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Weather Forecast Cloudy and cool today with light rain. Cloudy cooler tonight, lowest about 55. Tomorrow, j tair and continued rather cool. 'Full report i on Page A-2.) Midnight —70 6 am_70 Noon_68 2 a.m-70 8 a.m_69 1 p.m_64 . 4 a.m_70 10 am_69 2 p.m_.62 ; Lotc New York Morkett, Poge A-13. _ _Aw Associoted Press Nawspoper 96th Y ear. No. 254. Phone STerling 5000 ^tad»j”t^oTeS*°*1mai<*SSon.!l8^3o»Bd$i04?B«rM«t5 5 CENTS U. S. Firmly Rebuffs Soviet Move To Regulate Air Lift to Berlin; « y Rioting Heightens Fear for Parley Detailed Notice On All Flights Flatly Refused By the Associated Press BERLIN, Sept. 10.—American officials rejected firmly today a Russian attempt to restrict the air lift supplying blockaded Ber lin. • The Russians move came half a day after bloody street fighting in the tense city in which Russian and Soviet controlled police fired, into demonstrators. The Russians sent a formal note to the four-power Berlin Air Safety Center demanding from the United States detailed prior notice on every flight made to Berlin. They asserted the data is needed "in the interests of safety.” An American Air Force official said the safety rules are adequate and the real intent of the Russians was "obviously another one of their efforts to get control of our flights into Berlin.” The Americans have been flying upward of 400 planes a day into the city with food, coal and other supplies, since Russia blocked the land approaches 79 days ago. information Held Adequate. The American reply was that United States air lift pilots are abid ing by established four-power flying rules and that adequate information on their flights is being furnished the Russians daily. The new controversy over flying through the corridors linking Berlin to Western Germany was the first in about two months. Then the Russians also demanded fuller con trol over flights which cross their occupation zone, declaring air safety required this. Capt. Vincin H. Gookin. Ameri can representative at the Air Safety Center, said his Russian opposite, a Capt. Gorchenko, submitted the note. In it the Russians made the un usual claim that the Allied air corridors traversing the Soviet oc cupation zone and linking Berlin with the West were "established by the Soviet commander.” These corridor* actually w-ere established by four-power agreement. Operations Unchanged. The Russians said they must have more information on American flights “in the object of carrying out air safety for both Soviet and your aircraft." The Soviets asked the Americans to guarantee to submit beforehand —not later than one hour before take off of each flight to or from Berlin—the following information: Type of plane, pilot's name, altitude, takeoff time, route, detail and object of flight.” Capt. Gookin told the Russians the Americans intended to operate as before, “abiding by established procedures as agreed to on a four power basis. He pointed out to the Russians that much detail on flights is already being furnished daily through the Air Safety Center and is available to the Soviets there. Squeeze Seen in Move. Capt. Gookin said the tone of the Soviet lcttpr "requesting guar antees" was firmer than any of their previous communications on tins subject. "It looks like they intend a squeeze.'’ he said. A senior American air officer said the Russians' real aim was to get control over our flights." He added: “If they got prior in formation on everything they de manded. for instance, they couid merely tell us ‘You can't- fly today because we are going to have ail maneuvers on those routes' This looks like just another attempt to muscle in on us. but, we can't afford to let them interfere with the air lift." American pilots said there was no unusual air activity reported today in corridors over Berlin. Meanwhile, the Russians appeared to be having industrial troubles in their occupation zone. The official organ of the Com munist-controlled Socialist Unity Party said an "extensive ring of sabotage agents” had been arrested (See AIR~LIFT, Page A-3.) Yanks Lead, 2 to 1, On Henrich's Homer |y tht Astociotcd Pr*« EOSTON, Sept. 10.—The New York Yankees jumped into a 2-1 lead over the Boston Red Sox in the first inning here today. Tommy Henrich smashed his 22d home run of the season to drive in Snuffy Stirnweiss ahead of him. Boston scored once in the first inning. At the end of two and one half innings the score was un changed. The opposing pitchers were Vic Raschi and Jack Kramer. Yogi Berra was in his usual right field spot despite a bruised face suffered when a ball batted by Charlie Keller in practice struck him near the eye. FIRST INNING. NEW YORK—Stirnweiss singled through the middle of the diamond. Henrich hit his 22d home run of the year into the Red Sox bull pen. scoring Stirnweiss ahead. Bauer lined to Williams. Joe Di Maggio lined to his brother Dorn. Williams made a nice running catch of Berra's fly near the four line. Two runs. BOSTON—Dom Di Maggio singled to dep short and continued to sec ond on Rizzuto's overthrow to first for an error. Pesky retired, Stirn weis to Henrich, Di Maegio taking third. Williams grounded out. Riz ruto the Henrich. Di Maggio scoring. Stephens flied deep to Joe Di Mag gio. One run. Air Force Steps Up Plane Buying With Additional 243 Million Orders Include Six Jet-Engine Bombers Capable of More Than 500 Miles an Hour The Air Force is stepping up its acquisition of new planes, in cluding a radically designed six jet-engine bomber capable of speeds in excess of 500 miles an hour, with the expenditure of an additional $243,100,000. The funds are being allocated from unexpended congressional ap propriations. Secretary of Defense Forrestal's office disclosed today that one allot ment already had been made, an other is before President Truman ana a third is under study by his staff. A total of $43 500.000 already has been allocated for "tooling” of exist ing aircraft manufacturing facili ties. Another of $103,600,000 has been approved by Mr. Forrestal and for warded to the White House. It would be used to purchase 213 ad ditional last jet fighters and long range bombers with conventional engines. In addition, the Air Forces has asked for the allotment of $96,000, 000 for the purchase of trainers and helicopters and the start of pro duction of the new Boeing XB-47 De Gaullists Pledge Backing for Queuille In Assembly's Vote New Premier Virtually Assured Confirmation For Government |y th* Associated Press PARIS. Sopt, 10— De Gaullists in the National Assembly prom ised their votes to Henri Queuille today, virtually assuring him confirmation as Premier. The development came as Mr. Queuille. a Radical Socialist (con servative', prepared to ask the As sembly to approve him as head of the fifth French government since January, 1947. and the fourteenth since the liberation. “Our members will vote almost unanimously for M. Queuille,” said a statement issued by Paul Giacobbl. president of the De Gaullist par liamentary group. ' Dr Gaulle Demands F.lertions. Mr. Queuille announced his ac ceptance of the premiership last night, only a few hours before a spokesman for Gen Charles de Gaulle issued a sta,ement demand ing new general elections. The election call was the first made by the De Gaullists during a cabinet crisis. A statement released by Jacques Soustelle, secretary gen eral of Gen. de Gaulle's French Peoples Rally 'RPFi, said: "The French People's Rally holds there is no other democratic solu tion than to hold general elections as soon as passible. It condemns any and all combinations 'of parties' which in delaying elections prolong a system of government crisis which endangers the republic and the very life of France." Workers March on Palace. The country's labor troubles con tinued. Workers marched toward the Elysee Palace, residence of President Vincent Auriol, only to be dispersed by police before arriving there. Employes of the Renault automo bile factory let their jobs to march toward the center of the city. They attacked a force of police which met them and a dozen demonstrators and 20 police were reported injured. Many short work stoppages were reported around the country, most of them protests against the rising cast of living. There was no immediate indica tion of what effect the De Gaullist statement would have on a tentative decision by his followers in the As sembly to support Mr. Queuille. Want Stronger Executive. De Gaullists in the Assembly had demanded a revision of the consti tution and immediate elections for the Council of the Republic, the other chamber of the Parliament, as the price for their support. The De Gaullists want the constitution ' changed to give the executive branch of the government more power. The De Gaullist demands for elec tions have been insistent since the RPF won about 40 per cent of the , vote in last October's municipal elec . tions. The Communists, who. along with their bitter enemies, the De Gaull ists. were excluded from Mr. Queuille s cabinet, held a rally last night at which Red leaders attacked Gen. de Gaulle. Maurice Thorez. secretary general of the French (See FRENCH. Page A-3J District Amateur Golf Is Delayed by Rain (Earlier Story on Sports Page.) Today's scheduled quarterfinal matches in the District Amateur golf championship at Columbia j Country Club were postponed be cause of rain. Tomorrows program calls for quarterfinals at 10 a m. and semi finals at 2 p.m., with a 36-hole final or. Sunday. six-engine Stratojet—the fastest bomber yet announced by any na tion. Mr. Forrestal has this pro posal under study. All of the larger amount will go for reorders of planes now in pro duction which can be delivered in a relatively short time. These in clude the heavy B-50 bombers, which replace the B-29 Super Fort resses now classified as medium bombers, and the fast jet fighters, Lockheed F-80s and Republic F-84s. The Stratojet is radical in ap pearance. its wings and tail slant ing backward at an angle of 35 de grees in the manner of the F-86 North American jet fighter which last Sunday averaged 670 miles an hour. The XB-47 has four engines mounted in pairs on the wings, with one engine on each tip. It ha-s- a wing span of 116 feet, is 108 feet long and 28 feet high. Its designed gross weight is 125.000 pounds—20, 000 more than the B-29. It has an operating ceiling of more than 35,000 feet and a com bat radius of more than 800 miles, giving it a minimum straight line flight of 2,000 miles or more. It (See^ AIR FORCE, Page A-3.) Thomas Quinn Tells Probers He Signed Export Licenses Uncle of John Quinn Testifies He Used Name Of 'James A. McGuire' Sy the Associated Pres* Thomas P. Quinn of Jersey City. N. J, testified today that he signed the name "James A. McGuire” to 15 export licenses which Senate investigators say were forged. Mr. Quinn told a Senate expendi tures subcommittee that he used the name while working as a handyman for his nephew'. John A. "Jack” Quinn. Jersey City exporter and soap manufacturer. The testimony came after John Quinn had refused for a second time to tell the committee about "McGuire” on the ground that “it would tend to incriminate me " Further Answers Refused. The younger Quinn, accompanied bv his attoroney, Albert A. Sann of Jersey City, insisted he had ob tained the forged licenses "from a James A. McGuire." “So there really was a man named James A. McGuire?" William Rogers, counsel for the Senate committee, inquired. “That's true.” John Quinn replied. He refused to answer further ques tions. Then Thomas Quinn, a short, bald, soft-spoken man. was called to the witness chair and placed under oath. He said he had worked for his nephew answering telephones in the exporting business and "making $5 or $10 a day. about $50 a week.” Pulled Name Out of Hat. “Are you familiar with the name Names James A. McGuire?" Mr. Rogers asked. “I signed the name to numerous declarations while working for my nephew,” Mr. Quinn replied. Rogers: ‘How did you get the name?” Quinn: "I just pulled it out of a hat." Rogers: "Did Jack Quinn know .(See EXPORTS, Page A-4.7~ Bulletins Louisiana Bars Truman BATON ROGUE. La. President Truman's name was taken oft Louisiana's ballot to day by the Democratic State Central Committee. The com mittee substituted the States' Rights Democratic ticket headed by Gov. J. Strom Thur mond of South Carolina. 4 Held in Nazi Bond Case BOSTON —A Federal grand jury today indicted three former Army Air Force officers and one other man on charges of dealing in $500,000 worth of bonds once held by Nazis that were peddled in a European black market. 1 Killed, 22 Hurt As Red Troops Battle Crowd By th« Associated Press BERLIN, Sept. 10. —Bloody street fighting yesterday in blockaded, divided Berlin sharp ened fears that settlement of the German crisis may become im possible. Allied sources voiced open con ! cem today that mounting incidents between Communist and anti Communist Germans might pile up to a point where four-power nego tiations now being held on the Berlin stalemate might break down completely Last night's street fighting be tween Berlin civilians and Russian troops, supported by Soviet zone German police, cost the life of one German youth and injuries to at least 22 other Germans, police re ports said. Clash Follows Demonstration. The clashes occurred near the historic Brandenburg Gate, which marks the division of Berlin into East and West, after 200.000 Ger mans had demonstrated in a near by square against the Communist drive for power over the city. Crowds hurled rocks at three Russian soldiers in a jeep and at Russian-controlled police. , Russian military police and their German colleagues fired into the throngs of anti-Communist demon strators. British sector police headquarters said Fritz Schuermann. 16, died from gunfire wounds in the stomach New Russian Banner Raised on Berlin's Brandenburg Gate By Associated Press BERLIN. Sept. 10.—The Rus sians today hoisted a hammer and sickle flag atop Berlin's Brandenburg Gate. The new banner replaces the plain red flag torn down last night by anti-Communist demonstrators The area around the gate, which divides the British and Soviet occupation sectors of the city, was quiet this morning and only normal police staffs were present. while en route to a hospital. They said six other injured civilians, ln i eluding three with bullet wounds, are in British sector hospitals. The deputy police chief of the Soviet sector said five of his men were injured, one seriously. Soviet Reaction Hinted. The Communist press claimed the demonstration was directed against the Soviet "military administration. It carried a veiled hint of Russian reaction and renewed demands for ousting the elected anti-Communist city government. The Socialist press claimed the Soviet-controlled police ' indiscrim inately" arrested about 90 men and women in the Russian zone on their way home from the rally. The pa pers said those arrested were pur sued "and in sonfe cases fired upon” by the Communist-controlled police The Soviet police later announced thev had arrested 27 demonstrators inside the Russian zone. They said a!! were placed in Soviet sector jails, the Russian-licensed news agency reported. The Soviet-controlled Berlin radio had reported "some arrests." It de scribed those taken into custody as demonstrators who stoned police. Release of 60 Demanded. The Socialist papers demanded again the release of nearly 60 anti communists arrested by the Russian police earlier in the week. These included 39 Western zone policemen arrested in and around the City Hall. Dusting off their best investive and catch phrases the Communist papers blamed "Fascist rowdies" for, the riot. The Communist-dominated So cialist Unity Party iSEDi called on Berliners to turn a Communist organized mass meeting Sunday into a counter demonstration. “Give the Fascist mobsters their deserving answer." the SED urged. "Halt the Fascist provocateurs." The Soviet military administra tion's official organ. "Taegliche Rundschau." charged that yester day's demonstration was "expressly dedicated to arouse the people iSee BERLIN. Page A-3.1 Osaka Has Slight Quake OSAKA. Sept. 10 uP).—A slight earthquake was felt in Osaka this morning, but no damage was re ported. Belgian Real Estate Men Trying To Evict U. S. War Cemetery By th« Associated Press BRUSSELS. Sept. 10—The pre mier's office said today that Belgium is investigating an effort made to force the United States to abandon a cemetery near Namur containing thousands of war graves. Two Belgian real estate corpora tions issued a summons against the American war graves registration unit at Liege. It would have re i quired the Americans to evacuate the cemetery in eight days. Many of ther-American dead, killed in the Battle of the Bulge to free Belgium, still are unidentified. The ceme'erv was established on requisitioned land in 1944. The Bel gian firms .-aid the Belgian govern ment had not compensated them. A spokesman for Premier Paul Henri Spaak expressed regret. After the Belgo-American association pro tested the attempt of the real es tate men to make the graves unit remove the Jjodies. Jean Drapier. Mr. Spaak's cabinet chief, sum moned representatives of the Arms to Brussels. “You have a chance to get out of the affair as gentlemen if you hasten to express your regrets to the Americans." he told them. “We do not have to express either regrets or excuses," the real estate men replied. , “Get out. then." Mr. Drapier shot back. "I've nothing more to say to you." The case has not yet been brought I to court. 1 (you mean.jimmieT^ THAT GOOD OLD JOE PUT ME HERE ALL BY 1 HIM SELF 7 WHAT A MAH! -^ First Crossley Report Shows 210 Top Electoral Vote for Truman Has Slight Chance of 56 More Needed to Win; Election of Dewey by 304 Is Indicated (The Crossley Poll of the national election trend again will be a feature of The Star’s polit ical coverage this fall. The first report, published today, will be followed by others until a few days before the election. State bp-State figures for all 4S States will be presented.) By Archibald M. Crossley Director, the Crossley Poll. Preliminary returns from the first of the 1948 polls Indicate that President Truman can only be certain of carrying nine States with a total of 106 elec toral votes, and that he is un likely to obtain more than 210. In order to be re-elected he must have 266 or a majority of the 531 State electors. The nine States include seven of the Southern States, one mountain State and the President's home State of Missouri which first re turns indicate to be in his favor. Two Southern States now appear likely to choose the States Rights party. The others are in the tie range, generally with a slight edge for President Truman. In one. Gov. J. Strom Thurmond has a small lead, and in another Gov. Thomas E. Dewey is at present ahead by a very narrow margin. If Mr. Truman takes all of these close States and those now regarded as safely Democratic, he will have a total of 210 electoral votes. In order to win, it will be necessary for him to find 56 more. A study of the relative standings of all other States would indicate that, unless Henry A. Wallace withdraws from the race or his name is missing from the ballots of certain important States. Mr. Truman is not apt to obtain the VSee CROSSLEY POLL, Page A-io. > Deadly Volcano Gases Again Menace 13,C J On Philippine Island Refugees Are Huddled in Two Ports Waiting for Rescue Ships to Arrive ly the Associated Pr#*» MANILA. Sept. 10—Deadly gases again tonight poured from erupting Hibokhibok volcano on Camiguin Island as about 13.000 Filipinos huddled In two south eastern ports awaiting rescue by ship. The Philippine Coast Guard cut ter Anemone messaged "briefly that ail towns on the tiny southern Island were deserted except Sagay and Mahinog on the southern end. Both, the cutter said, were jammed with : refugees threatened by chlorine gas I emitted by the volcano in its 10th consecutive day of eruptions. The Anemone said there were in creasing volcanic explosions from the mountain during the night. Army Ship to Arrive. Philippine naval authorities con sidered that with the arrival of the United States Army transport Gen. Weigel at dawn sufficient facilities would be on hand to evacuate the ! islanders. The 17.000-ton Gen. ! Weigel was en route to Manila from San Francisco when a distress call from the island was broadcast. The United States Navy offered to aid the Filipinos, but no direct ap peal to the Navy has been made. Brief messages from Camiguin to night failed to say how many of the islanders were removed today, but conservative estimates here placed them at between 1.000 and 2,000. President Elpldio Quirino s cabinet met to consider relief problems for the 50.000 islanders, most of whom have been evacuated to nearby Mindanao. All Reported Still Safe. Word that all of the Filipinos still on the island were safe as late as 7 p.m. came from Volcanologist Ar turo Alcaraz. who. 18 hours earlier, broadcast an urgent appeal for ships j to take off the inhabitants as the poisonous gases started spewing from the volcano Mr. Alcaraz's message said: "The volcano emitted heavy smoke about 1 p.m. yesterday with traces of halogen gas possibly ehlorine de- : tected. I considered the situation, serious enough to warrant extreme j precautionary measures. Ash par-1 tides were acidic and the air had a yellowish tinge during the activity. I There were no casualties from last’ night's activity." There was no assurance here that the 20 to 30 interisland vessels usu ally in the vicinity of Camiquin had Jieard the distress message. Mr. Alcaraz had used a radio fre quency not usually listened to by these vessels. The volcano has opened a third crater far down its western slope., This crater, the second formed since the eruption began, is near Catar man. second largest town on the island. Anxious authorities in Manila, fearing a disaster without precedent in the Philippines, had two reasons to hope. One was that the southwest (See VOLCANO, Page A-3.J Capital Transit Asks D.C. to Pay Track Shift Costs Cjused by Autos Plea Made at Hearing On Pennsylvania and Constitution Traffic Plans The Capital Transit Co. today asked the District Commission ers and the Public Utilities Com mission to establish the principle that changes in streetcar track routes required by increased automobile traffic be paid out of public funds. The proposal was made by E. D. Merrill, president of the company, as he testified at a public hearing in the District Building on con templated changes in the traffic flow at the intersection where Penn sylvania avenue, Constitution ave nue, Fourth street and John Mar shall place N.W come together. Mr. Merrill testified after the Dis trict's new highway director. J. N. Robertson, presented the city offi cials with two plans for structural alteration at the busy intersection. One plan as explained by Mr. Rob ertson would place Pennsylvania avenue below Constitution avenue by means of an underpass extending from Fifth street N.W. to the Peace Monument. It would cost *4.500,000. Other Would Remove Tracks. The second plan, which Mr. Rob ertson said he preferred, would call for removing the double-lane street car tracks from Sixth street east to Second street N.W. along Pennsyl vania avenue, which, he said, would permit a 100 per cent increase in automobile traffic. This plan, which would cost about $70,000. involves no underpass, but would call for raised concrete is lands, or safety zones, instead of zones painted on the street where the four streets come together. Mr Merrill objected to the under pass plan for two reasons: First, that the location coihpares too close ly with the high-water level of the Potomac River and pumps would be required to remove water collecting ih it. and. second, stops for streetcar passengers would have to be moved 300 to 400 feet east and west of the present stops at Fourth street and Pennsylvania avenue. Mr. Merrill said Capital Transit studies of traffic volumes at the intersection do not justify the large expenditures required for such dras tic changes. Thinks Autos Are to Blame. He declared automobiles and not streetcars have created the grad ually increasing congestion problem at the intersection. It appears, therefore, that transit patrons should not be saddled with the cost of track changes required by increased automobile traffic either-i through increased operating ex penses or increased Investment," Mr. Merrill said. I am asking that definite steps oe taken to help us provide service at minimum rates by establishing the principal that changes in track required for expanding automobile use be paid for out of public funds.' He said it is clear in the long lun that Capital Transit's patrons; must bear the financial burdens! which result from track changes i (See TRANSIT, Page^A-lO.) j 'Axis Sally’ Indicted; D. C. True Bill Brands Radio Talks Treason Broadcaster for Nazis Accused of Trying to Subvert U. S. Soldiers A treason indictment was re turned by a Federal grand jury here today against “Axis Sally,” 47, the Maine-born radio an nouncer and actress accused of broadcasting Nazi propaganda from various places in Europe to American troops during the war. The defendant's real name is Mil dred Elizabeth Gillars. She also has been known as Mildred E. Sisk. She was born in Portland, Me., but went to Europe 19 years ago. The indictment cited 10 instances in which she is alleged to have made broadcasts over the German ladio as a part of the Nazi propa ganda against the United States. The indictment, which was re turned in District Court, traces her activities from December 11. 1941. up to and including May 8. 1945. shortly after collapse of organized German resistance on the continent. Must Stand Trial Here. The defendant, unless the indict, ment is dismissed, must stand trial in the District under the code deal ing with treason and specifying that such trials must be held in the Juris diction where the accused first landed on United States soil. Penalties for conviction range from five years, plus a *10.000 fine, to life imprisonment or death. Con viction also carries an automatic loss of American citizenship. The defendant was flown to Bolling Field from Frankfort. Ger many. on August 21 and remanded to District Jail following preliminary arraignment before United States Commissioner Cyril S. Lawrence. German Nationals Heard. Under direction of John M. Kelly.1 jr., special assistant to the At torney General, the grand jury started hearing evidence on the case August 27, and final witnesses were brought up yesterday. The witnesses were said to have included German nationals en gaged in radio work during the war and some American troops w-ho had been prisoners of the Nazis. The indictment charged that •‘Axis Sally.” while a citizen of the United States, violated her duty of allegiance “knowlingly, intentional ly. wilfully and treasonably” by ad hering to the enemies of America. These acts allegedly occurred at Berlin and Hammerstein, Germany; Paris and Chartres, France; in the Netherlands and other places within the German'Reich or controlled by Nazi occupation armies. The indictment pointed out that these willful violations occurred after the United States went to war with Germany in December, 1941. and that the defendant was guilty of giving "aid and comfort" to the enemies of America. Sought Job. Indictment Saya. She was accused of seeking em ployment by the German Radio Broadcasting Co. with the intention of taking part in psychological war-; fare against the United States. In the course of this employment, the indictment stated, “the defend-] iSee AXI8 SALJjY~Page~A-4.) j Soviet Bombers Sighted Over Danish Isle Again By th« Associated Press COPENHAGEN, Sept, 10.—Rus I sian bombers roared over the Danish island of Bornholm this morn^n8 for the second straight day. A Foreign Office spokesman said his office "may decide whether Den mark shall lodge an official protest with the Soviet government" when Foreign Minister Gustav Rasmussen letums tomorrow. He i» attending a Scandinavian foreign ministers' ■meeting in Stockholm. Col. H. E. Christensen, Danish, commandant of Bornholm, said the flyers evidently were off course and that the flights had not been pro vocative in character. • "It is evident that the Russian violations of Danish territory have taken place during Great Russian military and naval maneuvers in the Baltic area," he said. "During the hazy weather planes have lost their direction and have involun tarily violated Danish territory in' their search for landmarks.” | Groves on Stand As Probers Study Atomic Spying Security Was Minor Among Other Goals, General Remarks By Miriam Ottenbarg Lt. Gen. Leslie R. Groves, war time head of the atomic bomb project, was questioned by th# House Committee on Un-Amer ican Activities at a closed session today as the committee pursued its investigation of “atomic espionage.” Before entering the committee room, the retired Army officer told reporters that security measures to protect the secret of atomic research were “a very minor thing in respect to all the efforts devoted” to the entire project. "Our objective was to get the bomb so we could end the war and save American lives." Gen. Groves told reporters. "Security was just a par* of it.” Asked if he believed any secret information slipped through the se curity guard, Gen. Groves replied bv referring to the record of the Canadian atomic espionage case, which he satd should be required reading. Answers Subpoena. Now vice president of Remington Rand in charge of advanced re search. Gen. Groves said he waa subpoenaed to appear today. At nis previous appearance in secret session, Gen. Groves came by in vitation. When reporters pointed out the committee Is particularly interested m finding out whether atomic secrets were relayed to Moscow, Gen. Groves replied with a shrug: "I could tell them a great deal about everything for which I was responsible. Unlike a good many other people. I'm not dependent on files." Just how much Gen. Groves will be in a position to tell the commit tee. however, was doubtful. The general, said In answer to questions that there "seems to be s great deal of question" about what a retired officer can say and write in view of various presidential directives. "Although a retired Army officer is supposed to be a private eitiaen,’* the general grinned, “apparently he Is not." Lives Now in Connecticut. The general, who. unlike other witnesses at tht dosed sessions, answered reporters' questions will ingly, appeared in civilian clothes. He said he is now living in Darien, Conn. Gen. Groves was expected to b« asked about th# alleged shipment of uranium compound and 25 pound* of refined uranium metal to the Soviet Union. Representative McDowell. Repub lican, of Pennsylvania has said that 1.300 pounds of uranium compound were shipped t» Russia "at the very height of atomic research” in 1043. He said two high Government offi cials were responsible. Soon after he made this dis closure, Gen. Groves w^s asked In a radio broadcast If he knew any thing about it. The retired Army officer said he didn't ship lt. Asked whether, if shipments were made, it was done without his knowledge, he replied: "That would be a fairly good assump tion.” Committee Secretive. The committee has been unusual ly secretive about it* activities tht* week in preparation for open hear ings next Wednesday. After a con tinuous closed session that lasted more than seven hours yesterday, Chaiiman Thomas told reporter* ihc session was "very Important.” He said the committee made "sub stantial progress." Mr Thomas said the committed ' See-PROBE, Page~A-T) Cool Weather Returns; Rain to End Tonight Cool weather is back again for at least a couple of days, according to the Weather Bureau. The forecaster is banking on all dav showers to keep today's mer cury reading no higher than th* low 70s. as contrasted with yester day’s high of 90 at 2:56 p.m. And while an end of the rain waa seen tonight, low temperatures ar* expected to continue tomorrow. To night's low, the forecaster said, will be about 55. This morning s minimum was 6t at 7:46. Sunday Reading The educational theme reaches a peak next week as public schools open their doors for the fall semester. In keep ing with this trend of thought. The Sunday Star will issue its annual educational supple ment. A special section will be devoted to the functions of elementary and secondary schools and colleges in the Washington Metropolitan Area. In it will be found the views of national educators on the future goal of the school sys tem; news of Washington pub lic schools and how they are confronting the problems of overcrowding and teacher shortages; accounts of huge building programs which will augment present facilities for instruction and innumerable articles on specialized educa tional fields. All this will be in addition to the customary Sunday edi torials and features, reviews of literary, artistic, musical and dramatic activities, complete sports and spot news coverage, all in $4* &uttdag &!sr