Newspaper Page Text
— .— ■ ■■ . ■ • •
Weather Forecast amij. 771 ^777777 Sunny, with some cloudiness today; highest , GUlfle TOT R63(ISrS in the lower 70s. Partly cloudy with lowest i ^ Page. Page. near 58 tonight. Tomorrow fair and warmer. ^ Amusements ..-B-16 Obituary .A-12 « (Pull Report on Page A-2.) A Comics ..B-14-15 Radio .B-15 Midnight..60 6 a.m 51 11am 62 I Editorial....A-10 Society, Clubs-B-3 2 a.m.57 8 a.m... 53 Noon ' 66 • A Editorial Articles A-11 Sports ..A-14-15 4 a.m-53 10 a.m. 58 1pm 70 Finance .A-17 Where to Go.B-4 f ___z_' _J f Lost and Found..A-3 Woman's Page.. B-9 •-PMjj N. Y. Markets Sales, A-17,_ WL An A*od„«r-1 96th Year. No. 117. Phone NA. 5000. *»* WASHINGTON, D. 0., MONDAY, APRIL 26, 1948—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. S.SVSSS'iSft!.SSSWEa* 5 CENTS Irgun Resumes Attack on Jaffa; U. N. Acts to Protect Jerusalem As Battle for City Shapes Up Jewish Underground Goes Ahead Despite Hagana's Orders By th« Aisociated Pr»si TEL AVIV, Palestine, April 26, —Irgun Zvai Leumi today re sumed its attack on Arab Jaffa, despite orders to desist broadcast in downtown Tel Aviv streets by Hagana, the Jewish militia. The Jewish underground organiza tion launched the assault from Tel Aviv yesterday without Ha gana permission. The drive was directed for the second successive day toward the Mashieh quarter of Jaffa, beyond a no-man’s-land of shell-shattered homes in the poorer district several blocks wide. Heavy mortar and bomb explo sions preceded the attack, which was made under cover of strong fire from automatic weapons. Machine gun and mortar fire from Jaffa in dicated the Jews were meeting re sistance. Tension was high among the civilian residents of all-Jewish Tel Aviv. Hagana Orders Ignored. Hagana trucks cruised Allenby street shortly after dawn, broad casting orders for Irgun’s militia to break up traffic controls and road blocks maintained since yesterday in the streets leading to the battle zone. At noon Irgun still manned the roadblocks and truck-borne forces of Hagana were seen on the alert at points nearby. Once during the morning Hagana approached the main Irgun block on Hertzl street and demanded it be cleared. The Irgunists refused. Fist fighting broke out and a few shots were fired into the air. Crowds of passersby swarmed in between the two groups and broke up the fighting. Jerusalem dispatches said a major j battle for that city appeared to be [ shaping up today with both Jews1 and Arabs mobilized on the south ern edges of the city. A British regiment was packing to evacuate Alamein camp astride the Bethle hem road leading south from Jeru salem. The Jew's and Arabs ap peared to be maneuvering for a battle to take the camp. Arabs and Jews Massing. Hagana detachments w'ere recog nized in a grove in the Jew'ish suburb of Talpioth overlooking the camp. Many obviously*were digging in. Some 200 yards in the other direc tion, four Arab armored cars wheeled into position. Eight armored scout cars of the Trans jordan Arab Legion were parked at right angles to the entrance of the camp at 50-yard range. Who ever enters or leaves when the British are gone will do so with Arab Legion permission. The Arabs in upper Bakaa, the all-Arab suburb which lies between central Jerusalem and Alamein camp, obviously are girding for a fight. The control of Alamein camp is vital to the Arabs. In i Jewish possession, it could block i access to Jerusalem by Arabs of Hebron. Beersheba and the South. Jew’s blasted a bridge over the Yarmuk River on the frontier of Northern Palestine and Syria Ths j bridge had been used repeatedly for infiltration of Arab troops. The Arabs countered by blocking j the Tel Aviv-Jerusalem highw’av in j Babelwad Gorge, 15 miles from1 Jerusalem, the British Army an nounced. 1,000 I.aunrh Jaffa Attack. An estimated 1.000 men launched the Jaffa attack yesterday. It was the largest number Irgun has mus- J tered yet for an operation, accord ing to Tel Aviv residents. High Irgun officers told reporters j last night Arab defenders had fallen back into the middle of Jaffa, a neighboring city of 95,000. and Irgun, soldiers were going on with the j attack. Earlier, Hebrew newspapers j said the drive had carried a mile j into Jaffa's frontier Manshieh! quarter. Other sources said the under-> ground assault had stalled on run ning up against British troops with mechanized equipment. They said the British had told Hagana Tel I Aviv would be sheltered unless Irgun fell back into the no mans land between the cities. This morning there was no official information on whether the Irgunists I still held whatever gains were made in yesterday's fighting. Only spo radic gunfire had been heard over- | night in twin city borderland. Irgun was reported at one point | to have handed the Arabs a sur (See PALESTINE, Page A-4.) ! U. 5. Secret Files on Reds Given Police, Clark Reveals • y fh« Associated Press PHILADELPHIA. April 36.—At torney General Clark said today the Justice Department has sent local police forces throughout the coun try secret information files on al leged Communist agents. He said the purpose is to inform police of the Communist “fellow travelers’’ so they can be kept under surveillance. The secret files sent to Phila delphia police covered 55 alleged Communist agents in this area. At torney General Clark said. The Attorney General, here as one of the judges in an art show, said: “The United States does have a Communist menace, although it is not as great as some would have you believe.” Attorney General Clark reported the Justice Department believes that Communist leaders are still active in the CIO United Electrical Workers and in seamen’s unions. He cited these as the only two Unions that have not purged Rus sian sympathizers from their lead arship. 0 9 _____________— fC/ng Abdullah Reported Ready To Lead Arabs Trans-Jordan Chief > May Head Legion Drive in Person (Pictures on Page A-3.) By the Aj:ociated Prey* CAIRO, April 26.—A well-in formed source said today King Abdullah of Trans-Jordan will lead his British-trained Arab Legion against the Jews in Pales tine immediately. This source, one of the best in formed in Cairo, said this was de cided in a conference of Abdullah with other Arab leaders Saturday. He said A'.dullrJi would lead the movement in person. Some 10.000 of Abdullah's soldiers —about two-thirds of the Arab Le gion—already are in Palestine on security duty with the British. The British have said they will drop tneir mandate over Palestine May 15 and withdraw all their troops by August 1. Within the last week. Abdullah has conferred with political lead ers of neighboring Arab countries. Last Thursday he told reporters in his capital, Amman, that the drive for a Jewish homeland in Pales tine endangered Arab peace and liberty. "I call on all Arab countries," he said then, "to join my army in a movement to Palestine to retain the Arab character of that country.” Communist Party Runs Fourth in Elections In Bavaria and Hesse Results Apparently Reflect German Dissatisfaction With Russian Policies By the Associated Press FRANKFURT. Germany, April 26.—Communists ran fourth in community elections yesterday in two American zone states, Bavaria and Hesse. The Communists have lost ground in this area while right-wing par ties gained. The Communists lost support they enlisted a year ago. Their trounc ing apparently reflected German dissatisfaction with Russia's policies in the Soviet occupation zone. Communists in industrial Hesse polled 162,736 of 2.064,428 votes cast That is 7.9 per cent of the vote. A year ago they had 9.3 per cent. The Communists waged an inten sive campaign, promising a unified Germany. The vote showed West ern Germans were not tempted by a Germany united under Communist rule. They appeared to feel the best way toward a unified country was through right-wing parties. Hesse's strongest party, the left of center Social Democrats, last year gained 43.2 per cent of the vcte. They received 668,612 votes or 35.7 per cent this time, also losing some votes to right-wing parties. A similar defeat for communism was indicated in Bavaria. First re turns from that largely agricultural area gave the Communists only 2.7 per cent of the tabulated vote. There the right wing strongly fed eralists Bavarian Party appeared to be winning many votes. But the strongest party in the state was the Christian Democrats with 44.5 per cent of the votes counted. The Social Democrats were running sec ond with 21.7 per cent. Schwellenbach Better In Fort Jay Hospital By the Associated Press NEW YORK. April 26.—Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach, confined to an Army hospital with an "upper respiratory infection," was reported "very much improved” today. Authorities at Fort Jay Regional Hospital, Governors Island, said Secretary Schwellenbach's tempera ture was normal and he had re turned to a regular diet. The Secretary of Labor was taken off the steamer Cristobal when it arrived in New York Wednesday. He had been on an unofficial trip to Panama. ► —— ■ - Trusteeship Group Directed to Devise Safeguards Quickly By the Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS, April 26.—The United Nations Assembly today moved for immediate action to protect Jerusalem. The action I was taken by 46-to-0 ballot in an 1 emergency sitting of the Assem bly in plenary session. The Assembly proper was in ses sion only 5 minutes. It approved a French-Swedish request calling on the Trusteeship Council to devise immediate plans to safeguard the Holy City and its inhabitants. The same 58 delegates sat as the plenary Assembly just after the Pclitical Committee had accepted the plan, 44 to 3. Russia, the Soviet Ukraine and White Russia voted in opposition in committee on the ground that the Assembly itself should institute the measures. In the final Assembly vote, Russia ab stained. France Favors Special Force. The Trusteeship Council was in structed by the Assembly to prepare Jerusalem in consultation with the British, Jews and Arabs. Council proposals would be submitted to the Assembly "within the shortest pos sible time." Francis B. Sayre of the United States, president of the trusteeship Council, said he would summon the group into session tomorrow morn ing. France was’ reported ready to ask for creation of a volunteer elite police force of between 500 and 800 highly trained men to protect Jerusalem. It was suggested these might include 100 New York City policemen and other volunteers from around the world. It was understood that France already had consulted Jews and Arabs and had obtained tentative acceptance. The sources empha sized that the program would fail unless organized Jews and Arabs agreed not to fight in Jerusalem. The police would have to be spe cialists in the use of arms and have heavy equipment such as tanks and armored cars, it was said. This probably would mean the use of war veterans-turned-policemen. Appeal for Safeguards. Concern for Jerusalem's people! and relics deepened here on the j basis of dispatches from Palestine reporting a major battle was shap ing up for the Holy City. Jews and Arabs were reported massing forces on the southern outskirts of Jerusalem. American Deputy Delegate Philip C. Jessup asked the Political Com mittee to vote immediately an ap peal to the Trusteeship Council to provide safeguards for the Holy City of three major faiths—Christian, Jewish and Moslem. Russia's Andrei A. Gromyko ob jected to passing the issue to the Trusteeship Council, where the pro partition Soviet Union suddenly ended her boycott yesterday. Rather, he said, an Assembly subcommittee should study the immediate crisis of Jerusalem. Syria’s Paris El Khoury, a lead ing Arab delegate, told the commit tee that he could accept the Jeru salem plan only if it was not tied in any way to partition. Interest in Oil Reports. An American delegation spokes man showed interest in reports from Haifa that Iraqi oil no longer flows into Haifa, the principal oil port of the Eastern Mediterranean now largely controlled by the Jews. The spokesman noted that much of this oil is allocated for the European Recovery Program. A three-line, one-sentence note from Mr. Gromyko to Trygve Lie, U. N. secretary-general, gave the signal yesterday that Moscow was ending its 13-month boycott of the Trusteeship Council. Mr. Gromyko merely said the Soviet government has appointed Semen K. Tsarapkin its representa tive on the Trusteeship Council. Mr. Tsarapkin. charge d'affaires in the Russian Embassy in Wash ington, was a Soviet delegate to the Dumbarton Oaks talks in 1944. to the U. N. founding conference in San Francisco in 1945, and to the first special U. N. assembly on Palestine last spring. Iran's Premier Wins Vote TEHERAN, Iran. April 26 i/P).— The government of Premier Ibra him Hakimi won a vote of confi-1 dence in parliament today. The vote was 67 to 2, with 19 absten-! tions. London Hails King and Queen On 25th Wedding Anniversary (Picture on Page A-5.) By the Associated Press LONDON, April 26.—King George VI and Queen Elizaoeth. whose do mesticity has endeared them to home-loving Britons, celebrated their 25th wedding anniversary to day amid empire-wide rejoicing. As congratulations poured in from far-off dominions. London plunged into the biggest display of royal pageantry since Princess Elizabeth married Prince Philip last November. Thousands streamed into the capital to watch the royal family drive in state from Buckingham Palace to St. Paul's Cathedral for a national service of thanksgiving. Flags of virtually all nations decked the "silver bridal path.” Many arrived early to get good ob servation points, but few camped out all night as they did for the princess' wedding. The palace was a bustle of activ ity. First to congratulate the mon archs were Elizabeth and Philip. Two 41-gun salutes signaled the start of the procession. People i perched in trees and filled every window and balcony for a glimpse of the royal couple. An escort of household cavalry, their breast-' plates and helmets gleaming in the; sun. led the march. The King and Queen, accompanied bv Princess Margaret, acknowledged the plaudits from an open carriage, draw n by six gray horses. A second carriage followed with Elizabeth and Philip. Radiant, Queen Elizabeth waved a1 white-gloved hand. Her soft bluei dress and hat set oil by the darker blue of the Order of the Garter, framed her figure against the crim son cushions of the landau. The King, in the uniform of ad miral of the fleet, appeared de lighted as he saluted in response to i the cheer3 of the great crowd! 1 Forrestal Denies Defense Quarrel In Armed Forces Calls on Senators To Approve Plan for 66-Group Air Fleet By Robert K. Walsh Secretary of Defense Forrestal today attacked a “widespread impression” that the Army, Navy and Air Force are torn by “in ternal disputes” over expansion of the armed services and that he himself specifically opposes a 70-group Air Force. He urged a Senate Appropriations subcommittee to approve a 66-group plan, he recommended to the Senate Aimed Services Committee last week. He urged the subcommittee to disapprove at this time the House-approved bill giving the Air Force an additional $822,000,000,000 immediately to start building up from a 55 to a 70 group air force. His main objection to the House proposal, he explained, was that it w'ould freeze the Nation to a “static concept” of aircraft procurement. Stresses Balanced Program. “I have tried to approach the problem on what seems to me the sound basis of dealing with first things first," Secretary Forrestal said in advocating what he called a balanced defense plan for the Arm, Navy and Air Force. "No one will gainsay that we must be prepared to do the best we can with what we’ve got. For the period just beyond we must be sure that we are buying the most useful weapons. For the longer period we must be sure that we do not fall into the fatal apathy of thinking of a future war in terms of the most recent war. In short, no na tion should ever permit itself to be frozen to a static concept, whether that concept is the crossbow, gun powder, the Maginot Line, sea power or air power, or the atomic bomb." Attacks “Wide-spread Impression.” Secretary Forrestal began his testimony by calling attention to “a wide-spread impression that the military establishment is engaged in internal disputes over the de sirability of expanding the mili tary forces." He declared also that "there has grown up a fiction that I am opposed to a 70-group Air Force and that I share that opposi tion with the Army and the Navy.” Mr. Forrestal said that is not the case and that there is no question Of the military desirability of the 70-group Air Force and of corre sponding Increases to put the Army and Navy in a state of comparable readiness. "There is a difference of view, however, and an important one,” he continued, "it is between what is desirable from a purely military point of view and the extent to which large additional programs of military procurement can be im posed upon an already tight pro duction machine, without at the same time creating certain pre emptive and priority power, as an alternative, accepting the risks of explosive inflation already latent in our economy.” Denies Election Influence. Secretary Forrestal denied that the approaching presidential elec tion had anything to do with the administration's or his own advoca cy of the increased military expen ditures. “I’m running for nothing except oblivion,” he said in reply to a question by Senator O'Daniel, Dem ocrat, of Texas. "I am consoled only by what I am convinced is necessary for the best interests of the Nation.” Senator O’Daniel brought up the subject by referring to “almost daily statements” which he said were made by military leaders indicating that the United States is closer than ever to another war. "I don’t hold the belief that we are approaching war,” Secretary Forrestal commented, "and Gen. Bradley and others have not said that we are necessarily near war. But we are in a state of tension that will last for many years.” urges orderly Planning. In response to further questions about probable budget expenditures for the military establishments as long as such a state of tension con tinues, Secretary Forrestal told the committee: "Money alone Is not the criteria in the present situation. There has to be orderly planning of our man power and resources.” Chairman Bridges asked him to comment on assertations bv House supporters of the 70-group Air Force that the 66-group recom mendation amounted to "a moth ball air force.” Using "Best We Have.” "To a certain extent that may be true,” Secretary Forrestal re plied. "We would be taking planes out of storage. But it is making the best use of what we have. Moreover, it is not a mothball •See DEFENSE, Page A-4.) Nazi Woman Gets Death in Gas Slaying of 3,000 • y th« A»ociat«d Pr«»« HAJ®URG, Germany, April 26.— A German woman was sentenced to death today for sending more than 3,000 Allied women to the gas chamber at Ravensbrueck concen tration camp. She is Ruth Closius. 28. formerly a wardress with the S. S. (elite guard). Her assistant. Margarethe Rabe. 25, was sentenced to life imprisonment. A third former S. S. woman, Al friede Mohneke, 26, who is pregnant, fainted on hearing herself sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment for mis treating women internees at the camp. A British military court imposed the sentences. Some doubt appears whether the death sentence will be carried out for the Closius woman. The army has asked how Parliament's recent ending of death sentences will apply to military tribunals. a BOD'S APT TcT\ FIND OUT THAT'S 1 /WORE DANGEROUS I THAN FEEDING AN ^ ELEPHANT A PLUG OF |-1 TOBACCO ?J U. S. Frees Two Nazi Saboteurs Who Landed From Subs in 1942 ERNEST P. BURGER. GEORGE J. DASCH. By th» Associated Frost Ernest P. Burger and George John Dasch, convicted Nazi sab oteurs who landed from subma rines on the East Coast in June, 1942, have been freed from prison and allowed to return to Ger many. The White House said today that President Truman approved a Jus tice Department recommendation for clemency for the two men. They were taken to Germany under Army custody and will be permit ted to live in the American occupa tion zone under conditions imposed b£ the commanding general. Buiger and Dasch were among ' eight men rounded up by the FBI \ ! as saboteurs put ashore from subs i i with instructions to cripplte Ameri can W'ar industries. They were tried here by a military commission and all were convicted. Six were executed. President Roosevelt cut death sen tences for Burger and Dasch to imprisonment because they gave in formation on the details of the con spiracy. Burger got life imprison- j ment and Dasch 30 years. They had served approximately five years and seven months of their j sentences. President Truman's order sus- > pending the incompleted parts of j ~~(See SABOTEURS, Page-A-4. > ~ Five More Nominated To Maher Committee On D. C. Loyalty Check Howard, Madsen, Truscott, Thornett and Stofberg Proposed as Members The nominations of five addi tional members of the committee which will determine the scope of the proposed loyalty check of the District government’s 17,000 employes were sent to the Com missioners today. It was revealed yesterday by The Star that the seven or eight man committee would be headed by Daniel B. Maher, the District’s chief legal "trouble shooter." Those Nominated. Nominated by their department supeivisors today were: Victor A. Howard, secretary of the District’s Personnel Board, who will represent the personnel office. Lt. Col. Kenneth E. Madsen, As sistant Engineer Commissioner, who will represent Commissioner Gordon R. Young. Inspector Floyd A. Truscott, as sistant superintendent of police, who will represent the Police Depart ment. Geoffrey M. Thomet, secretary to the Board of Commissioners, who will represnt the executive depart ment. Charles Stofberg, special assistant to Commissioner John Russell Young, who will represent Mr. Young. Mason's Choice Not Named. Commissioner Guy Mason still has not indicated whom he will nomi nate to represent him on the com mittee. Originally set up as a seven man committee, it will probably' end up with eight members be cause last week the Board of Edu cation asked that School Superin tendent Hobart M. Coming be in cluded on the board. At that time Commissioner John Russel Young said he thought the idea was "ex-j cellent,” and said he would rec-1 commend to the other Commissioners that Dr. Corning be included. It was expected that the mem- j bers of the board would be officially appointed by the Commissioners later this week. The loyalty committee is being set up by the Commissioners to determine whether a loyalty investi gation of the District employes is necessary, and, if so, to recommend procedures. The report which the committee is expected to make would cover the scope of the pro posed loyalty program, the esti mated cost, and a recommendation as to who should do the actual investigating. 1 Enlistment Incentives Proposed by Wherry At Chamber Luncheon Farley Also Addresses 1,000 Delegates Here For 36th Convention A proposal to offer enlistment incentives to bolster military re quirements was advanced today by Senator Wherry. Republican, of Nebraska, acting majority leader, in an address before ap proximately 1,000 members of the United States Chamber of Commerce. Speaking at a luncheon prelimi nary to the opening tomorrow of the Chamber's 36th annual meeting, the Senator said he also would favor a limited selective service which would be put in operation only if enlistments failed to provide the needed men. He did not mention universal military training, which the Cham ber is expected to indorse Wednes day night. Shares Platform With Farley. Senator Wherry shared the plat form at today’s luncheon with former Postmaster General Farley, who declared he was "not a candi date for any office.” Both speakers called upon the business community of the Nation' to assume a more active part and responsibility in Government func tioning. Charging that the ills of the world today result from secret deals made by American foreign policy makers with the Soviet Union. Sen- i < See U." sTCHAMBERTPage A-4.) | Way Clear for House To Act Today on Bill For Daylight Saving Changeover Expected This Week if District Measure Is Approved The way was cleared for House consideration this afternoon of a daylight saving time bill which,! if approved, probably would bring daylight time to the Dis trict this week. Chairman Dirksen of the House District Committee arranged for House consideration of the bill, and other District measures, in a con ference with leaders this morning. It was understood that Speaker Martin agreed to intrude on the oleomargarine tax debate long enough to take up the bills at 4 p.m. Mr. Dirksen also hopes to get action on the conference report onj extending rent control until March j 31, 1949. The present rent control I law expires next Friday. Even if the House passes the day-j light time bill this afternoon, it j must go to the Senate for final dis position. The Senate has adopted j a bill giving the Commissioners au- ] thority to invoke daylight time any ! year, but the House bill calls for j daylight time only this year. Commissioners Meet Tomorrow. The Commissioners will decide at their regular meeting tomorrow how and when daylight time will be made effective if Congress ap proves it. As for the people who missed j planes or trains or at least became thoroughly confused with Wash ington’s failure to keep pace with the time change yesterday, the sentiment probably is that Congress could not spend too much time cor recting the situation. Transportation companies re- j ported various degrees of incon-! venience and frustration for pas- j sengers when schedules were re- i adjusted at 2 a.m. Sunday for day light time elsewhere and Washing ton continued to operate on stand-j ard time. Except for an unusually high per-i centage of queries. Union Station officials noticed no particular con fusion among passengers even though more than 100 schedule changes went into effect. Air Travelers Notified. But the railroads reported a - lot of criticism of Congress by people who wondered why Washington could not change its time along with other large cities without delay.] One airline, which thought as late ] as last Friday that Washington J would go on daylight time yester day, telephoned about 250 reserva tion holders that they must arrive] <See DAYLIGHT SAVING7p7A-4.) I Quadruplets Are Born To Auto Worker's Wife By the Associated Press DETROIT, April 26 —Quadruplets were born 10 weeks prematurely to day to Mrs. Anna Borg, 30-year old wife of a Kaiser-Frazer Corp. assembly line worker. Dr. Edward D. King, who deliv-! ered the three girls and one boy,1 had them placed Immediately m in cubators. He estimated their weight at 114 to 1% pounds and said they were “doing fine.” He reported the mother's condition as “very good." “Gee, nobody is more surprised than I am,” said the father, Joseph. Charge Reduced as Bridegroom Wins Five-Day Delay in Trial Mr. and Mrs. James A. Manning, who under conventional procedure would be on a honeymoon trip to New York, showed up instead today in Municipal Court for the legal aftermath of a noisy wedding re ception at the American Legion Club Saturday. The reception broke up in wild disorder after the club manager, Milton Mace, and his bartender, Andrew Burdis, were hit on the head with bottles, one guest jumped out of a second story window, several others battled reporters and pho tographers, and more than a score* of policemen rounded up the entire group. Mr. Manning, who lives at 101 Seventh street S.E.. today heard the first good news sinc^the priest tied the knot for him and Miss Catherine Sullivan, 1622 Thirty fourth street N.W., at 10 a.m. Satur day. The United States attorney's office announced it had reduced charges against him from assault with a deadly weapon, to wit, a soft1 drink bottle, to simple assault, thus cutting in half his $1,000 bond. The prosecution decided the assault was not "sufficiently aggravated" to justify the felony charge. Then Judge Eilen K. Raedy post poned the trial to next Saturday in order that Mr. Manning's attorney,* Charles Ford, could be present. Three of the reception guests forfeited $25 collateral before Muni- I cipal Judge Thomas Dewey Quinn.| (See RECEPTION? Page A^4j k Oleo Tax Repeal Supporters Wic 9/13 First House Test •9* Vote of 235 to 121 Forces Rivers Bill From Committee By Chalmers M. Roberts Oleomargarine tax repeal backers won a smashing 235-tow 121 victory in the first House test* today on the move to end th? 62-year-old Federal levies on margarine. The nearly 2-to-l vote, recorded cn a roll call to discharge the Agrl-J culture Committee from further consideration of the Rivers bill. in-| dicated ultimate House victory for the margarine group. The final vote may not come until1 Wednesday, however, as three hours of general debate began after the test vote this afternoon and mem bers will be permitted to speak for five minutes each after that period. Since many margarine backers will be away tomorrow for the Pannsyl vania primary, the vote probably will go over until Wednesday. Amendments to Be Sought. Voting of numerous amendments is not expected to begin until to morrow or Wednesday. On the motion to bring the bill to the House floor, thus overruling the Agriculture Committee, which had pigeonholed 19 tax repeal meas ures, 94 Republicans joined 139 Democrats and the two American Labor Party members. Voting against were 112 Republicans and only nine Democrats. Voting with the majority to dis charge the committee was Repre sentative Bell, Republican of Mary land, while voting against was Rep resentative Smith, Democrat of Vir ginia. The vote had been forced by the signatures of 218 House members to a petition to discharge the com mittee. Tlie petition was originated by Representative Rivers, Demo crat. of South Carolina, whose bill would end the present 10-cent-a pound tax on colored margarine and the Vi-cent tax on the un colored type. During the 20 minutes of debate preceding the vote Chairman Hope, Republican, of Kansas said that the Agriculture Committee had held fair hearings on the tax repeal bills and there did not seem to him to be any case for discharging the committee. Representative Taber, Republican, of New York said that "if this proposed measure were not so seri ous it would be ridiculous." He said people are deceiving themselves by buying margarine colored to imitate butter. Accuses Dairy Lobby. On the other side, Representative Buck, Republican, of New York said the bill “would not be here today had the dairy lobby not tricked the Congress some 60 years ago." He referred to a House rule made at that time which refers margarine bills to the Agriculture Committee, even though they may be tax meas ures Other speakers for repeal were Representatives Abernethy, Demo crat, of Mississippi: Mitchell, Re publican, of Indiana: Sabath, Dem* ocrat, of Illinois: Grosser, Demo* dSee MARGARINE, Page A-4.f~ Late News Bulletins White House Fund Voted The Senate today approved an appropriation of $50,000 for plans to repair the White House, recently branded a fire trap, and sen* the item in the first deficiency appropriations bill to conference with the House. Tamm Hearing Wednesday Senator Donnell, Republican, of Missouri, today announced on the Senate floor that public hearings on the nomination of Edward A. Tamm, FBI official, to be a District Court justice would be resumed at 9:30 a.m. Wednesday. Senator Donnell is chairman of the Judiciary Subcommittee which has been holding hearings on the nom ination. Major League Games AMERICAN LEAGUE At Chicago— Cleveland_221 3 — Chicago _025 _ Batteriea—Blaek. Webber Old), Ken nedy (Ith and Heran; Judaon, Moulder (tlh) and Rob'naon. At St. Louis— Detroit . 000 _ St. Louis_ 000 — Batteries—Trout and Swift; Sanford and Partee. Boston at Washington—8:30 P.M. (Only Games Scheduled) NATIONAL LEAGUE At Boston— Brooklyn ... 000 000 0 — Boston .Ill 000 2 — Batteriea—Banta. Ramadell O'ld), Van rnyk (Mthl and Ed-arda: Volaclle and Mail. At New York— Philadelphia. 000 000 — New York .. 113 000 — Batteriei—Rowe, Helntielman iSd) and fttminick. Lakeman (flth); Koalo »nd Coo per (Only Games Scheduled) Today's Home Runs American League Doby, Cleveland (2d>. 1 on. Michaels, Chicago (2d), 1 on. Lupien, Chicago <3d), 2 on. Philley, Chicago (3d), 1 on. Robinson, Cleveland (4th). Keltner, Cleveland (4th). National League Gordon, New York (3d). 1 on. Russell, Boston (7th), 1 on.