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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 08, 1948, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Mostly sunny with highest in lower 60's today.
Fair and not so cold tonight with lowest
about 45. Tomorrow, increasing cloudiness
with little change. (Full report Page A-2.)
Midnight 49 6 am... 39 11 a.m 57
2 a.m. ... 44 8 a.m... 44 Noon 61
4 a.m.-.. 43 10 a.m... 51 1 pm_61
Lote New York Morkets, Page A-19.
Guide for Readers
Page
Amusements ...B-20
Comics .B-18-19
Editorial _A-10
Editorial Articles A-ll
Finance -A-19
Lost and Found. _A-3
Page
Obituary .„A-12
Radio .B-19
Society, Clubs_B-3
Sports _A-15-17
Where to Go_B-4
Woman's Page..B-10
An Associated Press Newspaper
96th Year. No. 313. Phone ST. 5000
** WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1948—FORTY PAGES.
City Home Delivery, Dally and Sunday. $1.20 a Month. Whan 6 S' /•'tTjvVTrpC!
Sundays. $1.30. Nl*ht Final edition. S1.30 and Sl.dO per Month «* v/XWM ID
Non-Red Oath
Case Accepted
By High Court
Will Rule on Validity
Of Requirement for
Unions Using NLRB
By the Associated Press
The Supreme Court today
agreed to rule on the constitu
tionality of the Taft-Hartley law
requirement that union officials
must file non-Comgiunist affida
vits if they wish to use ma
chinery of the National Labor
Relations Board.
Validity of the requirement was
attacked by the CIO American Com-i
munications Association. The asso- j
ciation appealed from a decision by!
a special United States District
Court in New York which upheld j
constitutionality of the provision by
a 2-to-l vote.
The CIO union began the litiga
tion with a suit against Charles T.
Douds. New York regional director
of the Labor Board. Mr. Douds
refused the association a place on
the ballot at a union certification
election by employes of Press Wire
less. Inc.
Mr. Douds’ refusal to permit the
union on the ballot was on the
ground it had not complied with
the non-Communist affidavit sec
tion of the act. The special court
in a ruling on the* suit upheld
validity of the section.
First Test to Reach Court.
It was the first case of several
tests started by unions to reach the
Supreme Court,
Last April a special three-judge
Federal Court sitting here ruled. 2
to 1, that the non-Communist affi
davit portion of the Taft-Hartley
Act is constitutional.
The case was started last Decem
ber 3 by the CIO National Maritime
Union and its .president, Joseph
Curran.
The NLRB had refused to place
the union on the ballot in two
elections among the seamen of two!
Great Lakes shipping companies
the M. A. Hanna Co. and the Wil-i
son Transit Co.
Injunction Plea Dismissed.
Another 2-to-l decision upholding!
the affidavits was recorded in New I
York last June.
The ruling was made in dis-!
missing a request for an injunction!
preventing the NLRB from conduct-;
ing 3 union certification election!
at F. W. Woolworth Co.
The request had been brought by
the CIO Wholesale and Warehouse
Union.
Truman Encourages
Dulles to 'Carry On'
By tht Associated Press
PARIS, Nov. 8.—John Foster Dul
les said today he had been encour
aged by President Truman “to*
carry on” as an American delegate
to the United Nations Assembly.
Mr. Dulles said he received a cable
from Mr. Truman saying:
“My heartfelt thanks for your
message of congratulations. I am
happy for this oportunity to express
my appreciation of the splendid
work you are doing in Paris.”
Mr. Dulles said he interpreted this
to mean he was encouraged to stay
on the job in the bipartisan delega
tion setup.
The Republican adviser on foreign
affairs, who has represented the
United States in international dele
gations since the 1945 San Fran
cisco conference, had sent a mes
sage of congratulations last week on
the President’s election over Gov.
Dewey.
The exchange of cables appeared
to observers to have scotched—at
least temporarily—rumors in Paris
that Mr. Dulles might leave the
American delegation. Mr. Dulles
has been a target of Soviet bloc
sarcasm since the American elec
tions.
He had been expected to succeed
Gen. Marshall as Secretary of State
in the event Gov. Dewey won the
election.
Mr. Dulles sent this reply to Mr.
Trurrtans cable today:
"I greatly appreciate your mes
sage. It encourages me to carry
on and do my best to justify the
trust and confidence you reposed
in me by your appointment. We
are a unit here under the fine
leadership of Secretary Marshall.”
Deweys Begin Rest
At Arizona Ranch
ly *h« Associated Press
TUCSON, Ariz., Nov. 8.—Gov.
Dewey today began a two-week rest
at an Arizona guest ranch.
When he visited Arizona during
his unsuccessful campaign for the
presidency on the Republican ticket,
Gov. Dewey promised to enjoy more
of the State’s warm sun. Before
leaving New York by plane yester
day, he said he was keeping that
campaign promise.
“What we need most,” he said on
his arrival last night, “is sun and
rest.”
In the party with him are his
mother, Mrs. Annie Dewey; his wife
and their two sons.
The Dewey party received a real
Wild West welcome when their
American Airlines plane came into
the airport here from Chicago. A
group of 20 Vigilantes dashed for
ward, firing their 45s in welcome.
Acting Gov. Dan E. Garvey of
Arizona, who won election on the
Democratic ticket for the governor
ship in last Tuesday’s voting, ex
tended official greetings to Mr.
Dewey.
Also in the welcoming party was
A1 Beuhman, Republican, who lost
in the Contest for Congress from the
3d Arizona congressional district.
Court Grants Eisler Review,
Setting Congress Power Test
High Tribunal Bans
. Lawson Petition in
Contempt Case
By Robert K. Walsh
The Supreme Court today
granted the petition of Gerhard
Eisler for a review of his convic
tion of contempt of Congress,
thereby opening the way for a
test of the power of Congress to
force a witness to say whether
he was a Communist.
At the same time, the court re
fused to review the District Court,
conviction of Film Writer John
Howard Lawson on charges of con
tempt of Congress.
Lawson was one of 10 Hollywood
writers, producers and directors who
refused to tell the House Committee
on un-American Activities in Octo
ber, 1947, whether he was a member]
of the Communist Party. He was
found guilty by a District Court
jury last May and sentenced to a
year in jail and fined $1,000 by
Judge Edward M. Curran.
Although he has an appeal pend
ing before the United States Court
of Appeals- here. Lawson filed a
petition with the Supreme Court
last month seeking a direct ruling
on his conviction as well as on the
question of the congressional com
mittee’s power to compel witnesses
to disclose political affiliations.
Eisler, described by the House,
committee as the “No. 1 Communist
Dmytryk Starts Work
In England, Still Silent
On Whether He Is Red
By tho Associated Pj^tss
LONDON. Nov. 8.—Hollywood
Director Edward Dmytryk, job
less since He refused to tell a
congressional committee
whether he was a Communist,
went to work today on a British
film.
“I like Englahd and the way
they’ve treated me and for the
fairness they’ve shown, which
wasn’t the case in Hollywood,”
he said.
He still refused to say
whether he is a Communist.
Dmytryk's new picture, “Ob
session,” a comedy thriller, is
being made by a small com
pany, Independent Sovereign
Productions.
Dmytryk refused to discuss
published reports that Holly
wood would try to extend its
ban on his work by preventing
distribution of his English
made pictures in the United
States.
in the United States,” was convicted
in District Court last year on a con- ;
tempt of Congress charge and sen
tenced to one year and fined $1,000
by Judge Alexander HoltzofT.
The United States Court of Ap
peals here, in a 2-to-l decision last
June, upheld Eisler’s conviction.
( See SUPREME COURT, Pagc A-4 j
U.S. Declared Unlikely
To Back Move to Make
Jews Give Up Gains
Egyptian Delegates Deny
Reports at Tel Aviv
Of Israeli Peace Talks
By the Associated Press
PARIS, Nov. 8.—An authorita
tive delegation source said today
the United States probably will
not back a British plan that
would order Israeli forces to
withdraw from newly won posi- >
tions in Northern Palestine.
Britain asked the United Nations!
Security Council last Thursday to!
extend its order for withdrawal of
Israeli and Arab forces in Southern
Palestine's Negeb desert to include!
all of Palestine.
The council’s order on the Negeb!
front strikes mainly at the forces
of Israel, which have advanced to
seize key pc/its along the supply;
routes to desert settlements.
The only other big gains by i
Israeli forces recently have been on j
the North Galilee front.
No Final Decision Made.
The source emphasized that no;
final decision has been made on j
whether the United States will sup
port the British resolution. He add- j
ed. however, that the American dele-1
gation was unlikely to support aj
blanket extension of the principles;
laid down in the Negeb order.
He said American support of the!
resolution for withdrawal of Jewish;
troops on the Negeb front was based I
on a complete report of the situa-!
tion from the U. N.’s acting Pales-i
tine mediator, Dr. Ralph J. Bunche.
Britain pressed for a Council ]
meeting today, but at mid-day it
appeared there would be no ses
sion before tomorrow.
General Confers With Bunche.
Brig. Gen. William E. Riley,
American chief-of-stafl of the U. N.
truce supervisors in Palestine, is in
Paris for consultations with Dr.
Bunche on the situation along the
Northern Palestine front.
Both the American and British
delegations were seeking an official
report on Gen. Riley's conference
Saturday with representatives of
Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon and Syria.
Authoritative U. N. sources said
Gen. Riley reviewed the Palestine
situation and told the Arabs their
military position in the Holy Land
is hopeless.
Dr. Bunche said today, ‘however,
that Gen. Riley merely reviewed
the situation, stressing points of
friction and making suggestions for
better implementation of the truce.
; rSee PALESTINE, Page A^4.)
Truman Gives Stump
Rank of Vice Admiral
By tht Associated Press
Rear Admiral Felix B. Stump has
been given an interim appointment
■ by President Truman as vice ad
miral while serving in his new post
as commander of the Air Force of
the Atlantic Fleet.
The White House announced the
interim rank for Admiral Stump
I after the Navy Department an
nounced the new assignment. AU
! miral Stump, a native of Paj)cers
i burg, W. Va., now is chief of naval
| air technical training at Memphis,
I Tenn.
Communists Lose 80%
Of Seats as De Gaulle
Wins Council Election
Victory May Prompt
General to Hasten Drive
For Return to Power
By the Associated Press
PARIS, Nov. 8.—Almost-com
plete returns today gave Gen.
Charles de Gaulle’s anti-Com-,
munist Rally of the French Peo
ple (RPF) a sweeping victory in
yesterday’s elections to the upper
house of the French Parliament.
The Communists, present majority
party in the Council of the Repub- j
lie, lost more than four-fifths of;
their seats and will be a low-rank-1
ing party in the new council.
The elections w-ere national in!
scope, but the balloting was done by
local electoral colleges instead of
directly by the people.
RPF to Hold 40 Per Cent of Seats.
The returns showed that the RPF,
taking part in a legislative election
for the first time, wall have about 40
per cent of the 269 seats at stake
yesterday. The colonies will elect
another 51 members next month,
bringing the new council to its full
strength of 320.
Although a De Gaulle spokesman
claimed the RPF had won 121 seats,
the Interior Ministry gave it only
99 on the basis of the latest vote
count. The semiofficial French;
press agency gave it 107.
With only seven seats missing,
Interior Ministry figures said this
was the division of the council
seats:
RPF, 99; radical Socialists <con
servatives) and affiliates, 50; Social-!
ists, 48; Independents, 21; Com
munists, 16; Popular Republicans
(MRP), 15; others, 13.
Change in Rules Responsible.
Of the RPF's 99 seats, 55 belong
to the party outright and the others ]
are from affiliated groups.
The Communists now hold 84
seats. Their drop to 16 occurred
largely because of a change in the
voting system that permitted all
non-Communist parties to form
coalitions against them.
Gen. de Gaulle’s group fell far
short of gaining a majority of seats
in the Council of the Republic,]
which is an advisory body to the
National Assembly with no powers]
of direct action. It is virtually im
possible, however, for any one party ]
to win complete control of Parlia
ment because of the number of po
litical parties,in France.
De Gaulle's Brother Elected.
Gen. de Gaulle was not a candi
date for a Council seat. One of
those elected was his brother, Pierre
de Gaulle, who is president of the
Paris City Council, a post corre
sponding to Mayor.
The smashing victory may prompt
Gen. de Gaulle to hasten his cam
paign for return to power. He is
expected to use his show of strength
in yesterday’s elections to prod the
National Assembly, the nation’s
main legislative body.
Gen. de Gaulle wants the Assem
bly to dissolve itself and call for
general elections, which, he claims,
will give him a mandate from the
people to take over the government.
His party has no explicit social
program. Its chief plank is anti
communism.
The electors—more than 100,000
i See FRENCH, Page A-6.)
Scientist Fears A-Bomb Output
Will Exhaust U. S. Uranium
By th« Associated Press
CHICAGO, Nov. 9.—A research
scientist asserted today that
America’s rate of atomic bomb
production threatens to exhaust
this country’s entire uranium
reserves in 30 years.
The rate of bomb production, he
said in a paper prepared for deliver
tomorrow before a session of the
American Petroleum Institute, is “a
reason for pessimism’’ in consider
ing the future of atomic power for
industrial use.
Eugene Ayers, chief chemist of
the Gulf Research and Develop
ment Co., Pittsburgh, said the world
supply of recoverable uranium “is
believed to be about 10 times as
great as that in the United States.”
Thorium, another fissionable ele
ment that might produce industrial
power, is present in about similar
quantity, he added.
"Our annual production of uran
iium now is said to be more than
| one-thirtieth our entire reserve,”
his paper said, "if the rate of pro
duction is constant over the next
30 years, we shall have no uranium
jleft; for, unlike petroleum, there is
j little likelihood of extending our
| uranium reserve by large dis
i coveries.”
Because the worlds supply of
fissionable materials is "definitely
limited,” he said, the kind of atomic
energy now understood “cannot be
regarded as the predominant energy
source of the future.”
“If uranium were used to produce
as much energy as petroleum,” he
said, “it would become a very rapid
ly vanishing resource.”
He said it has been estimated
(See URANIUM, Page A-4.) I
U. N. Condemns
3 Nations for Aid
To Greek Rebels
Action on Bulgaria,
Albania, Yugoslavia
Follows Long Wrangle
By the Associated Press
PARIS, Nov. 8.—The United
Nations Political Committee
voted todpy to condemn Albania,
Bulgaria > and Yugoslavia for
helping the Communist rebels in
Greece.
It was the strongest action thus
far taken by any If N. Assembly
body in the Balkans dispute.
By a vote of 47 to 0 the commit
tee approved a paragraph in a four
power resolution declaring that
continued aid given by the three
Slav nations to the Greek guerrillas
endangers peace in the Balkans and
| is inconsistent with the principles
of the United Nations Charter.
Vote Follows Long Wrangle.
The vote followed hours of
wrangling, during which the Slav
bloc fought to stall the proceedings
and drew repeated tongue lashings
from the committee chairman,
Paul-Henri Spaak of Belgium.
The six Slav nations refused to
vote on the condemnation para
graph. They served notice they
would vote against the whole reso
lution when it comes up, perhaps!
later today. The veto does not apply.!
Four nations were absent when
the vote was taken and El Salvador
i obstained.
The Assembly last year refused to
accept a proposal condemning the
three Balkan countries in the Greek
dispute. It merely called on them
to do nothing which could furnish
aid and assistance to Greek guer
rillas. This time, however, the
Western powers are insistent upon a
specific condemnation.
Executions Postponed.
Overnight, the Greek government
had responded to a plea from the
president of the Assembly by post
poning execution of 10 seamen,
scheduled to die today.
Dr. Herbert V. Evatt, Australian
Foreign Minister and president of
.the Assembly, asked the postpone-!
ment yesterday in cables to King
Paul and Premier Themistokles
Sophoulis.
Dr. Evatt said the executions
would seriously interfere with at
tempts he is pushing here for a
“Balkan peace conference” in which!
the Greeks would sit down to
negotiate with Yugoslavia, Albania1
and Bulgaria.
Announced in Athens.
The postponement was announced
last night in Athens by the Greek
Ministry of Justice, which gave no
indication of vchat future action
might be taken in the case.
The 10 seamen had been convicted
of subversive activity by a maritime
tribunal last week. They were
charged with collecting money from
members of the merchant marine to
support the Communist leader, Mar
kos Vaflades, and his rebel guer
rillas.
The executions had been injected
into the hot debate on Greece in |
the U. N. Political Committee by a!
Yugoslav spoksman who read what
he said was a protest from a Greek
trades union in Athens against the
executions.
Australia to Rush Resolution.
Dr. Evatt meanwhile instructed!
the Australian delegate In the Po
jlitical Committee to fight for pass- '
age of a resolution calling for a!
meeting between Greece and her
northern neighbors. Representa-i
I tives of the four nations would meet
| with Dr. Evatt and U. N. Secretary
' General Trygve Lie to determine
| whether there is any chance for suc
cessful conciliation.
Mass executions in Greece were
i protested earlier this year by Brit
lain, France, Russia and Denmark,
but the Greek government rejected
the protests. ,
After 213 prisoners were reported^
executed during the first week in |
May, Press Minister Michael Ali-I
anos said 1,320 persons had been
executed between June, 1946, and
May, 1948.
The U. N. Special Committee on
the Balkans last year asked the
Security Council whether it should i
handle protests against executions
(See GREECE, Page A-6.)
Soviet Plane Reported
Wrecked in Greenland
By lh» Associated Press
COPENHAGEN, Denmark, Nov. 8.
The newspaper Berlingske Tidende
said today a Russian military plane
had crashed in Northern Green
land.
<A spokesman at the American
Embassy in London said Ameri
| can diplomatic and Air Force
officials there had heard no re
| port of such a crash.)
The newspaper, in a London dis
j patch, quoted unidentified Ameri
can sources as saying the crew of
an American reconnaissance plane
sighted the wreckage last Wednes
day while on a routine flight from
a base on the west coast of Green
land.
“Photographs taken by the crew
and later brought to London for
examination show it is a Russian
! plane,” Gerlingskie Tidende said. “A
Soviet red star is seen clearly on the
body of the plane, which is only
partly destroyed.
' “The fate of the crew is not yet
j known. The American plane circled
above the spot for some time, but
there was no sign of life around the
wreckage.”
The newspaper said the werckage
was located near Upernavik and that
jan American rescue party will be
sent to the spot as soon as the
weather permits a plane to land on
the ice.
It added that the crash must have
occurred recently since other Ameri
| can reconnaissance planes flying the
same route lately had not seen the
i wrecked aircraft. i
/CTaND I SEETWO)
OR THREE MILLION /
) REPUBLICANS WHO 1
2. DIDN'T VOTE !
CTbuT I SEE 23^
: MILLION DEMOCRATS
WHO WENT To ^
THE POLLS f J
Truman Plea Forecast
For Revising Tax Cut
In Upper Brackets
Revival of Excess Profits
Levy Proposal Also Seen
By Committee Member
By the Associated f^est
Representative Eberharter,
Democrat, of Pennsylvania said
today he looks for President Tru
man to urge a revision of the
1948 income tax cut.
The idea, Mr. Eberharter said,
would be to pass more of the savings
along to low-income groups by
boosting the levies for those in the
upper brackets.
Mr. Eberharter, a member of the
tax-framing House Ways and Means
Committee, also predicted that Mr.
Truman will revive his excess profits
tax proposal.
However, some of the President’s,
advisers are known to take a dim
view of such a move because of its
possible effect on business.
Martin Sees Higher Taxes.
Meanwhile, House Speaker Mar
tin said that last Tuesday's Demo
cratic victory probably will mean
higher Federal taxes.
“Indications now are that there
will be more instead of less’ taxes,”
the Republican leader told a news
conference. “If we are going to
spend we can't reduce taxes.”
Asked specifically about possible
reductions in excise levies, Mr. Mar
tin told reporters he did not think
there is “much chance.”
There has been considerable spec
ulation that before Mr. Truman
reaches any definite decision on
business taxes he may renew his
plea to industry to lower prices—
and profits.
Hit Income Tax Cuts.
The President had little to say
about an excess profits tax during
his campaign. But he took several
husky swipes at the income tax cut:
bill which the 80th Congress wrote
into law over his veto. He palled it
a "rich man’s” bill.
The main features of that measure
are a $100 increase in the personal
exemption, making it $600 instead of
$500; extension of the community
property principle to all States,
letting husbands and wives split the
the family income for tax-saving
(See TAXES,PageA-4.>
Slow Advance Lifts Stocks
As High as $1 a Share
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, Nov. 8 —A slow re
covery movement developed in the
stock market today, with prices go
ing a few cents to around $1 a share
higher.
| The advance was a continuation
; of the upturn Saturday which end
ed a week in which losses were the
greatest in more than eight years.
Most of the gains today were cen
tered in the railroad, steel and au
tomobile stocks. Some groups, such
as chemical, retail and tobacco
companies lagged behind.
Brokers were cautious in their en
thusiasm over the advancing prices.
They noted the volume of trading
was comparatively low today in
sharp contrast to the surge of selling
in the declining market of last week.
Also in many cases today stocks
moving abruptly higher were cut
back almost immediately in line
with the more modest advances
general throughout the list.
1.000 Air Force Men
Land in Liverpool
•y the Associated Press
LIVERPOOL, England, Nov. 8.—
An Army transport carrying 1,000
American Air Force technicians
docked yesterday at Liverpool.
The new detachment will join
2.000 American airmen now sta
tioned at the RAF base at Burton
wood, where planes used in the
Berlin airlift are serviced.
Campbell to Become
Manitoba Premier
ty ths Associated Press
WINNIPEG, Canada, Nov. 8.—
The next Premier of Manitoba will
be Douglas Lloyd Campbell, 53, Ag
riculture Minister since 1936. He
will replace Premier Stuart Garson,
who .has accepted a Federal cab
inet P06t.
Pacific Sea-Air Search
UnderWay for Lost B-29
By the Associated Press
TOKYO. Nov. 8.—An air and sur
face search of the ocean 250 miles
northwest of Guam for a missing;
B-29 continued today.
The plane, with an unannounced
number of persons aboard, has
been missing since Saturday on a
flight from Okinawa to Guam.
The bomber usually carries a crew
of 11 men.
Martin Says Truman
Will GetWhat He Asks
From New Congress
Veteran G. 0. P. Leader
Expects Party to Adopt
Wait-and-See Policy
TRUMAN VACATION to Be Broken
| by Conferences With Aides.
Page A-3
By J. A. O'Leary
President Truman will be able
to get “anything he wishes from
the new Congress if he wishes
it hard enough,” House Speaker
Martin declared today.
In a press conference at the Cap
I itol shortly after his return to
Washington, the veteran Massachu
setts Republican also said his party!
! will have to wait until it sees the!
Truman program before it can for
mulate a set of policies to be fol- j
lowed by the minority.
“I think that before two years are
up we will justify ourselves as a
loyal opposition,” the Speaker
added, referring to the date of the !
next Congressional election. Per
sonally, I am going to co-operate
[whenever I think it Ip to the wel
fare of the country.”
Indefinite on Old Job.
To all questions as to whether he
1 will resume his old position as
; minority leader, Mr. Martin avoided
a positive answer. He left the im
pression among some of his inter -
j viewers, however, that he is avoiding
committing himself mainly because
[he has not had time to consult his
’colleagues in the House,
i “I’m not looking for the job and
I’m not running away from it,” he
said.
"If it is offered, you will take it?”
one reporter broke in.
“It depends on the conditions,”
the Speaker added.
The newsmen bombarded Mr.
Martin with the usual flood of
questions as to what caused the un
expected Dewey-Warren defeat, and
got one of the soundest answers yet
heard by them.
“Of course, the main reason was
we didn't get enough votes,” Mr.
Martin said, with a touch of humor.
Sees Prosperity Big Factor.
Then, speaking seriously, he said
the surprising outcome is difficult
to explain. He thought Gov. Dewey
(See MARTIN, Page A-4l
Northern Philippines
Escape Typhoon Blow
ky the Associated Press
MANILA, Nov. 8.—A Pacific ty
phoon, after a feint toward the
Northern Philippines, headed west
ward north of Luzon and is expected
to pass into the China Sea tomor
row.
Winds up to 70 miles an hour
were reported at its center.
Meyers Loses Appeal;
2-1 Decision Upholds
Subornation Verdict
Prettyman Dissents,
Says Judge Should
Have Freed Officer
The United States Court of
Appeals here, in a 2-to-l deci
sion, today upheld the conviction
of former Maj. Gen. Bennett E.
Meyers, retired Army Air Forces
purchasing officer, on charges
that he caused a wartime busi
ness associate to lie to a Senate
subcommittee.
Meyers has been in the District jail
since last March 15, serving a sent
ence of 18 months to 5 years imposed
by Judge Alexander HoltzofI in
District Court. The sentence fol
lowed a District Court jury verdict
finding Meyers guilty on all three
counts of an indictment charging
that he induced Bleriot H. Lamarre,
wartime ‘‘dummy" president of the
Aviation Electrie Corporation of
Dayton, Ohio, to testify falsely in
October. 1947, before a Senate War
Investigating Subcommittee.
Judge Wilbur K. Miller and James
M. Proctor handed down the ma
jority opinion in the Court of Ap
peals today. Judge E. Barrett
Prettyman dissented.
Chargee Held Proved.
The majority opinion, written by
Judge Miller, held that the prosecu
tion in the District Court trial
proved the charges that Lamarre
falsely told the Senate subcommit
tee that Meyers had no financial
interest in the Aviation Electric
Corp.. that the company did not buy
a Cadillac car for Meyers during the
war, and that a $10,000 decorating
job at the Meyers apartment in the
Hotel 2400 here was ,not paid for
out of company funds.
The majority opinion also held
that the Senate subcommittee was
lawfully constituted and that Com
mittee Counsel William P. Rogers
was properly permitted to testify
at the trial in connection with
statements made by Lamarre to
the subcommittee.
The court also overruled a de
fense claim that Meyers was il
legally indicted under the District
statute concerning perjury and
subornation of perjury. The defense
had contended that Meyers, if he
was to be indicted at all, should
have been indicted under the Fed
eral perjury statute.
Prettyman Sees Error.
Judge Prettyman dissented on the
ground that Lamarre's testimony be
fore the Senate subcommittee “was
presented to the trial jury in so un
fair and prejudicial a fashion as to
constitute reversable error.”
He stated that the transcript of
the subcommittee hearings was the
best evidence of what Lamarre tes
tified and that Mr. Rogers was per
mitted at the trial to give “an in
terpretation” of what Lamarre told
the subcommittee.
The dissenting opinion also held
that testimony and evidence at the
trial did not conclusively prove that
Lamarre told the Senate subcom
mitee exactly what the indictment
said he testified concerning the rela
tionship between Meyers and the
Aviation Electric Corporation, the
Cadillac car and the apartment dec
orating job.
“It is my view,” Judge Perttyman
stated, “that upon examination of
(See MEYERS, Page A-4.)
Chest Workers Pushing Drive
To Meet Quotas by Nov. 18
With the presidential election
now out of the way. Community
Chest volunteers were working
against time today to put the
$4,466,790 drive over the top be
fore the closing date, Novem
ber 18.
Chest officials admitted that the
drive had “bogged down” during
election week, but looked forward
to increasing momentum as the nine
Chest units approach their goals.
The enthusiasm of the crowds
which welcomed President Truman
back to the Capital last Friday
promises well for the success of the
Red Feather drive in the commu
nity, according to Chauncey G. Par
ker, general chairman of the cam
paign.
“There is right now in the Wash
ington area a renewed confidence
in the future and a strong sense
that the American people know
which way they are going,” Mr.
Parker said.
Mr. Parker pointed out that many
Government workers who might
have hesitated to contribute to the
Chest because of uncertainty about
the future are now being resolicited
for more generous gifts.
The "loyalties of many Washing
tonians to local interests and con
cerns” have also been stabilized by
the results of the election, Mr. Par
ker said.
C. Girard Davidson, Assistant In
terior Secretary and chairman of
the Government unit, has sent out
a bulletin to his 8,000 volunteers urg
ing that the unit’s $1,524,557 goal be
reached promptly.
The Government Unit led all
(Re CHEST, Page A-4.)
Thomas Indicted
On Charges of
Payroll Padding
House Un-American
Committee Head's
Aide Also Accused
Chairman Thomas of th«
House Committee on Un-Ameri
can Activities was indicted by a
District grand jury today on a
charge of conspiracy to defraud
the Government and three
counts of filing false claims in
connection with his congression
al payroll.
Indicted with the New Jersey Re
publican legislator on the conspir
acy charge was his former secretary,
Miss Helen Campbell.
If convicted, Mr. Thomas faces a
maximum of two years imprison
ment or $10,000 fine or both on the
conspiracy charge and 10 years im
prisonment or $10,000 fine or both
on each of the three counts of filing
false claims—a possible total of 32
years imprisonment or $40,000 fines,
or both.
At his Allendale, N. J„ home, Mr.
Thomas said, ‘‘I have nothing to
say at this moment.” He said he
might have a statement later.
34 Overt Acts Charged.
The conspiracy phase of the in
dictment charged that the co-de
fendants arranged for two women to
be put on Mr. Thomas’ payroll, al
though they never worked for him.
J. PARNELL THOMAS.
—AP Photo.
I It was alleged that the two women
| indorsed their pay to Miss Camp
I bell and she turned it over to Mr.
i Thomas.
j The grand jury cited 34 overt acts
jin connection with this conspiracy
dating from January, 1940, to Jan
uary, 1945.
Named as the two persons placed
on the payroll were the former Myra
! Midkiff, now Mrs. Rean D. Chilson,
! a niece of Miss Campbell, and Ar
nette Minor, a maid jn Miss Camp
bell’s home.
! The counts of filing false claims,
in which only Mr. Thomas was
named, alleged that the legislator on
three occasions filed claims for sal
ary payments to Jacqueline B. Hill
for “services rendered as clerk
typist to the Committee on Un
American Activities.”
On each of the three occasions,
the grand jury charged, Mrs. Hill
did not render any service to the
Un-American Activities Committee.
The sum involved in each of the
three cases, the grand jury said, was
$293.59. The payments were made
for December, 1947; January, 1948,
and February, 1948, the grand jury
charged.
In each case the indictment
charged that Mr. Thomas knew thaj;
the salary claims were “false, ficti
tious and fraudulent.”
Plan Is Outlined.
Outlining the plan for the alleged
conspiracy, the grand jury charged
that in order to cover up the former
Miss Midkiff’s “fraudulent and fic
titious employment,” Mr. Thomas
paid the income tax due on Miss
Midkiff’s salary.
As the first overt act, the indict
jment stated, in January, 1940, Mr.
(See THOMAS, Page A-6.)
Cotton Crop Forecast
Up 87,000 Bales
By the Associated Press
The Agriculture Department, in
its semifinal report of the year, to
day estimated this year's cotton
crop at 15,166,000 bales of 500
'pounds gross weight.
This estimate is 87,000 bales more
than the 15,079,000 forecast a month
ago. It compares with last year’s
crop of 11.857,000 and with the 1937
46 average of 12,014,000.
In an accompanying report, the
Census Bureau said 10,432,934 bales
from this year's crop had been
ginned prior to November 1* This
compared with 8,368,643 ginned to
the same date last year and 5,726,145
1 to the same date two years ago.
The yield of lint cotton per acre
was estimated at 312.1 pounds. This
compares with 267.3 pounds last year
and 254.2 for the 10-year average.
Production of American-Egyptian
cotton was estimated at 2,800 bales
compared with 1,200 last year and
30,600 for the 10-year average -
Clay Will Join British,
French in Talks Today
•y the Associated Pros
HERFORD, Germany, Nov. 8.—
Gen. Lucius D. Clay, American com
mander in Germany, will join Brit
ish and French officers today in
talks designed to unify the armiea
of Western Europe.
British Field Marshal Viscount
Montgomery met last night with
Gen. Sir Brian Robertson and Gan.
Pierre Koenig, the British and
French military governors in Ger
many. General Clay will join
them.
Marshal Montgomery is chairman
of the Military Committee of the
Western European Union, composed
of Britain, France, Belgium, Tha
Netherlands and Luxembourg.

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