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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 11, 1948, Image 1

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96th Year. No. 255. Phone STerling 5000 ** WASHINGTON, I). C., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1948—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES, sundry™s?3oT*iu«h*Kn*°mium.$i.3o»nd$i.*op«rMonth CENTS
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Western Allies
Incite' Berlin,
Reds Charge
Communist Press
Warns of 'Serious
By the Associated Press
BERLIN, Sept. 11.—The Soviet
military administrations’ official
newspaper today accused the
Western Allies of “inciting” Ber
liners against Russia and Com
The entire Communist press railed
against anti-Communists in the
most abusive terms it has yet used.
It warned that Thursday’s bloody
street fighting, which followed a
huge anti-Communist demonstra
tion, might have "serious conse
The obvious aim was to build up
tomorrow's Communist counter
rally in tte Soviet sector and in
tensify Communist demands that
Berliners must kick put the elected
anti-Communist city government.
Spies Reported seized.
Meantime, the Russian-licensed
news agency ADN reported last
night that a German-led spy ring
• supported” by American and Brit
ish authorities, had been smashed
in Eastern Germany with the arrest
of 15 agents.
(In Washington there was no
official comment on the an
nouncement, but some officials
suspected the reported smashing
of a "sp#' ring” was yart of a
Communist effort to suppress op
position in the Soviet occupation
The report said all the arrested
agents were under orders from Kurt
Schumacher, Social Democrat lead
er in Western Germany, and had
"the fullest support of American
and British occupation authorities.”
It hinted that Schumacher's So
cialists operated an underground
throughout the Russian zone.
Reached in Hannover, Schumacher
refused to make any statement on
the Soviet agency’s charges.
Mail Allowed to Go Through.
Earlier, it wa6 announced in
Frankfurt that an American court
had sentenced Count Heinrich Von
Einsiedel, 26, great-grandson of Bis
marck, Germany’s “iron chancellor,”
to six months in jail for carrying
false papers. He had been arrested
as a suspected "contact man” for
the Russians in the United States
Railway officials in Hannover said
last night the Russians allowed
eight railway cars of mail to travel
from blockaded Berlin to the Brit
ish' rone of Germany during the
day. A British transport official
in Berlin said it had “no sig
nificance as far as the blockade of
Berlin is concerned.”
TKe official said the westward
movement of mail posted in the
Russian sector of Berlin has been
going on all summer “in dribs and
drabs.” He said the mail trains
do not travel over the blockaded
international Helmstedt line, but
along a northerly route which has
never stopped such traffic.
Taegliche Runschau, Soviet mili
tary administration organ, spear
headed today’s Communist press
"Completely irresponsible Fascist
elements in the Berlin city govern
ment are up to tricks which nat
urally can lead to serious results,”
the paper warned.
Talks Apparently Deadlocked.
"It is inadmissable that in the
former capital of Fascism repre
sentatives of the occupation powers
not only do not act against rowdy
Fascist rabble, but even incite it
and take it under protection.”
Neues Deutschland, newspaper of
the Soviet-sponsored Socialist Unity
Party said "We believe the Soviet
government well knows how to dif
ferentiate between war agitators in
Berlin and the peaceful Berlin popu
“We expect now as .before that
negotiations in Moscow will have a
favorable outcome," it said, “but
every Berliner should see clearly
that with this city government and
is Mayor Berlin can only expect
With the situation in Berlin
oisening, there still was no indi
uion when the four military gov
nors would meet here again to
Dntinue discussions toward settle
lent of the 79-day Soviet blockade
(See-GERM A N , P age A -2.)
1S. Turns Over Millions
In Assets to South Korea
|y th# Associated Press
SEOUL, Sept. 11.—The United
states turned over property and
icdits worth hundreds of millions
of dollars to the new republic of
_outh Korea today.
The first financial agreement be
tween the two countries was
reached after three weeks of nego
tiation. It was signed by American
Ambassador John J. Muccio and
representatives of the republic. Mr.
Muccio said 11 departments of the
military government will be taken
over at noon Monday by the Ko
About $250,000,000 worth of reha
bilitation supplies was written off as
a gift to the new republic and dis
tributed in South Korea as one part
of the agreement._
Warehouse Fire Imperils
Amsterdam Food Supply
By tfoo Associated Press
AMSTERDAM, Sept. 11.—A huge
fire broke out this morning in the
Blaufnes cold storage warehouses,
the largest in Europe, and threat
ened to destroy Amsterdam's winter
stocks of food.
The fire raged in two sections of
the enormous warehouses and
threatened to spread to a third one.
Five firemen were overcome by
the greasy smoke and had to be
treated with oxygen. Another fell
from a ladder without being seri
ously injured.
The cause of the fire was not
known Immediately.
Berlin Crisis Reported Going
To U.N. if Plea to Stalin Fails
Western Power Ambassadors in Moscow
Said to Be Seeking immediate Conference
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Sept. 11.—Western
power diplomatic sources re
ported today that the United
'States, Britain and France will
ask the United Nations to in
vestigate the Berlin crisis if a
new direct bid to Russia for a
settlement fails.
The source said Western power
envoys in Moscow had been in
structed to request an Immediate
new meeting with Prime Minister
Stalin to reach a settlement.
Whether the request actually had
been submitted was as yet not
known here.
(Moscow dispatches said the
three Western power envoys were
reported exchanging important
messages with their home cap
itals on the next step in the four
power talks. However, there was
said to be little chance of such
a meeting over this week end.)
If the new appeal to Mr. Stalin
fails and the Western powers
resort to the United Nations ma
chinery, the step could be taken
either through the Security Council
or the General Assembly.
The Security Council is scheduled
to meet in Paris September 15 and
the General Assembly session opens
there six days later.
The Western powers presumably
would pick the Assembly since Rus
sia could block a Security Council
inquiry by exercising her veto—if
she wished. There is no veto in
the Assembly.
Chief issues in the Berlin dis
pute are reported to be Russia's
demand for the veto in decisions
affecting Berlin’s currency and the
Soviet blockade of Berlin. The
Western powers Have held out for
majority rule on the curency ques
Instructions to the three Western
envoys in Moscow were sent two
days ago by American Ambassador
Lewis W. Douglas, French Ambas
sador Rene Massigli and Sir William
Strang, chief of the German sec
tion of the British Foreign Office.
The action was taken, the source
reported, only after consultation
with top-ranking Allied officials, in
cluding Foreign Secretary Bevin
and Secretary of State Marshall.
The talk with Mr. Stalin, if it
materializes, would be the third in
which he participated. Diplomatic
officials here still nurse hopes, even
though they are slight, that Foreign
Secretary Molotov may agree over
(See 1DIPLOMATIC, Page A-3.)
Vandenberg Pledges
A United America
On Foreign Policy
Issues Statement After
Talk With Dewey and
John Fostfr Dulles
By a Staff Corrtspondtnf of Tht Star
NEW YORK, Sept. 11.—The
world was on notice today from
i the Republican high command
that America will continue to
stand “united against aggres
sion’’ in these critical times, de
spite an impending presidential
The statement came from Chair
man Vandenberg of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee as he
emerged last night from an hour
long conference here with Gov.
Dewey, the Republican standard
bearer, and John Foster Dulles. Mr.
Dulles is an American delegate to
the United Nations organization as
well as one of Mr. Dewey’s chief ad
visers on foreign affairs.
The statement obviously was in
tended to serve notice on Moscow:
that no matter how much Demo-1
crats and Republicans may differ
over the question in the next seven
weeks, they will stand together on
the Berlin crisis.
Won't Weaken Foreign Policy.
Even before these two leading
Republican spokesmen on foreign
policy—Senator Vandenberg and Mr.
Dulles—met with Gov. Dewey here
last night it had been made clear
by reliable sources in Albany that
Gov. Dewey would no nothing in his
campaign for the presidency to
weaken basic American foreign pol
icy in Europe.
When Gov. Dewey came to New
York yesterday morning from Albany
to register as a voter in the Novem
ber election, there was no advance
Intimation that an important foreign
policy confeience also was scheduled
to take place. But Senator Van
den Derg was already en route to
New York by plane, and at 7 p.m.
last night he and Mr. Dulles entered
Gov. Dewey’s rooms in the Roose
velt Hotel.
After they had been closeted to
gether for an hour, Senator Van
denberg came out with the follow
ing prepared statement:
"I have flown to New York for
a final conference with Gov. Dewey
and John Foster Duiles before Mr.
Duile.^ leaves for his critical re
sponsibilities in the General As
sembly of the United Nations at
Paris. We have canvassed the
foreign policy problems which con
front our country including the sit
uation in Berlin.
United to Protect Rights.
"Regardless of political differences
at home we are serving notice on
the world that America is united
to protect American rights every
where and through firmness in the
right to seek peace with justice for
ourselves and the other peace-living
peoples of the world.
"It is of the greatest importance
that other nations which do not
understand our political system
should not be misled by our political
campaign at home. We shall be in
internal controversy regarding many
phases of foreign policy. But we
shall not be in controversy over the
basic fact that America is united
against aggression and against the
foes of freedom.
“I am happy to say that Gov.
(See VANDENBERG7~Page A-2.)
Division of ERP Funds
Agreed On by Nations
Of Western Europe
$1,223,000,000 Allocated
To Britain; France
Will Get $989,000,000
By the Associated Pres*
PARIS, Sept. 11.—The nations
of Western Europe today reached
the first milestone in working
together for mutual recovery
when their delegates agreed on
the division of $4,875,000,000 in
American aid funds.
The decision for the first year of
the European Recovery Program
embraces a system of intra-Euro
pean assistance which has still to
be filled out by an agreement on
currency exchanges.
The council of the European Eco
nomic Co-operation Organization
prepared these agreements in a six
hour session last night. Work on
the scheme for currency payments
will continue today.
Details Due September 25.
As soon as the council agrees on
the currency proposals it will go to
work on the details of the 1948-9
recovery program for submission to
the American Economic Co-opera
tion Administration. Each partici
pating nation is to alter its program
to conform with the aid allotments
drawn up last night. The complete
program should be ready by Sep
tember 25.
The proposed division of American
aid for the first year, as revealed by
the council, gave Britain the great
est amuont—$1,223,000,000. This was
a cut of $10,000,000 from the British
portion in the schedule originally
drawn by the council’s subcommit
tee of experts.
This reduction, along with cuts in
the amounts granted France, Italy,
Sweden and the Netherlands, went
to make up $50,000,000 extra granted
to the British-American bizone of
Germany. France’s allotment was
reduced $20,000,000, the Netherlands
$10,000,000 and Italy and Sweden
$5,000,000 each.
France Gets Second Amount.
France drew the highest amount
after Britain—$989,000,000. Other
allotments included: Italy, $606,000,
000; the Netherlands, $496,000,000. of
which $84,000,000 is earmarked for
the East Indies; Belgium, $250,000,
000; Austria, $217,000,000; Denmark
$110,000,000; Norway, $84,000,000;
Eire, $79,000,000: Turkey, $50,000,000;
Sweden, $42,000,000; Trieste, $18,
000,000, and Iceland/$11,000,000.
The bizone of Germany drew
$414,000,000. An additional $40.
000,000 is set; aside by the schedule
to purchase sterling in Britain for
the bizone. The French zone of
Germany will receive $100,000,000
under the schedule.
No allotments were made for
Portugal or Switzefland, since it
was agreed that neither country is
in need of American dollars.
Under the proposed intra-Euro
pean assistance program, six “credi
tor" nations—countries which are
expected to export more than they
import—are to open credits in their
own currencies to other nations in
need of imports. „
The six nations which are to set
aside $565,000,000 In their own cur
rencies for this purpose are Britain,
the bizone of Germany. Belgium,
(See ERP, Page A-27)
Miner's Wife Says Her Daughter
Will Wed Hitchcock Scion
By the Associated Press
WINDBER; Pa., Sept. 11.—A stout
and jolly little coal miner’s wife
today announced the betrothal of
her daughter, Stephana Saja, 23, to
Francis Hitchcock, wealthy polo
player and brother of the late
Tommy Hitchcock, famed polo star.
Mrs. Mary Saja Turk, 58, whose
first husband died a few years ago
of miner’s asthma, looked up as she
did her household chores In this
small mining community just 10
miles southeast of Johnstown and
said, “I don’t think 'Steffle' was
happy in Windber. I don't think
shell ever return.”
She said her daughter, who went
to New York to become a secretary
of a Wall Street brokerage firm im
mediately after her graduation from
Windber High School in 1943, told
her of her betrothal when she re
turned home on a visit last week
Mrs. Turk, who married Steve
Turk, 60-year-old miner last year,
said she understood her daughter
had flown from New York to Florida
today. She said no wedding date
had been set but expected the mar
riage to take place in about three
Mr. Hitchcock was divorced in
1934 from the former Mary Atwell
and later married a model, Mary
The Rev. John Loya, pastor of
St. Mary’s Greek Catholic Church,
said Stephana had visited him to
obtain special dispensation to marry
Mr. Hitchcock. Results of her talk
with the priest were not disclosed.
Mrs. Turk said her daughter had
invited her to attend the wedding
but the little coal miner’s wife de
clined. She said she thought it was
too far to travel at her age.
Financial Plan
Offered by New
French Premier
Queuille Confirmed,
351 to 196; Seeks
Centrist Cabinet
By the Associated Press
PARIS, Sept. 11. —Premier
Henri Queuille today offered
France a program of budget re
ductions and increased taxes in
an attempt to get the nation
back on its financial feet.
Backed by a National Assembly
vote of 351 to 196, confirming him
as a premier, Mr. Queuille sought to
form a new Centrist government.
He cffeied the nation a financial
policy along the same general lines
as his two predecessors, Andre Marie
and Robert Schuman. The same
policies caused the downfall of the
two governments.
Election to Be Considered.
To adherents of Gen. Charles De
Gaulle, the premier tendered a
vague promise to consider the gen
eral elections which they are de
manding. He said the question of
elections will be taken up with the
Assembly after the country’s finan
cial difficulties are solved.
This apparently was not enough
to win the support of the De Gaul
Usts, but they refrained from voting
against Mr. Queuille. most of them
registering abstentions.
Demands for elections were voiced
again yesterday by Gen. De Gaulle
as he started a political tour of
Southeastern France and Corsica.
He is scheduled to make almost 100
speeches in eight days. In an ad
dress at Avignon, he said:
“I am ready to assure the destiny
of the country. I am sure of the
country’s choice when it is given a
chance to express itself.”
Economies Planned.
To bring order out of the nation's
financial plight, Mr. Queuille said
he planned economies in both the
civilian and military establishments
of the government, revision of sub
sidies, reorganization of national
ized enterprises and raising of an
additional 80,000,000,000 francs of
new revenue to balance the budget.
Mr. Queuille, a Radical Socialist
(Conservative), said he would start
forming his government today. He
is expected to take the important
Finance Ministry himself, in addi
tion to the premiership.
Mr. Schuman, a Popular Repub
lican, is expected to retain the For
eign Ministry he held in the Marie |
government and in his own short-;
lived cabinet.
The cabinet will be a combination
of Radical Socialists, Socialists and
Popular Republicans, with possibly
some independents. Communists,
extreme right-wing deputies and
followers of Gen. De Gaulle will be
Motorists in West Rationed
As Oil Strike Continues
By th* Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 11.—The
CIO Oil Refinery Workers’ strike
against six major California pro
ducers entered its second week today
with no settlement in sight.
An oil industry allocation com
mittee announced after a meeting
in Los Angeles that motorists would
get three-fourths of their normal
supply of gasoline. As the pinch
began to be felt, this State assumed;
a new role and began to import gas-:
oline from Oklahoma.
Negotiations continued in an ef
fort to end the strike of 16,000 work
ers. The strike started September
4 and has threatened to dry up gas
oline stocks in the five Western
States, mainly dependent on Cali
fornia production.
Two developments, meanwhile,
complicated the situation:
A superior judge at Redwood City
yesterday issued a temporary order
prohibiting the strikers from inter
fering with movement of tank
trucks from* t>3 Standard Oil dis
tributing plant.
Boeing Strike Called Off;
Jurisdictional Clash Begins
By the Associated Press
SEATTLE, Sept. 11—The Aero
nautical Mechanics’ Union, inde
pendent, called off its 140-day-old
strike against the Boeing Airplane
Co. last night, but complications
hit return-to-work plans.
These were the complications:
1. The union appeared headed
into a full-scale jurisdictional bat
tle with the AFL Teamsters’ Union.
2. The company placed a ban
on rehiring of ”a small number of
3. Boeing said it will try to re
employ the rest of the strikers as
rapidly as possible, but indicated
that expansion of assembly opera
tions will have to await stepped-up
production the. shops. The union
voted to return to work Monday.
The company has been hiring all
workers who would pass through
the picket lines and has claimed
more than 8,000 production workers
were on the job. About 14,800 went
out on strike April 22.
The strike was called in support
of demands for an hourly wage
increase of 30 cents an hour. Wage
scales at the time ranged from $1
to (1.80. Retention of seniority
provisions also was ~a basic issue.
Guam Expects Typhoon
Within Next 24 Hours
By the Associated Ptess
GUAM, Sept. 11.—A typhoon with
winds up to 45 miles an hour in its
center threatened Guam today.
American Navy personnel here
were battened down, expecting high
winds some time within the next
24 hours.
The typhoon was placed at 10
degrees north latitude and 154 de
grees west longitude. It was mov
ing westward at 10 knots.
’ r.r. n/
,T / J
L_j »*—
More Contracts Won,
By Truck Drivers in
New York Deadlock
Employers' Front Cracks
As 285 Operators Accept
Union's Latest Terms
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK. Sept. 11.—Striking
AFL truck drivers today con
tinued their inroads against a
once-solid employer front, sign
ing additional operators to their
modified wage demands.
The agreements, reached Individ
ually with the trucking concerns,
further loosened the 11-day tieup
which had threatened the Metropol-;
itan Area’s supply channels.
jonn E. strong, me sensing local s |
president, said today that 285 oper
ators, employing 2,278 of the union’s j
9,400 struck members, had signed
contracts accepting the scaled-down
Agree to 17%-cent Increase.
More than 120 firms agreed to
terms yesterday, some within an;
hour after the strikers decided to
lower their wage increase demands
from 25 cents to 17% cents an hour.
The companies signed up under
the new contract are among some
1,812 trucking concerns with which
the union, Local 807 of the APL
International Brotherhood of Team
sters, had contracts before the
strike began.
Although union officials seemed
confident that many of the other
firms would soon agree to the terms,
a spokesman for the major truck
employer associations didn’t lgree
To Stand Pat On 15 Cents.
Joseph Adelizzi, chairman of the
Employers' Labor Committee, said
the truck owners will refuse to
budge beyond their offer of a 15
cent hourly pay increase.
This was turned down by members
of Local 807 on September 1, and
approximately 10.000 of them walked
off their jobs.
The strikers then demanded a
25-cent hourly wage boost, plus an
employer-financed welfare plan.
The now scaled-down demands,
adopted at a mass meeting of strik
ers yesterday, call for insurance,
accident and sick benefits, special
pay differentials, in addition to the
17%-cent hourly increase.
Previous pay rates ranged from
$53.90 for helpers to $71.40 for
trailer-truck drivers. The range of
pay rates is for a 40-hour week.
John E Strong, president of Local
807, the city’s largest, said the new
offer would enable the local “to get
as many men as possible back to
work as fast as possible.”
He predicted 2,000 of the drivers
and helpers will be back on their
jobs Monday.
Eric Johnston in Moscow,
Hopes to See Stalin
By the Associated Press
MOSCOW, Sept. 11.—Eric A.
Johnston, president of the Motion
Picture Association of America, ar
rived in Moscow by air today.
“I have come here to try to sell
some pictures,” he told reporters at
the airport.
He added that he hopes to see
! Prime Minister Stalin. He last saw
Mr. Stalin on a trip to Russia in
; 1944, when Mr. Johnston was presi
dent of the Chamber of Commerce
of the United States.
Small Tropical Storm
Reported in Indies
By th* Associated Press
SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico, Sept.
1.—Weather observers kept watch
on a small tropical storm in the
Atlantic today.
The storm was about 325 miles
east northeast of Antigua, British
West Indies, moving westward at
about 14 miles an hour. That would
place it about 1.900 miles east south
east of the Florida mainland.
The storm had shown little change
in course or intensity in several
Anne Morgan Returns
To U. S.; Is Reported III
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, Sept. 11—Miss Anne
Morgan, daughter of the late J. P.
Morgan and founder of the Amer
ican Friends of France, returned
from France yesterday "a very sick
woman.” a friend reported.
She went to Europe last spring.
| Sunny Week End Predicted,
With Temperature in 70s
A perfect week end, with "sun
shine all day long" and temperatures
in the 70s, was promised today by
the Weather Bureau.
The mercury today was expected'
to reach a high of about 78 degrees.;
and tomorrow will be slightly warm- i
er, according to the forecast. To
night, the bureau said, will be clear,
and cool, with a low of about .58 de
The high temperature yesterday
was 71 degrees, registered at 3 a.m.
The low today was 57 at 7 a.m.
House Probers Check
New Twists in Leaks
Of Atomic Secrets
Committee May Delay
Its Public Hearing
Slated for Wednesday
By Miriam Otfenberg
The House Committee on Un
American Activities will decide
within the next 24 hours whether
it has enough evidence to start
public hearings into atomic
espionage on schedule next Wed
nesday or postpone them again,
it was indicated today.
While the committee took a
week-end recess, its investigators
were instructed to work on what
one committee member described as
"new twists” in the committee’s in
vestigation of “leaks” of this Na
tion’s atomic secrets.
The results of the investigators’
work will determine whether the
committee will be ready to open its
doors to the public Wednesday.
The public hearings already have
been postponed once.
More Witnesses Called.
“We are checking testimony in
connection with this new spy case,”
Chairman Thomas told reporters.
"We still are aiming at Wednesday,
but there is a possibility of a week’s
“We’ve had to call in additional
witnesses to verify testimony. A
lot depends on whether we will have
to call in more of them.”
Another committee member said
testimony taken by the committee
in closed session this week has pro
duced “new twists” which require
thorough checking.
One of the closed session wit
nesses was Lt. Gen. Leslie R. Groves,
wartime head of the atomic bomb
project. The retired Army officer,
after testifying yesterday, hinted to
reporters that there may have been
some breaks in the wall of atomic
secrecy. He said it was obvious that
not every one of the 600,000 em
ployes on the atomic project had the
■utmost integrity.”
Scientist Questioned.
Mr. Thomas said another witness
yesterday, whose identity he refused
to disclose, was brought in to ex
amine certain documents the com
mittee has obtained.
“These documents," he said, “were
in connection with the atomic bomb,
(See PROBE, Page A-2.)
Police Rookie Slpin
In Alexandria; Several
Suspects Questioned
Patrolman, on Force Only
Three Weeks, Surprises
Prowler at Restaurant
A rookie Alexandria policeman
was shot and killed early today
by an unknown prowler encoun
tered In a routine check of an
Alexandria restaurant. Several
suspects are being held.
The dead man, Pvt. Robert B.
Harris. 22, had been a .member of
the police department for less than
three weeks.
A bullet from a high-powered
pistol pierced his groin and severed
a major artery. The shooting oc
curred at the rear of the Howard
Johnson Restaurant, North Wash
ington and Montgomery streets.
Mr. Harris was pronounced dead a
few minutes after being taken to
Alexandria Hospital.
Inspector Russell Hawes and Lt.
qgorgt RJIveriy said the
escaped in the darkness before a
fellow policeman could rush to Mr
Harris’ aid from across a side street.
Bloodhounds Put on Trail.
Every policeman in Alexandria
was called out in a search for the
killer. Bloodhounds from the Dis
trict Department, of Corrections at
Lorton were put on the trail. An
alert was broadcast to police in
neighboring counties and States.
Police said they had taken “a
number" of men into custody foi
question in connection with the
slaying. One man, 25, was arrested
after an eight-block chase on foot
in taxicabs and private automobiles
The police said, however, there was
nothing to link him with the crime
The police said the man, a colored
janitor, suddenly emerged from a
clump of bushes in the vicinity of
the restaurant, where 15 members
of the department were searching
for the slayer’s pistol or other clues.
Automobiles Commandeered.
They said their attention was fl;st
attracted when a passerby cried out
an alarm that a man was fleeing
from the scene. The police pursued
in patrol cars and commandeered
(See MURDER, Page A-3.)
Hundreds of Birds in Flight Hit
Empire State Building and Die
By th« Associated Press
NEW YORK, Sept. 11.—Hundreds
of songbirds winging South in dark
ness apparently crashed into the
Empire State Building early today
and plunged dead in the street
around the world's tallest structure.
After dawn, workers still were col
lecting the bodies of the brightly
plumaged birds. They included
thrushes and warblers. Many landed
on auto tops and smashed against
The incident was duplicated in
Philadelphia, where hundreds of
small birds fell dead to the streets
during the night after striking tall
buildings. Ornithologists agreed the
biyds. principally warblers, met
death while making their seasonal
migration. They theorized that
weather conditions confused the
birds and drove them down from
safe altitudes.
Lee S. Crandall, general curator
at the Bronx Zoo, also said the birds
mav have crashed into the Empire
State Building during a migratory
He said the autumn southward
migration of warblers, thrashers and
other songbirds has begun, and tiiat
it is possible a large flock hit the
The songbirds fly in close-packed,
large flocks at night, he said, and
are sometimes attracted by bright
lights high in the air.
Mr. Crandall said migratory flocks
1 have been known to crash into light
houses, after being attracted by a
' flashing beacon. He said the lighted
! windows in the upper stories of the
Empire State may have attracted
the birds.
The Empire State Building seemed
to be the center of the area in which
they dropped. Some came to rest,
disabled, on ledges and abutments
of the building. Their chirping was
heard above the early morning
traffic. Police said a large number
also fluttered down in adjacent
Thirty-fourth street.
Small crowds of curious spectators
gathered in the early morning hours,
some of them examining the birds
that fell to the sidewalks or in the,
Dewey to Follow
Truman to Three
Western Cities
Brownell Outlines
Speaking Schedule
For Tour This Month
By J. A. O'Leary
Star Staff Correspondent
NEW YORK, Sept. 11.—Gov.
Dewey’s Western itinerary, an
nounced today, shows he will
follow President Truman into
the strategic cities of Denver,
Los Angeles and San Francisco,
as well as into Iowa.
Herbert Brownell, jr„ manager
for the Dewey-Warren ticket, made
public the details of the Repub
lican presidential nominee's speak
ing tour.
It had been announced earlier
that Gov. Dewey would open his
campaign in Des Moines. Iowa, on
Monday, September 20, just two
days after the President speaks at
Dexter, Iowa, a short distance away.
The new itinerary puts Gov.
Dewey in Denver September 21 and
President Truman will have spoken
there the day before.
Then their paths separate for a
day or two, with the President go
Dewey Urges Ending
Of Conflicts Between
U. S. and States
'Ey a Staff Corraspondant of THo Star
NEW YORK, Sept. 11.—Gov.
Dewey today called the elim
ination of wasteful conflicts be
tween the Federal and State
governments one of the im
portant tasks the next admin
istration should undertake.
He listed possible changes in
overlapping Federal and State
taxes, and improved methods of
administering social security
programs as illustrations of
what he has in mind.
The Republican nominee
made the statement after con
ferring with Gov. Bradford of
Massachusetts on Federal-State
relationships. He explained
that Gov.* Bradford has worked
with him on these questions in
the Governor's Conference.
Gov. Dewey said the co-ordi
nating of Federal and State
programs might be one of the
tasks assigned to Gov. Warren
if the Dewey-Warren ticket
ing on to Salt Lake City on Septem
ber 21, while Gov. Dewey turns
south to Albuquerque, N. Mex., for
a speech on September 22.
Dewey Going to Arizona.
By September 22 the President
will be delivering a major address
in San Francisco. Gov. Dewey,
meanwhile, will move to Arftona to
speak at Phoenix, September 23.
On September 23 Mr. Truman will
speak in Los Angeles, and again the
two main contenders for the White
House meet, as Gov. Dewey's cam
paign train pulls into Los Angeles
September 24.
Gov. Dewey then moves up the
coast to San Francisco, where he
will speak on September 25, just
three days after the President.
After resting on Sunday, Septem
ber 26, Gov. Dewey will proceed
I north for speeches at Portland,
Oreg., at noon Monday, September
! 27, followed by talks at Takoma,
i Wash., in the afternoon and Seattle
jthat evening. Details of the return
j trips of both remain to be an
i nounced.
May Enter West Virginia.
Political observers here were bet
ting today that Gov. Dewey will in
clude West Virginia in one of his
later campaign trips even though
Senator Revercomb, Republican, of
that State did not see eye to eye
with the New Yorker on the need
for liberalizing the displaced persons
law at the special session of Con
j Walter S. Hallanan, West Vir
ginia's veteran member of the Re
publican National Committee, came
ihere yesterday to urge Gov. Dewey
I to speak in that border State, and
presumably to iron out any differ
ence that may still exist between
the Republican nominee and Sena
tor Revercomb, who is engaged in
a hot fight for re-election this year.
Mr. Hallanan told reporters he
received no promise of a • Dewey
visit, because the Governor’s move
ments after he returns from the
West have not been settled.
The West Virginian bore down
heavy on the importance of re
<Sei~~DEWEY, Page A-2.)
Paris Truck Drivers
Strike Against Papers
By th« Associated Press
PARIS, Sept. 11.—A strike of de
livery truck drivers today threat
ened to disrupt distribution of Paris
morning newspapers.
The Paris Publishers' Association
issued a statement saying the strike
was called against the companies
whjch handle deliveries. The state
ment said the drivers demand the
payment of the bonus of 2,500 francs
($6.33) ordered by the government
while the delivery companies con
tend a larger bonus already had
been paid the drivers in advance of
the government order.
Final Snapshot Winners
In Pictorial Magazine
The pictures awarded the
four final prizes of $25 each in
The Star’s Amateur Snapshot
Contest will be reproduced to
morrow in the Pictorial Maga
With successful entries in
contests conducted by other
American and Canadian news
papers, they will compete for
cash prizes totaling $10,000 in
the National Snapshot Award*
to be held next month in Ex
plorers’ Hall, National Geo
graphic Society. j

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