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District to Open
Extended Study Of Traffic May 3 Whitehurst Describes Survey to Be Used as Basis for Planning The most Intensive traffic study ever undertaken in the Washington metropolitan area will get under way on May 3 to serve as a basis for planning more efficient new streets and reconstructing existing highways. Highway Director H. C. White hurst yesterday said field operations will be carried out by the District Highway Planning Survey with the co-operation of the Public Roads Administration, ffce Federal Works Agency and the highway depart ments of Maryland and Virginia. The forthcoming study is intended to supplement survey of traffic con ditions here made several years ago. The surveys differ, Capt. White hurst said, in that the old one was limited to roads and highways within the District boundaries. The new study will include large areas of surrounding counties. Findings to Be Compared. The highway director plans to compare the new findings with in-1 formation on hand from the earlier survey. | The new study will comprise j three parts: An internal survey based on home interviews. An external survey based on road-; tide interviews at 34 stations on highways around the city. A special survey on truck, taxi and bus companies. Under the Federal Aid Highway Act, half the cost will be borne by; the Public Roads Administration and the three civil divisions involved will share the remaining cost on a proportionate scale based on population. The conduct of the survey, in-1 eluding recruitment and training of personnel, preparation of pro cedure manuals, formal reports, charts, maps and the setting up of administrative and cost account ing controls, rests with the District j Highway Planning Survey—the re search and development unit of the: Department of Highways. S. R. Harrison, Deputy Engineer of Streets, will head the project, with the assistance of D. S. Brink- j ley and W. D. Heath, planning engineers. Stations to Be Set Up on Bridges. Survey officials plan to set up 1 stations at Chains Bridge. Key Bridge, Memorial Bridge, Highway Bridge and the bridges over the' Anacostia river at Eleventh street! S.E., Pennsylvania avenue S.E. and j Benning road N.E. Other roadside interview stations will be set up1 at key points in surrounding Mary land and Virginia counties. Notice of home interviews will j be mailed to selected addresses a few' days in advance, Capt. White hurst said. The occupants of about 17.000 homes will be interviewed. Motorists will be stopped and questioned at 34 stations around the area. Capt. Whitehurst says if will be necessary to interview the drivers of about 68 per cent of the total external traffic, or about 120.000 automobiles. Collection of field data will be completed in September. Capt. Whitehurst said, and formal re ports based on the findings of the study will be announced later. I Recruits in 4 Cities Sought By 3d Infantry Regiment Special recruiting drives for picked troops to fill the ranks of the 3rd Infantry Regiment here will be inaugurated in Baltimore, * Syracuse, N. Y.. Minneapolis and St. Paul, the Army announced yes terday. The regiment, the oldest in the Army, recently was re-activated and will participate in all public ceremonies here^ ! Tire Army is seeking men who can pass especially high mental and physical standards for the 3rd. They must be at least 5 feet 9 inches tall. The first contingent of the picked troops arrived here last week from the 9th Infantry Division at Port Dix, N. J., and a second group now in process of selection at the Fourth Infantry Division, Fort Ord, Cal., will arrive May 1. Maj. Gen. Hobart R. Gay, com manding the Military District of Washington, said the Twin Cities had a special interest in the 3rd Infantry because it was stationed for a number of years at nearby Fort Snelling. Extra Oil Tanks Suggested for D. C. Homes J. Thomas Kennedy, superin tendent' of weights, measures and markets, who was fuel co-ordinator during the winter, yesterday urged Washington householders to put in an extra fuel oil tank in their homes and have both tanks filled before the heating season sets in. Last winter during the fuel oil shortage, Mr. Kennedy had to set up an emergency pool to supply residents who were out of oil and could not get a supply from their dealers, and' he is urging the extra tanks to prevent a similar situa tion next winter. The Oil Heating Division of the Merchant and Manufacturers As sociation is also assisting in the j movement, according to A. Graham Shields, chairman, and has been instrumental in getting many house holders to adopt the plan. "Tire usual storage tank in Wash ington homes.” Mr. Shields said, "holds 275 gallons. There is more storage space in other cities. ] especially the west and northeast; sections of the country. In these! sections householders have larger! tanks or an additional small tank.! If Washingtonians install an extra! tank during the summer they will] a load off the dealers in the cold months.” i S District Vehicle Registration Set '47 U. S. Record 22% Increase Here Highest as National Total Hits 37 Million The District experienced the highest percentage increase in motor vehicle registrations of any jurisdiction in the United States during 1947, the Public Roads Administration revealed yesterday. The national figures set a new rec ord, it was added. The Washington total, as of De cember 31. was 156,133 private and commercial vehicles, or 22.6 per cent above the 1946 figure. The national total was 37,402.230 private and commercial vehicles, a figure 10.2 per cent above that for 1946 and 8.5‘per cent higher than recorded in 1941, the previous peak year. 481.000 Government Vehicles. In addition. 481,000,035 vehicles owned by Federal, State and local government agencies were regis tered last year, as against 427,185 in 1946. Motorcycle registrations increased 38.6 per cent during the year. The1 Public Roads Administration at tributed this largely to the popu larity of motor scooters. The 1947 total was 434,741. A new record was set in the use of rural roads last year. An esti mated 186 billion vehicle miles were traveled, about 9>i per cent above the previous high in 1941. Below 1941 Record. Traffic Director George E. Kene ipp pointed out that the Capitals’ registration year ended March 31, by which time the total of vehicles on the rolls had reached more than 132,000. Despite the big increase, the figure still was well below the 1941 record of more than 180.000 regis trations. but Mr. Keneipp predicted that the total would be exceeded during the current registration year. Tax-Free Speculation | By Aliens to Be Probed By the Associated Pres* Reports of tax-free speculation in United States markets by visiting foreigners will come under con gressional scrutiny next Thursday. Representative Andresen, Repub- | lican of Minnesota, chairman of a special House committee appointed to investigate speculation in com modity markets, made the announce-1 ment yesterday. He said profit*! made by alien traders run into millions of dollars. Mr. Andresen indicated that the inquiry will focus special attention on the possibility of foreigners serving as fronts to permit Ameri can citizens to escape taxes. “Our report on aliens will have some very interesting disclosures on that subject,” he told a reporter, “but I don't want to tip our hand now. “At present, many aliens are not required to pay taxes on profits made here. We feel strongly they should all be required to pay the same taxes as are imposed against American citizens.' One explanation for the tax-free provision is that foreigners might take their business elsewhere if required to pay United States taxes on brokerage transactions, thus tak ing away fees from American brok ers. i i Mr. Andresen said officials of the State Department and the Bureau of Internal Revenue have been asked to testify. Aliens and other interested parties also will be heard. Woman Is Killed in Fall | -From Freedmen's Window Mrs. Martha J. Sebastian, 56, oi 2316 E street N.E., mother of Dr. John W. Sebastian, a practicing physician here, u'as fatally injured yesterday in a fall from a second) story window at Freedmen's Hos pital. Hospital officials told police a staff physician saw her on the win dow ledge but was unable to reach her. She died two hours later, at 6:20 p.m. Mrs. Sebastian was admitted to the hospital last Wednesday for ob servation as a result of injuries in an automobile accident at Alta Vista, Va. last Christmas Day. Mrs. Sebastian was born in Mass achusetts and attended Simmons College in Boston, Boston Univer sity and Columbia University. Hci husband, Dr. Simon Powell Sebastian, was killed in an auto mobile accident in North Carolina several years ago. She is survived by two sons. Dr. Sebastian and Ed-; ward P. Sebastian, both of Wash-: ington. • Salvation Army Marks Prison Visitation Sunday Salvation Army groups in Wash- , ington and other communities ad-1 jacent to Federal, State and local prisons will observe National Sun day Visitation today by special visits | ! to those institutions. James V. Bennett, Director of i-the Federal Bureau of Prisons, | wrote to Col. W. W. Bouterse, Sal vation Army division commander here, to commend the organization on its 66 years of work among pris oners and parolees. Approximately 200.000 inmates of 1.200 penal and correctional institutions take part . in religious services conducted by I the Salvation Army, Col. Bouterse I said. Truman To Speak at Dinner Of Young Democrats By the Associated Press President Truman will be the. principal speaker at the National! Young Democratic dinner here May ;14 This was announced yesterday by National Democratic Chairman Mc Grath and Roy G. Baker, president of tne Young Democratic Clubs of | America. Some 1.200 young Democrats and administration leaders are expected I to ^ttend. / Gen. Holdridge Traces His Liberal Candidacy to Early Schooling By George Kennedy “It's awfully nice of you to come over to see me," said the pleasant man at one of the desks in the front room of the Holdridge For President headquarters on the third floor of 726 Eleventh street N.W. It was the candidate himself. Brig. Gen. H. C. Holdridge. retired, who has asked President Truman to re lease his delegates so the general can have the Democratic presiden tial nomination. Gen. Holdridge follows the recipe lor genius of the late architect, Louis Sullivan—“Learn to do what your problem suggests when you have reduced it to its simplest terms." In explaining his demand on Mr. Tru man, the general said he does not have the time or money to round up delegates at the grass roots. The general, who has a reflective smile and a give-and-take sense of humor that makes him good com pany, picked up a booklet on his desk. It had an outline of a human head on the cover with numbers spotted about the brain area. The type above the title said: "Holdridge! for President.” It was the Human Culture Digest edited by Dr. John T. Miller at La Habra, Calif. Analysis Presented. “This man," he said, "working from a photograph of me, writes ‘Candidate Holdridge has a good blending of power and poise in his constitution. He has. a forceful ex pression. His nerves do not seem to be pitched tipon too high a key so he can blend reason and the feelings in such a way as to 'get the best results. None of his brain centers predominate greatly over the rest; this is shown by the proportionate developments of the head. * * *’ ” The general introduced his secre tary, Mrs. Minnie Frost Rands, and his editor. Ray Kellogg, who occu pied the other two desks in the front room. "Well, general,” I said pleasingly enough, "have you added any more , names to the list of persons you are going to have executed when you are elected?” The general has issued a“little list" of persons he would have exe- i cuted, if he's elected. The list in-1 eludes President Truman. Gen. Bradley, John Foster Dulles and Cardinal Spellman. So I asked if he had added any more names re-, cently. "Now don't get him going on that.” i protested Mrs. Rands. “We don’t like to hear about that.” “I'm going to have them tried,”! said the general. "But if necessary | I’ll adjust the noose myself, although I wouldn't harm a bird. The time has come to end all this anonymity. We've got to name names and make persons answer to their responsi bility. The Nuernberg trial con demned war criminals after the fact. I The way to prevent war is to con- i demn them before the fact.” Mrs. Rands a Democrat.’ Mr^. Rahds is from Kentucky and I is a lifelong Democrat. Her father, however, succumbed to populism in 1892, the original People’s Party, j Mr. Kellogg, a tall, broad-should ered, strong-looking man in his ! sixties with curly iron gray hair and a look of having worked out-of-; doors all his life, is a retired postal carrier from Norwalk, Ohio. He was a constant letter-to-the-editor j writer until his retirement in 1938, when he started a publication, "Action for Human Welfare,” which! he brought to Gen. Holdridge when the general announced his candi dacy. They print 6.000 copies a month. “I wrote 85 letters to the Daily, News and had 83 published," said Mrs. Rands. "Mrs. Rands,” Mr. Kellogg pro tested, rising, "I was not a total failure. I had a letter published in Liberty." I “And we have Henry Sutton.” said Mrs. Rands. "He's an English mon etary reformer—came over here when he was 25. "Henry,” she called, "what do you call your dollar?” i "The hour dollar,” said a slender, bald man with luxuriant fringe of ! white hair around the tonsure. He had entered the room on hearing his name called. "I brought it to the attention of the United Nations at San Francis co and received a letter from the President.” Explanation Presented. ' He handed the reporter a printed copy of his dollar, which defeats unearned increment because it can be obtained only for an hour’s work or for goods that took an hour to produce. "General. I said,” who are some of your classmates at West Point I could ask about you?" "You might talk to Joe Collins,”! said the general. | It was not until later, when I called the office of Lt. Gen. J. Law ton Collins, deputy chief of staff,: that I realized that Gen. Holdridge had put him on the list to be hanged. Gen. Holdridge's candidacy has not disturbed the political parties. It will surprise no one who knows that institution, however, to learn it has thrown the Army Department! I into a conniption fit. Gen. Collins. | j who was undaunted by the defenses of Cherbourg, w’on't talk, and Gen. Holdridge's former associates take off like a covey of partridges at mention of Holdridge. I After these pleasant preliminaries and in response to your reporter’s questions, the general told his life story. He was born in Wyandotte, Mich., in 1892 of immigrant German parents. His father's name was Emil Heitke. When the general was 6 and 7 years old, the family lived in the Mississippi gum swamps, where the father hauled lumber on contract. They returned to Mich igan. After grammar school the general worked as a farm hand. Got Touch of Liberalism. After being out of school for sev eral years, he attended winter ses sions of the Ferris Institute at Big Falls, Mich., to prepare for West Point. The school was conducted by Woodridge M. Ferris, who was Governor of Michigan and United States Senator. Mr. Ferris was a disciple of Henry George, the single tax man, and a champion of old fashioned American nonconformism. “It was there that I got my first touch of liberalism,” the general said. At West Point, the future general was a favorite pupil of Col. Lucius Hoyt, who had left the Yale faculty for the Military Academy. Col. Hoyt ! taught history, English, economics and government. He was two years at the Point, iw^en an older brother changed His AT HOLDRIDGE HEADQUARTERS—Presidential Candidate Herbert C. Holdridge (brigadier general, U. S. A., retired) is seated as he goes over his testimony before a congressional com mittee with his secretary, Mrs. Minnie Frost Rands, and Henry J. Sutton, a monetary reformer. —Star Staff Photos. The general Is a forceful speaker, given to dramatic em phasis and explosive peaks. He likes to be heckled and will enter into argument with the heckler. He was an instructor of history at West Point and his talks abound with allusions to the French Revolution and the Dreyfus case. He is shown here speaking in Franklin Park. _ name to Holdridge. Their parents were divorced by this time. The future general, who never liked his father and blamed him for giving the family a hard life, decided to change his name also. That was in August. 1915. He became “Hickey”. Holdridge and was joyously re baptized by his fellow cadets, who threw him in the swimming pool. Antoher boy with a German name changed his about the same time. The general was second in history, but his mathematics dragged him down. He finished 55th in a class of 139. which put him 20 below Joe Collins and 55 ahead of another famous graduate of April, 1917. Mark Clark. Brought Back As Instructor. After a tour of duty with the; horses, the Army sent him to i Columbia University for postgrad-; uate work. Then Col. Hoyt brought him back to the academy as an instructor of history. He takes pride in his achievement of getting <the cadets permission to have news-, papers in their rooms and to study in the library nights. “It was out of bounds.” he said. At Columbia he was greatly in fluenced by Sociologist Franklin H.1 Giddings. He took economic courses from Lindley Rogers, Rexford Guy Tugwell and E. R. A. Seiigman. "But I got nothing out of them,” he said. "With my West Point education; I was too illiterate economically to know what they < j were talking about. Dr. Seligman : gave a course on Marx. I couldn’t i understand Marx, and I couldn’t! understand Seligman. . ’: The general's interest in economics ] started in the depression. < "One cold, sleety night under the ; Chicago elevated, I saw a man in an i American Legion uniform selling f apples,” the general said. “I knew ' that 6th Corps headquarters on i Michigan boulevard was planning to i shoot down fellows like him. That ; is they were making plans to put • down civil disturbances then thought imminent. I said to myself that the system which brought about such a I situation was wrong—I meant the • capitalist system, and I mean it today.” Since then the general's economic ideas, when he has voiced them, have disturbed his fellow officers. The general’s instruction in economics came from a Catholic priest, the Rev. John Duffy, an Army chaplain who had taught economics at Notre Dame. In 1934 and 1935. they spent hours together on a porch at a; Philippine post discussing the subject. | Devised Psychology Tests. At the outbreak of the war In j Europe, the general had the plan- j ning function in the office of the adjutant general. He had one assistant. He got $50,000 from the Carnegie Foundation and other donors and started the work of; setting up classifications and de- j vising psychological tests. Intelligence and personnel man-1 agement were two of the most im portant developments in military operations in World War II, accord ing to top staff officers. Gen. Hold ridge was talking and writing per sonnel management long before it was added to military language. He introduced the International Busi ness Machine punch card operation against opposition. He started the school for adjutants at Fort Wash- ■ ington. * I talked to two of Gen. Holdridge’s superior officers after the interview. One said the general had done “a wonderful job,” up until the difficul ties that led to his retirement, which none of them will discuss. The other said Gen. Holdridge was "close to a genius.” After the landings on North Africa, Maj. Gen. T. J. Davis, Gen. Eisenhower's adjutant general, wrote Gen. Holdridge saying: “If it were not for the adjutant officers you sent us, I do not know how we would have accomplished our mission.” | Gen. Holdridge was given Ameri Can University’s award for the man '/who had made the greatest contri bution of the year to the admin istration of government. His suc cessor in the honor was E. R. Stet tinius, jr. Everything went all right until the general began passing the m&nu- > script of a book he had written 1 among his fellow officers and asked 1 War Department permission to pub- 1 lish it. Now .entitled “Reconstruc- 1 tion for Abundance," it is at the Is land Press in New York, a co-oper- 1 ative venture, waiting for the gen eral to furnish $2,000 for its publi cation. The book cals for abandon ment of that sinking ship, the cap- ■ italist system. In July 1943. Gen. Holdridge was relieved of his command at the , Adjutant General's School. “All the forces allied against 1 Dreyfus were allied against me,” he said. In the summer of 1944, after a,, spell in Walter Reed Hospital, he was retired for medical reasons. Last year he incorporated the People’s Party, using the old pop ulist designation on which the I copyright had expired. Two months | ago, he decided to go after the Democratic nomination. He has i spent $3,000 of his own money on . his campaign. The rest of his $6001 a month budget is from loans and ■ ; donations from followers. The larg est loan was $500, the largest do nation $200. “Don't sell our candidacy short." said the general as I left. “This is growing, so we feel we are going to win. You might call it a psychic bid." Colonial Airline Goes Into Its 19th Year Without Fatal Crash By W. H. Shippen, Jr. Aviation Editor of Th» Star Colonial Airlines last week estab lished what probably will stand as a new world safety record by enter ing its 19th year of operation with out fatality to passenger or crew member. The airline, whose ships connect Washington with Bermuda, Mont real and Ottawa, has kept its planes moving over snowy wildernesses and tropical seas alike for a total of 192,000,000 passenger miles with complete safety. | President Calls for Vigilance. 1 Although receiving congratula tions from many quarters. Sigmund •Janas, president of Colonial, is not inclined to pat himself on the back. “We realize.” he said, "we can’t live up to our slogan, ’safety is no ac cident.’ except by constant vigilance and the handling of details.” In the 18 years since its founding, Colonial has flown 184,009.000 pas senger miles between New York and Washington and Montreal and Ot tawa. Vacationists to winter and summer sports centers in Canada made up a large part of the pas senger traffic. More recently the line established four-engined service between Washington and New York and Bermuda. To date some 8,000, 000 passenger miles have been flown on this route. The service brings National Air port to within four hours of Ber muda, where all hotels and guest homes have reopened this season for the first time since the war. Holds Council Award. The air trip has proved especially popular with week-enders and col lege students on spring vacation. The airline holds the “award of honor for distinguished service” given by the National Safety Coun cil when it completed 16 years of service without a fatal accident. Mr. Janas said “our employes in every department are determined to do their part to increase safety1 in air transport. and to continue their efforts to set an example of safety for the aviation companies of the world.” Sacred Heart Players To Present 'Rio Rita' The Sacred Heart Players will pre sent the musical show "Rio Rita,” at 8:30 o’clock tonight, tomorrow and Tuesday nights in the Sacred Heart Hall. 1625 Park road N.W. i Dorothy Mason Walton, formerly with the Ziegfeld Follies, directed the show, which was written by Guy Bolton and Fred Thompson with score by Harry Tierney and Joe Mc Carthy. Mary T. Sullivan will sing the title role and Joseph Zeiss will play Cap tain Jim Stuart of the Texas Rang ers. The cast comprises 60 players. Veterans to Hold Jamboree A World War II veterans’ jam boree will be held at 8 pm. Thurs day in the Alexandria Armory. 210 South Royal street. J. L. McBride is in charge of arrangements. j Whispering Roc Described to Soi By Thomas R. Henry I Science Editor of The Star Washington has its whispering bridges. j Strange echoing phenomena ob served under the arch of the bridge crossing Rock Creek at Massachu setts avenue were reported to the Acoustical Society of America here yesterday by Dr. Herbert G. Dorsey, 3708 Thirty-third place. I If one stands close to the wall of j the arch in the quiet of early morn i ing. Dr. Dorsey said, it is possible j to hear two distinct echoes from a i faint whisper or from a pin dropped a half inch into a pastboard box. A louder sound, such, as a handclap, j will give five to ten echoes at inter jvals of about two-and-a-half sec i onds. The best results are obtained, Dr. i Dorsey said, when the temperature is about 70 degrees. The phenomenon, he explained, is that of the creeping of sound around a curved surface. It has been ob served previously in the so-called “whispering gallery" at St. Paul's Cathedral in London. The intensity of the echoes di minishes quite rapidly with distance from the wall of the arch, Dr. Dorsey found. For a whisper a difference of two or three feet is quite notice able. Standing under the center of the arch, there are three simulta ! neous echoes, from the top and from both sides. D. C. Heads Schedule Week of May 1-8 for Cleanup Campaign The Commissioners have issued a proclamation designating the week May 1 to 8 as “Clean-Up. Paint-Up Week” and started the ball rolling by ordering all District government department heads to clean up their offices in connection with the campaign. Declaring that Washington, as the Nation's capital, should fur nish the rest of the country an ex- ■ ample, the city heads said now is the time to clean up and repair homes and buildings, remove rub bish and improve the appearance of buildings with paint. w They asked Washington residents to refrain from littering private property and public space and thereby promote the health, safe ty and attractiveness of the city. I The Clean Up Washington Com mittee of the Washington Board of Trade, headed by Kirk Miller, is sponsoring the campaign to make streets and yards cleaners and make homes more attractive. The Commissioners also urged all civic, trade and community organi zations to assist in the campaign by calling attention to it at their meetings. "We believe that such concerted action on the part of our residents and citizens will result in making Washington the cleanest city in the United States,” the proclamation said. The campaign will be publi k Creek Bridge Lind Scientists I The same phenomenon can be observed under the P street bridge, he found, but it acts quite differ ently because of the different shape and size. At each end of this arch echoes can be heard for five sec onds at an average rate of six per second. For a limited area near the middle echoes at the rate of 12 per second can be observed. Dr. Dorsey has been able to record from 50 to 80 of them from a single sound on favorable mornings. They sound, he said, “like a trill.” The physical laws involved, he explained are quite complicated but have been worked out by British scientists to explain the St. Paul’s whispering gallery. The rate and number of the echoes depends on the slope and smoothness of the bridge walls. Ordinarily the whis pers would not be noticed because they would be drowned in traffic noises overhead. A blanket of soft snow’ which ab sorbs sound, such as train whistles, is a highway hazard. Dr. R. B. Wat son of the University of Texas told the society. “An automobile approaching a railway crossing might well become involved in an accident,” he said, "because of inability of the driver to hear a whistle. The noise level inside the car tends to mask the whistle so that even the powerful sound of the locomotive might be unnoticed at distances as short as : 1,000 feet. by movie trailers and posters. Mean while, the Board of Trade commit tee will meet at 3 p.m. Wednesday in Room 531, Evening Star Build ing. and representatives of all civic, business and community organiza tions have been invited. Actively co-operating ^ith the Board of Trade is the Commissioners’ Clean liness Committee, headed by San itation Superintendent William Xanten. 3 Eye Injuries, , | Fatal Falls Lead Home Accidents Eye injuries and burns were prominent among the results of home accidents reported during last week by the District Red Cross Accident Prevention Service. Three residents died from falls at home, and 101 persons were hos pitalized by home accidents during the week, the survey indicated. A 3-year-old girl may lose her eye because her brother accident ally struck her with a book. A woman cleaning a bird cage was pecked in the eye by her bird, and another woman suffered an eye in jury when the cap of a glue bottle she was opening flew off. A 10-year-old boy was burned while mixing paint when he lit a match and set off an explosion. Four persons suffered bums when gas stoves exploded, several from pressure cookers and boiling water and a boy of 7 was burned when his shirt caught fire as he played near a stove. University Women's Minority Seeks Votes In Race Controversy A protesting minority of the Washington branch of the Amer ican Association of University! Women yesterday announced plans1 to recruit voting strength from ( approximately 400 members de scribed as having taken no part in. the long controversy arising from the branch's refusal to admit a colored college graduate. The minority described itself as nearly 200 strong. The branch's total membership, numbering more than 1,000, is now voting by refer endum on whether the branch should change its membership rules to conform to the national associa tion's interpretation of the by-laws. Deadline for voting is Thursday. The National board has given the branch until May 8 to decide whether it will change its rules or be ousted from the association. Dispute Began 18 Months Ago. Mrs. Ruth Voris Lyons, chairman of the minority, said nearly 200 members have been opposing the majority since the controversy began 18 months ago aver the refusal of the branch to admit Mrs. Mary Church Terrell to membership. Mrs. Terrell, who is colored, is a graduate; of Oberlin College and widow of a former Municipal Court judge. She is a member of the National association. The minority, Mrs. Lyons said, went on record at a special meeting last Thursday in opposition to “the majority group now in control.” The i minority group indorsed the first item on the referendum ballot, re quiring that the branch by-laws be made to conform with the National association, Mrs. Lyons said. At the same time, the group voted to work for additional support from members who did not vote in past months when the issue has been pre sented to the membership. The i group estimated the non-voters at: 400. Injunction Effort Protested. “In the minority's opinion," Mrs. Lyons said, “these members may now wish to take a definite stand to pre vent the automatic exclusion of the branch from the National that will result should the majority vote in the referendum be in favor of the branch’s outlined non-conformity to the National by-laws." Mrs. Lyons said the minority group is also protesting the “pe- ■ titioning by the officers of the local branch for an injunction restraining ( the National association from ex cluding the branch—such action having been taken, by the local of ficers prior to the holding of the referendum.” The deadline for filing facts and authorities for and against the mo-i tion for a preliminary injunction is next Friday. Mrs. G. R. Wilhelm, president of the branch, said a seven-woman committee headed by Mrs. Karl Penning, immediate past president, I has been appointed to count the bal lots in the referendum. ^ Virginia Ruling Protects Truman Backers' Status 11 Retain Party Standing Regardless of Electors They Support ■r.% By the Associated Press RICHMOND, Va„ April 24.—At torney General J. Lindsay Almond, ,, jr., ruled today that "a candidate in t the August Democratic primary may vote for any set of presidential , electors without violating the pledge . required by the Democratic Party plan.” He held also that "no Democrat is barred from participating in Democratic primaries after the 1948 presidential election regardless of what presidential electors he may cast his ballot for in that election.” His opinion, delivered in response to queries raised by Delegate Ed ward T. Haynes, Richmond, was based on findings that presidential electors are not "nominees of the party” within the meaning of the party plan and the prevailing law. Opinion May Be Final. An attorney general’s opinion being the final word unless the courts holds otherwise, it apparently • settles questions of party con formity raised in light of Virginia's new, so-called anti-Truman elec- " tion law, * This statute was enacted by the recent General Assembly at the re- '* quest of Gov. Tuck as the Virginia ’ Democrats’ answer to the Truman civil rights program. It allows the State Democratic convention to re- 1 pudiate nominees of the national party and put up its own slate of presidential candidates under the Democratic Party of Virginia label. It also provides that the national Democratic Party presidential nom inees may appear on the official Virginia ballot. Since candidates in this year's Democratic primaries for Congress must take an oath to support all " nominees of the Democratic Party 'o in the next general election, the * question arose: which Democratic Party presidential nominees should they support under the party pledge? Party Status Questioned. Delegate Haynes addressed this question to Mr. Almond and asked also about the party status of Demo crats who vote for the national party nominees. A similar query also was put re cently to State Democratic Chair man Horace H. Edwards by Martin A. Hutchinson. Richmond attorney and a leader of the liberal wing of Virginia Democrats. Mr. Edwards has not yet replied ' with his ruling. 1 6 ” Mr. Almond, who went to Work on yie Haynes query after taking office as attorney general last Monday, based his opinion on precedents set by two former attorney generals, the late John R. Saunders, and Jus* tice Abram P. Staples of the Vir ginia Supreme Court of Appeals., v He said his own examinations of the law found nothing to change the JB two prior opinions—Mr. Saunders’, in 1929 after many Democrats sup- ^ ported Herbert Hoover in 1928, and Mr. Staples’, in 1939, in response to . a similar inquiry. Virginians in Congress ’ Take Waiting Attitude A number of Virginia members of Congress are taking a wait-and-see attitude on the question of support ing a national or a possible State Democratic nominee for President. 't Representative Bland, dean of the t State Democratic delegation, bor rowed w'ords of the late Secretary of Navy Claude Swanson to sum it up this way: t. "The train has not blown for the station yet.’’ It was “no comment” or limited comment also from Representatives Hardy, Gary, Smith and Stanley. Another, asking his name be withheld, said he considers the pledge is a moral obligation and , with no legal compulsion. If this ., is so, he added, he feels he has the s right to determine who is the Dem- .. ^ ocratic nominee so far as his own support is concerned Mr. Smith said "No comment until the question arises.” Petition Filed Objecting To Action in Arlington By the Associated Pr«s* RICHMOND. Va.. April 24 — A petition objecting to the Arlington County Democratic Committee’s re cent action limiting conditions for attendance at a County convention has been forwarded to the appeals committee of the Democratic State Central Committee. The appeal, filed by Arthur F. Souther, Arlington Democrat, con tains these six objections: 1.. A $5 filing fee for any dele gate wishing to attend the conven ; tion has been set. 2. The Arlington County con vention is being constituted without any election of delegates at pre cinct meetings, or any other meet ings of members of the Virginia party 3. Delegates are not being certi fied by the chairman and secretary of the precinct meetings as re quired by the party plan, but are being certified by the County com mittee. 4. The oath prescribed in the convention call does not conform with the oath required under the party plan, but conflicts with the required oath in important re spects. 5. The County committee has authorized the delegates to the con vention to give proxies contrary to the provision of the party plan. 6. The County committee has stipulated that the delegates elected by the County’s convention must cast the vote of the County at the , State convention under the unit rule. West Point Choir Sings At White House By Associated Press The West point Military Acad emy’s 100-member choir entertained in the F»st Room of the White House late yesterday for President and Mrs, Truman. Also in the historic mirrored and chendeliered room were members of the White House staff and their families.