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Sunny and windy today, becoming colder later. Clear tonight, lowest about 30. To morrow mostly sunny, highest near 50. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight..50 6 a.m_52 11 a.m-60 2 a.m. I..48 8 a.m_51 Noon-60 4 a.m_51 10 a.m-59 1 pm.61 Lote New York Markets, Poge A-17. ! Guide lor Readers rage. Amusements —A-18 Comics ..B-18-19 Editorial .A-8 Editorial Articles A-9 Finance.—A-17 Lost and Found—A-3 Page. Obituary ..A-19 Radio'.B-19 Society, Clubs-B-3 Sports _A-14-15 Where to Go-B-ll Woman’s Page--A-12 An Associated Press Newspaper 96th Year. No. 341. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1948-THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. City Home Delivery. Dmlly end Sundey. S1.20 e Month. When 6 C CENTS Sundey*. *1.30. Night Finel Edition. *1.30 end *1.40 per Month — Chambers Testifies, Hiss Waits, Before Grand Jury in New York; New Spy Evidence Hinted Here t —- 4 Committee Delays Press Meeting Due To Developments Whittaker Chambers, avowed former Soviet espionage agent, testified today before a special grand jury in New York as it began an investigation of evi dence that secret State and Navy Department documents were slipped from State Department files here in 1938. As Mr. Chambers, now a senior editor of Time Magazine, went be fore the grand jury, Alger Hiss, former State Department official, awaited his turn to testify. Mr. Chambers has charged—and Mr. Hiss denied—that the former State Department official was a member of a prewar Communist under ground group here. The Associated Press reported that the two men arrived within minutes of each other and took their places in the grand jury witness room. Earlier, a Federal official reported that Mr. Hiss, now president of the Carnegie Endowment for Interna tional Peace, had been subpoenaed by the grand jury which has been investigating espionage for almost a year and a half. Hearings to Open Here. The grand jury renewed its in quiry as the House Committee on Un-American Activities prepared to open public hearings tomorrow on what committee members described as “startling” information about the operation of a prewar espion age ring here. Much of the evidence Mr. Cham bers reportedly was submitting to the New York grand jury was gath ered by the House committee last week. It consisted of documents and 10-year-old microfilms of secret papers obtained from Mr. Cham bers. Committee members said the doc uments offer “definite and shocking proof” of a Communist spy network operating in the State Department before the war. Press Conference Postponed. A press conference by committee members to discuss the evidence was scheduled for shortly before 1 pm. today and then postponed until 3 p.m. *'• ' Robert E Stripling, chief commit tee investigator, said the conference was delayed because of important new evidence. Closed sessions with Undersecre tary of State Lovett, former Under secretary Sumner Welles, and former Assistan Secretary Francis B. Sayre will precede • the public hearings, committee officials said. The closed sessions, it was ex plained, will help the committee decide whether the 10-year-old microfilms of some of the docu ments or other top-secret data are "too hot” to be made public. Representative Nixon, Republican of California, a committee member, ' escribed them as "damnably im portant.” At the request of the Justice De partment, the committee sent Wil liam A. Wheeler, a committee in vestigator, to New York today to present copies to the grand jury. Expected to Testify. Mr. Wheeler was expected to testify before the grand jury and describe how the film was found in a hollowed-out pumpkin on the farm of Mr. Chambers at Westminster. Md. Asked in New York why Mr. Chambers, who is now- a senior editor of Time magazine, had not disclosed the microfilm previously during tes timony before the House committee, Mr. Wheeler replied: "He's a Quaker and didn't want to hurt anybody.” Flies Back to Washington. Mr. Nixon, who made a dramatic plane trip back to Washington after leaving a Panama-bound ship yes terday, conferred today with other members of the House committee and Mr. Stripling on the evidence to be considered at the public hear ing tomorrow-. While they were pouring over the stacks pf enlarged microfilms and* other documents, two State De partment security officers came to the committee room to go over the material. United States Attorney George Morris Fay, accompanied by Vin cent Russo, who said he was in the Criminal Division of the Justice De partment, also appeared to examine the documents. Mr. Fay went over them last Saturday. The State Department officials were Sam Boykin, director of the office of controls, and Donald Nich olson, chief of the division of secur ity. Asked to Be Heard. Asked if the committee called them over, Mr. Boykin replied: "We asked to come over. We were not asked.” The State Department officials de *TSee~RED INQUIRY, Page A-6.) Bramuglia to Leave Rome Tomorrow for U. S. Visit ■y th* AwociaUd Pr«» ROME, Dec. 6.—The American Embassy announced today that Juan A. Bramuglia, Argentina’s Foreign Minister, would leave here tomorrow for the United States, tin Paris sources close to the Argentine United Nations dele gation said he was going to Washington on a ‘‘courtesy visit” on the invitation of President Truman.) The embassy said Mr. Bramuglia would go to' the United States by commercial plane. It gave no in formation on the purposes of the visit or Its probable duration. Ships Rush to C-54 Survivors Sighted in Mid-Pacific by Plane Transport Ditched After Engine Trouble 478 Miles From Tiny Johnston Island By the Associated Press JOHNSTON ISLAND, Dec. 6.— An undetermined number of sur vivors from an Air Force C-54 transport, forced down in the mid-Pacific, was placed under constant air watch today while a rescue ship sped toward the scene. The plane, with 37 Air Force per sonnel aboard, was ditched early yesterday 478 miles southwest of this tiny island and about 1,200 miles southwest of Honolulu. The naval patrol craft PC-1141 from Johnston Island was due to reach the survivors about 1 p.m. Johnston Island time (7 p.m. EST). The escort aircraft carrier Rendova and the Navy freighter Zelma were due at the scene about the same time. Flares were sighted late last night by a B-17 search plane, which dropped a 27-foot boat. Officers directing the rescue oper ation and flares seen later indicated that at least some of the castaways had managed to board the boat. The B-17 which made the first sighting was damaged in dropping the boat and returned immediately to Johnston Island with its radio broken and a hole in its fuselage. A Navy Privateer re-located the men early today and took up a vigil overhead. Relays of planes were to maintain this watch until the surface craft arrived. The C-54 was one of five en route from Okinawa to Spokane, Wash., with ground personnel of the 98th Bomb Group. It was ditched at (See PLANE, Page A-6. > U. N. to Quit Saturday In Paris, Reconvene April 1 in New York Group Debating Korea Bars Officials From North, but Not South BULLETIN PARIS <*).—'The United Na tions Assembly voted tonight to adjourn its Paris session on the night of December 11-12 and reconvene in New York on April 1, 1949. instead of February 1 as urged by the Steering Committee. The Po litical Committee, debating the Korean question, refused to admit representatives of Soviet-occupied Northern Kor ea, but agreed to invite rep resentatives of the Southern Korean Republic. If the Associated Press PARIS, Dec. 6.—Russia was challenged in the United Nations today to show proof that the “people's republic” she set up in North Korea is a free govern ment. Peter Fraser. Prime Minister of New Zealand, thumped the table as he declared in U. N. Political Com mittee debate: “If there is a free government in North Korea, produce it.*’ Mr. Fraser led the attack on the Russian - sponsored regime which shut out U. N. observers when they tried to supervise elections there earlier this year. Criticism Called Claptrap. The U. N. observers were admitted to American - occupied Southern Korea where they supervised the j elections which resulted in estab lishment of the Korean republic. Mr. Fraser said Russian bloc at tacks on methods used to conduct the elections in the American zone were “claptrap." Soviet spokesmen charged the South Korean elections were held ; under “a wave of terror” and that the “cards were stacked.” “There is net one scrap of evi dence,” Mr. Fraser said. “What we want is proof. The United States cannot be expected to lie down in Southern Korea and take it.” Colonies Debate Put Aside. Earlier, the committee rejected, 32 to 8, a Russian proposal for im mediate debate on the future of Italy's prewar colonies. The nations of the Soviet sphere ! supported a Czechoslovak proposal j to invite representatives of the Russian-sponsored North Korea re gime to the committee debate. The ,j representatives are reported now j waiting in Prague, j Jacob Malik of the Soviet Union said all Forean parties, except “ex treme rightists and militaristic cir ;cles,” want withdrawal of foreign troops from Korea and establish ment of a single government. Mr. Fraser retorted by asking who observed the elections in northern Korea. The committee estimates it has time to consider only one big ques tion between now and adjournment, scheduled for Saturday or Sunday. Thus the question of the Italian colonies is thrown into the second part of the session, probably to be held in New York early next year, or to a special session there. Dalles Opposes Delay. The problem of Italy's prewar 1 possessions was thrown to the Gen eral Assembly September 15—six days before the present session be gan—after the Big Four powers failed to agree on how to dlspbse of the colonies. The Italian peace treaty provided that Britain, France, the United States and Russia try to agree on the future of the colonies But that if they failed, the question would i be decided by the United Nations. There was speculation among the delegates that the Russian bloc was more interested in sidetracking the Korean debate than bringing up the question of the Italian colonies im mediately. The possibility that the Korean debate would move slowly was fore shadowed by Russia’s refusal to agree to limit speeches to 30 minutes. John Foster Dulles of the United States opposed any move to delay the Korean debate. "The question of Korea la urgent in the Far East," he said. Chinese Reds Claim They Have Encircled Troops From Suchow 110,000 Who Withdrew From City Five Days Ago Reported Trapped By Associated Press NANKING, Dec. 6 —The Chi nese Communist radio reported ! tonight that Red forces had com pleted “an air-tight encircle ment” of the Nationalist former Suchow garrison in the develop ing battle for Nanking. The garrison, comprising some 110.000 combat troops in the 16th, 13th and 2d Army Groups, aban doned Suchow last Wednesday in an effort to reach the trapped govern ment 12th Army Group in the Suhsien sector, about 45 miles to the south. If the Communist claim is true it means that only the government troops on the new Hwai River de fense line enjoy freedom of move ment in the region. The line was set up recently 100 miles northeast of Nanking, but is manned by rela tively inferior troops. “Annihilation'* Threatened. The Red broadcast boasted that 20.000 government troops had been ‘annihilated,” and added: “If these troops refuse to sur render very soon, they will be en tirely wiped out before long.” The Suchow garrison has been delayed in its southward march by Communists between 10 and 25 miles of the captured city. A gov ernment military spokesman said the three army groups veered west ward, headed south again and were now about 35 miles southwest of I Suchow. Civilians Also Encircled. But it was known that some 125, 000 Communists under Gen Chen Yi were massing across the path. The Red radio broadcast implied that other Communist forces had de scended upon the Nationalist armies from the north and west. The broadcast said those en circled also included civilian per sonnel of the Kuomintang (govern ment) party and Suchow city officials. Foreign military observers said the Suchow' troops—largest govern ment force in all East China—must ! break through the Reds or face probable annihilation. Having de stroyed huge supply depots in the j evacuation of Suchow, the troops are carrying only limited supplies. Battle to Be Decisive. The battle probably will be deci sive, in any event. The immediate future of Chiang Kai-shek’s Na tionalist government is regarded as hinging on developments between 100 and 200 miles northwest of Nanking. Following the evacuation of Su chow last Wednesday, government forces spearheaded by the 16th and crack 2d Army Groups feinted south and southeast. The 13th Army Group protected their rear. Their current maneuver brings them about 35 miles southwest of Suchow. Almost directly to their south, (See CHINaTPage ~A-67) Chain Stores Reduce Some Meat Prices Reductions in retail prices of some meats were reported by District chain stores today, reflecting a de cline in the wholesale market. One chain was selling chuck roast at 49 cents a pound, a 4-cent reduc tion from its week-end price list. Porterhouse, T-bone and cloi> steaks all were listed at 87 cents a pound, a 2-cent reduction. Rib-end pork loin roasts continued to sell at the week-end price of 43 cents, while whole loins sold at 51 cents, 2 cents cheaper, and loin end roasts at 49 cents, also 2 cents less. The stores also reported one brand of eggs selling at 63 cents, 4 cents off the week-end price. Even larger slices in cost were re ported by the Associated Press in New York, with the A. & P. stores quoting reductions of from 4 to 8 cents on virtually every cut of beef and pork. The Grand Union Co. advertised reductions of up to 10 cents on 65 meat prices. Berlin Piles Up 1,330,820 Voles Against Reds 86.2 Pet. of Eligibles Cast Valid Balfots; Socialists Triumph By th* Associated Press BERLIN, Dec. 6.—A final count showed today that blockaded Berliners slapped the Commu nists with 1,330,820 votes, each one a protest against Soviet oc cupation policies. The Central Election Bureau said 86.2 per cent of the eligible voters i cast valid ballots yesterday in the I three western sectors for the reg ularly scheduled city elections, which the Communists boycotted. The vote swept the Socialist Party into power in the western part of the city. Like the Christian Democrats and the Liberal Democrats, who ran1 second and third, the Socialists are anti-Communist. Voters Defy Red Threats. The final results: Social Democrats (Socialists)— 858.100 ( 64.5 per cent). Christrian Democrats (conserva tive)—258,496 <19.4 per cent). Liberal Democrats (conservative) —214,224 (16.1 per cent). In all, 1,586,090 Germans were eligible to vote in the constitution ally prescribed election in the three sectors, under American, British and French control. The Russians re fused to conduct or permit voting 1 in their sector. In voting, the Western Berliners defied a variety of threats from the Communists. Although the Communists had urged either a boycott of the polls or spoiling ballots, election officials said the number actually rendered ! invalid was not unusual. It was slightly more than 36,000. Test of East-West Struggle. j The voters balloted for represents- j fives in the city and borough assem blies. They voted for the party of their choice. Each party received seats in the assemblies in proportion to the share of total votes. The assemblymen are named bv party Executive Committees. Anti-Communist leaders regarded every ballot as a vote against Rus j sian occupation policies. I Although the election ordinarily would have been merely a local contest between rival political parties, the East-West struggle magnified it into a barometer in dicating support of Soviet or West ; srn policies. 1 The 86.2 per cent figure of eligi ble voters who cast ballots was doubly significant. Even if all non voters were Communists—which is not likely—they could not have polled more than 13.8 per cent of the total. In 1946 the Communists polled 19 per cent of the vote. Vote Forbidden by Reds. The Soviet military' command had forbidden the election in its sector of Berlin. The Russians set up a ; “rump’’ Communist government of | their section in the city last week. German Communists had re fused to be on the ballot and threat | (See ELECTION. Page" A-3.) Electric Workers Quit Plants in East Berlin By tht Associated Press BERLIN, Dec. 6.—Two thousand Berlin electric workers decided to-1 night they won’t work any more in j the Soviet sector of the city because j Communist police there spy on them and moiest them. The workers, employes in the main office of Bewag, the German power company which supplies elec tricity to this divided, blockaded city, took a vote at the close of business today. Through a spokes man, they announced they would report tomorrow' to branch offices in Western Berlin. The decision was reached after Communist police ignored a work ers’ ultimatum to quit the Bewag premises in the Soviet sector by p.m. There was no immediate hint as to how the power supply in the Russian sector w'ould be affected by the w'alkout. Bewag supplies all Berlin with electric power from two plants in the Soviet sector and three in West ern Berlin. ... BETTER GET COIN' , ON YOUR CHRISTMAS SHOPPIN'.JOHN— , ALBEN AND I DID f v OURS EARLY! jJ YEAH—Burl YOU USED A CHARGE \ ACCOUNT] ELEdTiONj ! - War on Red Guerrillas In Greece Bogs Down, Truman Report Says 'Conspicuous Success' Seen Earlier Is Modified; Turkish Progress Made By the Associated Press President Truman said today the drive to crush Greece’s Com munist-backed guerrillas has bogged down. He told Congress the American advised Greek Army itself was part ly to blame for failing to make a "determined effort” against the re maining rebels after a series of victories last summer. As a result, Mr. Truman said, Greek morale has sagged and an earlier “encouraging prospect” for eliminating the guerrillas failed to materialize despite the delivery of ! more than $170,000,000 worth of American arms and supplies. "A military stalemate has ensued which has prolonged the struggle,” i the president said in a letter trans mitting a new report to Congress on the two-year, $625,000,000 Greek Turkish aid program. Sees Progress in Turkey. In Turkey, by contrast, the re port declared that American aid is showing definite results. It said "significant progress” has been made toward increasing the fire power and efficiency of the Turkish AVmy to enable it to continue to resist Communist pressures, and added: "The Turkish people have taken advantage of their opportunity. Tur- j key is today working hard to de rive maximum benefit from United States supplies and training.” The report covered operations of the two air programs through the three months ended September 30. Its sober references to the situa-; tion in Greece contrasted with Mr. Truman's statement in the preced ing quarterly report that the Greek aid enterprise was a "con spicuous success." Guerrillas Gain In Force. The latest report estimated some 22.000 guerrillas were still trying to "spread ruin and demoralization in an attempt to prepare the way for ultimate Communist domination of Greece." The number was put at around 15.000 when Congress voted the first aid funds 18 months ago. Today’s report forecast rejection of an Athens plea for American sup port of a plan to expand the Greek Army. There w'as no direct reference to the proposal—reported to call for hiking the present authorized strength of 168,500 to possibly 250, 000—but the report said: "So far as number of troops, sup plies aftd equipment are concerned, United States authorities are con fident that the Greek Army, Navy and air forces possess the capability of restoring internal security in Greece in the face of a guerrilla movement of the present propor tions." Of last Summer’s offensive against (See GREEK-TURKISH, Page A-6.) Italian Air Crash Kills Five MILAN, Italy, Dec. 6 UP).—A plane of the Italian Airlines, en route to Brussels, crashed and burned at Porlania Airport, near here, today just after taking off, killing the crew of four Italians and one Ger man passenger. Auto Victim's Widow, 73, Killed ByStreetcar on Her Way to Mass An elderly Washington widow, was killed instantly today when; struck by a streetcar while on her way to early morning mass. ' Police said Mrs. Annie W. O'Con nell. 73, of 1207 Decatur street N.W., mother of 11 children, was struck at Georgia avenue and Decatur street N.W. She was on her way to the Church of the Nativity, Georgia avenue and Peabody street N.W. Mrs. O’Connell’s husband, David J. O’Connell, died 11 years ago this month, after being struck by an automobile at M street and New Hampshire avenue N.W. He was in business here for many years and at one time operated a liquor store on Pennsylvania avenue N.W. Operator of the streetcar, police said, was Walter T. Weaver, 62, of 2 Sycamore road, Takoma Park, Md. The Rev. John B. Koeaer oi &t. Gabriel's, was called to the scene of the accident and administered the last rites of the Catholic church. Mrs. O’Connell was a member of St. Gabriel's parish, 26 Grant Circle N.W., but attended mass every morning at the Church of the Na tivity because transportation was more convenient. Her family said she hadn’t missed daily mass in years. She was a member of the Sodality at St. Gabriel’s. Mrs. O'Connell had lived in Wash ington about 35 years. She was born near Staunton, Va: Mrs. O’Connell’s death is the 64th traffic fatality of the year as com pared to 67 this time last year. She is the 50th pedestrian fatality against 46 pedestrian deaths to, date in 1947. Furniture Moved To Make Way for White House Job (Picture on Page A-5.) Today was moving day at the White House, Preparing for reconstruction of the second floor, workmen began stripping the Executiye Mansion of its furniture, which will be stored in the National Gallary of Art. Earlier, all the Pictures had been removed to the gallery. The Trumans’ personal effects i have gone to the Blair House where I the presidential family will live for the year or so required for the con struction work. Operations on the building itself : will get underway as soon after the1 first of the year as the necessary j ! appropriations can be approved by Congress. Mrs. Truman, who had dropped by the White House to collect some more personal belongings, watched the moving for a few moment* and commented wryly, “This is a mess.” Detectives Hunt Clues To Missing li Hours In Dead Clothier's Life Billfold Can't Be Found, Robbery Not Precluded; Piece of Lumber Studied Detectives searched today for a missing page in Charles Scheer’s life—the 165 minutes during which an assailant may have inflicted a fatal wound on the merchant in his little cloth ing store at 1100 North Capitol street. Mr. Scheer died Saturday in George Washington University Hos pital of a skull fracture and brain laceration which Coroner A. Ma gruder MacDonald and other doc tors believe he had not received in a fall. Last Monday evening the 48-year old merchant became ill, but re mained at this store for more than five hours before going to the hos pital. There examination revealed the head injury and Mr. Scheer, lapsing into unconsciousness, died despite an operation. If a robber invaded the store and struck Mr. Scheer, the merchant was never able to tell of it. Doctors said it was not unusual for a person suffering from such a blow to act normally for minutes, hours or even days thereafter, without remember ing the act. Billfold Is Missing. Although the store was not rifled, police were not precluding a robbery motive. They revealed that Mr. Scheer's billfold, contents unknown, was missing from his person. Homicide detectives also studied a 30-inch piece of 2x4 lumber found near the store, at a spot they would not specify. They said such an article might have been used to as sault Mr. Scheer. Dr. MacDonald, who prepared to swear in a coroner's jury over the body today, said the lethal blow! fell along the right side of the skull I in such a position that it was pos sible Mr. Scheer never saw his as sailant. Detective Sergt. Richard J. Pelber. I investigaitng the case with Sergt. Harold C. Hoffman, told of tracing Mr. Scheer's activities of last Mon day. Talked to Wife at 1:45 P.M. Mr. Scheer unquestionably was unharmed up to 1:45 p. m., when he talked to his wife, Edith, by tele phone. But then there is a gap, until 4:30 p. m.—or 165 minutes— when Bernard James, 14, of 1108 Half street court N. W„ a newsboy, found Mr. Scheer ill in the front of tli6 store. The clothier told the boy he would, be all right, but Bernard returned twice, the second time at 5:35 p. m„! and found him still complaining, j A bit later John Griffith, 51, of 57 New York avenue N.W., a carpenter, visited the store. An old friend, Mr. Griffith was concerned when Mr. Scheer said he had an upset stom ach and a headache. He remem bered Mr." Scheer had been under treatment for a stomach ailment for several years. He sought to comfort his friend with two aspirin tablets. Perry Harris, 43, of 1206 O street N.E., cashed a $29 check at the store (See SCHEER, Page A-6J Hearings Start Today On Business Profits; O'Mahoney Cites 1929 Increased Taxes Then Would Have Cushioned Crash, Senator Thinks By the Associated Press A Senate-House Economic Sub committee is scheduled to begin public hearings this afternoon on business profits. Senator Flanders, Republican, of Vermont, who will preside at the hearings, said they will provide a background in the next Congress for a wide variety of legislative pro posals. These will include higher; taxes. Government price and ra-; tioning controls, housing and labor management relations, j Industrialists, leaders of major ! labor unions, accountants and eco nomists have been invited to give i their views about what, if anything, | Congress should do about profits Vhich are estimated at a record j $20,000,000,000 for this year. Harvard Men Scheduled^ Two Harvard University econo mists, Sumner H. Slichter and Sey mour Harris, are scheduled as to day's witness. Meanwhile, Senator O'Mahoney, Democrat, of Wyoming, a mem-1 ber of the committee, cited the 1929 financial crash as an argu ment for boosting taxes on busi ness profits. Corporation earnings now are pil ing up at about the same rate as in 1929, although the companies are bigger, so the earnings are greater than ever before, Senator O'Ma honey said. "The conclusion we are asked to draw from this is that these profits should not be taxed,” the Senator told a reporter. "My conclusion is, on the contrary, that if the cor porate profits of 1929 had been adequately taxed, this Government would have been in a much better fiscal position than it was to meet the depression.” Would Levy on Excess Now. The Wyoming Senator also is one; of the leading Congressional sup porters of President Truman's twice rejected plea to reimpose a modified form of the wartime excess profits tax to boost Government revenue and try to curb inflation. Senator O'Hahoney said earnings of the 100 largest corporations are nearly double the incomes of the same business units in 1945. He proposes that “little business” or small independent corporations be given special exemptions under any profits tax plan. This might be to exempt the first $50,000 or $100,000 of profits. The Government will need many billions to carry on its foreign aid and recovery programs as well as to expand national defense in the next few years, Senator O’Mahoney said. “We should not risk deficit financing of the peace,” he added,, “because to do so will play right into the hands of the Communists.” U. S. Bermuda Base Ruled Under Wage-Hour Law By th« Associated Press The Supreme Court today ruled, 5-4, that a defense base in Ber muda leased to the United States by the British Government may be considered a “possession” of this country, within the meaning of the Federal wage-hour law. . The ruling means the 40-hour week and other provisions of the wage-hour law apply to work done at the base. It was given in a suit involving overtime pay claims by 11 workmen who were employed by American concerns during wartime construction of the base known as Fort Bell and Kindley Field in Ber muda. Justice Reed write the court’s ma jority opinion. Justice Jackson wrote a dissent in which Chief Jus tice Vinson and Justices Frankfur ter and Burton joined. The workmen sued the Vermilya Brown Co., Inc.; Necaro Co., Inc., and the Arthur A. Johnson Corp., doing business as Bermuda base contractors. The Wage-Hour Act says its coverage includes "any ter ritory or possession” of the United States. 2 Doomed Japs Win Hearing by Supreme Court High Tribunal Votes 5-4 to Study Appeal In War Crimes Case By the Associated Press The Supreme Court by a 5-4 vote today granted a hearing to two Japanese wartime officials convicted as war criminals and sentenced to be hanged. The court’s action was made known in an opinion by Justice Jackson. He said he had agreed with Justices Black, Douglas, Mur phy and Rutledge that the two Japanese should have a high court hearing. That meant a contrary view was held by Chief Justice Vinson and Justices Reed, Frankfurter and Burton. The appeals were filed on behalf of Gen. Kenji Doihara and Kokl Hirota, former Premier of Japan. In addition to the appeals by Ger mans, the court had rejected appeals from two other Japanese war leaders sentenced to death—Gen. Masaharu Homma, who ordered the infamous Bataan “death march.” and Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanse com mander in the closing days of the Philippines campaign. They were executed. The appeals challenged legality of trials conducted by the international military tribunal at Tokyo. Extensions Deferred. After the appeals were filed here last Monday. Gen. MacArthur an nounced that' execution of the sentences given Doihara and Hirota and of five other condemned Japa nese warmakers would be deferred pending Supreme Court action. None of the five others filed appeals. Among them is wartime Premier Hideki Tojo. Gen. MacArthur previously con firmed the sentences of death on the gallows given by ^ the military tribunal to the top sewn war crim inals. He also confirmed prison sentences given 18 others, all but two of which were life sentences. Doihara was a Japanese under cover expert in China and Man churia. Chinese called him “tha bird of evil omen.” Hirota was & career man who attended a pre Pearl Harbor conference of former premiers at which war plans were made. : Jackson's Vote Decides, i The Supreme Court appeals were | filed by Attorney William Logan. ! jr„ of New York and Davis P. Smith ; of this city. j Justice Jackson said he had re ' frained from participating in earlier similar appeals filed by Germans convicted in the war trials. He said that he did this to avoid embarrass ment for the United States since he had served as chief United States prosecutor at the trials of the top Nazis. He said that in the case of the j two Japanese the court split. 4-4, so j that he had the deciding vote. 5 of 7 Jap War Leaders Doomed by Single Vote TOKYO. Dec. 6 .The death penalty for five of the seven Jap anese war lords sentenced to hang was approved by a six-to-five vote of the International Military Tribu nal, reliable sources said today. War Premier Hideki Tojo and Gen. Heitaro Kimura, once Tojo’s vice minister, were given the death penalty by a vote of seven to four, the informants said. All seven prisoners have received stays of execution pending an ap peal by ex-Premier Koki Hirota and Gen. Kenji Doihara to tha United States Supreme Court. Also sentenced to the gallows were Gens. Seishiro Itagaki, Iwane Matsui and Akira Muto. The sources said Sir William Webb, president of the 11-member war crimes tribunal, and Maj. Gen. I. M. Zaryanov of Russia refused to vote for death on grounds their own courts do not inflict such a penalty. Others said to have joined in vot ing against execution in five casea were Justices R. B. Pal of India, Victor A. Roling of the Netherlands and Henri Bernard of France. All 11 judges except Mr. Pal signed the majority judgment. Bevin, Back From Vacation, Confers With Hoffman By the Associated Press LONDON, Dec. 6.—Foreign Secre tary Ernest Bevin returned to his desk today after a month’s vacation. He has a full calendar of confer ences and is to review international t affairs in the House of Commons later in the week. ECA Administrator Paul Hoffman and his aides, here primarily to dis cuss a slowdown in dismantling Ruhr industries, called on Mr. Bevin shortly after the Foreign Secretary skimmed through a report on yes terday’s Berlin election. Late News Bulletins Hamilton Takes Pitt Post PITTSBURGH (A*). — Capt. Thomas Hamilton, director of athletics at the Naval Academy at Annapolis, today accepted a similar position at the Univer sity of Pittsburgh. Pitt officials said he will report here Feb ruary 1. (Earlier Story on Page A-14.) Court Overrules Folsom The Supreme Court today refused to order Alabama’s presidential electors to cast their ballots for President Tru man, rejecting requests by Gov. James E. Folsom of Alabama > and three State voters.