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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 21, 1948, Image 16

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gening flaf
With Sunday Morning Edition.
Published by
Till Evening Star Newspaper Company.
President and Chair.man at the Boerd, 1910-1948
B. M. McKELWAY, Editor.
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A—16 TUESDAY, December 21, 1948
Taxes Must Come First
Senator Taft, with others, has put him
self on record as favoring the same pay
increase for municipal employes that was
voted last spring for Federal employes.
It would be difficult for any one to oppose
such an increase. Its denial last spring
in the closing days of the regular session
represented an unfair discrimination
which cannot be remedied until the in
crease for municipal employes is approved.
The merits of the pay raise, however,
are not at issue. There was little or no
opposition to it before Congress adjourned.
The issue, which still remains, is where
to get the money to pay for it. Failure to
provide the answer, together with the
delay in asking Congress to give the
answer, was what killed the pay increase.
The answer was to approve a sales tax.
Senator Johnston of South Carolina was
ready to block the sales tax in the Senate,
already approved in the House. When the
tax bill died, so did the pay increase.
The pay increase for Municipal employes
still depends on approving the taxes re
quired to furnish the money. If approved
lor the current fiscal year and made retro
active to last July, as it should be, the
pay increase will cost about $5,500,000.
There is not that much money in the till.
In fact the budget which will go to Con
gress early in January probably will show
a deficit for the fiscal year that begins
next July. It will be an unbalanced budget,
showing that the city, even without a pay
Increase, will be spending next year sub
stantially more than it is taking in
through current taxes.
It is to be hoped that the Eighty-first
Congress will give serious attention to
revenue-raising legislation early in the
coming session. That is what must come
first. Until it is out of the way it is
idle to talk of spending money that is
not available. The sales tax is the most
productive and the least burdensome
method of producing revenue to meet the
pay raise and finance other municipal
necessities. Its early enactment is the
practical method of paying higher munic
ipal salaries.
War's End in Palestine?
It is a significantly encouraging fact that
King Abdullah of Trans-Jordan seems to
be in substantial agreement with Dr. Ralph
J. Bunche’s cheerful view that the Israeli
Arab war has come to a de facto end and
that the outlook is bright for working out
a final peace settlement in the relatively
near future.
Dr. Bunche, who has just returned to
this country, is in a position to know what
he is talking about. As acting United
Nations Mediator for Palestine, he has
been dealing with the problem at very
close range. Accordingly, when he says
that the State of Israel Is firmly estab
lished, that the fighting is over except
possibly for minor incidents of local vio
lence and that a lasting Holy Land solu
tion is in sight, it is safe to assume that
he is speaking on the basis of solid facts,
not mere wishfulness.
In any event, Abdullah’s attitude cer
tainly lends strong support to Dr. Bunche’s
optimism. For the King of Trans-Jordan,
besides affirming that “the time is ripe
for a peaceful solution,” has made clear
that he and the none-too-strong Arab
League are close to a full parting of the
ways. The league—which is made up of
his own country, Saudi Arabia, Egypt,
Syria, Lebanon, Yemen and Iraq—stands
generally opposed to his plan to enlarge
his present kingdom by annexing the areas
of partitioned Palestine controlled by his
forces outside the territory now held by
As interpreted by his league opponents—
notably Egypt—Abdullah’s projected an
nexation, in addition to suggesting that
he envisions even greater expansion in the
Arab world, implies a recognition of the
legal existence of Israel, and hence accept
ance of the principle of partition for
Palestine. The King has not denied this.
On the contrary, he ^s on record as declar
ing that the time is here for his fellow
Arab leaders to look reality in the face. I
And he has left little room for doubt
that he is determined, regardless of their
opposition, to go ahead with his plan,
even if that should include a special deal
between his own government and the pro
visional Israeli government.
Militarily, Trans-Jordan is by far the
^Irongest of the Arab countries, the others
Ijaving no force comparable to its British
trained army—a fact well illustrated by
Egypt’s poor showing in the recent fighting
in the Negeb. In the circumstances, if
King Abdullah breaks away from the
league, it will hardly be in a position to
carry out effective warfare against parti
tion; and if he works out an agreement
with Israel, an early peace in the Holy
Land will become not merely possible but
more than'probable.
Irrespective of Abdullah’s policy, how
ever, Palestine’s long-term future will
depend largely on the ability of the Arabs
*.nd Jews to negotiate a treaty of economic
union providing for such things as a com
mon currency and Joint operation of agri
cultural developments and transportation
and communications facilities. Such a
treaty—as recommended in the U. N.
partitioning plan—will be indispensable to
a sound peace. Without it, even though
there may be no shooting war, the Israeli
people and their neighbors will be hard
put to prosper together in harmony.
A Reassuring Decision
The “unhappy consequences” inter
nationally which the Government feared
would result from any “tampering” by the
Supreme Court with the war trials in
Tokyo have been forestalled (by the court's
refusal to interfere in those cases. The
court’s six-to-one decision that it has no
authority to review rulings of the eleven
nation tribunal in Japan ends the threat
of repercussions reaching possibly to the
United Nations.
The final vote shows that the arguments
against intervention, ably delivered by
Solicitor General Perlman, were convinc
ing enough to swing Justices Black and
Douglas from a noncommittal attitude to
concurrence with the majority. Justice
Jackson, in casting his vote to break a
four-to-four tie on the earlier Question of
hearing jurisdiction arguments, had re
vealed at that time that Justices Black,
Douglas, Murphy and Rutledge had not
made up their minds on the issue of
jurisdiction. Justice Murphy, remaining
unconvinced, cast the lone dissenting vote
yesterday, while Justice Rutledge reserved
decision until later. Justice Jackson prop
erly abstained from participating in the
final decision.
There would have been “unhappy con
sequences” if the Supreme Court had
technically refused even to hear argu
ments on the jurisdiction issue. As Justice
Jackson pointed out, a four-to-four tie on
this previous question inevitably would
have raised doubts abroad as to the finality
of the international tribunal’s verdict.
Now, by an overwhelming vote, the court
has made it clear that it considers the
tribunal not an agency of the United States
alone but of all the allied powers which
conquered and now occupy Japan. As
sudh, the American courts have no more
right to interfere than have the courts
of any other nation.
Mr. Perlman stated the case* persuasively
when he told the justices: “Other nations
cannot be expected to agree to the estab
lishment of international courts if our
domestic courts declare themselves author
ized to review their holdings. And if
American courts arrogate such power to
themselves, there is nothing to gainsay a
similar competence in the courts of all
other nations. • • • Peaceful and judicial
settlement of international disputes, as
well as the continued growth of world law,
is certain to be adversely affected.” It
would take little imagination to envision
the effect of such “arrogance” on the
United Nations and similar co-operative
agencies and activities based on respect
for the authority of international justice.
It Should Be Independent
It is hard to think of anything that
would be better calculated to destroy con
fidence in the impartiality of the National
Labor Relations Board than to put that
agency in the Department of Labor.
This has been recommended by John
W. Gibson, Assistant Secretary of Labor.
In his view the board should be in the
Department of Labor under the Secretary
of Labor.
If this were done the board would lose
its status as an independent agency. It
would become an instrument for the fur
therance of the policies of the Department
of Labor, and those policies are wholly
and openly prolabor. This may be all right
for the Department of Labor, for it is
supposed to be labor’s representative in
the Government. But this is not true of
the labor board. It has the status of a
quasi-judicial agency. Its function is to
sit In judgment in disputes between in
dustry and labor, and it is supposed to
Interpret and apply the law even-hand
In its early days the board was flag
rantly partisan, and especially biased in
favor of the CIO, from whose ranks Mr.
Gibson came to the Labor Department.
The scales were heavily weighted against
any employer, and the situation got so
bad that the AFL successfully fought the
reappointment of some of the board mem
bers on the ground that they were mere
tools of the CIO.
This condition has been cleaned up in
recent years. The judicial and prosecuting
functions of the board have been sep
arated, and its present members are gen
erally credited with being impartial in
the discharge of their duties. In the
opinion of any one who is not an out
and-out union partisan this has been a
distinct change for the better. And it is
an improvement which ought to be main
tained. In all probability Mr. Gibson’s
proposal, whatever its intent, would have
the opposite effect. It is one of those
things which deserves to be filed and
Twenty Years Missing
The people of Denmark still are search
ing for a ship which disappeared twenty
years ago this week. She was the training
vessel Kobenhaven with sixty hands
aboard. The craft sailed from Montevideo,
Uruguay, December 14, 1928. From about
four hundred miles east of the River Plate,
she wirelessed: “All’s well!’’ Then silence
enveloped her, a silence not yet broken.
At the moment of her vanishing, the
Kobenhaven was the only five-masted
square-rigger in commission in the world.
She was of steel construction, had auxiliary
engines and powerful radio equipment.
Under 52,000 square yards of sail, she
seemed equal to any demand of wind or
wave. In case of accident, she had an
ample number of boats to accommodate
her crew—forty-five cadets and fifteen
The destination of the ship was Aus
tralia. That meant that she was headed
around Cape Horn or through the Strait
of Magellan and into parts of the universal
i ocean containing drift ice. Some students
of marine affairs have developed the theory
that she struck a berg and sank before her
captain could call for help. Others have
suggested that she was blown across the
South Atlantic and wrecked on the cliffs
of Tristan da Cunha. Nobody really knows
what happened. All that is certain is that
the Kobenhaven was reported missing on
March 9, 1929, and nothing has been
learned about her fate since that day.
But the problem of her disappearance
remains a live topic of discussion in Den
mark and among sailors elsewhere. Bhe
sails in the same ghostly fleet to which
many other gallant craft belong. The list
includes the Patriot, in which Aaron Burr’s
daughter Theodosia . Alston and her little
son were lost in 1812, and the U. 8. 8.*
Cyclops, with 309 on board, “sunk without
trace” in 1918. Among mariners hope
never is abandoned that solutions of such
mysteries eventually will be found. Even
now after two decades the Danes still
pursue the quest of the Kobenhaven
wherever they voyage over the world.
The Bow Tie
A Hollywood haberdasher has made the
silly statement that "the bow tie belongs
to youth” and that males moving into their
late thirties should stop wearing it from
then on. All sensible men—including
snappy dressers like President Truman—
will laugh the judgment to scorn, agreeing
wholeheartedly with the Fashion Founda
tion of America that this distinctive type
of cravat is a suitable decoration for necks
of any and every age. In short, if one
can tie it, or if one has a wife who can,
he should not hesitate to sport it, no
matter how numerous his years.
Alas, though, the “if” involved here is
distressingly big, and great numbers of
us aging males know only too well that
it spells the difference between satisfac
tion and frustration. For although we
wish with all our hearts that we could
add piquancy to our personalities by wear
ing colorful bow ties, the wish is futile,
and there is nothing we can do about it
but bipod angrily over that cruel twist of
fate that let us be bom without the
slightest gift or power to tie them. As
mere boys, we could build our own crystal
radio sets without any trouble, or we could
fix up the Model T as easy as pie, or we
could do the equivalent of producing the
atomic bomb, but the bow tie—year after
year, down to this day—has been a con
stant source of bafflement. Despite count
less efforts to work the thing out on milk
bottles and wooden poles, we still cannot
tie it. Nor can our wives, the sad fact
being that we lacked the simple, common
sense foresight to marry ones who could.
Those of us who are In this fix derive
no comfort from haberdashers who urge
us to buy pre-tied bow ties, the kind that
can be slipped onto the collar with the
greatest of ease. That may be all right
for some, but the rest of us are conscien
tious. If we wore the ersatz version, we
would feel as if we were walking around
with a fraud upon our necks, hoaxing our
friends and the general public, and know
ing deep down inside us that such a trick
could not fill us with a sense of personal
achievement. What we want to do is to
wear the genuine article and be able to
stand before everybody and say that we
put it together ourselves, or at least that
our wives did. Is there no way that organ
izations like the Fashion Foundation of
America can let us in on the secret?
Its laughable assertion that men spend
more for clothes than women do, now
corrected by the Department of Labor,
never fooled the husband who is out
numbered two to one in his own closet.
This and That
By Charles E. Tracewell
What to give the birds and squirrels for
Well, it’s easy.
Nuts, seeds, raisins, suet, peanut butter,
coconut cake, doughnuts, apples, slices of bread.
These are some of the foods liked by birds
and squirrels alike.
There are few things a bird will eat that a
squirrel won’t.
All of them patronize a bird feeding station,
and all of them, irrespective of the number
of legs, are hungry in the cold.
* * * *
Coral berries, on real coral wreaths, are great
We have watched all the berries stripped from
WTeaths on front doors in a few minutes.
But be sure the berries are real, not fake, if
you want to attract the songsters. You can
not fool them.
Strings of berries, seeds, pieces of suet, and
so on, may be made, and hung in evergreens,
but, after all, this method has nothing much to
recommend it except novelty. If it is decided to
attract some of the birds close to the house
on Christmas Day, this string business is a good
one, but actually the birds do not care; what
they want is something to eat, and the old
familiar places are the best, they will indicate.
* * * *
Let the birds and other wild things in the
home yard have their food, whether there is
snow on the ground or not.
They are just as hungry.
Snow surely makes for a better picture, but
it is not essential: The birds have to take the
weather as it comes.
Slices of bread, moistened with milk or water,
make good Christmas food for the local birds.
Bread crumbs always are good. Nothing can
be said against their use, but the fact is that
a slice of bread goes faster.
Apples offer both drink and food, particularly
to the mockingbirds. They should be cut ih
two, and placed cut side up.
* * * *
Raisins make an acceptable offer, liked by
practically all the birds that winter with us.
The seed or unseeded varieties may be used.
They are best placed on porch rails or steps, or
on the driveway, or on the lawn.
Do not fear that because they are invisible to
the human eye they will not be seen by the
birds. »
The birds have sharp eyes, much keener than
our own, and practically all their lives they
have used them for one purpose, to find food.
It is not always realized wfcat it is that drives
the birds to such constant seeking for food.
Most people think it is simply because they
have such fine appetites, and that is true, but
what gives them such good appetites? They
eat constantly, if they can find food.
It takes something more than outdoor exer
cise and fresh air.
What makes the birds such good feeders is
Their inner temperatures.
These range from about 103 degrees to 111
degrees, according to the species.
Yes, you have guessed it. One enthusiastic
bird student actually took the temperatures of
various birds, and found them ranging from 103
in the crow to more than 111 degrees in the
crested flycatcher and bob-white. The ruby
throated hummingbird, even in summer, has a
temperature of better than 108 degrees. When
Old Man Robin visits yoij next March, he will
be all of 109 degrees, almost 110.
It takes a lot of food to keep up such heat.
The more food we all put out this Christmas
time, the better off our birds will be, and the
surer they are to go through the winter.
Many persons, starting feeding at Christm|s,
will want to keep on, not only for the good it
does but also for the pleasure it gives the
He who feeds the birds in the cold will be sure
to have them around in the spring and sum
mer, when they will eat the most insect pests.
Even in the cold, such beauties as the downy
woodpecker, the nuthatch and the brown
creeper do a fine Job rooting out insect eggs
and larvae from hidden crevices in bark.
Letters to The Star *
Christmas—A Boy Back Home
To th« Editor of Tht Star:
A present is not always a doll, sled, necktie,
watch or furniture—it may be something ac
complished in a person; that is, some change
or development in character or personality.
Recently the Children’s Country Home for
Convalescent Children, a Community Chest
agency, received an appreciative letter from a
public children’s service concerning a boy who
is about to retjim home after six months of
hospital and convalescent care. Excerpts from
the letter are as follows: “Though the nature
of the injury was -not of itself handicapping, it
was felt that the patient would have been
severely handicapped without. proper care,
which he was not getting at home. (Due to
substandard and crowded, housing conditions.)
. “Upon admission to the ward, his cast was
dirty and badly worn, his hair was long and
shaggy and his skin was in bad condition. His
cast was changed and the skin condition
treated, his hair was shampooed and cut, but
he was whiny and sullen. He fought with
other children and was not at all happy in
the hospital atmosphere. Because he had dif
ficulty in adjusting and because he was not
in need of hospital treatment, it was felt that
he might benefit from being with other chil
dren and in play activities at the Children’s
Country Home.
“Both the boy and his mother were seen by
the medical social worker when he returned
for clinic and physical therapy. There was
a marked change in his appearance; he was
neat and clean and looked well-cared-for; he
was friendly and outgoing. When it was sug
gested that he be readmitted to the hospital
for physical therapy, both the patient and his
mother protested, the latter saying that he
liked it at the Children’s Country Home and if
he could stay there she would arrange for
transportation to the clinic for treatments.
“This patient has been discharged from fur
ther physical therapy and orthopedic care, but
the doctors are anxious that his general health
be maintained. They appreciate the change
in his behavior and the convalescent care
which has met many of his needs.”
Due to a cut in the Chest budget the Chil
dren's Country Home may not be able to serve
as many children as in the past.
Pet Poisoner Rebuked
To the Editor of The star:
I wish to back up what E. J. said about dog
poisoners. I have a dear little cat who came
to supper one night unable to lap milk. Her
little mouth was all gummed shut with some
kind of poison. It is a nasty, sticky stuff that
causes innocent little animals to starve to
death because they cannot get their mouths
open to eat. I gently and slowly pulled the
gum off, bit by bit. The cat knew I was trying
to help her and was as patient as if she could
understand English. I had raised her from
a kitten.
Last year I put this cat in the cat show and
she won a ribbon for her beautiful fur and
gentle disposition. She was my only companion
before I had a child. Several weeks after the
above episode my cat again stepped in some of
that nasty poison and in trying to clean her
neat little paws, she got it in her mouth and
near her eye. I took her to a veterinarian this
time, as I was afraid the gum had glued to
her little tongue. She had two lovely kittens
since, but now has disappeared for several days.
I am afraid the poison she must have run into
again has glued her eyes shut this time, so she
is unable to find her way home and will starve
and freeze to death in the weeds somewhere.
She was such a good mouser and killed many
rats, too. Cats are more valuable to destroy
rodents than is poison and much less dan
gerous. The person who puts out poison is as
much a murderer as if a child had found it
and put it in his mouth. I hope He whose
"eye is on the sparrow” will punish the pet
murderer. KITTEN LOVER.
An Optimist at Christmas
To tho Editor of Th« 8t»r:
At year's end, living becomes just a bit
richer ... a bit more enjoyable, as folks every
where trade heartfelt wishes for Christmas
merriness and New Year's happiness.
During the past eight or nine holiday sea
sons the shape of world affairs did little to
promote good cheer among men. Despite that
fact, Christmas trees will occupy a prominent
spot in millions upon millions of homes; carol
ers will fill clear and starry nights with joy
ous Christmas music; postmen will stagger
under the weight of mall pouches filled with
friendly messages for the Yuletide period.
The reason is simple, of course: The Spirit
of Christmas will not die.
As a new holiday season looms ahead, al
though we all know that this resilient old
world of ours is still troubled, nonetheless, I'd
like to cast my lot with the legion of optimists
who feel that the future holds more golden
opportunities than ever before.
Framingham, Mass. ' H. 8. DENNISON.
The Clergy and Secular Issues
To tho Editor of The Star:
I read the letter by Mr. Hayes in The Star
of December 15 with considerable interest. He
evidently is well-informed and has kept up
with the religious news. Many clergymen sym
pathize with him in his position, and would
be much relieved if they could get back into
their pulpits. Some of those of whom he
speaks have said too much about details with
which they were not fully acquainted, as to
just how their plans should be carried out.
But consider the present state we are ih: The
statesmen, jurists, politicians etc., did not
avert an awful war, the second in 25 years;
they have found no way to prevent Communist
control of China; they have no answer except
force. Some one must step into the role of the
our un-Christlan sectarianism, our racial
Hebrew prophets who spoke with an authority
above their own.
Assure us that our pulpits will be ours to
freely occupy, for even 25 years more, and we
may be more inclined to leave political ques
tions to the experts. Amsterdam dealt with
our critical acceptance of unethical practices,
our un-Christian sectarianism, our racial
autognosis. Surely this was part of the busi
ness of clergymen.
Pastor, District Heights Presbyterian Church.
Rehabilitation and Panhandling
To tho Editor of The Star:
In a letter to The Star, published on Decem
ber 10, William H. Sweitzer inquired why many
individuals he has seen "panhandling” in this
city are not offered rehabilitation services of
the type given disabled persons by the District
of Columbia Rehabilitation Service.
The program of the Djstrict of Columbia
Rehabilitation Service is, by law, restricted
to eligible residents of the District of Columbia.
I think it will be agreed that many transients
come to Washington with no intention of es
tablishing residence here. To determine the
proportion of the city’s disabled beggars who
are eligible for our services would require -a
survey of the type which our office is neither
equipped nor authorized to undertake. I might
add that there have been several instances
where staff members, including myself, have
approached disabled beggars and disabled per
sons selling the usual sidewalk items and
suggested that they avail themselves of vo
cational rehabilitation Services. Most of them
appeared uninterested; and there is nothing
compulsory about this program. If the in
dividual doesn't want the services, he cannot
Letters for publication mutt bear
the signature and address of the
writer, although it is permissible for
a writer known to The Star to use
a nom de plume. Please be brief.
be forced to take them. Some of the city’s
disabled beggars are residents of nearby su
burban areas. Since these areas are outside the
District of Columbia, such residents are also in
eligible for our services. However, we make
every effort to interpret to them, when they
apply, the availability of similar services in
their respective States. There are rehabilitation
agencies serving eligible disabled persons, in
cluding the blind, in all 48 States, Puerto Rico,
Hawaii and Alaska, as well as in the District
of Columbia.
There will always be some disabled persons
for whom rehabilitation services are not feas
ible. The District of Columbia Rehabilitation
Service does not claim to be able to rehabili
tate every disabled person. Por one thing,
some persons cannot be rehabilitated because
of the ravages of time between the onset of
their disablement and the time they come to
our attention.
Able-bodied persons can perform a great
service for the handicapped by informing them
selves-of the rehabilitation Services which ex
ist in their community, and by advising the
disabled .accordingly. My own office will be
glad to supply interested persons with infor
mation on the program carried out by the
District of Columbia Rehabilitation Service.
The office is located in the Federal Security
Building on Independence avenue, between
Third and Fourth streets S.W.
Chief, District of Columbia Rehabilitation
Ice Creeper Wanted
To the Editor of The Star:
The days of icy, dangerous walking are
here. Every, winter brings its long list of
broken bones and not infrequently of deaths
caused by falls on slippery pavements. The
writer has made a few inquiries into whether
there is on the market such a device as a
really practicable ice creeper for general use
by human beings. So far he has had no suc
cess in his search. How about the inventive
group among The Star readers taking hold
of this problem?
At first glance it would appear to be a
simple matter but, like many seemingly simple
questions, it can be full of difficulties. How
ever, American ingenuity might well come
M, A. Degree for Teachers
To the Editor of The Ster:
Don Goodie’s letter of December 4, complain
ing of the inequity of requiring an M. A. degree
for the top salary in the Washington school
system, would leave a distorted picture of the
In a period of educational inflation there
hardly Is any excuse for a teacher not to have
at least a master’s degree. Universities are
only too glad to custom-build work for the
master’s degree in any field one may specify
and, what is more, some of them will bring
the work to one's door COD. After all, an
M. A. is a pittance of an education.
While I do not make a fetish of degrees, I
do believe it incumbent upon one entering
upon educational work to pass through this
toyhood of degrees in one’s adolescence. I
agree with Mr. Goodie that the school author
ities were to blame for encouraging premature
teachers formerly but disagree with him that
the school authorities should continue to en
courage such teachers. I cannot agree that
a great artist, whether musician, artist or
pugilist, is by the same title a good teacher.
The profession of teaching has something
unique about it.
When in other professions it is a question
of certification upon completion of four to five
years of specialized experience beyond the
doctor’s degree, here comes a teacher opposed
to a requirement so lowly as an M. A. for top
salary and with a veiled threat if the require
ment is not drastically revised downward.
Capitol Dome Michelangelo’s?
To the Editor of The Star:
I notice in your paper that an original work
by Michelangelo is coming for exhibition
here. I wonder if our people generally know
that the dome of the splendid Capitol is, I
am told, an exact copy of the dome of St.
Peter’s Church in Rome, which is considered
from an architectural standpoint Michel
angelo's masterpiece. Hence, we have a sample
of his genius right here in our midst.
G. P. O. Veterans’ Claims
To the Editor of The Star:
With the many activities tending toward an
increase in Federal pay getting the spotlight,
it seems possible that an adjustment will be
made. Not many will disagree that such
adjustment is advisable, if our Government is
to have efficient people in executive positions;
and it is the hope of the average citizen that
by granting top-bracket people substantial
increases we may get the people justified in
receiving such improved wages. '
While this .adjustment of Federal pay is in
the making, it is hoped that consideration may
be given also to the G. P. O. "forgotten men"
who had 15 days’ leave taken away 16 years
ago. This money was earned, and means
provided for it to be paid, but we have not
received it. Some have died during the years,
but there are many left.
As King Saul said to his guards when he w%s
harassed by the giant; "Is there not one of you
who will venture forth and slay this demon?”
We “old-timers" are asking: “Is there not one
among you Congressmen who will take up our
cause and secure for us that which is due us?”
Movement Against War
To the Editor of The Stir:
According to the press, the Student Council
of Georgetown University has adopted a reso
lution calling upon the students to pause for
one minute at noon each day in prayers for
world peace. The student paper refers to this
action as a “wholly unprecedented move.”
But “unprecedented moves” of this kind and
of other kinds, on an international scale, are
necessary if mankind is to be saved from an
"unprecedented” new war. The student resolu
tion calls for action looking to the enlistment
of all American colleges in the movement,
which is reported to have started with an
American Legion post at Manchester, N. H.,
and is spreading to other groups.
It is suggested that since there are more
people who are interested in peace than there
are people who will make a habit of praying
for peace, other means also be sought of
keeping this foremost question foremost in the
public thought.
When, for example, will some congregation
upport its minister in the initiation of a great
movement by devoting their entire principal
weekly service (until such time as peace shall
oe firmly established) to definite and concrete
means of taking individual, national and in
ternational action against war?
The action of the Georgetown students is a
vastly encouraging step. Let every person who
is an enemy of war take a similar step or
some other step in the same direction. And
let us never halt short of lasting peace.
X. D. O.
j The Political Mill +» *4
G. 0. P. Slated to Hold '"1'
Pow-wow in Middle West
Stimulus for P*rty/Rebuilding Sought
in Are* of Former Triumph*
By Gould Lincoln
The Republican* are going to the Middle
West for their first big pow-wow since the
presidential election—the meeting ot the Re
publican National Committee, which National
Chairman Hugh Scott plan* to call around
January 38. At least, this is the chairman’s
present plan. The expectation is that the
meeting place will be farther west than Chi
cago—^rhaps St Louis, Kansas City, Des
Moines or Omaha.
The Middle West—where the Republican
comeback after the early Roosevelt Demo
cratic triumphs first started—lft the Repub
licans down in the recent elections. It may
be that the determination to go West for
the national committee meeting is to give
stimulus to rebuilding there once again.
It will be at this meeting that the Repub
licans will go along -with Chairman Scott in
his determination to hold on to his chairman
ship or seek to put the skids under the Penn
sylvanian. There is a growing feeling, how
ever, that Mr. Scott is not to be dislodged.
So far the only potential opposing candidate
for the chairmanship seems to be Represent
ative Dirksen of Illinois, who is retiring volun
tarily from Congress. Whether Mr. Dirksen
himself would be interested in the office has
not been disclosed. He has been in Puerto
Rico and is not expected back in Washington
until the end of the month. Mr. Dirksen
has been a forceful member of the House, an
excellent speaker, on the progressive side and
a supporter of the Vandenberg foreign policy
leadership of the Republicans.
Full Time Job Argument.
One of the arguments which is used by
those who oppose retention of Mr. Scott as
national chairman is that the job is a full
time job, and that Mr. Scott is a member of
the House. Mr. Scott has given no intimation
he will resign from Congress. On the con
trary, during the campaign, which resulted in
his re-election by a large majority, Mr. Scott
said he would serve his term if he won. There
is plenty of precedent for a member of Con
gress who also is chairman of one of the
major parties’ national committees. Obviously,
however, the Republicans are strongly in
need of better organization, and of much
detailed work by an experienced man.
If Mr. Scott is to remain as both national
chairman and member of the House, an easy
solution of the problem would be the ap
pointment of an executive assistant who would •
give his whole time to the problem of organi
zation. This would leave the national chair
man free to get around the country—and also
to work at his job in the House. A natural
for this office would be “Vic” Johnston. Mr.
Johnston took over the work of putting Wis
consin back in the Republican column several
years ago. By the time he finished there,
Wisconsin not only had a Republican governor
but two Republican senators, and a solid Re
publican delegation in the House. Mr. John
ston next took up the job of making Harold
E. Stassen a leading contender for the Re
publican presidential nomination. An out
standing success was his handling of the presi
dential primary campaign in Wisconsin, where
Mr. Stassen got the bulk of the delegation to
the Republican Nation Convention and shut
Gov. Dewey of New York out entirely.
Ability Recognized.
However, if Mr. Johnston should become an
executive assistant in the Republican National
Committee, he would wear no candidate's
collar. He would devote all his time- to his
passion for political organization, from thd
precinct up, which the G. O. P. appears to
need. For not only did Mr. Johnston not see
eye to eye with Mr. Stassen and the latter's
other advisers in the final days of the pre
nomination campaign, but he was taken on
by the Dewey forces handling the presidential
campaign after the New York Governor had
been nominated. This was in recognition of Mr.
Johnston's abilities.
Mr. Scott's first planned move to stir up
renewed interest in the Republican party is the
holding of a “Republican Policy Conference"—
a project which he announced more than a
week ago. The reaction to it has been more
favorable than hostile, although some of the
Republicans with whom Mr. Scott has talked
have been a bit skeptical. He has had op
portunity to discuss the matter with several
of the Republican congressional leaders, among
them Senators Taft of Ohio and Vandenberg
of Michigan. Mr. Taft is understood to have
raised no objection to the project, although
questioning horn much could be accomplished
at such a meeting. In any event, it is expected
that the plan for a conference will be placed
on the agenda of the National Committee
meeting next month.
Questions and Answers
A reader can get the answer to anr Question of
faet bj writing The Evening Star Information
Bureau. 316 Ere street N.E.. Washington *2. O. C.
Please inclose 3 cents for return postage.
Q. If a rifle is fired from a tall building at
the same time a bullet is dropped, which will
reach the ground first?—P. J.
A. The National Rifle Association says that
a bullet fired from a rifle which is about hori
zontal at a given distance from the ground will
reach the ground, at the same time as a bullet
which is dropped. The pull of gravity is a con
stant quantity.
Q. Which is warmer Galveston, Tex., or
Miami, Fla.?—J. D. P.
A. In Miami, Fla., the January average tem
perature is 68 degrees; the July average is 81.7
degrees. In Galveston, Tex., the January aver
age temperature is 54.6 degrees; the July aver
agers 82.8 degrees.
Q. What animals are destroyed through
the Federal supervised predator control fork
in a year?—E. F. C.
A. During the fiscal year ending June 30,
1948, the number of predatory animals de
stroyed by this work was 99,452. This included
90,270 coyotes, 7,223 lynxes, bobcats and ocelots;
744 bears and 148 mountain lions. Large num
bers of rodents, including prairie dogs, ground
squirrels, pocket gophers, woodchucks, rats,
moles, porcupines and mice, were also de
Q. Who coined (he word sophisticates?—T.
W. S.
A. It was first used by Gertrude Atherton,
the novelist, to describe the intellectual aristoc
racy of New York.
The Painter's House, Antwerp
A narrow street, a door, then opulence
Breath-catching, vast, a brightness,
larger air;
l stand at gaze, allowing inner sense
To pierce the mullioned windows, mount
a stair,
And watch with kindling eye the master,
joy jt
As always in the work, his barrel-frame
Which shakes to chuckles, medium a toy
Whereon an ageless youth will splash
his name.
This mansion Rubens built suggests a tide,
A flowing beauty, rampant, truly song
Of Flanders that he loved, the sweet child
Whose limbs upon these stones flashed
white and strong.
Grateful am I, that in a gleam l view
The happiest life an artist ever knewf
r *

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