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CIO Utility Union
Ousts Officers Of Four Locals Suspensions Follow Charge of Infiltration Of Reds in California i Acting to counter what was saio to be Communist infiltration into four California locals, the Utility Workers’ Union of America, CIO. today authorized the union’s Execu tive Committee to suspend the of ficers of the four local unions. The Utility Workers’ Union is holding its convention in the Wash ington Hotel. Suspended officers of the locals would be given hearings as pro vided in the union constitution. The union’s Executive Committee was empowered to appoint admin istrators for the locals in the place of officers suspended. The union also adopted a declara tion of policy carrying indorsements of President Truman and Senator Barkley, it asked repeal of the Taft-Hartley Law and stated its op position to all candidates who voted for that act. The four California locals which were said to have been infiltrated by Communists are in San Francisco,! Redwood City, Martinez and Santa Rosa. “Rotten Apples in Barrel." Qne California delegate speaking on the resolution for summary ac-1 tion in the cases of the four locals, said: “We are not Communists in Cali fornia. But we have some rotten apples in the California barrel.” Another Californian said the sign ing by the national officers of non Communists affidavits helped the union on the West Coast to get rid of Communists "The Reds fear only the FBI,” he aaid. "They’re shrewd and they sell their program, come hell or high water. The non-Communist affi davit was the straw that broke the camel’s back.” He said in one union the officers announced they had signed the affi davits, but they filed them with the business agent of the union and not with the National Labor Relations Board. Price Controls Asked. The convention also adopted a resolution calling for restoration of price controls, a minimum wage of *1 an hour for employes in the light and power industry and a 70 per cent increase in Social Security benefits to compensate for living cost increases. Senator Pepper. Democrat, of Florida, was to address the conven- j tion this afternoon. James B. Carey, national CIO secretary-treasurer, in an address yesterday, charged Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio, fcith “trying to Sovietize American trade unions by bringing them under Government regulations” He declared both the Senator and Representative Hartley, Republican, of New Jersey, are try-: Ing to make unions in the United; States as impotent a? those in the: Soviet Union. Takes Slap at Lewis. Mr. Carey quoted Mr. Hartley as, saying, in a new book, that the! Taft-Hartley Act is just the begin-1 ning and that the Republicans were finable to complete their antilabor; program, because this is an election year. John L. Lewis, United Mine Work ers’ leader, came in for criticism for! Mr. Carey, who declared: “Lewis was only right once in his entire! career, and that was when he sup-! ported Roosevelt in 1936.” He added; the miners are going to support! President Truman and Senator * Barkley. The delegates applauded when Mr. Carey said: "Maybe we won’t j have Dewey as a President, the way things are going.” He urged the members to “get out and vote for the friends of labor.” ’This is no time for the workers of America to sit out an election,” Mr. Carey asserted. New Diabetes Test, Insulin With Fast Action Described A new five-minute blood test developed by the United States Public Health Service to help detect diabetes may be used in a Nation wide drive December 6 to 12 to find thousands of persons who have the disease without knowing it. This screening test, and a new form of one-shot insulin that may be available for public use within: six months, were described here yes- j terday by Dr. Priscilla White of the Joselin-Baker Clinic for Diabetes at Boston. Dr. White, who addressed the Diabetes Association of the District at a meeting in the District Medical Society Building last night, said the new type of insulin, called “NPH-50,” requires fewer injections and has other advantages over two other generally-used types. It is suitable not only for severe cases of diabetes but also for children, because it is quicker in blood sugar reduction and also carries over longer periods, she explained. The new blood test should be especially valuable for “mas* screen ings ’ to locate diabetes among ap parently well persons, Dr. White said. She added, however, that the test is “not absolutely positive" and should be given in conjunction with a more lengthy blood analysis and a test for sugar in the urine. The American Diabetes Associa tion win sponsor the Nation-wide diabetes detection drive in December. Navy Will Abandon Gray Garb in Year In Favor of Khaki The Navy’s wartime gray uni form, introduced by Admiral Ernest J. King, former Chief of Naval Operations, is being abandoned in favor of khaki. The department announced today that the gray clothing would be tossed aside after a year, during which officers can wear their present supplies out only while on sea duty and Re serves can put them on for short training duties and drills. Dress uniforms will be white for summer, blue for winter. The gold stripes indicating rank must go all the way around the sleeve—not halfway, as they did during the war. National Reveals Gaudy Decor I In Opening as Movie Theater Ballet Dancer Alice Aycock, 17, pins a flower on.Presidential Adviser John R. Steelman at the reopening of the National Theater as Mrs. Steelman watches. —Star Staff Photo. The lights are on again at the National Theater, and they are brighter than when -the old play house was holding forth as the Capital’s sole haven for legitimate drama. It’s motion pictures at the Na tional now—“important” motion pic tures only, the management prom ises. And the once drab tfieater has taken on the gaudiness common to all late-model film temples. The new policy was inaugurated last night with the American pre mier of “The Red Shoes,” an Eng lish production. Klieg lights threw their glare against the building and into the outer lobby. The marquee was flag-bedecked. There were broadcasts and television pickups from the front of the theater. Many Changes. The Women's Advertising Club of Washington sponsored the first showing as a benefit for its welfare projects. The National abandoned its stage show policy with the end of the last season because of an impasse between the management and Ac tors Equity Association, the per formers’ union, over admissions. The operators refused to adopt the non-segregation policy demanded by Equity. Handbills urging patrons to pro test the change were passed out in front of the theater last night by the “Council for Civil Rights in the Nation's Capital.” Many changes have been made in the conversion from stage shows to cinema. Once inside and seated, however, National patrons will feel at home. The seats are the same and the general appearance of the auditorium has not been altered drastically. There are new pastel stage hangings and the entire house has been repainted. The new screen has been mounted at an angle to receive pictures with out distortion from the projection booth above the second balcony. A fabric covering has been stretched across the orchestra pit. Most startling-change is in the lounges on the mezzanine. Chinese decor has been adopted. Bright colors are everywhere—in lamps, rugs, chairs, wallpaper. Red flow ered carpeting covers the stairways, main lobby and landings. Plate Glass Doors. Linoleum tile has been laid in the outer lobby. The front of the house has been dressed up with heavy plate glass doors and chromium frames for the poster panels. The projection room has been renovated and projecting equipment of the newest type installed. Until shortly before last night’s re-opening, workmen were busy completing the remodeling. There is little about the theater now to recall that there, and in predecessor playhouses on the same site, the traditions of the speaking stage were preserved for more than a century. The sound track and the flickering shadows have broken the spell, which such as E. H. Sothern, Julia Marlowe. Joe Jefferson, Maude Adams, Mrs. Leslie Carter and stars of more recent days joined in weaving. 4 Rezoning Petitions Approved, 3 Denied In Bethesda Area The Montgomery County Commis sioners have approved four rezon ing petitions and denied three. All are in the Bethesda area. They also have scheduled 12 ap plications for zoning changes in the Silver Spring-Takoma Park area for November 16 in tne Silver Spring Liquor Dispensary Building. A 13th petition will be heard December 7 in the Betesda County Building. The zoning petitions approved are: Covington Motor Co., Inc., resi dential A to commercial D of land on the north side of Elm street near Wisconsin avenue. B. & O. Petition Granted. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, resi dential A to commercial D of prop erty adjacent to the Covington Motor Co. tract. Thomas E. Hampton, two pe titions for the reclassification from residential A to commercial D of property on the eouth side of Cor dell avenue in the Woodmont sub division. Those denied were: Cnarles L. Cooley, jr„ residential A to commercial D of one and a half acres at MacArthur boulevard and Potomac road. John S. Bigelow, residential A to commercial D of two lots on the north side of Cordell avenue near Old Georgetown road. James C. Dulin, residential C to commercial D of about three acres at Bradley boulevard and Arlington road. Petitions to be Heard. Nov. 16. Applications to be heard beginning at 2:30 p.m. November 16 in Silver Spring are: Deborah S. Weaver, residential A to commercial D of pioprety at No. 2 Syc amore avenue. Takoma Park. Elizabeth S Dowell, residential A to commercial D of 4 Sycamore avenue. Earl H and Rose E. Burdine, residen tial A to commercial D ol tt Sycamore avenue. Phil D Poston, agent for Prances Peck, residential C to commercial D of OOI Pershing drive. Silver Spring. Fred W. and Harriet R. Jones, rest aential A to commercial D of property in tbe 31100 block of Georgia avenue. Silver Spring. Sinclair Refining Co., two petitions for reclassification from residential C to com n}erclal D of 731 Gi»t avenue, and 8719 Old Bladensburg read. Silver Spring. Esterlene Bell, residential C to com mercial D of 7710 Blair road. 8ilver Spring. William T. and Mary C. Bowman, resi dential A to commercial D of land on Georgia avenue about one-third mile north of Norbeck. Helen c. Mejia, residential A to com mercial D of lour acres along Georgia avenue about one-fourth of a mile north of Norbeck. Earl A. and Dallas K. Blundon. resi dential A to commercial D of a lot at Viers Mill road and Ennalls avenue, Wheaton. , J- T. Athcy, residential A to commer I clal D of land at the Intersection of the Burtonsville and Laurel roads ai Burtons vllle. The Bethesda hearing at 2:30 p.m. De cembei , will be on an application by Samuel E Boglpy for the reclassification from residential A to commercial D of property at Old Georgetown road and j Greentree road. 6,000 at 'Mt. Pleasant Night' A crowd estimated by the sponsors at 6,000 persons turned out last night for the annual "Mount Pleasant Night” outdoor party of the Mount * Pleasant Businessmen’s Association, It was held at Park road and Mount Pleasant street N.W. Auto of Couple Slain In Maryland Brought •Here for Study by FBI FBI laboratory experts today were examining blood-stained seats, win dow bullet holes and, sandy marks in the automobile of John H. Mahlan, Glen Bumie <Md.) postal clerk, who was murdered with his 18-year-old friend. Miss Mary C. Kline, last month. The car was driven here yesterday from the Anne Arundel County police headquarters garage. Five glass jars filled with earth and sand from several sections of the county also were turned over to FBI agents. County police indicated techni cians will compare the deposits with earth and sand that formed a foot print in the rear of the automobile when it was found four weeks ago today in a bean patch off the Old Annapolis road, three miles from Glen Burnie. Bodies of the 25-year-old postal1 clerk and Miss Kline were found three days later west of Annapolis, about 12 miles from where the car was discovered. Both had been shot in the head. An FBI spokesman said he did not know how long the examination would require. Whatever report is made will be given only to county police, he said. While county police continued questioning two Negroes taken into custody Thursday night in Annap olis, Chief John H. Souers disclosed that two white men were being sought for questioning. He refused to say what connection they had with the investigation. D. C. Population Density 38,212 a Square Mile The latest population figures re leased by the Census Bureau a few weeks ago show Washington has a population of 38,212 persons per square mile, District officials have figured out. The latest figures issued by the Census Bureau show Washington with an estimated population of 893,000. The District area of slightly more than 69 square miles contains 30, 907 acres, exclusive of streets, alleys, and land under water, according to Edward A. Dent, District Assessor. The greater part of this land does not bring in taxes because it is owned by the Federal Government, the District, churches and other organizations that are exempt by law. The taxable property in the Dis trict consists of about 23.5 square miles. The Federal property com prises about 20.36 square miles, while the District owns about 1.66 square miles. The land owned by churches and other buildings which are exempt, by law is 2.76 square miles. The land used for streets, alleys and under water is about 21 square miles. < According to Mr. Dent, who keeps , his records in acreage, the taxable , area in the District is 15,046 acres or 48.7 per cent of the entire land. Settlement Seen Near in Phone Wage Dispute Long-Lines Workers Tentatively Accept Offer of 9.3 Cents A wage dispute between long lines telephone workers and the American Telephone & Telegraph Co. appeared on the way to settle ment today. The number of long-lines workers in Washington varies, but there are usually about 400 workers here, ac cording to a spokesman for the Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Co. Negotiators representing 25,000 long-lines workers yesterday accept ed tentatively an A. T. & T. offer of a 9.3-cent average hourly wage raise. The employes are members of the CIO American Union of Tele phone Workers. John J. Moran, head of the union, said the offer was subject to the approval of the unions’ Executive Board, which will meet Monday. Workers Average $1.25. According to an A. T. & T. spokes man the 9.3-cent raise would mean an average of 12 cents an hour more for plant workers, 9 cents for traffic operators and 8 cents for clerical employes. The union said that workers in 41 States and the District now av erage $1.25 an hour. The last re ported union demand was for an across-the-board increase of $6 a week. z The company said settlement at the current offer, plus overtime and differential pay, would cost moie than $5,000,000 a year. Meanwhile, there were no moves in the wage negotiations between the Chesapeake & Potomac company and two divisions of the Communi cations Workers of America (inde pendent) in Washington. The workers have rejected a com pany offer of $2 to $4 weekly in creases for 3,000 traffic department employes and $2 to $6 more for about 3,200 craft employes of the plant department. Cites Other Raises. Mrs. Mary E. Gannon, president of the union's Division 50, repre senting the traffic workers, said the company, while making no accept able offer to the workers, had raised salaries of supervisory workers by upwards of $5 a week. A spokesman for the company said, “We don’t believe any increases to supervisory people have any bear ing on wage negotiations or offers that have been made.’’ There has been talk of a strike but one is not considered imminent. In Atlanta negotiations between the Southern Bell Telephone Co. and the CWA broke down early to day. Neither side said it saw much hope of a settlement. In Chicago, however, a Federal mediator announced settlement of a wage dispute which had threat ened to cripple service in downstate Illinois and Northwestern Indiana. A three-week series of "spot” walkouts in Michigan ended as tele phone union leaders in Detroit pledged a four-day truce at the re quest of Gov. Kim Sigler. 2 Titles in D. C. Bridge Play Won by Charles C. Johnson Charles C. Johnson won two titles yesterday in the annual District contract bridge tournament at the Hotel Roosevelt. Paired with Miller S. Roberts in the men’s single-session afternoon event, Mr. Johnson scored again last night by leading the mixed pair field with Mrs. Lillian Krick. The new mixed pair champions maintained the strong lead estab lished in the initial round Thurs day night, finishing 29 match points ahead of the runners-up, Mr. and. Mrs. J. R. McGhee. All are Wash ington residents. Mrs. S. Newman and Mrs. Isadore Zeskind of Baltimore captured the women’s title yesterday afternoon. Mrs. T. M. Boyle and Mrs. M. R. Reddy of Washington, who led in the first session, dropped to third position in the finals. The four-day tourney continued with a two-session open pair match today. There will be team-of-four contests tomorrow, concurrent with the metropolitan pair events for The Evening Star Trophy. Traffic Violation Brings 6 Charges, $100 Fine Passing through a red light at Fourteenth and U streets N.W. led to a series of six traffic charges and $100 in fines, although Henry P. Sturdavint scarcely moved from the point where the first violation oc curred. Questioning the man, who is 32, colored, and lives in the 600 block of U street N.W., Traffic Policeman A. W. Anderson learned enough to place the following charges against Sturdavint: Passing the red light, operating after suspension of per mit, driving on dead tags, improper lights on his car, failing to show change of address on his suspended permit and having no registration card. Judge George D. Neilson imposed sentence. Two Holdup Men Rob House Painter of $45 A house painter, Emil J. Venz, 60, of 229 Rock Creek Church road N.W., was robbed of $45 last night by two holdup men as he was walking home. Mr. Zenze, who said the money was payment for a painting Job, de scribed the men as colored, about 20 years old and weighing about 150 pounds. A robbery was reported also at the Safeway Store, 2930 Georgia avenue N.W., where a customer grabbed $70 from an open cash register and fled. Charles Rice, 51, a checker at the store, said the customer was a col ored man about 21 years old. Mrs. Farrington Heads Women's G. 0. P. Clubs Mrs. Joseph R. Farrington, wife of Hawaii’s delegate to Congress, was elected president of the Na tional Federation of Women's Re publican Clubs yesterday at the or ganization s annual convention in St. Paul, the Associated Press re ported. She succeeds Mrs.. Addison B. Green of Holyoke, Mass., and will take office January 1. Mrs. Far rington also is president of the League of Republican Women of Washington. Trustees Elect Jelleff as First UCS President Study of Broader Public Representation Voted After Defeat Frank R. • Jelleff was elected first president of United Community Services, as the new central welfare organization virtually completed its organization yes-. terday at a meet ing of its Board of Trustees in the YWCA. Mr. Jelleff, prominent busi nessman and civic leader, was voted into office by the board shortly after it rejected a pro posal to broaden its public repre sentation by add ing 38 new mem bers who are not Mr. Jelleff. affiliated with .any member agency. UCS has absorbed the functions of the Washington Community Chest and the Council of Social Agencies. It is the Washington member of the Community Chest Federation, now in the midst of a fund drive to support many agency members of UCS, Other officers elected with Mr. JellefI to lead UCS in its first year include: William J. McManus, first vice president: Mrs. Theodore O. Wedel, third vice president: Charles C. Glover, 3d, secretary, and Alfred H. Lawson, treasurer. The post of second vice president remains to be filled. 18 Elected to Committee. Eighteon members were also elected to the 25-member Executive Com mittee in addition to officers. The move to increase the board membership to achieve a balance between members affiliated and non-affiliated with any agency was offered to the trustees for approval as an amendment to UCS by-laws. The proposal earlier had been ap proved by the so-called Interim Committee, headed by Mr. Mc Manus, which has had the task of setting up the new UCS out of the two older organizations. The In terim Committee, in turn had acted on the strong plea of Chest Fed eration campaign officials that the action be taken to satisfy critics of UCS who might endanger the suc cess of the money-raising drive. Opponents of the proposed amend ment branded it a move “to sepa rate the sheep from the goats,’ challenged the authority of the In terim Committee to amend the UCS by-laws and protested that not enough time had been given the trustees to study the proposal. Immediately after the proposal was defeated, however, opponents joined with proponents to recom mend that the Executive Committee study the possibility of enlarging the membership of the board without re gard to agency affiliation. Trustees Elected Annually. Under the present UCS setup, trustees are elected annually • by a general assembly which meets once or twice a year. Mr. McManus is an official of the Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Co. Mrs. Wedel is a member of the Board of Public Welfare and the wife of the Rev. Theodore O. Wedel, canon of the Washington Cathedral: Mr Glover is an attorney and Mr. Lawson is president of the Washing ton Loan & Trust Cq. Eight members elected to the Executive Committee by virtue of their chairmanship of standing com mittees are Mrs. Pearl B. Klein, administration: John W. Thompson, jr., public relations: Robert W. Wil son, budget: Miss Cecil Lester Jones, family and child welfare; Mrs. Blanche La Du, corrections: Dr. Winfred Overholser, health and hos pital; Duane Paul, recreation, and Mrs. Isabelle Ward, neighborhood councils. The 10 other members chosen were Col. Julius Peyser, attorney; Miss Jane Hoey, official of the Bureau of Public Assistance of the Social Security Board; Lee D. Butler, busi nessman; C. F. Preller, Central La bor Union leader; Benjamin Striner of the Federation of Businessmen’s Associations, Clifford H. Newell of the Federation of Citizens’ Associa tions, Hugh Duffield, Sears Roe buck official; Herman Neugass, offi cial of Lansburgh’s Department Store; W. W. Everett, jr., official of Woodward <fe Lothrop, and Col. Campbell Johnson of the Office of Selective Service Records. Services Explain Policy On Accrediting Reporters The national military establish ment said today it did not assume the right to make loyalty checks on reporters covering the military. A spokesman said its proposal to compile a new list of accredited reporters was intended to expedite the issuance of such credentials if they are needed in a hurry, but that accreditation was not required for admission to any installation open to the public. “Part of the process of accredita tion involves a loyalty check, which i is undertaken at the specific and written request of the news organi zation which employs the reporter,” the spokesman said. The American Newspaper Guild’s International Executive Board in quired about the plan yesterday. Members expressed apprehension lest loyalty checks might be used by an employer as a reason for dis charging an employe. Official Urges Revision Of Immigration Law The immigration law, on the book? 24 years, is badly in need of overhauling, Edward J. Shaughnessy, special assistant to the Immigration Commissioner, told members of the Order of Sons of Italy yesterday at a meeting in the Hotel Washington. One revision which has been sug gested to Congress, he said, is that unused quotas be re-allocated to countries which have filled their quotas. • Nicholas H. Petruzelli, a Com merce Department economist, said immigration from Italy would help the Marshall Plan. A peculiar fea ture of Italy’s economy, he said, was that remittances from immigrants to North and South America has al ways been an important element in its foreign exchange. Leonard H. Pasqualicchio, Wash ington real estate man, was chair pinn» Proverb-Quoting Bus Driver Receives Candy for Courtesy /Junior Board Notes Lack of Horn Blowing In Making Award A “please,” a “thank you” and a minimum of horn tooting won a Capital Transit Co. bus driver a courtesy award from the Junior Board of Commerce. The driver, Leo W. Potter, is full of proverbs and knows how to put them to use. He was given a box of candy by the junior board’s Traffic and Safety Committee, celebrating National Sweetest Day, in co-opera tion with the Nation’s candy manu facturers. Representatives of the board are out today, looking for other courte ous drivers. A caravan of 10 cars left the Peace Monument, at Second street and Pennsylvania/ avenue N.W., this morning and are cruising the city, giving the candy to per sons spotted being courteous. Jody Miller, "Miss Washington” of 1948, is among those distributing the candy. Mr. Potter received his gift from Charles H. Burton, chairman of the Traffic and Safety Committee. “Courtesy is a trump card.” “What’s worth doing is worth doing right.” These are among the say ings the 42-year-old bus driver tries to carry out as he drives between Green Meadows, Md., and Twelfth and Quincy street N.E. He has received a number of com mendations from appreciative bus riders during his 14 years with the company. LEO W. POTTER. —Star Staff Photo. "If you treat people well, they’ll treat you well,” Mr. Potter philoso phizes. “I know almost all of my passengers. I say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ to them, and they ap% predate it.” There are only two things about bus driving that stretch his cour tesy, he says. One is when people give him wadded transfers and he has to straighten them out, and the other is when he is a passenger on a bus or streetcar. "Most streetcar and bus drivers make me nervous when I ride with them,” said Mr. Potter, who lives at 1447 Oak street N.W. Anti-Tootling in Other Cities Shows D.C. Law Can Curb Horns Unless Washington motorists are a different breed from those of other cities at home and abroad, there is no reason to suppose police can’t stop unnecessary horn blow ing here for good. Anti-tootling ordinances, the rec ord shows, have been successfully enforced for long periods in many other cities, and there are whole foreign countries where, in obedience to national laws, no citizen would think of blowing his horn except for a real emergency. Washngton is not a noisy city for lack of sporadic reform attempts. There have been many antihonking “campaigns” and “drives” here. All of them resulted in short, sharp in creases in the number of horn honk arrests. Each time normal bedlam was restored within a few n;ap]fe Last Drive in 1941. The last full-fledged “drive” against unnecessary use of auto horns took place here in 1941. In less than two months, police ar rested 295 offenders. The peak week produced 72 arrests. The whole busi ness was speedily forgotten, how ever; in all of 1945, there were only 76 arrests, although tootling was rampant. In the first eight months of this year, there have been 125 arrests. This time, according to Inspector Arthur E. Miller, it is going to be a different story. Chief of the Police Department’s traffic division, Inspector Miller says he now is in augurating not an anti-noise “crack down” drive of the familiar type, but rather a permanent effoft to keep his men reminded of the local law on horns, and of their duty to enforce it. Among American cities which prove it can be done, perhaps the most outstanding example is Mem phis, Tenn. Boss Ed Crump orders the elimination ,of tootling there early in the recent war and there reportedly has been no letdown since. In nearly every block, signs remind the motorist of the city’s anti-honking ordinance, which is no more severely phrased than ours. And the police see to it that Mr. Crump has a quiet city in which to live. The experience of New York City likewise has shown the possibilities of noise control where police are alert to the law. New York got excited about the pandemonium in its streets in 1935. The city govern ment organized a potent Noise Abatement Committee. Police served offenders with more than 20,000 summonses and nearly 300,000 warn ings. The lasting result is exemplified by the fact that; last year, New York was ranked 63rd among noisy Amer ican cities by a sound laboratory con ducting street-comer tests. Wash ington ranked sixth. Success in curbing the motorist's hom-honking propensities appears to depend more on the attitude of the police and the judges than it does on the severity of penalties which may be imposed on offenders. In Memphis and New York, fines legally may range up to $50. In Dallas, Tex., another quiet city, the ceiling is $100. Here, however, a person convicted of excessive tooting theoretically could receive a $300 fine, or 10 days in jail, or both. In this country, the South seems to have taken the lead in effectively outlawing the tootler. Columbia, S. C., is %ne town in which he ap pears to be virtually extinct. Mussolini Curbed Honking. In the foreign field, the first large-scale experiment in the curb ing of traffic noises was conducted on a national scale in Italy, under Mussolini’s regime. The law was “proclaimed” December 14, 1934. Fpr one week the police issued warnings to offenders. Then they started handing out tickets, even to tourists. The significance of the experi ment was that, tor three years thereafter, there was a drop in traf fic deaths in Italy of about 1,000 per year. A dictatorship form of govern-, ment does not, however, appear to be a prerequisite to the successful control of unnecessary traffic noises. Sweden rigidly prohibits non-emer gency hom blowing in the cities. So did Romania, before the war. Many foreign cities — Havana, Cuba and Paris, Prance, are two examples—successfully enforce rules against hom blowing at night. Such an ordinance was tried out for a few years in Washington during the early 1930s, but the experiment was unsuccessful. 2 Committeemen Quit; As Fairfax Democrats Purge Truman Foes By Alex R. Preston The Fairfax County Democratic Executive Committee last night called on any of its members who refuses to support President Tru man’s re-election to resign. Two of them did. “That man Thurmond is more of a Democrat than President Tru man,” was the immediate protest of James Byrnes. McLean real estate dealer, the first to quit. After passage of the resolution a further explanation was given. Committee members who work for the election of Gov. Thurmond of South Carolina, States’ Rights can didate for President,, were to resign, it was explained. “Then I submit mine,” was the quick rejoinder of Paul L. Sweeney, a Washington lawyer who lives in McLean. Nether of them left the Circuit Court room in the Fairfax County Courthouse until after the meeting adjourned, however. To Await Ruling. Chairman W. Franklin Gooding of Vienna, announced he would not accept the resignations until he ob tained a ruling from the chairman of the 8th District Democratic Com mittee on the validity of the resolu tion. The district chairman is Gardner L. Boothe, Alexandria at torney. John A. K. Donovan, Falls Church attorney, was the author of the reso lution inviting resignations from members who refused to support the straight party ticket. Mr. Donovan was in the forefront of those who “took a walk” from the Democratic State Convention last summer when State Chairman G. Alvin Massenburg railroaded Gov. Tuck’s anti-Truman resolution ! through to adoption. After last night’s meeting, Mr. Donovan commended Mr. Byrnes and Mr. Sweeney for their “hon esty” in publicly making known their position. Mr. Byrnes said “more will follow” him in taking a walk. Many Watch Meeting. James E. Durant, former Falls Church Town'councilman, acted as secretary. He said only 17 of the 63 Executive Committe members were present although the courtroom was nearly filled with spectators in terested in the campaigns of both President Truman and Gov. Thur mond. The meeting had been quietly an nounced in advance as promising "fireworks.” Controversial as the' issues were, there were no heated exchanges on the floor. Court's Authority Cited In Baltimore 'News Gag' Contempt Case A bill of particulars filed at Bal timore shows that contempt pro ceedings against five Maryland ra dio stations which broadcast re ports about a murder case are based on a court’s “general power and authority” to assure fair trials, as well as the Baltimore court’s much discussed “news gag" rule. 0 The particulars were detailed in; papers filed yesterday by the State’s! Attorney’s office. They had been requested by the defendant radio; stations and a news commentator after broadcasts on the arrest of; Eugene H. James, a janitor con victed of the murder of Marsha Brill, “in Baltimore, and indicted for the slaying of Carol Bardwell,” here. Under the Baltimore court rule, the publication of certain informa tion is prohibited in criminal cases before the prisoner is brought to trial. The prphibition includes con fessions. 20 Days to Answer. The biil of particulars filed today said the contempt porceedings are based not only on the court’s rule, but also “upon a general power and authority of the court to issue citations f&r contempt for the pro tection of the prisoner’s rights to a fai^ trial.” The defendants are the Maryland Broadcasting Co., operator of Sta tion WITH, and its commentator, James P. Connelly; the Baltimore Radio Show, Inc., operating Station WFBR; the Baltimore Broadcasting Corp., operating WCBM; Hearst Radio, Inc., operating WBAL, and Sidney H. Tinley, jr., owner of WSID. Mr. Tinley, Incidentally, has challenged the court to show why It has authority over his sta tion, located outside the Baltimore city limits. The defendants have 20 days more to answer the contempt citations, which were issued by Judges Emory H. Niles and John T. Tucker. Extension of ‘Gag’ Opposed. An extension of the Baltimore “gag” rule to all courts of Mary land Is under consideration by the Maryland- Court of Appeals, but that proposal is being opposed by newspapers, broadcasters and affili ated groups. Tne court has deferred sentencing James pending disposition of his motion for a new trial in the Brill case. The Bardwell murder trial has not been scheduled. Ex-Big Gambler, 2 Others Held After 3 Raids William P. Moses And Woman Granted Delay in Hearings Three persons, including a man described by police as one of the biggest gamblers In the city during the 1930s, were booked in Municipal Court today, after their arrest on gambling charges yesterday. Two were granted continuances. Arrested in the rear of a poolroom in the 1300 block of Fourteenth street N.W. by Vice Squad detectives and charged with setting up a gam ing table was William P. Moses, 58, who gave police his address as 65 M street N.W. He was released His case was continued to Wednesday by Judge Walter J. Casey Vice Squad Lt. Roy Blick said Moses, a convicted gambler, used to be one of Washington's biggest operators in horse-race betting. In the raid, made after under cover men said they observed a man place a bet with Moses, police found a telephone, two radios and a quantity of numbers slips and bet books, Lt. Blick added. Horace E. Butcher, 30, colored, of the 500 block of E street N.E., was arrested at Georgia avenue and Har vard street N.W. and charged with operating a lottery and possession of numbers slips, after police said they saw another person place a bet with him. Pound on Butcher were run-down tape slips for keep ing accounts and a bet book, police said. His case was to come up in court later today. In a raid at the home of Mrs. Dorothy M. Johnson, 36, colored, of the 1700 block of -Seaton place N.W, police found numbers slips and a bet book on Mrs. Johnson, they said. She was charged with operating a lottery and possession of numbefa slips. Her case was continued to Tues day by -Judge Casey. Butcher and Mrs. Johnson were released under $1,500 bond each. Two in Assembly Back Montgomery Charter Two members of the all-Repub lican Montgomery County delegation to the General Assembly today an nounced their support of the pro posed county charter. They are State Senator Roy Tasco Davis of Silver Spring and Mrs. Leona Rush of Chevy Chase. Both said they supported the first charter, which was proposed in 1944, adding that their support of the newly proposed* charter “re affirmed" their earlier positions. The 1944 charter was defeated. Senator Davis declared "that, “I see no reason to change my previous position on the charter, which I consider to be a nonpartisan issue, and I will vote for it at the coming election.” Mrs. Rush said that “while the charter does not answer all of the problems of Montgomery County at this time, I feel very strongly that it is a step in the right direc tion.” She recalled that she worked for repeal of the Lindsey law at the 1947 session of the General Assembly at the request of the Charter Com mittee. The Lindsey law, which is still on the statute books, prohibits non partisan election of councilmen in any county having charter form of government. x Chafelain Urges Sales Tax In Talk Before Shriners Leon Chatelain, jr„ president of th* Board of Trade, continued that organization’s advocacy of a 2 per cent sales tax in a talk yesterday at the Almas Temple Club, 1315 k street N.W. Without a sales tax, he told the Shriners, the real estate tax will have to be raised from the present $2 per $100 assessed valuation to $3. He said a study indicated this would cost the owner of a $6,000 house $60 more in taxes, whereas he would pay only about $25 in sale* taxes. The difference, he said, would be made up by the purchases of out-of-town visitors and subur banites. Two Arrested in Belhesda On Noisy Muffler Charges Bethesda police were continuing their drive against noisy muffler* after two men were convicted in Be thesda Police Court yesterday on charges of having inadequate muf flers on their cars. Suspended sentences were imposed on Calvin F. Huster, 201 Harvard street, Glen Echo, and James L. Iverson, 1002 Flower avenue, Ta koma Park. Police said their car* had mufflers which did not reduce sound adequately._ ' Dr. Reissig to Speak At St. Luke Church The Rev. Frederick E. Reissig, executive secretary of the Wash ington Federation of Churches, will speak at a meeting of the Men of St. Luke Lutheran Church. Coles ville road and Highland drive, Silver Spring, at 8 p.m. Monday Dr. Reissig will talk on “What Christian Laymen are Doing in Europe.” He recently returned from eight months’ service in Geneva a* public relations officer for the Provisional Council of the World Couhcil of Churches. Police Faces Red— Each Push on Brakes Toots Scout Car Horn A policeman's lot is more than unhappy when a scout car horn sounds off against the antihorn-blowing campaign. That happened to two po licemen yesterday. Defective wiring caused the horn of their car let out a blast every time the brakes were applied. They had an uncomfortable as well as noisy half hour be- , fore they reached the police garage. They heaved quiet sighs of relief when they fixed the wires and again were ready to keep their ears open for mo torists who sound horns heed lessly.