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- On Spy Probers Seen Garbled in Dispatches Called Example of Way Congressional Inquiries Are Being Disparaged By David Lowrenee A tendency hu arisen among "left wingers" and among others who are not ‘left wingers" but who are al ways cynical about congressional in vestigations to belittle and ridicule the current investigations of Com munists. This same reaction was noticeable in Canada before the public was flnrtly shocked into learning things that were thought to be incredible as the Royal Commission’s report opened the eyes of many skeptics across our northern border. Perhaps the best example of the way that congressional investiga tions are disparaged occurred in the last 48 hours through the garbling of comment attributed to Gen. Eisen hower. The general, who is vacationing in Colorado, met the press in a brief conference. One widely disseminat ed news dispatch from Denver gave k this account: "Gen. Elsenhower said today that •we can get hysterical about a spy scare but our Government is aware of these things and I don’t believe the dangers are great. As I see it, we’ve done pretty well at keeping our major secrets to ourselves.’ . . . "The general said policy matters had to be debated openly as part of a democratic government but •technical matters are different.’ Elsenhower added: ‘I don’t know if our laws are adequate but adequate administration and concern will do that job. We mustn’t be naive or idiotic but we can be careful.’ ” Second Dispatch Differs. The foregoing dispatch gave the Impression to many people that the general was trying to belittle the value of the congressional investiga tion because no secrets had as yet been divulged and because he didn’t think there was danger that they would be divulged. But what did the general really *ay? Another widely disseminated press dispatch on the same day, also from Denver, said: “Asked about the dangers of spies to this country, Eisenhower an swered: 'We can’t be fools or naive about spies but we also can’t live under processes of dictatorships. I think we’ve done pretty well in keeping our vital secrets to our selves.’ ” The two dispatches give an alto gether different impression. In the second, which sounds mpre credible, the general did not belittle the in vestigations but pointed out that we had done well to protect our vital secrets and that, as for spies, we should be neither "foolish nor naive”—a well balanced and neutral comment. As a consequence of the first dis patch, a local newspaper here promptly quoted Gen. Elsenhower in a cartoon depicting him as, in effect, having disparaged the con gressional investigation and cynic ally suggesting that he might have to be Investigated himself. A similar line was used by some of the radio commentators. The first dispatch also resulted in a critical comment from Represent ative Rankin of Mississippi, who was quoted as saying the general ought to help expose the Communist spy ring Instead of criticizing the House Committee on Un-American Activities. The second of the two dispatches referred to above, which Mr. Rankin probably didn’t see. made it clear that the general wasn't criticizing the congressional committees at all. Effort to Smear Probers. There has been for several days now an effort to smear the con gressional committees. It stems, of course, from President Truman, who is so steeped in politics these days that he says the committee hear ings are just a "red herring” to di vert attention from the alleged fail ures of Congress to deal with other issues. But Mr. Truman did not tell the people that the Inquiry has been in process for several months—long before the special session was called —and that the quarrel over getting Communists out of the executive agencies of the Government has been going on for at least two years under the prodding of con gressional committees which have performed a valuable service in ex posing loose methods of security. The identity of several of those employes of the Government who have been forced to resign in recent months has not been revealed but the administration admits it has eliminated some for disloyalty reasons. It is curious that some of the persons who are suspected of dis loyalty hesitate to answer congres sional committee questioning as to whether they have been members of the Communist Party. Talcing refuge behind the claim of immun ity has created an even more sus picious attitude among members of Congress concerning some of those persons named in the hearing as having furnished information to Miss Bentley, a self-confessed spy. (Reproduction Rithti Reserved.) TEACHERS ttUrtinc Salary far IMS-194* $2,200 to $3,800 With at leaat 14 week* vaaatlaa. Adams Teachers Agency Calarada Bldy., 14th * O N.W. BE. 39SS —WANTED— Female Reservationists Requirements: 21 to 30, attractive appearance; knowledge ef typlagi pro* vleos airline er travel agency ex perience preferred. SKYCOACH LIMITED (Labby. Baltlih Bate!) « TROUSCJ Ta Match teas Odd Caatc ep EISEMAN’S—F at 7th STETSON & LEE | FELT HATS FOR FALL 2 LEVITRDS 1044 14th St. N.W. CO. 1114 ■ Open gves.T11 > P.H. | This Changing World Reports of ‘Munich Phase’ in Relations With Russia Spiked by Marshall By Constantine Brown Secretary of State Marshall has spiked reports that ere are about to enter a “Munich phase” In our re lations with Russia. He stated Wednesday that the United States would not agree to enter into an agree ment with the U 8 S R merely for the sake of having an agree ment. The Moscow n egbtiators nearly reached agreement early this week. But the draft was cabled to Wash ington and on CwiluUn Inn, careful etudy of Its terms by oen. Marshall and his advisers It be came obvious that, although the Russians were prepared to lift the embargo, the Western Allies’ posi tion in the German capital would be that of invited guests. After consultation with the other Western powers it was decided that it was better to have no agreement at all than to get a bad agreement. The ambassadors were instructed to inform Foreign Minister Molotov that his t^rms were unacceptable. Give-and-Take Principle. There have been persistent rum ors that the present conversations hetween Mr. Molotov and the am bassadors of the Western powers would lead to an allied surrender to the Russians, even if the Kremlin agreed to sugar-coat the agreement to save the faces of the Western powers. Gen. Marshall’s carefully worded statement Wednesday indicated +hat the Moscow talks, while neces sarily secret, are based on the prin ciple of give-and-take, and that we are willing to make a number of concessions if the Russians do the »ame. There has been no time when the Western nations did not want to dispose of the irksome problems which have brought the world to the edge of another abyss. Up to November, 1947, the Soviet govern ment unfortunately was accustomed to have its own way at every con ference with the Western nations. The awakening of the American public to the dangers of this ill concealed appeasement policy, which has led to the present crisis, com pelled our Government to shift its | tactics. In this change of attitude we have been supported by the Brit ish and French governments, which in the put had been under heavy pressure from their once-powerful Leftist elements In favor of a sur render to Russia. So far u we are concerned the problems can be reduced to a simple issue: The world's need for a thorough economic reconstruction without which no peace can be last ing. Our handouts to the nations which accepted Marshall Plan aid are more than sufficient proof of our intention to put into effect the only policy which can save the world from disaster. Attempts At Sabotage. The Russians, on the other hand, have done everything in their power to sabotage any kind of economic and social reconstruction, inside «nd outside of their orbit. Radio Moscow blares forth every day facts and fig ures about progress made under the various plans adopted by the Soviet police state. There is sufficient Information at hand, however, to show that Soviet bloc war industry is progressing satisfactorily while manufacture of consumer goods is lagging. The citizens of those countries are only slightly better off now than they were during the war years. In countries outside the Iron Cur tain the Moscow puppets are doing their best to handicap reconstruc tion work by all means at their disposal. In spite of Western power efforts to prove to the Kremlin that the unleashing of another war would prove as fatal to Russia as to the Western European countries, there is at this time no indication that the Soviet government has changed or contemplates changing its con spiratorial policies. There is no doubt that Moscow would prefer to attain its expansion ist aims without another shooting war, even though it would have the initial advantage in such a conflict. But the few reports received from the Moscow conferences encourage no hope that the Kremlin will accept any kind of solution for European problems which does not lit into its expansionist pattern. The Politburo is playing up—and possibly overplaying—the psycho logical weakness of its opponents. It is convinced that the Western European countries live in mortal fear of another war and that they would give anything to avoid an other invasion. It is also convinced that the political and economic situ ation in America will restrain us from any warlike action at least until after the November election. On the Record Patient Cured of Fever of Inflation Could Easily Die With a Depression By Dorothy Thompson If « Republican Congress, aban doning responsibility, had wished seriously to embarrass a Democra tic President, while subordinating the national m ! terest to that objective, it would have granted him ! blanket powers to halt inflation. He then would have failed, or been forced to take highly un popular meas ures. I think he would have fail ed, not daring. In a campaign I year, to preju dice his popu Derethr Thom»*«». * Every four years in this country reason gives way to unexampled demagoguery as every politician be comes primarily concerned with get ting himself elected, operating on the thesis that the surest way to accomplish this is to promise a painless mlllenium compounded of contradictory things, such as ever increasing wages with ever-decreas ing prices; high subsidies to farmers and cheap food; a foreign policy based on staving off the final col lapse of friendly states by loans, and exports of needed goods, with no sacrifices at home; more leisure, lower effort, and Increased distribu tion; and so on through the roster of quadrennial hocus-pocus. No Secret About Inflation. There is no secret about inflation. Inflation occurs when there is more money in circulation and more de mand for goods than there are goods to purchase. It occurs when full employment creates competition for labor, when credit is easy, and when the sellers are masters of the economic situation. This is what everybody wants—labor, associated producers, farmers, merchants, rich men, poor men. At the producing and selling end it is a bonanza, and everybody con tributes to promote it. Labor, talcing advantage of the demand, ups its wages. Investors and all private entrepreneurs, including fanners, ■ up their profits. And a good time i is had by all, untU the producers realize themselves as consumers ! Then they find that when they have to pay the carpenter, the plumber, the farmer (through the food market!, the investor and all the other producers (their collective producing selves!, their money goes right through their pockets. And they are no better off than before, i but at a point worse off. Then they do not reason and say ; Obviously we must produce more. ;We must work harder, longer, and more efficiently. We must take smaller profits. We must save rather than spend: we must demand economy of government; we must deplore cheap credit. No, they cry: Force the investor to abandon his profits; force the farmer to reduce his standard of living; force the workers to roll back their wages—each group of producers demanding that all other groups sacrifice except themselves— KODAK FILM Developed and A V f Mated. Any she I ■« er t Exp. Ken.if CINE KODAKS KODAK 8UPrUES % and the majority usually crying to the Government, ‘Control prices!” But the Government cannot con trol prices. It can only control peo ple. It can order banks to raise the Interest rate; cut down subsi dies; reduce purchasing power by taxation; fix wages; ration goods; and siphon off profits and excess purchasing power into the Govern ment treasury—which won't help unless the government Itself does not spend what it spihons off. All these measures will be highly unpopular, for they will hit the people as producers. And, further more, if measures are not under taken with utter objectivity, think ing of the whole and pandering to no group; if they are carried too far and any major mistake is made; if even a major guess goes wrong, the cure will be worse than the dis ease. The patient cured of the fever of inflation will freeze in depression. In 1933 the Roosevelt Administra tion set out to cure the opposite disease from the present one. The crisis was deflation—more goods than purchasing power. The ap propriate remedy was Government spending. The cure for the present disease is the opposite treatment, but mean while the drug has proved habit forming. No party is going to cut it off in a campaign year. (Released by the Bell Syndicate. Inc.) i LOU IE_ —By Horry Honan Eloquence Needed. New Labor Secretary Tobin Expected To Snap Unions Out of Election Apathy By Doris Fleeson The new Secretary of Labor, Maurice J. Tobin, has one principal assignment and that is to snap labor out of its pre-election apathy. An eloquent speaker, he is also expected to adorn the hust ings steadily be tween now and November. He probably will be able to report soon to the President that CIO at long last is Indorsing him. CIO strat egists meet here next week and they are under stood to be in D«ri> FIccmii. the mood for it ll properly en treated. Mr. Truman was goaded into ac tion on the labor front, when it became apparent that the unions were not coming into the campaign in an effective way. At the Demo cratic convention only A. F. Whit ney of the railroaders spoke up for the author of the Taft-Hartley veto. That this galled the President was apparent in his acceptance speech when he referred to labor owing the party its gratitude. - Bad Personal Relations; The Truman problem with labor) is in part one of bad personal re lations. The late Sidney Hillman was helpful in nominating Truman and their friendly association con tinued until his death. But the President was never able again to establish a mutually helpful back door acquaintance with a labor leader. The President complained they always wanted something — when they came to see him—most people do, unfortunately, when they call at the White House. CIO President Murray criticised the President during a steel dispute, the Presi dent retorted violently and then both retired in a dudgeon that was both high and politically silly. .. The President's labor adviser, John R. Steelman, has been no help politically as ha is not popular with any faction except possibly John L. Lewis. Mr. Steelman apparently prefers to detach himself from the campaign as he told one labor lead er he was “neutral” in politics. Lately the President has drawn into his circle an old labor-wise friend, ,Max Lowenthal, formerly counsel to the Senate Interstate Commerce Committee of which Mr. Truman was a member. Mr. Lowen thal has no staff position or salary but has had the use of a White House telephone and office. The Democrats have got to have active labor support and labor funds if they are to succeed at all this fall. CIO-PAC got out an enor mous vote in ’44 which made the difference to Roosevelt in some States. It is Improbable that with out Hillman anything comparable can be done as no labor leader of his brains and skill is now in view. Tobin Has Comeback. If the Republicans try to make something out of Mr. Tobin’s polit ical activities the new Secretary has a comeback. The Republican Congress gutted the Labor Depart ment by slashing its funds and transferring its functions. Even Commerce, another stepchild, got : 10 times as much money for its operations. The result is that Mr. Tobin ad ministratively has little to do but to give his remaining bureaucrats a new set of papers to shuffle. All summer, minus Secretary, Under secretary and two Assistant Secre taries, they have been sitting around Micawber-llke, waiting for something to turn up. Congress would have behaved more honestly had it abolished most of the top Jobs, too. But that would have betrayed too clearly who their Cinderella is among Government departments. Labor is at fault in the matter too. It is cynically indifferent to the department except that there are indignant howls if one factlbn appears to be favored over another in the matter of Jobs. Perhaps not until one big alliance for all is at tained can labor have an effective department in the Government. _ Serving the Public 1908 . JA 1948 for 40 years Stop Looking, Stop Fretting About Building Supplies MURPHY AND AMES, INC. Full Line of Quality Lumber Millworh and Building Supplies . for repair job or apartment house. 3 yards Arlington Falls Church Harndon CH. 1111 FA. 4480 Herndon 1 # i ... the watch that meets the tests for Style, Performance and Dependability. Fashioned to the taste of particular men and women. Each Elgin features the exclusive Dura-Power Mainspring that eliminates rust and 90% of mainspring repairs. Left to right... Lady’s Elgin, 15 Jewels, Dura-Power Mainspring, White Gold Filled_$35 Man’s Elgin De Luxe, 17 Jewels, Dura-Power Main spring, White Gold Filled_i-$50 Lady’s Elgin De Luxe, 17 Jewels, Yellow Gold filled and Dura-Power Mainspring-$50 Prices include tax. DIVIDED PAYMENTS HOME OF FLAWLESS DIAMONDS FOR 59 YEARS McLemore—r Gets to Thinking On Hop to India By Henry Me Lem ore HEW DELHI, India.—Kinds want places today. After a late supper In Istanbul We boarded the Pan American Clipper, Orest Republic, and headed for India. We had breakfast in Damascus, lunch somewhere over Trans - Jordan, dinner in Kara chi and a mid night snack at Dum Dum air port in New Delhi. That’s close to 3,0 0 0 miles, which is pretty good traveling. I remember quite ■air? McUmiri. weu wnen it too* me tnree snoe box lunches and a dozen cinders In each eye to get from Savannah to Statesboro, a distance which I am sure a Constellation could nego tiate today in five minutes flat. We had planned to spend a few days In Damascus, but were not able to get a visa. Seems Americans aren't very popular there at the moment, especially those who list their occupations as journalists on the application forms. I tried to get a visa, first in New York, and then at the Syrian Consulate in Ankara, and was all but told that I wasn't wanted. The insult direct, so to speak. But I had to take the rebuff in good grace, because, after all, you can't very well ask a country to step outside and put up its dukes. For The Sucker Trade. So, we spent an hour in the Damascus airport, sipping coffee with the crew and trying to beat off the advances of a jewelry sales man who specialized In earrings shaped like butterflies. Yes, Jean bought a pair. I am quite sure they were made within 100 miles of Hoboken and were shipped to Damascus in a box marked, “Fragile —This End Up—For the Sucker Tourist Trade." Leaving Damascus we headed for Karachi, capital of Pakistan. Be neath us, at one time or the other,! were Cyprus, Lebanon, Trans-Jor dan, Saudi Arabia, the Persian Gulf, and the Gulf of Oman. I should have seen all this, but I didn't. I was too fascinated by my fel low passengers. The plane was a sort of United Nations at 18,000 feet. There was an elderly priest, bound froth Rome to Burma, who had learned a travel trick I intend to copy. He took the pillow provided for sleeping comfort and tied it to his head with a stout string. Thus, no matter which way he turned while catching a nap, the pillow stayed with him. There was a Seventh Day Ad ventist missionary going to Bombay, sitting next to a very properly dressed Indian—that is If one can ^^^^ [TRANSFER k STORAGE CO. W N«w Ytrfc An. N.W. NA. 1070 Export Packing OUR SPECIALTY be properly dressed without shoes. The Ipdlan wora no shoes, and spent a great deal of his time contemplat ing his toes, which he maneuvered with astounding dexterity. The United Nations was repre sented by a very charming gentle man who was headed for Kashmir In the hope -of settling the small but very bitter fight going on In that state. It was his first long distance plane flight, gnd he was unnecessarily worried about the flames from the exhaust pipes of the engines. Made him drink a lot of water and pace up and down the aisles. M Languages Heard. There were men from Chine aboard. Also men from Britain, and men from almost everywhere. There must have been 30 languages spoken on the plane. Studying them as we winged hour after hour, I came to feel that there was such a thing as one world. When we got hungry we wanted food. When we got sleepy we curled up In the same way. When we got thirsty we wanted water. There was no difference, no matter what color, race, or creed, when the basic things came to the front. And we all nad trust. Trust in the men up front who were flying the big Connie. They, for the hours we were In the eir, were our leaders, and nothing they could have com manded would have been questioned. Shucks, I'm getting to thinking. That won’t do. (Distributed by McNauaht Syndicate. Inc ^ au* ' i «* Telex Hexrinf Center H. Daniel Drake, Jr. BE. 1977 1997 Henrik* BMf. 1919 Terment are. (1SU ui K N.WJ ■BMMMgMMMMMgRNMIMMRHaaMMPRMMNMIMMM! > WuqhHettbfc / PAIH7S Si.cr IIM 9UH*7 The New “Dutch Boy” Paint ft Blended to Stay Bright $6*5 ner »»1 HUGH REILLY «. 1334 N. Y. Atc. N.W. 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