U. S. to Continue Aid
To China at Present
Rate, Hoffman Says
China’s Nationalist government
was assured today of continued
American economic.aid in the face
of spreading gains by Chinese Com
The schedule of recovery ship
ments to Chinese non-Communist
areas “remains the same,” Paul G.
Hoffman, head of the Economic Co-)
operation Administration, asserted
after a top-level policy review last
His statement followed a meeting
with Undersecretary of State Lovett
and the ECA and State Department
experts on China.
Apparently it was decided to con
tinue recovery help at the present
rate, neither speeding it up nor
slowing it down, until the Chinese I
Will Nofc Change Program.
Mr. Hoffman said the China aid
program, under which rice, wheat,
flour, cotton, fertilizer and petrol
eum are being shipped, will not vary
from terms of the Chinese-American
recovery agreement signed on July 3.
It was clear, however, that aid
would be cut off to any areas taken
over by the Communists. Mr. Hoff
man said an American-financed food
distribution program in Mukden
“has of course been discontinued”)
sinoe Mukden fell to the Commun
ists last week.
In Shanghai, meanwhile, Roger D.
Lapham, chief of the American aid
mission in China, said American
food will make up the major portion
of rations to be started in Shanghai
at the end of this month.
Mr. Lapham said he was shocked
at the distress noticeable in Shang
hai on his return there from Wash
ington. "I had been warned in
Washington,” the Associated Press
quoted him as saying, “but I could
not realize how grave was the con
dition of nearly all classes of people
in their search for food.”
He blamed the Chinese govern
ment’s “unsound economic measures
and poor planning” for the food
shortage. Some rioting and panic
because of the lack of food was
reported in Shanghai and other
A Chinese Embassy spokesman
here said his government is con
sidering making Dr. H. H. Kung,
former Chinese Finance Minister
now in Riverdale, N. Y„ where he
has been undergoing medical treat
ment, a special representative of
Chiang Kai-shek to the United
States. He would deal with emer
gency political and economic matters.
Funeral Rites Today
For Mrs. George Hill
Funeral services were to be held
this afternoon for Mrs. Elizabeth
Collison Hill, 59, church organist,
piano teacher and composer. She
died of a heart attack Saturday at
her home, 5207 Fourteenth street
The rites were to be in the Birch
funeral home, 3034 M street N.W.,
followed bt burial in Glenwood Cem
Mrs. Hill, a native of Washington,
was the wife of George C. Hill, Navy
Department scientist whom she
married in 1920. Trained in music
at Peabody lnstitute, Baltimore, Mrs.
Hill has been organist and chior di
rector at a number of Washington
churches, including West Washing
ton Baptist Church, Emory Meth
odist Church and the First Baptist
Church. One of her compositions
was a Mother’s Day song, “Once
More to Touch Her Fragile Hand.”
In addition to her husband, Mrs.
Hill is survived by a son, David C.
Hill, an Army employe in Japan;
three sisters,.Mrs. Mattie G. Wallace,
1445 Spring road N.W.; Mrs. Laura
C. Ray, 5223 Reno road N.W., and
Mrs. John P. Yeatman, 2608 Tilden
street N.W., and a brother, G.
Chester Collison, 1371 Rittenhouse
Hospital Center Architect
Stresses Latest Devices
Every known labor-saving device
for nurses, as well as new facilities
for the comfort of patients, are
being planned for Washington's pro
posed new hospital center, accord
ing to Gilbert Stanley Underwood,
consulting architect of the Public
As architect in charge of design-:
ing the center to be built on the !
site of the Naval Observatory, Mr.(
Underwood recently spent 60 days
in Europe studying hospitals in 12
countries. He found Europe is
ahead of us in some respects but
lagging behind American ingenuity
in labor-saving devices.
Mr. Underwood discussed what he
saw in Europe at a luncheon of the
Washington Building Congress yes
terday in the Mayflower Hotel.
The architect said plans for the
new center are in the “advanced,
tentative stage.” Work cannot start
hi any event until the Navy re
leases the Observatory grounds, he
said. That depends on Congress
appropriating the funds and decid
ing on a new site for the Observa
tory, which is to be placed some dis
tance from Washington.
He reported the Navy is planning
on a year to build a new observ
atory, and Mr. Underwood estimated
two years will be needed for con
struction of the hospital center after
Takoma Park Residents Ask
Laurel Street Bus Station
The Takoma Park Citizens’ Asso
ciation last night adopted a reso
lution appealing to the District
Public Utilities Commission to re
quest the Capital Transit Co. to
erect a bus terminal in the vicinity
of Laurel street and Eastern avenue
It was pointed out that for several
years efforts have been made to
obtain protection from bad weather
for patrons of the bus line. Mem
bers said buses park on Eastern
avenue after unloading passengers
and patrons en route to the city are
not permitted to board them, but
must wait at the starting point on
Laurel street between Aspen street
and Eastern avenue.
The association voted to join the
North Washington Council of Cit
izens’ Associations. Delegates will
be John Walker, president; Reed P.
Martin and David T. Blose. Mr.
Walker and Mr. Martin were also
re-elected delegates to the Federa
tion of Citizens’ Associations.
The meeting was held in the
Takoma Park Branch Library, with
Mr. Walker presiding.
A HOBBY AIDS CHURCH BUILDING FUND DRIVE—Mrs. Eliza
beth “Betty” Brooks puts the finishing touches to a Mickey
Mouse figurine, one of many she hopes to sell on behalf of the
New York Avenue Presbyterian Church building fund drive.
__• _ —Star Staff Photo.
U. S. Has New Defense
Against Snorkel Subs,
Navy Says After lest
By th» Auociattd Pun
BOSTON, Nov. 9. — Extensive
Navy maneuvers in the North At
lantic have convinced Rear Admiral
James Fife that 200 breathing sub
marines could sink the United
States merchant fleet.
The commander of the subma
rine fleet said eight submarines of
that type—known as snorkels or
guppies—delayed the approach of
an "invading” group moving toward
a landing at.Argentia, Newfound
“Two hundred guppies could
sweep the United States Merchant
Marine fro mthe seas,” Admiral Fife
New Defense Developed.
He added, however, that the
United States has perfected new
antisubmarine devices which should
be capable of matching the snor
Units of the 2nd Fleet climaxed
what the Navy described as the
most extensive North Atlantic ma
neuvers yesterday with an "in
vasion” of Newfoundland.
Sections of the 2d Marine Bri-:
gade. under orders to capture Ar
gentia and its heavily defended air
base, swam ashore on northern
beaches. They wore special Arctic
Snorkels were credited with “sink*
ing” or "crippling” an undisclosed
number of the invading force.
Snorkels Speedy Under Water.
Vice Admiral D. B. Duncan, com*
manding the maneuvers, said th£
snorkels would* have sunk or seri*
ously defeated our task forces IP
"They have far greater speed
under water than old tyfces and the
new breather tube makes it possible
for them to remain submerged in
definitely,” he said.
Submarines and part of the main
fleet continued northward today
into Davis Strait, between Green
land and Labrador, while most of
the fleet moved to Canadian ports
for shore leave before returning to
New York and Little Creek, Va.
Phone Workers Ballot
Tonight on Wage Otter
Members of Division 36. Commu
nications Workers of America, will
decide in Turner’s Arena at 8 o’clock
i tonight whether to accept a ‘‘final"
' wage offer of the Chesapeake & Po
tomac Telephone Co.
Averaging $4.11 weekly for 3,618
plant, accounting and commercial
employes, the increase was approved
last week by the division Negotiat
ing Committee and CWA Interna
tional Executive Board.
All that remains for the increase
to become effective, retroactive to
last Sunday, is for the membership
to ratify it tonight.
Other offers made by the com
pany during 30 days of negotiations
with the operators’ union. Division
50, CWA, were rejected by the Ne
gotiating Committee. In turning
down $2 to $4 weekly increases,
union officials said the offer failed
to provide adequately for the low
scale brackets and that the com
pany nullified part of the gain by
revising the progression pay
Driver Seized in Chase Pays
$55 Fine on Seven Charges
Paul Stamates, 27, of the 1200
block of Geranium street N.W., yes
terday paid $55 in fines on seven
traffic charges, incurred in a high
speed chase through the Northwest
sectipn 10 days ago.
Stamates was arrested after seven j
scout cars took part in a 4-mile;
chase, which started in the down
town area and ended on the upper
reaches of Sixteenth street.
Municipal Court Judge Aubrey B.
Fennell imposed the fines on these
charges: Three of driving on the
wrong side of a street, immoderate
speed at 50 miles per hour, chang
ing lanes, failing to stop at a stop
sign and failing to stop at the mouth
of an alley. He pleaded guilty to
all the charges,
Thomas E. Harris Named
Assistant CIO Counsel
By the Associated Press
The CIO has named Thomas E.
Harris, 36, to be assistant general
counsel both for the CIO and the
Arthur J. Goldberg is general
Mr. Harris, a native of Little
counsel for both organizations.
Philip Murray is their president.
Rock, Ark., served as law secretary
to the late Chief Justice Harlan
Tiske Stone aand has held various
posts in the Justice Department.
Jerusalem was destroyed by the
Emperor Titus in the year 70.
Herbert Craft Dies at 66;
Was Baltimore Sportsman
REHOBOTH, Del., Nov. 9.—Her
bert C. Craft, 66, a retired Balti
more sugar broker and sportsman,
died at his summer home here Sun
day night of a cerebral hemmorhage.
A native of Danville, 111., Mr. Craft
was president of the Herbert C.
Craft Co. of Baltimore.
Since his retirement because of
ill health, Mr. Craft had divided his
time between this resort and his
winter home in Coral Babies, Pla.
He was a trustee of the University
Mr. Craft, who was active in
Maryland racing for many years,
is survived by his widow, a daugh
ter, three brothers, Everett, of
Houston, Tex.; Oscar, of Danville,
111., and Walter, of Waseka, 111., and
a sister, Mrs. Henry Martin, of
Funeral services, are to be held In
Baltimore at 11 am. tomorrow at
the Tickner funeral home.
Rev. J. M. Maxon Dies;
By the Associated Press
MEMPHIS, Tenn., Nov. 9.—The
Right Rev. James M. Maxon, 7S,'
retired bishop of the Episcopal Dio
cese of Tennessee, died yesterday.
He had been .under an oxygen
tent since Sunday night When he
suffered a severe heart attack.
He was elected chancellor of the
University of the South (Sewanee)
in 1942 but later retired. He also
was president of Margaret College
in Versailles, Ky., from 1910 until
Bishop Maxon gained recognition
in National Episcopal circles In 1934
when he introduced to the national
convention the Forward Movement
of the Episcopal Church—which
urged a "step up” of the church’s
Funeral services will be held here
tomorrow for Bishop Maxon at 10
a.m. at St. Mary's Cathedral, with
the Right Rev. Edmund P. Dand
ridge of Nashville, Bishop of Ten
nessee, and the Right Rev. Theodore
N. Barth of Memphis, bishop coad
Survivors include the widow, Mrs.
Blanche Morris Maxon; a son, John
Maxon of Washington, and a sister,
Mrs. F. W. Lee, Bay City, HI.
Ohio still has more than 500 cov
Yon are invited
JAVinoS ADD LOAD
610 13th St. N.W. (Bet. F & G)
(No Branch Oficet)
Union Shop Contract
Similar to UMW's
Held Illegal by NLRB
The National Labor Relations
Board has described as illegal a
union-shop contract similar to
the one John L. Lewis’ United
Mine Workers signed last sum
mer with the commercial soft
The decision was an indication
that the board may toss out the coal
agreement when it is called on to
rule on its validity. The steel in
dustry has challenged the Lewis
contract and the case now is before
a NLRB trial examiner for an
In the present case, the board
ruled that a contract between a St.
Louis manufacturer and the CIO
United Steelworkers does not con
form to the Taft-Hartley Act.
Provides 15-Day Basis.
The contract provides for a union
shop on a 15-day basis. That means
that new workers must join the
union within 15 days after being
hired. The agreement also calls for
the compulsory checkoff of union
dues “evidently without written
authorization” of individual em
ployes, the board said. Taft
Hartley also bans compulsory check
NLRB held the contract is illegal
because no election was held to de
termine the employes wish to be
represented by the union, and added
that there is evidence to show that
both the company and the union
“are in accord in denying employ
ment to those who refuse to join
the union within the required time."
Commercial soft coal operators
signed an agreement giving the
UMW a union shop without going
through the Taft-Hartley procedure
of holding an election.
Couldn’t Hold Election.
The board said it could not have
conducted a bargaining election for
the workers involved because the
steelworkers’ union has not com
plied with the Taft-Hartley pro
vision requiring filing of non-Com
munist affidavits upon the part of
The NLRB also cited a provision
of the law which says it is illegal
for union dues to be collected by an
employer unless the individual'1
worker has given a written author
Contending that both the com
pany and the steelworkers’ union
have violated the Taft-Hartley Act
in the current contract, the board
held that the contract is no bar to
a bargaining election now.
As part of the proceedings, the
International Association of Ma
chinists had sought to represent a
group of 30 machine shop employes,
out of some 700 to 750 employes in
The board held they could con
stitute a separate unit if they
Meanwhile, it ordered a bargain
ing election held at the plant, with
only the machinists’ union to be on
Mother, 24, Accused
Of Smothering Son, 4
By th« Associated Press
NEW YORK, Nov. 9.—The pretty
blond wife of an Army veteran faces
arraignment today on a charge of
killing her 4-year-old son.
Police charge Mrs. Phyllis Wal
shon, 24, tied her son Clifford, head
and foot to his bed, stuffed cotton
in his nostrils and pushed a pillow
on his face.
At various times, according to
police, the woman said, "I don’t
know why I did it. There’s a reason
for everything. He loved me.”
She was booked on a homicide
charge and held for Queens County
Felony Court today.
The child died of suffocation yes
terday shortly after neighbors in a
veterans’ housing project at Rego
Park, Queens, found him tied, ’the
mother was sitting quietly in the
Brentwood Terrace Group
Backs Recreation Board
The Brentwood Terrace Citizens’
Association last night approved , a
resolution by Ralph Donnelly, dele
gate to the Federation of Citizens’
Associations, supporting the District
Commissioners and the Recreation
Board in their dispute with the
Interior Department over control of
Mr. Donnelly’s motion called for
the association ‘‘to firmly support
the agencies of the District Govern
ment” in defending their right to
control land he contended was paid
for by District residents. The trans
fer of title to the property from the
Interior Department to the District,
"if such action becomes necessary,”
also was asked.
The following comiAittee chairmen
were reappointed: Mrs. M. Lunch,
membership; Mrs. Bertha Sherman,
public welfare: Morris Lunch, zon
ing; Mrs. Buby Prank, hospitality,
and Mrs. Jennie Gerber, auditing.
New committee chairmen are:
Qeorge C. Gatefy, laws and legisla
tion James Wilfong. city services,
and O. J. Cowell, public protection.
Jerome P. Lynch, association pres
ident, was reappointed a delegate
to the Northeast Council, and E. M.
Shenkel was named a new delegate.
The meeting was held in the Social
Oyster Club, 1251 Saratoga avenue
, hours away by
Luxurious DC-6 service to
CALIFORNIA and THE SUN COUNTRY
ftraraight—Lv. 8:15 pjn., EST—
Ar. 6:30 a.m., PST
13 hr*., 50 min.—your ehoic*
ml fear DC-6 flight* doily
10 hr*., 35 min.—Three DC-5 flight*
11 V4 hours, overnight, deporting
i at 9:50 pjn„ ESI
11 hr*., 35 min.—Two DC-5 flights dally
Phone Executive 2345
or your travel agent
Ticket Offices: Statler Hotel
oed 813 15th Street, N. W.
Plan a family vacation with
Family Half-Fare Planl
Enjoy a sunny weekend or a
longer winter holiday I •
Half fare for wife . . •
. half fare for the familyl
Ask American for details 1
All this included
NEW Cylinder Block
NEW Crankshaft and Bearings
NEW Connecting Rods
NEW Pistons, Rings and Pins
NEW Push Rods and Tappets
NEW Oil Pump
NEW Oil Screens
NEW Oil Pan
NEW Thermostat and Housing
NEW Air Cleaner
NEW Water Pump
NEW Timing Chain and Sprockets
NEW Cylinder Head
NEW Valves and Springs
NEW Rocker-Arm Assembly
NEW flywheel Housing
' NEW Clutch
NEW Fuel Pump
NEW Spark Plugs
NEW Spark Plug Wires
All-New Fireball Engine-Yours without Delay
Winter’s the time when an old
engine really bogs down — when
weak sparks fail to fire a charge of gas
— when worn rings and compression
leaks g£t in their dirty work.
But we’ve got the answer, right here
waiting for you. We’ve got a brand
new Buick Fireball engine that will
fit right in your prewar car — any
Buick built since 1937*
In 12 to 15 hours —at a cost only
slightly above a thorough overhaul —
we can take the weary engine out of
your Buick and put in a brand-new
These engines are built on the same
assembly line as the engines in 1948
Buicks. They bring you all the 1948
engine features. They’re all new — new
pistons, rings, pins. New clutch and
carburetor. New spark plugs, new
wiring. Everything listed in the panel
shown is yours in this “power package.”
Best of all, there’s no waiting. Engine
output at the factory is running ahead
of car production — so your 1948 Fire
ball engine is waiting for you right now.
Steal a march on winter today. Come
in and get all the facts — including our
Stanley H. Horner, Inc.
17th and Kalorama Rd. N.W.
Washington, D. G.
Windridge & Handy, Inc.
119 Wilson Rlvd., Arlington, Va.
Emerson & Orme, Inc.
17th and M Sts. N.W.
Washington, D. C.
Willis Buick, Inc.
8516 Georgia Avenue
Silver Spring, Md.
Hyattsville Auto & Supply Go., Inc.
5323 Baltimore Avenue
Temple Motor Co.
1810 King Street, Alexandria, Va.
Caithness Btiick, Inc.
4718 Hampden Lana
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