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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 06, 1948, Image 1

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Weatluer Forecast
Sunny and windy today, becoming colder
later. Clear tonight, lowest about 30. To
morrow mostly sunny, highest near 50. (Pull
report on Page A-2.)
Midnight..50 6 a.m_52 11 a.m-60
2 a.m. I..48 8 a.m_51 Noon-60
4 a.m_51 10 a.m-59 1 pm.61
Lote New York Markets, Poge A-17.
Guide lor Readers
Amusements —A-18
Comics ..B-18-19
Editorial .A-8
Editorial Articles A-9
Lost and Found—A-3
Obituary ..A-19
Society, Clubs-B-3
Sports _A-14-15
Where to Go-B-ll
Woman’s Page--A-12
An Associated Press Newspaper
96th Year. No. 341. Phone ST. 5000
City Home Delivery. Dmlly end Sundey. S1.20 e Month. When 6 C CENTS
Sundey*. *1.30. Night Finel Edition. *1.30 end *1.40 per Month —
Chambers Testifies, Hiss Waits,
Before Grand Jury in New York;
New Spy Evidence Hinted Here
—- 4
Committee Delays
Press Meeting Due
To Developments
Whittaker Chambers, avowed
former Soviet espionage agent,
testified today before a special
grand jury in New York as it
began an investigation of evi
dence that secret State and Navy
Department documents were
slipped from State Department
files here in 1938.
As Mr. Chambers, now a senior
editor of Time Magazine, went be
fore the grand jury, Alger Hiss,
former State Department official,
awaited his turn to testify. Mr.
Chambers has charged—and Mr.
Hiss denied—that the former State
Department official was a member
of a prewar Communist under
ground group here.
The Associated Press reported that
the two men arrived within minutes
of each other and took their places
in the grand jury witness room.
Earlier, a Federal official reported
that Mr. Hiss, now president of the
Carnegie Endowment for Interna
tional Peace, had been subpoenaed
by the grand jury which has been
investigating espionage for almost
a year and a half.
Hearings to Open Here.
The grand jury renewed its in
quiry as the House Committee on
Un-American Activities prepared to
open public hearings tomorrow on
what committee members described
as “startling” information about
the operation of a prewar espion
age ring here.
Much of the evidence Mr. Cham
bers reportedly was submitting to
the New York grand jury was gath
ered by the House committee last
week. It consisted of documents
and 10-year-old microfilms of secret
papers obtained from Mr. Cham
Committee members said the doc
uments offer “definite and shocking
proof” of a Communist spy network
operating in the State Department
before the war.
Press Conference Postponed.
A press conference by committee
members to discuss the evidence was
scheduled for shortly before 1 pm.
today and then postponed until 3
p.m. *'• '
Robert E Stripling, chief commit
tee investigator, said the conference
was delayed because of important
new evidence.
Closed sessions with Undersecre
tary of State Lovett, former Under
secretary Sumner Welles, and former
Assistan Secretary Francis B. Sayre
will precede • the public hearings,
committee officials said.
The closed sessions, it was ex
plained, will help the committee
decide whether the 10-year-old
microfilms of some of the docu
ments or other top-secret data are
"too hot” to be made public.
Representative Nixon, Republican
of California, a committee member,
' escribed them as "damnably im
At the request of the Justice De
partment, the committee sent Wil
liam A. Wheeler, a committee in
vestigator, to New York today to
present copies to the grand jury.
Expected to Testify.
Mr. Wheeler was expected to
testify before the grand jury and
describe how the film was found in
a hollowed-out pumpkin on the farm
of Mr. Chambers at Westminster.
Md. Asked in New York why Mr.
Chambers, who is now- a senior editor
of Time magazine, had not disclosed
the microfilm previously during tes
timony before the House committee,
Mr. Wheeler replied:
"He's a Quaker and didn't want
to hurt anybody.”
Flies Back to Washington.
Mr. Nixon, who made a dramatic
plane trip back to Washington after
leaving a Panama-bound ship yes
terday, conferred today with other
members of the House committee
and Mr. Stripling on the evidence
to be considered at the public hear
ing tomorrow-.
While they were pouring over the
stacks pf enlarged microfilms and*
other documents, two State De
partment security officers came to
the committee room to go over the
United States Attorney George
Morris Fay, accompanied by Vin
cent Russo, who said he was in the
Criminal Division of the Justice De
partment, also appeared to examine
the documents. Mr. Fay went over
them last Saturday.
The State Department officials
were Sam Boykin, director of the
office of controls, and Donald Nich
olson, chief of the division of secur
Asked to Be Heard.
Asked if the committee called
them over, Mr. Boykin replied:
"We asked to come over. We were
not asked.”
The State Department officials de
*TSee~RED INQUIRY, Page A-6.)
Bramuglia to Leave Rome
Tomorrow for U. S. Visit
■y th* AwociaUd Pr«»
ROME, Dec. 6.—The American
Embassy announced today that
Juan A. Bramuglia, Argentina’s
Foreign Minister, would leave here
tomorrow for the United States,
tin Paris sources close to the
Argentine United Nations dele
gation said he was going to
Washington on a ‘‘courtesy visit”
on the invitation of President
The embassy said Mr. Bramuglia
would go to' the United States by
commercial plane. It gave no in
formation on the purposes of the
visit or Its probable duration.
Ships Rush to C-54 Survivors
Sighted in Mid-Pacific by Plane
Transport Ditched After Engine Trouble
478 Miles From Tiny Johnston Island
By the Associated Press
An undetermined number of sur
vivors from an Air Force C-54
transport, forced down in the
mid-Pacific, was placed under
constant air watch today while a
rescue ship sped toward the
The plane, with 37 Air Force per
sonnel aboard, was ditched early
yesterday 478 miles southwest of
this tiny island and about 1,200 miles
southwest of Honolulu.
The naval patrol craft PC-1141
from Johnston Island was due to
reach the survivors about 1 p.m.
Johnston Island time (7 p.m. EST).
The escort aircraft carrier Rendova
and the Navy freighter Zelma were
due at the scene about the same
Flares were sighted late last night
by a B-17 search plane, which
dropped a 27-foot boat.
Officers directing the rescue oper
ation and flares seen later indicated
that at least some of the castaways
had managed to board the boat.
The B-17 which made the first
sighting was damaged in dropping
the boat and returned immediately
to Johnston Island with its radio
broken and a hole in its fuselage.
A Navy Privateer re-located the
men early today and took up a
vigil overhead.
Relays of planes were to maintain
this watch until the surface craft
The C-54 was one of five en route
from Okinawa to Spokane, Wash.,
with ground personnel of the 98th
Bomb Group. It was ditched at
(See PLANE, Page A-6. >
U. N. to Quit Saturday
In Paris, Reconvene
April 1 in New York
Group Debating Korea
Bars Officials From
North, but Not South
PARIS <*).—'The United Na
tions Assembly voted tonight
to adjourn its Paris session on
the night of December 11-12
and reconvene in New York
on April 1, 1949. instead of
February 1 as urged by the
Steering Committee. The Po
litical Committee, debating
the Korean question, refused
to admit representatives of
Soviet-occupied Northern Kor
ea, but agreed to invite rep
resentatives of the Southern
Korean Republic.
If the Associated Press
PARIS, Dec. 6.—Russia was
challenged in the United Nations
today to show proof that the
“people's republic” she set up in
North Korea is a free govern
Peter Fraser. Prime Minister of
New Zealand, thumped the table as
he declared in U. N. Political Com
mittee debate:
“If there is a free government
in North Korea, produce it.*’
Mr. Fraser led the attack on the
Russian - sponsored regime which
shut out U. N. observers when
they tried to supervise elections
there earlier this year.
Criticism Called Claptrap.
The U. N. observers were admitted
to American - occupied Southern
Korea where they supervised the
j elections which resulted in estab
lishment of the Korean republic.
Mr. Fraser said Russian bloc at
tacks on methods used to conduct
the elections in the American zone
were “claptrap."
Soviet spokesmen charged the
South Korean elections were held
; under “a wave of terror” and that
the “cards were stacked.”
“There is net one scrap of evi
dence,” Mr. Fraser said. “What we
want is proof. The United States
cannot be expected to lie down in
Southern Korea and take it.”
Colonies Debate Put Aside.
Earlier, the committee rejected,
32 to 8, a Russian proposal for im
mediate debate on the future of
Italy's prewar colonies.
The nations of the Soviet sphere
! supported a Czechoslovak proposal
j to invite representatives of the
Russian-sponsored North Korea re
gime to the committee debate. The
,j representatives are reported now
j waiting in Prague,
j Jacob Malik of the Soviet Union
said all Forean parties, except “ex
treme rightists and militaristic cir
;cles,” want withdrawal of foreign
troops from Korea and establish
ment of a single government.
Mr. Fraser retorted by asking who
observed the elections in northern
The committee estimates it has
time to consider only one big ques
tion between now and adjournment,
scheduled for Saturday or Sunday.
Thus the question of the Italian
colonies is thrown into the second
part of the session, probably to be
held in New York early next year,
or to a special session there.
Dalles Opposes Delay.
The problem of Italy's prewar
1 possessions was thrown to the Gen
eral Assembly September 15—six
days before the present session be
gan—after the Big Four powers
failed to agree on how to dlspbse of
the colonies.
The Italian peace treaty provided
that Britain, France, the United
States and Russia try to agree on
the future of the colonies But that
if they failed, the question would
i be decided by the United Nations.
There was speculation among the
delegates that the Russian bloc was
more interested in sidetracking the
Korean debate than bringing up the
question of the Italian colonies im
The possibility that the Korean
debate would move slowly was fore
shadowed by Russia’s refusal to
agree to limit speeches to 30 minutes.
John Foster Dulles of the United
States opposed any move to delay
the Korean debate. "The question
of Korea la urgent in the Far East,"
he said.
Chinese Reds Claim
They Have Encircled
Troops From Suchow
110,000 Who Withdrew
From City Five Days
Ago Reported Trapped
By Associated Press
NANKING, Dec. 6 —The Chi
nese Communist radio reported
! tonight that Red forces had com
pleted “an air-tight encircle
ment” of the Nationalist former
Suchow garrison in the develop
ing battle for Nanking.
The garrison, comprising some
110.000 combat troops in the 16th,
13th and 2d Army Groups, aban
doned Suchow last Wednesday in an
effort to reach the trapped govern
ment 12th Army Group in the
Suhsien sector, about 45 miles to
the south.
If the Communist claim is true
it means that only the government
troops on the new Hwai River de
fense line enjoy freedom of move
ment in the region. The line was
set up recently 100 miles northeast
of Nanking, but is manned by rela
tively inferior troops.
“Annihilation'* Threatened.
The Red broadcast boasted that
20.000 government troops had been
‘annihilated,” and added:
“If these troops refuse to sur
render very soon, they will be en
tirely wiped out before long.”
The Suchow garrison has been
delayed in its southward march by
Communists between 10 and 25
miles of the captured city. A gov
ernment military spokesman said
the three army groups veered west
ward, headed south again and were
now about 35 miles southwest of
I Suchow.
Civilians Also Encircled.
But it was known that some 125,
000 Communists under Gen Chen Yi
were massing across the path. The
Red radio broadcast implied that
other Communist forces had de
scended upon the Nationalist armies
from the north and west.
The broadcast said those en
circled also included civilian per
sonnel of the Kuomintang (govern
ment) party and Suchow city
Foreign military observers said
the Suchow' troops—largest govern
ment force in all East China—must
! break through the Reds or face
probable annihilation. Having de
stroyed huge supply depots in the
j evacuation of Suchow, the troops
are carrying only limited supplies.
Battle to Be Decisive.
The battle probably will be deci
sive, in any event. The immediate
future of Chiang Kai-shek’s Na
tionalist government is regarded as
hinging on developments between
100 and 200 miles northwest of
Following the evacuation of Su
chow last Wednesday, government
forces spearheaded by the 16th and
crack 2d Army Groups feinted south
and southeast. The 13th Army
Group protected their rear.
Their current maneuver brings
them about 35 miles southwest of
Almost directly to their south,
(See CHINaTPage ~A-67)
Chain Stores Reduce
Some Meat Prices
Reductions in retail prices of some
meats were reported by District
chain stores today, reflecting a de
cline in the wholesale market.
One chain was selling chuck roast
at 49 cents a pound, a 4-cent reduc
tion from its week-end price list.
Porterhouse, T-bone and cloi> steaks
all were listed at 87 cents a pound,
a 2-cent reduction.
Rib-end pork loin roasts continued
to sell at the week-end price of 43
cents, while whole loins sold at 51
cents, 2 cents cheaper, and loin end
roasts at 49 cents, also 2 cents less.
The stores also reported one brand
of eggs selling at 63 cents, 4 cents
off the week-end price.
Even larger slices in cost were re
ported by the Associated Press in
New York, with the A. & P. stores
quoting reductions of from 4 to 8
cents on virtually every cut of beef
and pork. The Grand Union Co.
advertised reductions of up to 10
cents on 65 meat prices.
Berlin Piles Up
1,330,820 Voles
Against Reds
86.2 Pet. of Eligibles
Cast Valid Balfots;
Socialists Triumph
By th* Associated Press
BERLIN, Dec. 6.—A final count
showed today that blockaded
Berliners slapped the Commu
nists with 1,330,820 votes, each
one a protest against Soviet oc
cupation policies.
The Central Election Bureau said
86.2 per cent of the eligible voters
i cast valid ballots yesterday in the
I three western sectors for the reg
ularly scheduled city elections,
which the Communists boycotted.
The vote swept the Socialist Party
into power in the western part of the
city. Like the Christian Democrats
and the Liberal Democrats, who ran1
second and third, the Socialists are
Voters Defy Red Threats.
The final results:
Social Democrats (Socialists)—
858.100 ( 64.5 per cent).
Christrian Democrats (conserva
tive)—258,496 <19.4 per cent).
Liberal Democrats (conservative)
—214,224 (16.1 per cent).
In all, 1,586,090 Germans were
eligible to vote in the constitution
ally prescribed election in the three
sectors, under American, British and
French control. The Russians re
fused to conduct or permit voting
1 in their sector. In voting, the
Western Berliners defied a variety of
threats from the Communists.
Although the Communists had
urged either a boycott of the polls
or spoiling ballots, election officials
said the number actually rendered
! invalid was not unusual. It was
slightly more than 36,000.
Test of East-West Struggle. j
The voters balloted for represents- j
fives in the city and borough assem
blies. They voted for the party of
their choice. Each party received
seats in the assemblies in proportion
to the share of total votes. The
assemblymen are named bv party
Executive Committees.
Anti-Communist leaders regarded
every ballot as a vote against Rus
j sian occupation policies.
I Although the election ordinarily
would have been merely a local
contest between rival political
parties, the East-West struggle
magnified it into a barometer in
dicating support of Soviet or West
; srn policies.
1 The 86.2 per cent figure of eligi
ble voters who cast ballots was
doubly significant. Even if all non
voters were Communists—which is
not likely—they could not have
polled more than 13.8 per cent of
the total. In 1946 the Communists
polled 19 per cent of the vote.
Vote Forbidden by Reds.
The Soviet military' command had
forbidden the election in its sector
of Berlin. The Russians set up a
; “rump’’ Communist government of
| their section in the city last week.
German Communists had re
fused to be on the ballot and threat
| (See ELECTION. Page" A-3.)
Electric Workers Quit
Plants in East Berlin
By tht Associated Press
BERLIN, Dec. 6.—Two thousand
Berlin electric workers decided to-1
night they won’t work any more in j
the Soviet sector of the city because j
Communist police there spy on them
and moiest them.
The workers, employes in the
main office of Bewag, the German
power company which supplies elec
tricity to this divided, blockaded
city, took a vote at the close of
business today. Through a spokes
man, they announced they would
report tomorrow' to branch offices in
Western Berlin.
The decision was reached after
Communist police ignored a work
ers’ ultimatum to quit the Bewag
premises in the Soviet sector by
There was no immediate hint as
to how the power supply in the
Russian sector w'ould be affected by
the w'alkout.
Bewag supplies all Berlin with
electric power from two plants in
the Soviet sector and three in West
ern Berlin.
! -
War on Red Guerrillas
In Greece Bogs Down,
Truman Report Says
'Conspicuous Success'
Seen Earlier Is Modified;
Turkish Progress Made
By the Associated Press
President Truman said today
the drive to crush Greece’s Com
munist-backed guerrillas has
bogged down.
He told Congress the American
advised Greek Army itself was part
ly to blame for failing to make a
"determined effort” against the re
maining rebels after a series of
victories last summer.
As a result, Mr. Truman said,
Greek morale has sagged and an
earlier “encouraging prospect” for
eliminating the guerrillas failed to
materialize despite the delivery of
! more than $170,000,000 worth of
American arms and supplies.
"A military stalemate has ensued
which has prolonged the struggle,”
i the president said in a letter trans
mitting a new report to Congress
on the two-year, $625,000,000 Greek
Turkish aid program.
Sees Progress in Turkey.
In Turkey, by contrast, the re
port declared that American aid is
showing definite results. It said
"significant progress” has been
made toward increasing the fire
power and efficiency of the Turkish
AVmy to enable it to continue to
resist Communist pressures, and
"The Turkish people have taken
advantage of their opportunity. Tur- j
key is today working hard to de
rive maximum benefit from United
States supplies and training.”
The report covered operations of
the two air programs through the
three months ended September 30.
Its sober references to the situa-;
tion in Greece contrasted with Mr.
Truman's statement in the preced
ing quarterly report that the
Greek aid enterprise was a "con
spicuous success."
Guerrillas Gain In Force.
The latest report estimated some
22.000 guerrillas were still trying to
"spread ruin and demoralization in
an attempt to prepare the way for
ultimate Communist domination of
The number was put at around
15.000 when Congress voted the first
aid funds 18 months ago.
Today’s report forecast rejection
of an Athens plea for American sup
port of a plan to expand the Greek
Army. There w'as no direct reference
to the proposal—reported to call for
hiking the present authorized
strength of 168,500 to possibly 250,
000—but the report said:
"So far as number of troops, sup
plies aftd equipment are concerned,
United States authorities are con
fident that the Greek Army, Navy
and air forces possess the capability
of restoring internal security in
Greece in the face of a guerrilla
movement of the present propor
Of last Summer’s offensive against
(See GREEK-TURKISH, Page A-6.)
Italian Air Crash Kills Five
MILAN, Italy, Dec. 6 UP).—A plane
of the Italian Airlines, en route to
Brussels, crashed and burned at
Porlania Airport, near here, today
just after taking off, killing the
crew of four Italians and one Ger
man passenger.
Auto Victim's Widow, 73, Killed
ByStreetcar on Her Way to Mass
An elderly Washington widow,
was killed instantly today when;
struck by a streetcar while on her
way to early morning mass.
' Police said Mrs. Annie W. O'Con
nell. 73, of 1207 Decatur street N.W.,
mother of 11 children, was struck at
Georgia avenue and Decatur street
N.W. She was on her way to the
Church of the Nativity, Georgia
avenue and Peabody street N.W.
Mrs. O’Connell’s husband, David
J. O’Connell, died 11 years ago this
month, after being struck by an
automobile at M street and New
Hampshire avenue N.W. He was in
business here for many years and at
one time operated a liquor store on
Pennsylvania avenue N.W.
Operator of the streetcar, police
said, was Walter T. Weaver, 62, of
2 Sycamore road, Takoma Park, Md.
The Rev. John B. Koeaer oi &t.
Gabriel's, was called to the scene of
the accident and administered the
last rites of the Catholic church.
Mrs. O’Connell was a member of
St. Gabriel's parish, 26 Grant Circle
N.W., but attended mass every
morning at the Church of the Na
tivity because transportation was
more convenient. Her family said
she hadn’t missed daily mass in
years. She was a member of the
Sodality at St. Gabriel’s.
Mrs. O'Connell had lived in Wash
ington about 35 years. She was born
near Staunton, Va:
Mrs. O’Connell’s death is the 64th
traffic fatality of the year as com
pared to 67 this time last year.
She is the 50th pedestrian fatality
against 46 pedestrian deaths to,
date in 1947.
Furniture Moved
To Make Way for
White House Job
(Picture on Page A-5.)
Today was moving day at the
White House,
Preparing for reconstruction of
the second floor, workmen began
stripping the Executiye Mansion of
its furniture, which will be stored
in the National Gallary of Art.
Earlier, all the Pictures had been
removed to the gallery.
The Trumans’ personal effects
i have gone to the Blair House where
I the presidential family will live for
the year or so required for the con
struction work.
Operations on the building itself
: will get underway as soon after the1
first of the year as the necessary j
! appropriations can be approved by
Mrs. Truman, who had dropped
by the White House to collect some
more personal belongings, watched
the moving for a few moment* and
commented wryly, “This is a mess.”
Detectives Hunt Clues
To Missing li Hours
In Dead Clothier's Life
Billfold Can't Be Found,
Robbery Not Precluded;
Piece of Lumber Studied
Detectives searched today for
a missing page in Charles
Scheer’s life—the 165 minutes
during which an assailant may
have inflicted a fatal wound on
the merchant in his little cloth
ing store at 1100 North Capitol
Mr. Scheer died Saturday in
George Washington University Hos
pital of a skull fracture and brain
laceration which Coroner A. Ma
gruder MacDonald and other doc
tors believe he had not received in
a fall.
Last Monday evening the 48-year
old merchant became ill, but re
mained at this store for more than
five hours before going to the hos
pital. There examination revealed
the head injury and Mr. Scheer,
lapsing into unconsciousness, died
despite an operation.
If a robber invaded the store and
struck Mr. Scheer, the merchant was
never able to tell of it. Doctors said
it was not unusual for a person
suffering from such a blow to act
normally for minutes, hours or even
days thereafter, without remember
ing the act.
Billfold Is Missing.
Although the store was not rifled,
police were not precluding a robbery
motive. They revealed that Mr.
Scheer's billfold, contents unknown,
was missing from his person.
Homicide detectives also studied
a 30-inch piece of 2x4 lumber found
near the store, at a spot they would
not specify. They said such an
article might have been used to as
sault Mr. Scheer.
Dr. MacDonald, who prepared to
swear in a coroner's jury over the
body today, said the lethal blow!
fell along the right side of the skull I
in such a position that it was pos
sible Mr. Scheer never saw his as
Detective Sergt. Richard J. Pelber.
I investigaitng the case with Sergt.
Harold C. Hoffman, told of tracing
Mr. Scheer's activities of last Mon
Talked to Wife at 1:45 P.M.
Mr. Scheer unquestionably was
unharmed up to 1:45 p. m., when he
talked to his wife, Edith, by tele
phone. But then there is a gap,
until 4:30 p. m.—or 165 minutes—
when Bernard James, 14, of 1108
Half street court N. W„ a newsboy,
found Mr. Scheer ill in the front of
tli6 store.
The clothier told the boy he would,
be all right, but Bernard returned
twice, the second time at 5:35 p. m„!
and found him still complaining, j
A bit later John Griffith, 51, of 57
New York avenue N.W., a carpenter,
visited the store. An old friend, Mr.
Griffith was concerned when Mr.
Scheer said he had an upset stom
ach and a headache. He remem
bered Mr." Scheer had been under
treatment for a stomach ailment for
several years. He sought to comfort
his friend with two aspirin tablets.
Perry Harris, 43, of 1206 O street
N.E., cashed a $29 check at the store
(See SCHEER, Page A-6J
Hearings Start Today
On Business Profits;
O'Mahoney Cites 1929
Increased Taxes Then
Would Have Cushioned
Crash, Senator Thinks
By the Associated Press
A Senate-House Economic Sub
committee is scheduled to begin
public hearings this afternoon on
business profits.
Senator Flanders, Republican, of
Vermont, who will preside at the
hearings, said they will provide a
background in the next Congress
for a wide variety of legislative pro
posals. These will include higher;
taxes. Government price and ra-;
tioning controls, housing and labor
management relations,
j Industrialists, leaders of major
! labor unions, accountants and eco
nomists have been invited to give
i their views about what, if anything,
| Congress should do about profits
Vhich are estimated at a record
j $20,000,000,000 for this year.
Harvard Men Scheduled^
Two Harvard University econo
mists, Sumner H. Slichter and Sey
mour Harris, are scheduled as to
day's witness.
Meanwhile, Senator O'Mahoney,
Democrat, of Wyoming, a mem-1
ber of the committee, cited the
1929 financial crash as an argu
ment for boosting taxes on busi
ness profits.
Corporation earnings now are pil
ing up at about the same rate as in
1929, although the companies are
bigger, so the earnings are greater
than ever before, Senator O'Ma
honey said.
"The conclusion we are asked to
draw from this is that these profits
should not be taxed,” the Senator
told a reporter. "My conclusion is,
on the contrary, that if the cor
porate profits of 1929 had been
adequately taxed, this Government
would have been in a much better
fiscal position than it was to meet
the depression.”
Would Levy on Excess Now.
The Wyoming Senator also is one;
of the leading Congressional sup
porters of President Truman's twice
rejected plea to reimpose a modified
form of the wartime excess profits
tax to boost Government revenue
and try to curb inflation.
Senator O'Hahoney said earnings
of the 100 largest corporations are
nearly double the incomes of the
same business units in 1945.
He proposes that “little business”
or small independent corporations
be given special exemptions under
any profits tax plan. This might
be to exempt the first $50,000 or
$100,000 of profits.
The Government will need many
billions to carry on its foreign aid
and recovery programs as well as to
expand national defense in the next
few years, Senator O’Mahoney said.
“We should not risk deficit
financing of the peace,” he added,,
“because to do so will play right
into the hands of the Communists.”
U. S. Bermuda Base Ruled
Under Wage-Hour Law
By th« Associated Press
The Supreme Court today ruled,
5-4, that a defense base in Ber
muda leased to the United States
by the British Government may be
considered a “possession” of this
country, within the meaning of the
Federal wage-hour law.
. The ruling means the 40-hour
week and other provisions of the
wage-hour law apply to work done
at the base. It was given in a suit
involving overtime pay claims by
11 workmen who were employed by
American concerns during wartime
construction of the base known as
Fort Bell and Kindley Field in Ber
Justice Reed write the court’s ma
jority opinion. Justice Jackson
wrote a dissent in which Chief Jus
tice Vinson and Justices Frankfur
ter and Burton joined.
The workmen sued the Vermilya
Brown Co., Inc.; Necaro Co., Inc.,
and the Arthur A. Johnson Corp.,
doing business as Bermuda base
contractors. The Wage-Hour Act
says its coverage includes "any ter
ritory or possession” of the United
2 Doomed Japs
Win Hearing by
Supreme Court
High Tribunal Votes
5-4 to Study Appeal
In War Crimes Case
By the Associated Press
The Supreme Court by a 5-4
vote today granted a hearing to
two Japanese wartime officials
convicted as war criminals and
sentenced to be hanged.
The court’s action was made
known in an opinion by Justice
Jackson. He said he had agreed
with Justices Black, Douglas, Mur
phy and Rutledge that the two
Japanese should have a high court
That meant a contrary view was
held by Chief Justice Vinson and
Justices Reed, Frankfurter and
The appeals were filed on behalf
of Gen. Kenji Doihara and Kokl
Hirota, former Premier of Japan.
In addition to the appeals by Ger
mans, the court had rejected appeals
from two other Japanese war leaders
sentenced to death—Gen. Masaharu
Homma, who ordered the infamous
Bataan “death march.” and Gen.
Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanse com
mander in the closing days of the
Philippines campaign. They were
The appeals challenged legality of
trials conducted by the international
military tribunal at Tokyo.
Extensions Deferred.
After the appeals were filed here
last Monday. Gen. MacArthur an
nounced that' execution of the
sentences given Doihara and Hirota
and of five other condemned Japa
nese warmakers would be deferred
pending Supreme Court action.
None of the five others filed appeals.
Among them is wartime Premier
Hideki Tojo.
Gen. MacArthur previously con
firmed the sentences of death on
the gallows given by ^ the military
tribunal to the top sewn war crim
inals. He also confirmed prison
sentences given 18 others, all but
two of which were life sentences.
Doihara was a Japanese under
cover expert in China and Man
churia. Chinese called him “tha
bird of evil omen.” Hirota was &
career man who attended a pre
Pearl Harbor conference of former
premiers at which war plans were
made. :
Jackson's Vote Decides,
i The Supreme Court appeals were
| filed by Attorney William Logan.
! jr„ of New York and Davis P. Smith
; of this city.
j Justice Jackson said he had re
' frained from participating in earlier
similar appeals filed by Germans
convicted in the war trials. He said
that he did this to avoid embarrass
ment for the United States since he
had served as chief United States
prosecutor at the trials of the top
He said that in the case of the
j two Japanese the court split. 4-4, so
j that he had the deciding vote.
5 of 7 Jap War Leaders
Doomed by Single Vote
TOKYO. Dec. 6 .The death
penalty for five of the seven Jap
anese war lords sentenced to hang
was approved by a six-to-five vote
of the International Military Tribu
nal, reliable sources said today.
War Premier Hideki Tojo and
Gen. Heitaro Kimura, once Tojo’s
vice minister, were given the death
penalty by a vote of seven to four,
the informants said.
All seven prisoners have received
stays of execution pending an ap
peal by ex-Premier Koki Hirota
and Gen. Kenji Doihara to tha
United States Supreme Court. Also
sentenced to the gallows were Gens.
Seishiro Itagaki, Iwane Matsui and
Akira Muto.
The sources said Sir William
Webb, president of the 11-member
war crimes tribunal, and Maj. Gen.
I. M. Zaryanov of Russia refused to
vote for death on grounds their own
courts do not inflict such a penalty.
Others said to have joined in vot
ing against execution in five casea
were Justices R. B. Pal of India,
Victor A. Roling of the Netherlands
and Henri Bernard of France.
All 11 judges except Mr. Pal signed
the majority judgment.
Bevin, Back From Vacation,
Confers With Hoffman
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 6.—Foreign Secre
tary Ernest Bevin returned to his
desk today after a month’s vacation.
He has a full calendar of confer
ences and is to review international
t affairs in the House of Commons
later in the week.
ECA Administrator Paul Hoffman
and his aides, here primarily to dis
cuss a slowdown in dismantling
Ruhr industries, called on Mr. Bevin
shortly after the Foreign Secretary
skimmed through a report on yes
terday’s Berlin election.
Late News
Hamilton Takes Pitt Post
PITTSBURGH (A*). — Capt.
Thomas Hamilton, director of
athletics at the Naval Academy
at Annapolis, today accepted a
similar position at the Univer
sity of Pittsburgh. Pitt officials
said he will report here Feb
ruary 1.
(Earlier Story on Page A-14.)
Court Overrules Folsom
The Supreme Court today
refused to order Alabama’s
presidential electors to cast
their ballots for President Tru
man, rejecting requests by Gov.
James E. Folsom of Alabama
> and three State voters.

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