Newspaper Page Text
Mostly sunny, cold and windy today; high in middle 20s. Fair and coid tonight with low about 14. Tomorrow fair and cold with rising temperature in afternoon. Noon _32 6 p.m. .—24 11 p.m. 19 2 p.m. ...33 8 p.m. ...21 Midnight 18 4 p.m. —.31 10 p.m. ...19 1 a.m. ...17 Home Delivery The Evening and Sunday Star is delivered by carrier to all subscribers at $1.20 per month when 4 Sundays; $1.30 per month when 5 Sundays. Night Final edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per month. Telephone ST. 5000. An Associoted Press Newspopgr 96th Year. No. 360. WASHINGTON, 1). C., DECEMBER 26, 1948-112 PAGES Washington rp-r,,XT r,TrXrrFQ Elsewhere •nd Suburbs -Ll^XLi±\XlO. is CENTS Dutch Defy U.N., Capture Nearly Whole of Java Last Major Republican City Taken; Troops Advance in Sumatra By the Associated Press BATAVIA, Java, Dec. 25.— Dutch troops today captured Madioen. the last major city of the Indonesian Republic, and seized almost all of Java despite a United Nations cease-fire order. Other Netherlands units had gained or were within reach of the major productive area of Sumatra. In a week of fighting, the poorly equipped Republican army has been pushed back into wild mountain re gions. Split up and without commu nications, it is no longer an organ ized fighting force. Whether the Republicans have retained enough strength to mount damaging guer rilla attacks against the Dutch re mains to be seen. A Christmas Day communique by the Netherlands announcing the capture of Madioen told of Dutch sweeps throughout Java. Madioen. a communications center, is 85 miles east of fallen Jogjakarta, the former Republican capital. Approach South Coast. The Dutch also took Kediri, 30 miles southeast of Madioen, the communique said. They now have advanced 80 miles southward from their north coast landing place at Toeban and are within 30 miles of the south coast in that region of Central Java. Other Netherlands units, operat ing immediately north and west of Madioen. captured Ngawi and Ma gatan. Mopping up continued around Magelang and S'oerakarta, the bul letin said. Mobile Dutch forces captured Tawangmanggoe, 18 miles southeast of Soerakarta, and Wonogiri. 32 miles east of Jogjakarta. All of these sweeps in Central Java gave the Dutch important highway and rail links and made the isolation of Jogjakarta more nearly complete. One Dutch fighter plane failed to return from a flight over Central Java, the communique said. The Dutch scored major gains in' Western Java. Anjer Lor, 20 miles west of Sevang. was captured, the communique said. The town had been a ferrying point for Repub licans moving between the isolated western extremity of Java and" Su matra. Netherlands units seized Pandeg land, 33 mlies southwest of Batavia, and Rangkasbitoeng, 10 miles fur ther east, the communique said. The Dutch have cut clear across Western Java and taken Bajah on the south coast. Mopping Up on Sumatra. On Sumatra, Dutch troops began the mopping up of territory occupied during the past week. They also took Sidikalang. northwest of Lake Toba, and Sibolga on the west coast. Te U. N. Good Offices Committee asked Netherlands and Republican delegation to provide immediate in formation on what steps had been taken to implement the cease-fire order issued yesterday by the Secu rity Council in Paris. A Dutch spokesman said the committee's let ter was relayed to The Hague for action. Dr. Supomo of the Republican delegation said the Security Coun cil's order “has no meaning for the Republic since its leaders have been captured and the government is un able to function.” He said that President Soekarno. Premier Mohamed Hatta and other members of the Republican govern ment will have to be “set up again in Jogjakarta” before the Republic can fulfill obligations requested by the Good Offices Committee. The Security Council’s order de manded an immediate termination of the fighting and release of the Republican leaders who were cap tured when Jogjakarta fell in the first hours of the Dutch attack. The order does not ask the Dutch to (See INDONESIA”Page A-4j Rector Boy's Condition Is Changed to Critical The condition of 4-year-old Mi chael Rector, who has been fighting for his life after 70 per cent of his body was burned November 12, was changed to critical at Casualty Hos pital early today. The boy has undergone at least two skin graftings and rallied no ticeably, but a toxic condition de veloped. He is a son of Mr. and Mrs. Everett Rector, 617 Ellifctt street N.W. Airlift Delivers Hope and Load of Corn to Berlin By the Associated Press BERLIN, Dec. 25.—'The airlift de Uvered Bob Hope and 10 tons of canned corn to Berlin today. The Air Force announced both were unloaded at 3:25 a.m. The famed comic flew into the blockaded city after doing a Christ mas Eve show for American airmen In Wiesbaden. He was in two per formances today at the Titania Palast, biggest theater in the Ameri can sector. Sharing the spotlight will be Irving Berlin, Jane Russell and Jinx Falkenberg. Several -American notables spent the Yuletide in Berlin. Among them were Vice President-elect Barkley, Air Secretary Symington and Army Secretary Roy all. Radio Programs, Page C-8 v Complete index, Poge A-2 j Reds List Chiang and 44 Aides For 'War Crimes' Punishment Koo, Envoy Here, Included in Group; Must Penalty' Is Not Specified By th* Associated Pres* SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 25.— The Chinese Communist radio today broadcast a list of 45 Chi nese government leaders and military men it said were “war criminals well known for their heinous crimes, who all Chinese agree should receive the just penalty.” Heading the list, as might have been expected, was Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Mme. Chiang also was named. The “just penalty” was not speci fied. Most of the names were not sur prising, but the list included Vice President Li Tsung-jen, who has been mentioned in China specula tion as a possible peace negotiator, and former Premier Chang Chun, also mentioned as a peace advocate. Others on the list included Gen. Chiang's brothers-in-law. H. H. Kung and T. V. Soong. both former premiers; Wellington Koo, ambas sador to Washington: all top gov ernment military commanders and a wide range of political figures. The Communist radio attributed this list to ‘an authoritative per [sonage" at Communist headquar ters in Shensi province, but reiter ated that it was incomplete and that a fuller list would “have to be worked out by all circles through the country.” First say on war criminals, it -added, should be given to the Com munist army. For example, it cited Gen. Huang Wei, “commander of the 12th army group wh'ose use of poison gas in battle fully qualifies him as a war criminal.” The Communists earlier in the week reported they had destroyed Gen. Huang's army group, but W'hat happened to him is not clear. The poison gas charge is an old one, bandied back and forth by both sides but never substantiated by either.” The broadcast went on to de nounce Gen. Fu Tso Yi of Peiping in the bitterest terms, saying he “is a public enemy” who had "butchered the people like cattle” and "is a first-class war criminal like Chiang.” The broadcast again threatened “due punishment,” without specify ing its nature, but said Gen. Fu could "lessen his fate somewhat” if <See~CHINA, Page A~-4J Arab Air Raid Follows Order by Israel for Complete Blackout Alert Lasts Hour and Half In Tel Aviv; 3 Children Are Killed by Bomb By the Associated Press TEL AVIV, Israel, Dec. 25.— Arab planes bombed Israel to night, a few hours after a com plete and unrestricted blackout was ordered for the whole Jewish state, it was officially announced. Air raid sirens sounded in Tel Aviv and the alert lasted more than an hour and a half. It was officially stated that a few bombs were dropped on the "coastal plain,” but no- damage was reported. The Jewish blackout order was broadcast urgently over Israeli ra dio stations late today following recent air raids at or near Haifa, lyazareth, Jericho and Gaza. < Israeli blackouts previously were #%stricted to the battle areas. In Nazareth, now Jewish-held. the famed Christian Church of the An nunciation was blacked out during the annual Christmas midnight mass after planes raided Northern Palestine. Three Children Killed. Three children were killed and five were injured when the planes scored a direct hit on a children’s horpf in a Jewish settlement near Nazareth. An Israeli army spokes man said* the bombing attack, car ried out just before midnight, was made by Egyptian planes. The raids occurred in a section of the Holy Land that has been quiet for weeks under the United Nations truce. (A Jericho dispatch said a lone, unidentified plane dropped three bombs near Jericho Friday night. No damage or injuries inflicted. i Arab Legion and U. N. sources said the plane, presumably Jewish, circled the town for five minutes and then dropped one bomb. The plane then passed over King Abdullah’s winter palace in Shune, Trans-Jordan, and drop ped two more bombs on the banks of the River Jordan. fThe size of the craters indi cated the bombs might have been 500-pounders, U. N. observers said), Israel Denies Air Activity, An Israeli spokesman denied that Jewish planes had flown over the Shune Palace and dropped two bombs near the Jordan. Thes pokesman said there was no Israeli plant over Trans-Jordan territory and no air activity during the day. He added that "all is quiet” on all fronts. (In Cario, however, the Egyo tian Ministry of War and Marine said last night that fighting con tinued in Southern Palestine and that a Jewish plane fell in flames. A Ministry statement said: "An exchange of fire on the battlefield i in Southern Palestine) continued today with artillery and other weapons. Zionist planes raided some of our positions and were met with out antiaircraft fire. One enemy plane was seen fall ing ablaze”) The planes which bombed the Nazareth district first appeared over Haifa and the town of Naz areth itself. They were driven away from both places by anti aircraft fire. An Israeli spokesman said no churches or holy places were hit. Church Blacked Out. The raiders did not interfere ] with the assembling of Christian worshipers who were gathering for the midnight service at the Church of the Annunciation. However, the tow’n was blacked out when the pilgrims arrived and in the middle of the mass the church itself was blacked out. It was the first time in history that the bells of the Nazareth Church had tolled on Christmas Eve under Jewish authority. In Cairo, Abdel Rahman Azzam Pasha, secretary general of the, seven-nation Arab League, told newsmen the league has asked the Arab government to resume fighting I in the Holy Land in co-operation with the Egyptian army. He said he had sent the govern-1 ments a note to this effect follow ing what he called the recent Jewish truce violation against the Egyptian army in Southern Palestine. Azzam Pasha said Syria and Saudi Arabia already have replied that I they are ready to carry out Arab League decisions. He pointed out the league decided last month that all the Arab armies should fight if the - rSeePALESTINE.PageA1^ 2 More Are Marooned On Icecap in Fourth Effort to Save Flyers Carrier Saipan Sails From Norfolk With Helicopters To Assist in Rescue By the Associated Press Two more flyers yesterday joined the 11 already stranded on the Greenland icecap for more than two weeks, and the aircraft carrier Saipan steamed out of Norfolk, Va., with helicop ters to attempt to rescue the 13 men. The two additional flyers were marooned when the tow rope on their pickup glider broke during a Christmas Day rescue attempt. It was the fourth attempt to get the men off the ice in a glider “snatch” operation. Three banana-shaped helicopters, largest ever to land on an aircraft carrier, were taken aboard the Sai pan before she left on the four day voyage. The vessel also is carry ing two other helicopters. Air Force Expands Effort. The Navy expedition is in addi tion to expanding effort of the Air \ Force to get its own men out of the ice trap. Reports to Army authorities at St. Johns, Newfoundland, said the 13 men were well. The three big helicopters put aboard the Saipan yesterday are from a Marine squadron at Quan tico, Va. Frank C. Piasecki of Phil adelphia, head of the company which built them, predicted they will reach the stranded men. The two other helicopters, built experimentally by the Sikorsky Di vision of United Aircraft, Bridge port, Conn., are single-rotor ma chines. The three, larger ones are twin-rotor craft. Departing at about 1 p.m., the crew of the Saipan expected to trav el at about 30 knots which w'ill re quire four days to reach Greenland The Navy and Marines hoped to gain knowledge about cold weather helicopter and carrier operation dur ing the trip,, in addition to saving the icebound 13. New Attempts Planned. Two newr Air Force efforts to get the marooned men out may be un derway before the Saipan can get there. A C-82 “flying boxcar” carrying a partially knocked-down Cessna ci vilian plane equipped with skis lor a landing on the ice took off from Wichita, Kans., yesterday morning, headed for the icecap via Selfridge Air Force Base, Mich. Barring mis haps and bad weather. Air Force officers here said the Cessna might reach the rescue base in southern, Greenland sometime this morning.; How long it will take to get the ski-equipped plane back together and flying, officers were unable to sav. Two technical men furnished by the builders of the plane went along for that job. In command of that effort will be (See RESCUE, Page A-9J 40-Mile Gusts Send Mercury To Season's Low White Christmas Misses Capital by Only 30 Miles • The coldest weather of the season swept into the District last night—a frigid reminder of the Christmas snow that almost came but didn’t. As early as 5:10 p.m., the mercury slipped below the fall-winter previ ous low of 26 degrees set December 11. and the Weather Bureau looked for a drop to 15 degrees before morn ing. A cold and windy Sunday was forecast and tonight the tempera ture is expected to drop to 14. A fair day with rising temperatures is forecast for tomorrow. The drop in temperature came gradually yesterday, receding from a peak of 34 at 2 p.m. It fell off an 1 average of two degrees an hour un til 7 p.m., with the most precipi tour decline coming between 4 and 5, when the dip was 5 degrees. At 1 a.m. today, the temperature was 17 above zero. Many Motorists Stranded. ' The worst of the cold was felt by automobile owners unaware of the steady temperature decline. The American Automobile Association was swamped with telephone calls for assistance, mostly from motorists who found the fuel lines of their! cars had frozen while they were en joying the holiday. Up to 9 p.m., 502 calls had come from stranded motorists. Many drivers were aroused to the emergency in time and gasoline sta tions that were open did a rushing business with motorists seeking j antifreeze. For the first time this season, po licemen on beats from midnight to 8 a.m. abided by the regulation per mitting them to split the eight hours between walking their beats four hours and remaining in the precinct station the other four, subject to emergency call. The order goes into effect when the temperature drops below 20 degrees. To say the snow missed the city altogether yesterday would be to contest the bureau's report of what it called a “trace,” but it might as well have defaulted so far as any "white Christmas” was concerned. But through the blustery day of wind gusts up to 41 miles per hour. Washington loafed through the homey kind of Christmas that keeps people off the streets. Chill Winds Dispel Clouds. There was the cheer of brightly shtning trees and illuminated wreaths peeking from windows to brighten a day that was gloomy with morning clouds, swept away later by chill-bringing winds. It was a day apart from war, when the Prince of Peace was wor shipped in the churches and in the hearts of carolers, and when festive, dinners and merry shouts of chil- i dren rededicated each home. President Truman, taking part In lighting of the Christmas tree on the south lawn of the White House, had sounded the day’s theme in saying from Independence. Mo.: "I am working for peace, and I shall continue to work for peace.”, Need for Peace Reassurance. Peace was abundant this day but there was still the real need for a reasurring message for those who had been through, or sent their children through two wars. Hundreds of persons left home long enough yesterday to visit the White House tree where 2,000 were gathered Christmas eve for the lighting rites. Next to Christmas talk itself, weather perhaps was the livest sub ject, especially among children who had expected to go sledding on Christmas Day. Not in 13 years had there been a ~ (See CHRISTMAS. Page A-4.) Philippines Extends Control Over Exports By the Associated Press MANILA, Dec. 25 —President El pidio Quirino todaj* extended by executive order export controls w'hich were due to have expired January 1. The president acted under hold over wartime emergency powers after the Philippine Congress failed to extend the export-control law. Stove Blast Kills Child Opening Holiday Gifts, Injures Parents \ Girl, 8, Dies in Fire; Sisters, 7 and 2, Are Saved by Mother A scene of Christmas happi ness in a little white bungalow in nearby Prince Georges Coun ty, Md., was transformed into tragedy yesterday when an oil stove explosion killed an 8-year old girl and severely injured both her parents. Dead is Margaret Lusby. third grade student in the Clinton Ele mentary School, who had looked foiward eagerly to Christmas morn ing. In Casualty Hospital are Mr. and Mrs. Grover Lusby, both 29. He: has severe burns on the face and lacerations of the right hand, right arm and left thigh. Mrs. Lusby also has severe burns on her face and back, received when she turned back into the flames trying to reach Mar garet pfter leading her two younger children to safety. The three children—Margaret and Barbara, who is 7, and Dorothy, 2— awakened their parents early yes terday as they opened their Christ mas gifts and shouted with glee around the gaily decorated Christ mas tree in .the bungalow on Wood yard road. I Margaret had the toy type^iter MARGARET LUSBY. Victim of Tragedy. she had yearned for; Dorothy had a doll and a doll house and tiny Dorothy had her own little table and chairs. • Santa Claus had been kind. * It had been a good year for the Lusbys. They are tenant farmers on the farm of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Sweeney, about three miles from j Andrews Field. “Buck” Lusby is a hard working young man and the (See EXPLOSION, Page Alp i Last But Not Least Probability of Spies ' Now in Government To Be Cited in Report Statement One of Three To Be Issued by House Committee This Week By Miriam Ottenberg The probability of Communist spies in the Government at the present time will be stressed in the forthcoming espionage re port of the House Committee on Un-American Activities, it was learned last night. „ The espionage report, focusing on the theft of highly confidential documents from the State De partment in prewar days, will be one of three due this week from the committee or Its members. Dovetailing with this report will be one on Communists in Gov ernment and another on proposed committee procedures—a nine-point. program to answer some)of the criti cisms leveled at the committee. The espionage report, Acting Chairman Mundt said last night.: will propose legislation aimed at balking current efforts of Com munists to steal secret documents for Moscow. Stern Punishments Sought. | The proposed legislation will com bine recommendations to take ade-! quate security steps with stern j punishments for Government offi-; cials who knowingly hire Commun ists and for Communists who seek Government jobs. “We do not believe espionage stopped when Whittaker Chambers left the Communist Party,” Mr. Mundt declared. This was a reference to the ex Communist wfho has admitted he served as a Communist courier and who gave the committee new and important information recently. Mr. Chambers has said he renounced communism In 1938. Mr. Mundt said the forthcoming espionage report will point out that there are more reasons for Commu nists to penetrate the Government now than during the war when they could have obtained much of their information legitimately. Miss Bentley Cited. He recalled that an admitted ex Communist, Miss Elizabeth Bentley has told the committee she was a Communist courier during the war, dealing with several espionage rings among Government employes. "If they thought it important to create this espionage organization during the war when they were our allies,” Mr. Mundt said, "there is no question that the Communists are striving harder now. “There is no question that there are Communists in the United States, no question that some Com munists are still employed in the Government. “Who can say whether there is1 another Elizabeth Bentley or Whit-| taker Chambers or some other cour ier passing along information at this time?” Will Point to Opportunities. Mr. Mundt said the espionage re- j port would cite the opportunities at the present time for an/espionage network to function in the Gov ernment. The suggested code of procedure, which Mr. Mundt and Representa tive Nixon, Republican, of Califor nia. will put out jointly, is expected to be ready by midweek. It will recommend a form of cross-examination by permitting witnesses to submit written ques tions to be asked their accusers. It will also propose that names of the accused be given first in execu tive session. In the event that the names come out publicly, it will recommend that an immediate op-! portunity be given to the accused to defend themselves at a public hear ing. News Coverage to Be Studied. The Mundt-Nixon recommenda tions also will raise a question about: the news coverage permitted at open hearings and will recommend that the committee in the 81st Congress1 study the question of how much space at a public hearing should be given to reporters, radio, photogra phers, newsreels and television. Many of . the committee's pro- j cedures have come in for criticism1 but one that brought concerted at tacks from a variety of sources— I including some committee members “(.See SPY INQUIRY, Page Modernized Electoral System Supported by 51 Senators Survey Shows 34 Favor Amendment To Split State Vote; 27 Still Undecided By Chalmers M. Roberts At least 51 Senators in the new Congress which meets next week are in favor of modernizing the system of electing the President and Vice President. This was indicated in a poll of Senators, including the newly elected and holdovers. Eighty of the 9S are represented in the check by The Star. Of the 51 jvho answered that they favor some type of action, 34, by far the biggest group—favor, or at least are Inclined to favor, the proposed Lodge - Gossett Constitutional amendment. This amendment would abolish the electoral college and divide the electoral votes of each State according to the division of the popular vote in that State, in stead of the present winner-take all system. Another six would go even fur ther and have the voters choose the President by a straight Nation-wide popular vote. The remaining 11 who favor some sort of reform in the present system are not certain just what form it should take. Two Senators expressed outright op position to any change. Since it takes a two-thirds vote of each house (as well as ratifica tion by three-fourfrhs of the 48 State legislatures) to write an amendment into the Constitution, a reform measure would need 64 Senate votes, assuming all 96 Senators were present and voting. Thus the poll makes clear that the move for reform, given impetus by the comparitive closeness of the re cent Presidential election under the present system, will have to pick up additional votes from the 27 Sen ators who declared they either were undecided, open to conviction or had (See ELECTORAL, Page A-9.i Pullen Reports to Lane On Probe of Red Tinge In Montgomery Texts Attacks Miles' Statement, Defends School Board Choice of Volumes * By J. B. Zatman A report on charges that Com munistic propaganda is con tained in Montgomery County school textbooks was presented to Gov. Lane of Maryland yester day. The 11-page typewritten report, along with a voluminous sheaf of correspondence, was submitted to the Governor by Dr. G. Pullen, jr., State superintendent of education. The investigation was asked Sep tember 2, nearly three months lifter Franklin T. Miles, Chevy Chase attorney, made the charges before the county commissioners in Rock ville. He referred specifically to books written by Harold O. Rugg, the Bruner-Smith Social Studies books and the "Building America” series. He also accused officials of Mont gomery Blair High School, Silver Spring, of permitting Mrs. Alek sandra Pavlovna Lewis, of Washing ton, to make a pro-Russian talk to the students March 26, 1947. Mr. Miles, who lives at 15 Virgilia street, said that although four Western High School students walked out during a talk by Mrs. Lewis there on May 6, 1947, no one at Montgomery Blair High voiced any objection to her "propaganda.” Miles' Refusal to Appear Stressed. This, Mr. Miles told the com missioners, “leads to the natural i assumption that the students at Montgomery Blair already had been so completely indoctrinated that they found nothing objectional in such propaganda.” Dr. Pullen laid stress on Mr: Miles’ refusal to appear before him in Baltimore and repeat his charges under oath while county education officials had come to his office vol untarily to answer the attorney’s accusations. He also criticized Mr. Miles for writing to the State Commission on Subversive Activities. Copies of correspondence be tween Dr. Pullen and Mr. Miles showed that the attorney wrote last September 26 he would be unable to comply with the super intendent's request to come to Bal timore October 5 because of his work. Alternate Proposal Offered. As an alternative, Mr. Miles sug gested in his letter that a meeting be held at Leland Junior High School. Chevy Chase, and that the County Board of Education and the public be invited to attend. In reply, Dr. Pullen demanded that Mr. Miles appear before him at 3 p.m. October 5. adding that the attorney’s refusal “will be as sumed as an unwillingness on your part to substantiate your chafes.” Mr. Miles then sent a telegram reiterating his inability to leave his work during the day, but again offering to meet with Dr. Pullen (See TEXTBOOKS, P$ge A-3.) Hoover Group Urged To Delay Labor Plan, Await Congress Policy Taylor Report Stresses Changing Views on Taft-Hartley Law By James Y. Newton The Hoover Commission on re organization of the Government has been advised against a re shuffling of the Federal labor agencies until Congress, through legislation, has outlined new na tional labor policy, it was learned last night. The advice is contained in a re port made for the commission by Dr. George W. Taylor, one-time chairman of the War Labor Board and now professor of labor rela tions at the University of Pennsyl vania. He was asked by Sidney A. Mitchell, commission executive di rector, to make general recommen dations as to where the various labor agencies should be placed. Dr. Taylor's report is held im portant because of President Tru man's promise to build up and strengthen the Labor Department, and the several-sided controversy which has developed over the cam paign of department officials to take over a dozen or so agencies which now are either independent or attached to other Federal out fits. The Federal Mediation' and Conciliation Service and the Na jtional Labor Relations Board are among them. While the Hoover staff will not make a.special survey of the labor agency situation, at least two of the task force studies touched on the , subject. The study of welfare agen cies, for example, recommends trans fer from the Federal Security Agency of the unemployment compensation division and the United States Em ployment Service. The report on the regulatory agencies says the NLRB should remain independent. Labor Policy in State of Change. The commission itself probably will confine its recommendations in the labor field to suggestions of the two task forces. Dr. Taylor’s lengthy report points out that national labor policy is in a state of change since the new Congress will act either to repeal or make important modifications in the Taft-Hartley Act. He warned that the agencies should not be shifted until the new policy is set. The report makes the following recommendations: 1. A conference of labor, manage ment and public representatives to guide the drafting of Federal labor legislation, and hence, the establish ment of Federal policy toward labor management relations. 2. After the legislation is adopted appointment of a labor-manage ment-public board to decide within the established new policy where the various labor agencies should be permanently stationed. Dr. Taylor emphasized that any recommendation of the Hoover group as to organization of the Labor Department should be made; only after thorough consultation (See LABOR, Paf^ A-9.) I Waste Charged In Health Setup; Merger Urged Hoover Report Asks Transfer of Military And VA Hospitals By Francis P. Douglas Multi-million dollar waste and duplication in medical services was pictured in a report yester day by the Hoover Commission which recommended a sweeping reorganization of Government health services. The report recommended the transfer to a new National Bu reau of Health of the following: 1. All Veterans Administration Hospitals. 2. Most of the hospitals of the armed services with the excep tion of outlying station hospitals. 3. The 56 hospitals of the United States PubliC Health Service. The report is the work of the commission’s Committee on Medi cal Services, headed by Assistant Secretary of War Tracy S. Voor hees. Dr. Paul R. Hawley, former chief medical director of the Veterans Administration, is a committee member. Under New Cabinet Office. The proposed health bureau would be a part of a new Cab inet office of health, education and security which would include the Federal Security Agency. The committee, known as a "task force,” said it was instructed to proceed on the assumption that the Hoover Commission—the Commission on Reorganization of the Executive Branch—would recommend such a Cabinet de partment. The committee's report, which former President Hoover, chairman of the commission, said does "not necessarily” represent the commis sion's final conclusions, detailed a "partem of duplication of physical facilities, waste of scarce medical personnel * * * and unwarranted construction of new facilities.” All this, the report set out, re sulted "primarily from the lack of a central plan for Federal medical care.” Co-ordination Found Lacking. "Finally,” the report continued, “it ; is plain • * * that the Federal Government lacks any means of co lordinating the medical programs of •the separate agencies.” The report underscored the mag nitude of the Government's medical | problem by stating that the Gov | ernment now is responsible for med 1 ieal care, in varying degrees, for 24.000. 000 persons, or about one sixth of the Nation's population. It said that in 1948 more than 44 Fed eral agencies will spend about $1, 250.000. 000 for health and medical services. In 1949, the report said, the Vet erans Administration alone will spend as much on medical services as all Federal services spent on such services in 1948, one-half of which will be spent for construction of new VA hospitals. “The Federal Government," the report said, "is assuming uncalcu lated obligations without any un derstanding of their ultimate cost, the lack of necessary manpower to cany them out, or their adverse effect upon the hospital system of the country.” Hospital Duplication Cited. In citing specific wagte and dupli cation, the report told of huge new hospitals built by one Federal agency although nearby hospitals operated by another Government agency had plenty of space. Literally dozens of Federal hos pitals, the report said, could be shut down and their patients shifted to other uncrowded quarters. It mentioned a new $14,800,000 permanent Navy cancer hospital being constructed at St. Albans, N. Y., with equipment described as the largest ever built for cancer therapy, and added: "We question why the care of cancer patients, except superficial cases, should be a responsibility of the armed forces at all.” Must Draft Doctors. The armed forces, according to ;the report, will have to draft doc tors to meet its requirements. The proposed hospital consolidation will reduce greatly the medical require ments of the armed forces but not) sufficiently to avert a draft, the re port said, adding: “The draft should be limited for the present to A. S. T. P. (Army Special Training Program) and j (Navy) V-12 graduates who have rendered no service—of which there is a pool of about 8,500—and there after to others who have been de ferred to pursue their medical edu cation.” St, Elizabeths Hospital in Wash ington would be part of the new' hospital setup, under the "task i Continued on Page A-7, Column 1.) Pilot in Trouble 'Talked' to Safety By Lord'sPrayer By th* Associated Press ELGIN, 111., Dec. 25.—Dr. and Mrs. 1 John Fuqua of Elgin said a letter from their soldier son was a real Christmas story. Their son. Sergt. John W. Fuqua, jjr., 19, is stationed at Fairbanks, Alaska, where he is in charge of the radio and direction finder equip ment at Ladd Field. They said his letter told of a fast Army pursuit plane which was lost in the fog while the direction-finder equipment was out of order. Sergt. Fuqua urged the pilot of the plane, which was running out of gas, to keep talking so he could get a “fix'* on his position. The pilot complied and Sergt. Fuqua directed the plane to the field just as the gas ran out. The mono logue the pilot kept up for several minutes was the Lord's Prayer.