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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 07, 1948, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Partly cloudy, cooler today, high about
64. Clear tonight, low about 46. Tomor
row sunny, continued cool. (Full report
on Page A-2.)
Noon ....75 6 p.m.74 11 p.m. ...53
2 p.m.76 8 p.m._71 Midnight .54
4 p.m. ....75 10 pm. ...56 1 a.m. ...64
Home Delivery ~»
The Evening and 8unday 8tar Is
delivered by carrier to all subscribers
at $1.20 per month when 4 Sundays;
$1.30 per month when 5 Sundays.
Night Final edition. $1.30 and $1.40
per month.
Telephone ST. 5000.
_An AssocioTed Press Newspaper
96th Year. No. 312.
WASHINGTON, D. C., NOVEMBER 7, 1948—156 PAGES.
»nd Suburb* TEN CENTS. iftJSBS? .
Fight Is Hopeless, Make Peace,
4 Arab Nations Reported Told
By U. N. Mission Chief of Staff
U. S. Marine General
Said to Have Called
Truce'Dead Duck#
By the Associated Press
PARIS, Nov. 6.—A United Na
tions source said tonight four
Arab governments have been
advised their military position in
Palestine is “hopeless” and that
they had better make peace.
This authoritative informant, who
insisted on anonymity, said Brig.
Gen. William E. Riley, a United
States Marine Corps general and
chief of staff of the United Nations
Truce Mission in Palestine, “minced
no words” in a three-hour confer
ence with Syrian, Egyptian, Leba
nese and Iraq representatives.
The meeting, which took place on
the initiative of Dr. Ralph Bunche,
acting U. N. mediator, was attended
by Dr. Bunche and his deputy,
Henri Vigier, the informant said.
Arabs Make No Commitments.
The source said, “Riley made it
clear that in the opinion of the
people who have to try to work it
the truce now is a dead duck.”
The U. N. informant, who was in
side the conference room, said the
Arab representatives—Adel Arslan
of Syria, Fuad Amoun of Lebanon,
Mahmoud Fawzi of Egypt, and an
agent of Iraq—asked many questions
of Gen. Riley and examined the
maps he produced.
But they committed their gov
ernments in no way.
The source said Gen. Riley made
no specific political proposal, though
the tenor of his talk conveyed the
idea that the Arabs should begin
to think of their relations with the
Jews in terms of an armistice.
It is possible that Israeli repre
sentatives here will participate in
a similar heart-to-heart talk with
Dr. Bunche and his top aides soon.
Peace Reports Denied.
Today’s conference coincided with
reports published in Cairo, but
denied by Trans-Jordan officials
there, that King Abdullah of Trans
jordan already is suggesting a
separate peace between his country'
and Israel.
Gen. Riley was reported to have
told the Arabs that as a military:
man he believes time has come for
the Palestine truce of last July to
be replaced by some more suitable
basis for peace. The Jews, he
pointed out, are in complete control
of Palestine.
He was said to have advised them
It will be difficult if not impossible
for the mediator to administer the
truce much longer—especially if he
has to enforce the Security Coun
cil’s latest order to Israel to with
draw from the strategic positions
she occupied in the Negeb in the'
October 14-21 fighting with the
Egyptians.
To elaborate this order still fur
ther would be to make it even more
unworkable, Gen. Riley was quoted
as emphasizing.
Extension to Be Studied.
The Security Council is to take
up Monday a British move to extend
to all Palestine the call for with
drawal of Jewish troops from posi
tions occupied since the beginning
of the truce.
In effect this would summon
Israel to give up positions she took
in fighting with irregular Arabs in
Northern Galilee a little over a week
ago.
Dr. Bunche, in a report to the
Security Council today, said Israel’s'
troops now occupy 15 villages inside
Lebanon and charged they engaged
in ‘‘extensive and systematic loot
ing.”
The report charged that Israeli
and Arab forces were guilty of a
"grave and inexcusable violation of
the truce" in that fighting which
raged several days along a wide
front.
Dr. Bunche’s report on the fight
ing in Galilee said it was set off
when Arab "liberation” forces led
by Fawzi Bey A1 Kaukji allegedly
tried to prevent Israeli’s forces from
supplying and strengthening their
settlement at Manara on the Leb
anese border in the northeast finger
of Palestine.
U. N. Observers Barred.
He recalled that the U. N. ordered
a cease-fire in the area on October
23 after which Kaukji's irregulars
were to start withdrawing from
heights they had seized. The Arabs
accepted the order, he added, but
the Israeli commander accepted on
the condition that if the Arabs did
not move out within an hour they
would be driven out.
Ten minutes before the cease-fire
order was to become effective, at
1 p.m., Dr. Bunche reported, the
Israelis opened fire with artillery,
(See PALESTINE, Page A-9j
Truman Leading
Total Vote of 3
Top Opponents
Late returns show President Tru
man received more votes than his
other three major opponents com
bined in Tuesday’s presidential elec
tion.
On the basis of returns from 130,
774 voting places out of a total of
135,855, this was the standing last
night:
Truman, 23,667.727.
Dewey, 21.542,581.
Thurmond, 1,005,945.
Wallace, 1,116,379.
The Dgwey-Thurmond-Wallace
vote adds up to 23,664,905, which is
2.822 less than Mr. Truman’s alone.
This was the first time that the
Thurmond States Righter vote
passed the 1,000,000 mark.
The mounting returns pointed to
the second largest total vote in
history. With 5,081 precincts still
missing, the total was 47,332,632.
The record turnout was 49,815,312 in
the Roosevelt-Willkie race of 1940.
Radio Programs, Page C-8
Complete Index, Page A-2
New Congress Favors ECA,
But May Balk on Price Curbs
Survey Also Shows Strong Backing for Taft Act
Repeal and High Support for Farmers
LABOR’S HOPES high for repeal of
Taft-Hartley Act. Page A-6.
SUPREME COURT to hear argu
ments on closed-shop issue this
week. Page A-3.
By th* Associated Press
Strong backing for the Mar
shall Plan, high support prices
for farm products, and repeal of
the Taft-Hartley law are indi
cated in an Associated Press sur
vey of members of the new Con
j gress.
But sentiment runs against giving
the President standby price control
[and rationing powers.
Almost half the men and women
I who will make up the Eighty-first
\ Congress expressed their views on
major questions.
Answers to all or some of the
questions were given by 27 Senators
and 235 Representatives who will
serve in the new Congress. Not all
of them wquld allow their names to
be used, and many were undecided
on some of the questions. Others
qualified their answers.
Many said they reserve the right
to change their opinions if develop
ments between now and the time
for actually voting indicate the need
for a change.
The answers came from all over
the country and reflected a cross
section of congressional thinking
as of today on all four questions.
Boiled down, here are the results:
1. Do you favor farm support at
present levels? One hundred thirty
five Democrats ana 53 Republicans
said they do, several of them advo
cating even higher supports than
the present 90 per cent of parity.
Six Democrats and 10 Republicans
said they are opposed to price sup
ports on basic farm commodities.
Seventeen Democrats and 27 Re
publicans were undecided, although
some of them said they favor letting
support prices drop to 60 per cent
of parity after 1949 as provide in
an act passed by the Eightieth Con
gress.
2. Do you favor giving the Presi
dent power to fix price controls and
allocations? Thirty-five Democrats
and four Republicans said they do.
Twenty-seven Democrats and 76 Re
publicans said they do not. Thirty
seven Democrats and 14 Republicans
weren’t willing to comment.
3. Do you favor repeal of the
(See CONGRESS. Page A-5.i
Forrestal Indicates
He Will Quit Cabinet,
But Doesn't Set Date
Remarks to Cameraman
Another i. Years
Are Nc ?or Him
By John A. Giles
Secretary of Defense Forrestal
does not intend to remain in
President Truman’s Cabinet for
the full four-year term, but the
exact date of his departure re
mained a matter of conjecture
yesterday. • *
His own comment indicated his
probable departure, which has been
rumored since Mr. Truman’s elec
tion campaign in which he took1
little part.
Mr. Forrestal, in Government,
service for eight years and head of1
the huge defense establishment since
September, 1947, was asked at the
White House to pose with Secretary
of the Navy John L. Sullivan. A
photographer, referring to the new
term, said “we are starting another
four years.”
“But not for me,” Mr. Forrestal
said, laughing.
Reporters at the Pentagon, seek
ing an explanation of the laconic
comment, were told by Mr. Forres
tal’s spokesmen several hours later
that he meant:
“He does not intend to remain in
Goverment service for another four
years. There was no other inference
to be drawn from his remark.”.
No Comment on Date.
The spokesmen refused to say
when the defense chief might de
part or whether any decision on a
definite date had been reached.
A source close to the White House
said he ‘‘doubted whether the Presi
dent had made up his mind on any
Cabinet changes, but Mr. Forrestal
is a cinch to quit anytime.”
He added that the White House
had planned to deny reports that
Mr. Truman was displeased with Mr.
Sullivan’s efforts in the campaign
because the latter had been “hurt”
bv such reports. After Mr. Sulli
van left, Press Secretary Charles
G. Ross said that he had come in
to “d^cuss future naval policy” and
he emphasized and repeated the
word future. Mr. Ross also said the
President thanked Secretary Sulli
van for his efforts in the campaign.
Mr. Forrestal told newsmen that
he saw the President for a “general
discussion of world affairs and the
military situation.”
Asked About Resignation.
“Is there any question of your
resignation?” he was asked.
“The President has had my resig
nation on his desk ever since I took
office,” he replied and added that
he did not feel it necessary to “re
iterate” his resignation.
Mr. Forrestal, 56, formerly was
president of the Wall Street bank
fSee FORRESTAL, Page A-8.)
Truman to Fly South
Today for Vacation;
Policy Parley Hinted
McGrath, Barkley and
Others to Confer With
President at Key West
By Joseph A. Fox
President Truman leaves today
for an ostensible two-week “va
cation” at the Submarine Base
at Key West, Fla., but there were
indications yesterday that some
policy discussions with key offi
cials will break into his holiday.
First, it was announced that Sen
ator Barkley of Kentucky, Vice
President elect, would join Mr. Tru
man in a few days. Later, Senator
McGrath of Rhode Island, chairman
of the Democratic National Com
mittee, who managed the victorious,
presidential campaign, called at the;
White House and told reporters he
had been invited to Key West and
expected to go down. Other addi
tions of this caliber were considered
possible, although Press Secretary
Charles G. Ross said he knew of
no such plans.
Taking Large Personal Staff.
The President is taking a large
personal staff, and in about a week,
Mrs. Truman and Miss' Margaret
Truman will go to the "Little White
House.’’
As he was clearing his desk in
anticipation of a 9 a.m. departure
today. Mr. Truman conferred with
a number of his aides, including
Secretary of Defense Forrestal. Sec
retary of the Navy Sullivan, Secre
tary of Commerce Sawyer, Secre
tary of the Treasury Snyder and
Budget Director Webb.
Of the cabinet chiefs, Mr. Sulli
van's visit was the only one on
which any light was thrown.
Mr. Ross said the President
wanted to talk over naval matters
witn him, and also thank the Navy
Secretary for his help in the cam
paign.
McGrath Avoids Comment.
Senator McGrath, who was asked
about the possibilities of cabinet
changes as he emerged front his
meeting with the President, said it
was too early to talk about that.
It was assumed that this particu
(SeeTRUMANTPage A-6.)
Father Saved as 2 Sons.
Drown in Mississippi
By th» Associated Press
PRAIRIE DU CHIENS, Wis„ Nov.
6.—A Prairie du Chien man was
rescued today but his two sons
drowned when waves swamped their
boat on the Mississippi River near
Harper's Ferry, Iowa.
Those who drowned were Charles
Steiner, 26, of Lynxville, Wis.. and
his younger brother, Clement, 19, of
Prairie du Chien. Their father,
| Joseph Steiner, 55, was saved after
1 clinging to the boat for some time.
White House Shut for Repairs,
Banning Formal Social Season
The White House—mecca for
sightseers and heart of Washington’s
social season—has been closed for
extensive repairs and probably will
remain closed throughout the win
ter.
Closing of the Executive Mansion,
announced yesterday, means aban
donment of the White House social
season. Usually, the social schedule
has extended from late fall to Lent.
Yesterday’s announcement said
the White House “will be closed im
mediately to all sightseeing and
social events until further notice.”
No announcement has yet been
made of the living arrangements
of President Truman and his family
while repairs 'are in progress, but
it is thought likely they will move
into Blair House.
Officials said temporary repairs
already have been made in the East
Room, scene of the largest recep
tions, because the ornamental ceiling
has been on the verge of falling. In
one place it sags about six inches.
Pointing out that the building has
been examined by engineers and er
I chitects during the past few months, j
1 a White House announcement yes
jterday said that “extensive repairs
must be made to assure the safety
,of the building.” It added that, “with
jthe consent of Congress, these re
| pairs shall be started at the earliest
possible date.”
The mansion is to be closed "until
further notice.” It was estimated
unofficially that the repairs would
take several months.
White House Architect Lorenzo
Winslow has announced plans to
renovate the entire second floor of
the aged structure at an estimated
cost of between $750,000 and $1,
250,000.
A preliminary study of the build
ing’s condition under a $50,000 ap
propriation showed the White House
constitutes more of a fire hazard
than had been supposed. The
timbers were described as “dry as
tinder.”
Parts of the White House—some
of the outer walls—are more than
150 years old. Most of It Was rebuilt
after the British burned the execu
tive mansion In 1814.
Truman Favors
'Hard-Boiled'
Cut in Budget
Webb Reveals Stand
On 16 Federal Units;
Military Not Included
(Pictures on Page A-5.)
By the Auocioted Frm
President Truman yesterday
approved generally lower bud
gets for 16 departments and
agencies and his budget director
announced:
“We have adopted a hard-boiled
budget policy.”
Budget Director James E. Webb
did not name the 16 departments
and agencies whose estimates for
expenditures in the coming fiscal
year were approved.
He told reporters after a confer
ence with the President, however,
that they did not include the mili
tary services, and constituted only
about one-tenth of the entire con
templated budget outlay.
He said the figures approved yes
terday for the fiscal year which
starts next July 1 are “somewhat
lower” than the current year’s bud
gets.
Will Be Tight as Possible.
“There may be a few cases where
they are higher, but generally speak
ing they will be lower,” he said,
adding that the budget will be made
as "tight as possible in order to get
as nearly as possible to a balance."
However, he would not estimate
the total of the new budget, cr
whether there will be a deficit at
l the end of the present fiscal year.
This year’s budget is $42,200,000,
000. Last August Mr. Truman es
timated there would be a $1,500,
j 000,000 deficit next June 30, because
of the Republican tax cut and other
factors.
"The President’s policies will be
to hold down expenditures to the
lowest possible level which will meet
the needs of the country,” Mr. Webb
said. “When we do that, the ques
tion of whether we have a surplus
or deficit depends on revenue.”
Conforms to Directive.
Although yesterday’s conference
did not concern the military, the
President recently announced that
he has asked the armed services to
trim their original estimates of
around $23,000,000,000 down to $15,
000,000,000, of which $600,000,000
would be for stock-piling strategic
materials.
Mr. Webb said that the estimates
approved yesterday conform to a
directive Mr. Truman sent to all
departments and agencies last July
22. His instructions then were to
plan to continue operations at or
below the current year’s level—"un
less exceptional circumstances clear
ly make this impossible.”
The letter, made public yesterday
for the first time, told the depart
mental officials that “for budgetary
purposes it should be assumed that
(production and employment will
continue high. Prices and wages
[should also be assumed to continue
at about the July-August 1948
levels ”
i Warns Against Deficiency Plans.
The President directed his admin
istrators to cover all foreseeable j
needs, and make no assumptions1
that deficiency appropriations will
be forthcoming to cover deficits.
“Expansion of existing activities
or initiation 'of new ones should
not be contemplated, unless re
quired by law or to meet urgent
needs,” he admonished them.
He also said that Government
power producing and transmitting
projects in shortage areas should
be planned “at an economical rate
which will meet the demand at the
earliest possible date.” New author
ized projects, he said, should be
started “only where the public need
for them is so urgent that it is not
in the national interest to postpone
them.”
Mr. Webb said that the policies
now being followed will be adhered
to in reaching estimates for the
other divisions of Government.
98,256 Non-Red Affidavits
Already Filed With NLRB
By th« Asiociated Prtss
Nearly 100,000 officers of local and
national unions to date have filed
affidavits with the National Labor
Relations Board disavowing com
munism.
The board reported yesterday that
a total of 98,356 of the non-Red
oaths required by the Taft-Hartley
Act had been submitted up to Octo
ber 1. That was 9,234 more than
at the end of August.
The affidavits, together with de
tailed financial data on each union,
are required by the act as a condi
tion for using facilities of the NLRB.
Cooler Weather Forecast
After Record High of 78
Weather more in keeping with the
Christmas decorations going up on
midtown F street was forecast for
Washington tomorrow after the
wannest November 6 on record.
The mercury rose to 78 degrees
shortly after noon yesterday, four
i points above the previous high, set
in 1888.
| Today will be partly cloudy and
cooler, with a high of about 64, the
jforecaster said.
| Clear and still cooler weather will
[follow tonight, with a low around
'45 degrees, and there will be sunny
I skies and continued coolness to
morrow, according to the Weather
Bureau.
Showers swept the city last night,
and a mild thunderstorm was re
ported In nearby Maryland. The
rain was expected to end early to
day.
Four Prince Georges County vol
unteer fire trucks were put into
action to pump water from an exca
vation at the new Bladensburg
shopping center. The county fire
control board at Hyattsville re
ported walls of an adjoining build
ing, occupied by a Peoples Drug
Store, were starting to crack from
the pressure of water In the exca
vation. 4 _>1
--^OURJOB IS T0™1^
J OPERATE SO THAT IT WILL ^
BEfAIR TO INDUSTRY AND FAIR
LABOR. _
G. 0. P. in Congress May Take
Control of Party From Dewey
Sharp Clash Possible on Formation of Policy;
Legislators Have Edge Similar to '45 Position
DEWEY SAYS HE couldn’t quit as
titular leader. Page A-5
By Gould Lincoln
National Republican leader
ship now will revert to the Re
publicans in Congress, in the
opinion of a leader who has
held a high place in party coun
cils and party organization.
Both Gov. Dewey of New York
and his running mate, Gov. Warren
of California, have two more years
in office. Whether they will attempt
to steer the course of the Repub
licans in Congress, and whether they
will be successful if they try, art
questions yet to be answered.
Gov. Dewey declared only yester
day that he has no intention of
renouncing his titular leadership of
the party.
There always la the possibility of
a sharp clash between Gov. Dewey
and the Republican congressional
leaders in the formation of Repub
lican policies during the next two
years. The members of Congress,
however, are in a strategic position.
The position reverts strongly to that
in 1945—when Gov. Dewey was in
Albany and the Republicans were
in the minority in Congress.' The
Republicans in Congress wrote a
declaration of principles at that
time and the party went to the polls
in 1946 and won control of both
houses of Congress*
The record that the Republican
minorities in the Senate and Housed
make in the next two years will,
after all, be the record on which j
the party will have to go to the
polls in 1950, the next congressional
election year. Because of this, Re
publicans in Congress will consider
carefully the selection of their
leadership in the two houses. Later,
(See LINCOLN, Page A-5.)
King George Voters
Approve Bond Issue
To Equalize Schools
Count Is 322 to 245;
J Negroes Cast Only 49
Ballots in Referendum
.
By Alex R. Preston
Star Staff Correspondent
KING GEORGE COURT
HOUSE, Va., Nov. 6.—Voters to
I day approved a $150,000 bond
issue to equalize the Negro school
with the high school for white
children in this county.
A very small percentage of Negro
voters participated in the special
referendum.
Thus, in some measure, King
George County voters came to the
assistance of schobl officials who are
under Federal Court order to pro
vide equal facilities for the two
races.
The officials also must show they
are not in contempt of court for
failing to equalize school facilities
earlier.
The vote was 322 for the bond is
sue and 245 against it.
Negroes Cast 49 Ballots.
This compares with a total of 720
ballots cast in Tuesday's presidential
election. v.
Negroes cast only 49 of today'6
votes.
School Supt. T. Benton Gayle ex
pressed satisfaction with the re
sult of the vote and said that im
mediate steps would be taken for
construction ef new buildings and
other improvements at the King
George Training School for Negroes,
the colored high school.
Part of the money will be used
to double the size of the present
four and one-half acre tract.
Commonwealth’s Attorney Horace
T. Morrison also expressed pleasure
at the result. He is convinced the
county’s case has been greatly
strengthened in Federal Court.
While the people voted! indica
te KING GEORGE, Page A-7J
Textile Union to Demand
10-Cent Woolen Mill Raise
By th» Associated Press
BOSTON, Nov. 6.—The Textile
Workers Union of America, CIO, will
demand a general wage increase of
10 cents an hour for Its 90,000 mem
bers in the woolen and worsted In
dustry, Emil Rieve, union president,
announced today.
The increase would mean a mini
mum wage of $1.15 an hour and
bring straight time average hourly
earnings in union mills to $1.41, Mr.
Rieve said.
Mr. Rieve said the demand was
authorized by 400 delegates repre
senting workers in 160 woolen and
worsted mills in New England, the
Middle Atlantic States and the Mid
Cest. He said the increases, if
anted, would go into effect Feb
ruary 1.
Delegates from cotton and rayon
textile locals will meet tomorrow to
determine whether to reopeh their
contracts for wage increases. Mr.
Rieve said representatives will attend
from New England and the Middle
Atlantic States.
Connaughton Elected
Again as President of
Citizens’ Federation
Vote Is 73 to 55; Babp,
Critical of Campaigning,
Gets Vote of Confidence
John H. Connaughton was re
elected president of the Federa
: tion of Citizens’ Associations last
night as the climax of a cam
paign which was described by
one of the delegates as ‘‘the
rankest in the history of the
federation.”
Mr. Connaughton received 73
votes to 55 for .Ralph W. Donnelly.
Both candidates headed slates,
and there was vigorous electioneer
ing before the voting.
David Babp. for 25 years secre
tary of the organization, was the
delegate who spo.ie bitterly of the
campaigning. He asserted he had
been accused of "having juggled
committee assignments to further
the candidacy of my son-in-law,
Baxter Smith.”
Gets Confidence Vote.
‘‘Every year I have been secretary
it has cost me *250,” Mr. Babp went
on. “Before you vote on me for
secretary tonight I want a vote of
confidence.”
He was accorded the vote unani
mously and later was elected secre
tary for the 26th year. Thus also
was unanious.
After the election of other officers,
breaking the slate headed by Mr.
Connaughton, nominations were
made for The Evening Star Trophy.
Mr. Donnelly was nominated for his
work as chairman of the Member
ship and Credentials Committee in
drafting a constitutional amend
ment providing that the Federation
could not accept as delegates those
who were members of subversive
organizations. He was nominated
by Mrs. Henry A. Bartlett.
Clifford H. Newell then nom
" (See FEDERATIONTPage A-9.) ~
O'Mahoney to Resume
Chairmanship of D. C.
Appropriations Unit
Senator Sdys He Expects
To Continue Work on
District Finances
By Harold B. Rogers
Senator O’Mahoney, Demo
crat, of Wyoming, is expected to
resume his chairmanship of the
District subcommittee of the
Senate Appropriations Commit
tee when the new Congress con
venes January
This became virtually assured last
night, after a review of the Senator's
other commitments.
While he was mentioned earlier
last week as possible chairman in
view of his position as ranking
Democrat on the subcommittee,
there had been some doubt he would
take the post, because of other
heavy responsibilities.
‘‘I have always been personally
interested in the District,” he told
The Star last night, “and always
shall be. I expect to continue my
service on the appropriations sub
committee for the District.”
2 Other Positions Filled.
With Senator O’Mahottey slated
to head the unit handling the city’s
annual budget of more than $100,
000,000, the three principal Senate
posts most vitally affecting the Dis
trict are considered filled now.
Senator Holland, Democrat, of
Florida, is to head the Senate Dis
trict Committee, succeeding Sena
tor Buck, Republican, of Delaware,;
who- was defeated.
Senator Holland's selection fol
lowed decision of Senator Johnston,;
Democrat, of South Carolina, to take
the chairmanship of Civil Service
Commitee instead of the District
committee. He had the choice of
either but could not serve as head
of both.
At the same time it was revealed
that Senator Cain, Republican of
Washington, has resigned his place
on the District committee. In the
last Congress he led the fight for
a District sales tax and age.inst an
income tax.
Subject To Approval.
His secretary. Art Burgess, said
the Senator, as a minority party
member, can serve on only two com
mittees and he is already on the
Public Works and the Banking and
Currency committees.
Committee chairmanships are
subject to approval by the Demo
cratic Steering Committee, but it
was forecast in reliable quarters that
Senator O'Mahoney would be ap
proved for the appropriations com
mittee post.
He will succeed Senator Dworshak,
Republican, of Idaho, who was de
feated for re-election.
A champion of the theory that
the National Capital should receive
a larger payment towards its op
erating costs from the Federal Gov
ernment, Senator O’Mahoney led a
successful fight in the 79th Congress
on this issue, when he was chairman
of the same District subcommittee.
He developed the so-called O’Ma
honey formula for calculating the
Federal payment. Legislation to put
this formula into effect never was
(See D C. COMMITTEES Pg. A-9.)
Husband, 82, Sees Streetcar Kill
Woman,Learns LaterShe Is Wife
Joseph D. McCauley, 82, a retired
Bureau of Engraving employe, saw
a streetcar hit andkill a woman on
Columbia road N.W. yesterday
morning but he didn’t realize she
was his wife.
He finished his morning walk and
returned to his apartment at 1954
Columbia road, two blocks from
the intersection of Mintwood place
where the streetcar pinned the
woman to the pavement. As he
came in the lobby, he told several
of his neighbors about the “terrible
accident.”
Then he went up to his apart
ment, where he and his wife had
lived for more than 15 years, and
waited for her to return from her
morning shopping.
Meanwhile, police had identified
her as Mrs. Caroline D. McCauley,
67, his wife. She was pronounced
dead on the scene by Dr. Carl
Dicksa. of Emergency Hospital, and
her body was removed to the Dis
trict Morgue.
The neighbors learned of the
tragedy before Mr. McCauley did.
They said the elderly man was In
poor health, and all were anxious
to protect him from shock. Miss
Evelyn Dutton, resident mar«. ?r of
the apartment, sought to get in
touch with friends of the couple
best qualified to break the news to
Mr. McCauley.
Meanwhile, the switchboard oper
ator was instructed not to put any
calls through to the McCauley
apartment until his friends had
called on him. The accident oc
curred at about 10:45 a.m.. and it
was two and a half hours later
before a delegation was ready for
the Sask.
Friends said the McCauleys had
no relatives here, and had lived
quietly to themselves since Mr. Mc
Cauley’s retirement.
Police said the driver of the street
car was William F. Watson, 51, of
1019 B street N.E. Mr. Watson told
them Mrs. McCauley stepped in
front of the streetcar and that he
applied the brakes as he saw her
but it was too late.
Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald
said last night that an inquest would
be held early this week.
Senators Urge
Higher Pay for
Top U. S. Jobs
Subcommittee Also
Proposes Increase for
D. C. Commissioners
By J. A. O'Leary
Pay increases for the Cabinet,
the District Commissioners, and
more than 200 top-ranking offi
cials of independent Government
boards were recommended unan
imously yesterday by a three
man Senate subcommittee.
These officials, whose salaries now
range from $10,000 to $15,000 a year,
would be raised to various levels
between $15,000 and $20,000 by the
tentative draft of a bill made public
last night by the subcommittee
members.
The subcommittee is composed of
Senators Flanders of Vermont and
Baldwin of Connecticut, Republi
cans, and O’Conor of Maryland,
Democrat. It plans two or three
days of hearings in December, in
time to prepare a anal report before
the new Congrecs meets Jaunary 3.
In addition to Federal depart
ment heads, the bill would raise the
salaries of the District Commission
ers from $10,000 to $16,500 a year.
Their pay was raised from $9,000 to
$10,000 in 1945.
District Employes Left Out.
i When Congress was voting a pay
increase for the rank and file of
Federal employes last June, these
] salary increases for top-ranking of
ficials were included in the original
bill, but were eliminated before it
passed. The pay increases in the
June law were a flat $330 for the
rank and file in the Federal clas
sified service, and $450 each for
Postal workers.
It was recalled yesterday nearly
all District Government employes
| were left out of the general pay in
crease in June, because Congress got
into a squabble over the local sales
tax needed to raise the required
additional revenue, and failed to
pass it.
The subcommittee also indicated
on overhauling of the Federal Clas
sification Act was in prospect. This
project, which probably would mean
general increases in the pay of
Federal workers, is reported looked
upon favorably by members of the
subcommittee.
It is intended to include merger
of the various classification groups
into one system.
In a press conference yesterday,
Senator Flanders said:
“I think we’ve got to find more
money for the District Government.
I don’t think they (the District
workers! should be treated any dif
ferent from all the others.”
Presidential Raise Urged.
Although the bill does not apply
to the President and Vice President,
Senator Flanders said he personally
thinks their salaries also should be
higher. The President gets $75,000
a year and the Vice President, $20,
000. He said that question may
come up at the hearings, but the
tentative bill is confined to ap
pointed officials as distinguished
from those holding elected offices.
Asked if he thought the presenta
tion of this top-level pay bill would
give rise to suggestions for another
review of Federal salaries generally.
Senator Flanders said he could not
prophesy as to that.
In their formal statement, how
ever, the three subcommittee mem
bers made it clear their purpose is
to k£ep the salary issue for depart
ment heads entirely separate from
any other changes. The statement
reads, in part:
“This proposed bill should have
top priority in the Cbngress next
■ January. We want to emphasize
jthat other bills to strengthen the
Federal service by overhauling the
Federal Classification Act and other
personnel laws, but co-ordinated as
to pay scales with the proposed bill,
are being prepared for introduction
next January. Separate hearings
will be held later on these subjects.
"However, it appears desirable to
separate the two types of pay legis
lation in order to make possible
speedy action on a bill designed to
assist the administration in bringing
top management personnel to Wash
ington.”
Flanders Cites Inequity.
In explaining the need for this
legislation. Senator Flanders said
one result of the general pay in
crease law of last June was to in
crease the pay of some subordinate
officials above the salaries of their
superiors, who got no increase. It
gave rise to instances, he said, where
subordinates who had been at the
$10,000 level were getting $380 more
than their bosses.
Besides cabinet officers, the cate
gories covered by the bill are: As
sistant secretaries, and undersecre
taries of the executive departments,
heads and assistant heads of inde
pendent agencies, members of in
(See PAY, Page A-6.)
Terps, G. W. Win;
Penn, Go. Tech,
Baylor Defeated
Four of football’s top teams were
toppled from the ranks of the un
beaten and untied in a day of stun
ning upsets yesterday.
Pennsylvania lost to Penn State,
13 to 0, ending a winning streak
that stretched over two seasons;
Georgia Tech was beaten by Ten
nessee, 13 to 8; North Carolina was
tied by William and Mary, 7 to 7,
and Baylor lost to Texas, 13 to 10.
Others amon^ the elite came
through as expected. - Notre Dame
wallpped Indiana, 42 to 6; Michigan
beat Navy, 35 to 0, Army defeated
Stanford, 43 to 0, and California
beat UCLA, 28 to 13. Clemson
whipped Furman, 41 to 0, to remain
the South’s only unbeaten and un
tied team.
In games involving teams from
this area, Maryland beat South Car
olina, 19 to 7, and George Washing
ton blanked Citadel, 14 to 0.
i (Details in Sports Section.)

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