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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 09, 1948, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Considerable cloudiness with highest in lower
60s today. Cloudy tonight, occasional light
rain, low about 50. Tomorrow mostly cloudy
and mild with showers. (Full report on A-2.)
Midnight .44 6 a.m.47 11 a.m_58
2 a.m_42 8 a.m_40 Noon_59
4 a.m.46 10 a.m_55 1 p.m.61
Lote New York Morkets, Poge A-Z3.
Guide for Readers
Page
After Dark..B-12
Amusements_B-20
Comics.B-18-19
Editorial.._A-12
Editorial Articles A-1S
Finance ._A-23
Page
Lost and Pound.-A-3
Obituary .A-14
Radio .-B-19
Society, Clubs—..B-3
Sports..A-19-21
Woman’s Page —B-10
An Associated Press Newspaper
96th Year. No. 314. Phone ST. 5000
** ' WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1948—FORTY-FOUR PAGES.
-1-*_________*
City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday. *1.20 a Month. Whan S K T
Sundays. SI.30. Ntfht Pinal Edition. 21.30 and SI.40 per Month * JllXN J. O
U. N. Bid to Aid
Greece Rejected
By Yugoslavia
Country to Continue
Boycott of Special
Balkan Commission
•y **>• Associated Press
PARIS, Nov. 9.—The United
Nations Political Committee
asked Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and
Albania today to co-operate with
Greece in settling the Balkan
crisis stemming from the Greek
civil war. Yugoslavia served
notice of defiance, saying she
would continue to boycott the
U. N. special Commission on the
Balkans.
Forty-three of the Political Com- j
mittee's 58 member nations backed
the move for co-operation. The six
nation Soviet bloc again refused to
vote.
The committee resumed this morn
ing its voting on individual para
graphs of a resolution proposed by
the United States, Britain, France
and China.
The delegates yesterday approved
a paragraph condemning Yugo
slavia, Bulgaria and Albania for
aiding Greece’s Communist guer
rillas.
Calls for Co-operation.
The first paragraph approved this
morning by the committee again
calls on Albania, Bulgaria and Yugo
slavia to co-operate with Greece in
an effort to settle the Balkan dispute
by peaceful means.
The Western powers won majorities
of 48 to 50 votes out of 58 for sec
tions of their resolution. A simple
majority of those present and voting
is required for committee passage.
In the General Assembly, final ap
proval is voted by a two-thirds
majority.
On the first ballot today, 43 del- j
egates voted for the call for co
operation. The six Slav nations
announced again they were not tak
ing part in the vote by paragraphs.
Nine countries were absent. Most
of the late-comers were in their
places on the next vote.
By a vote of 50 to 0, the commit
tee then approved a paragraph call
ing on Albania, Bulgaria and Yugo
slavia to co-operate with UNSCOB.
Greek Problem Debated.
The Political Committee next took
up a Greek proposal calling on all
U. N. members and all other coun-;
tries to which Greek children havei
been removed by Greek guerrillas
to send them back to their homes.
Julius Katz-Suchy of Poland op
posed this. He said Greek children
are being well cared for in Rumania,
Czechoslovakia. Yugoslavia, Al
bania and Bulgaria.
The Polish delegate called on the
Greek delegation to state what
Greece planned to do with those
children on their return.
"Maybe they (the government!
will punish them for the sins of
their parents,” Mr. Katz-Suchy de
clared. He demanded that the
children be permitted to remain
where they are until the Greek
problem is settled.
The committee then recessed for
lunch without a vote on this phase.
Man, 65, Injured in Fight
After Auto Crash, Dies
Audie S. Carroll, 65, who was in
jured in a fight after a minor
automobile accident, died today in
Arlington Hospital.
Arlington police said Mr. Carroll,
who lived at 829 South Glebe road,
Arlington, was involved in a fight
Friday night with Benjamin Lee
Griffin, 32. the driver of the other
car, after a crash at Wilson boule
vard and North Fillmore street,
Arlington.
Griffin was charged with felonious
assault and was free under $2,500
bond. Assistant Commonwealth’s
Attorney Thomas Gilmer said the
charge against Griffin would be
changed to manslaughter. Griffin,
a mechanic, lives at 2120 South
Second street, Arlington.
Mr. Carroll was an auditor at the
Fort Myer post exchange.
Below-Zero Temperatures
Reported in Rockies
By the Associated Press
CHICAGO, Nov. 9—Temperatures
dipped to below zero in the Rocky
Mountain region and were below
freezing over Midwest sections and
the Texas Panhandle today.
Generally mild weather was re
ported from east of the Mississippi
River to the Atlantic Coast.
The cool belt covered the Rocky
Mountain States, the Southern
Plains and the Dakotas, Nebraska,
Montana and Minnesota
It was 4 below at Eagle, Wyo., 3
below at Leadville, Colo., and 2 at
Laramie, Wyo.
Late News
Bulletin
Commissioners Cut Fees
For Stadium Protection
The fees for special police
and fire protection at stadiums
and arenas here were cut more
than half today when the
Commissioners revised the
regulations under which pro
moters were charged the wages
of the police and firemen for
their time on special duty.
The Commissioners agreed to
limit the number of men on
special duty. Clark Griffith,
owner of the Washington Na
tionals. whose fee was cut
from $20,000 to less than $10,
990 a year, agreed to drop
court suits he had instituted
•gainst the fees.
Shanghai Food Situation Worst
In Years, Faith in Regime Drops
Ten Weeks of Economic Restrictions Followed
By Ten Days of Frantic, Unbridled Inflation
ty tht Asiociottd Prm
SHANGHAI, Nov. 9.—Shanghai
today is facing its most critical
food situation in modern times.
Ten weeks of choking economic
restrictions and the 10 days of
frantic, unbridled inflation which
followed have left the once great
center of commerce a city of closed
shops, sporadic rice raids and
strikes.
Chinese reports from the immed
iate interior add tales of gang raids
on surrounding villages, which are
being stripped clean of edibles.
Duiing the weeks of economic reg
ulation, the flow of food from the
interior dried to a trickle because
of the low-ceiling prices prevailing
here.
The government expected that
when the ceilings were lifted the
normal flow would be resumed. But
military disasters of the last two
weeks have thrown those hopes
askew. Faith in the government
has plummeted to a new low.
And so has plunged the confidence
in the new gold Yuan. No one,
particularly the farmer, wants any
part of it.
Prices have cliftibed as they never
climbed before—doubling or more
daily.
Chinese officials in Shanghai and
Nanking have promised daily that
the government either would start
dumping rice or start rationing to
ease the shortage, which borders
on starvation for hundreds of thou
sands. But no rice has been forth
coming.
Peter Cneng, secretary to the
Mayor, told the Associated Press to
.day that the fault lay with the
'municipal authorities. The Ameri
can Chinese aid mission and the
i municipality agreed to a relief plan
by which each would contribute 50
per cent of the rice rations, he said.
However, last month, he said, due
to the city’s unexplained inability
to obtain rice stocks, the aid mis
; sion contributed the 100 per cent.
Roger Lapham, ehfef of the China
aid mission, stepped into the breach
last night and promised to distribute
American aid rice to tide the Chi
nese authorities over.
But, the situation is becoming
uglier daily and even the American
supplies cannot be distributed for
another two weeks. Meanwhile, the
working Chinese in Shanghai have
more empty rice bowls than at the
worst of World War II, or at any
time during the Japanese occupa
tion.
Mr. Lapham said he was “shocked
at the distress.” He said he had
been forewarned before his return
from Washington of the food situa
tion, "but I could not realize how
grave was the condition of nearly
all classes of people in their search
for food.”
Specifically, Mr. Lapham prom
ised wheat, flour and rice for the
population centers. This is in line
with the decision by Paul G. Hoff
man, economic co-operation admin
istrator, to keep up the flow of rice,
wheat, flour, cotton, fertilizer and
petroleum for China.
Chinese authorities hope the ship
ments will be speeded in order to
discourage possible wholesale riot
ing. Chinese newspapers reported
(See SHANGHAI, Page A-22j
Top U. N. Legal Expert
Assigned to'Berlin's
Currency Problem
Trygve Lie Asks Report
But Preparation of New
Compromise Is Denied
By the Associated Press
PARIS. Nov. 9—Secretary
general Trygve Lie has assigned
his top United Nations legal ex
pert to study the Berlin currency
problem.
Neutral efforts to find a solution
of the Berlin crisis broke down last
month, mainly over the currency
question. Soviet Russia wants So
viet-sponsored marks to be the only
legal money in the blockaded city.
Both Western marks and Soviet
marks circulate in blockaded West
ern Berlin.
Apparently with the view of learn
ing all the angles of that issue, Mr.
Lie directed A. H. Feller, his chief
attorney, to prepare a report on the
currency situation. Informed sources
said Mr. Feller expected to com
plete his study in a few days.
Not Conferring on Deadlock.
A U. N. spokesman said Mr. Lie is
not taking part in any negotiations
on the Berlin deadlock.
The U. N. took this unusual step
in issuing a statement for Mr. Lie
after a report.was published fn New
York that the secretary-general was
preparing a new compromise pro
posal on the Berlin crisis.
Mr Lie himself had nothing to
say, but his spokesman read the
brief statement at a news confer
i ence.
The»statement said: •
“The following statement was is
sued in response to questions. The
secretary-general, Mr. Trygve Lie, is
not participating in any negotia
tions on Berlin. As part of his duty
Is to keep himself informed on all
matters before the United Nations,
Mr. Lie is making a study of the
currency problem in Berlin.
Has Consulted Evatt.
“In this connection, he has con
sulted Dr. Herbert E. Evatt, presi
dent of the General Assembly, and
will consult with Dr. Juan Atilio
Bramugha 'November) president of
the Security Council on his return
from London.'’ !
Reports have persisted here since
the United States, Britain . and
France put their Berlin struggle
i with Russia before the Security)
Council that Mr. Lie was trying to
find a compromise settlement.
Mr. Lie has told associates, how
ever, that he did not believe the time
jwas yet ripe for him to take an ac
| tive hand in settlement attempts.
The currency situation involves
the question whether Russian zone
marks will be put into effect in all
i sectors of Berlin. Western dele
gates have expressed willingness
I 'See CLTRRENC Yj~Page~A^22j
Jop Miners to Strike
TOKYO, Nov 9. (TP).—Union leaders
said today that Japan's 480,000 coal
miners would start a series'of strikes
tomorrow' to back demands for
higher wages and retirement pay.
Negotiations, which began in Sep
tember, were broken off today. The
miners seek a 37 per cent wage
increase.
Kilmer Shooting Case
Goes to Jury; Directed
Verdict Plea Denied
I
Judge Cites Need to Show
Reckless Use of Pistol to
Convict Ex-Policeman
A District Court jury today
began deliberating the question
of whether a former rookie po
liceman, Wayne W. Edmondson,
22, was guilty of “gross negli
gence” when he shot and crip
pled attractive 19-year-old Dor
othy Kilmer in a Fourteenth
street night club last July.
The case went to the jury of nine
men and three,women at 12:25 p.m.
after Judge Alexander Holtzoff In
structed the jurors that it was not
necessary to find that the defendant
intended to shoot the young woman
to convict him on a charge of assault
with a deadly weapon.”
Earlier, the judge denied a defense
motion for a directed verdict on the
ground that no Intent to shoot Miss
Kilmer had been proved.
“If you find the gun was dis
charged accidentally and the negli
gence shown by the defendant was
just ordinary carelessness and not
reckless and wanton disregard lot
the young woman's safety, he must
be found not guilty,” Judge Holtzoff
said.
Prosecution Stresses Carelessness.
In his closing argument to the
jury, Assistant United States At- j
torney William Hitz said the Gov
ernment did not contend Edmondson
intended to shoot Miss Kilmer.
‘In a certain sense,” Mr. Hitz
said, "it was an accidental shooting,
but the defendant was handling the
gun not only in a careless manner
but in such a reckless way as to
show total disregard for the safety
of persons around him.”
Defense Attorney Charles E. Ford
praised Miss Kilmer for the lack of
bias she displayed in her testimony
yesterday.
‘‘How fair,” he said, ‘‘was the tes
timony of this lovely young lady
who has been crippled for life. 5he
was completely devoid of any b;t-|
terness or prejudice against any one,
including the accused.”
Asks Jury to Be Magnanimous.
Mr. Ford asked the jury to be as
magnanimous in returning its ver
dict as Miss Kilmer was in explain
ing the circumstances of the shoot
ing, which occurred in the Palm
Grove night club, where she worked.
July 29.
Edmondson did not take the
stand in his own defense.
Yesterday a directed verdict of ac
quittal was ordered for Roland H.
Holifield, 26, who had been charged
with assault, along with Edmondson.
He also was a policeman at the time
of the shooting.
Mr. Ford asked for the directed
verdict for Holifield after Mr.
Hitz, in his opening statement, told
the jury that the Government would
not press the assault charge against
him, but would ask his conviction on
a charge of failing to arrest Ed
mondson. Judge HoltzofI directed
that Holifield be tried separately on
the latter charge.
Miss Kilmer, whose spinal cord
was severed when she was shot,
(See KILMER, Page_A-22 i
ECA to Poll Europe on Aid;
Faith in Sampling Unshaken
ply th« Associated Pro**
The Economic Co-operation Ad
ministration is going ahead with
plans for a “scientific poll" to find
out how much the people of Europe
know about the European Recovery
Program.
| Bryan Houston, ECA information
director, said in response to ques
tions that there had been no thought
of dropping the plan since the upset
| of election polls.
“I wanted these surveys made
before the election, and I want them
now,” the ECA official said.
Complete plans have not jellpd,
but it Is understood the European
polltakers will survey four of the
16 nations participating in the ECA
program. Mr. Houston explained:
“I have been getting conflicting
! reports from people returning from
Europe on how much the people
over there know about the recovery
program. I’d like these polltakers
to find out how much the people
themselves really know about
America's big attempt to help their
recovery, what they think of the
Marshall Plan, and do they find it
is helping them.”
Mr. Houston said negotiations are
being continued with European
polling organizations affiliated with
Dr. George Gallup and Elmo Roper,
but neither of the United States
firms will conduct the proposed sur
vey.
How does Mr. Houston feel about
the value of polls?
"They have a very high average,
and I wish mine was half as good,”
he said.
Britain Denies
Having Troops
In Palestine
Rearming of Iraq
And Trans-Jordan
Charged by Israel
ly th« Associated Press
TEL AVIV, Israel, Nov. 9.—
Israel formally asked the United
Nations truce headquarters to-!
day to investigate reports that
“not inconsiderable numbers of
British troops have -entered
Trans-Jordan and that some of
them have entered Palestine,
i The British War Office in
London issued a denial, saying
“We have no troops in Trans
Jordan and there is no question
of any British troops going back
into Palestine since the evacua
tion.”)
The Israeli government also
charged the British with wholesale
rearming of both Iraq and Trans
Jordan, Arab foes of Israel. It wrote
the headquarters of the mediator.
Dr. Ralph Bunche, that large ship
ments of arms and military equip
ment for Iraq, including tanks of
all classes, have arrived at the port
of Basra in a British ship.
A letter from Dr. Walter Eytan of
the Israeli Foreign Office declared
that if the reports of British troop
movements proved true, “they would
be flagrant violations.”
The Arab Legion of Trans-Jordan
is British trained and subsidized. It
bore the brunt of the summer fight
ing in the Jerusalem area.
Unofficial reports persisted here
today that t¥ Egyptians are evac-!
uating Gaza, a Southern Palestine
port which partition gave to the
Arabs. <Egyptian Army headquar
ters denied Gaza had fallen.)
Air Force Remark Cited.
Private Jewish sources declared
British troops were moving into
sections of Eastern Palestine held
by the Arab Legion. These inform
ants said the British came from
troop bases at Marfrak and Aqaba,
Trans-Jordan.
An Israeli spokesman called at- 1
tention to a speech in which King
U. N. to End Session
In Paris by Dec. 16,
Reopen in U. S. Jan. 1
By the Associated Press
PARIS. Nov. 9.—The United
Nations Security Council de
cided today to end its Paris
sittings not later than Decem
ber 16, Council '’"legates said.
The Council made this deci
sion at a closed morning ses
sion. 1
Prom December 16 until Jan
uary 1. no meetings will be
scheduled, the delegates said,
except in an extreme emergency.
The Council will resume its
work at Lake Success, N. Y.,
after January 1.
Abdullah said Trans-Jordan "now
has an air force.” The spokesman
said it is “well known Trans-Jordan
never had one before; there has
never been a Trans-Jordan war
plane seen in the skies of the Middle
East and if they have one now, it
was acquired during and in violation
of the truce.”
An unofficial source asserted Brit
ish shipments to Iraq included seme
of the newest British fighter bomb
ers, the Fury. Iraq previously has
used old model Spitfire fighters and
a few medium and light bombers.
Egypt Claims Israel
Is Attacking in Negeb
PARIS, Nov. 9 UP).—Egypt com
plained to the United Nations to-;
day that Israeli forces were at
tacking Egyptian troops in the
Faluja area of Southern Palestine,
which is covered by the Negeb truce
order. I
An Israeli military spokesman in
Tel Aviv reported earlier that Tgyp-}
tians trapped in the Faluja pocket
bega nheavy artillery fire at dawn!
against Israeli positions, but the
firing later died down. The impli
cations was that the Egyptians had
failed in an attempt to withdraw-.
The Egyptian charge was tele
phoned from Cairo to the acting
Palestine mediator, Dr. Ralph J.
Bunche, as the Security Council ex
plored a new approach to the Pal
estine peace—transforming the pres
ent truce into a U. N.-sponsored
armistice.
The U. N. representative in Cairo
said the Egyptians threatened to
retaliate unless the reported Jewish
action was halted.
j The Council scheduled two sessions
!for the day, a closed meeting in the
1 morning and a public meeting in the
afternoon.
However, some delegates said, the
Council spent most of the two-hour
morning session deciding when it
would move back to Lake Success,
N. Y.
Dr. Bunche to Be Heard.
Then i? decided to meet again
privately at the afternoon session
to hear Dr. Bunche, and pos
sibly his chief of stall, Brig. Gen.
William E. Riley.
Well-informed sources said the
armistice proposed would include a,
wide separation of the warring Jew- !
ish and Arab forces, creation of
broad demilitarized zones and re
duction of the opposing armies.
It was planned that U. N. machin
ery would be used to establish this
armistice, the sources said.
In the interim, Dr. Bunche would
be directed to settle all current
problems of the present truce.
To do this, he W'ould have author
(See PALESTINE, Page A-22.)
Jerry Cady, Film Writer,
Found Dead on Yacht
Sy rtt. Aiiociat.d Pr.is
AVALON, Calif., Nov. —Jerry
Cady, the screen writer who adapted
“Forever Amber,” was found dead
yesterday on his yacht docked in
Avalon Bay, Santa Catalina Island.
/^Ifanybodywntsto^I
) KNOW HOW TO HANDLE A {
SPLIT PARTY I'LL BEGLAD
TO ADVISE..
, JOmWHE
LIBERAL REPUBLICANS
DOWN WITH THE t
OLDGUARD f
Biffle Conference With Truman
Awaited as Inaugural Kickoff
Democratic Leader Leaves for Florida
To Discuss Chairman for Celebration
(See Editorial, "No Time to Lose," on Page A-12.)
A forthcoming conference between President Truman and
Leslie Biffle in Key West, Fla., was awaited with keen interest
here today as the kickoff on plans for what may be the most im
pressive inaugural celebration since 1933.
Mr. Biffle, expected to resume his former post as Senate sec-!
retary in January, left for Florida today to discuss the selection
of a chairman for the general committee on inaugural arrange
ments.
The President is expected to name the chairman in Key West
within several days.
Mr. Biffle, it was learned, dis
cussed several men with Mr. Tru
man last Saturday, but no decision
was made.
Once the chairman has been
chosen, the success of the inaugural
events will depend on the co-opera
tion of Washington civic leaders,
businessmen and trade groups.
The District Commisioners. it was
learned, are awaiting only word
from Key West before pushing their
arrangements.
Truman Will Welcome
Barkley at Key West1
Vacation Spot Today
Announcement of Coming
Visit by Wallgren Stirs
Cabinet Speculation
By Joseph A. Fok
Star Staff Correspondent
KEY WEST, Fla., Nov. 9.—
President Truman today will
welcome his Vice President-elect
to his vacation retreat at the
Naval Submarine Base.
Senator Barkley took oft from
Washington at 10 a.m. on his flying
trip to join the President. He was
accompanied by Leslie Biffie, who
is scheduled to become secretary j
of the Democratic-controlled Sen
ate when it organizes in January, j
They will be met at the Boca
Chica airport by Capt. Robert L.
Dennison, the President's naval
aide, ar.d will be driven the 8 miles
to the temporary White House at
the base.
The arrival of these key figures
in the new administration may
mean an interruption to Mr. Tru-'
man's program of loafing, but today
he kept his schedule. He got up
before 7 a.m., ate a breakfast of
bacon and eggs, signed a few papers
and then left for the beach to enjoy
the sunshine and surf.
Wallgren to Visit.
Meanwhile, speculation on new
cabinet possibilities tfere stirred
anew when the President revealed
last night that Gov. Mon C. Wall
gren of Washington, who was de
feated by Arthur R. Langlie, Re
publican, is coming for a visit.
The President's announcement
was responsible for throwing Gov.
Waligren's name into the pot, along
with those of others figuring in
prospective top-flight personnel
changes when the new presidential
tern- opens on January 20. Mr.!
Truman said his old friend will
come to Key West next week.
Immediately, White House re
porters who know of the Presi
dent’s high regard for Gov. Wall
gren and the reciprocal esteem in
which the Washingtonian holds Mr.
Truman, started trying to figure;
just where Gov. Wallgren might
(See TRUMAN, Page A-22.1 !
From the President's headquar
ters at Key West, The Star learned
today that, while the President has
not discussed details, he will follow
the recommendations of advisors as
to the extent of the inaugural cele
bration.
Hotel reports already indicate that
while some space for the inaugura
tion is still available, it is goihg fast.
The Board of Trade, in anticipation
of record crowds, is bringing its list
(See INAUGURAL, Page A-22.T~
Right of Citizens Here
To Sue Outside D. C.
Studied by High Court
Validity of 1940 Law
Is Basic Issue in Case
Taken Under Advisement
The Supreme Court today
weighed far-reaching final argu
ments in an effort to decide
whether Congress in 1940 or
Chief Justice Marshall in 1805
was right on the question of al
lowing District citizens to sue
and be sued in Federal courts
outside of Washington.
A connection between that issue
and the right of District citizens to
vote and have representation in
Congress came out in a discussion
between several of the justices anti
Solicitor General Philip B. Perlman.
Mr. Perlman, speaking for the Jus
tice Department in behalf of broad
er Federal court jurisdiction- for
District litigants, said he believed
Congress has power to permit Dis
tiict citizens to vote in national
elections.
The court took the litigation issue
under advisement, after almost three
hours of oral argument late yester
day on a $10,000 insurance contract
case between the National Mutual
Insurance Co. of Washington and
the Tidewater Transfer Co., Inc., of
Virginia.
The basic Issue was validity of a
1940 congressional enactment, au
thorizing Federal Court jurisdiction
throughout the United States in
civil suits between citizens of the
District and the States and terri
tories. That statute was declared
unconstitutional last year by a Fed
eral District Court in Baltimore and
the United States Court of Appeals
in Richmond, in dismissing the In
surance company’s suit.
1805 Ruling Cited.
Arguments on both sides yesterday
went back repeatedly to an 1805
ruling by Chief Justice Marshall.
He held that the District is not a
State within the meaning of the
Constitutional section relating to
the judicial power and diversity of
citizenship among States and that
District citizens, therefore, could not
(See JURISDICTION~Page A-22.)
Teacher Seeks Tax Deduction
For Summer School Expenses
By the Associated Press
A Virginia teacher sought United
States Tax Court support today of
her claim that summer school ex
penses are deductible in figuring
income tax.
After Mrs. Nora Payne of Danville
testified about her reasons for de
ducting $239 she spent in summer
training, Judge William W. Arnold
commented:
“You have a very interesting ques
tion, I’ll say that.”
He then allowed 45 days for filing
of briefs.
Government counsel explained
later that the question was new so
far as the teaching profession is
concerned.
Counsel for Mrs. Hill, head of the
English department in Danville's
Georg* Washington High School,
argued that the summer school at
tendance was required by State
authorities for her to keep her job.
The only alternative, he said, was
a reading course which he contend
ed would not have given the bene
fits of a summer school.
Government counsel contended the
expenses were personal and not de
ductible as business expenses.
Mrs. Hill testified the summer
school course she took at Columbia
University helped especially in her
teaching of short story writing.
She said she could not have ob
tained from reading such benefits
as studying under a professional
writer and hearing criticism of her
own and others' work as a group.
Mrs. Hill, who has been teaching
for 30 years, said she "tried to be
(See TAX, Page A-22.)
Housing Chief to Ask
Tighter Rent Controls
And Year's Extension
Woods Wants Congress
To Plug Loopholes in
Law Ending March 31
By the Associated Press
Housing Expediter Tighe Woods
will ask the new Congress for
tighter rent controls for “at least
another year.”
A spokesman for Mr. Woods gave
this word to reporters today. He said
the housing expediter believes the
new law should carry criminal pen
alties for violations and should plug
"some of the loopholes in the pres
ent law.”
The proposed one-year continua
tion of rent controls would be from
next March 31, when the present law
expires.
Among other things, it was stated,
Mr. Woods will ask:
1. Control over eviction*.
2. Triple damages to tenants who
are overcharged.
3. Criminal penalties for rent ceil
ing violations, including lines or
jail terms or both.
The spokesman Indicated that the
idea as to Federal control over
evictions is to give tenants some
period of time during which they
could not be evicted.
At present, evictions are governed
by the local laws in each community.
The recommendations to be urged
by Mr. Woods would restore vir
tually all the teeth contained in
rent control when it was adminis
tered by OPA In wartime.
The triple-damage provision is
not contained in the present act.
which wefit into effect last April
1. The only penalty which can
be invoked by the Office of the
Housing Expediter is the restoration
to the tenant of the actual amount
of the overcharge.
Chest Workers Hold
Report Session Today
Volunteer Workers of the 1949
Community Chest campaign are
hoping to pass the $3,000,000 mark
at the report meeting to be held
today in the Hotel Washington.
To reach this goal, the nine re
porting units will have to turn in
about $300,000 among them. At the
last general report meeting held
Friday, the score stood at $2,703,212
collected, for 59.1 per cent of the
$4,566,790 goal.
Chauncey G. Parker, general cam
paign chairman, urged workers at
that time to strive for the $3,000,000
goal by today. The drive for the
support of 104 Red Feather agen
cies in the Washington area is
scheduled to end next week.
One factor which makes for op
timism by Chest officials is the re
port that gifts in the two business
units of the campaign have in
creased considerably within the last
l week. The units, which between
l them are responsible for the collec
Ition of more than half the total
goal, lagged badly at the start of
| the drive.
The resolicitation of Government
workers, some of whom may have
hesitated to contribute because of
the uncertainty of the presidential
: election, also Is expected to boost the
! amount turned in today, officials
j said.
Gen. Paul, Army Personnel
Chief, Asks to Retire Dec. 1
By the Aiiociattd Pr.ji
Lt. Gen. Willard S. Paul, Army
director of personnel and adminis
tration. has asked to be retired
December 1.
Announcing this today, the •Army
said Maj. Gen. Edward H. Brooks,
commanding general of Army forces
in the Caribbean, will succeed Gen.
Saul. ,
There have been reports that Gen.
Paul has had several offers from
| civilian concerns. He was not avail
able for comment.
Gen. Paul is 54. a native of
Worcester, Mass., and wartime com
mander of the 26tJ» Infantry Divi
sion in Europe. He has been per
sonnel director since October, 1945.
Gen. Brooks, a native of Concord,
N. H., commanded the 2d Armored
Division and later the 6th Corps in
Prance. He has been in the Carib-!
bean since September, 1947.
Family Evictions
Called Problem
For Congress
40 Must Be Moved
From Homes on Site
For Senate Building
By Harold B. Rogers
Congress should tackle the
problem of rehousing 40 families
to be evicted this winter and next
spring from low-rent quarters
on the site of the new Senate
Office Building, in the opinion of
leading housing experts here.
The Washington Housing Associa
tion has recommended that Con
gress appropriate funds for the Na
tional Capital Housing Authority to
build low-rent homes.
John Ihlder, executive officer of
the NCHA today said he agrees
with this proposal.
It's up to Congress." he empha
sized, "because Congress is evicting
these people.”
Long NCHA Waiting List.
Shortage of Shelter in Washing
ton, Mr. Ihlder said, will create a
serious predicament for those who
will be evicted. There are 18,000
families on the waiting list for
8,100 dwelling units under control
of NCHA, Mr. Ihlder said. Those
evicted by the Government have
priority. But there are no vacan
cies now. he said.
Col. Waldron E. Leonard, director
of the District Veterans’ Housing
Center, which lists available dwell
ings. said he could see no immediate
solution to the problem. It defi
nitely is the responsibility of some
Federal agency, he emphasized.
Home owners and renters in the
.area, it was learned today, have be
gun to worry as cold weather ap
proaches and the Government
pushes forward its program to pur
chase or condemn their homes.
Still in Dark.
These people, The star found in
a spot check, are having no luck'in
finding rooms, apartments or homes
they can afford to buy. They don’t
know how soon the Government will
take over their present homes. And
the owners don’t know how much
the Government will pay for the
property and consequently how
much money they will have to buy
new places.
The area, facing First street, op
posite the present Senate Office
Building, between B and C street*
N.E., is being acquired by condem
nation through a suit in District
Court. As soon as title passes to th*
Government people will be evicted
and the buildings razed. Destruc
tion is expected to begin in the
spring.
There are mbre than $0 families
in the area and mfcny single per
sons. Forty families are within the
low-income range and can afford
only the lowest rents. Many of
these live in Schott’s alley, a notori
ous slum area, within sight of the
present Senate Office Building.
Facing the three street frontages
are old residences, several of them
fine old structures, occupied for the
most part by renters. Many Gov
ernment employes live there.
Survey Presented Lynn.
A comprehensive survey of the
entire half block to be acquired,
running eastward to the alley, was
made by the Washington Housing
Association, disclosing the dire need
for low rentals to house those
evicted.
Results of the survey were pre
sented recently to David Lynn,
architect of the Capitol, who is in
charge of the new office building
project.
Forty of the renting families
found in the area would be de
prived of low-rent housing by action
of the Federal Government, Mr.
Lynn was informed by Sydney Mas
len, association vice president.
"We believe,” he wrote to Mr.
Lynn, “that the Government should
| assume responsibility for their re
| housing. One precedent is that
: families displaced for the Navy
: Yard during the war were rehoused
through funds provided to the Na
; tional Capital Housing Authority."
Late for Needs.
Mr. Ihlder agreed with this,
pointing out, however, that con
gressional appropriations now would
| be too late to meet the* immediate
needs of the persons to be ousted
I by spring.
Mr. Lynn said he had been in
; formed by an official of NCHA that
a study of the area and the people
i to be dispossessed would be made by
the Tenant and Community Rela
tions section of NCHA.
I Meanwhile, Mr. Ihlder said, hia
office will be glad to receive appli
cations from those to be evicted for
; whatever vacancies occur in the
i NCHA homes here.
Such applications, he explained,
may be filed at his office, 1737 L
street N.W. They will be consid
ered, along with the priority they
have because the applicants are be
ing evicted by the government.
Mn Lynn expects to begin nego
tiations with property owners as
soon as he receives a report from
the Justice Department prepared by
three appraisers on the estimated
value of each parcel. This report
is expected late this week, or next
week, he said.
Selling Rush Drops Stocks
As Much as $4 a Share
By th* Associated Press
NEW YORK, Nov. 9.—Leading
stocks were knocked down $1 to
around $4 a share by a sudden blast
of selling in today’s market.
The drop was an abrupt reversal
of an upward trend that started
when the market opened for busi
ness. The uptrend was short-lived.
Selling was fast enough at one
time to put the high-speed ticker
tape three minutes behind actual
transactions.
Stocks marked down included
United States Steel, Youngstown
Sheet, Chrysler, Godrich, Schenley,
American Telephone, General Mo
tors, Du Pont, Sears-Roebuck Corp.,
American Woolen, Standard Oil
(New Jersey) and TWA.

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