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Truman Owes Victory
To Farm Vote, Study Of Returns Reveals Electoral Vote by States Fails to Show Mandate For Taft Act Repeal By David Lawrence President Truman owes his elec tion to the farm vote—and not the labor vote. Examination of the re turns from those districts where sup porters of the Taft-Hartley law were elected or defeated, as the case may be, reveals that, despite gains made by the Democrats In seats for the House of Representatives, Gov. Dewey captured the electoral votes In industrial States. Likewise, it shows that the re mainder of the Taft-Hartley Act supporters were In predominantly agricultural States where the labor vote in the districts affected has in most instances never been a con trolling factor. Not a single Democrat who had voted for the Taft-Hartley law was defeated, whereas three Republi cans who voted against the law, and were thus on labor’s side, failed of re-election—one in New York State, one in tj>e State of Washington and one in Wisconsin. Count on House Seats. In the States with the big elec toral votes—the industrial States— carried by Gov. Dewey, the Republi cans lost 27 who had voted for the Taft-Hartley Act. Many of these Republicans were in districts nor mally Democratic which had gone over to the Republican Party in No vember, 1946, by a narrow margin. Out of the 64 Republican mem bers who lost their seats and who voted for the Taft-Hartley Act, there were 27 in the Dewey States and 37 in the Truman States in the West and North. The electoral votes of these Tru man States were not enough to win the election for Mr. Truman with out the regular Democratic States in the South and the States carried by Gov. Thurmond. For virtually all the Democratic members of the House of Representatives who were re-elected from the South had voted for the Taft-Hartley Act. The 37 congressional seats which the Republicans lost in the Truman States were spread out over the ag ricultural States, and it will be noted that with one or two excep tions. the majority of the delega tion to the House from each State were supporters of the Taft-Hartley, Act with few exceptions. Box Score of Results. The box score of results based solely on how the Taft-Hartlev Act supporters fared in the States car ried by Truman is as follows: %»'-• Seata _ ... , Won. Lost. California .11 3 Colorado_ 2 1 Idaho _ 1 1 Illinois . 10 3 Iowa . 7 0 Kentucky .. 3 1 Massachusetts .7 1 Minnesota_ 5 3 Missouri_ 1 8 Montana _ 1 0 Nevada.. 0 1 - Ohio ...._ 8 8 Oklahoma_ 3 1 Utah _ 0 1 Washington ... 2 0 West Virginia ..0 4 Wisconsin _ 6 1 Wyoming_ 1 0 Totals_ 69 37 Thus it will be seen that out of all the States whose electoral votes Mr. Truman carried, there are only three States where the majority of the Taft-Hartley Act supporters in the respective delegations of those States were defeated. When it can be shown that the congressional sup porters of the Taft-Hartley Act elected outnumbered the members defeated in 18 States in the West and North carried by Mr. Truman it certainly cannot be persuasively argued that the labor vote won the election for Mr. Truman in those 18 western and northern States. Iowa Is Case in Point. The big vote that was gotten out in districts where the labor unions organized the precincts developed I largely in the industrial States where Gov. Dewey won the electoral votes. Certainly Iowa, which re elected all its supporters of the Taft Hartley law and yet gave its elec toral vote to Mr. Truman, is a case in point. It was the drop-off of the Repub lican vote In the farm States carried by Mr. Truman which turned the election. This, incidentally, explains one reason why the polls on the gen eral election as well as prophecies by campaign managers went wrong— the farm areas are hard to canvass because of the distance between farms and the uncertainty as to what proportion of the vote will go to the polls if the weather is in clement. As for the Taft-Hartley Act repeal I or modification, there certainly is' nothing conclusive in the election! returns to show that the majority of! the people have given Congress a mandate on this question. 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Charles de Gaulle, "strong man” of Prance, have obtained a smashing victory by becoming the strongest group in the Advi sory Council of the Republic. The council is comparable to a certain extent to our Senate, although it has not the same legislative pow ers. The present government will have greater dif ficulty in having its laws ratified by that body than in the past. Constantine Brown. This, according to some observers,! will tend to increase the troubles of the shaky and ever changing French cabinets. The victory of the De Gaulle forces is taken as an indication that his strength is growing and in the political-economic crisis which many expect to occur before the end of the year, De Gaulle may emerge as the man of the hour. Deep-seated Troubles. Conditions in France, however, are so disturbed and the people so divided that, while it is conceded the country may have a De Gaulle government within the next weeks, it is questionable whether it will be able to bring real order in the country. France’s troubles are not only economic and political. They are deep seated and have been ex pressed by a modest workman in the typically French manner: "The Germans have destroyed stones and bricks in Britain but in France they have destroyed the soul.” The great weakness of the country, according to political observers who have studied the situation on the spot, is that the great middle class which always has been the stabiliz ing element, is now by way of disap pearing. It is being ground between the two great classes: The upper, represented by the group of new war-rich profiteers, black mar keteers and other individuals w’ho' have taken advantage of unsettled conditions and built for themselves fortunes through ill-gotten gains,! and the farmers, who are better off than ever before and who dispose of their produce at abnormally high prices in the black market. There still is little butter, milk and other dairy products available at regular prices for the middle-class families although government sta I tistics show that France has more 'cattle on its farms than in 1938. The workers are in a lesser pre dicament because they can obtain | through their own co-operatives, assisted by the government, some of these vital products. This is especially true in the case of those who are either members or affiliates of the Communist Party. But the middle classes, officials, professors, clerks, lawyers, doctors, shopkeepers and people living on the meager yield of their past investments, are in desperate plight and are gradually being squeezed out. Political and social conditions in France will call for an eventual showdown by force. And there is little if any fight left in the bourgeoisie to be of any value to the man on a white horse. Communists Still Strong. It is an open secret that if Presi dent Vincent Auriol is compelled to call on Gen. De Gaulle to form a government, the head of Free France will have to face a civil war before he establishes his authority. The Communists, headed by Maurice Thorez, while losing battles at the polls where the vote is secret and the timid souls can vote without fear of retaliation, are still a force with which any French government must reckon. The Communists control the ma jority of the General Confederation of Labor and have demonstrated that they can order strikes any day they want and their orders will be obeyed. The fact that the strikes have heretofore lasted only a limited time is regarded by wishful thinkers as a victory for, the government. In fact, they were stopped only after they achieved their objective of further crippling the country’s re covery. According to all available information, the Communist leaders, acting on orders from Moscow, are determined to have a showdown on a large scale should DeGaulle be entrusted with the reins of the government. The French leader can count, so at least he thinks, on the police and the armed forces. But whether these alone will be able to meet the situation for any length of time, particularly if a strike is ordered and is backed by the militant forces of the Communists, headed by the former naval officer, Andre Marty, is a question which only the future will decide. Last Sunday's1 victory of Gen. de Gaulle shows unquestionably that many French voters have had enough and would welcome a chance for a more stable and energetic ad ministration. But it is questionable in the event that DeGaulle is asked to form a cabinet, whether such a victory alone would be sufficient. 47 Out of 60 Responded Financing of Truman Campaign Put Heavy Burden on Loyal Party Leaders By Doris Fleeson When the great financial drought, covered the Democratic National j Committee and relief from Southern, industrial and other normal chan nels seemed hopeless, Presi dent Truman invited a group of 60 Democrats to the White House. About 47 re sponded. The President put the situation to them plainly* and asked them to do what they could. They chose Louis Johnson, e x Secretary of Dorif Fleeson. War, as chairman and by prodigious effort did the major financing of the campaign. The President, ap predating that they were striving; in a cause already labelled lost, kept in close and sympathetic touch with them. He therefore knows better, than most Presidents the true score of his indebtedness to the point where it is quite useless for johnny come-latelys to crowd into the pho tographs now being taken. To an unusual degree, the Truman financiers had to bear down on personalities. With other sources frozen, they had to depend on peo ple they themselves knew, on high level appointees on whom they felt the party had some claim, on Dem ocrats whose affluence stemmed largely from political connections. Heavy Burden on Loyal. This was sometimes touchy going; sometimes it placed on the loyal an unduly heavy burden. Now that a gentle rain of checks from the con trite and the second-guessers has begun to soften the arid contours oX the Democratic debt, the finance! committee is working harder than ever. i it is still raising money and has set itself a goal sufficient to put everybody's hands back in their own pockets and relieve the President and national committee of worry. Its ambition is to finance a com prehensive budget which with the Jackson-Jefferson Day dinners will carry the party up to the next campaign and give it a proper staff. Meanwhile, the record shows that as one wit wired Mrs. India Ed wards, women’s division chairman: “Never was so much owed to so few.” Here Is the Score. The score compiled from various Democratic sources: George Allen, the President’s i story-telling friend whom He put on the Reconstruction Finance Cor poration board, is now in private business with directorships linking him to some of the foremost corpor ations in America. Mr. Allen told the committee he’d raise money for the congressional campaigns. Ac tually it got from him between $3,000 and $4,000. His principal boss, Victor Emanuel, the utilities tycoon, gave the Democrats nothing and curtly informed a committee emis sary that he was a Republican. The South helped after all. With aid and advice from L. W. Robert, Jr., former national committee treas urer, Southern Senators and lead ers were quietly contacted and the suggestion put that they could be useful if they would. With the ex ception of Senator Eastland of Mis sissippi, they were polite and co operative and real results flowed forth at crucial moments. This is deeply appreciated, as it is realized these Southerners had a problem at home in the rampant Dixiecrats. It is a major reason why there will be no reprisals in the Eighfcy-first Congress. National Defense Secretary' For restal, a Democrat, told a committee spokesman he was too busy to talk j politics or financing a campaign. Secretary Porrestal is a former part ner in the Wall 8treet firm of Dillon Reed. Navy Secretary John Sullivan, a Democrat, contributed $2,500' and helped raise other funds, never turned down a request to make a speech and did make 16 effective speeches, usually in States where the, Senate races were close. Moderately ‘Helpful.’ War Secretary Royall, a North Carolina Democrat, made some speeches in the South where he was useful. He is rated as "moderately” helpful. Air Secretary Symington, a Dem ocrat, contributed generously and also helped in Congressional races. He was not asked to speak as he is not an effective political speaker. Treasury Secretary Snyder and his family contributed $8,000 which is probably the largest outlay by1 any family for the Truman cam-1 paign. He refused at first to speak but in the later stages of the cam paign made an effective tour to the West Coast, talking to small gatherings of specially selected key | people. Secretary of State Marshall was not asked to participate in the campaign. Secretary of Commerce Sawyer; contributed $1,000, but no other as sistance. Secretary of the Interior Krug gave nothing to the finance com mittee and did not take their tele phone calls. His inspection trips which the Republicans deplored as political did not seem very political to the Democrats. Attorney General Clark, Secretary of Agriculture Brannan and Secre-, tary of Labor Tobin, are given four stars. It is felt that Postmaster Generali Donaldson, a career man, did what' he could, which couldn’t be a great deal. Ex-Secretary Harold L. Ickes didn't give any of the money of which he has plenty but he made helpful speeches. (He complained! that the newspapers didn’t pay enough attention to them, too.) Gave to Legal Limit. W. Averell Harriman, another Wall Streeter, now special repre sentative in Europe of the Eco nomic Co-operation Administration, gave to the legal limit and was nice about it. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, Assistant Secretary of the Air Force and holder of another great American fortune, was "gen erous.” Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air, John Nicholas Brown, also a millionaire, gave $1,000 and iso did his wife. Ambassador to Great Britain. J Lewis W. Douglas, who is usually j described as a copper millionaire, was asked to contribute but did not ! do so. He is a Democrat. Undersecretary of State Robert Lovett, who has and who married a great fortune, is a Republican. He was not asked to contribute and did not do so. Bernard M. Baruch, who earned the President’s ire for refusing to serve as finance chairman and got a sassy letter back, generously aided many Senators and Congressmen as usual. The congressional commit tees are grateful to him no matter what the President feels* The committee was delighted in more ways than one toward the end of the campaign when small checks started coming in from far mers. It gave them their first real hope that the farm vote could be theirs. LUMBING REPAIRS GE. 1068 JSamuel C. Boyd lm. I LOUIE -By Harry Hanan jajalaBdMom id On the Other Hand Election Upsets Hoover Program For Reorganizing Government By Lowell Mellett One other statesman who may be a victim of last Tuesday’s landslide, although the returns in his case won’t be in until sometime during the winter, is Herbert Hoover, former Presi dent. He seems likely to be de feated in the matter of the Hoover Report, due to be pre sented to Con gress January 13. This, by its formal title, will be the Report of the Commis sion on Organ ization of the Executive Lowell Mellett. Branch of the Government. Mr. Hoover is the commission’s chair man and master mind, selected for this role by the Eightieth Congress which created the commission. He has taken his task seriously, con vinced of its importance and hope ful, it is said, of making it some thing of a monument to himself in the field of public service. To that end he has not only exercised his authority as chairman to staff the commission with experts of his own choosing, but has acted himself as director of one of its most important projects; a study of the office of the President and its relation to the Departments and Agencies. Language In Resolution. Above all, the former President has dominated the thinking of the Commission in the realm of political philosophy. It was not contem plated in the beginning that the Commission should enter this realm. The joint resolution creating it, introduced by Representative Clar ence Brown of Ohio and Senator Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachu setts, had stressed efficiency and economy as the objectives sought. But there is language in the reso lution which permits the commis sion to recommend abolishing some government functions if it should so desire. There are many functions of the Government, developed during the New Deal days, that Mr. Hoover unquestionably would like to see abolished. In all sincerity he has felt that under Presidents Roose velt and Truman an alien philosophy has been Introduced into the Amerl 9Vz" BAND SAW <5* rating Table Slices thru 4"x4" with ease. 44.75 A generous capacity far most home shop operations —It cuts to center of 18" circle. See our display of *50 potcer tools for your shop , U b p.. 1700 rpm Motor. (13.80 SATISFACTION GUARANTIED at . . Electric Equipment Co. Mall this ad for FREE circular 2473 Sherman Are. NO. 1919 Open Bats. 'Til 0 P.M. # Plenty of Parkin* HOW! Vz FARE FOR YOUR FAMILY MONDAYS • TUESDAYS WEDNESDAYS When you travel on Northwest Airlines, beginning Mondays, Tuesdays or Wednesdays; with return on the same days of any week, your wife and all children under 22 travel at half fare. Good anywhere on Northwest Airlines domestic system. Phone: STEALING 9000 or your Trowel Agent NORTHWEST l Oliva AIRLINES j 7 Easy ta Um Strip* ONE APPLICATION Makes False Teeth Fit For the Life of Your Plotos If your plates are loose and slip or hurt, use this amazing, pliable, non-porous strip to refit them yourself, for instant and permanent comfort. It's easy. Just lay the Strip on your upper plate or lower plate, then bite and It moulds perfectly. Hardens for lasting at and eomfert. Helps stop the embarrassment of slipping, rock ing plates or the misery of sore gums. Bat anything and talk freely without fear your teeth will loosen. Ends forever the mess and bother of temporary applica tions that last only a few hours or months. Easy to Re-fit and Tightens False Teeth PLASTI-LINER Is tasteless and odorless. Won’t Injure your plate. Guaranteed to give satisfaction or your money back. Removable as per directions. Users say: "Until I used Plastl-Liner I used several kinds of liners without success. Hew 1 ean eat anything”—H. H. M. "My plates are now better fitting than new'—E. C. Plastl-Liner for one denture S1.S6 at Ail Drug Star it. can way of life and he would be happy to see it rooted out. His feeling is largely shared by the pre dominantly conservative commission members and staff experts. As the essentials of the coming report have gradually taken shape it has become clear that its recommendations will include considerable curbing of the Federal powers asserted and respon sibilities accepted during the past 16 years. One observer within the commission has remarked that the majority of the members are un dertaking to repeal the New Deal. Members who can be called liber als have resisted this tendency. They sought through a period of months to have the commission’s work confined to ’’efficiency and economy,” arguing that any change of functions was something for Congress alone to consider. They were overruled. Alarmed Labor Leaden. On one occasion when it was pro tested that *the majority view, fol lowed to its logical conclusion, would mean that the Commission could recommend the rewriting of all the laws enacted since the First Cong ress, Representative Brown, who is a member of the commission, agreed that this is so. He knew it was so, he said, because he wrote the reso lution creating the commission. There has been little publicity concerning the Commission’s cogi tations, but enough has leaked out to alarm labor leaders. They are convinced that labor’s gains of re cent years are in great danger, par ticularly in the matter of social wel fare. They see a disposition on the part of Mr. Hoover to substitute the dole for social security. They are preparing to fight the report when it comes before the Eighty-first Cong ress, in which they expect to have some influence. In this fight they will have the benefit of a carefully prepared mi nority report, signed by at least two members, Dean d. Acheson, former Under Secretary of State, and James H. Rowe, Jr., former Administra tive Assistant to the President. (Copyright ’ 1948 piobe Syndicate). 1 McLemore— Finds Hotel Bath As Public as Lobby By Henry McLemore BEPPU, Japan.—It looks as If I am going to leave this part of Japan without taking a bath. In the hotel where we are stay ing the bath room is just as'; public as the lobby, and I am too old - fash ioned to stroll in there as if it j were a Rotary meeting or a Madison Square Garden rally and start soaping down. I have peeked in the place and j the Japanese j seemed to be having quite a Henry McLemore. time for themselves. Men were scrubbing one another’s backs, ladies were chatting and laughing u if they were at a bridge luncheon, and children were scampering about, letting the suds fall where they would. Reads Up on the Rules. I have read up on the rules of Japanese bathing and they are as complicated as those for interna tional polo. There is no such thing as Just darting into the bathroom and Jumping in the tub. That’s not done at all, and such behavior would earn a fellow social ostracism the second he did it. The approach to the bathroom must be leisurely, even though you are as naked as a jaybird and the winds are whistling down the corridor. As you stroll along you should take time out to admire the view from the windows, study the classical arrangement of the flowers, and bow to passing (and completely clothed) fellow guests. Once inside the room where the tubs are located you should choose your scrubbing partner, the idea be ing that after he has soaped you down and doused you with water ladled from the tub, you are to do the same for him. No one uses soap in the tub. The water must be left as clean as you And it. In short, the tub is for soaking. The water in Japanese tubs is hotter than a fleeing convict. Yet to yell ’’ouch" when you first lower yourself into it is to commit a faux pas of the highest order. Even if your skin falls off, you are sup posed to smile and act as if it were a bit chilly. And under the rules of the game you are not supposed h! % Moore’s Paint Is Eiastie This Is tht season for painting— Interiors and exteriors, and one of the best paints for all kinds of jobs. Is Moore’s. This paint toes on beautifully smooth: fives top performance and is formu lated to contract and expand with temperature changes. Ask about Moore's paint at these stores: Chevy Chase Paint A Hardware Ce. Silver Spring Paint A Hardware Co. Bethesda Paint A Hardware Co. Takema Paint A Hardware Co. Becker Paint A Glass Co., Georgetown Loral Paint A Hardware Co., Hvattsville 922 New York Ave. (1) NA. 8610, Open Mon. thru Sat.. 7 A.M. to 8:30 P.M. to get out of the tub until the hol landaise sauce is passed to you. When you dab yourself with the sauce and are told that you could pass for a lobster, then it is all right to step out and ask someone to dry you off. Gets as Far as the Door. As I said earlier, I have gotten as far as the door of the bathroom, but haven’t quite managed enough courage to go in. Suppose all the gentlemen were engaged in soaping one another and I couldn’t find a fellow traveler to help me? What would I do? Bow low, and ask Madame Butterfly over in the comer for help? Not me. I’ll keep travel ing in Japan until I find an old fashioned tub with lion claw feet, a door that locks, and where I'll be able to soap the back end of the tub and slide down into the water alone. Bathing is not the only part ot Japanese hotels that differ^ from ours. Be sure to bring along your bedroom slippers because you take off your shoes when you go in and wear the slippers down the corridors. ] When you enter your room you kick off the slippers and go barefooted. There are no bedsteads, either. When you are ready to retire a maid rolls your bedding out on the floor, slips you a wooden pillow, and says goodnight. When you get up in the morning the bedding is taken away and your bedroom becomes a combi* nation sittlng room and dining room. You get a pillow to sit on, and that is all. I’d tell you more, but it has started raining and I am going out to stand in the rain, hoping that it will wash a few of these cinders off my neck and face. (Distributed by McNeught Brndlctte, Ine > "Over SO Tears at Ovality Servlet" EXPERT PACKING CRATING China—Glass Furniture Foreign and Domestic Shipments Merchants Transfer A Storage Co. 920 E N.W. NA. 6900 via till \ sunnv \ souTHcnn HOOTS Wm W 24.,00*. rnm " W,/VULCANIA • SATURNIA W* Popular TranS-Atlantic Favorites to GIBRALTAR • GENOA • NAPLES VULCANIA —From Now York, Dae. 2, Jon. 4*, Feb. 4* (*additional call at Cannes), Mar. 4, Apr. 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