to Jail For Civil Contempt Possible on Friday Goldsborough's Decision Based on 'Circumstances'; UMW Lawyer Reprimanded By James Y. Newton John L. Lewis today was fined $20,000 and the United Mine Workers $1,400,000 for criminal contempt of court. Justice T. Alan Goldsborough. who imposed sentence, said he would like to have jailed Mr. Lewis. The District Court judge postponed until Friday imposition of sentence for civil contempt, the second count of the guilty verdict the court returned against Mr. Lewis and the UMW yesterday for flouting a court order to call off the soft coal strike. Thus, the possibility of jail and heavier fines hang like a club over the heads of Mr. Lewis and the mine workers. Assistant Attorney General H. Graham Morison said frankly the purpose of delay in sentencing on the second count was to see whether the 400.000 mineri now settle down to full working schedules. He added he might recom mend a jail sentence Friday if the miners are idle. There is no legal limit to the penalties for civil contempt. In dealing out the stiff fines, Justice Goldsborough followed recom mendations of the Justice Department, given him by Mr. Morison. In accepting Government suggestions of penalties, the judge said: "If this court were to use its individual judgment, it would impost a prison sentence on the individual defendant iMr. Lewis City Heads to Appoint 7-Man Committee to Set Up Loyalty Check Corporation Counsel's Representative Will Direct Study Group By Jerry O'Leary, Jr. The Commissioners decided today to appoint a seven-man committee, headed by a rep resentative of the corporation counsel’s office, to explore the problems and procedures of the loyalty probe, they plan for the city’s 18,000 employes. The committee to set up the investigative machinery also will in clude a police department repre sentative, a representative of the personnel board, a representative of the executive branch of the city government (Secretary to the Com missioners Geoffrey M. Thornett's office) and one representative from the offices of each of the three Commissioners. In announcing today’s move. Charles Stofberg. special assistant to the Commissioners, emphasized that the inquiry has not yet been officially authorized. He character ized the move as a "first step.” Prompted by IT. S. Program. Mr. Stofberg said the city heads acted after reading a letter received earlier this month from Harry B. Slitchell. president of the Civil Service Commission, which said the commission has no authority to ex tend its loyalty program to District employes. "The committee set up today will explore all phases of the proposed loyalty check and report to the Commissioners when they have worked out suitable machinery for conducting the investigation,” Mr. Stofberg said. , He said the check was prompted by the Federal program and not by “any indication of disloyalty” by District employes. He said the proposal of Com missioner John Russell Young for a Police Missing Persons' Bureau and special investigations squad to do the checking, was not discussed at today's meeting. Chief Yet to Be Chosen. He added that the Commissioners had not yet selected the assistant corporation counsel who will head the Loyalty Committee. The com mittee, however, will be expected to prepare recommendations on pro cedure and policy, Mr. Stofberg said, and make recommendations to the Commissioners on their findings. It was understood at the District Building that Mr. Stofberg would serve as representative of Commis sioner John Russell Young's depart ment and that Engineer Commis sioner Gordon R. Young probably would appoint Lt. Col. Kenneth E. Madsen to represent him. Com missioner Guy Mason, who said earlier he approved of a loyalty in vestigation for the District, has not yet selected his representative. Korean Rightist Departs For Soviet Zone Parley ly the Associated Press SEOUL, Korea, April 20.—Rightist Kim Koo left secretly last night to attend a Soviet-sponsored North Korean political conference. A few hours earlier he predicted he might wind up in Siberia for earlier anti communist talks. American occupation authorities made no effort to halt Kim’s trip. In fact, they intimated it would be a good thing for the South Koreans to get into the Soviet-occupied zone to see what Communism had to offer. Liberal Kimm Kiu-sic said North Korean authorities had accepted his conditions for attending the meeting and that he would leave in a few days. Kim Koo. Kimm Kiu-sic and 13 South Korean Communists were invited to attend the meeting, at Pyongyang, the Soviet occupation capital. . i Miners in Field Differ on Next Move After Fine At Least 75,000 Out Today in Protest on Lewis' Conviction By th* Associated Press PITTSBURGH. April 20.— United Mine Worker leaders said today it was “anybody’s guess what the miners would do about !the $1,420,000 in fines slapped on them and John L. Lewis. Already more than a fourth of the soft coal diggers were idle in re sentful protest against the contempt | of court conviction of their Anion ; chief. 1 Reaction to the fines levied in ! Washington today ranged from the ■ bitter “It's a dirty deal," voiced by Morgan (Pa.) miners, to relief on the part of one UMW official. “That wasn’t so bad,” declared a representative of UMW Dictrict 5 in Pittsburgh. "A jail sentence would have been bad. All the miners would have gone out then, and that's for I sure.” Says Issue Is Unsettled. Frank Hughes, president of UMW District 3 in the Greensburg <Pa.'i fields, declared fining Mr. Lewis and the union would not settle the issue. “We’ll just have to wait and see,’’ he said, adding he thought the final answer would be given by the Su preme Court. -s "This gives the operators another chance to hide behind the Govern ment’s skirts," declared Joe Lever otti. Morgan miner. “There’ll be another bout in June when the contract expires. We still and always will stick to our policy of ’no contract, no work.’ added Baldine Demarco, 35, of Morgan, recording secretary of UMW Local 2,563. Mr. Demarco added that he : “didn’t know’.’ what effect the fine would have on the miners as far as work was concerned. See ‘Long Strike’. i “If the case had been thrown out 1 of court when the pensions were granted we’ve have been back 100 i per cent now," Mr. Demarco con tinued. "That’s what this walkout was about. That s all we wanted." Unidentified miners at one Ohio mine said “it’s going to be a long strike unless Justice Goldsborough’s decision is changed." The anthracite collieries were working full strength in Scranton, Pa., but Michael J. Kosik. president of UMW District 1. said as his per sonal opinion: “It is a shame John L. Lewis and the United Mine Workers are sin gled out for such punishment. There are other unions in the United States and there have been other work stoppages." Another UMW leader in the an thracite fields termed the fining a ‘‘Fascist and Nazi decision.” Attack Is Bitter. Joseph Kershetsky, president of UMW District 9 at Pottsville, Pa., declared: "I think it is a Fascist and Nazi decision. That's what they did in Germany. They defeated the labor movement, then went after the Jew ish people and crucified them. I have no other comment to mak''." Coal miners around Frostburg. iMd., were insistent that the con I tempt of court fines imposed on Mr. Lewis and the union itself are too high and some of them forecast^the ; '(See MINERS."Page A-5.i Singapore Is Paralyzed By Dock Workers' Strike By ♦h« Associated Pre»* " SINGAPbRE, April 20. — The great port of Snigapore was para lyzed bv strikes today. Only three of the 30 ships in the harbor were unloading. Harbor officials said a dock work ers' wage strike, called by the Singa pore Harbor Labor Union, is now completely in effect. Some 6.000 men are out. About 2.500 stevedores also are idle. Stevedores unloaded three ships after one labor contractor met union demands for an 85 per cent pav increase. Other contractors re-. , fused to meet the demands. I > Bows to Circumstances. But, the jurist said, "we have to accommodate ourselves to circum stances and this is a very unusual situation. The health, welfare and lives of 143.000,000 people are in volved as well as this country's com mitments to foreign nations which must be met.” The "circumstances" to which Justice Goldsborough bowed are the low industrial stocks of coal in the country and the fear of another Nation-wide coal strike if Mr, Lewis were sent to jail. However, there were signs in the I coal fields that the miners were I leaving the job anyway. Some of the miners said they would stay away from work if Mr. Lewis and the UMW were fined. More than one-fourth of the miners already were idle this morning in fresh walkouts stemming from yesterday’s convictions. Courtroom Crowded. Justice Goldsborough pronounced sentence in a tense and crowded ;courtroom. Additional hundreds of I persons gathered outside the court building for a glimpse of Mr. Lewis, probably expecting that he would ! be hauled off to jail. Immediately after sentence was imposed, Welly K. Hopkins, chief Lewis counsel, informed Justice Goldsborough that he was appealing the verdict and sentences. The judge gave the defense until to morrow morning to post bond of $1,420,000 pending outcome of appeal. Mr. Hopkins said bond would be made late today or tomorrow. Mr. Lewis sat impassively, without show of any emotion, as the court pronounced sentence on him. He heard Mr. Morison read the five page recommendations of the Gov ernment, and Mr. Hopkins describe the whole court action as "political intrigue.” For his remarks, Mr. Hopkins W'as reprimanded sharply by the judge. Green Issues Statement. After Justice Goldsborough acted, AFL President William Green is isued a statement saying that pun ishment of labor or labor leader* ! for exercising the right to stop work “will cause resentment in the | minds of those directly concerned j and by those who are indirectly ! affected.” Mr. Green added: “The best interests of the Gov ernment would be served if its rep resentatives would stop immedi ately their attempt to prosecute and punish the mine workers and their leaders and instead concen | trate their efforts toward bringing j about full production in sufficient volume to meet the maximum na tional needs.” Eighteen month* ago. Justice Goldsborough fined Mr. Lewis $10,000 and the UMW $3,500,000 for ignoring a similar District Court order to call off a coal strike. Later, the Supreme Court in upholding conviction, allowed the Lewis fine to stand but reduced the union penalty to $700,000. Second Offense Mentioned. The penalties assessed today were double those the Supreme Court allowed to stand in the December, 1946, case. Mr. Morison pointed out ; that since it was a second offense ! the Government thought the pen alties should be doubled. Mr. Lewis said nothing during the entire proceeding. Justice Golds borough, before passing sentence, asked him if he cared to say any thing about his financial condition. Hr. Hopkins replied that it was the same as in 1946, that Mr. Lewis’ (See COAL, Page A-5.) Criminal Contempt Is Punitive and Civil Reimburses Plaintiff Attorneys explained today that criminal contempt is pun itive in nature and is for the purpose of assessing penalties for the affront to the dignity of the court. Civil contempt, on the other hand, is more conpensatory or remunerative in nature, for the purpose of reimbursing the plaintiff — the Government in this instance--for damages sus tained. In either criminal or civil contempt, a Jail sentence may be imposed, either for a specified period or a penalty, or for an indeterminate period running until the defendant purges him self of the act for which he ha* been found in contempt.