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Sunny, with highest about 37 today. Tonight fair, not so cold, with lowest about 22. To morrow cloudy and milder. (Full report on Page A-2.) Midnight..17 5:02 a.m,-.14 11 a.m-28 2 a.m_16 8 a.m_17 Noon-31 4 a m_15 10 a.m_24 1 p.m.32 Late New York Markets, Page A-U Guide for Readers Page. Amusement -B-16 Comics.B-14-15 Editorial _A-6 Editorial Articles A-7 Finance _A-ll Lost and Found-_A-3 I Page. Obituary ._A-10 Radio . _B-15 Society, Clubs_B-3 Sports ..A-8-9 Where to Go_B-4 Woman Page...B-19 An Associa'ed Press Newspaper 96th Year. No. 361. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1948-TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. City Home Delivery, Dally and Sunday. $1.20 a Month. When S sj PTrUTfi Sundays. $1.80. Nlaht Pinal Edition. $1.30 and $1.40 per Month ** VjHiX'V J. O Welles Improves From Shock of Long Exposure Diplomat's Condition, Still Serious; Fingers And Toes Frost-Bitten Sumner Welles today was re ported “conscious and continuing to improve” as doctors fought to combat the effects of hours of exposure in a frozen field almost 2 miles from his home near Oxon Hill, Md. The 56-year-old former Undersec retary of State was found uncon scious in the field early yesterday. His fingers and toes were frost bitten and he was stiff from ex posure. The temperature went down to 15 degrees in the city during the night and probably was much lower in the country. After visiting Mr. Welles at Casu-; alty Hospital today, his physician,1 Dr. George R. Huffman, said the; former diplomat’s condition is not SUMNER WELLES. —Associated. Press Photo. critical but must be classified as serious for the next few days to de-; termine how large an area of Mr. Welles’ hands and feet have been endangered by frostbite. A specialist. Dr. J. Ross Veal, has been called in | for consultation, Dr. Huffman said. ! “No Mysterious Circumstances.” The physician noted that Mr. Welles’ fingers and toes have shown considerable improvement I since yesterday, but he did not rule j out the possibility that amputation may become necessary. Pvt. Lawrence Riddlebarger, who Is investigating for the Prince Georges County police, said today he had found “no mysterious cir cumstances.” This amended his earlier statement that “there’s; something wrong someplace.” Both Dr. Huffman and the po liceman said they had found no evidence of foul play. So far. Pvt. Riddlebarger said, he has not been able to question Mr. Welles. A son, Arnold Welles, said the fam ily believes Mr. Welles suffered a heart attack while out walking. He was stricken w’ith a heart ailment' 18 years ago and has been under treatment since. Heart Shows Heavy Strain. ' Dr. Huffman said he could not tell from the condition of Mr. Welles’ heart whether he had suffered an attack, but he said Mr. Welles’ heart shows the effect of heavy strain which could be attributed to the shock of prolonged cold. He said Mr. Welles complained yesterday of pains in his chest, sometimes a symptom of a heart attack. The official hospital bulletin on Mr. Welles’ condition at 1 p.m. was: “Continues to improve. Other ob servations in a couple of days.” When found by a 10-year-old boy and his farmer father, Mr. Welles lay on his side in a field bordering the 6600 block of Livingston road S.E. Mr. Welles’ clothes were en crusted with ice, dirt and sand, leading investigators to believe he had fallen into a creek less than 100 feet from where he was found. Police and rescue squad members; (See WELLES, Page A-3.) Last of 18 Crewmen Taken Off Severed Ship (Picture on Page A-10.) ly t>t« Associated Press NORFOLK, Va„ Dec. 27.—All 18 crewmen of the Argentine mer chant tanker El Capital have been rescued by two Coast Guard cut ters, the Coast Guard announced today. The rescue operations by the cut ters, the Cherokee and the Agassiz, were completed at 8:50 a.m. today when the Agassiz removed the re maining two survivors from the tanker’s severed stern section. Sixteen of the crewmen were res cued from the vessel's bow section by the Cherokee after the El Cap itan broke up in heavy seas yester day while under tow from Savannah to Baltimore. Coast Guard officials said 14 of the crew were Argentine sailors and the other 4 were Americans. After an all night search, the Cherokee this morning messaged she had found the stern tossing helplessly in the tumultous Atlantic off the North Carolina coast. The stern was located 70 miles south southeast of where she broke in two. The bow section was still under tow of the tug Tern and was headed toward Norfolk. Low of 18 Gives Britain Coldest Day of Year ly the Associated Press LONDON, Dec. 27.—Britain had Its coldest day of the year today. Temperatures sank to a low of 28 In London and to 18 at Mildenhall, northeast of London. Two hurdle race meetings were postponed because of the frozen ground, and several rugby and soc cer games were called off. Fore casters ?»id higher temperatures and rain are on the way. Mercury Climbing, May Pass Freezing Point After Dip to 14 Five Deaths in Area Attributed to Cold; Man Huddling at Stove Fatally Burned Shivering Washington resi dents detached themselves from radiators and firesides today as a warming sun sent tempera tures climbing toward a predicted maximum well above freezing. Police listed five deaths in this area as attributable to tire freezing weather. One man was fatally burned w’hen he huddled close to a stove to get warm and his clothing caught fire. In the Baltimore area two were reported dead from ex posure. The official thermometer at Wash ington Airport dropped to 14 de grees at 5:02 o’clock this morning, and went even lower in suburban areas. But the Weather Bureau said this afternoon’s high would be about 37. The prediction for to night’s low was 22 degrees, and milder weather was forecast for to morrow. The 14-degree minimum today was the coldest so far this season. But the record low so far in 1948 was 5 degrees last January 26. The record low for December 27 was established in 1914 when the thermometer got down to 2 degrees. The lowest temperature reported in the suburbs was 4 degrees at Riverdale, Md. Huntington Ter race, Md., reported a low of 11 degrees. These minimum® were established at three Virginia points: Falls Church, 9; Annandale, 8, and Chantilley, 8. In contrast, the low reading at the Weather Bureau of fice at Twenty-fourth and M streets N.W. in Washington was only 17. Police listed the death of Andrew Johnson. 87, colored, of 142 D street S.E., as attributable to an effort to keep warm. Huddling over a stove at 10 a.m. yesterday his clothing caught fire and he was seriously burned. He died at Casualty Hos pital late last night. Dr. Eugene R. Grether, assistant coroner of Alexandria, ruled today that William J. Neish, 75, of 409 North West street, Alexandria, had died from exposure in the sub-freez ing weather. His body was found early yesterday in the 800 block of South Payne street, Alexandria, about half a block from the city dump, where he was employed as a watchman. Alexandria police at first consid ered the possibility of violence be cause of scratches on Mr. Neish's head, but Chief of Detectives Russell Hawes said Mr. Neish apparently (See WEATHER, Page A-4.t Hopes for China Peace Fade After Reds Issue 'War Criminal' List Chiang, Wife and Premier Included With Military And Political Leaders By the Associated Press NANKING, Dec. 27.—Hopes for peace in China faded today. Communist radio broadcast of a list of “war criminals” to be pun ished by a “people’s court” sent them glimmering. Heading the list were Chiang Kai shek, Mme. Chiang, Premier Sun Fo and most of the nation’s top mili tary and political leaders. Surprise that the Communists would publish such a list at this time, wh<*n there seemed a pos sibility of the warring factions reaching somq sort of agreement \ was expressed in both foreign and Chinese quarters. “Communists by their action have definitely closed the door on any hope of ending the war by negotia tion," said one official. More Troops Reach Nanking. His statement was echoed by the arrival of more troops in Nanking, indicating that Gen. Chiang and his followers have determined to fight on, possibly turning the capital into the next battleground. In view of the Communist radio declaration, it seems unlikely that any of the national officials listed would participate in any peace negotiation and the only avenues left to them is to fight or flee. Communist publication of the list and a subsequent proclamation making frequent references to a “peoples government” strengthened to belief the Reds have decided against permitting the present con stitutional government to continue in any form—even under a negoti ated peace which would give the Communists control of China. In stead, it is believed by most ob servers the Communist high com mand hopes to completely eliminate the National government and sub stitute its own. Government Hopeful, from a study of recent troop movements, it seems that the gov ernment is hopeful of holding the Nanking-Shanghai area indefinitely, with its west flank beginning on the Wuhu River, 50 miles south west of Nanking, and extending southward along the former Wuhu Hweichow rail line. The railroad (See CHINA, Page A-4.) U. S. Zone Korea Official Is Reported Attacked By the Associated Press MOSCOW, Dec. 27.—Dispatches received here from Soviet-occupied Northern Korea reported an attack on a provincial governor in Ameri can-occupied Southern Korea. The report said a detachment of rebels attacked the governor of Denla Province and his entourage as they were en route to Sunchon. Nine policemen were said to have been killed. The Soviet news agency Tass quoted the North Korean radio at Pyongyang as saying the govern ment gave honorary awards to 115 Soviet officers for liberating them from the "Japanese imperialists.” Second Negeb Battle Flares Into Full-Scale Fight for Desert Area Israel Believed Seeking To Hurl Egyptians Back Across Their Frontier By the Associated Press TEL AVIV, Israel, Dec. 27.— The second battle of the Negeb swelled today into a full-scale fight for the barren southern desert. A virtual news blackout existed on j the Israeli side, but it appeared on! the fifth day of the new fighting that Israeli commanders this time are seeking to hurl the Egyptians back across their own frontiers—or to bring Egyptian political leaders around to armistice talks without further delay. (In Cairo, Egyptian Communi ! cations Minister Dessouki Abaza Pasha said the battle had de veloped into a “general clash.” He gave no details of the fight ing, but told newsmen Egypt's military position is “good.”) Gains or Losses Unknown. Despite the shutdown on official news here, it is known that the battle is being fought on a large scale, in an arc just inside Israeli territory from Egypt's Rafa frontier base and extending northward to ward Gaza. It also is known that the fighting continues unchecked on land and in the air by both sides. What is not known here, however, are the gains or losses on either I side; or from which side came the j initial impetus of the offensive; or | the specific tactical objectives. The Negeb battle began immedi | ately after recent preliminary ma-1 neuvering over an armistice get-to-! gether broke down. A militaryi spokesman here said the Jews still were willing to talk peace, but he said there had been no further i overtures to Egyptians since the Christmas-time battle began. Planes Support Troops. Use of the air arm in the present fighting seems to be confined to direct frontline support of troops, plus attacks on near-front air bases. There did not appear to be any important raids far behind the lines. Contrary to previous practices, Israeli communiques now are silent on the names of cities or bases either bombed by their planes or raided by Egyptians. The Israeli spokesman insisted again that there was no fighting around Faluja, inland from Gaza, i where 3,000 Egyptians have been i I trapped since the previous Negeb operation. The military spokesman said the (See PALESTINE, Page~A-3J British Envoy to Soviet Due to Retire Soon By th* Asiociattd Pros MOSCOW, Dec. 27. — Informed foreign sources said today that Sir Maurice Peterson, British Ambassa dor to the Soviet Union, probably will retire early in the New Year. This would mean two new western power envoys to the U. S. S. R., as Lt. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith gen erally is not expected to return from his present trip to Washington. Sir Maurice, who is 59 years old, was appointed Ambassador to the Soviet Union May 17, 1946. 100-Mile Winds Pound Carrier On Way to Rescue 13 on Icecap Radio Antennae, 14 Life Rafts Carried Away; Third of Complement of 1,000 Seasick By W. H. Shippen, Jr. Star Staff Correspondent ABOARD U.S.S. SAIPAN EN ROUTE TO GREENLAND, Dec. 27.—This flattop, weathering lashing winds and pounding seas, expected today to pick up speed toward Greenland with a crew primed for rescue of 13 stranded Air Force men. The skipper, Capt. Joseph L. fPaddy) Kane of Brooklyn, whose family now is in Alexandria, Va„ hoped to reach the rescue launching point Wednesday. But the chances of bringing heli copters that day to within striking distance of the men on the icecap seemed doubtful because buffeting waves and winds slowed the big car rier yesterday. When the Saipan reaches a point about 100 miles west of the target, the rescue team led by Capt. William Davis, jr., flight test director at the Naval Air Test Center, Patuxent, Md„ will go into action. The 30 or more Marines of the helicopter squadron are commanded by Col. E. Colston Dyer of Quantico, Va. Also aboard is Comdr. Frederick G. Dustin of 1735 New, Hampshire avenue N.W., Washington, a veteran of three Antarctic expeditions who also saw wartime service in the North Atlantic. While bent on a peacetime mission instead of battle gear action, all aboard this ship have experienced some of the roughest weather they care to recall. The ship's doctor reported a third of the crew seasick. About 1,000 men including many volunteers, are aboard. After the carrier shoved off from Norfolk on Christmas afternoon, Capt. Kane piled an extra 10 knots onto normal cruising speed. The ship was moving along at ?7 knots, (See RESCUE, Page A-5.)I 1 U. N. Observers Accuse Israel of Breaking Truce Report Supporting Egyptian Complaint Goes Before Council By the Associated Press PARIS, Dec. 27.—United Na tions observers in Palestine today accused Israel of breaking the Holy Land truce by attacking Egyptian forces in the Negeb Desert. The charges were contained in a lengthy report to the U. N. Security Council over the signature of Dr. Ralph J. Bunche. acting U. N. mediator in Palestine. The report, slated for discussion by the Council today, supported Egyptian complaints that Israeli forces reopened hostilities in viola tion of the Council’s truce order. Dr. Bunche declared *'I have no knowledge of any incidents which could be claimed as a provocation for the fighting in the Negeb." Private Meeting Scheduled. The Council will hold a private meeting today to determine its schedule for the immediate future. It faces challenges to its author ity in Palestine and Indonesia. The Council has ordered Netherlands authorities to halt the fighting in Indonesia and free Republican leaders captured by Dutch forces. A further hint of Dutch defiance of the United Nations Security Council was the announcement in The Hague today that leaders of the Indonesian Republic captured December 19 are being moved to Javanese Mountain hotels or ‘‘other places outside Java.” The Council ordered their release last Friday. Dutch Delegate Jan Herman Von Royen told the Security Council today Holland has not yet complied with the Council’s Christmas Eve order to stop the fighting. He read a prepared statement by the Neth erlands government saying it is still studying its position with regard to the order. Russian Demands Action. Soviet, Delegate Jacob A. Malik asserted the Netherlands statement constituted a “straightforward re j fusal to end the fighting.” He de manded that the council forthwith order the Netherlands government | to halt military operations within 24 hours. * Dr. Bunche reported to the Coun cil that on December 21 the Israeli government expelled U. N. observers from their posts with Israeli forces. On the next day, he continued, Israel declared it felt “botlnd to reserve its freedom of action." The negotiator then asserted: “In view of all the above circum stances I must report to the Secur ity Council my inability to super vise effectively the truce in the Negeb.” The new Holy Land conflict was brought to the Council's attention !by the Egyptian government which charged in a cebled message that Israeli troops had begun widespread attacks in violation of the Council's truce order. Egypt Demands Hearing. Egypt demanded an emergency ! hearing of its complaint. A Council majortiy decided it could not dis j cuss the Palestine situation until official information was received from U. N. observers on the spot. M. Fawzi, Egypt’s U. N. delegate, meanwhile, charged in a letter to the Council that the Jews were following a “persistent policy" of violating the Holy Land truce “in defiance of the Security Council’s orders and decisions.” On the basis of reports from Hol land and from both sides in the In donesian fighting, the Council faced defiance of the cease-fire order by i both the Dutch and tpe Repub | licans. Dutch sources here reported that i the Netherlands' delegate, Jan Her man Van Royen, will propose that I the Council endow the U. N. Truce ! Committee—the Good Offices Com mittee — with a "new function.” There was no indication, however, of what specific measures he will propose. Any proposal to change the char acter of the Good Offices Committee is almost certain to start a wrangle within the Council and might lead to reopening the entire Indonesian question. Holland always has disputed the Security Council’s jurisdiction in the Indonesian conflict. Netherlands authorities in the Indies appeared determined to carry on their military campaign until all objectives have been taken. Mrs. Bushfield Resigns From Senate; Mundt Named By th« Associated Pro.. PIERRE, S. Dak., Dec. 27.—Mrs. Vera C. Bushfield resigned as Sena tor from South Dakota at 12:01 to day, Gov. George T. Mickelson was notified. The Governor said he was im mediately appointing Representative Karl E. Mundt, who is Senator elect, as a successor. However, Rep resentative Mundt will not qualify for the office until tomorrow after a report of the House Un-American Activities Committee is filed. The resignation of Mr. Mundt as a member of the House will leave a vacancy there until January 3, when Representative-elect Harold O. Lovre qualifies. There is no pro vision under the South Dakota law to fill a vacancy in the House. „ Mrs. Bushfield has filled the posi tion since October 6, when she was appointed to succeed her husband, the late Senator Harlan J. Bushfield. He died September 27 at Miller, S. Dakota. Dog Suffocates Baby VANNE, France, Dec. 27 (JP).—'The family dog climbed into the cradle of eleven-month-old Marcel Raoul here today and went to sleep on the baby’s chest. The child died of suffocation. i WHY DON'T YOU TRY ANOTHER SANTA? V£WW^’^ Edwards Out as Redskin Coach, Will Help Pick Own Successor ■ A Leaves Position After Three Years; Becomes Club Vice President By Lewis F. Atchison Turk Edwards resigned as head coach of the Washington Red skins today after guiding the team for three years and imme diately was appointed executive vice president of the club. Among Edwards’ first duties will be to help find and sign his own suc cessor. The shift in the Redskins’ top command was not wholly unexpect ed, although It had not been antici pated at this time. Edwards’ resig nation followed closely that of End Coach Wayne Millner, who gave up his poet last week. Edwards’ appointment to the new ly created post of • executive vice president was assured last week when President George Marshall, commenting on rumors of the coach’i impending resignation, said he would have a job with the Red skins as long as he desired, and that any change In coaches would be TURK EDWARDS. made In conjunction with Edwards and on Edwards’ recommendation. Coaches Frank Leahy of Notre Dame, Paul Brown of the Cleve land Browns in the rival All-Amer ica Conference, and Paul (Bear) Bryant of Kentucky were mentioned as nominees for the Redskin post last week when rumblings of a Red skin coaching shakeup grew louder. Leahy, however, has seven years (Continued on Page A-8, Column 7.) Further Dutch Gains Claimed in 'Mop-Up' In Java and Sumatra Indonesian Army Fleeing To Resort to Guerrilla Warfare, The Hague Says ly th« Atiociottd Press BATAVIA, Java, Dec. 27.—The | Dutch claimed further gains to day against Indonesians in Java and Sumatra. A Netherlands Army communique said "mopping up operations” are being carried out around Soera karta and Magelang in Java. The report also said two Dutch fighter planes had gone down "as a result of an accident over Central Java.” No casualties were men tioned. The Dutch said they have occu pied Labohean and Menes in West Java, Plosso in East Java and Fort Van De Cappellen, Sumatra. Guerrilla Activity Feared. A military spokesman in The Hague said the Republican Army is fleeing into the mountains and pre paring for guerrilla activity. He de clared the Republican forces lacked leadership, food supplies and popu lar support. The Dutch embassy in Paris said yesterday the Netherlands forces had suffered 19 killed and 43 wound ed since their “police action” began in Indonesia nine days ago. Meantime, Dutch military sources said Netherlands forces occupying Magelang found 30 Indonesian pris oners executed by the Republicans just before the Dutch entered town. Two others were still alive, they said. * U. N. Report Due. The- informants said the Dutch found out that the 32 had been ar rested in connection with a Com munist rebellion in the republic last September. They quoted a Repub lican police inspector as saying the prisoners had "done nothing against the republic.” (This account was subject to Dutch censorship. Accounts from the Indonesian Republican side have been sketchy.) The U. N. Good Offices Commit tee informed the Security Council yesterday it would try to observe and report on observance of the cease-fire order issued by the Coun cil in Paris Friday. The committee explained, how ever, that it apparently would be impossible for its observers to dis tinguish reliably between internal security measures taken by Nether lands forces and hostilities between Dutch and Republican units. Milk Price Reduced On Baltimore Market ty the Associated Press BALTIMORE, Dec. 27.—The Milk Producers' Co-operative announced today the milk prices for farmers in the Baltimore area will drop from $6.43 to $6 per hundredweight effective January 1. New Use Koch Trial, Urged by 7 Senators, Is Now Up to Army Report Hits Cut in Life Term, Asks Action on Different Charges • The question of whether Use Koch will face another trial for her part in the crimes of Buch enwald concentration camp now : is up to the United States Army. Seven Senators yesterday released ;a report highly critical of the j Army’s action in reducing to four years the life sentence originally imposed on the wife of the camp commander. The report, in addition to put ting on the record the full story of the ease, declared: ‘‘If it is legally possible, Use Koch should be brought to justice in a United States military court." German Trial an Alternative. Failing in. that, the report said the American Military Government in Germany should move to have her tried in German courts 'for crimes committed against German nationals.” The woman’s four-year sentence expires next October. Before then, the Senators said, it is ‘‘highly im portant that Use Koch receive the punishment she so justly deserves without doing further violence to long-established safeguards of ’dem ocratic justice." American law provides that no person may twice be tried for the same crime. To do so would be ‘double jeopardy” — to jeopardize twice the life of the accused for a single offense. Thus Frau Koch would have to be tried on differerft charges if she were to be brought to court a second time. Ferguson Among Signers. Those signing the report were Chairman Ferguson, Republican, of Michigan, and Senators Bricker, Re publican, of Ohio; Hoey, Democrat, (Continued on Page A-5, Column 1.) Spy Probers to Urge Successors to Hunt More Red Couriers At Least Two Operated Besides Miss Bentley and Chambers, Mundt Says By Robert K. Welsh Present members of the House Committee on Un-American Ac tivities will urge their successors in the new Congress to track down Communist couriers be lieved to have worked with spy rings before or after the activi ties of Whittaker Chambers and Miss Elizabeth T. Bentley, Acting Chairman Mundt said to day there must have been at least two other agents of that kind. "So far, we have no conclusive evidence on that point but their existence is entirely logical and all the circumstantial evidence points in that direction,” he said. "There still are Communists in Government So In all probability there were Communist couriers working with them.” Mr. Chambers, former Communist intermediary who quit the party 10 years ago, and Miss Bentley, who was a courier for the party from 1941 until after the war, should be asked by the committee early next year to help "fill the gaps” in the search for such agents, Mr. Mundt declared. Continuance of a committee to investigate Communist activity in Government seemed likely for the coming congressional session but opinion still was divided as to its, scope and procedures. Attorney General Clark said last night he thought the House com mittee served a useful purpose in ferreting out some types of infor mation. But he added that it should not interfere with Justice Depart ment prosecutions. “To interfere with that function is a grave error,” Mr. Clark said. The Attorney General commented in connection with a radio interview statement that the late Laurence Duggan, former State Department official, was approached about 10 I years ago by two persons who want ed him to obtain secret department documents but that “he repulsed :both of them.” The Justice Department has found no connection between Mr. Duggan and "any espionage or giving of doc uments,” Mr. Clark reported. Mr. Duggan fell to his death from a New York office building window lasc week. He had been interrogated (See SPY INQUIRY, Page A-3.) Mackay Radio Facilities Cut Off as Truck Hits Pole By the Associated Press BRENTWOOD. N. Y„ Dec. 27.— All electrical power in several thou sand Long Island homes was cut off for about an hour and a half today. Mackay Radio communications be tween here and the rest of the world temporarily was shut down by the power failure. A spokesman for the Long Island Lighting Co. said the power failure occurred at 7:35 a.m. when a truck struck a pole carrying a transmis mion feeder near here. Police said they had no report of any injury. Areas affected included the com munities of Babylon and Bayshore in Suffolk County. Police radio communications at Bayshore were disrupted. The lighting company said power was restored before other industrial plants were affected. $10,000Cash Reported Burned As Fire Sweeps Maryland Home A wooden box containing $10,000 in cash, representing an insurance set tlement for an automobile death, was reported burned today in a flri which destroyed the interior of a house in White House Heights, near Seat Pleasant, Md. The receptacle-, according to Mrs. Sylvester Ramsey, jr. 31, was in a trunk on the first floor of the two story frame house at 704 Warren avenue, occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Sylvester Ramsey, sr., and eight relatives. Ten members of the fami ly, including the junior Mrs. Ramsey, owner of the cash, escaped unhurt from the dwelling shortly before 9 o’clock. Mrs. Ramsey, bedridden after a leg operation, told Th^ Star ahe had received the cash two weeks ago from an insurance company and had planned to put it in a bank after Christmas. “All I could think about when the fire started was to get out," Mrs. Ramsey said. “I was so nervous." “When I got over here (a neigh bor’s house) and got to my senses, I realized that the money was still in there.” She said the money was paid her in the death of her mother, Mrs. Mattie Isaacs, 62, who was injured fatally two years ago when she was struck by an automobile in Rich mond, Va., where Mrs. Isaacs lived. Mrs. Ramsey said the insurance company sent the $10,000 check to (See CASH, Pag^A-5.) Cardinal Seized By Hungary as Treason Suspect Mindszenty Is Also Accused of Spying And Black Marketing By th« Associated Press BUDAPEST, Hungary, Dec. 27. —Josef Cardinal Mindszenty, Roman Catholic primate of Hun gary, was arrested today on suspicion of plotting against the government, spying, treason and black market money dealings, the government announced. The announcement contained no details. A high authority who re quested that his name not be used said a detailed statement will be made in 48 hours and “will contain some surprises.” He said the govern ment had “indisputable evidence" against the Cardinal. (Hungary's government is dom inated by the Communists, with whom the Cardinal has been bat tling for a long time. Sources in Vatican City, saying the ar rest of Cardinal Mindszenty would be no surprise, predicted that any Catholics connected with the action would suffer ex communication. Hungary is 67 per cent Catholic.) Announcement Brief. Budapest, whose people are over whelmingly Catholic and have strong religious sentiments, read of the government’s action in the daily newspapers, which headlined the story but carried only the brief offi cial statement without comment. Istvan Barankovits, leader of the opposition in Parliament, said he was not surprised by the announce ment. He said the speeches of top politicians, including Premier Ist van Dobi and Deputy Premier Rakosi (a Communist) showed a government determination to get rid of the Cardinal. The Cardinal is considered the most ardent and probably the last powerful enemy of the present Hungarian govern ment. The Cardinal, 56 years old, has not left his residence at Esztergom for a considerable time. He spent the Christmas holidays there. Reconciliation Stalled. Political sources said some prom inent Hungarian Catholics disap proved of the Cardinal’s attitude toward the present political system of this country and had asked him to change the official Catnolic policy. There had been recent indication* of a reconciliation between the gov ernment and the church, but a For eign Ministry spokesman said move* to effect this now were at a stand still. Cardinal Mindszenty long ha* been under fire on charges that he mis used religious meetings to incit* against Hungary's present Com munist-dominated political system. Last month the primate was as (See CARDINAL, Page A-Tj Six American Soldiers Reported Seized by Reds By the Associated Press FRANKFURT, Germany, Dec. 27.—German police reported today that six Americans were arrested by the Russians yesterday on the American Soviet border in Germany. None has yet been returned, they said. Hessian State police headquarters at Wiesbaden said that according to reports it received the Americans were seized after an exchange of gunfire. The six Americans were described by the Germans as members of the United States constabularly. They were accompanied by one German border policeman, the State police said. The German police said the Americah soldiers were on patrol in two jeeps along the Russian border at Kassel, near the northernmost point of the American occupation zone. The Americans were taken by the Russians to Gerstungen, in the So viet zone, the police said. They said there was an exchange of about 20 shots before the seizure. Second Firecracker Hurts Boy Who Lost Eye in '40 By the Associated Press BIRMINGHAM, Ala., Dec. 27.— Sixteen-year-old Buford Echols looked at his mangled right hand and said, “Tell the kids to lay off firecrackers, will you?” Buford lost a thumb and fore finger yesterday when a firecracker "bomb” exploded in his hand. It reminded him of a similar accident that occurred on Christmas Day eight years ago. That was when he lost the sight of his right eye in an explosion of a firecracker that, like the one yesterday, “didn’t go off when lit.’* Woman Makes Appointment, Is Found Dead Miss Mary A. Freudenthal, 70, was found dead in her room at the Shoreham Hotel shortly before noon today with a bottle of sleeping tablets and a note declaring, accord ing to police, that she could “stand this pain no longer.” Miss Freudenthal had lived at the hotel for about a year, Assist ant Manager Walter Vannemann said. Mr. Vandemann discovered the body. Last Saturday Miss Freudenthal made an appointment to see him at 10:30 a.m. today, Mr. Vannemann said. When repeated phone calls , failed to elicit a response, he ob tained a pass key and went to her fifth floor room. Police said the note was ad dressed to Miss Freudenthal ’* sister, Mrs. Blanche Dunbar of the Washington Hotel. They refused to disclose full contents.