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Sunny, windy this afternoon; highest about 74. Partly cloudy with low about 60 tonight. Tomorrow, mild, showers in forenoon. (Full report on Page A-2.) Midnight . 46 6 a.m-41 11 a.m..61 2 a.m_44 8 a.m-43 Noon_64 4 a.m_42 10 a.m_58 1 p.m_66 * ■ Guide for Readers rage.; Amusements _.B-16 Church News..A-7-9 Comics .B-15 Editorial .A-4 Editorial Articles A-5 Lost and Found--A-3 Page. Obituary.A-l# Radio.B-15 Real Estate B-l-14 Society, Clubs_A-6 Sports .A-ll Where to Go_B-9 An Associated Press Newspaper P6th Year. No. 290. Phone ST. 5000 ** WASHINGTON, D. C.t SATURDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1948—THIRTY-SIX PAGES. City Rome tielirary. Daily • and Sunday. $1.20 a Month.' When 6 S' /^ittixTT’C! Sundays. $1.30. Ml$ht Final Sdition, $1.30 and $1.40 per Month ® V/HiJN i. O Vishinsky Talk Seen Bolstering Allies on Berlin Blast at President of Council Held Cause of Shift by Neutrals' By the Associated Press PARIS, Oct. 16. — Western Power officials said today that Soviet Delegate Andrei Y. Vi shinsky had alienated the Se curity Council “neutrals” by challenging their motives in attempting to mediate the Ber lin problem. A French delegate said Mr. Vi shinsky had pulled a "boner.” Other Western spokesmen said he had vpi'shed the "neutrals” over to their si. by charging a trap wsa being bs ed for Russia. tr. Vishinsky refused to answer qu .itions on the Berlin blockade and th( four-power Moscow negotiations, repeating the Russian argument that the Security Council had no business discussing Berlin. Allies Promise Answers. The questions were put to all four parties to the Berlin dispute by Ar gentine Foreign Minister Juan’Bra muglia, acting chairman of the Se curity .Council during the Berlin debate. The United States, Britain and France promised their answers at next Tuesday’s Council session. Meanwhile, the “neutrals” decided to meet again today to try to work out a possible solution to the impasse. The six “neutrals,” led by Mr. Bramuglia, have been trying to find a way out of the impasse since Oc tober 6, but after yesterday's meet ing the four powers were as far apart as ever. Mr. Vishinsky broke his silence at the meeting only to accuse the would-be mediators of trying to trap Russia into taking part in the de bate. “It is naive to believe the Soviet Union will swallow this bait,” he said. In a strongly worded reply, Mr. Bramuglia said “I therefore most firmly and categorically deny that in any of our minds was there _ any question of double dealing.” Papanek Ouster Beaten. At a morning meeting today, a plenary session of the Assembly turned down Soviet bloc efforts to fire Dr. Jan Papanek, anti-Com munist former Czechoslovak dele gate to the U. N. from two commit tees. A Polish motion to get rid of Dr. Papanek was voted down, with only the six Slav states recorded in favor of it. Dr. Papanek's term on the com mittee on contributions expires at the end of next year. His term on the advisory’ committee on admin istrative and budgetary questions lasts until the eVid of 1950. Poland and White Russia argued that Dr. Papanek no longer has the confidence of his government, but the United States and Britain held that members of the committees were elected as individuals and nom ination by their countries was “only incidental.” The Palestine question, which was taken up by the Assembly’s Political Committee yesterday, was edged out of the picture by a report from the subcommittee on atomic energy w hich will be taken up by the com mittee Monday. Palestine Issue Waits. The subcommittee is expected to recommend that the five permanent members of the Security Council and Canada continue to seek an agreement in principle on regulation of atomic energy. The Palestine question will not be taken up again until after the atomic energy report has been voted on. In other committee meetings yes terday, Russia suffered a series of defeats. The Legal Committee overcame strong Soviet objections and voted to protect “political groups” from mass slaughter in the proposed treaty on genocide. In the Social Committee, Britain accused Russia of maintaining a ‘monstrous slave system.” charging "millions of slave laborers are kept like domestic animals, only for w’hat they produce.” The Trusteeship Committee re jected a Soviet resolution which tended to force colonial powers to supply political information about dependent, territories. Paraguay to Resume lies With Spain, U. N. intormed By th* Associated Press PARIS, Oct. 16.—The United Na tions secretariat announced today that Paraguay has advised she will ■normalize" diplomatic relations with Spain. In a note dated September 29 the Paraguayan government said it was sending a minister to Madrid despite the U, N. Assembly’s recommenda tion of 1946 that heads of missions should be withdrawn from the Spanish capital. Argentina, Bolivia, Peru and the Dominican Republic have in the past decided against the U. N. reso lution by appointing ambassadors or ministers in Madrid. The Paraguayan note said the move was “upholding the principle of nonintervention.” Football Scores On WMAL The Star will continue its Saturday Nation-wide roundup of football scores over radio station WMAL tonight from 8 to 8:15 o’clock. The broadcast, by Bill Coyle, also will feature high lights of important games. Please do not phone The Star for scores. Despite in creased trunk lines The Star cannot furnish the results by telephone. Military Clique Vetoed Truman On Vinson Plan, Pole Charges U. N. Disarmaments Subcommittee Told That, President Is Prisoner of Armed Services By the Associated Press PARIS, Oct. 16. —Poland charged today that President Truman “is a prisoner of a mili tary clique, and that when he wanted to send Sn envoy to Moscow he was stopped.” The assertion was made by Julius Katz-Suchy of Poland in the Dis armaments Subcommittee of the United Nations Assembly. Mr.. Katz-Suchy apparently was leferring to the recent plan of Mr. Truman to send Chief Justice Vin son to Moscow to explain the Amer ican position on atomic energy to Prime Minister Stalin. Secretary of State Marshall opposed the plan and Mr. Vinson did not make the trip. Gen. Marshall is former Chief of Staff of the United States Army. (The Polish envoy also may have had in mind a statement made by President Truman last June 12 that Mr. Stalin is "a prisoner of the Politburo.” (Mr. Truman made the state ment in an informal talk to the townspeople ‘ of Eugene, Ore?., while on a West Coast speaking tour.) Mr. Katz-Suchy, speaking at times angrily, declared he was an swering statements made yesterday by Frederick Osborn, American dele gate. The chairman, Col. W. R. Hodg son of Australia, twice admonished him to keep to the subject of dis armament. Jacob Malik of the Soviet Union then raised a point of order declar ing Mr. Katz-Suchy should be per mitted to take up the same ques tions raised by Mr. Osborn. Mr. Osborn, smiling slightly, agreed. "We think the discussion is proper,” he said. Mr. Katz-Suchy said Mr. Osborn raised the question of the Iron Cur tain. "What has the question of the Iron Curtain got to do with disarmaments,” the Pole continued. Col. Hodgson said he thought Mr. | Osborn's talk yesterday at times moved away from the subject mat ter under discussion, disarmament. He added he thought it would be more appropriate for Mr. .Malik to answer the United States rather than the representative of Poland. Mr. Katz-Suchy said he would prefer to talk only of the disarma ment resolution before the commit tee. But since the United States (See DISARMAMENTS, Page A-3.1 U, S. Protests Reds' Plan lor AA Practice In Airlift Corridor Drill With Towed Targets Dangerous Violation of Rules, Americans Say By the Associated Press BERLIN, Oct. 16.—The Ameri cans today protested against the Russians’ announcemeni that they will practice antiaircraft fire at towejl targets in the Allied airlift corridor. American au thorities charged that it would be a dangerous violation of air safety rules. The Russians posted a warning at the four-power Berlin Air Safety Center that they will conduct the drill today at their Haselberg airport in the Bueckeburg corridor. “We have protested this firing as irresponsible t and hazardous to safety," said Lt. Col. E. Stead man of the American military gov ernment armed forces division. The Russians also announced they will conduct “local flying” drills at various other points in the Allied corridors. Blockade Tightened. Meanwhile, the Russians tight ened their blockade to prevent any food from slipping into Berlin’s Western sectors from the surround ing Soviet occupation zone. The German Communist govern ment of the state of Brandenburg, which surrounds Berlin, announced that effective immediately, passen gers on all trains, inland waterways and motor vehicles would be searched for foodstuffs or other ra tioned articles. These articles would be immediately confiscated, espe cially if the passengers carrying them were bound for Berlin. On the political front, the anti communist city government an nounced lt was going ahead with plans for municipal elections on December 5 whether or not the Rus sians gave their approval. The three Western commandants speedily gave their consent. Airlifts Combined. The United States and Britain yesterday combined their airlift task forces under American comjnand. United States A'lr Force head quarters at Wiesbaden announced the signing of an agreement to put all airlift operations under the com mand of Maj. Gen. William A. Tunner. who flew war supplies over (See BERLIN, Page A-3.) Mrs. Bennett Meyers Sells Home on Long Island By the Associated Press RIVERHEAD, N. Y., Oct. 16.—'The Long Island country home of former Maj. Gen. Bennett E. Meyers has been sold to Mrs. Sade E. L. Osborne of New York. A deed filed here yesterday re vealed that Meyers’ wife, Mrs. Ila Rae Meyers, transferred the prop erty for about $53,500. The new owner, Mrs. Osborne, recently sold an estate at Camden, Me. Meyers is serving a 20-month to 5-year term in Washington. He was convicted of persuading a business associate to commit perjury before a Senate committee. Meyers also faces income tax fraud charges after he serves his present j prison term. i Grady Dissatisfied With Co-operation Of Greece and U. S. Hard Fighting Is Ahead If Rebels Are to Be Smashed, He Says By fht Associated Pres* ATHENS, Oct. 16.—American Ambassador Henry F. Grady conceded today that the mili tary picture in Greece is not satisfactory and declared hard fighting is ahead if the Commu nist-led rebels are to be smashed. He said flatly that more effective co-operation is needed between the Greek government and the American Economic-Military Mission. He re fused to predict how long fighting might go on. Mr. Grady's statement, handed to correspondents shortly before the expected arrival of Secretary of State George C. Marshall, was prompted by written questions from the correspondents, designed to un cover the reason for Greece's failure to clear out the guerrillas. More Co-operation Urged. The Ambassador said the open border through which Albanian. Yugoslav and Bulgarian air flowed to the rebels was the main factor behind the Communist ability to continue organized military opera tions. But on Greek-American co operation, he said: “There has been co-operation but more effective co-operation is needed.” He said there had been too much optimism in the United States and Gen. Marshall on Way To Athens to Check Greek Aid Progress By the Associated Press PARIS, Oct. 16.—Secretary of State Marshall left this morn ing for Athens. An American spokesman said he will check on American aid to Greece. Greece has asked further American aid to maintain an army large enough to beat rebel forces operating along the Yugoslav and Albanian border. *The funds must be asked at the next Congress session in January. This will be Gen. Marshall’s first visit to Greece as Secre tary of State. Greece over past successes and pos sible future successes. “It is expected that organized! resistance will be put down in the! near future, but not without hard! fighting," he declared. “I have no doubt qf the complete elimination of organized guerrilla warfare. It must be eliminated. Just how soon is difflucult to say. “I do not believe the situation is actually worse. It is not completely satisfactory, but ups and downs are to be expected in any campaign. We have abundantly equipped and supplied Greek armed forces. The (See GREECE, Page A-3.) Portuguese Minister Quits LISBON, Portugal, Oct. 16 OP).— The government announced today that Dr. Daniel Barbosa has re signed as Minister of Economics ana has been replaced by Dr. Castro Fernandes, former Undersecretary of Corporations. ' Briton Lied on Slavery Charge, Russian Tells U. N. Social Unit ly th« Associated Press PARIS, Oct. 16.—Russia charged today that Christopher Mayhew, British delegate, is a liar and a mouthpieec for Fascism in the United Nations. “He has started a cold war in the U. N. Social Committee,’ said Alexei Pavlov, Russian delegate. Pounding the table and flailing his arms, the black-bearded Russian professor replied bitterly to Mr. Mayhew’s speech to the committee yesterday. The British delegate had accused Russia of denying freedom to millions of workers in a “mon strous slave system without parallel ' in world history.” The East-West war of words has accompanied debate on a proposed U. N. declaration of human rights. Russia has demanded that the declaration protect an individual against "criminal attempts on his person,” such as lynching, and has proposed abolition* of the death penalty in time of peace. Mr. Pavlov two days ago accused Britain of ill-treating its colonial peoples and said millions had died in. conditions of semislavery. Mr. Mayhew replied yesterday in one-of the most blistering attacks on Rus sia ever heard in a United Nations Committee. Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Amer ican delegate and a drafter of the declaration, tried yesterday to stem the tide of the “cold war." She moved for adjournment of debate after the Mayhew address, but with drew the mption this morning “when other delegates felt the Russian had a right to reply.” “He’s had his reply now,” she told a reporter. “Now maybe we can get along with our work.” Mr. Pavlov accused Mr. Mayhew of fleeing the committee today to escape the wrath of the Russian reply. The British delegate left last night for London. Jews, Egyptians Ordered by U. N. To Cease Fire Israelis Reported To Have Refused To Stop Fighting By th« AllociaUd Pr««» PARIS, Oct. 16.—The United Nations announced today that Jews and Egyptians have been ordered to cease fire in the Negeb-Gaza area of Southern Palestine. The cease-fire was set for 2 p.m., GMT (9 a.m., EST> today. A Haifa dispatch said U. N. officials there reported Israel had refused to comply. Brig. Gen. William E. Riley of the United States Marines and chief of staff of the U. N. truce observers in Palestine, reported fighting in the area was a “grave breach of the truce.'* He ordered forces of both sides to return to positions held by them at noon yesterday. A U. N. investigation team left Haifa today for Tel Aviv to investi gate the Jewish side of the front. It returned late yesterday from Gaza, where it investigated the sit uation on the Egyptian side of the front. Fighting Begins in Jerusalem. In Jerusalem U. N. observers re ported intensive hostilities began early today.-' They said there was heavy machine gun fire and mortar shelling on both sides. Machine gun bullets believed fired by Arabs from the Old City walls missed by inches the senior U. N. observer in Jerusalem. Col. George Millet, and an American consul, the U. N. here reported. Three bul lets entered the white United Na tions car in which they were riding. The consul was not named, but it w as presumed here he was John J. Macdonald, American consul gen eral in Jerusalem and chairman of the U. N. Truce Commission. South Palestine Battle Threatens Armistice TEL AVIV, Israel, Oct? 16 (A*).— Jews and Egyptians hammered each other in Southern Palestine today with land and ah- attacks that threatened to shatter the Holy Land truce. Casualties from yesterday's fight ing are reported to be heavy. The clashes came as the United Nations met in Paris to consider means of bringing lasting peace to Palestine. Whether the new violence—grav est in three months—constitutes a mere truce fracture or resumption of full-scale war, may be decided by the outcome of military action in the next 12 hours. Fighting broke out in the Negeb, where Jews and Egyptians have been facing each other since the truce began. Convoy Sent Through. The trouble apparently started when the Jews chose the opening of Uhe U. N. Palestine debate to try to rush a daylight convoy to 23 Jewish settlements in the southern desert, 80 miles south of Tel Aviv. The Egyptians who overlook the road along the entire route pounced on the convoy and turned it back. Two trucks in the 16-vehicle group were burned and dkveral persons killed. | Anonymous U. N. observers said the Jews apparently sent a "sitting duck" convoy under Egyptian guns as a provocative gesture to pave the way for last night’s Israeli air force strike-back. The terse Israeli announcement of Jewish bombing of Egyptian bases in the south said ‘‘following today s Egyptian land and air at tacks in the Negr$b, the* Israeli air force took action against Egyptian bases. Ground clashes also flared up in various parts of the area.” Following yesterday’s emergency blackout broadcast, all Israel and Jewish Jerusalem went to bed in the- dark. No Arab air raids were reported up to midnight. Ben Gurion in Parley. Premier David Ben Gurion, who has his principal office in army headquarters as defense minister, went to government house in a Tel Aviv suburb last night for a con ference of his top advisers. Other government leaders can celed social engagements which had been made for the eve of the Jewish Sabbath. Jerusalem dispatches said many shops and offices were closed as Jewish authorities began another comb-out of manpower for what was described as “essential defense works.” The convoy attack occurred in an area which was bitterly contested throughout the Palestine conflict. The trucks moved down a road that the Egyptians repeatedly have re fused to acknowledge as £ supply route during the truce. The Jews also reported that six Eygptian Spitfires strafed and bombed several inter-settlement • See PALESTINE. Page A-3.~ Kaiser Reported Planning Low-Priced Car in 1950 8x the AesocioUd Press x CHICAGO, Oct. 16. — Kaiser Frazer hopes to invade the low-price automobile field in the spring of 1950, Advertising Age said today. The price for the new car was not given. The magazine reported that Edgar F. Kaiser, general manager of Kaiser-Frazer and son of Henry F. Kaiser, said in an interview that depending on steel supplies the com pany intends to "build at least 2,000 of them a day, or 500,000 a year. Advertising Age said the proposed car may bear the Kaiser name and would be a third line car in the company’s schedule. British Envoy in Moscow MOSCOW, Oct. 16 (JP).—Sir Mau rice Peterson, British Ambassador, returned to his post Qi Moscow to day from a leave in England. bMTSEEMS A ■ MUCH SAFER PLACE, GOVERNOR,THAN i i,N Dewey Reminds Hull He Avoided Disunity In 1944 Campaign Fortner Official Charges New Yorker Falsely Claims Bipartisan Policy Credit j Former Secretary of State j Cordell Hull and Gov. Dewey wert in dispute today over origin of the Nation’s bipartisan for eign policy. ' . Mr. Hull issued a statement from Bethesda Naval Hospital last night, accusing the Republican presidential nominee of making “incorrect” and "extravagant” claims for credit for unity achievements “which were the fruit of joint and patriotic effort by members of both political parties.” He called for an end to "competi tive claims” by spokesmen for either party, lest they inject into the con duct of foreign affairs the very paitisanship they claimed to bury. Gov. Dewey departed from his prepared campaign address in St. Paul last night to'reply to Mr. Hull. Recalls 1944 Incident. The GOP candidate said he passed up an opportunity during his 1944 campaign to “expose to the Amer ican people some of the many blunders and tragedies” of the Roosevelt administration in order to preserve unity in the midst of wai —obviously a reference to his deci sion not to reveal the fact that the United States had broken the Jap anese code before Pearl Harbor. Instead, Gov. Dewey said, he sent a representative to Air. Hull to co operate in laying the groundwork for a new world peace organization. He added that “Secretary Hull ac cepted this co-operation handsomely and we succeeded in lifting the whole problem of the United Na tions out of the partisanship of a political campaign.” “That is how I did it,” he* as serted, “and I would do it again.” Mr. Hull referred specifically to Gov. Dewey’s speech at Louisville October 12, in which Gov. Dewey said “the beginning of our bi partisan foreign policy” was when “I first proposed to Secretary Hull dur ing the election campaign four years ago that we have co-operation be tween dUr two parties to win the peace.” The former Secretary said this statement “is incorrect,” but did not elaborate beyond saying that Gov. Dewey could refresh his mem ory of what actually happened by (See HULL, Page A-3.) 5 Treated After Streetcar, Bus Collide on G Street A collision between a streetcar and a bus early today on Seventh street near G street N.W. sent five persons to Casualty Hospital for treatment of minor injuries. Police said the accident occurred at 1:50 a.m. when the southbound streetcar, driven by John Updike, 34, of 554 Shepherd street N.W, rammed into the rear of a bus which was^ stopped at the loading platform near G street. • All of those injured were on the bus, police added. Treated and released for minor bruises and cuts were: A. B. Pickett, 33, colored, of 2323 Fourteenth place S.E.; Pearl P. Gordon, 34, colored, 811 Twenty-eighth street N.E.; Vercie Simpson, 34, colored, 480 M street S.W.; William Johnson, 38, colored, 1256 Stevens place S.E., and James Burroughs, 24, colored, 623 A street S.E. Mr. Updike was charged by police with failing to give full time and attention to his driving. The driver of the bus was Russell P. Ennis, 22, of 1433 Spring road N.W., police said. Drop to 41 Degrees Here Is Lowest Since April Sunny weather, with the mercury reaching the 70s, was forecast for today by the Weather Bureau, fol lowing a drop to 41 degrees at 6:32 am., the lowest recorded since last April 23. Heavy fog, caused by the tempera ture drop, according to the bureau experts, blanketed most of the Washington area this morning, but was dissipated as the sun rose. But to dispel any lingering doubts about the season, the cold air will begin coming in again in earnest tomorrow afternoon, the forecaster said, and it should be back at the 40 level by Monday or Tuesday. Scattered showers tomorrow morning, followed by clearing and colder was the forecast. Dewey Bids for Women's Vote; Cites Appointments in State New Yorker Again Backs Farm Price Support In Minnesota Speeches on Return Trip to East By J. A. O'Leary Star Staff Correspondent ABOARD THE DEWEY SPE CIAL, Oct. 16.—Gov. Dewey ap peared today to be making a strong bid for the women’s vote as he started East from his sec ond campaign trip. In his speech at St. Paul, Minn., last night, he reminded the Na tional Federation of Womens Re publican Clubs that he had received an award for appointing the largest number of women to important places in the New York State gov ernment, and then he added: “After next January 20, they will be just as important in our national Government.” Men close to the New York Gov ernor say it is too early to tell whether he would include a woman in his cabinet, as President Roose velt did in making Frances Perkins Secretary of Labor. They are con vinced, however, that he will, if! elected, place women in a number of high posts, as he has done in New York. Women are believed to outnumber men in the total of qualified voters in this country, and- in recent years they have become steadily more ac tive in politics. In his State administration in New York Gov. Dewey has as chair man of the Workmen's Compensa tion Commission, Miss Mary Don Ion; as a member of the Civil Serv ice Commission, Louise Gerry; on the New York Anti-Discrimination Commission, Caroline K. Simon; as Deputy Commissioner, Jane Todd, and as Secretary of the State Labor Department, Mrs. Bertha J. Diggs. Gov. Dewey’s speech before the women’s clubs was a restatement of his often expressed position on for eign policy and on aids to agricul ture. If elected, he said, he would work for less politics and more practical help in soil conservation. He said (See DEWEY, Page A-3.) France Plans Action On Money Troubles As Strikes Moderate Change in Franc Value Expected as Result of Conferences in Paris By th« Associated Press PARIS, Oct. 16.—The French government, its labor ^roubles slightly on the wane, moved to day to take action against its money troubles. Some kind of change in the value of the franc is expected to be dis cussed today and tomorrow between top financial leaders of Western Europe. France's labor unrest seemed like ly to simmer out as the Communist controlled General Confederation of Labor (CGT) voted almost unani mously against calling a general strike. The CGT pledged itself to seek destruction of the European Recov ery Program and voted for co-opera tion with Russia and continued pressure for Communist participa tion In the French government. Coal Strike Continues. There was no sign of. a break in the 13-day coal walkout. The Com munist-led union reacted to a gov ernment charge that the mines are suffering from neglect by ordering strikers to abandon all care of mines for 24 hours Monday. Government officials after a meeting today issued a communique saying certain measures have been decided on which "will be applied with extreme energy if the or ganization of the CGT persist in an attitude contrary to the inter ests of the country, of the workers and their families.” The communique mentioned the decision of the miners to abandon care of the mines Monday. It did (See FRANCE, Page A-3.) Jap Generals Deny Guilt • YOKOHAMA, Oct. 16 OP).—Six Japanese generals today pleaded not guilty before a United States Armj» military tribunal to charges of re sponsibility in the mistreatment of from 10,000 to 30,000 Allied war pris oners who were jammed aboard ships for transfer to Japan. Chest to Receive All Of Today's Receipts Of Auto Repair Shop Workmen Are Giving Usual Saturday Holiday To Aid Campaign As the Community Chest Fed eration fund drive gained mo mentum, employes and execu tives of an automobile repair shop today planned to give a day’s wages to the campaign. Joining the “day's wages" plan is the firm of Williams & Baker, 2519 M street N.W. Earl O. Baker, a partner, said all proceeds, includ ing labor and parts profits on cars repaired, will be turned over to the Community Chest tonight on behalf of the 22 employes and executives. Since the shop usually is closed on Saturday,, the workmen will be giving up a day off to make the gift to the Red Feather services. About 20 cars are expected to be repaired today. S676.411 Pledged. The drive to raise $4,566,790 got under way on October 7 and by Thursday had reached nearly 15 per cent of its goal with $676,411.47 in pledges. It will continue through November 4. The next progress report will be made at a luncheon at the Wash ington Hotel Monday. Other campaign activities sched uled include a Red Feather dance tonight sponsored by the Penthouse Service Center at the YWCA, Sev (See CHEST, Page A-3.) Rhineland and Ruhr To Vote Tomorrow Sy th« Associated Press DUSSELDORF, Germany, Oct. 16. —Voters in thousands of small com munities in the Rhineland and Ruhr will elect local government representatives tomorrow. In the last communal elections in 1946 percentage votes for parties were: Christian Democrats. 38.5; Social Democrats, 36.5; Commu nists, 7.7; Free Democrats, 5.5, and Centrum (rightist), 4.6. Similar elections will be held in Schleswig-Holstin on October 24 and in Lower Saxony next month. Ex-Officer Arrested irr Faking Of $17,000 in Army Vouchers j A 32-year-old former Army lieu tenant, who was accused by Secret Service and Air Force Investigators of having faked vouchers to collect more than $17,000 from the Govern ment, was being held here today on a charge of forging and utter ing. Secret Service and Air Force spe cial investigation service authorities disclosed that Warren L. Arnett, who left the service in 1947, was ar rested late yesterday at Bolling Air Force Base when he attempted to cash a $600 pay and allowance voucher which, officials declared, was forged. Arnett, they said, admitted this and also told how he used various assumed names, impersonated an officer and faked vouchers in 39 similar instances during the last 12 months. Last spring, authorities said, he obtained $400 from the finance office at Fort Meade, Md., and another $200 at Fort Bel voir, Va. He had only $4 in his pockets when arrested, they added. On arraignment before United States Commissioner Cyril S. Law rence today, Arnett made no formal plea but asked that he be given an opportunity to retain a lawyer. Commissioner Lawrence set bail at $5,000 and continued the case until 10 a.m. Friday. A Secret Service agent informed (See FORGERY, Page A-3.) President Orders Quick Formation Of Reserve Units Forrestal to Report In 60 Days on Move To Speed Training ly the Associated Press CLARKSBURG, W. Va., Oct. 16. — President Truman an nounced today he has directed the Defense Department to “or ganize all military Reserve units required for the national se curity.” The presidential order requiring action “without delay,” called for establishment of “vigorous and pro gressive reserve training programs,” It was directed to Defense Secre tary Forrestal and the heads of the Armed Service Departments under him. The President told Mr. Forrestal to assign "an actiVe, capable, high ranking officer” to head the Reserve program in each department of the National Defense establishment. Order Signed Aboard Train. Mr. Truman signed an executive order aboard his Washington-bound campaign train shortly before mid night. It says the national security re quires that “Reserve components of appropriate strength and maximum effectiveness exist throughout the Nation.” In a statement, Mr. Truman said ihe organized Reserve Corps of the' Army and Air Force have not made as rapid progress as other branches of the service in building up their postwar strength. Mr. Forrestal was directed to re port within 60 days on progress under the order. Will Balance National Defense. The President said his order waa intended to “give the balance nec essary to our national defense in its broadest aspect.” Presidential Secretary Charles G. Ross told reporters the order was not an outgrowth of any new de terioration of international rela tions. “It seems that the Navy and Ma rines got ahead of the Army and Air Force in organizing their re serves,” he said. “This is intended to obtain a better balance.” Presidential aides at the Whit* House in Washington told a report er that Mr. Truman had no par ticular numerical goal in mind for strengthening the reserves. Hails Navy, Marine Progress. Mr. Truman paid “particular trib ute to the progress which has been made by the Navy Department and the members of the Naval and Ma rine Corps Reserve in building up their postwar reserve organization and in forwarding their training programs.” In much the same way, he said, the National Guard has “largely perfected" its postwar organization. He spoke of its success in recruit ing. Progress of the Army and Aiff (See RESERVES, Page A-3.) ' Truman Due Here at 4 P.M.; Hits Republican Tax Bill By Joseph A. Fox Star Staff Correspondent ABOARD TRUMAN CAMPAIGN TRAIN, Oct. 16.—President Truman, en route back to Washington from a 3,500-mile campaign trip in the Midwest, today accused the Repub licans of trying to “debauch” thi* election. Speaking from a platform in front of the railroad station at Clarks burg, W. Va., Mr. Truman said the GOP passed “a rich man’s tax bill” and now is trying to get contribu tions from the rich. He exhibited a West Virginia Republican pamphlet showing tax savings in various brackets under the income tax re duction bill and said it suggested party contributions out of such sav ings. The President, who is due to reach Washington at 4 o'clock this afternoon, aimed a jibe at Gov. Warren, the Republican vice presi dential nominee, in a speech at Grafton, W. Va., later today. He said he was informed that Gov. Warren had failed to indorse Sen ator Revercomb, Republican, for re election on a recent visit to West Virginia. “What sort of party is it that won't indorse its candidates?’’ Mr. Truman asked. Says Revercomb Waited Vainly. He said Senator Revercomb “waited in vain” for an outright in dorsement, but that all Gov. Warren would say was “that he liked the Eightieth Congress.” Senator Kilgore, Democrat, of West Virginia, and Matthew M. Neely, Democratic candidate for the Senate against Senator Revercomb, were on the platform with the President in Clarksburg./ “I’m just as sure as I stand here West Virginia is going to do the right thing on election day,” Mr. Truman said. He added that if everybody votes, he isn't worried about the outcome. With only a 36-hour respite in his campaign, Mr. Truman will fly to Miami Monday for a “nonpolitical’* speech to the American Legion con vention. He will arrive in Raleigh, N. C., late that day for two speeches there Tuesday. The President ended a flve-State sweep in-Indianapolis last night. His six-day tour brought his total of campaign speeches to 216. With 15, 458 miles behind him and 7,000 miles to go, Mr. Truman insists at every appearance that "we are going to win.” t In Indianapolis, he pounded heav ily on the “fear” motif, warning ^ big Democratic rally that a Republi (See TRUMAN, Page A-3.) Johnston Flying Back LONDON, Oct. 16 UP).—Eric John ston, president of the Motion Pic ture Association of America, left by American Overseas Airlines plana this afternoon for New York, end ing an extended European tour.