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Cloudy, highest about 78 today; possible shower. Clear, cool tonight, lowest near 54. Tomorrow, sunny with high near 70. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight--64 6 a m-62 Noon ...73 2 a.m_60 8 am_64 1 p.m.72 4 a.m.63 10 a.m_68 2 p.m.....73 _Lote New York Morkcts, Pogc A-19.__ 96th Year. No. 138. Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, MAY 17. 1948-FORTY PAGES. t Guide for Readers Page. Amusements - B-26 Comics _B-18-19 Crossword _B-18 Editorial -_A-l# Editorial Articles. A-U Finance ..A-19 Page Lost and Pound, A-S Obituary -A-l* Radio..B-19 Society, Clubs.. B-3 Sports _A-15-17 Woman's Page..B-12 An Associated Press Newspaper i City Home Deliver;, Dally and Sunday. $1.20 a Month. When 6 BJ pTTVTS Sundej*. SI .10. Niet* Pinal Edition. $1.30 and *1.40 per Month. ** Test of Improved Atom Weapons At Eniwetok 'Highly Successful'; House Unit Favors Super-Carrier Lilienthal Terms Secret Trials on Atoll a 'Milestone' The White House said today that tests involving three atomic weapons of improved design proved successful in all respects recently at Eniwetok atoll in the Pacific. The statement was made after the Atomic Energy Commission gave j President Truman an official report saying the results "indicate very substantial progress.” Chairman David E. Lilienthal and the four other commissioners re-, ported orally to Mr. Truman that the “'present stage of the commis sion's tests of atomic weapons is now concluded.” Mr. Lilienthal called the tests "a milestone in atomic development." Test Series Completed. The White House statement about the report follows: “The President today received from the United States Atomic Energy Commission a report on tests of atomic weapons conducted at the commissions proving ground at Eniwetok atoll in the Marshall Islands. The tests were held pur suant to approval of the President, given in June, 1947. The first series of the tests are now completed. “The commission reported that the tests involving three atomic weapons, each of improved design,! was successful in all respects, and that the results indicate very sub stantial progress. The President gave general approval of commis sion plans for steps it proposed to initiate at once for further nuclear development, based upon informa tion gained from the tests. “As previously announced by the commission, the tests were conducted under the security provisions of the Atomic Energy Act. and infor mation as to the scientific results and technical details of the tests cannot be made public at this time. The area of the proving ground, as previously defined, remains closed to unauthorized persons. 10,000 Mm Involved. “The Secretary of National De fense and the Atomic Energy Com mission have authorized statements of acknowledgement of services of the personnel engaged in the tests.! for release by the military scientific leaders of the project upon their return to Honolulu tomorrow.” There may be statements from Honolulu then, from Lt. Gen. John E. Hull, commander of the task force, and from Capt. James S. Russell, test director who is in the commission's military application division. Mr. Lilienthal said. He said about 10,000 men were in volved in the test, including military personnel, engineers, scientists and others. Mr. Lilienthal gave no details of his conversation with Mr. Truman. Term Limit Approved. Meanwhile. the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee approved a bill which would limit to 23 months the new terms for Mr. Lil ienthal and the four other commis sioners. The vote was 11 to 5. The bill would extend terms of the commission members until June 30. 1950. In effect, it would give the next President the privilege of mak ing full-term appointments. The present terms expire August 1. One Democrat, Senator Johnson, of Colorado joined 10 Republicans in support of the compromise. All five of the negative votes were Democratic. Roll Call on Bill. The roll call follows: For the two-year extension— Senators Vandenbarg, of Michigan. Millikin, of Colorado: Knowland, of California: Bricker. of Ohio, and, Hickenlooper. of Iowa, all Repub licans, and Senator Johnson: Rep resentatives Elston of Ohio. Hin (See ATOMICTPage~A-4> j I Late News Bulletins Fight Is Postponed The 10-round bout scheduled at Griffith Stadium for tonight between Tony Janiro and Beau Jack was postponed this after noon until next Monday night because of threatening weath er. Both principals will he required to weigh in again, boxing commission officials an nounced. The entire support ing card will be held over. (Earlier Story on Sports Page.) Governor Cancels Parley ST. PAUL, Minn. UP.—Gov. Luther Youngdahl today called off a proposed meeting with packers and union representa tives in connection with the strike of CIO United Packing house Workers. He said he was flying to Chicago to offer his services to try to settle the National dispute. He had called the meeting for 3 p.m. today. (Earlier Story on Page A-4.) Pay Case Retrial Ordered The Supreme Court in an S-to-1 decision today ordered a new trial to determine whether contractors who op erated Government-owned war plants on a cost-plus-fixed-fee basis are required to pay over time wages. The Justice De partment estimates several hundred million dollars are Involved. U.N. Group Drops Efforts to Agree On Atom Control Vote Is 9 to 2 as Gromyko Insists Accord Is Possible By the Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS, May 17.—The United Nations Atomic Energy Commission decided today to end its two-year effort to agree on world atomic control. The vote was 9 to 2. Russia and the Soviet Ukraine voted against the suspension, which was proposed originally by the United States, Britain and France. The move came after the western powers concluded it was useless to continue the talks any longer in view of the deadlock between Russia and the commission majority. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko told the com mission he does not agree that fur ther efforts are useless. "The Soviet Union government stood, stands and will continue to stand for an effective international system of Inspection and an effective international system of control," Mr. Gromyko said. "Agreement is possible. ’ Mr. Gromyko said, 'but not under the United States plan. * * * The United States Government does not want control of atomic energy." Nations in ERP Fund May Be Required to Devaluate Currency Action Will Come When Inflation Curbs Country's Sales to Other States By Associated Press The United States will "re quire” European Recovery Pro gram countries to consider de valuing their currencies when the United States thinks they should, the administration's top group on foreign finance said today. The National Advisory Council, in a report sent to Congress by Presi dent Truman, said the United States will ''require” countries getting ERP aid to work out devaluation with the 46-nation world monetary fund. The requirement will be asserted whenever the council "believes that a country's exchange rate is im posing an unjustifiable burden on its balance of payments”—in other words, when inflated currency is drying up the country's sales to other nations. Apparently, the United States could "require" countries getting aid under the $5,300,000,000 ERP pro gram to at least work on devalua tion with the monetary fund by threatening to shut off ERP money if they refused. Adjustments May Be Forced. "Some adjustments in exchange rates (currency devaluation! may have to be made in the near fu ture.” the council said in its first progress leport on operations of the monetary fund and its twin institu tion. the 46-nation World Bank. The British pound, now valued at —(See CURRENCY. Page A-4. i Gen. Moore Transferred From Trieste fo Washington By the Associated Press The Army today announced the transfer of Maj. Gen. Bryant E Moore from command of United States troops in Trieste to Wash ington. He will succeed Maj. Gen. Floyd L. Parks as chief of the Army Public Information Division. Maj. Gen. William M. Hoge. com manding the engineer school at Fort Belvoir. Va., will succeed Gen. Moore at Trieste. The changes will take place in June. Gen. Parks will be given an over seas assignment. He has been in the information division 28 months. Gen. Bradley, Army chief of stafl, sent Gen Moore a message of ap preciation for his “outstanding service" in a position of "great re snonsibilitv” in Trieste. 65,000-Ton Vessel Would Be Largest Ever Constructed A House Armed Services sub committee approved unanimous ly today a bill clearing the way for the Navy to get started on a 65,000-ton giant aircraft carrier. Navy authorities say the super carrier, capable of cruising in Arctic waters, would be the largest ship of any type ever built. It would be about half again larger than the Navy s present biggest carriers. Up to four years would be required for its con struction. Presumably, multiple-engine bomb ers capable of carrying an atomic bomb thousands of miles could take off from its flight deck. Would Divert 229 Million. To clear the way for its construc tion, the subcommittee recom mended to the full committee that the Navy be allowed to stop work on 13 unfinished ships. This would divert approximately $229,000,000 to build the proposed carrier and ves sels designed to launch guided mis siles. The action was taken after Rep resentative Hess. Republican, of Ohio read a letter from Secretary of Defense Forrestal assuring that' the nation's top military leaders all approve the super-carrier project.! Mr. Forrestal said President Tru man and the Budget Bureau mili tary planners also favor the project. Mr. Hess said the full committee may act on the bill tomorrow. Four Carriers Planned. Secretary Forrestal and Admiral Denfeld, Chief of Naval Operations, reported to the subcommittee this morning their plans for construction of four of the huge carriers. The Navy asked, however, only for authorization to start work on one during the coming fiscal ygar. Admiral Denfeld estimated that 48 months would be necessary to build one carrier but that in event of emergency and with priority, the time could be shortened to about 30 months. The Navy's biggest carrier now has a displacement of 45,000 tons, a length of 910 feet and width of 143 feet. The proposed super car rier would measure about 1,030 feet long on the water line and 236 feet as a maximum width. Admiral Den feld said it would be the largest naval craft ever built but could be constructed on several existing dry docks. • Secretary Forrestal had been scheduled as a witness before the subcommitee, headed by Represent ative Hess, but sent word he was un able to testify today. He provided a long letter, however, explaining that the President’s budget for the com ing fiscal year did not provide suffi cient funds to complete the 13 war ships now under construction and at the same time permit a start on the super carrier. He added that “no man can accurately predict the na ture of any future war and urged that the $230,000,000 originally set for the shipbuilding work be shifted to the carrier construction project. Program Approved. Admiral Denfeld told the sub committee that the Joint Chiefs of Staff had approved the super carrier program, as well as the 70-group air force expansion and a 14.500-plane Navy strength. This approval, he explained, was given before the recent issue came up in Congress concerning desirability of a 70-group, as compared with a 66 group air force. The super carrier. Admiral Den feld testified, would have the fol (See DEFENSE?-Page~A-4.’i Henry Grady Nominated To Asia Economic Unit By th« Associated Press President Truman today nomi nated Ambassador to India Henry F. Grady as United Slates repre sentative on the Economic Commis sion for Asia and the Far East. Mr. Grady will hold the post along with his job as Ambassador and as Minister to Nepal. The Economic Commission was es tablished by the Economic and So cial Council of the United Nations on March 28. 1947. The President also nominated Ralph H. Ackerman to be Ambas sador to the Dominican Republic. Mr. Ackerman, a Californian, is a Foreign Service career man. Michigan Police Called to Quell Auto Pickets i CIO Union Threatens To Call Out 225,000 At GM in Two Weeks By the Associated Press DETROIT, May 17.—Special squads of State police were rushed into suburban Highland Park today to cope with an out break of picket line violence around one of 16 strikebound Chrysler Corp. plants. They were dispatched into the Detroit area by Gov. Kim Sigler at the request of Mayor Norman Pat terson of Highland Park. Mayor Patterson said local police were unable to quell a disturbance started by CIO united Auto Work ers “goon squads." Two policemen were reported sent to the hospital J by the outbreak of fist fighting and; rock throwing. Gov. Sigler also disclosed he was preparing to alert the National; Guard if necessary. First Violencf in Strike This first major violence in the 6-day-old Chrysler strike came as the auto-union threatened to call a strike of 225.000 General Motors workers and replied tartly to an unexpected plea from the Ford Motor Co. to cut wages. T. A. Johnstone, acting director of the UAW's General Motors de partment, said there is "a very good possibility" of a walkout in 90 GM plants May 28 if no settlement is reached by then. "Our people probably aren’t going to work if there’s no contract,” he added. The current UAW-GM contract, extended 30 days, expires May 28. Nearly half of the General Motors union locals already have approved a strike, according to Mr. Johnstone. A walkout at General Motors would boost the auto Industry's strike total to 300,000. Ford's wage cut proposal met a crisp CIO rejection. Chrysler, meanwhile. accused pickets of forcibly preventing white collar workers from entering some of its 16 strikebound plants. Developments In Picture. Here are some of the develop ments on the many-sided auto labor front, affecting up to a half a mil lion workers at least indirectly: 1. The Ford Motor Co., pleading a cause of “public security,” pro posed that its wage “differentials" with competitors be eliminated, meanwhile rejecting the UAW's demand for a 30-cent hourly in crease. The bulk of Ford's 107.000 produc tion workers probabl” would be af fected in any pay reduction. Ford's pay is said to be roughly about 10 cents higher than the pay of rival firms. The union, in a tart rejoinder, said “no.” though offering to drop its wage demand if Ford would i See~AUTO^WORKERS, _Page A~4.1 Philadelphia Radio Station Says 'Saboteurs' Cut Cable By the Associated Press PHILADELPHIA. May 17—Offi cials of Radio Station WFIL said today the main cable linking its downtown studios with a suburban transmitter was cut last night in what they described as “a deliberate case of sabotage.” Both WFIL and Station KYW were cut off the air at 8 p.m. <EST>. KYW was able to resume normal operations in less than 2 minutes by means of a spare cable. WFIL, however, was off the air for 11 minutes and was forced to transmit musical transcriptions for an additional 2 hours and 7 minutes before resuming scheduled broad casts over the American Broadcast ing Co. system. WFIL has been operated by super visory employes since May 1 when 43 engineers, members of the Amer ican Communications Association, CIO. left their jobs. Station offi cials described the strike as a juris dictional dispute, while union offi cials said it was a wage dispute. Democrats Pin Hopes on Five-Man Outfield Democrats were reported going radical today as a scheme for using five outfielders against the Republicans Friday night at Grif fith Stadium came to light. ‘ It's a logical move." explained Manager Dick Richards of South Carolina. "Republicans pop up when they don't blow up com pletely. They're always up in the air. Last year a puny pop fly hit the fence and went for a home run that won the game and we intend to see that it doesn't hap pen again. Besides, we've got more outfielders than we know what to do w’ith." Republicans gleefully declared their rivals probably couldn't muster four inflelders able to bend over for a ground ball. "And it isn't the first time they've tried packing positions.” grunted Republican Manager Runt Bishop. "But let 'em put five men in the outfield. Let 'em put the whole team out there— maybe they'll get lost—and I couldnt think of anything more beneficial for the country." Both managers issued instruc tions to bear down in practice this week as the homestretch RepreerntstiTe Gossett. lepreirnUtirt W®rley. hove into view. Richards said the Democrats might even practice todav but positively would have a batting drill before Thursday. Republicans were reported to have worn a groove between Capitol Hill and Eastern High School stadium where they have been alternafely drilling and ducking showers. The Democrats, meanwhile added a bevy of talent to their roster that figured to make them i , a serious threat in the big game. ' Tom Pickett of Texas loomed as a key figure in the teams plans. The lanky Lone Star stater catches, pitches and plays the outfield. He is an ambidextrous thrower and a switch hitter. "And he can run backward about as fast as he can go for ward,” added Richards. With two additional Texans on TSee BALL GAME, Page jfTT Tickets for Ball Game On Sale in Star Lobby Tickets for the Congressional baseball game at Griffith Sta dium at 8 p.m. Friday can be purchased m the lobby of The Evening Star Building and at the stadium. The scale of prices is *1 for general admission, $1.25 for re served seats and $2 for box seats, tax included. Those desiring to make res ervations by mail should send checks made out to The Eve ning Star and address them to Congressional Ball Game, Room 724, The Evening Star Building. O-BOY! for ONCE I'M NOT IN THE MIDDLE!r Arabs Shell Heart of Jerusalem, Virtually All in Jewish Hands Army of Israel Takes Area in 51 Hours Of Street Fighting, Delayed Dispatch Says /This is a combined American press dispatch, filed through United States Navy facilities and distributed by the Associated Press.) JERUSALEM. May 16 (De layed*.—Arab Artillery shells fell today in the heart of Jerusalem,: now virtually all in the hands of the army of Israel after 51 hours of furious street fighting. Lashing out with machine guns and mortors within seconds after the British government and the British Tommies evacuated the city. Friday morning, the Jewish forces swiftly overran British-evacuated positions and started knifing toward j Arab territory. The first efforts of Israel’s fighters! had two objectives: To blockade the city against pos sible invasion from Arab nations and to isolate the old walled city, the most hallowed square mile in all Christendom, which is the head quarters for Arab guerrillas. Jewish "freedom fighters" (mem bers of the Stern group! scaled the walls of the old city and occu pied two Arab houses. The Stern ists made a lightning thrust Sat urday morning to reach the wall1 and raised ladders to scale the ancient parapet. They stayed in aide for 10 hours and th$n with irew. Neutral powers, members of the | United Nations Truce Commission, (See JERUSALEM7Page 1^-3.> j Pepco Asks Rate Boost July 1 to Add 3 Million Per Year to Revenue $2,220,000 to Be Levied On Commercial Patrons, $780,000 on Residential The Potomac Electric Power Co. today asked the Public Utili ties Commission for a general increase in its rate schedules for electric service which would add approximately $3,000,000 annu ally to the company's operating revenues. A. G. Neal. Pepco president, said the company was asking that the new rates be made effective July 1. He estimated the average Washington family will pay about 10 cents a week, or *5 a year, more for electric service under tlpe proposed rates. Mr. Neal said that about $2,220,000 of the proposed rate increase would be passed on to commercial custom ers and the remaining $780,000 would be added to residential bills. Rising Fuel Cost Cited. The spiraling cost of fuel used in the generation of electricity was given as the main reason for the re quest. Mr. Neal said the cost of fuel today represents 50 per cent of the total operating expenses and consumes about 33 cents of each revenue dollar compared with 19.4 cents in 1942. Mr. Neal said the delivered cost per ton of coal has increased from $5.25 in 1942 to $9.42 cents today— an increase of $4.17 a ton or 79 per cent. He said that fuel costs to the company in 1947 were approximate ly $2,500,000 more than in 1942. Request Predicted The request for higher rates came as no surprise. On March 26. Mr. Neal informed the utilities commis sion that the rising costs of coal and increases in other operating ex penses were going to force the pow er company to ask for a rate in crease. Pepco this year will earn about $1.500.000 less than the 5’2 per cent return allowed them under the slid ing scale agreement, according to Mr. Neale. He said the company's present rates were based on 1942 costs and are producing revenues "wholly insufficient" to offset the continuous increases in its oper ating expenses. Mr. Neal said the company's op erating revenues for 1947 increased 29.5 per cent over 1942. On the other hand, he explained, during this same period operating expenses in creased 77 per cent and. if cur rent cost levels were used, these op erating expenses would be 97 per cent over 1942. First Asked in 28 Years. Mr. Neal pointed out that this is ithe first increase in billing rates re quested by Pepco in 28 years. He isaid that the company had "a con i tinuing record of rate reductions." The aggregate rate reductions put into effect from 1926 through 1943 i totalled approximately $8,400,000, :Mr. Neal said. In addition, refunds i totaling $3,213,601 were made to , customers last year by order of the ;PUC. The company unsuccessfully contested the refunds in court. Mr. Neal also pointed out that the PPC required th« company to (See PEPCO, Page A-4.) Treasury Aide Urges End of Oleo Tax, Calls It Excessive Burden Wiggins Tells Hearing That Levy Hits Hardest At Low-Income Group By Chalmers M. Roberts Federal taxes on oleomargarine ‘'unnecessarily burden consum ers far in excess of the amount paid in taxes” and should be re pealed, the Senate Finance Com mittee was told today by Under secretary of the Trfasury Wig gins. The Treasury official was among more than 20 pro-margarine wit nesses at the opening of a two-day hearing on the House-approved Rivers Bill, now on what may be its next to last lap in the long route through Congress. Cimmittee approval is considered certain, so final passage seems as sured if the bill reaches the Senate floor for a vote before Congress quits for the National Political Con ventions. Mr. Wiggins said the burden of the margarine taxes “fall with par ticular weight upon low-income groups” and that revenue raising is not their real objective. Would Simplify Tax Structure. The Federal Government will re ceive about $7,000,000 this year in margarine taxes, he estimated. The tax has the effect, he said, of pre venting many consumers from buy ing the less expensive margarine. He also advocated repeal of the taxes on the grounds the move would simplify the overlapping Federal-State tax structure. Mr. Wiggins pointed out that In addition to Federal taxes, 22 States have laws prohibiting the sale of colored margarine. Three othet States impose a ten cent a pound (See OLEO, Page A-4.i Major League Games AMERICAN LEAGUE (None Scheduled) NATIONAL LEAGUE Boston at Brooklyn—Night. New York at Philadelphia—Night. (Only Games Scheduled) CIO Public Workers Threaten March on D. C. to Fight Rider Mass Movement of 500 To Capital Planned When Debate Opens By Joseph Young Star Staff Correspondent ATLANTIC CITY. N. J.. May 17.—The CIO United Public Workers of America today opened its second biennial convention with the announcement by its leadership that it would move the entire assemblage of 500 del egates to Washington if the Sen ate opens debate this week on the so-called Red-rider aimed at the union. This was an indication that UPWA's left-wing leadership will do everything it can to prevent the! split-up of its Federal employe membership into another union. The House-approved amendment, which has been tacked on to various appropriation measures, would cause the dismissal of all Government employes belonging to unions whose officers fail to sign non-Communist affidavits. Will Work Out Program. In his opening address Abram Flaxer, union president, told the convention: “We will fight this rider with every resource at our j command. We have to work out a j program of licking this rider and licking it this week ” Mr. Flaxer bitterly attacked Con gress and the “White House” for creating a "police state in this country.'’ “It's a police state when some of these gentlemen In Congress try to j force a worker from resigning from a union of his own choice,” Mr. Flaxer declared. President Truman's loyalty pro-* gram was also attacked as a "police state" measure by Mr. Flaxer. He declared the union would not be ••intimidated." The UPWA chief attacked what he termed was "flagrant discrimina tion" against Negroes in the Federal service. "The only thing that was (See”PUBLIC WORKERS, Pg. A-4.) Alert Ordered in Guam As Typhoon Approaches •y th# Associated Press GUAM. May 17.—Guam was alerted for a typhoon today. The storm, with 80-knot winds at its center, was reported approxi mately 375 miles to the southwest moving toward Guam. Apra Harbor was closed to in coming traffic. Ships were leaving two and three at a time. The Navy shut down its Agana Air Field. Meanwhile, a search was ordered for 18 Yap natives blown to sea yesterday in canoes and rafts. Yap, in the Carolines, is about 400 miles southwest of Guam. In Manila the Weather Bureau said the season's first typhoon was heading for the Philippines. It re ported the typhoon—given the code name of Lana—was moving north west at 7 miles an hour, and was expected to be 650 miles east of Samar tomorrow morning. The Weather Bureau broadcast a ! warning to Yap. Palau and Ulithi Islands to prepare for at least a 60-knot blow. It did not mention Guam. Flooded Home Traps Woman; Lightning Strikes Two Houses A 1.13-inch downpour between midnight and 6 a.m. today, accom panied by lightning that struck two houses on Ridge place S.E., trapped a woman in flooded living quarters behind a store at 5600 Grant street firemen from No. 27 engine com pany carried Mrs. Pearl Oliver to safety after water ro6e four feet at the Grant street building. She was uninjured. As the result of a head injury when she fell into a curb washout Saturday night near her home, Miss Myrtle Haines, 46, of 3317 E street S.E.. was taken to Providence Hos pital last night. Her condition is reported not serious. Occasional showers and possibly brief thunder storms before clearing and cooler weather tonight were pre dicted. A maximum temperature in the high 70s. with considerable hu midity. was expected today. Rainfall yesterday, until midnight, was .18 of an inch. The 1.13 inches that came down mostly bet wen 1 and 3 a m., set no record but was unusually heavy the forecaster said Lightning struck a chimney on the home of Paul A. Jones at 1511 Ridge place S.E. during the storm. A short time later the home of Paul Bruinicki also was hit and an elec tric meter put out of commission. Firemen reported little damage was done. Potomac Electric Power Co of ficials said the storm caused no in terruption in aervice in any section of the city. Names Selected For Grand Jury In Gaming Probe 23 Tentatively Picked As 16 Are Excused By Judge Pine By Chris Mothisen Selection of a special grand jury to investigate gambling in Washington was expected to be completed this afternoon by Jus tice David A. Pine of District Court. A total of 16 prospective jurors had been excused for various rea sons. and others were due to be eliminated before a final selection of 23 veniremen to form the special investigative body. Meanwhile, the regular grand Jury returned indictments against two persons on gambling charges. After 14 members of the special grand jury panel had been excused, a tentative group of 23 was selected by noon. Justice Pine later excused one other, however, and the remain ing 22, together with the '•spares'* among the 59 prospective jurors originally brought before him. were sent to lunch. At the same time, Justice Pine excused one of the -spares", and it was learned one of the group of 22 also hoped to be released when the selection process resumed. Three Women Excused Three women were excused by reason of their sex alone. Women may serve on a grand jury here but are not required to do so. Th« others were excused as follows: School teacher, two; student, two; illness, two: poor hearing, two; nurse at St. Elizabeth's HospitaJ, one; needed to care for convalescing husband, one; ordered to active military duty, one: serious financial hardship, one; indispensable to business, one. Justice Pine denied or deferred action on 11 requests to be excused. Pressure of work in Government or private employment was the reason advanced most among these. To one prospective juror, he said: “All of us enjoy the privileges of citizenship; we occasionally have to assume its burdens." Those indicted by the regular grand jury today on charges of operating a lottery and possession of numbers slips were Mattie Thomas. 36. first block of N street S.E.. and Burnie O. Love. 37, 1200 block of Eastern avenue N.E. Both are colored. 14 Indicted Last Week. The same regular grand jury indicted 14 persons on gambling charges last week. The special grand jury, the first ever ordered here to make a gam bling inquivf, was requested by United States Attorney George Mor ris Fay with the approval of At torney General Clark. Mr. Fay said miormauon reacn tng his office over an extended pe riod indicated organized gambling —horse betting, the numbers game and other pursuits of chance—wa* grossing in excess of $100,000,000 a year in Washington. When impaneling is completed, the investigative body will begin it* work by hearing an exposition of the pre.sent gambling situation from Mr. Fay and Assistant United States Attorneys John W. Fihelly and Charles' B Murray. Meeting in Courtroom. The special grand jury will meet in secret in a courtroom of the Mu nicipal Court Criminal Division Building. There will be no announcement of witnesses, and those heard will become known only through being recognized in entering the grand jury room. Police Supt. Robert J. Barrett and other officials of hi* department are among those ex pected to testify. The special grand Jury will be able to conduct its investigation on an interstate basis through a Federal subpoena power crossing State lines. During the last week, gambling operators have been reported clceing down temporarily or conducting business with increased caution. A number of them, including at least lone major figure, have left the city on “vacation." Stock Market Quiets Down At Slightly Lower Levels Bv the Associotod Press NEW YORK, May 17—Stock prices turned down today and the pace of recent trading days lost much of its frenzy. Prices steadied as trading slowed down near noon, but were mostly below Saturday’s close. Traders, eager to turn the paper profits of last week into cash, sent in a flood of over-night orders that put the ticker tape behind in a fast first hour, wTiich saw some 690,000 shares change hands. This could not hold a candle to Saturday's opening hour of 1.220,000 shares. Under the profit-taking mas* most leading stocks turned down ward. The later rally was led by the rails, which were the first to firm -and regain part of the early losses. :Many of the less active issues held ito the upward course started last iweek. Among those losing ground were Union Pacific, Santa Fe, and Penn sylvania in the rails, United State* Steel and Bethlehem, General Motors and Chrysler, Kennecott Copper, DuPont, Westinghouse, Johns Manville, Douglas Aircraft and Sears Roebuck. Goodyear and Good rich w’ere lower, but United State* Rubber advanced. Vatican Reports Arrest Of Bishop by Yugoslavs By the Associated Press VATICAN CITY. May 17.—Vati can sources said it was learned to dav that Yugoslav authorities ar rested Msgr. Pietro Cule, Bishop of Mostar. April 20. They said it i* not known why the bishop wa* ar rested nor where he is held.