Newspaper Page Text
Mostly sunny with highest in lower 60's today. Fair and not so cold tonight with lowest about 45. Tomorrow, increasing cloudiness with little change. (Full report Page A-2.) Midnight 49 6 am... 39 11 a.m 57 2 a.m. ... 44 8 a.m... 44 Noon 61 4 a.m.-.. 43 10 a.m... 51 1 pm_61 Lote New York Morkets, Page A-19. Guide for Readers Page Amusements ...B-20 Comics .B-18-19 Editorial _A-10 Editorial Articles A-ll Finance -A-19 Lost and Found. _A-3 Page Obituary .„A-12 Radio .B-19 Society, Clubs_B-3 Sports _A-15-17 Where to Go_B-4 Woman's Page..B-10 An Associated Press Newspaper 96th Year. No. 313. Phone ST. 5000 ** WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1948—FORTY PAGES. City Home Delivery, Dally and Sunday. $1.20 a Month. Whan 6 S' /•'tTjvVTrpC! Sundays. $1.30. Nl*ht Final edition. S1.30 and Sl.dO per Month «* v/XWM ID Non-Red Oath Case Accepted By High Court Will Rule on Validity Of Requirement for Unions Using NLRB By the Associated Press The Supreme Court today agreed to rule on the constitu tionality of the Taft-Hartley law requirement that union officials must file non-Comgiunist affida vits if they wish to use ma chinery of the National Labor Relations Board. Validity of the requirement was attacked by the CIO American Com-i munications Association. The asso- j ciation appealed from a decision by! a special United States District Court in New York which upheld j constitutionality of the provision by a 2-to-l vote. The CIO union began the litiga tion with a suit against Charles T. Douds. New York regional director of the Labor Board. Mr. Douds refused the association a place on the ballot at a union certification election by employes of Press Wire less. Inc. Mr. Douds’ refusal to permit the union on the ballot was on the ground it had not complied with the non-Communist affidavit sec tion of the act. The special court in a ruling on the* suit upheld validity of the section. First Test to Reach Court. It was the first case of several tests started by unions to reach the Supreme Court, Last April a special three-judge Federal Court sitting here ruled. 2 to 1, that the non-Communist affi davit portion of the Taft-Hartley Act is constitutional. The case was started last Decem ber 3 by the CIO National Maritime Union and its .president, Joseph Curran. The NLRB had refused to place the union on the ballot in two elections among the seamen of two! Great Lakes shipping companies the M. A. Hanna Co. and the Wil-i son Transit Co. Injunction Plea Dismissed. Another 2-to-l decision upholding! the affidavits was recorded in New I York last June. The ruling was made in dis-! missing a request for an injunction! preventing the NLRB from conduct-; ing 3 union certification election! at F. W. Woolworth Co. The request had been brought by the CIO Wholesale and Warehouse Union. Truman Encourages Dulles to 'Carry On' By tht Associated Press PARIS, Nov. 8.—John Foster Dul les said today he had been encour aged by President Truman “to* carry on” as an American delegate to the United Nations Assembly. Mr. Dulles said he received a cable from Mr. Truman saying: “My heartfelt thanks for your message of congratulations. I am happy for this oportunity to express my appreciation of the splendid work you are doing in Paris.” Mr. Dulles said he interpreted this to mean he was encouraged to stay on the job in the bipartisan delega tion setup. The Republican adviser on foreign affairs, who has represented the United States in international dele gations since the 1945 San Fran cisco conference, had sent a mes sage of congratulations last week on the President’s election over Gov. Dewey. The exchange of cables appeared to observers to have scotched—at least temporarily—rumors in Paris that Mr. Dulles might leave the American delegation. Mr. Dulles has been a target of Soviet bloc sarcasm since the American elec tions. He had been expected to succeed Gen. Marshall as Secretary of State in the event Gov. Dewey won the election. Mr. Dulles sent this reply to Mr. Trurrtans cable today: "I greatly appreciate your mes sage. It encourages me to carry on and do my best to justify the trust and confidence you reposed in me by your appointment. We are a unit here under the fine leadership of Secretary Marshall.” Deweys Begin Rest At Arizona Ranch ly *h« Associated Press TUCSON, Ariz., Nov. 8.—Gov. Dewey today began a two-week rest at an Arizona guest ranch. When he visited Arizona during his unsuccessful campaign for the presidency on the Republican ticket, Gov. Dewey promised to enjoy more of the State’s warm sun. Before leaving New York by plane yester day, he said he was keeping that campaign promise. “What we need most,” he said on his arrival last night, “is sun and rest.” In the party with him are his mother, Mrs. Annie Dewey; his wife and their two sons. The Dewey party received a real Wild West welcome when their American Airlines plane came into the airport here from Chicago. A group of 20 Vigilantes dashed for ward, firing their 45s in welcome. Acting Gov. Dan E. Garvey of Arizona, who won election on the Democratic ticket for the governor ship in last Tuesday’s voting, ex tended official greetings to Mr. Dewey. Also in the welcoming party was A1 Beuhman, Republican, who lost in the Contest for Congress from the 3d Arizona congressional district. Court Grants Eisler Review, Setting Congress Power Test High Tribunal Bans . Lawson Petition in Contempt Case By Robert K. Walsh The Supreme Court today granted the petition of Gerhard Eisler for a review of his convic tion of contempt of Congress, thereby opening the way for a test of the power of Congress to force a witness to say whether he was a Communist. At the same time, the court re fused to review the District Court, conviction of Film Writer John Howard Lawson on charges of con tempt of Congress. Lawson was one of 10 Hollywood writers, producers and directors who refused to tell the House Committee on un-American Activities in Octo ber, 1947, whether he was a member] of the Communist Party. He was found guilty by a District Court jury last May and sentenced to a year in jail and fined $1,000 by Judge Edward M. Curran. Although he has an appeal pend ing before the United States Court of Appeals- here. Lawson filed a petition with the Supreme Court last month seeking a direct ruling on his conviction as well as on the question of the congressional com mittee’s power to compel witnesses to disclose political affiliations. Eisler, described by the House, committee as the “No. 1 Communist Dmytryk Starts Work In England, Still Silent On Whether He Is Red By tho Associated Pj^tss LONDON. Nov. 8.—Hollywood Director Edward Dmytryk, job less since He refused to tell a congressional committee whether he was a Communist, went to work today on a British film. “I like Englahd and the way they’ve treated me and for the fairness they’ve shown, which wasn’t the case in Hollywood,” he said. He still refused to say whether he is a Communist. Dmytryk's new picture, “Ob session,” a comedy thriller, is being made by a small com pany, Independent Sovereign Productions. Dmytryk refused to discuss published reports that Holly wood would try to extend its ban on his work by preventing distribution of his English made pictures in the United States. in the United States,” was convicted in District Court last year on a con- ; tempt of Congress charge and sen tenced to one year and fined $1,000 by Judge Alexander HoltzofT. The United States Court of Ap peals here, in a 2-to-l decision last June, upheld Eisler’s conviction. ( See SUPREME COURT, Pagc A-4 j U.S. Declared Unlikely To Back Move to Make Jews Give Up Gains Egyptian Delegates Deny Reports at Tel Aviv Of Israeli Peace Talks By the Associated Press PARIS, Nov. 8.—An authorita tive delegation source said today the United States probably will not back a British plan that would order Israeli forces to withdraw from newly won posi- > tions in Northern Palestine. Britain asked the United Nations! Security Council last Thursday to! extend its order for withdrawal of Israeli and Arab forces in Southern Palestine's Negeb desert to include! all of Palestine. The council’s order on the Negeb! front strikes mainly at the forces of Israel, which have advanced to seize key pc/its along the supply; routes to desert settlements. The only other big gains by i Israeli forces recently have been on j the North Galilee front. No Final Decision Made. The source emphasized that no; final decision has been made on j whether the United States will sup port the British resolution. He add- j ed. however, that the American dele-1 gation was unlikely to support aj blanket extension of the principles; laid down in the Negeb order. He said American support of the! resolution for withdrawal of Jewish; troops on the Negeb front was based I on a complete report of the situa-! tion from the U. N.’s acting Pales-i tine mediator, Dr. Ralph J. Bunche. Britain pressed for a Council ] meeting today, but at mid-day it appeared there would be no ses sion before tomorrow. General Confers With Bunche. Brig. Gen. William E. Riley, American chief-of-stafl of the U. N. truce supervisors in Palestine, is in Paris for consultations with Dr. Bunche on the situation along the Northern Palestine front. Both the American and British delegations were seeking an official report on Gen. Riley's conference Saturday with representatives of Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon and Syria. Authoritative U. N. sources said Gen. Riley reviewed the Palestine situation and told the Arabs their military position in the Holy Land is hopeless. Dr. Bunche said today, ‘however, that Gen. Riley merely reviewed the situation, stressing points of friction and making suggestions for better implementation of the truce. ; rSee PALESTINE, Page A^4.) Truman Gives Stump Rank of Vice Admiral By tht Associated Press Rear Admiral Felix B. Stump has been given an interim appointment ■ by President Truman as vice ad miral while serving in his new post as commander of the Air Force of the Atlantic Fleet. The White House announced the interim rank for Admiral Stump I after the Navy Department an nounced the new assignment. AU ! miral Stump, a native of Paj)cers i burg, W. Va., now is chief of naval | air technical training at Memphis, I Tenn. Communists Lose 80% Of Seats as De Gaulle Wins Council Election Victory May Prompt General to Hasten Drive For Return to Power By the Associated Press PARIS, Nov. 8.—Almost-com plete returns today gave Gen. Charles de Gaulle’s anti-Com-, munist Rally of the French Peo ple (RPF) a sweeping victory in yesterday’s elections to the upper house of the French Parliament. The Communists, present majority party in the Council of the Repub- j lie, lost more than four-fifths of; their seats and will be a low-rank-1 ing party in the new council. The elections w-ere national in! scope, but the balloting was done by local electoral colleges instead of directly by the people. RPF to Hold 40 Per Cent of Seats. The returns showed that the RPF, taking part in a legislative election for the first time, wall have about 40 per cent of the 269 seats at stake yesterday. The colonies will elect another 51 members next month, bringing the new council to its full strength of 320. Although a De Gaulle spokesman claimed the RPF had won 121 seats, the Interior Ministry gave it only 99 on the basis of the latest vote count. The semiofficial French; press agency gave it 107. With only seven seats missing, Interior Ministry figures said this was the division of the council seats: RPF, 99; radical Socialists <con servatives) and affiliates, 50; Social-! ists, 48; Independents, 21; Com munists, 16; Popular Republicans (MRP), 15; others, 13. Change in Rules Responsible. Of the RPF's 99 seats, 55 belong to the party outright and the others ] are from affiliated groups. The Communists now hold 84 seats. Their drop to 16 occurred largely because of a change in the voting system that permitted all non-Communist parties to form coalitions against them. Gen. de Gaulle’s group fell far short of gaining a majority of seats in the Council of the Republic,] which is an advisory body to the National Assembly with no powers] of direct action. It is virtually im possible, however, for any one party ] to win complete control of Parlia ment because of the number of po litical parties,in France. De Gaulle's Brother Elected. Gen. de Gaulle was not a candi date for a Council seat. One of those elected was his brother, Pierre de Gaulle, who is president of the Paris City Council, a post corre sponding to Mayor. The smashing victory may prompt Gen. de Gaulle to hasten his cam paign for return to power. He is expected to use his show of strength in yesterday’s elections to prod the National Assembly, the nation’s main legislative body. Gen. de Gaulle wants the Assem bly to dissolve itself and call for general elections, which, he claims, will give him a mandate from the people to take over the government. His party has no explicit social program. Its chief plank is anti communism. The electors—more than 100,000 i See FRENCH, Page A-6.) Scientist Fears A-Bomb Output Will Exhaust U. S. Uranium By th« Associated Press CHICAGO, Nov. 9.—A research scientist asserted today that America’s rate of atomic bomb production threatens to exhaust this country’s entire uranium reserves in 30 years. The rate of bomb production, he said in a paper prepared for deliver tomorrow before a session of the American Petroleum Institute, is “a reason for pessimism’’ in consider ing the future of atomic power for industrial use. Eugene Ayers, chief chemist of the Gulf Research and Develop ment Co., Pittsburgh, said the world supply of recoverable uranium “is believed to be about 10 times as great as that in the United States.” Thorium, another fissionable ele ment that might produce industrial power, is present in about similar quantity, he added. "Our annual production of uran iium now is said to be more than | one-thirtieth our entire reserve,” his paper said, "if the rate of pro duction is constant over the next 30 years, we shall have no uranium jleft; for, unlike petroleum, there is j little likelihood of extending our | uranium reserve by large dis i coveries.” Because the worlds supply of fissionable materials is "definitely limited,” he said, the kind of atomic energy now understood “cannot be regarded as the predominant energy source of the future.” “If uranium were used to produce as much energy as petroleum,” he said, “it would become a very rapid ly vanishing resource.” He said it has been estimated (See URANIUM, Page A-4.) I U. N. Condemns 3 Nations for Aid To Greek Rebels Action on Bulgaria, Albania, Yugoslavia Follows Long Wrangle By the Associated Press PARIS, Nov. 8.—The United Nations Political Committee voted todpy to condemn Albania, Bulgaria > and Yugoslavia for helping the Communist rebels in Greece. It was the strongest action thus far taken by any If N. Assembly body in the Balkans dispute. By a vote of 47 to 0 the commit tee approved a paragraph in a four power resolution declaring that continued aid given by the three Slav nations to the Greek guerrillas endangers peace in the Balkans and | is inconsistent with the principles of the United Nations Charter. Vote Follows Long Wrangle. The vote followed hours of wrangling, during which the Slav bloc fought to stall the proceedings and drew repeated tongue lashings from the committee chairman, Paul-Henri Spaak of Belgium. The six Slav nations refused to vote on the condemnation para graph. They served notice they would vote against the whole reso lution when it comes up, perhaps! later today. The veto does not apply.! Four nations were absent when the vote was taken and El Salvador i obstained. The Assembly last year refused to accept a proposal condemning the three Balkan countries in the Greek dispute. It merely called on them to do nothing which could furnish aid and assistance to Greek guer rillas. This time, however, the Western powers are insistent upon a specific condemnation. Executions Postponed. Overnight, the Greek government had responded to a plea from the president of the Assembly by post poning execution of 10 seamen, scheduled to die today. Dr. Herbert V. Evatt, Australian Foreign Minister and president of .the Assembly, asked the postpone-! ment yesterday in cables to King Paul and Premier Themistokles Sophoulis. Dr. Evatt said the executions would seriously interfere with at tempts he is pushing here for a “Balkan peace conference” in which! the Greeks would sit down to negotiate with Yugoslavia, Albania1 and Bulgaria. Announced in Athens. The postponement was announced last night in Athens by the Greek Ministry of Justice, which gave no indication of vchat future action might be taken in the case. The 10 seamen had been convicted of subversive activity by a maritime tribunal last week. They were charged with collecting money from members of the merchant marine to support the Communist leader, Mar kos Vaflades, and his rebel guer rillas. The executions had been injected into the hot debate on Greece in | the U. N. Political Committee by a! Yugoslav spoksman who read what he said was a protest from a Greek trades union in Athens against the executions. Australia to Rush Resolution. Dr. Evatt meanwhile instructed! the Australian delegate In the Po jlitical Committee to fight for pass- ' age of a resolution calling for a! meeting between Greece and her northern neighbors. Representa-i I tives of the four nations would meet | with Dr. Evatt and U. N. Secretary ' General Trygve Lie to determine | whether there is any chance for suc cessful conciliation. Mass executions in Greece were i protested earlier this year by Brit lain, France, Russia and Denmark, but the Greek government rejected the protests. , After 213 prisoners were reported^ executed during the first week in | May, Press Minister Michael Ali-I anos said 1,320 persons had been executed between June, 1946, and May, 1948. The U. N. Special Committee on the Balkans last year asked the Security Council whether it should i handle protests against executions (See GREECE, Page A-6.) Soviet Plane Reported Wrecked in Greenland By lh» Associated Press COPENHAGEN, Denmark, Nov. 8. The newspaper Berlingske Tidende said today a Russian military plane had crashed in Northern Green land. <A spokesman at the American Embassy in London said Ameri | can diplomatic and Air Force officials there had heard no re | port of such a crash.) The newspaper, in a London dis j patch, quoted unidentified Ameri can sources as saying the crew of an American reconnaissance plane sighted the wreckage last Wednes day while on a routine flight from a base on the west coast of Green land. “Photographs taken by the crew and later brought to London for examination show it is a Russian ! plane,” Gerlingskie Tidende said. “A Soviet red star is seen clearly on the body of the plane, which is only partly destroyed. ' “The fate of the crew is not yet j known. The American plane circled above the spot for some time, but there was no sign of life around the wreckage.” The newspaper said the werckage was located near Upernavik and that jan American rescue party will be sent to the spot as soon as the weather permits a plane to land on the ice. It added that the crash must have occurred recently since other Ameri | can reconnaissance planes flying the same route lately had not seen the i wrecked aircraft. i /CTaND I SEETWO) OR THREE MILLION / ) REPUBLICANS WHO 1 2. DIDN'T VOTE ! CTbuT I SEE 23^ : MILLION DEMOCRATS WHO WENT To ^ THE POLLS f J Truman Plea Forecast For Revising Tax Cut In Upper Brackets Revival of Excess Profits Levy Proposal Also Seen By Committee Member By the Associated f^est Representative Eberharter, Democrat, of Pennsylvania said today he looks for President Tru man to urge a revision of the 1948 income tax cut. The idea, Mr. Eberharter said, would be to pass more of the savings along to low-income groups by boosting the levies for those in the upper brackets. Mr. Eberharter, a member of the tax-framing House Ways and Means Committee, also predicted that Mr. Truman will revive his excess profits tax proposal. However, some of the President’s, advisers are known to take a dim view of such a move because of its possible effect on business. Martin Sees Higher Taxes. Meanwhile, House Speaker Mar tin said that last Tuesday's Demo cratic victory probably will mean higher Federal taxes. “Indications now are that there will be more instead of less’ taxes,” the Republican leader told a news conference. “If we are going to spend we can't reduce taxes.” Asked specifically about possible reductions in excise levies, Mr. Mar tin told reporters he did not think there is “much chance.” There has been considerable spec ulation that before Mr. Truman reaches any definite decision on business taxes he may renew his plea to industry to lower prices— and profits. Hit Income Tax Cuts. The President had little to say about an excess profits tax during his campaign. But he took several husky swipes at the income tax cut: bill which the 80th Congress wrote into law over his veto. He palled it a "rich man’s” bill. The main features of that measure are a $100 increase in the personal exemption, making it $600 instead of $500; extension of the community property principle to all States, letting husbands and wives split the the family income for tax-saving (See TAXES,PageA-4.> Slow Advance Lifts Stocks As High as $1 a Share By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Nov. 8 —A slow re covery movement developed in the stock market today, with prices go ing a few cents to around $1 a share higher. | The advance was a continuation ; of the upturn Saturday which end ed a week in which losses were the greatest in more than eight years. Most of the gains today were cen tered in the railroad, steel and au tomobile stocks. Some groups, such as chemical, retail and tobacco companies lagged behind. Brokers were cautious in their en thusiasm over the advancing prices. They noted the volume of trading was comparatively low today in sharp contrast to the surge of selling in the declining market of last week. Also in many cases today stocks moving abruptly higher were cut back almost immediately in line with the more modest advances general throughout the list. 1.000 Air Force Men Land in Liverpool •y the Associated Press LIVERPOOL, England, Nov. 8.— An Army transport carrying 1,000 American Air Force technicians docked yesterday at Liverpool. The new detachment will join 2.000 American airmen now sta tioned at the RAF base at Burton wood, where planes used in the Berlin airlift are serviced. Campbell to Become Manitoba Premier ty ths Associated Press WINNIPEG, Canada, Nov. 8.— The next Premier of Manitoba will be Douglas Lloyd Campbell, 53, Ag riculture Minister since 1936. He will replace Premier Stuart Garson, who .has accepted a Federal cab inet P06t. Pacific Sea-Air Search UnderWay for Lost B-29 By the Associated Press TOKYO. Nov. 8.—An air and sur face search of the ocean 250 miles northwest of Guam for a missing; B-29 continued today. The plane, with an unannounced number of persons aboard, has been missing since Saturday on a flight from Okinawa to Guam. The bomber usually carries a crew of 11 men. Martin Says Truman Will GetWhat He Asks From New Congress Veteran G. 0. P. Leader Expects Party to Adopt Wait-and-See Policy TRUMAN VACATION to Be Broken | by Conferences With Aides. Page A-3 By J. A. O'Leary President Truman will be able to get “anything he wishes from the new Congress if he wishes it hard enough,” House Speaker Martin declared today. In a press conference at the Cap I itol shortly after his return to Washington, the veteran Massachu setts Republican also said his party! ! will have to wait until it sees the! Truman program before it can for mulate a set of policies to be fol- j lowed by the minority. “I think that before two years are up we will justify ourselves as a loyal opposition,” the Speaker added, referring to the date of the ! next Congressional election. Per sonally, I am going to co-operate [whenever I think it Ip to the wel fare of the country.” Indefinite on Old Job. To all questions as to whether he 1 will resume his old position as ; minority leader, Mr. Martin avoided a positive answer. He left the im pression among some of his inter - j viewers, however, that he is avoiding committing himself mainly because [he has not had time to consult his ’colleagues in the House, i “I’m not looking for the job and I’m not running away from it,” he said. "If it is offered, you will take it?” one reporter broke in. “It depends on the conditions,” the Speaker added. The newsmen bombarded Mr. Martin with the usual flood of questions as to what caused the un expected Dewey-Warren defeat, and got one of the soundest answers yet heard by them. “Of course, the main reason was we didn't get enough votes,” Mr. Martin said, with a touch of humor. Sees Prosperity Big Factor. Then, speaking seriously, he said the surprising outcome is difficult to explain. He thought Gov. Dewey (See MARTIN, Page A-4l Northern Philippines Escape Typhoon Blow ky the Associated Press MANILA, Nov. 8.—A Pacific ty phoon, after a feint toward the Northern Philippines, headed west ward north of Luzon and is expected to pass into the China Sea tomor row. Winds up to 70 miles an hour were reported at its center. Meyers Loses Appeal; 2-1 Decision Upholds Subornation Verdict Prettyman Dissents, Says Judge Should Have Freed Officer The United States Court of Appeals here, in a 2-to-l deci sion, today upheld the conviction of former Maj. Gen. Bennett E. Meyers, retired Army Air Forces purchasing officer, on charges that he caused a wartime busi ness associate to lie to a Senate subcommittee. Meyers has been in the District jail since last March 15, serving a sent ence of 18 months to 5 years imposed by Judge Alexander HoltzofI in District Court. The sentence fol lowed a District Court jury verdict finding Meyers guilty on all three counts of an indictment charging that he induced Bleriot H. Lamarre, wartime ‘‘dummy" president of the Aviation Electrie Corporation of Dayton, Ohio, to testify falsely in October. 1947, before a Senate War Investigating Subcommittee. Judge Wilbur K. Miller and James M. Proctor handed down the ma jority opinion in the Court of Ap peals today. Judge E. Barrett Prettyman dissented. Chargee Held Proved. The majority opinion, written by Judge Miller, held that the prosecu tion in the District Court trial proved the charges that Lamarre falsely told the Senate subcommit tee that Meyers had no financial interest in the Aviation Electric Corp.. that the company did not buy a Cadillac car for Meyers during the war, and that a $10,000 decorating job at the Meyers apartment in the Hotel 2400 here was ,not paid for out of company funds. The majority opinion also held that the Senate subcommittee was lawfully constituted and that Com mittee Counsel William P. Rogers was properly permitted to testify at the trial in connection with statements made by Lamarre to the subcommittee. The court also overruled a de fense claim that Meyers was il legally indicted under the District statute concerning perjury and subornation of perjury. The defense had contended that Meyers, if he was to be indicted at all, should have been indicted under the Fed eral perjury statute. Prettyman Sees Error. Judge Prettyman dissented on the ground that Lamarre's testimony be fore the Senate subcommittee “was presented to the trial jury in so un fair and prejudicial a fashion as to constitute reversable error.” He stated that the transcript of the subcommittee hearings was the best evidence of what Lamarre tes tified and that Mr. Rogers was per mitted at the trial to give “an in terpretation” of what Lamarre told the subcommittee. The dissenting opinion also held that testimony and evidence at the trial did not conclusively prove that Lamarre told the Senate subcom mitee exactly what the indictment said he testified concerning the rela tionship between Meyers and the Aviation Electric Corporation, the Cadillac car and the apartment dec orating job. “It is my view,” Judge Perttyman stated, “that upon examination of (See MEYERS, Page A-4.) Chest Workers Pushing Drive To Meet Quotas by Nov. 18 With the presidential election now out of the way. Community Chest volunteers were working against time today to put the $4,466,790 drive over the top be fore the closing date, Novem ber 18. Chest officials admitted that the drive had “bogged down” during election week, but looked forward to increasing momentum as the nine Chest units approach their goals. The enthusiasm of the crowds which welcomed President Truman back to the Capital last Friday promises well for the success of the Red Feather drive in the commu nity, according to Chauncey G. Par ker, general chairman of the cam paign. “There is right now in the Wash ington area a renewed confidence in the future and a strong sense that the American people know which way they are going,” Mr. Parker said. Mr. Parker pointed out that many Government workers who might have hesitated to contribute to the Chest because of uncertainty about the future are now being resolicited for more generous gifts. The "loyalties of many Washing tonians to local interests and con cerns” have also been stabilized by the results of the election, Mr. Par ker said. C. Girard Davidson, Assistant In terior Secretary and chairman of the Government unit, has sent out a bulletin to his 8,000 volunteers urg ing that the unit’s $1,524,557 goal be reached promptly. The Government Unit led all (Re CHEST, Page A-4.) Thomas Indicted On Charges of Payroll Padding House Un-American Committee Head's Aide Also Accused Chairman Thomas of th« House Committee on Un-Ameri can Activities was indicted by a District grand jury today on a charge of conspiracy to defraud the Government and three counts of filing false claims in connection with his congression al payroll. Indicted with the New Jersey Re publican legislator on the conspir acy charge was his former secretary, Miss Helen Campbell. If convicted, Mr. Thomas faces a maximum of two years imprison ment or $10,000 fine or both on the conspiracy charge and 10 years im prisonment or $10,000 fine or both on each of the three counts of filing false claims—a possible total of 32 years imprisonment or $40,000 fines, or both. At his Allendale, N. J„ home, Mr. Thomas said, ‘‘I have nothing to say at this moment.” He said he might have a statement later. 34 Overt Acts Charged. The conspiracy phase of the in dictment charged that the co-de fendants arranged for two women to be put on Mr. Thomas’ payroll, al though they never worked for him. J. PARNELL THOMAS. —AP Photo. I It was alleged that the two women | indorsed their pay to Miss Camp I bell and she turned it over to Mr. i Thomas. j The grand jury cited 34 overt acts jin connection with this conspiracy dating from January, 1940, to Jan uary, 1945. Named as the two persons placed on the payroll were the former Myra ! Midkiff, now Mrs. Rean D. Chilson, ! a niece of Miss Campbell, and Ar nette Minor, a maid jn Miss Camp bell’s home. ! The counts of filing false claims, in which only Mr. Thomas was named, alleged that the legislator on three occasions filed claims for sal ary payments to Jacqueline B. Hill for “services rendered as clerk typist to the Committee on Un American Activities.” On each of the three occasions, the grand jury charged, Mrs. Hill did not render any service to the Un-American Activities Committee. The sum involved in each of the three cases, the grand jury said, was $293.59. The payments were made for December, 1947; January, 1948, and February, 1948, the grand jury charged. In each case the indictment charged that Mr. Thomas knew thaj; the salary claims were “false, ficti tious and fraudulent.” Plan Is Outlined. Outlining the plan for the alleged conspiracy, the grand jury charged that in order to cover up the former Miss Midkiff’s “fraudulent and fic titious employment,” Mr. Thomas paid the income tax due on Miss Midkiff’s salary. As the first overt act, the indict jment stated, in January, 1940, Mr. (See THOMAS, Page A-6.) Cotton Crop Forecast Up 87,000 Bales By the Associated Press The Agriculture Department, in its semifinal report of the year, to day estimated this year's cotton crop at 15,166,000 bales of 500 'pounds gross weight. This estimate is 87,000 bales more than the 15,079,000 forecast a month ago. It compares with last year’s crop of 11.857,000 and with the 1937 46 average of 12,014,000. In an accompanying report, the Census Bureau said 10,432,934 bales from this year's crop had been ginned prior to November 1* This compared with 8,368,643 ginned to the same date last year and 5,726,145 1 to the same date two years ago. The yield of lint cotton per acre was estimated at 312.1 pounds. This compares with 267.3 pounds last year and 254.2 for the 10-year average. Production of American-Egyptian cotton was estimated at 2,800 bales compared with 1,200 last year and 30,600 for the 10-year average - Clay Will Join British, French in Talks Today •y the Associated Pros HERFORD, Germany, Nov. 8.— Gen. Lucius D. Clay, American com mander in Germany, will join Brit ish and French officers today in talks designed to unify the armiea of Western Europe. British Field Marshal Viscount Montgomery met last night with Gen. Sir Brian Robertson and Gan. Pierre Koenig, the British and French military governors in Ger many. General Clay will join them. Marshal Montgomery is chairman of the Military Committee of the Western European Union, composed of Britain, France, Belgium, Tha Netherlands and Luxembourg.