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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 16, 1948, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Sunny, windy this afternoon; highest about
74. Partly cloudy with low about 60 tonight.
Tomorrow, mild, showers in forenoon. (Full
report on Page A-2.)
Midnight . 46 6 a.m-41 11 a.m..61
2 a.m_44 8 a.m-43 Noon_64
4 a.m_42 10 a.m_58 1 p.m_66
*

Guide for Readers
rage.;
Amusements _.B-16
Church News..A-7-9
Comics .B-15
Editorial .A-4
Editorial Articles A-5
Lost and Found--A-3
Page.
Obituary.A-l#
Radio.B-15
Real Estate B-l-14
Society, Clubs_A-6
Sports .A-ll
Where to Go_B-9
An Associated Press Newspaper
P6th Year. No. 290.
Phone ST. 5000
** WASHINGTON, D. C.t SATURDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1948—THIRTY-SIX PAGES.
City Rome tielirary. Daily • and Sunday. $1.20 a Month.' When 6 S' /^ittixTT’C!
Sundays. $1.30. Ml$ht Final Sdition, $1.30 and $1.40 per Month ® V/HiJN i. O
Vishinsky Talk
Seen Bolstering
Allies on Berlin
Blast at President of
Council Held Cause of
Shift by Neutrals'
By the Associated Press
PARIS, Oct. 16. — Western
Power officials said today that
Soviet Delegate Andrei Y. Vi
shinsky had alienated the Se
curity Council “neutrals” by
challenging their motives in
attempting to mediate the Ber
lin problem.
A French delegate said Mr. Vi
shinsky had pulled a "boner.” Other
Western spokesmen said he had
vpi'shed the "neutrals” over to their
si. by charging a trap wsa being
bs ed for Russia.
tr. Vishinsky refused to answer
qu .itions on the Berlin blockade and
th( four-power Moscow negotiations,
repeating the Russian argument that
the Security Council had no business
discussing Berlin.
Allies Promise Answers.
The questions were put to all four
parties to the Berlin dispute by Ar
gentine Foreign Minister Juan’Bra
muglia, acting chairman of the Se
curity .Council during the Berlin
debate. The United States, Britain
and France promised their answers
at next Tuesday’s Council session.
Meanwhile, the “neutrals” decided
to meet again today to try to work
out a possible solution to the
impasse.
The six “neutrals,” led by Mr.
Bramuglia, have been trying to find
a way out of the impasse since Oc
tober 6, but after yesterday's meet
ing the four powers were as far
apart as ever.
Mr. Vishinsky broke his silence at
the meeting only to accuse the
would-be mediators of trying to trap
Russia into taking part in the de
bate. “It is naive to believe the
Soviet Union will swallow this bait,”
he said.
In a strongly worded reply, Mr.
Bramuglia said “I therefore most
firmly and categorically deny that
in any of our minds was there _ any
question of double dealing.”
Papanek Ouster Beaten.
At a morning meeting today, a
plenary session of the Assembly
turned down Soviet bloc efforts to
fire Dr. Jan Papanek, anti-Com
munist former Czechoslovak dele
gate to the U. N. from two commit
tees.
A Polish motion to get rid of Dr.
Papanek was voted down, with only
the six Slav states recorded in
favor of it.
Dr. Papanek's term on the com
mittee on contributions expires at
the end of next year. His term on
the advisory’ committee on admin
istrative and budgetary questions
lasts until the eVid of 1950.
Poland and White Russia argued
that Dr. Papanek no longer has the
confidence of his government, but
the United States and Britain held
that members of the committees
were elected as individuals and nom
ination by their countries was “only
incidental.”
The Palestine question, which was
taken up by the Assembly’s Political
Committee yesterday, was edged out
of the picture by a report from the
subcommittee on atomic energy
w hich will be taken up by the com
mittee Monday.
Palestine Issue Waits.
The subcommittee is expected to
recommend that the five permanent
members of the Security Council
and Canada continue to seek an
agreement in principle on regulation
of atomic energy.
The Palestine question will not be
taken up again until after the
atomic energy report has been voted
on.
In other committee meetings yes
terday, Russia suffered a series of
defeats.
The Legal Committee overcame
strong Soviet objections and voted
to protect “political groups” from
mass slaughter in the proposed
treaty on genocide.
In the Social Committee, Britain
accused Russia of maintaining a
‘monstrous slave system.” charging
"millions of slave laborers are kept
like domestic animals, only for w’hat
they produce.”
The Trusteeship Committee re
jected a Soviet resolution which
tended to force colonial powers to
supply political information about
dependent, territories.
Paraguay to Resume lies
With Spain, U. N. intormed
By th* Associated Press
PARIS, Oct. 16.—The United Na
tions secretariat announced today
that Paraguay has advised she will
■normalize" diplomatic relations
with Spain.
In a note dated September 29 the
Paraguayan government said it was
sending a minister to Madrid despite
the U, N. Assembly’s recommenda
tion of 1946 that heads of missions
should be withdrawn from the
Spanish capital.
Argentina, Bolivia, Peru and the
Dominican Republic have in the
past decided against the U. N. reso
lution by appointing ambassadors
or ministers in Madrid.
The Paraguayan note said the
move was “upholding the principle
of nonintervention.”
Football Scores
On WMAL
The Star will continue its
Saturday Nation-wide roundup
of football scores over radio
station WMAL tonight from
8 to 8:15 o’clock.
The broadcast, by Bill Coyle,
also will feature high lights
of important games.
Please do not phone The
Star for scores. Despite in
creased trunk lines The Star
cannot furnish the results by
telephone.
Military Clique Vetoed Truman
On Vinson Plan, Pole Charges
U. N. Disarmaments Subcommittee Told That,
President Is Prisoner of Armed Services
By the Associated Press
PARIS, Oct. 16. —Poland
charged today that President
Truman “is a prisoner of a mili
tary clique, and that when he
wanted to send Sn envoy to
Moscow he was stopped.”
The assertion was made by Julius
Katz-Suchy of Poland in the Dis
armaments Subcommittee of the
United Nations Assembly.
Mr.. Katz-Suchy apparently was
leferring to the recent plan of Mr.
Truman to send Chief Justice Vin
son to Moscow to explain the Amer
ican position on atomic energy to
Prime Minister Stalin. Secretary of
State Marshall opposed the plan
and Mr. Vinson did not make the
trip. Gen. Marshall is former Chief
of Staff of the United States Army.
(The Polish envoy also may
have had in mind a statement
made by President Truman last
June 12 that Mr. Stalin is "a
prisoner of the Politburo.”
(Mr. Truman made the state
ment in an informal talk to the
townspeople ‘ of Eugene, Ore?.,
while on a West Coast speaking
tour.)
Mr. Katz-Suchy, speaking at
times angrily, declared he was an
swering statements made yesterday
by Frederick Osborn, American dele
gate.
The chairman, Col. W. R. Hodg
son of Australia, twice admonished
him to keep to the subject of dis
armament.
Jacob Malik of the Soviet Union
then raised a point of order declar
ing Mr. Katz-Suchy should be per
mitted to take up the same ques
tions raised by Mr. Osborn.
Mr. Osborn, smiling slightly,
agreed. "We think the discussion is
proper,” he said.
Mr. Katz-Suchy said Mr. Osborn
raised the question of the Iron Cur
tain. "What has the question of
the Iron Curtain got to do with
disarmaments,” the Pole continued.
Col. Hodgson said he thought Mr.
| Osborn's talk yesterday at times
moved away from the subject mat
ter under discussion, disarmament.
He added he thought it would be
more appropriate for Mr. .Malik to
answer the United States rather
than the representative of Poland.
Mr. Katz-Suchy said he would
prefer to talk only of the disarma
ment resolution before the commit
tee. But since the United States
(See DISARMAMENTS, Page A-3.1
U, S. Protests Reds'
Plan lor AA Practice
In Airlift Corridor
Drill With Towed Targets
Dangerous Violation of
Rules, Americans Say
By the Associated Press
BERLIN, Oct. 16.—The Ameri
cans today protested against the
Russians’ announcemeni that
they will practice antiaircraft
fire at towejl targets in the Allied
airlift corridor. American au
thorities charged that it would
be a dangerous violation of air
safety rules.
The Russians posted a warning at
the four-power Berlin Air Safety
Center that they will conduct the
drill today at their Haselberg airport
in the Bueckeburg corridor.
“We have protested this firing as
irresponsible t and hazardous to
safety," said Lt. Col. E. Stead
man of the American military gov
ernment armed forces division.
The Russians also announced they
will conduct “local flying” drills at
various other points in the Allied
corridors.
Blockade Tightened.
Meanwhile, the Russians tight
ened their blockade to prevent any
food from slipping into Berlin’s
Western sectors from the surround
ing Soviet occupation zone.
The German Communist govern
ment of the state of Brandenburg,
which surrounds Berlin, announced
that effective immediately, passen
gers on all trains, inland waterways
and motor vehicles would be
searched for foodstuffs or other ra
tioned articles. These articles would
be immediately confiscated, espe
cially if the passengers carrying
them were bound for Berlin.
On the political front, the anti
communist city government an
nounced lt was going ahead with
plans for municipal elections on
December 5 whether or not the Rus
sians gave their approval. The three
Western commandants speedily gave
their consent.
Airlifts Combined.
The United States and Britain
yesterday combined their airlift task
forces under American comjnand.
United States A'lr Force head
quarters at Wiesbaden announced
the signing of an agreement to put
all airlift operations under the com
mand of Maj. Gen. William A.
Tunner. who flew war supplies over
(See BERLIN, Page A-3.)
Mrs. Bennett Meyers Sells
Home on Long Island
By the Associated Press
RIVERHEAD, N. Y., Oct. 16.—'The
Long Island country home of former
Maj. Gen. Bennett E. Meyers has
been sold to Mrs. Sade E. L. Osborne
of New York.
A deed filed here yesterday re
vealed that Meyers’ wife, Mrs. Ila
Rae Meyers, transferred the prop
erty for about $53,500. The new
owner, Mrs. Osborne, recently sold
an estate at Camden, Me.
Meyers is serving a 20-month to
5-year term in Washington. He was
convicted of persuading a business
associate to commit perjury before
a Senate committee.
Meyers also faces income tax fraud
charges after he serves his present
j prison term. i
Grady Dissatisfied
With Co-operation
Of Greece and U. S.
Hard Fighting Is Ahead
If Rebels Are to Be
Smashed, He Says
By fht Associated Pres*
ATHENS, Oct. 16.—American
Ambassador Henry F. Grady
conceded today that the mili
tary picture in Greece is not
satisfactory and declared hard
fighting is ahead if the Commu
nist-led rebels are to be smashed.
He said flatly that more effective
co-operation is needed between the
Greek government and the American
Economic-Military Mission. He re
fused to predict how long fighting
might go on.
Mr. Grady's statement, handed to
correspondents shortly before the
expected arrival of Secretary of
State George C. Marshall, was
prompted by written questions from
the correspondents, designed to un
cover the reason for Greece's failure
to clear out the guerrillas.
More Co-operation Urged.
The Ambassador said the open
border through which Albanian.
Yugoslav and Bulgarian air flowed
to the rebels was the main factor
behind the Communist ability to
continue organized military opera
tions. But on Greek-American co
operation, he said:
“There has been co-operation but
more effective co-operation is
needed.”
He said there had been too much
optimism in the United States and
Gen. Marshall on Way
To Athens to Check
Greek Aid Progress
By the Associated Press
PARIS, Oct. 16.—Secretary of
State Marshall left this morn
ing for Athens. An American
spokesman said he will check
on American aid to Greece.
Greece has asked further
American aid to maintain an
army large enough to beat rebel
forces operating along the
Yugoslav and Albanian border.
*The funds must be asked at
the next Congress session in
January.
This will be Gen. Marshall’s
first visit to Greece as Secre
tary of State.
Greece over past successes and pos
sible future successes.
“It is expected that organized!
resistance will be put down in the!
near future, but not without hard!
fighting," he declared. “I have no
doubt qf the complete elimination
of organized guerrilla warfare. It
must be eliminated. Just how soon
is difflucult to say.
“I do not believe the situation is
actually worse. It is not completely
satisfactory, but ups and downs
are to be expected in any campaign.
We have abundantly equipped and
supplied Greek armed forces. The
(See GREECE, Page A-3.)
Portuguese Minister Quits
LISBON, Portugal, Oct. 16 OP).—
The government announced today
that Dr. Daniel Barbosa has re
signed as Minister of Economics
ana has been replaced by Dr. Castro
Fernandes, former Undersecretary
of Corporations. '
Briton Lied on Slavery Charge,
Russian Tells U. N. Social Unit
ly th« Associated Press
PARIS, Oct. 16.—Russia charged
today that Christopher Mayhew,
British delegate, is a liar and a
mouthpieec for Fascism in the
United Nations.
“He has started a cold war in the
U. N. Social Committee,’ said Alexei
Pavlov, Russian delegate.
Pounding the table and flailing
his arms, the black-bearded Russian
professor replied bitterly to Mr.
Mayhew’s speech to the committee
yesterday. The British delegate had
accused Russia of denying freedom
to millions of workers in a “mon
strous slave system without parallel
' in world history.”
The East-West war of words has
accompanied debate on a proposed
U. N. declaration of human rights.
Russia has demanded that the
declaration protect an individual
against "criminal attempts on his
person,” such as lynching, and has
proposed abolition* of the death
penalty in time of peace.
Mr. Pavlov two days ago accused
Britain of ill-treating its colonial
peoples and said millions had died
in. conditions of semislavery. Mr.
Mayhew replied yesterday in one-of
the most blistering attacks on Rus
sia ever heard in a United Nations
Committee.
Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Amer
ican delegate and a drafter of the
declaration, tried yesterday to stem
the tide of the “cold war." She
moved for adjournment of debate
after the Mayhew address, but with
drew the mption this morning
“when other delegates felt the
Russian had a right to reply.”
“He’s had his reply now,” she told
a reporter. “Now maybe we can get
along with our work.”
Mr. Pavlov accused Mr. Mayhew
of fleeing the committee today to
escape the wrath of the Russian
reply. The British delegate left last
night for London.
Jews, Egyptians
Ordered by U. N.
To Cease Fire
Israelis Reported
To Have Refused
To Stop Fighting
By th« AllociaUd Pr««»
PARIS, Oct. 16.—The United
Nations announced today that
Jews and Egyptians have been
ordered to cease fire in the
Negeb-Gaza area of Southern
Palestine.
The cease-fire was set for 2 p.m.,
GMT (9 a.m., EST> today. A Haifa
dispatch said U. N. officials there
reported Israel had refused to
comply.
Brig. Gen. William E. Riley of the
United States Marines and chief
of staff of the U. N. truce observers
in Palestine, reported fighting in
the area was a “grave breach of
the truce.'* He ordered forces of
both sides to return to positions
held by them at noon yesterday.
A U. N. investigation team left
Haifa today for Tel Aviv to investi
gate the Jewish side of the front.
It returned late yesterday from
Gaza, where it investigated the sit
uation on the Egyptian side of the
front.
Fighting Begins in Jerusalem.
In Jerusalem U. N. observers re
ported intensive hostilities began
early today.-' They said there was
heavy machine gun fire and mortar
shelling on both sides.
Machine gun bullets believed fired
by Arabs from the Old City walls
missed by inches the senior U. N.
observer in Jerusalem. Col. George
Millet, and an American consul, the
U. N. here reported. Three bul
lets entered the white United Na
tions car in which they were riding.
The consul was not named, but it
w as presumed here he was John J.
Macdonald, American consul gen
eral in Jerusalem and chairman of
the U. N. Truce Commission.
South Palestine Battle
Threatens Armistice
TEL AVIV, Israel, Oct? 16 (A*).—
Jews and Egyptians hammered each
other in Southern Palestine today
with land and ah- attacks that
threatened to shatter the Holy Land
truce.
Casualties from yesterday's fight
ing are reported to be heavy.
The clashes came as the United
Nations met in Paris to consider
means of bringing lasting peace to
Palestine.
Whether the new violence—grav
est in three months—constitutes a
mere truce fracture or resumption
of full-scale war, may be decided
by the outcome of military action in
the next 12 hours.
Fighting broke out in the Negeb,
where Jews and Egyptians have
been facing each other since the
truce began.
Convoy Sent Through.
The trouble apparently started
when the Jews chose the opening of
Uhe U. N. Palestine debate to try to
rush a daylight convoy to 23 Jewish
settlements in the southern desert,
80 miles south of Tel Aviv.
The Egyptians who overlook the
road along the entire route pounced
on the convoy and turned it back.
Two trucks in the 16-vehicle group
were burned and dkveral persons
killed.
| Anonymous U. N. observers said
the Jews apparently sent a "sitting
duck" convoy under Egyptian guns
as a provocative gesture to pave
the way for last night’s Israeli air
force strike-back.
The terse Israeli announcement
of Jewish bombing of Egyptian
bases in the south said ‘‘following
today s Egyptian land and air at
tacks in the Negr$b, the* Israeli air
force took action against Egyptian
bases. Ground clashes also flared
up in various parts of the area.”
Following yesterday’s emergency
blackout broadcast, all Israel and
Jewish Jerusalem went to bed in
the- dark. No Arab air raids were
reported up to midnight.
Ben Gurion in Parley.
Premier David Ben Gurion, who
has his principal office in army
headquarters as defense minister,
went to government house in a Tel
Aviv suburb last night for a con
ference of his top advisers.
Other government leaders can
celed social engagements which had
been made for the eve of the Jewish
Sabbath.
Jerusalem dispatches said many
shops and offices were closed as
Jewish authorities began another
comb-out of manpower for what
was described as “essential defense
works.”
The convoy attack occurred in an
area which was bitterly contested
throughout the Palestine conflict.
The trucks moved down a road that
the Egyptians repeatedly have re
fused to acknowledge as £ supply
route during the truce.
The Jews also reported that six
Eygptian Spitfires strafed and
bombed several inter-settlement
• See PALESTINE. Page A-3.~
Kaiser Reported Planning
Low-Priced Car in 1950
8x the AesocioUd Press
x CHICAGO, Oct. 16. — Kaiser
Frazer hopes to invade the low-price
automobile field in the spring of
1950, Advertising Age said today.
The price for the new car was not
given.
The magazine reported that Edgar
F. Kaiser, general manager of
Kaiser-Frazer and son of Henry F.
Kaiser, said in an interview that
depending on steel supplies the com
pany intends to "build at least 2,000
of them a day, or 500,000 a year.
Advertising Age said the proposed
car may bear the Kaiser name and
would be a third line car in the
company’s schedule.
British Envoy in Moscow
MOSCOW, Oct. 16 (JP).—Sir Mau
rice Peterson, British Ambassador,
returned to his post Qi Moscow to
day from a leave in England.
bMTSEEMS A ■
MUCH SAFER PLACE,
GOVERNOR,THAN i
i,N
Dewey Reminds Hull
He Avoided Disunity
In 1944 Campaign
Fortner Official Charges
New Yorker Falsely Claims
Bipartisan Policy Credit j
Former Secretary of State j
Cordell Hull and Gov. Dewey
wert in dispute today over origin
of the Nation’s bipartisan for
eign policy. ' .
Mr. Hull issued a statement from
Bethesda Naval Hospital last night,
accusing the Republican presidential
nominee of making “incorrect” and
"extravagant” claims for credit for
unity achievements “which were the
fruit of joint and patriotic effort by
members of both political parties.”
He called for an end to "competi
tive claims” by spokesmen for either
party, lest they inject into the con
duct of foreign affairs the very
paitisanship they claimed to bury.
Gov. Dewey departed from his
prepared campaign address in St.
Paul last night to'reply to Mr. Hull.
Recalls 1944 Incident.
The GOP candidate said he passed
up an opportunity during his 1944
campaign to “expose to the Amer
ican people some of the many
blunders and tragedies” of the
Roosevelt administration in order to
preserve unity in the midst of wai
—obviously a reference to his deci
sion not to reveal the fact that the
United States had broken the Jap
anese code before Pearl Harbor.
Instead, Gov. Dewey said, he sent
a representative to Air. Hull to co
operate in laying the groundwork
for a new world peace organization.
He added that “Secretary Hull ac
cepted this co-operation handsomely
and we succeeded in lifting the
whole problem of the United Na
tions out of the partisanship of a
political campaign.”
“That is how I did it,” he* as
serted, “and I would do it again.”
Mr. Hull referred specifically to
Gov. Dewey’s speech at Louisville
October 12, in which Gov. Dewey
said “the beginning of our bi
partisan foreign policy” was when “I
first proposed to Secretary Hull dur
ing the election campaign four years
ago that we have co-operation be
tween dUr two parties to win the
peace.”
The former Secretary said this
statement “is incorrect,” but did
not elaborate beyond saying that
Gov. Dewey could refresh his mem
ory of what actually happened by
(See HULL, Page A-3.)
5 Treated After Streetcar,
Bus Collide on G Street
A collision between a streetcar
and a bus early today on Seventh
street near G street N.W. sent five
persons to Casualty Hospital for
treatment of minor injuries.
Police said the accident occurred
at 1:50 a.m. when the southbound
streetcar, driven by John Updike,
34, of 554 Shepherd street N.W,
rammed into the rear of a bus
which was^ stopped at the loading
platform near G street. • All of those
injured were on the bus, police
added.
Treated and released for minor
bruises and cuts were: A. B. Pickett,
33, colored, of 2323 Fourteenth place
S.E.; Pearl P. Gordon, 34, colored,
811 Twenty-eighth street N.E.;
Vercie Simpson, 34, colored, 480 M
street S.W.; William Johnson, 38,
colored, 1256 Stevens place S.E., and
James Burroughs, 24, colored, 623
A street S.E.
Mr. Updike was charged by police
with failing to give full time and
attention to his driving. The driver
of the bus was Russell P. Ennis, 22,
of 1433 Spring road N.W., police
said.
Drop to 41 Degrees Here
Is Lowest Since April
Sunny weather, with the mercury
reaching the 70s, was forecast for
today by the Weather Bureau, fol
lowing a drop to 41 degrees at 6:32
am., the lowest recorded since last
April 23.
Heavy fog, caused by the tempera
ture drop, according to the bureau
experts, blanketed most of the
Washington area this morning, but
was dissipated as the sun rose.
But to dispel any lingering doubts
about the season, the cold air will
begin coming in again in earnest
tomorrow afternoon, the forecaster
said, and it should be back at the 40
level by Monday or Tuesday.
Scattered showers tomorrow
morning, followed by clearing and
colder was the forecast.
Dewey Bids for Women's Vote;
Cites Appointments in State
New Yorker Again Backs Farm Price Support
In Minnesota Speeches on Return Trip to East
By J. A. O'Leary
Star Staff Correspondent
ABOARD THE DEWEY SPE
CIAL, Oct. 16.—Gov. Dewey ap
peared today to be making a
strong bid for the women’s vote
as he started East from his sec
ond campaign trip.
In his speech at St. Paul, Minn.,
last night, he reminded the Na
tional Federation of Womens Re
publican Clubs that he had received
an award for appointing the largest
number of women to important
places in the New York State gov
ernment, and then he added:
“After next January 20, they will
be just as important in our national
Government.”
Men close to the New York Gov
ernor say it is too early to tell
whether he would include a woman
in his cabinet, as President Roose
velt did in making Frances Perkins
Secretary of Labor. They are con
vinced, however, that he will, if!
elected, place women in a number of
high posts, as he has done in New
York.
Women are believed to outnumber
men in the total of qualified voters
in this country, and- in recent years
they have become steadily more ac
tive in politics.
In his State administration in
New York Gov. Dewey has as chair
man of the Workmen's Compensa
tion Commission, Miss Mary Don
Ion; as a member of the Civil Serv
ice Commission, Louise Gerry; on
the New York Anti-Discrimination
Commission, Caroline K. Simon; as
Deputy Commissioner, Jane Todd,
and as Secretary of the State Labor
Department, Mrs. Bertha J. Diggs.
Gov. Dewey’s speech before the
women’s clubs was a restatement of
his often expressed position on for
eign policy and on aids to agricul
ture.
If elected, he said, he would work
for less politics and more practical
help in soil conservation. He said
(See DEWEY, Page A-3.)
France Plans Action
On Money Troubles
As Strikes Moderate
Change in Franc Value
Expected as Result of
Conferences in Paris
By th« Associated Press
PARIS, Oct. 16.—The French
government, its labor ^roubles
slightly on the wane, moved to
day to take action against its
money troubles.
Some kind of change in the value
of the franc is expected to be dis
cussed today and tomorrow between
top financial leaders of Western
Europe.
France's labor unrest seemed like
ly to simmer out as the Communist
controlled General Confederation of
Labor (CGT) voted almost unani
mously against calling a general
strike.
The CGT pledged itself to seek
destruction of the European Recov
ery Program and voted for co-opera
tion with Russia and continued
pressure for Communist participa
tion In the French government.
Coal Strike Continues.
There was no sign of. a break in
the 13-day coal walkout. The Com
munist-led union reacted to a gov
ernment charge that the mines are
suffering from neglect by ordering
strikers to abandon all care of mines
for 24 hours Monday.
Government officials after a
meeting today issued a communique
saying certain measures have been
decided on which "will be applied
with extreme energy if the or
ganization of the CGT persist in
an attitude contrary to the inter
ests of the country, of the workers
and their families.”
The communique mentioned the
decision of the miners to abandon
care of the mines Monday. It did
(See FRANCE, Page A-3.)
Jap Generals Deny Guilt
• YOKOHAMA, Oct. 16 OP).—Six
Japanese generals today pleaded not
guilty before a United States Armj»
military tribunal to charges of re
sponsibility in the mistreatment of
from 10,000 to 30,000 Allied war pris
oners who were jammed aboard
ships for transfer to Japan.
Chest to Receive All
Of Today's Receipts
Of Auto Repair Shop
Workmen Are Giving
Usual Saturday Holiday
To Aid Campaign
As the Community Chest Fed
eration fund drive gained mo
mentum, employes and execu
tives of an automobile repair
shop today planned to give a
day’s wages to the campaign.
Joining the “day's wages" plan
is the firm of Williams & Baker,
2519 M street N.W. Earl O. Baker,
a partner, said all proceeds, includ
ing labor and parts profits on cars
repaired, will be turned over to the
Community Chest tonight on behalf
of the 22 employes and executives.
Since the shop usually is closed
on Saturday,, the workmen will be
giving up a day off to make the
gift to the Red Feather services.
About 20 cars are expected to be
repaired today.
S676.411 Pledged.
The drive to raise $4,566,790 got
under way on October 7 and by
Thursday had reached nearly 15
per cent of its goal with $676,411.47
in pledges. It will continue through
November 4.
The next progress report will be
made at a luncheon at the Wash
ington Hotel Monday.
Other campaign activities sched
uled include a Red Feather dance
tonight sponsored by the Penthouse
Service Center at the YWCA, Sev
(See CHEST, Page A-3.)
Rhineland and Ruhr
To Vote Tomorrow
Sy th« Associated Press
DUSSELDORF, Germany, Oct. 16.
—Voters in thousands of small com
munities in the Rhineland and
Ruhr will elect local government
representatives tomorrow.
In the last communal elections in
1946 percentage votes for parties
were: Christian Democrats. 38.5;
Social Democrats, 36.5; Commu
nists, 7.7; Free Democrats, 5.5, and
Centrum (rightist), 4.6.
Similar elections will be held in
Schleswig-Holstin on October 24
and in Lower Saxony next month.
Ex-Officer Arrested irr Faking
Of $17,000 in Army Vouchers j
A 32-year-old former Army lieu
tenant, who was accused by Secret
Service and Air Force Investigators
of having faked vouchers to collect
more than $17,000 from the Govern
ment, was being held here today
on a charge of forging and utter
ing.
Secret Service and Air Force spe
cial investigation service authorities
disclosed that Warren L. Arnett, who
left the service in 1947, was ar
rested late yesterday at Bolling Air
Force Base when he attempted to
cash a $600 pay and allowance
voucher which, officials declared,
was forged.
Arnett, they said, admitted this
and also told how he used various
assumed names, impersonated an
officer and faked vouchers in 39
similar instances during the last
12 months. Last spring, authorities
said, he obtained $400 from the
finance office at Fort Meade, Md.,
and another $200 at Fort Bel voir, Va.
He had only $4 in his pockets
when arrested, they added.
On arraignment before United
States Commissioner Cyril S. Law
rence today, Arnett made no formal
plea but asked that he be given an
opportunity to retain a lawyer.
Commissioner Lawrence set bail at
$5,000 and continued the case until
10 a.m. Friday.
A Secret Service agent informed
(See FORGERY, Page A-3.)
President Orders
Quick Formation
Of Reserve Units
Forrestal to Report
In 60 Days on Move
To Speed Training
ly the Associated Press
CLARKSBURG, W. Va., Oct.
16. — President Truman an
nounced today he has directed
the Defense Department to “or
ganize all military Reserve units
required for the national se
curity.”
The presidential order requiring
action “without delay,” called for
establishment of “vigorous and pro
gressive reserve training programs,”
It was directed to Defense Secre
tary Forrestal and the heads of the
Armed Service Departments under
him.
The President told Mr. Forrestal
to assign "an actiVe, capable, high
ranking officer” to head the Reserve
program in each department of the
National Defense establishment.
Order Signed Aboard Train.
Mr. Truman signed an executive
order aboard his Washington-bound
campaign train shortly before mid
night.
It says the national security re
quires that “Reserve components of
appropriate strength and maximum
effectiveness exist throughout the
Nation.”
In a statement, Mr. Truman said
ihe organized Reserve Corps of the'
Army and Air Force have not made
as rapid progress as other branches
of the service in building up their
postwar strength.
Mr. Forrestal was directed to re
port within 60 days on progress
under the order.
Will Balance National Defense.
The President said his order waa
intended to “give the balance nec
essary to our national defense in its
broadest aspect.”
Presidential Secretary Charles G.
Ross told reporters the order was
not an outgrowth of any new de
terioration of international rela
tions.
“It seems that the Navy and Ma
rines got ahead of the Army and
Air Force in organizing their re
serves,” he said. “This is intended
to obtain a better balance.”
Presidential aides at the Whit*
House in Washington told a report
er that Mr. Truman had no par
ticular numerical goal in mind for
strengthening the reserves.
Hails Navy, Marine Progress.
Mr. Truman paid “particular trib
ute to the progress which has been
made by the Navy Department and
the members of the Naval and Ma
rine Corps Reserve in building up
their postwar reserve organization
and in forwarding their training
programs.”
In much the same way, he said,
the National Guard has “largely
perfected" its postwar organization.
He spoke of its success in recruit
ing.
Progress of the Army and Aiff
(See RESERVES, Page A-3.) '
Truman Due Here at 4 P.M.;
Hits Republican Tax Bill
By Joseph A. Fox
Star Staff Correspondent
ABOARD TRUMAN CAMPAIGN
TRAIN, Oct. 16.—President Truman,
en route back to Washington from
a 3,500-mile campaign trip in the
Midwest, today accused the Repub
licans of trying to “debauch” thi*
election.
Speaking from a platform in front
of the railroad station at Clarks
burg, W. Va., Mr. Truman said the
GOP passed “a rich man’s tax bill”
and now is trying to get contribu
tions from the rich. He exhibited a
West Virginia Republican pamphlet
showing tax savings in various
brackets under the income tax re
duction bill and said it suggested
party contributions out of such sav
ings.
The President, who is due to
reach Washington at 4 o'clock this
afternoon, aimed a jibe at Gov.
Warren, the Republican vice presi
dential nominee, in a speech at
Grafton, W. Va., later today. He
said he was informed that Gov.
Warren had failed to indorse Sen
ator Revercomb, Republican, for re
election on a recent visit to West
Virginia.
“What sort of party is it that
won't indorse its candidates?’’ Mr.
Truman asked.
Says Revercomb Waited Vainly.
He said Senator Revercomb
“waited in vain” for an outright in
dorsement, but that all Gov. Warren
would say was “that he liked the
Eightieth Congress.”
Senator Kilgore, Democrat, of
West Virginia, and Matthew M.
Neely, Democratic candidate for the
Senate against Senator Revercomb,
were on the platform with the
President in Clarksburg./
“I’m just as sure as I stand here
West Virginia is going to do the
right thing on election day,” Mr.
Truman said. He added that if
everybody votes, he isn't worried
about the outcome.
With only a 36-hour respite in his
campaign, Mr. Truman will fly to
Miami Monday for a “nonpolitical’*
speech to the American Legion con
vention. He will arrive in Raleigh,
N. C., late that day for two speeches
there Tuesday.
The President ended a flve-State
sweep in-Indianapolis last night. His
six-day tour brought his total of
campaign speeches to 216. With 15,
458 miles behind him and 7,000 miles
to go, Mr. Truman insists at every
appearance that "we are going to
win.” t
In Indianapolis, he pounded heav
ily on the “fear” motif, warning ^
big Democratic rally that a Republi
(See TRUMAN, Page A-3.)
Johnston Flying Back
LONDON, Oct. 16 UP).—Eric John
ston, president of the Motion Pic
ture Association of America, left by
American Overseas Airlines plana
this afternoon for New York, end
ing an extended European tour.

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