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U. S. to Continue Aid
To China at Present Rate, Hoffman Says China’s Nationalist government was assured today of continued American economic.aid in the face of spreading gains by Chinese Com munist armies. The schedule of recovery ship ments to Chinese non-Communist areas “remains the same,” Paul G. Hoffman, head of the Economic Co-) operation Administration, asserted after a top-level policy review last night. His statement followed a meeting with Undersecretary of State Lovett and the ECA and State Department experts on China. Apparently it was decided to con tinue recovery help at the present rate, neither speeding it up nor slowing it down, until the Chinese I situation clarifies. Will Nofc Change Program. Mr. Hoffman said the China aid program, under which rice, wheat, flour, cotton, fertilizer and petrol eum are being shipped, will not vary from terms of the Chinese-American recovery agreement signed on July 3. It was clear, however, that aid would be cut off to any areas taken over by the Communists. Mr. Hoff man said an American-financed food distribution program in Mukden “has of course been discontinued”) sinoe Mukden fell to the Commun ists last week. In Shanghai, meanwhile, Roger D. Lapham, chief of the American aid mission in China, said American food will make up the major portion of rations to be started in Shanghai at the end of this month. Blames Government. Mr. Lapham said he was shocked at the distress noticeable in Shang hai on his return there from Wash ington. "I had been warned in Washington,” the Associated Press quoted him as saying, “but I could not realize how grave was the con dition of nearly all classes of people in their search for food.” He blamed the Chinese govern ment’s “unsound economic measures and poor planning” for the food shortage. Some rioting and panic because of the lack of food was reported in Shanghai and other coastal cities. A Chinese Embassy spokesman here said his government is con sidering making Dr. H. H. Kung, former Chinese Finance Minister now in Riverdale, N. Y„ where he has been undergoing medical treat ment, a special representative of Chiang Kai-shek to the United States. He would deal with emer gency political and economic matters. Funeral Rites Today For Mrs. George Hill Funeral services were to be held this afternoon for Mrs. Elizabeth Collison Hill, 59, church organist, piano teacher and composer. She died of a heart attack Saturday at her home, 5207 Fourteenth street N.W. The rites were to be in the Birch funeral home, 3034 M street N.W., followed bt burial in Glenwood Cem etery. Mrs. Hill, a native of Washington, was the wife of George C. Hill, Navy Department scientist whom she married in 1920. Trained in music at Peabody lnstitute, Baltimore, Mrs. Hill has been organist and chior di rector at a number of Washington churches, including West Washing ton Baptist Church, Emory Meth odist Church and the First Baptist Church. One of her compositions was a Mother’s Day song, “Once More to Touch Her Fragile Hand.” In addition to her husband, Mrs. Hill is survived by a son, David C. Hill, an Army employe in Japan; three sisters,.Mrs. Mattie G. Wallace, 1445 Spring road N.W.; Mrs. Laura C. Ray, 5223 Reno road N.W., and Mrs. John P. Yeatman, 2608 Tilden street N.W., and a brother, G. Chester Collison, 1371 Rittenhouse street N.W. Hospital Center Architect Stresses Latest Devices Every known labor-saving device for nurses, as well as new facilities for the comfort of patients, are being planned for Washington's pro posed new hospital center, accord ing to Gilbert Stanley Underwood, consulting architect of the Public Buildings Administratioh. As architect in charge of design-: ing the center to be built on the ! site of the Naval Observatory, Mr.( Underwood recently spent 60 days in Europe studying hospitals in 12 countries. He found Europe is ahead of us in some respects but lagging behind American ingenuity in labor-saving devices. Mr. Underwood discussed what he saw in Europe at a luncheon of the Washington Building Congress yes terday in the Mayflower Hotel. The architect said plans for the new center are in the “advanced, tentative stage.” Work cannot start hi any event until the Navy re leases the Observatory grounds, he said. That depends on Congress appropriating the funds and decid ing on a new site for the Observa tory, which is to be placed some dis tance from Washington. He reported the Navy is planning on a year to build a new observ atory, and Mr. Underwood estimated two years will be needed for con struction of the hospital center after work starts. Takoma Park Residents Ask Laurel Street Bus Station The Takoma Park Citizens’ Asso ciation last night adopted a reso lution appealing to the District Public Utilities Commission to re quest the Capital Transit Co. to erect a bus terminal in the vicinity of Laurel street and Eastern avenue N.W. It was pointed out that for several years efforts have been made to obtain protection from bad weather for patrons of the bus line. Mem bers said buses park on Eastern avenue after unloading passengers and patrons en route to the city are not permitted to board them, but must wait at the starting point on Laurel street between Aspen street and Eastern avenue. The association voted to join the North Washington Council of Cit izens’ Associations. Delegates will be John Walker, president; Reed P. Martin and David T. Blose. Mr. Walker and Mr. Martin were also re-elected delegates to the Federa tion of Citizens’ Associations. The meeting was held in the Takoma Park Branch Library, with Mr. Walker presiding. A HOBBY AIDS CHURCH BUILDING FUND DRIVE—Mrs. Eliza beth “Betty” Brooks puts the finishing touches to a Mickey Mouse figurine, one of many she hopes to sell on behalf of the New York Avenue Presbyterian Church building fund drive. __• _ —Star Staff Photo. U. S. Has New Defense Against Snorkel Subs, Navy Says After lest By th» Auociattd Pun BOSTON, Nov. 9. — Extensive Navy maneuvers in the North At lantic have convinced Rear Admiral James Fife that 200 breathing sub marines could sink the United States merchant fleet. The commander of the subma rine fleet said eight submarines of that type—known as snorkels or guppies—delayed the approach of an "invading” group moving toward a landing at.Argentia, Newfound land. “Two hundred guppies could sweep the United States Merchant Marine fro mthe seas,” Admiral Fife said. New Defense Developed. He added, however, that the United States has perfected new antisubmarine devices which should be capable of matching the snor kels. Units of the 2nd Fleet climaxed what the Navy described as the most extensive North Atlantic ma neuvers yesterday with an "in vasion” of Newfoundland. Sections of the 2d Marine Bri-: gade. under orders to capture Ar gentia and its heavily defended air base, swam ashore on northern beaches. They wore special Arctic equipment. Snorkels were credited with “sink* ing” or "crippling” an undisclosed number of the invading force. Snorkels Speedy Under Water. Vice Admiral D. B. Duncan, com* manding the maneuvers, said th£ snorkels would* have sunk or seri* ously defeated our task forces IP actual combat. "They have far greater speed under water than old tyfces and the new breather tube makes it possible for them to remain submerged in definitely,” he said. Submarines and part of the main fleet continued northward today into Davis Strait, between Green land and Labrador, while most of the fleet moved to Canadian ports for shore leave before returning to New York and Little Creek, Va. Phone Workers Ballot Tonight on Wage Otter Members of Division 36. Commu nications Workers of America, will decide in Turner’s Arena at 8 o’clock i tonight whether to accept a ‘‘final" ' wage offer of the Chesapeake & Po tomac Telephone Co. Averaging $4.11 weekly for 3,618 plant, accounting and commercial employes, the increase was approved last week by the division Negotiat ing Committee and CWA Interna tional Executive Board. All that remains for the increase to become effective, retroactive to last Sunday, is for the membership to ratify it tonight. Other offers made by the com pany during 30 days of negotiations with the operators’ union. Division 50, CWA, were rejected by the Ne gotiating Committee. In turning down $2 to $4 weekly increases, union officials said the offer failed to provide adequately for the low scale brackets and that the com pany nullified part of the gain by revising the progression pay schedules. Driver Seized in Chase Pays $55 Fine on Seven Charges Paul Stamates, 27, of the 1200 block of Geranium street N.W., yes terday paid $55 in fines on seven traffic charges, incurred in a high speed chase through the Northwest sectipn 10 days ago. Stamates was arrested after seven j scout cars took part in a 4-mile; chase, which started in the down town area and ended on the upper reaches of Sixteenth street. Municipal Court Judge Aubrey B. Fennell imposed the fines on these charges: Three of driving on the wrong side of a street, immoderate speed at 50 miles per hour, chang ing lanes, failing to stop at a stop sign and failing to stop at the mouth of an alley. He pleaded guilty to all the charges, i - I Thomas E. Harris Named Assistant CIO Counsel By the Associated Press The CIO has named Thomas E. Harris, 36, to be assistant general counsel both for the CIO and the United Steelworkers. Arthur J. Goldberg is general Mr. Harris, a native of Little counsel for both organizations. Philip Murray is their president. Rock, Ark., served as law secretary to the late Chief Justice Harlan Tiske Stone aand has held various posts in the Justice Department. Jerusalem was destroyed by the Emperor Titus in the year 70. \ Herbert Craft Dies at 66; Was Baltimore Sportsman REHOBOTH, Del., Nov. 9.—Her bert C. Craft, 66, a retired Balti more sugar broker and sportsman, died at his summer home here Sun day night of a cerebral hemmorhage. A native of Danville, 111., Mr. Craft was president of the Herbert C. Craft Co. of Baltimore. Since his retirement because of ill health, Mr. Craft had divided his time between this resort and his winter home in Coral Babies, Pla. He was a trustee of the University of Miami. Mr. Craft, who was active in Maryland racing for many years, is survived by his widow, a daugh ter, three brothers, Everett, of Houston, Tex.; Oscar, of Danville, 111., and Walter, of Waseka, 111., and a sister, Mrs. Henry Martin, of Danville. Funeral services, are to be held In Baltimore at 11 am. tomorrow at the Tickner funeral home. Rev. J. M. Maxon Dies; Episcopal Bishop By the Associated Press MEMPHIS, Tenn., Nov. 9.—The Right Rev. James M. Maxon, 7S,' retired bishop of the Episcopal Dio cese of Tennessee, died yesterday. He had been .under an oxygen tent since Sunday night When he suffered a severe heart attack. He was elected chancellor of the University of the South (Sewanee) in 1942 but later retired. He also was president of Margaret College in Versailles, Ky., from 1910 until 1917. Bishop Maxon gained recognition in National Episcopal circles In 1934 when he introduced to the national convention the Forward Movement of the Episcopal Church—which urged a "step up” of the church’s spiritual life. Funeral services will be held here tomorrow for Bishop Maxon at 10 a.m. at St. Mary's Cathedral, with the Right Rev. Edmund P. Dand ridge of Nashville, Bishop of Ten nessee, and the Right Rev. Theodore N. Barth of Memphis, bishop coad jutor, officiating. Survivors include the widow, Mrs. Blanche Morris Maxon; a son, John Maxon of Washington, and a sister, Mrs. F. W. Lee, Bay City, HI. Ohio still has more than 500 cov ered bridges. Yon are invited to open Your 1949 (Hbriatmaa fairings Arrmrnt mm Blstrict 2379 FIRST FEDERAL JAVinoS ADD LOAD ASSOCIATIOn Conveniently Located: 610 13th St. N.W. (Bet. F & G) (No Branch Oficet) Union Shop Contract Similar to UMW's Held Illegal by NLRB The National Labor Relations Board has described as illegal a union-shop contract similar to the one John L. Lewis’ United Mine Workers signed last sum mer with the commercial soft coal operators. The decision was an indication that the board may toss out the coal agreement when it is called on to rule on its validity. The steel in dustry has challenged the Lewis contract and the case now is before a NLRB trial examiner for an opinion. In the present case, the board ruled that a contract between a St. Louis manufacturer and the CIO United Steelworkers does not con form to the Taft-Hartley Act. Provides 15-Day Basis. The contract provides for a union shop on a 15-day basis. That means that new workers must join the union within 15 days after being hired. The agreement also calls for the compulsory checkoff of union dues “evidently without written authorization” of individual em ployes, the board said. Taft Hartley also bans compulsory check offs. NLRB held the contract is illegal because no election was held to de termine the employes wish to be represented by the union, and added that there is evidence to show that both the company and the union “are in accord in denying employ ment to those who refuse to join the union within the required time." Commercial soft coal operators signed an agreement giving the UMW a union shop without going through the Taft-Hartley procedure of holding an election. Couldn’t Hold Election. The board said it could not have conducted a bargaining election for the workers involved because the steelworkers’ union has not com plied with the Taft-Hartley pro vision requiring filing of non-Com munist affidavits upon the part of its officials. The NLRB also cited a provision of the law which says it is illegal for union dues to be collected by an employer unless the individual'1 worker has given a written author ization. Contending that both the com pany and the steelworkers’ union have violated the Taft-Hartley Act in the current contract, the board held that the contract is no bar to a bargaining election now. As part of the proceedings, the International Association of Ma chinists had sought to represent a group of 30 machine shop employes, out of some 700 to 750 employes in the plant. The board held they could con stitute a separate unit if they wished. Meanwhile, it ordered a bargain ing election held at the plant, with only the machinists’ union to be on the ballot. Mother, 24, Accused Of Smothering Son, 4 By th« Associated Press NEW YORK, Nov. 9.—The pretty blond wife of an Army veteran faces arraignment today on a charge of killing her 4-year-old son. Police charge Mrs. Phyllis Wal shon, 24, tied her son Clifford, head and foot to his bed, stuffed cotton in his nostrils and pushed a pillow on his face. At various times, according to police, the woman said, "I don’t know why I did it. There’s a reason for everything. He loved me.” She was booked on a homicide charge and held for Queens County Felony Court today. The child died of suffocation yes terday shortly after neighbors in a veterans’ housing project at Rego Park, Queens, found him tied, ’the mother was sitting quietly in the living' room. Brentwood Terrace Group Backs Recreation Board The Brentwood Terrace Citizens’ Association last night approved , a resolution by Ralph Donnelly, dele gate to the Federation of Citizens’ Associations, supporting the District Commissioners and the Recreation Board in their dispute with the Interior Department over control of 62 playgrounds. Mr. Donnelly’s motion called for the association ‘‘to firmly support the agencies of the District Govern ment” in defending their right to control land he contended was paid for by District residents. The trans fer of title to the property from the Interior Department to the District, "if such action becomes necessary,” also was asked. The following comiAittee chairmen were reappointed: Mrs. M. Lunch, membership; Mrs. Bertha Sherman, public welfare: Morris Lunch, zon ing; Mrs. Buby Prank, hospitality, and Mrs. Jennie Gerber, auditing. New committee chairmen are: Qeorge C. Gatefy, laws and legisla tion James Wilfong. city services, and O. J. Cowell, public protection. Jerome P. Lynch, association pres ident, was reappointed a delegate to the Northeast Council, and E. M. Shenkel was named a new delegate. The meeting was held in the Social Oyster Club, 1251 Saratoga avenue N.E. a sfioC tKlfosutfs jotyoto.... jL , hours away by American Flagship! 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