Newspaper Page Text
Mostly sunny with high in middle 50s today. Pair and colder tonight with low about 30. Tomorrow, some cloudiness and colder. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight -.36 £ a.m_35 10 a.m_41 , 2 a.rp-35 « a.m..35 11 a m_49 j 4 a.m-35 9 a.m-37 Noon..51 I Lote New York Markets, Page A-25 ! Guide for Readers Page. Amusements ... C-4 Comics ..C-8-9 Editorial_A-8 Editorial Articles A-9 Finance _A-25 Lost and Found A-3 Page. Obituary _A-2(1 Radio ....._C-9 Society, Clubs . B-3 Sports_C-l-3 Where to Go B-5 Woman’s Page B-14 An Associated Press Newspaper 96th Year. No. 357. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1948 —FIFTY-TWO PAGES. City Home Delivery, Dally and Sunday. JF.20 a Month. When ft C /'VtT'VTrnQ Sunday*. *1.30. Night Final Edition. S1.30 and $1.40 per Month X O U. S. Stops Marshall Plan Aid To Indies to Halt Dutch Drive; U. N. Unit Blames Netherlands Payments Suspended Pending Clarification Of Present Situation V •y the Associated Pres* The United States tfday sus pended Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands Indies. It was indicated that the move, taken by the Economic Co-opera tion Administration with State De partment approval, is intended to discourage Dutch military action against the Indonesian Republic. The Dutch last week launched what they termed "police action” in In donesia. United Nations investiga tors called it a violation of a truce agreement. Economic Co-operation Adminis trator Hoffman said the suspension will continue "pending clarification of the present situation.” Aid to the Dutch homeland is not affected. Officials had "no com ment” when asked whether this too might be suspended if the civil fighting goes on despite the U. N. ban. - S14.000.00fl Is Affected Mr. Hoffman said the suspension is "effective immediately." It was explained that this means any con tracts for recovery shipments sign ed today or later will not be hon ored—in other words, the United States will not pick up the check. The Netherlands Indies were al lotted $68,000,000 in direct help for the recovery year which started last April 3. Perhaps $14,100,000 of that total is affected by the shutdown, officials estimated—as well as future aid in the remaining years of the recovery program, unless Indonesia is paci fied. The Dutch homeland government has been allotted $298,500,000 in stating that the Netherlands itself is ont affected, one official added privately, however, that ECA will check closely on whether the In donesian fighting represents a drain on the home economy suf ficient to hurt the recovery effort. Aid Must Reach People. Mr. Hoffman said in a statement that ECA funds can be devoted to Indonesia “only if there is reasona ble assurance that United States aid can be distributed efficiently among the people of Indonesia and that it will contribute to economic recovery there and in Europe.” The Dutch-held portion of Indo nesia was included in the recovery program, ECA explained, on the conviction that an expansion of ex ports of rubber, copra, palm oil, tin, petroleum, bauxite and other raw materials from the Indies would pro vide a stimulus to the recovery not only of Holland but of all Western Europe. More than half of the aid to In donesia has been in textiles, rice and wheat flour. “As previously indicated, no pro curement authorizations have been issued for military supplies,” Mr. Hoffman said. Envoy Asked Suspension. Dr. D. Soemitro, Indonesian envoy had asked Undersecretary of State Lovett to shut off Marshall Plan aid to the Dutch, charging the assistance was being used to crush the Indo nesian Republic. The Dutch Ambassador. Eelco van Kleffens, denied any recovery funds have been used to arm Dutch troops. The action suspending aid to In donesia was the second such move in as many days. Mr. Hoffman yesterday announced the dropping, for the time being, of (SeeECA, Page A-5.1 # Philadelphia Freight Moves As Dock Workers Return Ey the Associoted Pres* PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 22.—Move merit of freight in the port of Phila delphia returned to normal today after settlement of the three-day longshoremen's strike. Paul Baker, a vice president of the AFL International Longshore mens Union, announced last night that union members had ratified an agreement reached in New York with the Philadelphia Marine Trade Association. The men quit work Saturday in a dispute over interpretation of a clause in a previous agreement affecting pay for less than a full four-hour shift. Mr. Baker said agreement was reached on the union viewpoint and that men reporting for work today will be guaranteed four hours’ pay even if weather or other conditions prevent them from working. And men reporting at 1 p.m. or later, he said, will be guaranteed two hours’ pay. The employers had insisted on paying only for the length of time worked until weather forced a lay off. They made no comment on the settlement. With the men back on the job, the railroad embargo on all freight in tended for overseas shipment from the port was expected to be lifted. The eiiibargo was ordered “to pre vent an accumulation of vitally needed freight cars at Philadelphia.’’ Wind May"B]ock New Try To Rescue 11 on Ice Cap •y Hi* Associated Cress The Air Force made tentative plans for a new attempt to rescue 11 men from the Greenland ice cap today, but reports of strong winds in the area raised some doubt that It could be carried out. Air Force officials said a C-82 transport plane was scheduled to take off from Goose Bay, Labrador, to try again to hook onto a glider and bring out at least part of the marooned party. A helicopter which made a weather reconnaissance flight early in the morning reported heavy winds still prevailed. Good Offices Group Charges Breach of Truce Agreement By Associated Press BATAVIA, Java, Dec. 22.—The United Nations Good Offices Committee accused the Dutch today of violating last January’s Renville truce agreement in their new warfare against the Indo nesian Republic. The Dutch, continuing their al most unopposed march through Indonesian territory, have taken all but two major cities in Java, Dutch communiques said, and in Sumatra the picture was reported much the same. The Indonesians have called for scorched earth tactics. The Dutch announced that the Indonesians put the torch to Tjepee. Java's only oil center. This was the first mention in any communique of the Indonesian scorched-earth poli cy. Tire Dutch subsequently over ran the city. Sumatra Capital Taken. A communique, continuing a reci tal of advances in both Java and Sumatra, reported that Bukitt'inggi (Fort de Kock), the Republican capital on Sumatra, was taken. Jogjakarta, the No. 1 capital in Central Java, was seized at the out set of the campaign Sunday. Thus far, the Dutch said, their total' cas ualties are 8 killed and 14 wounded, and the drive continues against ' very little resistance.” The Good Offices Committee, which had tried to mediate the Netherlands - Indonesian Republic dispute, accused the Dutch .in a cable to the Security Council at Paris. The U. N. report to the Council said the Dutch evidently planned their current campaign against the Republic while still corresponding with Republicans through the United Nations. Since the ‘‘police action” began, the Dutch have seized all the top Indonesian polit ical leaders and their army com mander. (.'ultimatum in Letter. The committee's report to the Council, signed by Merle Cochrane of the United States and T. W. Cutts of Australia, said the tone of a Netherlands letter of December 17—a day before the “police action’ began—to the American representa tive required a reply within a time limit which was “impossible of ful nilment.’’ This, the committee said, gave the letter "some features of an ulti matum.” (The Dutch announced Decern- ; ber 11 that they were breaking off discussions with the Idonesian J Republic and would form an in terim federal government for the ; islands without it. December 16 the Dutch rejected a proposal by : Republican Premier Mohamed | Hatta for further talks.) “Not only have the possibilities of negotiation under auspices of the committee not been exhausted, but they have not been adequately ex plored,” the committee told the Se curity Council. "There have been no negotiations under auspices of the committee since 23 July. Re cent direct talks cannot be regarded as negotiations as they took the form of Netherlands demands for complete surrender of the Republic to the Netherlands position on all important issues. “Despite frequent requests, Neth erlands authorities have not yet pro vided the United States representa tive or the deputy Australian repre sentative who are in Batavia with any information regarding the wel fare of members of the committee and their staffs and the United Na tions secretariat, who were in Kal ioerang 19 December. (The Dutch announced today, after occupying Kalioerang, that all were safe.) Communications Cut Off. “Nor have the Netherlands au thorities provided means of com munication between the two groups. The United States representative and the deputy Australian repre sentative are, therefore, once more constrained to forward this report on behalf of the committee without referring (it) to members who are still in Kalioerang. “In repudiation of the Renville truce agreement, the Netherlands government did not comply with provisions of Article 10 of that agreement. “The committee was not aware of any circumstances connected with the concentration of Republican (See INDONESIA, Page” A-5.) West Point Cadets Flying Home for 10-Day Leaves • y th# Associated Press WEST POINT, N. Y„ Dec, 22.— Nearly all the Military Academy's 1.800 cadets are departing today by air for 10-day holiday leaves at their homes in all parts of the country. They are flying in Air Force planes, with about 1,500 departing Urom Stewart Field at Newburg, N. Y.; 137 from the Dutchess County Airport at New Hackensack, N. Y., and 136 from Teterboro Airport, N. J. Col. William Proctor ' of the academy said the flights serve the double .purpose of getting the cadets jhome for Christmas and giving Air Force personnel routine training in ! cross-country flying. ANNAPOLIS, Dec. 22 (^.—Mid shipmen, all 3,300 of them, left the Naval Academy today for their Christmas vacation. The brigade is due to return January 2. Caracas Paper Suspended CARACAS, Venezuela, Dec. 22 </P>. —The federal district government yesterday ordered suspension for 15 days of the newspaper Tribuna Popular, organ of the Communist Party of Venezuela, for “having published works without submitting, them to the censor.” O'Dwyer Orders Police to Probe Duggan's Death Nfew York Mayor Calls for Thorough Inquiry in Plunge By the Associated Pres* NEW YORK, Dec. 22.—Mayor O’Dwyer today directed New York Police to make a “thorough investigation” of the mysterious death of Laurence Duggan. The Mayor acted after receiving a telegram from former Undersecre tary of State Sumner Welles, who said he was convinced the death of the one-time State Department ex pert was not a suicide. Mr. Duggan plunged to his death Monday night from his 16th-floor offide_ just off Fifth avenue. The police will seek to find out whether he committed suicide, was the victim of an accident as his rel atives maintain, or was the object of foul play. Foul Play Hinted by M*undt. The suggestion that “foul play had figured in the plunge was made yesterday by Acting Chairman Mundt of the House Cmomittee on Un-American Activities. The committee earlier had re leased testimony linking Mr. Dug gan to a prewar Communist group in the State Department. Mr. Welles’ telegram to Mayor O'Dwyer read: "Laurence Duggan was for years one of my closest associates in the State Department and since I re ceived from him only yesterday (Monday) a letter written in the best of spirits, asking me to send him some suggestions in a mat ter in which he was interested, 11 find it impossible to believe his! death was self-inflicted. “I hope you will permit me to urge that every possible step be taken to: find out whether there may not be some other explanation.” The Mayor replied: “Police Commissioner (Arthur) Wallander has been directed to make a thorough investigation of all cir cumstances concerning the death of Laurence Duggan as requested by you. You have my personal assur ance that this will be done.” FBI Won’t Enter Case. At the same time, the Federal Bu reau of Investigation announced it will not enter the investigation of Mr. Duggan's death because it is a local police matter. Earlier, Stephen Duggan. Jr„ Laurence's brother, told a reporter, “There no motive at all for my| brother to have taken his life. “I believe he fell from the window when he went there for air after suffering an atack of nausea or something like that,” the brothei declared. “He had a weak stomach and had been ordered to drink milk through the day to keep it settled. “Also, he was a very tired man. I think he went back to work too soon after a back operation.” Mr. Duggan, an attorney, said he had examined Laurence's office and had found that his brother returned there Monday night after appoint ments elsewhere to sign his mail be fore going home. Planned Washington' Trip. “In this mail were several letters making appointments for the next few weeks,” he said. “He had planned to make a trip to Washing ton Tuesday with an associate at! the institute. “He had a wonderful family with \ four kids and he loved his-job. This investigation (by the FBIi didn't bother him. He was a fighter. He laughed at it." Mr. Mundt had said there was “more than a slight possibility of foul play' that might “lead directly to the Communist espionage con-j spirators." Later, he said, he had no evidence of his own to support; his suspicipns. Yesterday afternoon Whittaker, Chambers, ex-Communist courier, who purportedly once accused Mr. j Duggan of giving him confidential! (See DUGGAN. Page A-4.) I ; ....AND DON'T ^ FORGET THE MOST IMPORTANT GIFT OF ALL... y ...LIFE 'ttfimSAMDS Murray Fails to Obey Summons To Hearing Set by Rep. Hoffman Michigan Republican to Turn Over Case of CIO Chief to Justice Officials By James Y. Newton CIO President Philip t Murray made good his promise today by ignoring a subpoena issued by the House Labor Committee one man subcommittee. The one man, Representative Hoffman, Republican, of Michigan said he was turning the matter over to the Justice Department. The CIO chief had been ordered by Mr. Hoffman to testify this morning on the strike at the plant of the Shakespeare Co., makers of fishing tackle, at Kalamazoo. Mich. Three members of the CIO United Steelworkers, of which Mr. Murray also is president, were jailed yes terday for 60 days for refusing to answer a Kalamazoo grand jury's questoins about a December raid on the Shakespeare Co.’s plants. Mr. Murray was the only witness called for the hearing by Mr. Hoff man, and when he did not appear the one-man session was adjourned. Mr. Hoffman convened his hear ing, noted that Mr. Murray was not present and told reporters he was turning the case over to the Justice Department. “I have got a suspicion that the Justice ’Department will do nothing about it,” Mr. Hoffman said, add ing that he planned no further ac tion against Mr. Murray other than to heckle Congress about it “from day to day” through the next ses sion, “if I live and the chair recog nizes me.” In writing Mr. Hoffman that he iSee MURRAY, Page A-5.i Report Will Indicate Other Spy Inquiry Targets, Mundt Says House Group May Reveal 'Explosive' Testimony Given by Chambers By Robert K. Walsh The espionage report being proposed by the House Commit tee on Un-American Activities for week-end release will “point to other targets” the committee must investigate during the next year, Acting Chairman Mundt said today. Under a heading “unfinished busi ness,” the report probably will in clude “explosive” and hitherto un published testimony given by Whit taker Chambers either to the com mittee in closed session or in a pre trial deposition last month in Bal timore. Confident of Continuance. Declaring he is “highly confident" that the committee will be Continued in the Eighty-first Congress. Mr. Mundt said the report on the Hiss Chambers case and evidence of gen eral Communist spy activities in the Government will deal wtih the fol lowing points: 1. Names of and information on persons the committee will not have an opportunity to examine until after the perjury trial of Alger Hiss, former State Department official, Who was accused by Mr. Chambers of having giver* him confidential Government information before the war. 2. Legislation the committee be (SeeSPY INQUIRY, Page X-5J U. S. Files First Told Brunette Her Husband Had Wed Blond The files of the State Department, where she is employed, first revealed, to brunette Mrs. Margaret Garrett, 34. that her husband. Chief Petty, Officer Laurence Cash Garrett, 45. was already married to a blond when he married her, she testified in District Court today. Mrs. Margaret Garrett told Jus tice F. Dickenson Letts, who is trying her husband’s suit for an annulment that she discovered his marital duplicity in the passport files of the State Department. She has filed a cross complaint suit for divorce and it is being heard with the annulment suit. She became suspicious after a long distance telephone call to Chief Garrett in Atlanta was answered by a “Mrs. Garrett” and began a search of the files of pass port applications, Margaret said. "I found Ruth’s application for a passport,” she continued. Thp application was filed in 1939 when 40-.vear-old blond Ruth ac companied her seagoing husband toi China for a tour of duty in Hong Kong. Mrs. Margaret Garrett, who mar ried the Navy veteran on May 4, 1937, told Judge Letts she filed suit for divorce in May, 1946, after estab lishing that he had married Ruth 14' months before he married her. I Earlier, Chief Garrett admitted to the court that while he was on an equatorial cruise of the submarine .Pickerel in the spring of 1937, he wrote romantic letters to Margaret. He was recalled to the stand after Margaret positively identified a typewritten letter on the stationery of the U. S. S. Pickerel as a letter from her husband. He testified yes terday that he had no recollection of writing the letter. But Margaret produced several snapshots of ceremonies aboard the submarine when it crossed the Equa tor which were referred to in the letter, and Judge F. Dickinson Letts commanded Chief Garrett to take “a good look” at the missive and say whether he wrote it. 1 Chief Garrett looked at the letter for several minutes, whispered to his attorney, and then said: “Yes, I wrote it.” The letter informed Margaret that the Pickerel would come to Wash : ington early in May to get a gun i at the Naval. Gun Factory and prom ised her “we will step out one night and have a big time." In the letter, Chief Garrett told Margaret the submarine would go to Portsmouth, N. H., from Wash ington and there he would get 15 days’ leave and would return here l (See DIVORCE, Page A-2.) Flanders Urges Talks On Economy by Labor, Industry and Farmers Profits Hearing Closes; Senator Says Business Offered 'Good Case' A national conference of busi ness, labor and agriculture to seek agreement on Jong-range economic policies was favored today by Senator Flanders, Re publican, of Vermont after he had presided for two weeks over congressional hearings on cur rent corporation profits. The American Federation of La bor suggested such a meeting at the start of the hearings, and ex pressed hope the President would help arrange it early in the new year. Meanwhile, the Flanders group —a subcommittee of the Joint Economic Committee—set to work to see what conclusions could be drawn from the hearings. This committee, however, like all oth ers, is due to be reorganized as soon as the Democrats take con trol of Congress on January 3. Its present chairman. Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio, is likely to be succeeded by Senator O Ma honey, Democrat, of Wyoming. Re gardless of what immediate rec ommendations may grow out of the Flanders hearings, the com mittee will continue to study the wiiole economic picture after the Democrats take the reins. Sena tor O Mahoney also has indicated he favors a joint conference of la-.l bor management and farm leaders. Industry Made Good Case. Senator Flanders said industrial leaders “made a better case for their profits than I expected.” During the hearings spokesmen for various industries argfied that ! their profits are not too high—as consumer and labor groups con ; tend they are — because more money is needed to meet grow ing demand for still greater pro duction. Senator Flanders, however, add- j ed this observation to newsmen: "I am disturbed about the irre sistible growth of the big, efficient corporations. No matter how well they are justified they cannot (See PROFITS, Page A-57) j Big 4 Talks on Austria Expected in January By the Associated Press LONDON, Dec. 22.—The British (Foreign Office said today it expects imore Big Four talks on Austria (probably late in January. A spokesman said the office has; not yet received a formal request fori a resumption of negotiations from Samuel Reber of the American State Department. Mr. Reber was chair man of the last meeting and it is his duty to call the next session. The last conference broke down last spring over Russian demands for reparations and Yugoslav claims to Austrian territory. U. S. Plans to Slash Payrolls of AMG in Reich 60 Pet. in '49 Cutback Program Drafted Hire Is Being Taken to Germany by Clay Aide By the Associated Pres» BERLIN, Dec. 22.—A drastic slash in American Military Gov ernment operations in Germany is planned for 1949 to cut pay rolls by 60 per cent. The cutback has been drafted in : Washington by the Army Depart ment and Col. J. T. Duke, repre senting Gen. Lucius D. Clay, the American military governor in Germany. (This does not mean troops on occupation duty are being de duced. The AMG staff handles governmental administrative af fairs gradually being turned back to the Germans.i A responsible source said Col. Duke, who is expected to return to Berlin by plane late today, is bring ing with him final details of the 1949 plan. It is known to call for a 30 per cent reduction of AMG personnel in the spring and another 30 per cent later in the year. All military government organizations supplied from funds obtained by the Army by appropriation may be affected. Trimming of the military govern ment to top supervisors is a policy dependent to some extent, however, on the progress Western Germany makes toward becoming a federal state. * Gen. Clay said last week end that he hopes the federal state will be established by the middle of 1949. The present AMG staff is esti mated at 4,000 Americans. This is small compared to the British and French governmental organizations. The British have nearly three times as many officials in their zone. Army officials in Washington said any cutback in AMG operations in Germany would be gradual and they pointed out that the organization had been reduced gradually over the last year as additional duties were turned over to the Germans them selves. Any cutback next year, they said, will be contingent on the drafting •f a new constitution for the west ern zones.' A constitutional con vention is now sitting in Bonn. The percentage cutback will be decided by Gen. Clay rather than by the Army Department here, they said, and added that Col. Duke is not returning with any definite re duction program. When and if the Germans write a constitution acceptable to the oc cupying powers and take over addi tional governmental responsibilities, there still will remain a job of sur veillance for the Army's uniformed personnel for years to come, officials said. Greeks Slash Rebel Force ATHENS, Dec. 22 (£>!.—The Greek general staff today said national forces cut to pieces a small guer rilla force northwest of Drama, near the Bulgarian border. Syria Bans Life, Newsweek DAMASCUS, Dec. 22 <£>).—'The Syrian government today banned the American magazines Life and Newsweek because of what it termed “increased Zionist propaganda.’’ Tojo and Six Aides Are Hanged in Tokyo For Crimes of War Secret Executions in Sugamo Prison Take Only 35 Minutes By tht Associated Press TOKYO, Thursday, Dec. 23 Former Premier Hideki Tojo and six other Japanese warlords were hanged today for Japan’s crimes against humanity. The Army announced the seven went to their deaths on the gallows I in Sugamo Prison, where they had been held for more than two-and-a half years—during and after their long trial. Only Monday the United States Supreme Court closed the last pos sible door of escape. It found it was without authority to act on the appeals of two of them, Gen. Kenji Doihara and former Premier Koki Hirota, since it had no power to review the actions of the Interna tional Tribunal which condemned the seven and handed out prison terms to 18 of their co-defendants. (The Supreme Court today was asked to reconsider its decision in a petition filed shortly be fore word came from Tokyo that the seven had been hanged. The request was made by John G. Brannon of Kansas City, one of the attorneys who represented the Japanese before the court last week. He said the court had fail ed to consider the vital question of whether the President and military authorities had exceeded their authority under the Consti 1 tution. > No Details Given Out. The Army gave no details of the hangings. It promised to hand out | more information later to newsmen, who were not permitted to attend. In addition to Tojo the other six hanged were: Gen. Kenji Doihara, the Man churian plotter. Koki Hirota, former Premier. Gen. Seish Iro Itagaki, former war minister. I Gen. Heitaro Kumura, chief of the ! Japanese armies in Manchuria. Gen. Iwane Watsui, who com manded at the rape of Nanking. |. Lt. Gen. Akira Muto, chief of staff in the Philippines. Tire first of the condemned men dropped to his death at one minute past midnight today (10:01 a.m. EST). Who was the first to die and the order in which they went-were not indicated. It also was possible sev eral were hanged at once because the executions went off fast. The hangings were finished 35 minutes after midnight. Clergy Reported in Prison. A Buddhist priest and two Amer ican chaplains were reportedly in the prison for the executions since early Wednesday. Tojo survived his fellow dictators, 1 Adolf Hitler of Germany and Be nito Mussolinio of Italy, because of American medical skill. In September, 1945, as American troops came to arrest him, Tojo shot himself with a revolver. Quick medical attention and a transfusion of American whole blood saved him for the gallows. Tojo was the only one of the three to stand trial. Hitler supposedly died in the ruins of Berlin as the Russians clo ed in. Mussolini was killed by Italian Partisans. Col. Marion P. Echols, Gen. Mac ' Arthur's public information officer, apparently was at Sugamo Prison when the hangings took place. Capt. H. H. Hawkins, duty officer, said he received his information directly from Col. Echols, who may furnish the additional details. Court Sat 2 <4 Years. The seven were convicted of plot ting and waging aggressive war in the Pacific and the Far East. An 11-nation Allied tribunal sat in judgment on them for 2'3 years. Headquarters has announced that bodies of the former cabinet mem bers and military leaders will be cremated. To prevent enshrinement of the war criminals, their families will be denied the ashes, i • The United States 8th Army was 1 (See PROFITS, Page A-2.) Soldier, Bitten on Finger By Snake, Shoots It Off By the Associated Press ; HATTIESBURG, Miss., Dec. 22.— A 17-year-old soldier shot off a I finger yesterday after being bitten by a rattlesnake. The soldier, Pvt. Paul Douglas Carter, said he stepped on the snake while hunting near his home. Pvt. Carter is on leave from Brookley Air Force Basa at Mobile, Ala. He said the rattler struck him on the right index finger. He said he then insci ted his finger in the barrel of his.shotgun and fired left-handed. Amputation of the finger was com pleted at a clinic. A physician said no symptoms of snake bite were aparent after the amputation. Truman Leaves for Missouri; Plane Faces 70-M.P.H. Winds By th« Associated Press President Truman left by plane today for Independence, Mo., to spend Christmas. Accompanying him were a secre tarial staff and his personal physi cian, Brig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham; Mrs. Graham and the two Graham children. The presidential plane, Independ ence, took off at 10:07 a.m. Ordi narily it is a four-hour flight to Kansas City, but airport officials said that the plane would be bucking 70-mile-an-hour headwinds today. From Kansas City, the presidential party will drive to Independence. Mr. Truman left in a holiday mood. Just before boarding the plane, he waved to reporters and tne crowd seeing him off and said: “I hope Santa Claus brings you, everything you want." The President plans to return to Washington next Wednesday. He was not able to put away the cares of office entirely for his holiday. Along with presents for his family, he took with him a brief case full of work for himself. The paper work includes a three page meifforandum on the current economic situation, left with him yesterday by Dr. Edwin G. Nourse. chairman of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers. The briefcase also contains mate rial for his State-of-the-Union mes sage to the new Congress. He will work on some phases of that mes sage (luring his stay in Missouri. H1DEKI TOJO. —AP Photo. (Pictures of other executed Japs on Page A-4.) Chiang Gives Approval To Cabinet Committed To 'Honorable Peace' Reds Moving Closer to Yangtze; Situation in North Crumbling Fast By the Associated Press NANKING, Dec. 22.—General issimo Chiang Kai-shek gave the go-ahead today to a new cabinet committed to an “hon orable peace.” But prospects for peace’ in China are dim. Communist armies to the north rambled toward the Yangtze. Gen. Chiang's troops were in southward retreat. All of North China and the area of East Central China north of the Yangtze appeared doomed. Jumpy Nanking residents fretted. In this dark picture, Gen. Chiang approved a cabinet selected by Pre mier Sun Fo. The fact the cabinet was approved by Gen. Chiang was significant. Observers felt Gen. Chiang showed by this act that he was still boss of the Nationalist government and was not about to quit. Surrender Ruled Out. Dr. Sun announced Nationalist China "Would fight on until it could secure an honorable peace. Then he said there would be no surrender to the Communists. Observers felt some sort of a deal might be offered the Reds. Others felt the Com munists would not want to make peace with a government headed by Gen. Chiang. With the situation to the north crumbling fast, there was a possibil ity that the new cabinet may have to take to its heels soon. The next major Nationalist stand is expected to be at the Yangtze. Just what Gen. Chiang can throw at the Communists here in the way of military strength has not been shown. The vast area north of the Yang tze was being written off by some sources. Peiping and Tientsin held out against attacking armies, but both were isolated and appeared hopelessly lost. Battles raged outside both cities and the sound of gunfire could be heard within their limits. Nationalists Entrenched. Some reports here had the Na tionalists repulsing Red attacks on the outskirts of both cities. Claims of more than 1,000 Reds destroyed were made at Peiping headquarters. Central News said Nationalist troops were firmly entrenched southwest of Suchow. Other sources said thousands of government troops on the western flank of Pengpu joined a Nationalist retreat from the Hwai River line. Pengpu is 108 miles northwest of Nanking. Trav elers said there was no fighting north of the Hwai in East Central China. Among the members of the new Cabinet were Wu Te-chen. vice premier and foreign minister; Hsu' iYung-chang, minister of national defense; Hsu Kan. finance min jister; Yu Ta-wei, communications; 'Robert K. S. Lim, health; Shen Chang-huan, information; Mei Yi chi. education; Mei Juao, judiciary, and Ministers Without Portfolio Chang Chun, a former premier; Chang Chih-chung, Chen Li-fu and Wong Wen-hao. Navy Plane, Gas Low, Fights to Reach Coast By the Associated Press SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 22.—After having been reported down, a Navy plane stiy was trying to make the mainland today on a flight from Honolulu, with its fuel supply near ing exhaustion. The Navy said at 10 a.m. <PDT> that the pilot of the four-engined B-17 reported he had only 325 gal lons of gasoline, that he was burn ing 200 gallons an hour and was 3% hours out of San Francisco. Air Force, Ooast Guard and other Navy planes raced to a rendezvous. The Navy had reported earlier that the pilot actually had set his plane down on the sea. This was attributed to a garbled message. Subsequently it said the B-17 was known to be still in the air, but for how long was problematical. A Navy spokesman explained that it was standard ditching procedure not to expend all fuel, but to hit the water at full power and allow the plane to settle, instead of drop ping like a rock. The Coast Guard radioed that its planes had rendezvoused with the distressed plane at 9:45 a.m. (PDT> and were escorting the B-17 at '11,000 feet. The bomber was losing altitude, however.