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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 25, 1948, Image 21

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District to Open
Extended Study
Of Traffic May 3
Whitehurst Describes
Survey to Be Used as
Basis for Planning
The most Intensive traffic study
ever undertaken in the Washington
metropolitan area will get under
way on May 3 to serve as a basis
for planning more efficient new
streets and reconstructing existing
highways.
Highway Director H. C. White
hurst yesterday said field operations
will be carried out by the District
Highway Planning Survey with the
co-operation of the Public Roads
Administration, ffce Federal Works
Agency and the highway depart
ments of Maryland and Virginia.
The forthcoming study is intended
to supplement survey of traffic con
ditions here made several years ago.
The surveys differ, Capt. White
hurst said, in that the old one was
limited to roads and highways
within the District boundaries. The
new study will include large areas
of surrounding counties.
Findings to Be Compared.
The highway director plans to
compare the new findings with in-1
formation on hand from the earlier
survey. |
The new study will comprise j
three parts:
An internal survey based on
home interviews.
An external survey based on road-;
tide interviews at 34 stations on
highways around the city.
A special survey on truck, taxi
and bus companies.
Under the Federal Aid Highway
Act, half the cost will be borne by;
the Public Roads Administration
and the three civil divisions involved
will share the remaining cost on
a proportionate scale based on
population.
The conduct of the survey, in-1
eluding recruitment and training
of personnel, preparation of pro
cedure manuals, formal reports,
charts, maps and the setting up of
administrative and cost account
ing controls, rests with the District j
Highway Planning Survey—the re
search and development unit of the:
Department of Highways.
S. R. Harrison, Deputy Engineer
of Streets, will head the project,
with the assistance of D. S. Brink- j
ley and W. D. Heath, planning
engineers.
Stations to Be Set Up on Bridges.
Survey officials plan to set up 1
stations at Chains Bridge. Key
Bridge, Memorial Bridge, Highway
Bridge and the bridges over the'
Anacostia river at Eleventh street!
S.E., Pennsylvania avenue S.E. and j
Benning road N.E. Other roadside
interview stations will be set up1
at key points in surrounding Mary
land and Virginia counties.
Notice of home interviews will j
be mailed to selected addresses a
few' days in advance, Capt. White
hurst said. The occupants of about
17.000 homes will be interviewed.
Motorists will be stopped and
questioned at 34 stations around
the area. Capt. Whitehurst says
if will be necessary to interview
the drivers of about 68 per cent
of the total external traffic, or
about 120.000 automobiles.
Collection of field data will be
completed in September. Capt.
Whitehurst said, and formal re
ports based on the findings of the
study will be announced later. I
Recruits in 4 Cities Sought
By 3d Infantry Regiment
Special recruiting drives for
picked troops to fill the ranks of
the 3rd Infantry Regiment here
will be inaugurated in Baltimore, *
Syracuse, N. Y.. Minneapolis and
St. Paul, the Army announced yes
terday.
The regiment, the oldest in the
Army, recently was re-activated
and will participate in all public
ceremonies here^ !
Tire Army is seeking men who
can pass especially high mental and
physical standards for the 3rd.
They must be at least 5 feet 9
inches tall.
The first contingent of the picked
troops arrived here last week from
the 9th Infantry Division at Port
Dix, N. J., and a second group now
in process of selection at the Fourth
Infantry Division, Fort Ord, Cal.,
will arrive May 1.
Maj. Gen. Hobart R. Gay, com
manding the Military District of
Washington, said the Twin Cities
had a special interest in the 3rd
Infantry because it was stationed
for a number of years at nearby
Fort Snelling.
Extra Oil Tanks
Suggested for
D. C. Homes
J. Thomas Kennedy, superin
tendent' of weights, measures and
markets, who was fuel co-ordinator
during the winter, yesterday urged
Washington householders to put in
an extra fuel oil tank in their
homes and have both tanks filled
before the heating season sets in.
Last winter during the fuel oil
shortage, Mr. Kennedy had to set
up an emergency pool to supply
residents who were out of oil and
could not get a supply from their
dealers, and' he is urging the extra
tanks to prevent a similar situa
tion next winter.
The Oil Heating Division of the
Merchant and Manufacturers As
sociation is also assisting in the j
movement, according to A. Graham
Shields, chairman, and has been
instrumental in getting many house
holders to adopt the plan.
"Tire usual storage tank in Wash
ington homes.” Mr. Shields said,
"holds 275 gallons. There is more
storage space in other cities. ]
especially the west and northeast;
sections of the country. In these!
sections householders have larger!
tanks or an additional small tank.!
If Washingtonians install an extra!
tank during the summer they will]
a load off the dealers in the
cold months.” i
S
District Vehicle
Registration Set
'47 U. S. Record
22% Increase Here
Highest as National
Total Hits 37 Million
The District experienced the
highest percentage increase in
motor vehicle registrations of any
jurisdiction in the United States
during 1947, the Public Roads
Administration revealed yesterday.
The national figures set a new rec
ord, it was added.
The Washington total, as of De
cember 31. was 156,133 private and
commercial vehicles, or 22.6 per cent
above the 1946 figure.
The national total was 37,402.230
private and commercial vehicles, a
figure 10.2 per cent above that for
1946 and 8.5‘per cent higher than
recorded in 1941, the previous peak
year.
481.000 Government Vehicles.
In addition. 481,000,035 vehicles
owned by Federal, State and local
government agencies were regis
tered last year, as against 427,185
in 1946.
Motorcycle registrations increased
38.6 per cent during the year. The1
Public Roads Administration at
tributed this largely to the popu
larity of motor scooters. The 1947
total was 434,741.
A new record was set in the use
of rural roads last year. An esti
mated 186 billion vehicle miles were
traveled, about 9>i per cent above
the previous high in 1941.
Below 1941 Record.
Traffic Director George E. Kene
ipp pointed out that the Capitals’
registration year ended March 31,
by which time the total of vehicles
on the rolls had reached more than
132,000.
Despite the big increase, the
figure still was well below the 1941
record of more than 180.000 regis
trations. but Mr. Keneipp predicted
that the total would be exceeded
during the current registration year.
Tax-Free Speculation |
By Aliens to Be Probed
By the Associated Pres*
Reports of tax-free speculation
in United States markets by visiting
foreigners will come under con
gressional scrutiny next Thursday.
Representative Andresen, Repub- |
lican of Minnesota, chairman of a
special House committee appointed
to investigate speculation in com
modity markets, made the announce-1
ment yesterday. He said profit*!
made by alien traders run into
millions of dollars.
Mr. Andresen indicated that the
inquiry will focus special attention
on the possibility of foreigners
serving as fronts to permit Ameri
can citizens to escape taxes.
“Our report on aliens will have
some very interesting disclosures
on that subject,” he told a reporter,
“but I don't want to tip our hand
now.
“At present, many aliens are not
required to pay taxes on profits made
here. We feel strongly they should
all be required to pay the same taxes
as are imposed against American
citizens.'
One explanation for the tax-free
provision is that foreigners might
take their business elsewhere if
required to pay United States taxes
on brokerage transactions, thus tak
ing away fees from American brok
ers. i
i Mr. Andresen said officials of the
State Department and the Bureau
of Internal Revenue have been
asked to testify. Aliens and other
interested parties also will be heard.
Woman Is Killed in Fall |
-From Freedmen's Window
Mrs. Martha J. Sebastian, 56, oi
2316 E street N.E., mother of Dr.
John W. Sebastian, a practicing
physician here, u'as fatally injured
yesterday in a fall from a second)
story window at Freedmen's Hos
pital.
Hospital officials told police a
staff physician saw her on the win
dow ledge but was unable to reach
her. She died two hours later, at
6:20 p.m.
Mrs. Sebastian was admitted to
the hospital last Wednesday for ob
servation as a result of injuries in
an automobile accident at Alta
Vista, Va. last Christmas Day.
Mrs. Sebastian was born in Mass
achusetts and attended Simmons
College in Boston, Boston Univer
sity and Columbia University.
Hci husband, Dr. Simon Powell
Sebastian, was killed in an auto
mobile accident in North Carolina
several years ago. She is survived
by two sons. Dr. Sebastian and Ed-;
ward P. Sebastian, both of Wash-:
ington. •
Salvation Army Marks
Prison Visitation Sunday
Salvation Army groups in Wash- ,
ington and other communities ad-1
jacent to Federal, State and local
prisons will observe National Sun
day Visitation today by special visits |
! to those institutions.
James V. Bennett, Director of
i-the Federal Bureau of Prisons,
| wrote to Col. W. W. Bouterse, Sal
vation Army division commander
here, to commend the organization
on its 66 years of work among pris
oners and parolees. Approximately
200.000 inmates of 1.200 penal and
correctional institutions take part
. in religious services conducted by
I the Salvation Army, Col. Bouterse
I said.
Truman To Speak at Dinner
Of Young Democrats
By the Associated Press
President Truman will be the.
principal speaker at the National!
Young Democratic dinner here May
;14
This was announced yesterday by
National Democratic Chairman Mc
Grath and Roy G. Baker, president
of tne Young Democratic Clubs of
| America.
Some 1.200 young Democrats and
administration leaders are expected
I to ^ttend.
/
Gen. Holdridge Traces His Liberal Candidacy to Early Schooling
By George Kennedy
“It's awfully nice of you to come
over to see me," said the pleasant
man at one of the desks in the front
room of the Holdridge For President
headquarters on the third floor of
726 Eleventh street N.W.
It was the candidate himself. Brig.
Gen. H. C. Holdridge. retired, who
has asked President Truman to re
lease his delegates so the general
can have the Democratic presiden
tial nomination.
Gen. Holdridge follows the recipe
lor genius of the late architect, Louis
Sullivan—“Learn to do what your
problem suggests when you have
reduced it to its simplest terms." In
explaining his demand on Mr. Tru
man, the general said he does not
have the time or money to round up
delegates at the grass roots.
The general, who has a reflective
smile and a give-and-take sense of
humor that makes him good com
pany, picked up a booklet on his
desk. It had an outline of a human
head on the cover with numbers
spotted about the brain area. The
type above the title said: "Holdridge!
for President.” It was the Human
Culture Digest edited by Dr. John
T. Miller at La Habra, Calif.
Analysis Presented.
“This man," he said, "working
from a photograph of me, writes
‘Candidate Holdridge has a good
blending of power and poise in his
constitution. He has. a forceful ex
pression. His nerves do not seem to
be pitched tipon too high a key so
he can blend reason and the feelings
in such a way as to 'get the best
results. None of his brain centers
predominate greatly over the rest;
this is shown by the proportionate
developments of the head. * * *’ ”
The general introduced his secre
tary, Mrs. Minnie Frost Rands, and
his editor. Ray Kellogg, who occu
pied the other two desks in the front
room.
"Well, general,” I said pleasingly
enough, "have you added any more ,
names to the list of persons you are
going to have executed when you are
elected?”
The general has issued a“little
list" of persons he would have exe- i
cuted, if he's elected. The list in-1
eludes President Truman. Gen.
Bradley, John Foster Dulles and
Cardinal Spellman. So I asked if
he had added any more names re-,
cently.
"Now don't get him going on that.” i
protested Mrs. Rands. “We don’t
like to hear about that.”
“I'm going to have them tried,”!
said the general. "But if necessary |
I’ll adjust the noose myself, although
I wouldn't harm a bird. The time has
come to end all this anonymity.
We've got to name names and make
persons answer to their responsi
bility. The Nuernberg trial con
demned war criminals after the fact. I
The way to prevent war is to con- i
demn them before the fact.”
Mrs. Rands a Democrat.’
Mr^. Rahds is from Kentucky and I
is a lifelong Democrat. Her father,
however, succumbed to populism
in 1892, the original People’s Party, j
Mr. Kellogg, a tall, broad-should
ered, strong-looking man in his
! sixties with curly iron gray hair and
a look of having worked out-of-;
doors all his life, is a retired postal
carrier from Norwalk, Ohio. He was
a constant letter-to-the-editor j
writer until his retirement in 1938,
when he started a publication,
"Action for Human Welfare,” which!
he brought to Gen. Holdridge when
the general announced his candi
dacy. They print 6.000 copies a
month.
“I wrote 85 letters to the Daily,
News and had 83 published," said
Mrs. Rands.
"Mrs. Rands,” Mr. Kellogg pro
tested, rising, "I was not a total
failure. I had a letter published in
Liberty."
I “And we have Henry Sutton.” said
Mrs. Rands. "He's an English mon
etary reformer—came over here
when he was 25.
"Henry,” she called, "what do you
call your dollar?”
i "The hour dollar,” said a slender,
bald man with luxuriant fringe of
! white hair around the tonsure. He
had entered the room on hearing
his name called.
"I brought it to the attention of
the United Nations at San Francis
co and received a letter from the
President.”
Explanation Presented.
' He handed the reporter a printed
copy of his dollar, which defeats
unearned increment because it can
be obtained only for an hour’s work
or for goods that took an hour to
produce.
"General. I said,” who are some of
your classmates at West Point I
could ask about you?"
"You might talk to Joe Collins,”!
said the general.
| It was not until later, when I
called the office of Lt. Gen. J. Law
ton Collins, deputy chief of staff,:
that I realized that Gen. Holdridge
had put him on the list to be
hanged.
Gen. Holdridge's candidacy has
not disturbed the political parties.
It will surprise no one who knows
that institution, however, to learn
it has thrown the Army Department!
I into a conniption fit. Gen. Collins. |
j who was undaunted by the defenses
of Cherbourg, w’on't talk, and Gen.
Holdridge's former associates take
off like a covey of partridges at
mention of Holdridge.
I After these pleasant preliminaries
and in response to your reporter’s
questions, the general told his life
story. He was born in Wyandotte,
Mich., in 1892 of immigrant German
parents. His father's name was
Emil Heitke. When the general was
6 and 7 years old, the family lived
in the Mississippi gum swamps,
where the father hauled lumber on
contract. They returned to Mich
igan. After grammar school the
general worked as a farm hand.
Got Touch of Liberalism.
After being out of school for sev
eral years, he attended winter ses
sions of the Ferris Institute at Big
Falls, Mich., to prepare for West
Point. The school was conducted
by Woodridge M. Ferris, who was
Governor of Michigan and United
States Senator. Mr. Ferris was a
disciple of Henry George, the single
tax man, and a champion of old
fashioned American nonconformism.
“It was there that I got my first
touch of liberalism,” the general
said.
At West Point, the future general
was a favorite pupil of Col. Lucius
Hoyt, who had left the Yale faculty
for the Military Academy. Col. Hoyt
! taught history, English, economics
and government.
He was two years at the Point,
iw^en an older brother changed His
AT HOLDRIDGE HEADQUARTERS—Presidential Candidate
Herbert C. Holdridge (brigadier general, U. S. A., retired) is
seated as he goes over his testimony before a congressional com
mittee with his secretary, Mrs. Minnie Frost Rands, and Henry
J. Sutton, a monetary reformer.
—Star Staff Photos.
The general Is a forceful speaker, given to dramatic em
phasis and explosive peaks. He likes to be heckled and will
enter into argument with the heckler. He was an instructor of
history at West Point and his talks abound with allusions to
the French Revolution and the Dreyfus case. He is shown here
speaking in Franklin Park. _
name to Holdridge. Their parents
were divorced by this time. The
future general, who never liked his
father and blamed him for giving
the family a hard life, decided to
change his name also. That was in
August. 1915. He became “Hickey”.
Holdridge and was joyously re
baptized by his fellow cadets, who
threw him in the swimming pool.
Antoher boy with a German name
changed his about the same time.
The general was second in history,
but his mathematics dragged him
down. He finished 55th in a class
of 139. which put him 20 below Joe
Collins and 55 ahead of another
famous graduate of April, 1917. Mark
Clark.
Brought Back As Instructor.
After a tour of duty with the;
horses, the Army sent him to i
Columbia University for postgrad-;
uate work. Then Col. Hoyt brought
him back to the academy as an
instructor of history. He takes pride
in his achievement of getting <the
cadets permission to have news-,
papers in their rooms and to study
in the library nights.
“It was out of bounds.” he said.
At Columbia he was greatly in
fluenced by Sociologist Franklin H.1
Giddings. He took economic courses
from Lindley Rogers, Rexford Guy
Tugwell and E. R. A. Seiigman.
"But I got nothing out of them,”
he said. "With my West Point
education; I was too illiterate
economically to know what they <
j were talking about. Dr. Seligman :
gave a course on Marx. I couldn’t i
understand Marx, and I couldn’t!
understand Seligman. . ’:
The general's interest in economics ]
started in the depression. <
"One cold, sleety night under the ;
Chicago elevated, I saw a man in an i
American Legion uniform selling f
apples,” the general said. “I knew '
that 6th Corps headquarters on i
Michigan boulevard was planning to i
shoot down fellows like him. That ;
is they were making plans to put •
down civil disturbances then thought
imminent. I said to myself that the
system which brought about such a
I situation was wrong—I meant the
• capitalist system, and I mean it
today.”
Since then the general's economic
ideas, when he has voiced them, have
disturbed his fellow officers. The
general’s instruction in economics
came from a Catholic priest, the
Rev. John Duffy, an Army chaplain
who had taught economics at Notre
Dame. In 1934 and 1935. they spent
hours together on a porch at a;
Philippine post discussing the
subject. |
Devised Psychology Tests.
At the outbreak of the war In
j Europe, the general had the plan- j
ning function in the office of the
adjutant general. He had one
assistant. He got $50,000 from the
Carnegie Foundation and other
donors and started the work of;
setting up classifications and de- j
vising psychological tests.
Intelligence and personnel man-1
agement were two of the most im
portant developments in military
operations in World War II, accord
ing to top staff officers. Gen. Hold
ridge was talking and writing per
sonnel management long before it
was added to military language. He
introduced the International Busi
ness Machine punch card operation
against opposition. He started the
school for adjutants at Fort Wash- ■
ington. *
I talked to two of Gen. Holdridge’s
superior officers after the interview.
One said the general had done “a
wonderful job,” up until the difficul
ties that led to his retirement, which
none of them will discuss. The other
said Gen. Holdridge was "close to a
genius.”
After the landings on North
Africa, Maj. Gen. T. J. Davis, Gen.
Eisenhower's adjutant general, wrote
Gen. Holdridge saying: “If it were
not for the adjutant officers you
sent us, I do not know how we would
have accomplished our mission.”
| Gen. Holdridge was given Ameri
Can University’s award for the man
'/who had made the greatest contri
bution of the year to the admin
istration of government. His suc
cessor in the honor was E. R. Stet
tinius, jr.
Everything went all right until the
general began passing the m&nu- >
script of a book he had written 1
among his fellow officers and asked 1
War Department permission to pub- 1
lish it. Now .entitled “Reconstruc- 1
tion for Abundance," it is at the Is
land Press in New York, a co-oper- 1
ative venture, waiting for the gen
eral to furnish $2,000 for its publi
cation. The book cals for abandon
ment of that sinking ship, the cap- ■
italist system.
In July 1943. Gen. Holdridge was
relieved of his command at the ,
Adjutant General's School.
“All the forces allied against 1
Dreyfus were allied against me,” he
said.
In the summer of 1944, after a,,
spell in Walter Reed Hospital, he
was retired for medical reasons.
Last year he incorporated the
People’s Party, using the old pop
ulist designation on which the
I copyright had expired. Two months
| ago, he decided to go after the
Democratic nomination. He has
i spent $3,000 of his own money on
. his campaign. The rest of his $6001
a month budget is from loans and ■
; donations from followers. The larg
est loan was $500, the largest do
nation $200.
“Don't sell our candidacy short."
said the general as I left. “This is
growing, so we feel we are going to
win. You might call it a psychic
bid."
Colonial Airline Goes
Into Its 19th Year
Without Fatal Crash
By W. H. Shippen, Jr.
Aviation Editor of Th» Star
Colonial Airlines last week estab
lished what probably will stand as
a new world safety record by enter
ing its 19th year of operation with
out fatality to passenger or crew
member.
The airline, whose ships connect
Washington with Bermuda, Mont
real and Ottawa, has kept its planes
moving over snowy wildernesses and
tropical seas alike for a total of
192,000,000 passenger miles with
complete safety.
| President Calls for Vigilance.
1 Although receiving congratula
tions from many quarters. Sigmund
•Janas, president of Colonial, is not
inclined to pat himself on the back.
“We realize.” he said, "we can’t live
up to our slogan, ’safety is no ac
cident.’ except by constant vigilance
and the handling of details.”
In the 18 years since its founding,
Colonial has flown 184,009.000 pas
senger miles between New York and
Washington and Montreal and Ot
tawa. Vacationists to winter and
summer sports centers in Canada
made up a large part of the pas
senger traffic. More recently the
line established four-engined service
between Washington and New York
and Bermuda. To date some 8,000,
000 passenger miles have been flown
on this route.
The service brings National Air
port to within four hours of Ber
muda, where all hotels and guest
homes have reopened this season
for the first time since the war.
Holds Council Award.
The air trip has proved especially
popular with week-enders and col
lege students on spring vacation.
The airline holds the “award of
honor for distinguished service”
given by the National Safety Coun
cil when it completed 16 years of
service without a fatal accident.
Mr. Janas said “our employes in
every department are determined
to do their part to increase safety1
in air transport. and to continue
their efforts to set an example of
safety for the aviation companies
of the world.”
Sacred Heart Players
To Present 'Rio Rita'
The Sacred Heart Players will pre
sent the musical show "Rio Rita,”
at 8:30 o’clock tonight, tomorrow
and Tuesday nights in the Sacred
Heart Hall. 1625 Park road N.W. i
Dorothy Mason Walton, formerly
with the Ziegfeld Follies, directed
the show, which was written by Guy
Bolton and Fred Thompson with
score by Harry Tierney and Joe Mc
Carthy.
Mary T. Sullivan will sing the title
role and Joseph Zeiss will play Cap
tain Jim Stuart of the Texas Rang
ers. The cast comprises 60 players.
Veterans to Hold Jamboree
A World War II veterans’ jam
boree will be held at 8 pm. Thurs
day in the Alexandria Armory. 210
South Royal street. J. L. McBride
is in charge of arrangements. j
Whispering Roc
Described to Soi
By Thomas R. Henry I
Science Editor of The Star
Washington has its whispering
bridges.
j Strange echoing phenomena ob
served under the arch of the bridge
crossing Rock Creek at Massachu
setts avenue were reported to the
Acoustical Society of America here
yesterday by Dr. Herbert G. Dorsey,
3708 Thirty-third place.
I If one stands close to the wall of
j the arch in the quiet of early morn
i ing. Dr. Dorsey said, it is possible
j to hear two distinct echoes from a
i faint whisper or from a pin dropped
a half inch into a pastboard box.
A louder sound, such, as a handclap,
j will give five to ten echoes at inter
jvals of about two-and-a-half sec
i onds.
The best results are obtained, Dr.
i Dorsey said, when the temperature
is about 70 degrees.
The phenomenon, he explained, is
that of the creeping of sound around
a curved surface. It has been ob
served previously in the so-called
“whispering gallery" at St. Paul's
Cathedral in London.
The intensity of the echoes di
minishes quite rapidly with distance
from the wall of the arch, Dr. Dorsey
found. For a whisper a difference
of two or three feet is quite notice
able. Standing under the center of
the arch, there are three simulta
! neous echoes, from the top and from
both sides.
D. C. Heads Schedule
Week of May 1-8 for
Cleanup Campaign
The Commissioners have issued
a proclamation designating the
week May 1 to 8 as “Clean-Up.
Paint-Up Week” and started the
ball rolling by ordering all District
government department heads to
clean up their offices in connection
with the campaign.
Declaring that Washington, as
the Nation's capital, should fur
nish the rest of the country an ex- ■
ample, the city heads said now is
the time to clean up and repair
homes and buildings, remove rub
bish and improve the appearance
of buildings with paint.
w They asked Washington residents
to refrain from littering private
property and public space and
thereby promote the health, safe
ty and attractiveness of the city.
I The Clean Up Washington Com
mittee of the Washington Board
of Trade, headed by Kirk Miller,
is sponsoring the campaign to make
streets and yards cleaners and
make homes more attractive.
The Commissioners also urged all
civic, trade and community organi
zations to assist in the campaign
by calling attention to it at their
meetings.
"We believe that such concerted
action on the part of our residents
and citizens will result in making
Washington the cleanest city in the
United States,” the proclamation
said.
The campaign will be publi
k Creek Bridge
Lind Scientists
I The same phenomenon can be
observed under the P street bridge,
he found, but it acts quite differ
ently because of the different shape
and size. At each end of this arch
echoes can be heard for five sec
onds at an average rate of six per
second. For a limited area near
the middle echoes at the rate of 12
per second can be observed. Dr.
Dorsey has been able to record from
50 to 80 of them from a single sound
on favorable mornings. They sound,
he said, “like a trill.”
The physical laws involved, he
explained are quite complicated but
have been worked out by British
scientists to explain the St. Paul’s
whispering gallery. The rate and
number of the echoes depends on
the slope and smoothness of the
bridge walls. Ordinarily the whis
pers would not be noticed because
they would be drowned in traffic
noises overhead.
A blanket of soft snow’ which ab
sorbs sound, such as train whistles,
is a highway hazard. Dr. R. B. Wat
son of the University of Texas told
the society.
“An automobile approaching a
railway crossing might well become
involved in an accident,” he said,
"because of inability of the driver
to hear a whistle. The noise level
inside the car tends to mask the
whistle so that even the powerful
sound of the locomotive might be
unnoticed at distances as short as
: 1,000 feet.
by movie trailers and posters. Mean
while, the Board of Trade commit
tee will meet at 3 p.m. Wednesday
in Room 531, Evening Star Build
ing. and representatives of all civic,
business and community organiza
tions have been invited. Actively
co-operating ^ith the Board of
Trade is the Commissioners’ Clean
liness Committee, headed by San
itation Superintendent William
Xanten.
3 Eye Injuries, , |
Fatal Falls Lead
Home Accidents
Eye injuries and burns were
prominent among the results of
home accidents reported during last
week by the District Red Cross
Accident Prevention Service.
Three residents died from falls
at home, and 101 persons were hos
pitalized by home accidents during
the week, the survey indicated.
A 3-year-old girl may lose her
eye because her brother accident
ally struck her with a book. A
woman cleaning a bird cage was
pecked in the eye by her bird, and
another woman suffered an eye in
jury when the cap of a glue bottle
she was opening flew off.
A 10-year-old boy was burned
while mixing paint when he lit a
match and set off an explosion.
Four persons suffered bums when
gas stoves exploded, several from
pressure cookers and boiling water
and a boy of 7 was burned when
his shirt caught fire as he played
near a stove.
University Women's
Minority Seeks Votes
In Race Controversy
A protesting minority of the
Washington branch of the Amer
ican Association of University!
Women yesterday announced plans1
to recruit voting strength from (
approximately 400 members de
scribed as having taken no part in.
the long controversy arising from
the branch's refusal to admit a
colored college graduate.
The minority described itself as
nearly 200 strong. The branch's
total membership, numbering more
than 1,000, is now voting by refer
endum on whether the branch
should change its membership rules
to conform to the national associa
tion's interpretation of the by-laws.
Deadline for voting is Thursday.
The National board has given the
branch until May 8 to decide whether
it will change its rules or be ousted
from the association.
Dispute Began 18 Months Ago.
Mrs. Ruth Voris Lyons, chairman
of the minority, said nearly 200
members have been opposing the
majority since the controversy began
18 months ago aver the refusal of
the branch to admit Mrs. Mary
Church Terrell to membership. Mrs.
Terrell, who is colored, is a graduate;
of Oberlin College and widow of
a former Municipal Court judge.
She is a member of the National
association.
The minority, Mrs. Lyons said,
went on record at a special meeting
last Thursday in opposition to “the
majority group now in control.” The i
minority group indorsed the first
item on the referendum ballot, re
quiring that the branch by-laws be
made to conform with the National
association, Mrs. Lyons said.
At the same time, the group voted
to work for additional support from
members who did not vote in past
months when the issue has been pre
sented to the membership. The i
group estimated the non-voters at:
400.
Injunction Effort Protested.
“In the minority's opinion," Mrs.
Lyons said, “these members may now
wish to take a definite stand to pre
vent the automatic exclusion of the
branch from the National that will
result should the majority vote in
the referendum be in favor of the
branch’s outlined non-conformity to
the National by-laws."
Mrs. Lyons said the minority
group is also protesting the “pe- ■
titioning by the officers of the local
branch for an injunction restraining (
the National association from ex
cluding the branch—such action
having been taken, by the local of
ficers prior to the holding of the
referendum.”
The deadline for filing facts and
authorities for and against the mo-i
tion for a preliminary injunction is
next Friday.
Mrs. G. R. Wilhelm, president of
the branch, said a seven-woman
committee headed by Mrs. Karl
Penning, immediate past president,
I has been appointed to count the bal
lots in the referendum. ^
Virginia Ruling
Protects Truman
Backers' Status
11
Retain Party Standing
Regardless of Electors
They Support
■r.%
By the Associated Press
RICHMOND, Va„ April 24.—At
torney General J. Lindsay Almond, ,,
jr., ruled today that "a candidate in t
the August Democratic primary
may vote for any set of presidential ,
electors without violating the pledge .
required by the Democratic Party
plan.”
He held also that "no Democrat
is barred from participating in
Democratic primaries after the 1948
presidential election regardless of
what presidential electors he may
cast his ballot for in that election.”
His opinion, delivered in response
to queries raised by Delegate Ed
ward T. Haynes, Richmond, was
based on findings that presidential
electors are not "nominees of the
party” within the meaning of the
party plan and the prevailing law.
Opinion May Be Final.
An attorney general’s opinion
being the final word unless the
courts holds otherwise, it apparently •
settles questions of party con
formity raised in light of Virginia's
new, so-called anti-Truman elec- "
tion law, *
This statute was enacted by the
recent General Assembly at the re- '*
quest of Gov. Tuck as the Virginia ’
Democrats’ answer to the Truman
civil rights program. It allows the
State Democratic convention to re- 1
pudiate nominees of the national
party and put up its own slate of
presidential candidates under the
Democratic Party of Virginia label.
It also provides that the national
Democratic Party presidential nom
inees may appear on the official
Virginia ballot.
Since candidates in this year's
Democratic primaries for Congress
must take an oath to support all "
nominees of the Democratic Party 'o
in the next general election, the *
question arose: which Democratic
Party presidential nominees should
they support under the party pledge?
Party Status Questioned.
Delegate Haynes addressed this
question to Mr. Almond and asked
also about the party status of Demo
crats who vote for the national
party nominees.
A similar query also was put re
cently to State Democratic Chair
man Horace H. Edwards by Martin
A. Hutchinson. Richmond attorney
and a leader of the liberal wing of
Virginia Democrats.
Mr. Edwards has not yet replied '
with his ruling. 1 6 ”
Mr. Almond, who went to Work on
yie Haynes query after taking office
as attorney general last Monday,
based his opinion on precedents set
by two former attorney generals,
the late John R. Saunders, and Jus*
tice Abram P. Staples of the Vir
ginia Supreme Court of Appeals., v
He said his own examinations of
the law found nothing to change the JB
two prior opinions—Mr. Saunders’,
in 1929 after many Democrats sup- ^
ported Herbert Hoover in 1928, and
Mr. Staples’, in 1939, in response to .
a similar inquiry.
Virginians in Congress ’
Take Waiting Attitude
A number of Virginia members of
Congress are taking a wait-and-see
attitude on the question of support
ing a national or a possible State
Democratic nominee for President. 't
Representative Bland, dean of the t
State Democratic delegation, bor
rowed w'ords of the late Secretary
of Navy Claude Swanson to sum it
up this way: t.
"The train has not blown for the
station yet.’’
It was “no comment” or limited
comment also from Representatives
Hardy, Gary, Smith and Stanley.
Another, asking his name be
withheld, said he considers the
pledge is a moral obligation and ,
with no legal compulsion. If this .,
is so, he added, he feels he has the s
right to determine who is the Dem- .. ^
ocratic nominee so far as his own
support is concerned
Mr. Smith said "No comment
until the question arises.”
Petition Filed Objecting
To Action in Arlington
By the Associated Pr«s*
RICHMOND. Va.. April 24 — A
petition objecting to the Arlington
County Democratic Committee’s re
cent action limiting conditions for
attendance at a County convention
has been forwarded to the appeals
committee of the Democratic State
Central Committee.
The appeal, filed by Arthur F.
Souther, Arlington Democrat, con
tains these six objections:
1.. A $5 filing fee for any dele
gate wishing to attend the conven
; tion has been set.
2. The Arlington County con
vention is being constituted without
any election of delegates at pre
cinct meetings, or any other meet
ings of members of the Virginia
party
3. Delegates are not being certi
fied by the chairman and secretary
of the precinct meetings as re
quired by the party plan, but are
being certified by the County com
mittee.
4. The oath prescribed in the
convention call does not conform
with the oath required under the
party plan, but conflicts with the
required oath in important re
spects.
5. The County committee has
authorized the delegates to the con
vention to give proxies contrary
to the provision of the party plan.
6. The County committee has
stipulated that the delegates elected
by the County’s convention must
cast the vote of the County at the
, State convention under the unit
rule.
West Point Choir Sings
At White House
By Associated Press
The West point Military Acad
emy’s 100-member choir entertained
in the F»st Room of the White
House late yesterday for President
and Mrs, Truman.
Also in the historic mirrored and
chendeliered room were members of
the White House staff and their
families.

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