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Cloudy, mild, with occasional rain today, con tinuing tonight. High today in high 60s, low tonight in low 40s. Tomorrow clearing, windy and colder. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight ..66 6 am.65 11 a.m.-60 3 am.66 8 am_56 Noon .61 4 am_56 10 am_58 1 pm.66 Late New York Markets, Poge A-19. .Guide for Readers Page Amusements... A-I4 Comics.C-19-11 Editorial.- A-l* Editor ! Articles A-ll Finance.A-19 L06t and Found. A-3 Obituary.A-l* Radio.- C-ll Society, Clubs... B-3 Sports ..C-l-3 Where t» Go-B-9 Woman’s Page. B-18 An Associated Press Newspoper 96th Year. No. 315. Phone ST. 5000 ** WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1948—SIXTY-FOUR PAGES. City Howe Delivery. Dally and Sunday. $1.20 a Month. Whan S K f'JENTS Sundatt. $1.30. Night Final Edition. *1.30 and $1.40 her Month " Israel Arrests 2 U. N. Officials On Negeb Front Observers Declared Watching Big Jewish Attack on Egyptians By the Associated Press HAIFA. Israel, Nov. 10.—Two United Nations observers were arrested by Israeli miltary police yesterday on the Negeb front while watching “a full-scale! Jewish attack on Egyptian posi tions,” a U.- N. spokesman said today. The Jewish attack on Iraq Suwei d&n was launched early yesterday, the spokesman said. Iraq Suweidan. in the disputed southern desert, is about 15 miles north of Gaza, from which Arab civilians were reported fleeing yes terday. Held Under Armed Guard. The U. N. spokesman told of the arrest of the two observers at a press conference. He said when firing was heard in the vicinity of the Egyptian position on the Negeb front near Iraq Suweidan, the ob servers proceeded to the spot from Tel Aviv, accompanied by Israeli liaison officers. These officers later withdrew and requested the ob servers to withdraw' with them, as serting “it was too dangerous there," the U. N. spokesman said. The observers refused to leave. Forty-five minutes later Israeli military police arrived, arrested the observers and took them to a Jewish village, where they were detained under armed guard, the U. N. rep resentative said. Meanw'hiie, the observers wit- i nessed Israeli forces attack with! armored cars and heavy artillery, I he said. They also observed the flight of one B-17 and two fighter, planes over Iraq Suweidan, fol lowed by heavy explosions. The spokesman said at night the ob servers were taken to Tel Aviv and released there. strong rrotest Sent. The incident has been reported by the Haifa truce headquarters to the U. N.’s acting mediator, Dr. Ralph J. Bunche, in Paris. Acting Staff Chief George V. Millett, an American, sent a strong protest to the Israeli government this morning. The U. N. truce headquarters also reported to Dr. Bunche on the mounting tension on the central front. Observers reported from there considerable action by Israeli and Iraqi forces Monday and yes terday in the vicinity of Gesher, on the Trans-Jordan frontier, and Alladdasiya. Reds Call on U. N. to Order Palestine Peace Talks PARIS, Nov. 10 Soviet Rus sia called on the Security Council in secret session today to order negotiations between Jews and Arabs for peace in Palestine. Soviet Delegate Jakob Malik pre sented the Russian proposal when the Council met to resume discus sion of the peace plan submitted yesterday by the acting mediator, Dr. Ralph 3. Bunche. Dr. Bunche's plan would have converted the broken truce into an armistice. The Russian proposal was sub mitted as an amendment to the Bunche plan. An official American spokesman said Prance has under taken to sponsor the Bunche plan. I The Council spent little time on Mr. Malik’s amendment. It will be debated, however, at the next ses sion. A U. N. press spokesman who attended the Council's closed meet- i ing said that, on the suggestion of Dmitri Mrnuilsky of the Soviet Ukraine, future meetings on Pales tine will be open to press and pub-1 lie. United States Delegate Philip C. Jessup and Alexandre Parodi of Prance backed Mr. Manuilsky’s sug gestion. No date was set for the next meeting on Palestine. The Malik amendment proposed omitting the portion of the Bunche plan which calls for broad demili tarized zones in Palestine. Russia's idea apparently was for freezing the military situation in the Holy Land until talks, direct or through the acting mediator, lead to establish ment of a "formal peace ” U. S. Officers Told to Reject Bids to Red Fete in Reich By the Associated Press FRANKFURT, Germany, Nov. 10.—American Army officers have revealed they were ordered to turn down invitations to the Russians' anniversary party here last Sunday. Only three Americans specially designated by the high Army com mand were permitted to attend the party, given by the 8oviet military mission here on the 31st anniver sary of the Communist revolution In Russia. Truman to Move To Blair House Soon After Return The Trumans will move from the White House to the Blair House across the street “fairly soon" after the President returns from his Key West vacation. This was announced today at the White House, along with word that Mrs. Truman and Margaret Truman are leaving some time tomorrow probably by train, to Join the Pres ident in Florida. The Trumans will stay at the Blair House until, repairs to the White House are made. This will take months. The Blair House * normally is used as a guest house for visiting foreign dignitaries. Already labeled a shaky “fire trap,” the 150-year-old Executive Mansion has yielded new evidence that it needs to be shored up. Miss Truman returned recently from a trip to find the grand piano in her room lopsided. Checking up, . she discovered that one leg had gone through the second floor. Moscow Papers Play Up Story Truman May Call on Stalin ■ — — .. A - Times-Herald Quoted As Saying He May Journey to Russia By Eddy Glmort • Associated Nil Foreign Correspondent MOSCOW, Nov. 10.—The Mos cow press gave heavy play today to a Tass dispatch from Wash ington quoting an American newspaper as saying President Truman may eome to Russia for a personal talk with Prime Min ister Stalin. The fact that this item was pub lished here at all is not without significance. The newspapers made no comment on the report, but it is hardly likely it would have been published' il the editori jdid not look on it as a serious, tvbrthwhile piece. Its publication caused much comment iq the foreign colony of Moscow. The Soviet news agency dispatch said the Washington Times-Herald printed the report. (The dispatch may have referred to a syndicated column, Tris Coffin's Daybook, pub lished in the Times-Herald. It said Monday, President Truman wants a conference with world leaders on peace and might even go to Mos cow.) The disnatch said that “although iSee RUSSIA. Page A-4.) U. S. Talks Predicted On Opening of New Soviet Conferences ■y th« Atiocialtd Pr*« PARIS, Nov. 10.—Well-informed American sources said today they expect resident Truman and Secretary of State Marshall to confer soon on prospects for entering direct talks with Russia. The object of such talks would be to ease the strain on East-West relations. Many top delegates at the United Nations Assembly are discussing the possibility of such a move. Specu lation mounted as dispatches from Rome, Prague, Moscow and the United States reflected widespread interest in predictions of a meeting between President Truman and Stalin. Moscow Reports Puzzle V/hite House Secretary KEY WEST, Fla.. Nov. 10 <&>.— Reports out of Moscow that Presi dent Truman is considering a trip there to talk with Premier Stalin puzzled White House aides today. Eben Ayers, assistant presidential press secretary, had no comment on the Russian dispatches. Hp did call attention to Mr. Truman’s repeated ( See- TALKS. Page A-4.1 U. S. Families Leaving China Ahead of Reds, Riots and Hunger Nationalists' Positions In North Central Area Grow Worse Hourly U. S. POLICY toward China studied by National Security Council, Page A-4 ly tht Associated Press NANKING, Nov. 10.—By air and sea, American dependents were leaving China today ahead of Reds, riots and hunger. Hourly the national position grew worse in North Central Chin%. Suchow and Pengpu were reported virtually isolated by Communists. The Yangtze was feared open to a Red crossing that would expose Nanking. Food riots and strikes flared in Hangchow, Shanghai and Nanking. Mobs Roam Stmt. Mobs roamed the streets. Peo ple were trampled to death or in jured. Police fired on the rioters here and in Hankow, where a large rice shof> was set afire. The Peiping-Tientsin corridor to Taku, Gulf of Chihli port, was jit tery. The American military ad visory group withdrew all Its per sonnel from Peiping. The air exodus of Americans got under way on an emergency basis from Nanking. The sea evacuation began at Shanghai. Expectant mothers were the first flown out. Then followed the wives and children of American military advisers. AH were flown to Tsiftgtao. American naval base. At least 500 were to be put aboard the hospital ship Repose by Friday night. Other Transports Due. From Shanghai the United States Army transport General Collins sailed with 150 dependents. Two other transports, the Generals Buck ner and Patrick, are due in Shang hai to pick up an estimated 1,000 Americans. The Buckner may sail within 48 hours with 127 dependents. The American Embassy in Nan king has advised other Americans that sea transportation to Shanghai will be available shortly. When mil itary personnel will leave—if they leave at all—has not been made public. Railroad, tram and waterworks employes demanded their wages in rice, disdaining the rapidly sinking (See CHINA, Page A-4.) Church of England Backs Atom Defense •y th« Associated Pros* LONDON, Nov. 10—The Church of England Assembly approved to day the use of atom bombs as a "defensive necessity’’ against an aggressor. Only three delegates out of more than 400 present voted against this stand, which was presented in a report by a special commission of the church. Dr. Cyril F. Garbett, Archbishop of York, said: "The bomb would almost certainly be used if another war broke out. The temptation will be very great for the weaker state which possesses the bomb to use it a few hours be fore its possible enemy. “If possession of the bomb is a deterrent to war, we have no right to say beforehand that we shall never use it.” The commission’s report called for international control of the bomb and blamed Russia for block ing that control up to now. It approved dropping the bomb on military targets, but said it should not be used “as a means of attack upon objectives in inhabited cities” as it was against Hiroshima and : Nagasaki. Evatt Predicts Breaking Of East-West Deadlock t •y th« A»&ociot«d Prwt PARIS, Nov. 10.—Dr. Herbert V. Evatt, president of the United Na tions Assembly, predicted today the East-West deadlocks would be bro ken soon. The Australian foreign minister, who is spending most of his time here trying to find a way to end ! the big disagreement, did not men tion any date but he expressed con j fidence that the difficulties would be | solved. Longshore Stoppage Cripples New York And Boston Ports Wildcat Walkout Starts As AFL Dock Workers Vote on New Contract By the Associated Press ' NEW YORK, Nov. 10.—The la.ror part of the port of New York was tied up today by a wildcat walkout of AFL long shoremen who disliked an agree ment worked out by their union officers. Harry Duming, port collector of customs, announced the extent of the tieup. But the number of workers who walked out was in dispute. Joseph P. Ryan, president of the AFL International Longshoremens Association. Mid 10,000 had refused to work. However, police said 3.335 were away from their jobs and that 1,400 were working. Mr. Ryan also said 5,000 long shoremen had stopped work in Bos ton. Authorities there said, how ever. only a few ships were imme diately involved. Complete Voting Friday. The 65,000 members of the ILA from Portland. Me., to Hampton Roads. Va , will complete voting on the agreement by Friday. Mr. Ryan said. He said the membership in cluded 45.000 longshoremen and 20,000 checkers. ILA locals reported about 6,000 men idle in Brooklyn, 4.000 on the Hudson River Manhattan water front, and about 400 others on the New' Jersey bank of the Hudson. The agreement, concluded yester day between union officers and ship ping representatives, provides a basic wage increase of 10 cents an hour and other benefits. Expected to Stay Out. Mr. Ryan said after a tour of the water front that “though we nego tiated a good agreement to recom mend to the membership," the New York members apparently felt other wise He added that the New York longshoremen "undoubtedly will stay out until we hear the final vote” of East Coast workers The basic 10-cent increase in the tentative settlement would raise day shift straight-time pay from $1.75 to $1.85 an hour and night and weei.-cnd overtime rate from $2.62Vi to $2.77 Vi. Lato News Bulletin Higher Phone Rates Asked BALTIMORE — The Chesapeake & Potomac Tele phone Co. of Baltimore today asked the Public Service Com mission for authority to raise its rates in Maryland to pro vide additional income of S3, 600,000. The amounts of in crease for individual subscrib ers was not immediately made known. German Firms To Regain Coal, Steel Industries Western Allies to Give Up Ownership but* Retain Some Control i By the Associated Press FRANKFURT, Germany, Nov. 10.—The vast German coal, iron and steel industries in the bi zonal area will revert to German ownership in the “near future,’’ the British and American mili tary governments announced to day. "The military governors, however, are retaining a certain control of powers,” the announcement said. Gen. Lucius D. Clay is the Amer ican military governor and Gen. Sir Brian Robertson is Britain's top oc cupation official. Technically Held by Governors. The industries, including those ol the Ruhr, have technically been owned by the military governors since the end of the war. New German companies will be established to operate the com panies, subject to these stipulations: 1. There will be no "excessive con centration of economic power.” 2. Persons who "permitted and encouraged” the Nazi Party will be banned from positions of ownership and control. 3. The drastic reorganization shall not prejudice a possible future deci sion by a German government as to whether the industries will be social ized. The announcement said that "at such a time as a representative, freely elected government, either for Germany as a whole or Western Germany alone, is constituted,* it shall be at liberty to resolve this .question within the limits of the military government policy already expressed.” Change in Ownership Outlined. In the meantime, it added, the military governments consider that "an interim reorganization of these industries is essential in the inter ests of the recovery of the German economy.” The change in the coal industry ownership will follow these steps: "The colliery undertakings • • • will be withdrawn from their par ent enterprises and set up under new' companies to be formed for the purpose under German law,” the announcement said. "The military government will decide in broad outline the assets which will be allotted to each new company, will seize and transfer the title to such assets to the new companies.” "German nationals will be ap pointed as trustees for each new company by the military govern ment after due consultation with the appropriate German bodies. “Three to five trustees will be appointed per company and will hold the shares of the company in equal proportion." These shares will be held on be half of the owners. But the rights of the owners will be limited to re ceiving apppropriate proceeds aris ing from eventual disposal of the shares. The owners will not have the right to influence the acts of the trustees. Austrian Linked With Red Desertions Kills Himself •y the Associated Press VIENNA, Nov. 10.—Austrian po lice said today an Austrian who may have been implicated in the deser tion of Soviet officers to the west ern zone leaped to his death last night from the third floor of the Russian Kommandatura. The man was identified as Fried rich Boehm, 38, who had been em ployed for the past year as a driver for the Russians. Previously he had been employed by the American Army, also as a driver. Police said the man left his apart men in the French sector of Vienna November 4 with a Soviet officer and soldiers who told him they had come to take him to work. American authorities said earlier an international military police pa trol on the scene when he leaped reported to them the man was a Russian. Two Die as Car Crashes Into Path of Train ■y th* Associated Prm WINSTON-SALEM. N. C . Nov. 10. An automobile crashed through a rail guard into the path of a train early today, killing two persons. The dead were Mrs. Myrtle Dob | bins Cohn. 45, manager of the Winston-Salem tourist village, and Magistrate Earl Astor Schooley, 61, Atlantic City, N. J., a guest at the village. White House Balcony Gets Place On Revised Design of $20 Bill ly the Associated Press President Truman’s White House balcoriy, celebrated in controversy, I will be seen soon on >20 bills. Secretary of the Treasury Snyder said today the >20 Federal Reserve jnote has been modernized to show the present-day appearance of the White House's south front and grounds. The >20 notes circulating now show the same general scene. But the scene dates back to 1929 when Herbert Hoover was President and the great economic bubble was blowing up to the breaking point. Mr. Snyder said the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, which made up the new designs, has be gun turning them out already. I They will go to the 12 Federal Reserve Banks and gradually sup ! plant the Hoover day notes. How ever, the old ones will not be called in and probably will continue cir culating for a long time. The Re serve banks now have a good stock jof the old ones on hand. Secretary Snyder said he expects the public to find the new $20 note more attractive artistically, ‘‘as well as more acceptably up-to-date in its White House portraiture.’* The so-called back porch of the Executive Mansion was built earlier this year. Those who opposed it said it would affect the architectural beauty of the White House. Mr. Truman didn't think so and went ahead with its construction to give his family privacy when they want ed a breath of open air. The balcony is the chief differ ence showing in the $20 notes, but there are these other changes: There are four chimneys now compared with two in 1929: The grounds include more trees and lusher foliage; a deeper green shows; The White House flag hangs at an angle from its pole in the new engraving. In the Hoover day por trait it blew straight out. No change has been made in the portrait on the other side—that of i Democratic President Andrew Jack son. FfUafe&f; ^fomllere,J5cy5. Where Do% Go/^W Auto Buyers Here Victimized Of $4,000,000, Prober Says Mocy Attacks Questionable Trade Practices After Seven-Month Study by House Unit Questionable trade practices of automobile dealers have cost buyers in the Washington Metro politan Area more than $4,000, 000 in the first seven months of this year, Chairman Macy of a House investigating subcommit tee charged today. Making this estimate on the basis of a preliminary investigation by the subcommitee staff. Repre sentative Macy announced that the committee will hold puolic hearings nest Monday and Tuesday in the Public Works Committee hearing room in the Old House Office Build ing. It will "inquire further into certain phases of this matter,” he said. Two principal trade practices sharply scored by the legislator were the under\aluing of used cars trad ed for new ones and the addition of accessories not wanted by the customer. The losses in both cate gories were added to make the $4,000,000 figure. Mr. Macy said his subcommittee has been making an Intensive in vestigation during the past three and a half months of “the sales and distribution policies of the au thorized automobile dealers in the Metropolitan Area.” The subcom mittee is a part of the House Public Works Committee. Projecting the preliminary find ings of his unit in this Metropoli tan Area into the national picture. Mr. Macy estimated that, during the first seven months of this year, the American public "may well have lost more than $200,000,000 on un der-valued trade-ins' and has prob ably paid over $250,000,000 for extras they did not want.” During the investigation. Mr. Macy said, however. "We have found that some dealers have made every effort to deal fairly and honestly with the public. “On the other hand,” he added, "we have found other dealers who resort to every questionable trade practice in order to squeeze the (See AUTOMOBILES. Page A-4.) Archbishop O'Boyle Receives Pallium at St. Matthew's Rites Apostolic Delegate Bestows Symbol of Rank Before 12 Bishops (Picture on Pape B-l.) By Caspar Nannes The Most Rev. Patrick A. O’Boyle, Archbishop of Washing ton, today received the sacred pallium, symbol of his authority as an archbishop in a ceremony in St. Matthew’s Cathedral. The pallium was bestowed by the Most Rev. Amleto Giovanni Cicog nani, Apostolic Delegate to the United States, in colorful rites at tended by members of the Catholic hierarchy, priests and prominent laymen. A procession which included 12 bishops, 27 monsignori. 45 heads of religious houses and priests preceded the ceremony. The marchers formed in front of the Chancery Office ad joining St. Matthew's Cathedral. The procession, headed by a cross bearer and two acolytes, got under way at 9:30 o'clock despite the leaden skies. It moved down the street from the chancery to the Cathedral with a guard of honor of fourth-degree Knights of Columbus following the cross bearer and acolytes. Fifty altar boys from Nativity Church, clad in red cassocks and white sur plices. and 32 members of the choir from the Sulpician Seminary, wear ing white surplices over black cas socks, then followed. Next came the brothers and priests of reli gious orders, clergymen, monsig (See O’BOYLE, Page A-4.) L— Surgeon Starting Heart With Hand Revives Woman • •y the Associated Press POINT PLEASANT, N. J„ Nov. 10.—The anesthetist turned to Dr. Henry S,.Ivory during a minor ab dominal operation on a Woman pa tient vgsterday to report that her heart had stopped beating. In another moment, the patient stopped breathing Dr. Ivory started artificial respir ation, called for heart and respira tory sti/nulants, they proved un availing. The chief of the Jersey Shore General Hospital staff made his decision immediately. He cut through the girl's chest wall, reached into the chest cavity and began to force her heart to pump again by manipulating it with his hands. Soon the heart was pumping on its own. Today, the patient, Miss Rose Havens of Lakewood, a former Navy hospital aide, was reported in fair condition. * Preliminary Plans Are Mappedior Big Inaugural Celebration Washington Democrats And Officials Await Word From Truman Eager Washington Democrats and the District officials are dis cussing preliminary plans for a big Inauguration celebration here January 20, but are waiting for word from President Truman in Key West before swinging into action. District Commissioner John Rus sell Young said the city government already has a fund of $37,100 avail able for inaugural expenses, ap propriated by the last session of Congress. The Commissioners also were given extra authority and po i lice powers under a series of in augural resolutions adopted by Con i gress. Meanwhile the Democratic Central Committee of the District has been meeting behind closed doors, ap parently laying basic plans for in augural activity, when President Truman gives the go-ahead sign. Tp Name General Chairman. A general chairman of the in augural committee is expected to be jselected by the President within a few days. He is conferring with Leslie BifTle at Key West on the problem. Mr. BifTle, a close friend of the President, is executive di rector of the Democratic Minority Policy Committee in the present Congress and is expected to become Secretary of the Senate when Con gress convenes on January 3. Commissioner Young pointed out the two months remaining* do not provide too much time to complete; arrangements for the inauguration. There are stands, information < SeelNAUGURAL, PageA-4.>" Policeman's Charge Of Warning on How To Testify Is Probed 'Barrett Orders 'Thorough 'Investigation' of Officer's Statement in ABC Case Supt. of Police Robert J. Bar rett today ordered “a thorough investigation” of allegations made by Police Pvt. Frank N. Manthos that he had been told by other officers how to testify in a case before the Alcoholic Bev erage Control Board. Maj. Barrett said the entire case would be ‘‘investigated from one end to the other.” He assigned Inspector George Wallrodt to conduct the inquiry. The inspector was directed to be present as an observer when the board hearing in the case against Mitchell’s Grill, 235 G street N.W., is resumed at 2 o’clock this after noon with further cross-examination of Pvt. Manthos by Assistant Cor poration Counsel Robert D. Wise. 57 Violations Charged. Pvt. Manthos, assigned to vice squad investigations from the first precinct, created a sensation St the board hearing yesterday when he said that he had been warned by other officers of the vice squad that -he would be hurt” if he defended a restaurant charged with 57 viola tions of ABC regulations. He said the warning came last week from Pvt. Samuel E. Wallace, one of two members of the vice squad who had been responsible for the charges. The warning was re peated yesterday morning, Pvt. Manthos said. He told the board all the testi mony given by Pvt. Wallace was false and that the grill Is being conducted properly by its proprietor, Henry G. David, and his brother Fred, who helps him in the business. The charges against the restau rsee MANTHOS, Page A-C) James Is Sentenced To Hang for Murder ty the Associated Frost BALTIMORE, Nov. 10.—Eugene H. James, 31-yfear-old handyman, today was sentenced to hang for the knife slaying last July 8 of 11-year-old Marsha Brill. James, who is colored, also is un der indictment in Washington for the similar slaying of 11-year-old Carol Bardwell nine days earlier. Both little girls were riding their bicycles through wooded sections near their homes. James had a previous record for attacks on women and was picked up the night of the Brill slaying after t an alert policeman remem bered' he had finished his sentence and was back in town. Despite a plea of insanity, he was convicted of first-degree murder in the Brill slaying. Judge Herman M. Moser imposed the sentence after judges of Balti more's supreme bench decided last week that James is not entitled to a new trial. The case now is expected to go to the Maryland Court of Appeals. Chest Workers Urged to Raise Additional $500,000 by Friday Community Chest volunteers, whose colleotions have lagged in the course of the six-week cam paign, returned to their jobs to day with their ears burning. Their leaders came to a general report meeting in the Hotel Wash ington yesterday, and turned in $110,262 In new gifts, inching the drive as a whole to 61.6 per cent of its 64.566.790 goal. Chauncey G. Parker, general campaign chairman, w'ho had called for a report of $300,000 at the meeting to keep up to the schedule of the campaign was not pleased. He had been a Caspar Milque toast too long, Mr. Parker told the leaders, and now he was going to tough. The outlook, he said, is grim for the future of the Chest organiza tion in Washington and for the | thousands of people who depend on I the Chest for their welfare. There is nothing wrong with the generosity of the people of Wash ington, Mr. Parker said. He told the workers the average gift has kept up the desired average of #12, and very few people have refused to make contributions. •'After all these weeks and all this effort, and with a receptive pub lic. it is a grim fact that we can t move faster as an organization than we are moving,” Mr. Parker said. Before next Friday s general re port meeting, volunteers must raise nearly $500,000, Mr. Parker said, to catch up to the campaign schedule. He added: "Our givers last year totaled 333, 000. As of today we have men 249, 115. Very few of last year's givers who have been seen have failed to contribute. Many new ones have been secured. “We will not close the campaign until every renewal of last year's givers is secured and many tens of (See CHEST, Page A-4.) Murder Charge HoldsGunOwner In Double Killing Thomas Edwards, 23, Linked to Glen Burnie Case by Weapon Used BULLETIN Maryland police announced today filing of murder charges against Thomas Alexander Edwards, 23, colored, of near Glen Burnie. for the slaying of John H. Mahlan, 25, and Miss Mary C. Kline, 18, nearly two months ago. A statement signed by Coun ty Police Chief John H. Souers, jr„ and other Maryland police officers said they were con vinced “beyond a reasonable shadow of doubt that the murders were committed by Edwards.” A warrant charging murder was sworn out against Edwards before Magistrate David Dun ker at Ferndale. Ballistics tests by the FBI have proved that a gun owned by a man now in custody fired the bullets that killed a young Glen Burnie couple nearly two months ago, it was learned today. High Maryland officials, includ ing Gov. Lane, expressed confidence that this and other evidence prom ised to break wide open the baffling murder of John H.' Mahlan, 25 year-old postal clerk, and his pretty stenographer friend, Miss Mary C. Kline, 18. Held at the State Police barracks | in Waterloo were four colored brothers arrested in the vicinity of the Anne Arundel County town where the victims lived. Dictaphone Reported Used. County Police Chief John H. Souers, jr„ revealed that one of the brothers was arrested Monday night. He was locked up in a cell ! next to an ex-convict now serving' the State as an informer. During I the night, as they talked, a dicta phone recorded their conversation. Yesterday morning police went to the prisoner’s home near Freetown, a colored community half a mile from the place w'here Mr. Mahlan’a bloodstained automobile was found September 18. Behind stacked-up canned goods in a living room cup board, they found the foreign-make pistol now identified as the murder weapon. Taken to the FBI for scientific tests, the pistol was first recognized as the same type as that which fired the fatal bullets. Police have never revealed the exact caliber of the weapon, but have said it is larger I than a .32 and smaller than a .38. The calibre is not unusual in foreign firearms, but is uncommon in this coufitry. Markings on Slugs Check. Police were informed that mark ings on the slugs found in the heads of both victims were unmistakably made by the pistol found at Free town. The FBI reported the weapon had a mechanical defect w hich scratched the bullets as they were transferred from the magazine to the chamber. ; The weapon was identified as a .380 | caliber Czechoslovakian make. Detectives said efforts apparently had been made to destroy the pistol’s riflng with a file. Discovery of the pistol prompted police to arrest the three brothers, two of whom live in Freetown. Last, night all four were removed to Waterloo for extensive questioning by James C. Morton, jr„ Anne Arun del County State’s attorney; Chief Souers and Lt. George Bryan, head of the Baltimore homicide squad. Later, after Louis J. O'Donnell, assistant to Gov. Lane, went to the State police station to confer with officers, the Governor said he was confident authorities “have come to the end of this case.’’ Chief Souers said three of the i brothers held were not under sus picion, but merely were being ques tioned. Owner Tells of Purchase. Police quoted the owner of the pistol as saying he bought it from a soldier several months ago and that he kept it in a car which he ! loaned to a brother living in Balti jmore on September 15. When the 'car was returned to him September 21 or 22, four or five days after the murders, the gun was missing, the prisoner said. Police also were told that four shells were missing from a clip of (See GLEN BURNIE, Page A-5.) Hurricane Nears Coa|T With Increased Force By tht Associated Press CAPE HATTERAS, N. C., Nov. 10. —Hurricane warnings flew along a 75-mile stretch of North Carolina coastline today as a small tropical hurricane with 80-mile winds churned toward the mainland. Already the winds were picking up between Cape Lookout and Cape Hatteras and the barometer was re ported dropping. Warnings flew from Cape Lookout, near Moorehead City to Cape Hat teras. Small craft headed for snug harbors and larger craft were mov ing out to sea. The storm—unusually late for this time of the year—is expected to skirt the mainland late this after noon. It had picked up some intensity In the last several hours, jumping from a 75 to an 80 mile an horn- storm as it moved northward at about 18 miles an hour. In an advisory issued by the Miami Weather Bureau at 11:15 a.m. the storm was located about 175 miles southeast of Cape Hatteras. The advisory said it was expected that the storm would begin a slow turn to the north-northeastward during the next 12 hours, placing the center slightly east of the North Carolina mainland later in the aft ernoon.