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European Aid Program
;To Need Less Money, fHoffman Tells Press | Economic C6 - operation Admin - lstrator Paul Hoffman said today he believes that less money will be needed for European recovery than the *5,055,000,000 appropriated this year. He told a press conference he be lieves European recovery has reached the point yhere less aid will be necessary. He added, how ever, that a. determination awaits - receipt of the programs being draft ed by European countries in Paris. He said he had no idea what the eventual amount would 1be. Mr. Hoffman, who returned yes terday from Paris, reported he had advanced one step toward getting an agreement on halting dismant ling of German industrial plants £ which would contribute to European I recovery. * Eventual Retention Possible, g He said he had obtained consid ; eration of an agreement that the f dismantling of such plants would be of such a character that their even tual retention might still be possible. The administrator who flew to Paris Monday with Secretary of State Marshall, conferred with For eign Minister Robert Schuman of France and Ernest Bevin, Great Britain’s Foreign Secretary. Mr. Hoffman explained the Ger man plants in question are those on the reparations list which have been declared surplus to those need ed to maintain German economy at the level agreed on by the United States and Great Britain last fall. It is hoped to retain such, plants in Germany as will most effectively promote the European recovery program. A committee has been named to make a survey of such plants. It is headed by George M. Humphrey, president of the M. A. Hanna Co. of Cleveland. Solution Predicted. Mr. Hoffman said he had felt cer tain that the interests of Great Britain, France and the United States are so similar “that a com mon approach to this common prob lem” should lead to a solution. “Both Mr. Bevin and Mr. Schu man agreed to this,” he said. "Both promised the Humphrey Committee fullest co-operation; both have un der consideration a proposal that, pending determination by the Hum phrey Committee of the list of plants recommended for retention, any dismantling will be of such a character that it will not prevent the eventual retention in Germany of such plants. “It will be clear that some plants should not be retained in Germany and also thoroughly clear that some should not be moved. Then there will be doubt regarding some, and these will be subject to expert ex aminations.” Cuckoo Clock Question. He said one big question is about a cuckoo clock plant which was to be dismantled. “I'm in favor of let ting them go on making cuckoo clocks,” he said. Roger D. Lapham, former Mayor of San Francisco, who is director of the $338,000,000 aid-to-China pro gram, was present at the news con ference. He has just returned from China. Mr. Lapham refused to answer questions, but he did volunteer that he had lost 10 pounds. Chest (Continued Ifrom First Page.) submit a bill for medical care or for an operation to any patient who occupies a hospital bed which Is supported by the Community Chest Federation. The doctor's services are willingly donated to the unfor tunate.” Challenges Minor’s Statement. Dr. Gannon challenged as “un believable” the statement in a re cent letter to the District Medical Society from its president. Dr. John Minor, that only 300 of 1,800 doctors In the Washington area had con tributed to the Chest last year. He said the "error” probably lay in the i fact that residential contributions are not credited to the doctors. Edward J. Keys, executive director of the Community Chest Federa tion, informed the workers that, because of the failure of the cam paign last year, 14 Washington area hospitals will get less money than they were promised for the rest of 1948 for treating patients who can’t meet their hospital bills. To prevent a repetition of this situation next year, he said, the current campaign must reach its goal. Named “Red Feather Citizen” of the day was Dr. Henry Macatee, former president of the Hospital Service Agency, which certifies pa tients to hospitals for aid under the hospital fund. He was presented with the Red Feather “Oscar” by 6-year-old Billy Hardy, a former patient at Chil dren’s Hospital. His nurse there, Miss Phyllis Sliney, made the pre sentation speech for him. The youngster was restored to health through hospital fund aid after scalding himself with hot soup many months ago. Miss Sliney said the boy required 16 operations, more than 2,000 cubic centimeters of blood plasma and 6.000 of whole blood. Reports of individual units at the meeting were as follows: Business I, 313 gifts. $60,708.70; Business II, 203 gifts, $25,865: Gov ernment, 61,894 gifts, $492,875; Res idential, 1,826 gifts, $79,629; Alex andria, 790 gifts, $12,028, and Mont gomery County, 406 gifts, $5,303. Radio Station WARL in Arling ^fcon will conduct its second informal 'question and answer program about the Community Chest from 3:35 to 4 p.m. Sunday. A panel of experts of the Fairfax County Chest will answer questions about the campaign submitted by listeners. On the board will be Ed ward Uhler, Fairfax County chair man for the Red Feather drive; Malcolm Smith, president of the county Chest, and George Stewart, Fairfax Chest director. Bud Ward publicity chairman, will serve as master of ceremonies. Clay (Continued From First Page.) of Western Europe to develop itself Increases, with the consequent pres sure in the satellite countries to re turn to the way of political freedom, as that comes about, Soviet expan sion will not only be halted, It will recede. “The various pressures that are Inherent in the wishes of the people Of Europe will become so great they cannot be resisted.” Cen. Clay flew to Frankfurt today RED-FEATHER CITIZEN—Dr. Henry Macatee, former presi-, dent of the Hospital 8ervice Agency, gets an "Oscar” for being the I^ed-Feather Citizen of the day from Billy Hardy, 6, while Miss Phyllis Sliney, Children’s Hospital nurse, looks on. The presentation was made at the Community Chest Federation's campaign report meeting yesterday. —Star Staff Photo. Polls Indicate Dewey May Take Ohio by Majority of 200,000 By Gould Lincoln Star Staff Correspondent COLUMBUS, Ohio, Oct. 15.— Gov. Dewey of New York, Re publican standard bearer, will probably increase his 12,000 vic tory margin over the late Presi dent Roosevelt in 1944 to a 200, 000-margin over President Tru man in Ohio November 2. It may go even higher. While Democratic campaigners make no such admission and still publicly proclaim that Mr. Truman will carry the State, privately they have little hope. Frank J. Lausche, former Governor and former Mayor of Cleveland, is their white hope to defeat Gov. Thomas J. Herbert, who is running for his second term. Polls taken by the Celeveland Plain Dealer and by the Columbus Dispatch indicate that the Dewey Warren ticket is on its way to vic tory. They show Gov. Dewey and Gov. Warren with unexpected strength in the larger cities, al though in some of the smaller cities and towns Gov. ^Dewey is not doing as well as in 1944. Ohio's big farm vote, which has usually been strongly Republican, is expected to do its part to swell the count for the Republican presidential candi date. If the city polls are correct, the Taft-Hartley Act is not proving the handicap to Republican candidates which the Democrats had hoped. The Democrats argue that with the Dewey vote slackening off in the smaller towns and with Gov. Dewey running this year without the aid of John W. Bricker on the ticket with him, there may be a real surprise in store on election day. They contend, too, that Presi dent Truman helped himself con siderably on his recent trip through the State. ■ - The Henry Wallace presidential candidacy apparently has only a minor part in the picture here. In the early days of the Wallace candi dacy there was a vigorous drive for the third party leader. But this has lessened In degree until finally it is the consensus of political observers that the Wallace vote will be not more than 40,000 to 50,000, and it may be much less. There are counties in which Mr. Wallace will receive scarcely a vote. His ^greatest strength will lie in Cleveland and other industrial cen ters, wheret radical and racial groups are found. What votes Mr. Wallace gets, however, will be taken from the old Roosevelt strength and in consequence will be a loss to Presi dent Truman. Seek Absentee Ballots. The same story told by observers in other States is repeated here; that the average person of voting age has come to the conclusion that a change in National administration is overdue and that Mr. Truman, no matter how honest and courageous he may be, does not measure up to the Chief Executive's Job.# A straw in the wind: The students at the University of Ohio, many of them war veterans, now are getting absentee ballots to vote for Gov. Dewey. They are exercised over the recent Vinson-Stalin fiasco of the Truman administration. They do not wish to take a chance, they say, with a man in the White House who seems to be taking chances with the country’s international relations for the sake of votes on November 2. Ohio this year probably has its largest registration in its history. This is due in part to increased population. Labor leaders claim that it is due, also to their intensive drive to get the workers to register. Democrats see hope for victory in this large registration. Little Interest in Campaign. They are saying that if the vote should run as high as 3,500,000, they will surely win. In 1944, the total vote cast for President was a little over 3,100,000. The complaint, how ever, is that there is no boiling in terest in the campaign, despite the large registration. Ohio has been fundamentally a to confer with John Poster Dulles, foreign affairs adviser to Gov. Thomas E. Dewey and member of the American delegation to the United Nations. Gen. Clay and Ambassador Robert Murphy, his political adviser, also will meet with German officials. Reds Order Purge. Meanwhile, the leadership of the German Communists in the Russian zone publicly stated that widespread "anti-Soviet elements” had been dis covered in party ranks and de manded a ruthless purge, even if it reached into upper circles. Special articles on this were car ried in Neues Deutschland, official organ of the Soviet-sponsored, Com munist-controlled Socialist Unity Party. The articles were signed by Communist Wilhelm Pieck, party chairman, and other leaders. They chastised those who repeat anti-Soviet propaganda, members who grumble about poor economic conditions and "parasites” in the public administrations. Air Violations Charged. The official Soviet news agency, SNB, quoted the Russian air safety center as charging American and British planes with repeated viola tions of flying regulations in the Berlin area during the first two weeks of October. The Russian air center, said SNB, accused Western Allied pilots of "mischievous behavior.” ' The British and American mil Republican state. It swung to President Roosevelt in the Demo cratic sweep of 1932 and stayed with him until 1944. It also helped to elect Woodrow Wilson in his 1916 race against Charles Evans Hughes —on the "he kept us out of war” issue. Herbert Hoover, however, carried Ohio in 1928 by the enor mous margin of 800,000 votes, and Harding and Coolidge both won here by huge majorities in 1920 and 1924. It does not seem in the cards for Mr. Truman to win its electoral votes. Mr. Lausche has been an in-and outer. He won the governorship in 1944 by about 162,000 votes. 'Hist, of course, was another Roosevelt year. Two years later he lost to Gov. Herbert by 40,000—much to the surprise of his supporters. They attribute his defeat to the angry mood of the people growing out of wartime restrictions and their in ability to buy meat. Mr. Lausche has had an extraor dinary career. The son of immi grant parents, he was born in Cleve land in 1895, one of a family of 10 children. He became a star sand lot baseball player and served in World War I, rising to second lieu tenant. Later he played profes sional baseball and studied law. He stood second in his class when he graduated, and eventually became an outstanding trial lawyer, munici pal court Judge and twice was elected Mayor of Cleveland. The Democratic gubernatorial candidate always has been a liberal and something of a lone wolf in politics. He is a dynamic and per suasive speaker on the stump. He was opposed last spring for the Democratic gubernatorial nomina tion by Ray Miller, an organization backed candidate. Mr. Miller also is a former Mayor of Cleveland. Mr. Lausche won from Mr. Miller with a lead of 190,000, although the latter had strong CIO support. Until recently, Mr. Lausche has carried on an independent cam paign. But last Monday he spoke out for President Truman, joining the President in Akron and travel ing across the State with him. Ticket Splitting Made Easy. Whatever Mr. Lausche’s blessing may have done for President Tru man, it may not have been a help to Mr. Lausche. The gubernatorial candidate had many Republican supporters—who may shy away from him because of his advocacy of the Democratic President In Ohio the Presidential electors are on one ballot and the candidates for Governor and for Members of Congress are on another. This makes it easy for the voters to split a ticket. Jt seemed right down Mr. Lausche's alley, and still is an ad vantage to him, since some Repub licans and independents who vote for Gov. Dewey can easily turn to the Democrat in the gubernatorial election. Gov. Herbert, a Cleveland lawyer and a war veteran, has given the State a good administration. An aviator in World War I, he was shot down and seriously wounded. He is under attack by the Demo crats on the ground that costs of State government have increased greatly during his term of office. For Mr. Herbert, it may be said, how ever, that many improvements have been made. Also he gained favor by the firm way in which he han-1 died a tough situation in Dayton' growing out of a strike of the elec trical workers. He sent in the Na tional Guard to enforce law and order. Republicans are intent on defeat ing Mr. Lausche. Should he win he might prove a formidable candidate for the Senate against Senator Taft in 1950. Or should Senator Taft be appointed to the Supreme Court—as many believe he may be when a va cancy occurs—Mr. Lausche as Gov ernor would be in position to ap point a Democrat in Taft's place, which would lessen Republican membership in the upper house. itary governments yesterday ordered German authorities to do every thing possible to tighten the coun ter-blockade of Soviet - occupied Germany. Eleven new regulations to plug holes in the blockade included au thority to seize all goods arriving at the borders without papers, to prosecute the shippers, and return goods arriving with papers. Border police were told to allow travelers across the zonal borders to carry only hand luggage and their personal effects. 2,000,000 Contributions Made in De Gaulle Drive ty th* Associated Press PARIS, Oct. 15.—The stamp cam paign launched a month ago in be half of Gen. Charles de Gaulle has helped both him and the French post office, a De Gaulle aide reports. Andre Malraux announced that Gen. de Gaulle, leader of the right ist Rally of the French People, raised 162,350,000 francs ($540,833). Frenchmen had been asked to buy 50-franc stamps and mail them to Gen. de Gaulle’s home at Colombey les-Deux-Eglises. Mr. Malraux said more than 2,000,000 contributions were received by mail. The French post office grossed more than 20,000,000 francs on the deal, as each envelope had to be regularly stamped with a 10-franc stamp. 3 Chicago Speeches Set lor Wallace Today •r th» Aoeciatad frtti CHICAGO, Oct. 15.—Henry A. Wallace has a busy week end of speechmaking. Hie Third Party presidential can didate Is to make three campaign talks In Chicago tonight. Then he is to fly to Dalton, Ga„ for an ad dress tomorrow. He has talks sched uled in Detroit and Flint, Mich., on jBunday. Senator Taylor of Idaho, Third Party vice presidential candidate, was to join Mr. Wallace In his speeches here tonight. In an address over the ABC net work in Milwaukee last night, Mr. Wallace said President Truman Is a “prisoner” of big business and militarists who “clamped down” and stopped the President’s plans to send Chief Justice Vinson to Moscow. As Mr. Wallace spoke, President Truman was about 3 miles away ad dressing a crowd at the Milwaukee baseball park. Later Mr. Wallace addressed an overflow crowd of 1, 800 in two side halls of the Mil waukee Auditorium. YMCA to Hear Talk on Need Of Army for Civilian Help A. H. Onthank, director of civilian personnel m the Office of the Sec retary of the Army, will explain the Army’s expansion program and its need for qualified civilian personnel at a YMCA membership campaign dinner at 8 o’clock tonight, in the Central Y. . Tonight’s* meeting will be the third in four campaign meetings. Secretary Curtis Covington of the Campaign Committee reports that so far 823 new members have been registered. Many of the new members, said Mr. Covington, are youngsters whose membership fees are paid by spon sors or business concerns to give them athletic, social and educa tional training. A number of these new members attended an open house at the cen tral branch, 1738 G street N.W. last night. They quizzed two Redskin football players, Tommy Mont and Johnny Adams. The players showed a movie of last year’s game high lights and answered questions aboht football, including how the boys could get on the Redskin'reserve team. Milwaukee Race Orgies May Implicate Up to 50 Ry th# Associated Pros* MILWAUKEE, Oct. 15.—A high police official said yesterday that a group involved in extended sexual orgies among teen-aged white girls and Negro men has been uncovered. The police executive, who de clined use of his name at this point in the investigation, said that as many as 50 persons might be im plicated. Some warrants already have been issued, he added. Vice squad probers, he said, have learned from witnesses: Some of the girls already ques tioned admitted smoking marijuana and drinking wine and beer at par ties with the men, all of whom are Negroes. Admissions of sexual per versions also were obtained. I*artiqJjMmtg *aid the acts took place In homes; parked automobiles and trucks. One 17-year-old girl had rela tions with 12 boys and men over a week end. The ages of the girls questioned range from 15 to 17, the men, 17 to 38. Three Air Coach Service Applications Denied #y Hx Aaiocmtod Praia The Civil Aeronautics Board yes terday denied the applications of three large irregular air carriers to operate scheduled low-cost "air coach service.” , The applicants were Standard Air Lines, Aero Van Express Corp., do ing business as Viking Airlines, and Airline Transport Carriers, Inc. They asked for a special tempo rary exemption from the irregular classification to permit scheduled operation of the coach-type air serv ice, proposed as a low-rale passen ger transportation without such "luxury” items as meals aloft or the handling of baggage. CAB told the three companies they should proceed through applications for operating certificates, such as are required for scheduled air car riers. The announcement said: "The board’s denial (of temporary authority) should not be construed as a denial of the need for this coach-type service • * \” ECA Shipments Abroad, Imports Declined in August >y tti* Associated Press The Census Bureau reported yes terday that exports to countries re ceiving aid from the Economic Co operation Administration declined in August, as did imports from those countries. United States shipments. Includ ing commercial as well as aid grants and loan shipments, dropped to $333,300,000 in August from $363, 200.000 in July. The monthly aver age was $303,000,000 during the first half of this year. The decline in exports to Euro pean countries alone was from $324.-' 600.000 in July to $307,500,000 in August. A more severe drop came in exports to Turkey, off from $12, 000,000 in July to $6,900,000 in August, and to China, Off from $26, 600,000 to $19,000,000. Individual countries showing the greatest drops were Britain, from $65,600,000 to $53,700,000, and Greece, from $24,400,000 to $16,800,000. Germany’s receipts from the United States, largest for any ECA country, rose $200,000 In August to a total of $81,000,000. French re ceipts also rose $200,000 to a total of $37,700,000. Coney Island Fire Leaves 32 Families Homeless By tho Associated Asss NEW YORK, Oct. 15.—Flames swept through 18 two-family frame houses in Coney Island near the amusement section early today, leaving 32 families homeless. » Five occupants of one house, in cluding a three-year-old child and a four-yearrold, were burned and taken to a hospital. Two firemen and a policeman were injured. Childs Colds ^ 3SSSS.VMrJIJI Maryland to Otter Bonds For Chesapeake Bridge •y tha Auociatad Prau BALTIMORE, Oct. 15.—Maryland will offer next Monday or Tuesday 537,500,000 worth of bonds to finance construction of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. A Nation-wide banking group of 84 firms is handling the issue. The offering will include $18,500, 000 in serial bonds to mature be tween 1952 and 1967, and $19,000,000 in term bonds due in 1972. The $1,000 denomination bonds will be dated October 1. Gov. Lane has said he expects construction of the span to start in about two months. Javanese Reds Using Scorched-Etirth Tactics By the Associated Press . BATAVIA, Java, Oct. 15. — A Dutch army communique said to day that Communist rebels in the Indonesian Republic have begun using scorched-earth tactics. Hie communique reported numer ous fires in Wonosari and Blora. Blora la north of the oil town of Tjepoe and, according to the report, is encircled by Republican govern ment forces. The communique also reported fighting near Wonoglri and Bulukerto. The communique expressed a be lief the top Red leaders are hiding in the mountains southeast of Ma dioen. A report from Madloen said the Communist forces of about 4,500 are withdrawing south of Ponorogo, I *75 Zip-lined Coverts! *75 Zip-lined Suedes! Rochester-tailored and ours alone at just k _ _ t ‘50 The same styles you've seen for $75.00. The same pure wool coverts, the same pure wool suedes! Plus costly custom-look Rochester needlework that’s ours and ours alone! Wonderful sweeping, enveloping zipcoats that might have been much more than $75.00 except that we make them ourselves and sell direct — piling up savings we pass on to you! Choose our detachable-hood coat with grandiose collar, deep, deep cuffs — pure wool suede; black, brown, grey, wine; 8-20. Or our swagger zipcoat with full flare back — pure wool covert; blue, brown, green, teal, wine;. 8-22. Both coats in regulars, shorts. • Ziplined with pure wool • Snug-knit wristlets • Fully rayon lined \ Charge Account, 90-day Charge Account, or Budget Service at no extra cost 133? F STREET N.W. 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