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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 20, 1948, Image 5

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Reds in Berlin Raid
Newsstands, Tear Up
Opposition Papers
By the Associated Press
BERLIN. Sept. 20. — Communist
patrols raided newsstands in the
Russian sector of Berlin yesterday,
ripping and scattering anti-Red
newspapers, in an apparent show
down over the free dissemination
of news.
The strong-arm tactics were de
nounced by American Military Gov
ernment officials, who are consider
ing a counter-embargo on Soviet
controlled publications. The Ameri
cans said the Communist raids were
a violation of four-power agree
ments for the free exchange of in
formation throughout Germany.
Dealers Threatened.
While Communist police stood
idly by, the Red squads moved
swiftly from one newsstand to
another in the Soviet sector, tearing
up the Western publications. They
made dealers promise to stop sell
ing the anti-Communist papers in
the futurp, under threat of "other
measures." Asked what these
measures would be, they pointed to
gasoline cans, apparently indicating
incendiary intentions.
Among the Western sector news
papers seized were the American
licensed Tagesspiegel and the
Christian Democratic Organ Der
Tag.
Meanwhile, the Communist press
attacked both the Western occupy
ing powers and Berlin’s anti-Red
leaders, accusing them of “Racist
provocations and war mongering.”
Reds Promise Leniency.
The Russians themselves, in an
apparent effort to win the Germans
to their side, promised greater leni
pncy in reparations demands. In an
other conciliatory gesture, Maj. Gen.
Alexander Kotikov, Russian com
mandant for Berlin, ordered a re
view of the 25-year sentences im
posed last week on five Berlin youths
who took part in an anti-Commu
nist demonstration September 9. He
said the Soviet military court which
tried them had failed to take into
account the "fact that these youths
were under the influence of Fascist
program speeches.”
However, the Russians made it
clear they will tolerate no opposition
:o Communist economic schemes in j
the Soviet zone. They claimed that j
measures which non - Communist j
Germans have opposed as virtual j
'liquidation of the middle class" are
democratic and progressive.
The Soviets are reported to be in
creasing the German police forces
n their zone with the addition of
former soldiers with Field Marshal
Friedrich von Paulus’ Stalingrad
irmv. They are now being repatri
ited after lengthy indoctrination in
Russia.
5 More Days Allowed
For Alexander Reply
Robert C. Alexander, assistant
chief of the State Department’s!
Visa Division, has been granted a t
five-day extension of time in which
to answer departmental charges of j
dereliction of duty and misconduct, j
The charges grew out of his testi
mony before a Senate Judiciary j
Subcommittee staff last July that,
subversive agents have entered the,
country under the cover of employ- j
ment with the United Nations and 1
ather international organizations, j
A three-man inquiry committee'
named by Secretary of State Mar- j
shall reported that his testimony
lacked factual support and described !
it as “irresponsible.”
Mr. Alexander, who contends that j
admission of aliens from Communist (
countries to work for the U. N.
raises a potential security danger,'
originally was given until today to:
make a written reply to the depart
mental charges filed against him
September 9.
His attorneys requested an ex
tension of time to prepare the reply,
largely because other cases had kept,
them occupied. Mr. Alexander said.
The State Department granted an
extension until Friday and indicated
further time would be allowed if
necessary.
Arthur J. Hilland is Mr. Alexan
der's chief counsel. Other attorneys ;
associated with him are James R.
Murphy and George C. Warner, jr.
Palestine
^Continued From First Page J
f Jerusalem to succeed Hilmv
Fasha.
It was announced that Jemal A1
F isseini would be Interior Minister;
of the new government.
The announcement was made1
s'ter a meeting at Abdullah's pal-5
ace of Husseini and Trans-Jordan's
interior minister, said Pasha Mufti.
Husseini had come to Amman I
seeking the King's support for such
a regime.
Israel Acts to Deal
With Terrorist Groups
TEL AVIV, Israel, Sept. 20 UP).— j
Israel adopted emergency regula-j
tions last night to deal with ter- j
rorist organizations and took first5
steps to smash the Stern gang, ac
cused of assassinating Count Folkej
Bernadotte.
Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe
Shertok informed Dr. Ralph J. |
Bunche, acting United Nations;
mediator for Palestine, his govern
ment has "adopted special emer-;
gency regulations giving it sweep
ing powers to take action against
terrorist organizations, their mem
bers and accomplices.”
Mr. Shertok told Dr. Bunche that
150 members of the Stern group
accused of assassinating Count
Bernadotte. U. N. mediator for Pal
estine, and French Lt. Col. Andre
Pierre Serot, U. N. observer, Friday
in Jerusalem—had been arrested in
the Holy City and 50 others in Tel
Aviv and elsewhere.
(Israeli officials in Jerusalem
said nearly 200 known Sternists
had been seized and packed off
to Jaffa for dispersal into the
Israeli Army. Despite airtight
censorship, several prize catches
were understood to be among
those arrested. They were said
to include the Stern gang's sec
ond in command, known widely
as "Abu Mimri.” A police source
said a young Jew believed to have
been the driver or the jeep used
in ambushing the Bernadotte
party also was held. At least two
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BERNADOTTE COFFIN ARRIVES IN ROME—Pictured as they viewed the coffin of Count Folke
Bernadotte in a United Nations plane at Rome yesterday are (left to right) Gen. Aage Lund
stroem, Bernadotte aide; Christian Gunther. Swedish Minister to Italy; Count Pio Macchi di
Cellere of the Italian Foreign Ministery. and Gen. Sergio La Latta of the Italian Air Force.
Count Bernadotte's white hat with a red cross on it lies atop the flower-strewn coffin.
—A. P. Wirephoto.
i Jewish newspapermen were ar
| rested. The Israeli officials said
| they believe the arrests were a
I staggering blow at the Stern
| group.
• Meanwhile, a plane carrying
the bodies of Count Bernadotte
and Col. Serot left Rome today
for Geneva. Officials at, Ciam
pino Airport said they did not
know whether the two caskets
will be separated at Geneva or
whether they will continue to
gether as far as Paris.
• A Stockholm dispatch said
Count Bernaaotte's funeral will
be held Sunday in historic Gus
tav Vasa Church.J
Mr. Shertok informed Dr. Bunche
I "vigorous investigations are pro
ceeding to probe deeper into the
mystery of the crime and discover
the real culprits" in the assassina
tion. He announced that all sus
pects will be paraded before eye
witnesses of the assassination.
“There seems to be little doubt,”
he said, “that the group calling it
self Hazit Hamoledeth—the Father
land front—which has acknowl
edged authorship of the crime, is
an army of the dissident organiza
tion. Fighters for the Freedom of
Israel (Stern - founded political
party!.”
The Israeli foreign minister said
new regulations to meet the situa
tion, approved unanimously by the
Israeli government at an extraor
dinary session Saturday night, will
be promulgated in a day or two.
"Further measures against ter
rorism, with a view to tracking
down the assassins, are under con
sideration." he added.
Mivrak, the newspaper founded by
Stern leaders, carried a front-page
pronouncement yesterday by the
Central Committee of the Fighters
for the Freedom of Israel • FFI • de
nouncing the "base government" of
Israel. It said Israel Premier David
Ben-Gurion's "delegates" had begun
an "illegal" roundup of Jerusalem
members of the party "12 hours after
the Bernadotte incident.” The news
paper demanded their release.
May An eel irgun.
Informed sources in Tel Aviv be
lieve the new antiterrorist measures
are broad enough to include Irgun
Zvai Leumi as well the the Stern
gang.
Strong doubt v as expressed here
whether the killers are still in the
Jerusalem area. Although Israel
requires passes for all persons leav
ing Jewish-controlled Jerusalem for
Israel territory, Sternists are known
to have moved easily in and out of
the Holy City without passes on
the day of the assassination.
It was learned that a little more
than an hour after the killings,
known Sternists were seeking in
terviews with eyewitnesses, ap
parently to learn who still living
could identify the assassins.
Consensus of eyewitnesses was that
four gunmen dressed in Israeli army
uniforms participated in the ambush,
two coming to each side of the
count's automobile.
U. N.
(Continued From First Page.)
that dealing with the situation
at Paris "will require a great
deal of wisdom.”
(“I hope the discussions there
tin Paris) will bring us toward
a more peaceful world." he said,
“but hope is not enough. Speak
ing for the United States dele
gation. wfe will do our best within
the interests of this country to
secure the agreements which the
interests of the world require.”)
Accompanying Gen. Marshall
were his wife; Charles B. Bohlen of
the State Department; Mrs. Bohlen;
Brig. Gen Marshall S. Carter, the
secretary s special assistant; Fred
erick Reinhardt, a State Depart
ment political officer; and Lt. Harry
Piser and Sergt. Clarence A. George,
military aides.
A member of the party said Gen.
Marshall kept in close touch with
the Berlin situation and other world
developments by the plane’s radio.
U. N. Constabulary Urged,
Meanwhile it was learned that as
soon as the LT. N. session convenes
Secretary General Trygve Lie will
demand urgent formation of a
[United Nations guard to forestall
; such acts as the assassination of
Count Folke Bernadotte, U. N.
; mediator, and to maintain order in
disturbed areas. He will ask for a
U. N. constabulary of from 1.000 to
i 5,000 men backed by “the full au
I thority of the United Nations.”
A well-informed source at U. N.
headquarters said Mr. Lie had al
i ready made contact with a number
i of national delegations and generai
I ly received a favorable reply.
The assembly faces a long list of
I harsh political problems growing out
I of the cold war between East and
; West.
The opening session will be held
I in the main auditorium of the Palais
I ne Chaiilot, the United Nations’
home for the next three months.
Meanwhile, the U. N. Security Coun
cil has scheduled a meeting for this
I afternoon to continue its hearings
[on the India-Hyderabad conflict.
The fighting phase of the conflict
[has ended with Hyderabad's sur
render.
The Indian delegation said it
would ask the Security Council to
|day to drop Hyderabad's request for
j intervention. The Nizam of Hydera
bad said earlier that he had acted
to withdraw his appeal to the U. N.
Tne most difficult problem before
the Assembly probably will be the
current situation in Berlin that the
United States, Britain and France
[had been attempting, so far in vain,
to settle through secret negotiations
with Russia.
Vishinsky Heads Reds.
The arrival of British Foreign
Secretary Ernest Bevin by train
from a Channel port gave the three
major Western powers full repre
sentation at the U. N. The latest
word from Moscow, however, in
dicated that Soviet Foreign Minister
i v. M. Molotov would stay there. The
Russian delegation is headed by
Vice Foreign Minister Andrei Y.
1 Vishinsky.
Envoys of the three Western na
1 tions have been negotiating in Mos
cow with Mr. Molotov for the past
| several weeks. The report of the
; last meeting in the ■ Kremlin
! reached Western capitals |ate yes
: terday.
The impasse in Berlin, where
; mast Europeans profess to see the
I seeds of warfare, is not on the
Assembly program now. Most re
liable information here, however, is
that the United States has decided
: to place the problem before the
Assembly unless there Is an unex
j pected, encouraging development
; within the next 48 hours.
Colonics Problem to Come up.
It is known that French officials
are attempting to dissuade the
i Americans froth taking this step in I
the hope that the four-power Mos
I cow talks will be continued here by j
'the foreign ministers themselves
during the U. N. session. The Brit- I
j ish also were reported hesitant.
Other problems which definitely
will come before the Assembly are:
the fate of Italy's former African
colonies,.the Palestine situation, the
| government-guerrilla war in Greece
land the control of atomic energy.
The 80-odd items on the Assembly
i agenda also include the future of
Korea, an Argentine proposal to
. eliminate the big power veto on new
j members, the election of three
members to the Security Council
and the adoption of the U. N. bud
get.
Of them all. the three-month-old
Berlin blockade is by far the inter
national issue of overshadowing im
portance in the opinion of most dip
lomats here.
It involves the fate of Germany
and the future of Europe and the
world. It involves control over the
resources and skills of an area
which, after the United States, is
probably the world's most indus
trialized.
Currency Issue Pending.
Once the question of the block
ade is evoked in the Assembly, the
j discussion inevitably will be ex
tended to the issue of Berlin's cur
rency, currency reforms in Western
Germany and the Western power
agreement to establish a West Ger
man government.
This probably would bring up the
question of the United States’
European Recovery Plan, which is
based in part on the revival of
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equipment for the rehabilitation of
the Western end of Europe.
"Beside this,” one French official
said, "every other issue in the as
sembly pales into insignificance.”
“Arab - Jewish warfare interests
only a segment of the population of
most countries, Jews and strategists.
The fate of Italy’s colonies interests
only strategists. Atomic energy is
something for the fantastic future—
not very real at the moment. As for
the Greek guerrillas, there always
has been a Balkan situation.
"But Germany is something which
touches everyone in Europe, America
and in the kremlin.
The troublesome conflict in Pales
tine was spotlighted by the assassi
nation of Count Bernadotte. His
death already has brought about
new demands for strong U. N. action
to end the Palestine fighting.
Sweden, angered by the slaying
of one of her King’s relatives, is
believed certain to combat any move
I to give Israel diplomatic status or
membership in the United Nations.
The United States’ position on the
Italian colonies and the Palestine
question is clouded by the current
presidential campaign, although
John Foster Dulles, the Republi
cans’ chief foreign policy spokes
man, is here to work with Gen.
Marshall.
Both President Truman and
Candidate Thomas E. Dewey real
ize that one false step on either
issue may cost thousands of votes:
Bernadette
(Continued From First Page.)_
be In Arab territory), should be
defined as Arab territory.
"The frontier should run from
Faluja north-northeast to Ramleh
and Lydtia (both of which places
would * be in Arab territory), the
frontier at Lydda then following
the line established in the General
Assembly resolution of 29 Novem
ber (the partition resolution).
"Galilee should be defined as Jew
ish territory.”
Count Bernadotte declared ‘‘in
ternational responsibility should be
expressed where desirable and
necessary in the form of interna
tional guarantees, as a means of
allaying existing fears, and particu
larly with regard to boundaries and
■ human rights.”
Boundaries Commission Urged.
Fixing of the Jewish-Arab fron
tiers, ‘‘in the absence of agreement
between Arabs and Jews,” should
be done by the United Nations, he
declared. The U. N. should create
a technical boundaries commission
to deal with the subject, he added.
Count Bernadotte's proposed con
ciliation commission would deal with
population exchanges "with a view
to eliminating troublesome minority
problems and on the basis of ade
quate compensation for property
owned.”
Reporting on the 360.000 Arab and
7,000 Jewish refugees, Count Berna
dotte declared "I must emphasize
again the desperate urgency of this
problem.”
"The choice is between saving the
lives of many thousands of people
now or permitting them to die,” he
said.
"Large numbers of these are in
fants, children, pregnant women and
nursing mothers. Their condition is
one of destitution and they are “vul
nerable groups’ in the medical and
j social sense.”
He pointed out the Arab refugees
were not citizens of Egypt, Iraq.
Lebanon, Syria or Trans-Jordan,
which are providing many of them
"the basic necessities of life.” They
look, he added, to the United Na
tions for assistance.
Relief Program Temporary.
The present disaster relief pro
gram is temporary hp said, and
"quite inadequate to meet any con
tinuing need.”
On return to their homes. Count
U. 5. Surprised at Plan
Of Reds to Withdraw
Troops From Korea
ly the Associated Press
MOSCOW. Sept. 20.—Russia
will pull all her troops out of
Northern Korea by the new year, j
an official statement said last;
night.
The announcement indicated the
withdrawal of Soviet troops from
the Far Eastern trouble spot ap
parently will be unconditional, al
though it called on the United
States to move American troops out
of Southern Korea.
,The news agency, Tass, announced
the decree of the Presidium (execu
tive) of the Supreme Soviet.
The Russian move caused sur
prise in American diplomatic circles,
where some informants predicted
the Soviets would not actually carry
out the plan unless the Americans
evacuate their area of Korea.
(The Tass announcement as
broadcast by the Moscow radio
and heard in London said the
withdrawal of Soviet troops from
Korea would begin “not later
than the second half of October”
and will be completed by next
January 1.)
Last year the Russians announced
a conditional plan for withdrawal
of their Korean armies—to be car
ried out only if the Americans also
took their troops out.
At that time, observefs at the
American Embassy interpreted the
move as "primarily a propaganda
maneuver.” Embassy sources said
last night they were surprised that
the latest withdrawal plan does not
hinge on American compliance.
They said this creates an entirely
new situation in Korea.
The announcement gave no indi
cation of the number of Soviet
troops in Northern Korea. Soviet
troops occupied Northern Korea
after the Japanese surrender in
World War II. American troops
were sent into Southern Korea.
Each section has a separate gov
ernment, with the southern govern
ment established under United
Nations aegis.
(In Seoul, Syngman Rhee.
President of South Korea s new
republic, said today he welcomes
the Soviet plan for withdrawal.
("There's no reason for them
to be there,” he added in an
interview. "The Soviet plan must
mean the Soviets feel the Com
munist regime in North Korea is
secure.
("I want to assure North Ko
reans that no army, either Ko
rean or foreign, from South
Korea will ever molest them. I
know the Americans will pull
out as soon as the situation is
ready.”)
Western sources in London said
that the Russian plan linked up
with the recent demand by the
Northern Korean government that
both Russian and American troops
get out. These informants said such
a step in the split country might
be a prelude to civil war.
Some circles interpreted the
Soviet -announcement as intending
to put pressure on *the Americans
to evacuate Southern Korea. The
United States has agreed with the
southern republic on a gradual
withdrawal of, American troops as
South Korea increases the strength
of its army. *
Bernadotte continued, the refugees
are entitled to "adequate safe
guards.”
He declared he believed responsi
bility for refugee relief should be
assumed by the United Nations,
along with the neighboring Arab
states and the Israeli government,
"For the international commu
nity to accept its share of responsi
bility for the refugees of Palestine
is one of the minimum conditions
for the success of its efforts to
bring peace to that land,” Count
Bernadotte said .
In reporting on the work of his
truce observers, Count Bernadotte
said, "It is with deep regret that I
must record” the deaths of four
members of the observers staff. The
killings of Coimt Bernadotte and
Col. Serot since has raised the
death toll to six.
“The truce is not an end in it
self,” Count Bernadotte reported.
“Its purpose is to prepare the way
for a peaceful settlement.”
He recommended that "the exist
ing indefinite truce should be su
perseded by a formal peace, or at
the minimum an armistice.”
Such an armistice, he added,
would “involve either complete
withdrawal and demobilization of
armed forces or their wise separa
tion by creation of broad demili
tarized zones under United Nations
supervision.”
A spokesman for the Israeli gov
ernment said of the report:
“We shall give it the most careful
and earnest study and no doubt the
government of Israeli will have an
opportunity of expressing its views
before the appropriate (U. N.) com
mittee.’’
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