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Mostly sunny and cooler with highest about 68 today. Tomorrow, fair and con tinued cool (Pull report on page A-2.) Temperature Yesterday. Noon_ 74 6 p.m. .. 72 11p.m. ... 62 2 p.m. ... 76 8 p.m. ._ 66 Midnight . 61 4 p.m. ... 76 10 p.m. .. 64 1a.m. ... 61 Home Delivery The Evening and Sunday Star is delivered by carrier to all subscribers at $1.20 per month when 4 Sundays; $1.30 per month when 5 Sundays. Night Final edition. $1.30 and $1.40 per month. Telephone ST. 5000. _An Associated Presi Newspaper 96th Year. No. 277. WASHINGTON, D. C., OCTOBER 3, 1948 —160 PAGES. ★ zrass. TEN CENTS, iheffi9 Sokolovsky Warns Berlin Crisis Can't Be Solved by U.N. Debate; Russia Shifts Its Atomic Stand Disbanding of New WestGermanState Price of Any Pact By th« Associated Pres* BERLIN, Oct. 2.—The Russian commander in Germany told the world tonight to expect no solu tion of the Berlin crisis from the United Nations. He said agree ment could be reached only by direct negotiation with the Soviets. Debate on the blockade starts Monday in Paris. The United States. Britain and France referred the explosive issue to the United Na tions Security Council, accusing Russia of endangering peace and security. Marshal Vassily Sokolovsky indi cated in a long statement the main price of any agreement is a dissolu tion of the Western German state which the Western powers are form ing. Western officials have said many times they will not abandon their plan. West German State Blamed. Marshal Sokolovsky gave a strong Indication the Western powers' re fusal to give up the West German state was the real reason for the collapse of Big Four talks after an apparent agreement had been reached. “Trying to get a solution of this question in other ways is ohly aim ing at continuing the abnormal sit uation," he said, and it "will not lead to the results the Western oc cupation powers hope for.” Coming just as the U. N. discus sion on Berlin is about to twgin. Marshal Sokolovsky's statement was taken here as a warning that the Soviet Union would not agree nor abide by any U. N. action. The Soviet commander in Ger many gave the first inkling of why the agreements reached by the Big Four in Moscow with Prime Min ister Stalin were sabotaged in sub sequent Berlin talks. Negotiation* were broken off early this week after the Russians demanded control of the Allied Airlift to Berlin. Preview of Soviet Line. Marshal Sokolovsky also gave what is probably a preview of the Russian line before the United Na tions in the Berlin dispute open ing in Paris Monday. He stressed that the rail, road and barge routes to Berlin were blocked in June because of what he called “the partitioning of Germany as conducted by the Western pow ers." The statement suggested strongly that the Soviet Union decided at some stage during the Moscow talks that an agreement on Berlin would come only if the United States. Britain and Prance abandoned their plans in Western Germany. When the West refused, the Moscow agree ments were deadlocked by new de mands in negotiations that followed here between the four military gov ernors. Marshal Sokolovsky asserted the four power air agreement for traf fic to and from Berlin gave the Wes tern powers the right "only to serve the requirements of occupation troops of the Western powers in Berlin.” Hint of Russian Crackdown. This appeared to be an implied hint of a Russian crackdown on the Berlin airlift, which has been supplying the 2.000.000 or more Ger mans in Western Berlin during the blockade. He contended “there was and ts not a blockade of Berlin.” He said Western Berliners could get food and coal from Russia if they regis tered in the Eastern part of Berlin and that they need not depend on the airlift, which he termed an ex pensive "propagandistic measure that burdens Germany with super fluous cost." The most interesting part of Marshal Sokolovsky's long question and answer statement was his reply to a query about what caused the blockade. “If the Western Powers did not have in mind the splitting of Ger many, neither the Berlin nor any other crisis in German affairs would have arisen,” he said. He repeated many times the Soviet charge that the six power 'See BLOCKADE, Page A-4.) " Few Buildings Meet New Fire Regulations Most Washington buildings checked against new fire safety rules sched uled to become effective January 1 have failed to meet code require ments, Building Inspector R. D. Kin ney said last night. Pew of the 1,000 structures in apected to date could pass the test without changes ranging from minor Items to major structural alterations, Mr. Kinney said. He recalled this had been the find ing on an earlier checkup, made be fore the Commissioners ordered modifications in the strict code first proposed. Mr. Kinney pointed out. however, that the present inspections are final, insofar as he can foresee, and building owners will be required to comply with the new rules. Eight Inspectors are at work on the • project, which entails inspection of approximately 16,000 structures, he added. Memoranda are being prepared in his office for owners, Mr. Kinney said, and they will be given 30 days from January 1, or from the date of receipt of the notice, whichever Is later, in which to have the re quired work done. Radio Programs, Page C-8 Complete Index, Page A-2 National Guard Pilot Describes 'Dogfight' With Flying Disc Tale of Night Encounter Over Fargo, N. Dak., Backed by 2 Airport Men, Another Flyer By the Associated Press FARGO. N. Dak.. Oct. 2.—A National Guard fighter pilot to day told a story of a 30-minute encounter with a mysterious fly ing object over this city in the darkness—and his account was supported by two control tower operators and another flyer. In a signed statement for Air Force intelligence, the pilot, Lt. George Gorman of the 178th Fighter Squadron. North Dakota Air Nation al Guard., claimed he chased a lighted, disc-like object last night which outran and outmaneuvered him. Watching him and the object with binoculars were Lloyd Jenson and H. E. Johnson, both of Fargo, con trol tower operators at Hector Air port here. Both said in statements today that no other aircraft had reported to the tower besides Lt. Gorman's F-51 fighter and a Cub. whose pilot, Dr. A. E. Cannon of Fargo, also reported watching Lt. Gorman and the object “dogfight"! around Fargo. Truman Back, Ready To Start 11-Day Tour of Midwest, Northeast 'Just Begun to Fight/ He Says; New Trip Will Take Him Into New York PEPC “ made to order” for Reds. Thurmond says. Page A-6. By Joseph A. Fox President Truman returned! from his Western campaign tour yesterday with the declaration, “I’ve just begun to fight,” and immediately started planning’ new trips into the Northeast and Midwest. The campaign into the Northeast will open Wednesday and will carry Mr. Truman into the territory of his rival, Gov. Dewey of New York. Starting next Sunday, a few hours after returning from that four-day Starting next Sunday, a few hours after returning from that four-day swing into New England, the Presi dent will head for the Midwest. He will go into Minnesota and Wisconsin for the first time and will speak in Akron and Indianapo lis for the first major talks in Ohio and Indiana. The tour also will take him back to Illinois for another farm belt bid at Springfield. Details Due Tomorrow. Details of the new Midwestern drive, which will end October 16, are expected to be ready for an nouncement tomorrow, but at any rate, the Minnesota and Wisconsin appearance will take him into St. Paul and Milwaukee, with whatever intermediate stops that may be de cided on. The three major speeches in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois will be bolstered with additional rear platform appearances in these States where he already has done some stumping. The Northeast drive will take Mr. Truman to Albany. The President also will cut across the upstate Nev; York district of Chairman Taber of the House Appropriations Commit tee. who frequently was assailed as a foe of the West by Mr. Truman in his tour. The President will matfe a major speech in Philadelphia Wednesday night; Jersey City, Thursday night, and Buffalo, Friday night. To Go Through Coal Fields. On the way back to Washington Saturday, he will move through the antharcite country of Pennsylvania. The President’s route lies almost exclusively across country which sent Republican Representatives to the Eightieth Congress, Mr. Trumah's No. 1 “whipping boy.” The President asserted his deter mination to continue the fight against the Republicans without pulling any punches, in a brief talk thanking the thousands who turned out under the direction of the Dis (See TRUMAN, PageA~-5.) Lt. Gorman said he first caught sight of the lighted object between his ship and the city’s lights at about 4.500 feet. The F-51 pilot said he attempted to intercept the ob ject, making head-on passes, but that it out-turned and out-ran him; for nearly a half hour until he lost it at 17,000 feet. Lt. Gorman said his speed at various times through-1 out the engagement ranged from 270 to 400 miles an hour. All four men identified the ob ject as a round light, perfectly formed, with no rays leaving its body and traveling at a speed con siderably faster than the F-51. •’I've never seen anything like it,” Lt. Gorman said. "If anyone else had reported such a Thing I would have thought he was crazy.” Maj. D. C. Jones, commanding of ficer of the North Dakota 178th Fighter Squadron, said he would send Lt. Gorman's statements to Air Force intelligence but refused to comment further. Air Force headquarters in Wash ington said it had no reports on the Fargo incident, and no explanation! for such an occurrence. I _i Truman's Home State i Hears Dewey Defend Eightieth Congress Republican Candidate's Aides Are Optimistic as Western Tour Ends WARREN DECRIES EFFORTS to Splinter Democratic Party. Page A-6. By J. A. O'Leary Star Staff Correspondent ABOARD THE DEWEY SPE CIAL, Oct. 2—Gov. Dewey re newed his defense of the Re publican Eightieth Congress yesterday as he carried his bid for election into Missouri, the home of President Truman. Fighting against heavy odds to remain in the White House. Mr. Truman is using the record of that Congress as his chief weapon in urging the people not to elect a Re publican administration. Apparently determined not to be gooded into a verbal slugging match with the President, Gov. Dewey nevertheless continued in Missouri, as he did throughout the West, to take indirect jabs at the present ad ministration, as he pleaded for na tional unity. His journeying through Missouri late yesterday was the last leg of a Western trip which took the Re publican nominee more than 8,800 miles to deliver 59 speeches in 14 States. Advisers Optimistic. As his 17-car train started back toward Albany late tonight, Gov. Dewey s political advisers on board were more optimistic than ever over his chances of ending 16 years of Democratic occupancy of the White House. High lights of the final day were: 1. A prediction by former Senator Townsend of Delaware, tha^ "if the sweep for Dewey continues” the Re publicans will keep control of the Senate by a margin of 5 or 6 seats. Mr. Townsend heads the committee working for the election of Republican Senators. 2. Former Gov. Alf M. Landon of Kansas, who carried the Republican standard in a hopeless fight against Ftanklin D. Roosevelt in 1936, gave reporters on the train three rea sons why he believes the Dewev Warren ticket is on the way to victory this November. Mr. London believes, first, that the people will give Gov. Dewey a decisive victory to avoid the un certainty and confusion that could flow from a close division of elec toral votes among the Republican, Democrat and State's Rights tickets. Sees Congress as GOP. The Kansan’s second point was that this trend toward Gov. Dewey and Gov. Warren would help keep both branches of Congress Repub < See DEWEYj Page A^4~) Wallace Draws Slimmer Crowd On Second Los Angeles Visit By Newbold Noyes, Jr. Star Staff Correspondent LOS ANGELES, Oct. 2.—Henry Wallace’s California followers provided measure tonight of the decline of his political fortunes. Fewer than 2Q,000 of them turned out to hear him- at a "mammoth” rally at Gilmore Stadium, where he drew 32,000 five months ago according to party estimates. The relatively small attendance was a shock to local supporters of the progressive presidential candi date. For days, in their buildup to the affair, they had scoffed at President Truman, who nine days ago attracted an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 to the same stadium. Tonight, Las Angels Wallacelte workers carefully pointed out the Democrats charged no admission for the President's performance, whereas the Progressive audience paid from 60 cents to $2.40 to hear their man. They recalled with a collective shudder, however, that one of their number, at a dinner last night for Mr. Wallace, referred to Mr. Tru man's gathering as a "small private affair,” and boasted of the contrast that tonight's show would provide. There were no possible alibis. The weather was perfect. The program was delayed 30 minutes in starting, but at 9 p.m. (P.S.T.), an hour before Mr. Wallace’s scheduled ap pearance, police estimated the at tendance ranged as low as 15,000. California has been regarded as second only to New York State as a bulwark of Progressive voting strength. The progressive campaign manager, C. B. Baldwin, has even predicted it will be carried by Mr. Wallace on November 2. Indig nantly, Wallace advisers have denied the State has been affected by slackening of enthusiasm for their Bet WALLACE, Page A-9.) Reds Want Ban Of Bombs, Control Over Energy By th« Associated Press PARIS, Oct. 2.—Russia changed signals unexpectedly today and demanded the United Nations ban the atomic bomb and set up atomic energy controls at the same time. The Soviet Union still insisted, i however, upon veto oyer the control machinery. Western power delegates saw no compromise in the surprise move nor any break in the deadlock over atomic energy control. They said they were going straight ahead with plans to demand a vote of confi dence in their stand from the U. N. General Assembly. Warren R. Austin, United States delegate, told newsmen the Soviet proposal was a typically "Oriental maneuver.” He said the American delegation saw no assurance Russia is ready to accept the central plan of the U. N. Atomic Energy Com mission, "the only effective system which would insure the harnessing of atomic energy in the service of mankind.” Vishinsky Offers Resolution. Andrei Vishinsky. Soviet deputy foreign minister, put the Soviet reso lution before the 58-nation Political Committee V>f the Assembly at the end of his second blast in two days at the Western powers. Once more Mr. Vishinsky hit at President Truman. Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, and David E. Lilienthal, chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission. This came when he charged former Premier Paul Ramadier of Prance with attempting to justify a course "expounded by his Ameri can inspirers, such as Messrs. Dewey, Truman, Lilienthal and others.” Mr. Vishinskv's resolution called on the Assembly to recommend to the Security Council and to the Atomic Energy Commission that they continue their work toward finding an atomic solution. It called for the Council and the commission to draw up one treaty banning atomic weapons and an other on the establishment of ef fective international control over atomic energy. Change Since Day Before. These treaties, the resolution specified, should be drawn up with a view that both are to be signed and put into force simultaneously. The abruptness of the Soviet shift was dramatized by the fact that only yesterday Mr. Vishinsky voiced flat opposition to interna tional control of production of atomic raw materials, as proposed by the United States and supported by all save the Soviet bloc. The Soviet resolution, however, would put the Assembly on record as saying that the work of the Se curity Council and the Atomic Energy Control Commission so far had not yielded positive results. This is directly counter to the proposal by Gen. A. G. L. McNaugh ton of Canada for the Assembly to approve majority reports of the commission. The atomic issue now stands this way: 1. Russia calls for simultaneous conventions on banning the atomic bomb and controlling atomic energy. But Russia has not changed her stand for putting controls into ef fect all along the line at the same time. She has not agreed to waive the veto on atomic violation and has not accepted the majority report approved by the atomic commission. 2. The Western powers want the baa on the bomb written into the big treaty which sets up controls. They want no veto on atomic viola tions. They want controls to be put into effect by stages—the control organ would first make perfect its control on raw materials and on each separate part of atomic pro duction—until it reaches the end of (See U. N., Page A-4.J New York Times Says It Supports Dewey By th« Asiociated Pratt NEW YORK, Oct. 2.—The New York Times tonight announced its support of Gov. Dewey for Presi dent. The Times opposed Gov. Dewey in the 1944 presidential campaign against Franklin D. Roosevelt. In an editorial the.newspaper said its support of Gov. Dewey this year was due principally to a ‘‘marked change” in the New York governor’s “understanding and authority” in the field of international relations. The newspaper also sharply criti cized many aspects of the Truman administration, charging it is “slip shod," lacking in “cohesion” and “shows signs of heavy wear and tear.” Calling these faults “the tradi tional results of one party’s staying overlong in power,” the Times added: "We do not need to take at face value all the bright promises of the Republican Party in order to arrive at the conclusion that in these cir cumstances a change of administra tions would be beneficial.” During the 1944 campaign, the editorial said. Gov. Dewey "failed, in our judgment, to demonstrate suc cessfully that the ‘international’ faction of the Republican Party had come into control.” Now, the Times said, he “has both a firmer grasp of foreign policy and a more active part in making it” and with Senator Vandenberg of Michigan is "one of the two chief living Republican sponsors” of the present bipartisan foreign policy. jhis is the; 1 I white house: J The Tourist Season California, BesetWitb Crippling Strikes, Leans to Republicans G. 0. P. Leaders Confident of Carrying State; Warren Plans Speaking Tour There By Gould Lincoln Star Staff Correspondent SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 2.— California, suffering under the impgct of two strikes which have tied up its shipping and which are causing serious gasoline shortages, is resentful and lean ing strongly toward the Dewey Warren presidential ticket. President Truman, on his recent trip through the State, side-stepped saying anything about the strikes, although he was appealed to do so, he is counting on strong labor sup port to pull him through. Which ever side he might take, could have resulted in loss of votes. Republican leaders are confident they can carry the state. They are leaning heavily fijn the popularity of Gov. Warren to help swing the State to the Dewey-Warren column. At the close of the campaign, Gov. Warren is returning to the State for an intensive eight-day, tour four days in Southern and four days in Northern California. Leaders of the Wallace Progres sive Party give Dewey the edge over Mr. Truman in their prognostica 5 Major District Cases Due for Action Before High Court This Month Litigation Issue, Use Of U. S. Employes on Juries Are Included By Robert K. Walsh Five major District cases, one testing the right of Washington citizens and firms to sue and be sued in Federal courts through out the Nation, stand well up in the October schedule for oral arguments at the Supreme Court term opening tomorrow. Another, set for the week of Oc tober 18, involves legality of Federal employes serving on District juries. Still another, scheduled for the week of October 11. is the so-called "transom peeping" dispute. It con cerns Washington policemen who climbed through a wihdow of a pri vate dwelling, made a general search without a warrant, and peered over a transom to gaze at evidence in a tenant's locked room. The man con victed in District court on the basis of such evidence declares it was illegal search and seizure. Others Held in Reserve. The others are being held in re serve for arguments during those two weeks if scheduled hearings on other litigation are completed or continued to later dates. The court tomorrow mav issue orders agreeing or refusing to re view a dozen additional cases that have come up from the Court of Appeals here on petition for cer tiorari. It already has agreed to review the District Court conviction of Carl A. Marzani, former State De partment employe, who last year was sentenced from one to three years on charges of having made false statements to Government of ficials concerning Communist Party affiliation. No date has been set for oral argument. The appeal of Gerhard Eisler, a key Communist agent, from a contempt-of-Congress conviction is among pending petitions for re view. Eisler was sentenced to a year in jail and a $1,000 fine by Judge Alexander HoltzofT in District Court early this year when convicted of contempt of Congress in refusing to testify before the House Committee on Un-American Activities in Febru ary, 1947. Eisler Case Poses Problem. The Eisler case differs from most contempt-of-Congress problems that have crowded lower courts within the last two years and probably will continue to do so, as a result of the House committee's investigations. Eisler, who lost a two-to-one de cision in the Court of Appeals here last June, not only claims Judge Holtzoff should have disqualified himself for bias, but also that Eisler, as an Austrian refugee, could not be (See SUPREME COURT,'Page A-5.) tions. Democratic leaders, on the contrary, among them William M. Malone, who ran the Roosevelt campaigns in 1940 and 1944 and is directing the Truman campaign in Northern California, insist that the President greatly strengthened him self on his visit to the Stsfte. Mr. Malone contends that Mr. Dewey has no real personal strength in California—that the California voters would have pre ferred a Warren-Dewey ticket, and not having it, will turn to Presi dent Truman. Two factors at least are helping the Republicans. One is the split in the labor vote caused by the Wal lace presidential candidacy. The second Is the messy rowe among the Democrats before, during and since the Philadelphia convention. James Roosevelt, son of the late President and former State chair man, was the head and forefront of the movement in this State to ditch the President and get another Dem ocratic presidential nominee. He is no longer State chairman, but he was elected Democratic National committeeman. The wounds have (See LINCOLN, Page A-5.7 Next Sunday Is Set For Red Feather Plea In District Churches Many Meetings Slated During Week to Start Drive for $4,566,790 An appeal for support of the 1949 Community Chest campaign will be made to congregations of Washington churches next Sun day, named as Red Feather Sun day by Protestant and Catholic religious leaders here. Jewish congregations will observe Red Feather Sabbath on Saturday as their part in stimulating inter est in the campaign for 104 health, welfare and other services. Bishop Angus Dun, president of the Washington Federation of Churches, has written to 650 Prot estant ministers, asking them to use the occasion "for arousing the Christian conscience to a full reali zation of the importance of the Red Feather to so many people who, except for our social agencies, might be 'passed by on the other side.’” Catholics Get Message. Archbishop Patrick A. O’Boyle sent the following message to all Catholics of the Washington dio cese : “On this first Red Feather Sun day since my coming to Washing ton, may I respectfully appeal to our Catholic people to give gen erously and whole-heartedly to the current campaign of the Commun ity Chest Federation. Many of our Catholic charitable organiza <See CHEST, Page A-9.) Stricter Housing Code To Improve Sanitation Is Urged by Ruhland Slum Clearings Called Top Legislative Need; 5-Point Plan Offered A more stringent code to rid the National Capital of insani tary conditions in its sub-par housing last night was called the city’s No. 1 legislative need by Health Officer George C. Ruh land. Commenting in the Health De partment’s annual report on the year ending last June 30. Dr. Ruh land outlined the folowing program | to make the Capital a healthier place: j 1. Prohibition of insanitary con iditions arising from poorly main tained housing and the nuisances | arising from dilapidated frame sheds, high board fences, insanitary ! water closets and yard hydrants, i 2. Two building maintenance boards now In existence, the Board 'of Review for Unsafe Buildings and the Board for Condemnation of Insanitary Buildings, should be combined and their jurisdictions extended. 3. Laws providing for sewerage and drainage of private property should be combined. 4. Legislation is needed for the destruction of starlings and to com pel cutting of weeds on private property. 5. Redrafting of legislation re garding hospitals, together with greater District authority over other types of medical institutions, such as nursing and convalescent homes. Codifying Laws Urged. Work of codifying health laws on environmental sanitation already has begun in the Bureau of Public Health Engineering, it was learned. Dr. Ruhland cited a shortage of Health Department personnel, but said the new law to license multiple dwellings would bring sufficient fees for additional inspectors later on j “to reduce the number of nuisance complaints being received.” The health officer stressed the :need for a new psychiatric building at Gallinger Hospital. However, the Health Department's recently released budget for 1950 did not in I elude any construction items due to the District's generally strained financial condition and the Com imissioners’ directive against new I construction. Death Rate Drops. Dr. Ruhland noted that deaths from all causes dropped from 10.4 per 1.000 population in 1946 to 10 per 1,000 population in 1947. For the first time in Washington's recorded history, there were no deaths last year from diphtheria or typhoid fever, he said. Maj'or causes; of death changed but little. In deaths per 100,000 population, heart disease increased from 275.6 to 276.7 persons. Cancer decreased from 147.9 to 146.5. Neph ritis dropped from 86.2 to 80 and pneumonia deaths were 34.8 com pared with 34.6 the year before. Births increased from 25,929 in I 1946 to 28,739 last year, with a sig I nificant drop in infant mortality. Indians Hold One-Game Lead, Red Sox Kill Yankee Chances Cleveland’s hard-pressed Indians clung to their slim lead in the American League pennant race yes terday as baseball, by virtue of its hair-raising finale, held the spot light over the Infant football sea son. » The Indians defeated the Detroit Tigers, 8 to 0, while the Boston Red Sox defeated the New York Yan kees, 5 to 1. Thus, the Red Sox kept within one game of the Indians and, at the same time, eliminated the Yanks, last year's world’s champions, from a chance ai the pennant, If the Indians, who play Detroit again today in Cleveland, win once more, they will clinch the American League pennant. If they lose and the Red Sox, who play the Yan kees in Boston, win, the race will end in a tie. In that event, Cleve land and Boston will meet to morrow in Boston in a play-off game. But if Cleveland and Boston both lose, the Indians still would win the pennant and Boston and New York would end the season in a tie for second place. The ultimate pennant winner will meet the Boston Braves, National League champions, in the World Series,which begins Wednesday in Boston. In football, Northwestern Univer sity stepped into the national pic ture by knocking off Purdue, 21 to 0. Notre Dame, romped over Pitt, 40 to 0. One upset was Harvard's 33 to 24 victory over Columbia. Brown defeated Princeton, 23 to 20, and Yale dowhed Connecticut, 7 to 0. Indiana took the Big Nine lead by lead by defeating Iowa, 7 to 0. Army defeated Lafayette, 54 to 7, but Navy bowed to Cornell, 13 to 7. Two area teams won and two lost in gridiron games. Maryland de feated Delaware, 21 to 0, at Wilm ington. and Catholic U. defeated the Patuxent Navy team here, J4 to 0. George Washington lost, 26 to 6, to Virginia Military Institute at Griffith Stadium and West Vir ginia State downed Howard U., 21 to 6, in a game here. (Details in sports section.) D. C. Population Put at 898,000, All-Time Record • War Peak Exceeded; Census Figures Show 35% Gain Since '40 Washington has hit a new high in population with 898,000 inhabitants, exceeding the war time peak of 894,000 in 1944. The latest figure is the Census Bureau’s provisional estimate of population as of July 1. The 898.000 figure represents a gain of 235,000 over the 1940 figure of 663,091. This is an increase of 35.5 per cent. The Census Bureau's announce ment disclosed that California has joined New York and Pennsylvania m the 10,000.000 population class. It put the Nation’s total population at 146.114.000, a gain of 11 per cent over the 131.669,275 figure of 1940. The District's previous popula tion peak of 1944 was due to the in flux of war workers. But by July 1, 1945, the tide of population had turned and an exodus from the Capital had begun. The Census Bureau's estimate of that date was down to 880,000. Larger Drop In 1946. There was an even larger drop in the next year. The population fig ure for July 1, 1946 was down to 843.000. Then the trend was revealed again and the population for July 1, 1947, was put at 861.000. The figure an nounced yesterday shows that Washington has more than regained its postwar losses. The District's civilian population is put at 867.000, indicating an armed services population of 31.000. A similar computation with the 1940 figures puts the armed service population then at 5.073. The civi lian population gain since 1940 was 209.000, or 31.7—a smaller percent age than for total population. The figures released yesterday show that Washington’s population exceeds the populations of 13 States and is crow'ding a 14th, Maine, with 900.000. The States which have smaller populations than the Dis trict are New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode Island, the two Dakotas, Delaware, Montana, Idaho, Wyo ming. New Mexico, Arizona, Utah jand Nevada. Virginia, Maryland Increase. Maryland’s population i& estimated at 2.148.000, an increase of 326.000 or 17.9 per cent over 1940. Virginia is estimated to have 3.029.000 per sons, up 351,000. or 131 per cent, from 1940. California's population, put at 10.031.000 as of July 1. represented a gain of 3,124.000 since the 1940 census. Pennsylvania passed the 10.000, 000 mark in 1946 and New York cleared it in 1919. For more than a century these two States hava been the most populous in the Na tion. Aside from California, the biggest gainers are Michigan, up 939 000 since 1940; New York. 907.000; Oh.o, 891,000. and Texas, 815.000. The bureau said 41 States and the •, District increased population in the 1940-48 period, while only seven lost people. In just two. North Dakota and Montana, did the loss exceed 1 five per cent. Tire other five are South Dakota. Nebraska. Kentucky, Arkansas and Mississippi. Following is the list of States, : aside from Maryland and Virginia. I with July 1, 1948, estimates, official 1940 figures in parentheses and the percentage change: List of States. New England: Maine. 900.000 (847.226). 6.2; New Hampshire, 548. 000 1491,524). 11.6: Vermont, 374.000 (359,231). 4.1; Massachusetts, 4.718. 000 (4,316,721), 9.3; Rhode Island, 748.000 (713.346). 4.8: Connecticut, 2.011.000 (1.709.242), 17.7. Middle Atlantic; New York. 14. 386.000 (13.479.142), 6.7; New Jersey, 4.729.000 (4,160,165). 13.7: Pennsyl vania. 10.689,000 (9.900.180), 8.0. South Atlantic: Delaware. 297.000 (266,505), 11.5; West Virginia. 1.915, ‘ 000 (1.901.974), 0.7; North Carolina, 13.715,000 (3.571,623). 4.0: South Caro Ilina. 1,991.000 tl.899.804), 4.8: Geor gia, 3.128.000 (3.123.723). 0.1: Flor ida, 2.356.000 (1.897.414), 24.2. | East South Central: Kentucky, !2,819,000 (2.845.627). -0.9; Tennessee, 3.149.000 (2,915,841), 8.0; Alabama. 2.848.000 (2.832,961), 0.5; Mississippi, 2.121.000 (2.183.796). -2.9. West South Central: Arkansas. 1. 925.000 (1,949,387), -1.3; Louisiana, 2.576.000 (2.363,880), 9.0; Oklahoma, 2.362.000 (2,336,434), 1.1; Texas. 7, 230.000 (6,414.824), 12.7. London Paper Reports Attlee Will Resign By th« Associated Press LONDON, Oct. 2—The News of the World said tonight it had a report that ailing Prime Minister Attlee "may resign within the next two or three weeks." The political correspondent of the independent London newspaper at tributed the report to "circles in close touch with Downing Street" where Mr. Attlee has his official residence. YOU AND YOUR HOSPITALS The community hospitals of the Nation have grown into one of the largest, most im portant and most expensive of modern industries. To give the care and treatment to an increasingly hospital-minded population has p r e sented staggering problems. Why are hospitals' operat ing costs, and hospitgl bills, so high? Why are hospitals facing a crisis many leaders feel will determine their con tinued existence? These are some of the ques tions that will be discussed in a series of articles by George Beveridge on "You and Your Hospitals," beginning in to morrow’s edition of The Star.