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Increasing cloudiness today and tonight fol lowed by occasional light rain late tonight and tomorrow morning. Highest today about 56, lowest near 42. (Full report on Page A-2.) Midnight - 40 6 ajn_35 11 a.m-48 „ 2 ajn_37 8 a.m_34 Noon-52 j 4 a.m_34 10 a.m-43 1 p.m-55 J Lote New York Morkets, Page A-23. Guide for Readers Page. After Dark.A-16 Amusements-A-19 Comics -B-18-19 Editorial .-A-It Editorial Articles A-13 Finance _A-23 Page. Lost and Found A-3 ! Obituary .A-14 Radio ..B-19 Society, Clubs - B-3 Sports_A-20 21 Womans Page..A-18 A_ An Associated Press Newspaper 96th Year. No. 342. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 7, . 1948—FORTY-FOUR PAGES. City Home Delivery. Daily and Sunday. $1.20 a Month. When 5 ET Sunday*. $1.30. Nifht Pinal Edition. $1.30 and $1.40 per Month vJLii 1 O Chiang's Aides Admit 110,000 Are Encircled Three Army Groups Trapped by Reds During March From Suchow By the Associated Press NANKING. China. Dec. 7.— Government sources admitted today that Communist armies have encircled 110.000 National ist combat troops on the Central China front southwest of Su chow. These sources said the three trapped army groups have been compressed on a front eight miles long and five miles in depth. They were trapped by the Communists as they marched south from Suchow to rescue other encircled government forces. Eight or nine Red columns, com manded by Gen. Chen Yi, were said to have completed the encirclement of this former Suchow garrison. The trap was sprung about 50 miles southwest of their former base. Civil Officials Evacuated. Civil officials, evacuated from Su chow with the troops, were reported hampering operations of the encir cled armies (The government sources' con firmation of Communist reports came shortly after Nationalist forces announced they had aban doned two towns on the northern front to Reds marching toward Peiping.! The bulk of Gen. Chen's forces were reported concentrated south of the government pocket to prevent an attempted breakthrough in an effort to contact the encircled 12th Army Group. Last night the Communist radio claimed 20.000 casualties already have been inflicted on the 2d, 13th and 16th Army Groups caught in •‘airtight encirclement." Another Coirupunist broadcast said National ist troops attempting to march south were "stampeded" when they came under attack. A Nationalist military press spokesman described the reported Communist encirclement as “not probable." He said he had "not re ceived such reports." Government communiques are usually late in re porting reverses. Col. Chiang Wei-kuo, half-Jap anese adopted son of President Chiang Kai-shek, was believed with the entrapped troops. Nanking Defense Built Up. With the four major army groups defending East China encircled and facing possible destruction, military circles in Nanking were giving re newed attention to defenses along the Hwai River and the lightly held Yangtze River. The rivers are the final barrier to Communist as sault on Nanking. Foreign military observers say the government must decide whether to concentrate its forces along the Hwai River or reinforce the forti fied north bank of the Yangtze. The official Central News Agency confirmed the suicide of Gen. Huang Po-tao, late commander of the 7th Army Group. Communists virtually destroyed the group in a 10-day battle on the east flank of Suchow last month. Reds Drive Down Line From Jehol Toward Peiping PEIPING. China, Dec. 7 i/P).— Northern Communist armies drove down the railway from Jehol to ward Peiping today. But Peiping itself was not particularly excited about it. Government forces abandoned two towns within 40 miles of Pei ping in the face of the Red march. Most Peiping residents were of the opinion that the Communist armies were not headed for the city itself They thought the Red aim was to divert the main forces of Nationalist commander. Gen. Fu Tso-yi, from other area§ to garri son Peiping. At present Peiping is only lightly defended. Gen. Fu's headquarters admitted Nationalist troops withdrew from Miyun on the Peiping-Jehol railroad 40 miles northeast of Peiping. They got out after fighting the Com munists for several days. His headquarters also announced they quit Huaijou. only 30 miles northeast of Peiping, without a fight. 50,000 Food Workers On Strike in Rome ly the Associated Press ROME. Dec. 7.—Fifty thousand millers, macaroni makers and rice workers struck for more pay today, imperiling supplies of Italy's basic foods. Stocks of bread, rice and ‘ pasta" w’ill last for a few days, but the aver age Italian faced short rations unless the nationwide strike is settled quickly. Blanket 15 Pet. Rent Increase Turned Down By the Associated Press A blanket 15 per cent increase In rent ceilings has been sug gested to top administration officials and turned down, it was learned today. An official in a position to know, but who asked not to be quoted by name, said the idea came up last week at a meeting of Government officials, but 'was rejected by John R. Steelman, assistant to the Presi dent. Tighe Woods, the housing expe diter, also was reported to be op posed. This Informant did not say who sponsored the suggestion. However, Dr. Edwin G. Nourse, chairman of the President's Coun cil of Economic Advisers, told a re porter that published reports tha* the proposal came from an econo mist on the country's staff were "completely scrambled.” Marshall Has Kidney Operation At Walter Reed ;ConditionGood Surgery Was Delayed From Last June Due To U. N. Session Secretary of State Marshall underwent a “successful” kidney operation at Walter Reed Hos pital this morning, the hospital announced. A bulletin issued at 10:30 a.m. by Col. J. U. Weaverlljommanding of ficer of the Army Medical Center, said: “Gen. Marshall had a kidney op eration at 8 a.m. this morning. "The operation was successful and 'Gen. Marshall's condition is excel lent. “No complications are expected." j Neither the State Department nor I hospital authorities would explain the nature of the surgery, nor its seriousness. But from sources outside Gen. Marshall's official circle it was learned the surgeon removed a kid ney. the Associated Press reported* This meant that President Tru man’s chief adviser in international affairs would be away from his desk for several weeks, at least. In the absence of complfcations. such oper ations usually require a eonva ; lescence of three to five weeks. The operation was performed by Col. James C. Kimbrough. The hospital said it would issue periodic SECRETARY MARSHALL. bulletins on the Secretary’s condi tion. since Gen. Marshall had au thorized them beforehand. With typical thoroughness, the general had laid down exactly the arrangements for handling news of the operation. Under this, the State Department could give no informa tion except that it had been per formed. All condition reports had to come from the hospital. The State Department, in an nouncing earlier that Gen. Marshall had undergone the operation, said that suregons had wanted to operate ~ (See MARSHALL?Page A-4 > “ Reuter, Foe of Reds, Becomes Lord Mayor Of Divided Berlin 800 Who Quit Communist Power Office Go to Work in West Sector By the Associated Press BERLIN, Dec. 7. —Socialist Ernst Reuter, an outspoken foe of communism, became Lord Mayor of blockaded and sun dered Berlin today. The newly elected City Assembly chose him unanimously to finish the present mayoral term, in expecta tion that he would be continued in office when the Assembly meets in January. The Russians, who have a rump Communist government in their occupation sector of Berlin, do not recognize Mr. Reuter. His sway is ; over the ,hree Western zones of about half tne area of Berlin and more than 2,000,000 people. Mr. Reuter led the Social Demo cratic Party to a. smashing victory in the Western sector city elections last Sunday. The Russians for bade the election in their sector and Communists boycotted the ballot ing. The new Mayor will replace acting Mayor Louise Schroeder, also a Socialist, who reverts to Deputy Mayor. A Russian veto prevented Mr. Reuter, a reformed Communist, from taking'office last year. Administrative Staff Split. The East-West conflict split the administrative staff of the city's power company. Eight hundred employes of the company. Bewag, angry at Com munist police interference in their affairs, reported Jor duty at a new office in Western Berlin instead of at headquarters in the Soviet sector. Four hundred employes whose homes are in the Russian-occupied area stayed on at the old head quarters by agreement with those jyho left. It was Said the 400 would “risk Communist reprisals if they joined the protest. Reds Denounce Election. In both Berlin and Moscow the Russians denounced the election, w-hich Communists boycotted, with the declaration that the rump regime they recently seated in the Soviet sector was the legal govern ment for all Berlin. Col. Alexander Jelisarov, acting ! Soviet commandant .of Berlin, said in a statement issued by the Soviet licensed ADN news agency that threats from German and “neo German'’ (Allied) officials and Al lied military demonstrations had prevented the Germans from ex pressing their free wiN. Tile Moscow radio declared “the | great mass of the population” is ! behind the Communist regime. The Sunday election was “care fully rehearsed and played accord ing to the script prepared by West ern power occupation authorities,” Commentator Boris Isavoc said in an English-language broadcast. Power May Be Split. | The breakup of the Bewag ad ministrative staff foreshadowed a I possible final division of the power j company, which has two power I plants in the Russian sector and ! three in the Western sectors. No- definite indication has yet been given whether Western-domi ciled technicians working in East ern plants wili follow the office i workers in the split, i Eastern Berlin enjoys a rationed | but adequate supply of electric cur jrent since its plants draw on soft coal stocks near at hand in the | Soviet occupation zone. The electric supply of Western Berlin, because of the Soviet land blockade, is rationed sharply. Cur rent is cut off completely 20 hours a ■day. Every ton of coal used by the [Western plants is moved by the British and American airlift. 1.000 Germans Flee Reds Daily, Gen. Clay Says By the Associated Press BERLIN, Dec. 7.—Gen. Lucius D. Clay, American military governor, I said an average of 1,000 Germans are fleeing Russian rule every day and slipping into the Western zones, t Gen. Clay did not say how long I the traffic had been going on but | that it Is running from 28,000 to 30.000 a month. He gave no further details./ This indicated, however, that, the exodus dates back at least to October. Trumans to Receive Mme. Chiang Friday At Blair House Tea Social Nature of Visit Emphasized by Ross in Making Announcement By Garnett D. Horner President and Mrs. Truman will receive Mme. Chiang Kai shek at tea in the Blair House Friday afternoon, the White House announced today. There was no indication that any more business-type meeting is being arranged between Mr. Truman and the wife of China's President, who flew here last week to reinforce ap peals of her husband's hard-pressed government for new American aid in its fight against Chinese Com munists. Mme. Chiang has been staying here at the Leesburg (Va.i home of Secretary of State and Mrs. Mar shall but has had no opportunity to confer with Gen. Marshall ex cept for two visits to him last week in Walter Reed Hospital, where he underwent a kidney operation today. Truman Planned Meeting. Mr. Truman told reporters at his news conference last Thursday tnat he would receive Mme. Chiang while she was here, but refused to dis close any details of the arrange ments for the meeting at that time. Charles G. Ross, the President's press secretary, made this an nouncement today: "President and Mrs. Truman will have as guests at tea at 5 p.m. Friday Mme. Chiang Kai-shek and Mrs. George C. Marshall." He said the tea will be given at the Blair House, where the Presi dent and his family are living while the White House living quar ters undergo extensive repairs. Emphasizing the social nature of the affair, Mr. Ross said there would be no other guests present '•See MME. CHIANIGT Page A-4.) -» Csornoky, Hungarian Ex-Envoy, Executed By the Associated Press LONDON, Dec. 7.—Victor Csor noky, son-in-law of former Hun garian President Zoltan Tildy, was executed by the Hungarians today for treason, the Yugoslav news agency Tanjug reported in a dis patch from Budapest. Mr. Csornoky, 29, formerly was Hungary's envoy to Egypt. He once was stationed in Washington. A people’s court sentenced him November 15 to be hanged, holding that he had engaged in “traitorous activities" with American and Brit ish agents. He also was convicted on charges of crimes against the people and black market currency dealings. The Hungarian Supreme Court af firmed the death sentence yesterday. One of the charges against Mr. Csor noky was that he tried, with Ameri can help, to spirit Mr. (Tildy out of Hungary. Mr. Tildy resigned August 2, soon after Mr. Csornoky's arrest. Dulles Requests U. N. Protection For South Korea U. S. Cites Threats of Terror and Viotence By Northern Regime By the Associated Press PARIS, Dec. 7.—The United States today asked United Na tions protection for the republic of Korea against threats of vio lence and terror from Commu nist-dominated North Korea. John Poster Dulles, acting chair man of the American delegation, told the Political Committee U. N. members should show "solidarity with the newly formed but already threatened government of the Re public of Korea.” Mr. Dulles, first speaker in the long-delayed Korean debate, also blasted Russia, Poland and Czecho slovakia for giving recognition to the regime of North Korea. Russian delegates already have served indirect notice that they will do thgjr utmost to bar Assembly ac tion on Korea in the five working days left here. Reds’ Threat Cited. Mr. Dulles declared the Communist regime in North Korea asserts pre tentions to govern the entire coun try and threatens to back those pre tentions with force and violence. "Already it has incited acts of ter rorism and cruelty that shock all | decent people," he said. “Yet that regime, born in obscurity, in defi ance of the United Nations has been recognized by three member states: The Soviet Union, Czecho slovakia and Poland, and is, it seems, supported morally and ma terially by the forces in North Korea of the Soviet Union.” The Korean case came up yester day, but the entire day was spent in an unsuccessful .Soviet attempt to ‘get the committee to invite repre sentatives of North Korea to the debate. The committee did invite representatives of the republic of Korea to take part. Mr. Dulles said the U. N. should approve the government of the re public, which was set up under auspices of the U. N. Korean Com mission. He urged the committee to approve the joint American-Aus tralian-Chinese resolution backing the republic. Withdrawal Is Urged. Dr. Dulles called on the U. N. to continue a commission to help the new government end the wartime military occupation. "There ought to be an observed withdrawal of occupation forces from ail Korea as soon as practical.” he said. "And that withdrawal should be a reality .so complete and thor ough that in fact the Korean people are truly masters in their own home and not ruled or terrorized by ele ments that take their orders from without.” Mr. Dulles did not mention a date for withdrawal of troops. The Rus sians have announced they are tak ing their troops out of the northern zone by next January 1. Korea now is divided along the 38th parallel. The Soviet occupation zone is in the north and the Amer ican zone in the south. Mr. Dulles said the United States believes the U. N. commission could help the Korean people reunite. Using Greece as an example, he said Communist elements seek to impose their will. He added there is danger that these efforts will be supported by neighboring Commu nist regimes. Show of Solidarity Asked. The presence of a U. N. commis sion will deter organized violence. Mr. Dulles said. He closed with a plea for the non Communist governments in the U. N. to show through the world body a moral solidarity with those sub jected to threats of violence. “ft may be that the greatest serv ice the U. N. can render is to be an instrumentality for demonstrating that whenever these methods are used or threatened internationally, the rest of the world community closes ranks to prevent the success of these methods by whatever peace tul means are available, either to the U N as an organization or to mem ber states acting pursuant to the charter," Mr. Dulles said. "If that happens, then it may be learned that the use of force, coer cion, terrorism and violence to achieve international objectives has consequences such that those meth ods cease to be expedient. “That, in turn, may lead all the member nations to respect their | charter undertaking to refrain in : their international relations from I the threat or use of force. Therein jlies in my opinion the greatest hope of peace.” Errol Flynn, Accused of Kicking Policeman, Missing From Court <Picture on Page A-3.J By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Dec. 7. —A bench warrant for the arrest of Errol Flynn was issued in Magistrate’s Court today after the screen actor failed to apear on a charge of kick ing a policeman in the shin. An expert boxer and fencer, the 38-year-old actor allegedly gave the boot to one of New York’s Finest after one of those cloudy disputes that sometimes befall gentlemen in taxis after midnight. Flynn, released in $500 bail sup plied by a night club proprietor, hollered it was a ’’frameup.” This was the police version of the incident: Flynn and a companion, who identified himself as Robert Gra ham Wahn, 38, a movie publicity writer, were riding in 4 taxi which was stopped by a police patrol car. The police — Patrolmen Joseph Bergeles and Joseph Gardner — thought the 22-year-old driver had an unusually youthful appearance. When the driver got out to show his credentials Wahn leaped out and allegedly used abusive language. Flynn, a man of hair-trigger tem perament, sat quietly in the cab. Then every one was taken to a police station. There, with one word leading to another, Policeman Bergeles charged that Flynn kicked him in the shin I as the policeman walked behind him. Flynn and Wahn were removed to another station which has cells. Flynn was charged with third-de gree assault, Wahn with disorderly conduct. John Perona. operator of the El Morocco Night Club, appeared with bail money after receiving a franctic call from Flynn's wife Nora, who was not in the taxi. Mr. Perona said he didn't believe it at first because the Flynns are always gagging.” Mr. Perona prevailed on Flynn to post bail, although the actor indi cated he’d rather languish in jail. It was the principle of the thing, he indicated. Wahn also was released in $500 bail. Last remark of Flynn as he left) (See FLYNN. Page A-3.< \ V* Another Successful Airlift Mac Arthur Spares To jo, Others Pending High Court Decision Roscoe Pound Says Case Is Being Settled Before Hearing Opens By the Associated Press TOKYO. Dec. 7.—Gen. Mac Arthur reiterated today that former Premier Hideki Tojo and six other condemned Japanese war lords will live until the United States Supreme Court acts on appeals before it. • That gave Japan’s top war lead-1 ers at least nine more days of life. The American court set December 16 to hear appeals submitted by two • men in the death house and five others sentenced to prison terms. : The supreme commander told the ; Associated Press his original No vember 30 statement covered the situation today. His- original com ment was that the condemned war criminals would "certainly not” be executed while action was pending on their petitions. While Gen. MacArthur answered the question about the immediate fate of the war criminals, he refused i See MacARTHUR, Page A-4.) Tribunal Not to Pass On Guilt or Innocence Of Jap War Leaders By the Associated Press A dramatically broken Su preme Court tie gave seven for mer Japanese war lords a new lease on life today—the seventh anniversary of Pearl Harbor. Splitting. 5 to 4. the tribunal agreed yesterday to consider wheth er it can pass on the findings of the international court 'n Tokyo which doomed the men to hang as war criminals. Justice Jackson, who took leave from the bench in 1945 to prosecute Nazi Germany's war criminals, cast the deciding vote because, he said, "the issues here are, truly great ones.” "Their decision will establish or deny,’ he declared, "that this court has power to review exercise of mili tary power abroad and the Presi dents conduct of external affairs of our Government.” _In earlier appeals to the tribunal ! <See War CRIMES, Page A-4.) 33 Survivors of C-54 f Rescued by Carrier After 40-Hour Search Four of 37 Aboard Given ! Up for Dead; Men Found On Two Life Rafts C-54 NOT DITCHED, ran out of altitude, pilot says. Page A-2 • y thi Auociot»d Pr»j« HONOLULU, Dec. 7.—A Navy' aircraft carrier last night res cued 33 exhausted survivors of j a mid-Pacific plane crash, end ing a dramatic 40-hour air-sea search. The Air Force men were picked up in shark-infested waters from two overcrowded life rafts. Four others were given up as dead. Today the Navy issued a list of the 33 men picked up by the escort carrier Rendova in rolling seas. It did not include the names of these four men. previously listed as among the 37 passengers on the ill-fated Air Force C-54 transport: Sergt. James A. Mitchell of Fort Wright, Wash. S Sergt. William A. Colvin, jr„ Cross City. Fla. Sergt. Robert C. Harrell, Mil ledgeville, Ga. I Sergt. Charles T. Millapaugh, Port Jervis, N. Y! Survivors Are Exhausted. The survivors were all in an ad vanced state of exhaustion from 40 hours on or clinging to the life rafts. Two were unconscious and had to be hoisted aboard the carrier in a boat. Almost all the others had to be Helped aboard the Rendova. All 33 were crammed on or around two life rafts, each built to accom modate only seven men. Those two rafts were all they could find and inflate after the [ iplane "ran out of oil and altitude"' “I Sec RESCUE. Page A-4.T~ Truman Seeks 16 Million For Palestine Refugees By th« Associated Press The White House announced to day that President Truman will ask Congress for up to $16,000,000 for aid to Palestine refugees. It said that such an appropria tion would be this country’s share under an aid resolution adopted by yie United Nations General Assem bly November 19. The White House said Mr. Tru man "will recommend to Congress that the United States contribute 50 per cent of the amount provided for in this resolution, tut in no case more than a total of $16,000,000 as the share of the United States.’’ The U. N. resolution contemplated that approximately $29,500,000 will be required to provide relief for 500,000 refugees for the nine months from December 1, 1948, to August 31, 1949. The resolution also had in mind an additional amount of approxi mately $2,500,000 for administrative costs. I U. S. Workers Barred From Active Part in Charter Campaign Hatch Act Restrictions Applied in Montgomery County Council Vote Federal employes may not campaign for, nor may they run as candidates for the new Mont gomery County Council, the Civil Service Commission ruled today.! The ruling was made at the re quest of Gerald D. Morgan, chair man of the Legal Committee of the County Charter Committee. "Federal employes, as individuals.: may sign the nominating petitions to have candidates' names placed on the ballot in the January 6. 1949, Montgomery County election," the commission ruled. "However, they , cannot initiate, circulate, solicit sig natures or be otherwise involved in the nominating petitions. Federal employes are prohibited by the political activity restrictions of section 9 < a > of the Hatch Act and of the civil service rules from becoming candidates for the office of county councilman in Mont gomery County.” Supported by Parties. One of the main reasons why ] Government workers are barred is j the fact that the Democratic! Party in the county has indorsed I some of the candidates—those pro-; posed by the Charter Committee, the commission said. The Republican Party also has said it would support the Charter Committee slate. Also given as a reason for the ruling is the Maryland law which forbids wholly nonpartisan elections at the county government level. This is known as the Lindsay law and was enacted at a recent session, of the General Assembly. In addition, the commission noted that candidates may, if they desire, rsee~CHARTERTPage~A-4.» New Postal Rate Boost On All But First-Class Mail to Be Sought Postmaster General Sees Record $550,000,000 Deficit for Department By the Associated Press Postmaster General Donaldson said today he will ask the new Congress to increase rates on all mail except first class. Mr. Donaldson told newsmen that higher rates "will have to come on all low-revenue-producing mail.” The increases will be in addition to boosts on third and fourth class mail and airmail, which are sched uled to go into effect January 1. Mr. Donaldson talked with report ers at the White House after con - j ferring with President Truman, but said he had not discussed the matter with Mr. Truman. He said the President is "not ac quainted with the situation, but he will be.” Record Deficit Predicted. In reply to a question. Mr. Donald j son said he would ask Congress to increase rates after clearing the •matter through the White House and the Budget Bureau. He said increases will be asked for second-class mail, newspapers and magazines: third class, circulars and j advertising; fourth class, parcel post, and special services, such as money orders. The Postmaster General told re porters the Post Office Department will have an all-time record deficit [ of $550,000,000 at the close of this: fiscal year, next June 30. He said that compares with a defi cit of $310,000,000 for the fiscal year which ended last June 30. Mr. Donaldson estimated the sec ond class mail deficits for this year at $207,000,000, third class $129,000,-' 000. and fourth class at $85,000,000. Pay Increases Must Be Met. The Postmaster General noted that increases to provide additional revenue of $110,000,000 have been approved by Congress and will be come effective January 1 on third and fourth class mgil. But he said that pay increases for postal workers and higher transpor tation costs will more than offset that additional income. Mr. Donaldson was asked whether the contemplated higher rates for second-class mail—newspapers and magazines—would put that class of mail on a paying basis. He replied that the increases would not—that there still would be "some subsidy.” Mr. Donaldson said there is no need for an increase for first-class mail rates because it "is paying its way.” New Air Mail Stamp Due. Mr. Donaldson announced yester day the new 6-cent airmail stamp .will have its first-day sale here January 18. The 6-cent stamp, in red, will duplicate in design the present 5 cent denomination, the only change being the higher numeral. The reason the new stamp won’t go on sale for 18 days after the increased air postal rate goes into effect, is this, Robert E. Sellers, su perintendent of stamps, explained: “We have a lot of 6-cent airmail stamps already on hand. They were produced during the war. As a matter of economy and saving of Government money, we want to use those up before the new one is put on sale.” Report Delay Costs Pastor $25, Case Against 7 Others Dropped One clergyman forfeited $25 col lateral today on a charge of failing to report performing a marriage ceremony, while similar charges against seven others were dropped after a two-hour hearing in Munici pal Court. Required to post collateral at No. 1 Precinct was the Rev. Andiew R. Bird, Church of the Pilgrims, Twenty-second and P streets N.W. The eight clergymen who ap peared for the hearing included the Rev. Edward H. Pruden, 3029 Ord way street N.W., pastor of the First Baptist Church. Sixteenth and O streets N.W., which is attended by President Truman. Assistant Corporation Counsel Clark King, who held the hearing in his office, set the $25 amount when Dr. Bird admitted his report on a marriage earlier this year was filed more than two weeks late. Dis trict Court rules require that all marriages here be reported by the performing clergyman within 10 days of the ceremony. Dr. Bird explained he had given the report to a friend who mislaid it. The clergyman fqrfeited $5 col lateral on the same charge last May. Mr. King said. The prosecutor’s action was strongly criticized by Attorney J. Austin Latimer, who spoke for six of the clergymen at the hearing. Nine clergymen were called today, but only eight appeared. The Rev. Smallwood E. Williams of the Bible Way Church, 1130 New Jersey ave nue N.W., was out of town. Mr. Latimer called the proceedings "a most embarrassing experience” to the ministers summoned, and added (See CLERGY, Page A-6.) 1 Public Hearings In SpyCase Reset For 2 P.M. Today U. S. Reported Seeking Speedy Indictments In Mew York Probe The House Committee on Un American Activities unexpectedly rescheduled open hearings for this afternoon in the sensational charges involving Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss as it was reported from New York that the Justice Department is mak ing “every effort” to get speedy indictments in the case. The House Committee announced public hearings starting at 2 p.m. while a special Federal grand jury in New York continued its investi gation after Mr. Chambers, avowed former Communist agent, directly accused Mr. Hiss of giving him “re stricted" Government documents for relay to Russia. Mr. Hiss is a former State Department official. Former Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles and Robert E. Strip ling, chief committee investigator, will be the witnesses at this after noon's session. Mundt Flies to Capital. I The decision to hold open sessions was announced by Representative Mundt, Republican, of South Da kota, acting chairman, shortly after |he arrived here by plane from his i home. The committee previously nad announced that a closed hearing would be held. Mr. Mundt said Mr. Stripling would be the first witness in order to put on the public record "the way this case has evolved and where the information came from." The source of rolls of microfilm of Government documents which had been hidden on Mr. Chambers’ Westminster <Md.) farm will not be revealed until Mr. Chambers him self testifies, Mr. Mundt said. Mr. Chambers, now a senior editor of Time Magazine, has been sub poened for the public hearings, but Ross Says President Has No Comment on New Spy Evidence By the Associated Press A White House official said today that so far as he knows. President Truman has said nothing about the new develop ments in the Communist spy inquiry. Presidential Secretary Charles G. Ross was asked whether Mr. Truman has made any comment on what one reporter called the "resurgence” of the Chambers Hiss case. “No, not as far as I know," Mr. Ross replied. Last summer, Mr. Truman said the inquiry was serving “no useful purpose" because the in formation revealed already had been given to a Federal grand jury. He accused the Republican controlled Congress then of dragging a “red herring” across the trail to divert attention from his demands for congres sional action on an anti-infla tion program. was detained in New York to appear again before the grand jury. Mr. Welles, who was Undersecre tary at the time Mr. Chambers charges the documents were slipped from the State Department about 10 years ago, is expected to testify what documents among those ob tained by the committee can be made public. The announcement that Mr. Welles would testify publicly came as a surprise since committee mem bers earlier had said they would confer with him privately to de termine which documents can be made public without endangering the national security. Mr. Mundt also announced that names of some of the other wit nesses subpoenaed for the public hearings will be revealed at today's session. Asked if Mr. Hiss, now president of the Carnegie Endowment for In ternational Peace had been sub poenaed, Mr. Mundt replied: "Not yet.” Before the hearing Mr. Mundt planned to meet with an FBI offi cial and a high-ranking State De partment official whose names he "(See SPY INQUIRY, Page A^37) Two Bernstein Killers To Die in Chair Friday District Court Judge Alexander Holtzoff today set Friday as the new date for execution of Reginald J. Wheeler, 28, and Jesse James Patton. 23, convicted murderers who have been granted 12 reprieves since they were sentenced to die two years ago. Each handcuffed to two deputy marshals, the men listened calmly as Judge Holtzoff scheduled their deaths in the electric chair for Fri day between the hours of 10 aan. and 2 pm. The condemned men, their heads shaven, smoked as they were led to and from the marshal's van and smiled frequently as they drew near the van. After the court hearing, Patton turned to the deputies and said: "I see youve got your cab here.” ' Wheeler and Patton, both colored, were convicted of the holdup mur der in June, 1946, of Maurice L. Bernstein, a druggist. Their latest stay of execution came last Friday, only 21 minutes before the legal deadline, from the United States Court of Appeals. That reprieve expired today. Attorney James L. Laughlin, one of the defense attorneys, said a pe tition would be filed with the Su preme Court, probably this after noon, seeking a rehearing of the case.