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SOCIETY AND GENERAL NEWS
WASHINGTON, D. C. glf)£ getting ^faf WASHINGTON NEWS MONDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1948 B ★★ South May Back Elector Change To Gain Power Party Faction Sees Opportunity to Curb Northern Influence By Chalmers M. Roberts If the system of electing our Presidents is to be modernized be fore the Nation votes again in 1952. it is very likely that the South will furnish the necessary votes—both in Congress and the State legisla tures. The extent of support for a change in the Electoral College sys tem was indicated in & poll by The Star, published yesterday. Of the 96 members of the Senate in the 81st Congress, 51 favor some sort of action, 27 were undecided and only 2 expressed opposition. The remaining 16 were not reached. The compelling reason for South ern support, it appears, is the feel ing that the Democratic Party has now fallen into the hands of the Northern liberal wing and that the South's once great influence can not be leslored until it has more bargaining power. Humphrey Favors Change. The State’s Rights movement graw out of the indorsement of the President’s civil rights program by the Democratic National Conven tion last June, a move led by newly elected Senator Humphrey of Min nesota and Representative-elect Biemiller of Wisconsin, both Dem ocrats. Senator Humphrey favors a Nation-wide popular vote for Pres ident, but can be counted on to support the Lodge plan if his idea cannot get sufficient votes. Southerners generally feel the civil rights issue was rammed down the convention’s throat as a vote getting move among Northern Negroes and labor groups and hence they feel the voting importance of such groups would be greatly re duced if a State’s electoral votes were split according to the popular vote. As it is now, a few thousand votes cast by a minority group can swing a State’s bloc of votes from one candidate to another. Would End One-Party Rule. The new amendment has among its strongest backers such conserv atives as Representative Gossett of Texas, the House sponsor, and Sen ators Hoey of North Carolina and Eastland and Stennis of Mississippi. It also has the support of such liberal Southerners as Senator elect Kefauver of Tennessee and Senator Fulbright of Arkansas who has joined Senator Lodge, Republi can, of Massachusetts, as co-spon sor. All of these men feel that the amendment would bring two party system to the South and end its status as a solid and certain Democratic area and tnus an area generally ignored by the Northern Democrats. Senator-elect Ke'fauver, the man who smashed the Crump machine in Tennessee to win his new- job, has been introducing bills for such an electoral reform for many years and was one of the earliest spon sors of the amendment. The final amendment likely to be voted on in Congress this next year is likely to bear liis name, in fact. The new Senator feels the amend ment would be a move of major importance to the development of the South for a variety of reasons. He prepared the following analysis fon The Star of what he considers the amendment would mean to the South. “The South, like New England and certain other states, has long suffered because of the one-party system. The passage of this amend ment would: “1. Limit the possibility of the people voting blindly for President and Vice President. The threat of electors not following the will of the party was present in 1944. It has now become a reality. (The Senator elect is referring to the Tennessee elector who voted for Gov. Thur mond, although President Truman carried the State's popular vote.) Unless this amendment is passed, the voters will never know whether their will is being expressed. End of Dixiecrats Seen. "2. A strong two-party system is the only healthy way a democracy can operate. In the South, it would mean the end of the Dixiecrat move ment. Some Dixiecrafts would join the Republican Party; some Pro gressive Republicans w'ould join the Democratic Party. The lines would be more clealy drawn. Political dic tators would not have an oppor tunity of continuing control through capturing the party machinery of either party. “3. The position of the South and also other one-party sections would be given full consideration by the leadership of both national parties. A vote in the South would mean as much to the Democratic or Repub lican candidates as the vote in New York or Pennsylvania. Both parties would take into consideration the problems and attitudes of one-party sections. "4. The South and one-party sec tions would have a stronger demand for Cabinet positions and other high places in the Government. "5. The emoluments and benefits from the Federal Government would be more evenly divided and there would not be a starvation of any Federal benefits in any one section when some particular party was in control. Amendment Called Imperative. “The passage of this amendment is imperative for orderly elections and for fair consideration and rep resentation of every section of our Nation.” In considering the effect on the South, it is worth totaling the Republican votes in the 11 South ern States. Gov. Dewey polled near ly 1,500,000 votes to almost 2,500,000 for President Truman, Gov. Thur mond, despite all the noise of the States’ Rights movement, was third with just under 1,000,000. The Truman vote was in spite of the fact that the President’s name was kept off the Alabama ballot and that the Truman-Barkley ticket was not the "regular” Democratic ticket on the Louisiana ballot. Thus, it is apparent there now is Rail Travel Data For Inaugural Visitors Planned Information Program Will Cover Major Points in Country A Nation-wide information pro gram to provide data on inaugura tion rail travel facilities at all points from which substantial numbers of visitors are expected to come to Washington was announced today by William T. Faricy, president of the Association of American Rail roads. Mr. Faricy was appointed last week to head the Railroad Commit tee in the 1949 Inaugural Com mittee. He said the first meeting of his committee, comprising railroad men from all sections of the Nation, will be held tomorrow at the association headquarters here. A subcommittee will be named to establish a continuing laision with inaugural headquarters, Mr. Faricy said. One of Three Committees. His group is one of three serving under the general chairmanship of Stephen H. Harrington of the Na tional Transportation Committee. The others comprise executives of air mes and buslines. Among Washington residents se lected by Mr. Faricy for his com mittee are Walter J. Kelly, traffic officer of the association, vice chair man; Frank L. Jenkins, general passenger traffic manager of the Southern Railway System, and Bernard R. Tolson. manager of the Washington Terminal Co., operator of Union Station. As planning went forward in other quarters. Police Supt. Robert J Barrett announced cancellation of police days off for January 19. 20 and 21, because of the special de mands on the force during the in auguration period. No Annual Leave. Maj. Barrett also said no annual leave requests will be considered for the period January 17-22. except in emergencies. Melvin D. Hildreth, general chair man of the Inaugural Committee, called attention today to two spe cial exhibits among a number be ing arranged by Government agen cies for the inaugural period. One, at the Library of Congress, already is open. The other, at the National Archives, will open Jan- ; uary 15. The library display, located in! the ground floor gallery of the main ! building, traces the history of presi dential elections in the United States. Highlights Listed. Among the highlights are a ballot box used by the electoral college, an original copy of the Maryland Constitution, the manuscript copy of the Senate Journal of the first; session of the First Congress, show- j ing the tally of the voting in the election of George Washington; the original tally in the contested Hayes Tiiden presidential race of 1876 and a large collection of political car toons. The exhibit will continue through January 20. The 15-day Archives display will be similar but also will include special showings of films made at, the inaugurations of Presidents back' to William McKinley. Mr. Hildreth today asked persons j who have ordered tickets for the ] inaugural parade not to telephone; committee headquarters to report' they have not received the tickets. None has been mailed, but distribu tion will start soon, he said. Boy, 4, Slightly Wounded Playing 'Wild West' Battle A four-year-old boy was slightly wounded in the left elbow yesterday in a too-real Wild West battle. The victim was Warren Harris, 1526 W street S.E.. who was shot with a .22-caliber blank pistol into which his brother, Bernard, 8. had inserted a live cartridge. The boys said they found the pistol and car tridge in the woods near their home. Warren was treated at Gallinger Hospital. The boys told police they were playing out a Wild West story and Bernard said he didn’t think the gun would fire when he pulled the trigger.. the base of a Republican Party In the Siuth. Under the Lodge-Gos sett plan Gov. Dewey would have received 17.5 of the 56 electoral votes of the 4 States where he ran strongest: Texas, North Carolina, Florida and Virginia.. These 17.5 would have been Dewey electoral votes had the same people voted the way they did in 1948, it must be pointed out. The amendment’s backers claim, with much logic, that under a real two party system such as they feel the reform would bring to the South hundreds of thousands of present- j day stay-at-home votes would be i registered at the polls. More Votes Foreseen. The effect of the general rule that fewer people vote in the South! on general election day than else where in the Nation may be seen in the total electoral votes under the new scheme for Gov. Thur mond and Henry Wallace. The South Carolina Governor, polling 1,169,312 popular votes in 20 States, but mostly in the South, would have received 38.6 electoral votes But Mr. Wallace, polling 1, 157,100 in 45 States, mostly in the North and West, would have re ceived only 9.4 electoral votes. Ob viously this is due to the greater' value of a popular vote in the j South since electoral votes are al located chiefly on population and not on the number of people who exercise the franchise. But if the new amendment led to more voters in the South, then this disparity would tend to disappear. And the amendment's supporters feel it would lead to more voters because the greatest number of votes in relation to population now are cast in States where the compe tition and rivalry is the greatest. With such rivalry much the same in each State under the new amend ment, they feel the votes cast would be pretty much in the same pro portion. The 'Ins' Arrive, the1 Outs1 Clean Desks as Congress Opening Nears By Harold B. Rogers Capitol Hill will be unusually busy this week as departing members of Congress prepare to leave and newly elected members arrive to plan for opening of the Eighty-first Con gress next Monday. Some of those who are retiring voluntarily and others who were defeated in the elections already have cleared out their offices and gone home. A few newcomers have moved in. Facilities in several buildings on Capitol Hill have been reconditioned in preparation for the new Congress. A few finishing touches will be com pleted this week. The restaurant in the House wing of the Capitol, which has been closed during the recess, reopened today, expecting a big business. Many members of Congress are expected to return this week to be here for the session Friday when the Eightieth Congress passes out of the picture. , j Quarters Are Assigned. All of the Senators, both holdovers and newcomers have been given their quarters. Many holdovers re tain their old suites and some are moving to larger ones. Most of the members of the House nave been assigned space in the Old and New House Office Buildings, but about nine still remain to be taken care of. Senator Capper, Republican, of Kansas, a long-time friend of the District, is packing to go home. He will leave Washington January 13. He paused in the big job of pre paring to leave and said: •'I’ve had a fine experience here for 30 years. But I am disappointed that you people here still do not have a- vote. “There is no reason why Wash ingtonians should be deprived of a vote. They ought to have a voice in Government.” Fought For D. C. Vote. The Kansan made a long, but un successful fight to get national rep resentation for the District—the right to vote for President, Vice President and members cf Congress. He was active in District affairs as chairman and later a member of the Senate District Committee. The Senator said he plans to go back to Topeka to resume active direction of his firm, Capper Publi cations, Inc., of which he is presi dent and publisher. The firm has two daily papers and eight farm publications. Before he leaves, Senator Capper will be honored at civic functions here for his long service to the Dis trict. He will be guest of honor at a luncheon sponsored by the North west Council of Citizens Association next Thursday in the Family Dining Room of the Senate. The Junior Board of Commerce will honor him at a luncheon Jan uary 6 at the Burlington Hotel. He also will be honored at the “Fel lowship Breakfast" at 8:30 a.m. Jan uary 12 in a Senate dining room in the Capitol. ..... Collected Autographed Photos. When he leaves, Senator Capperi will take with him one of the larg est collections of autographed pho tographs of celebrities on Capitol Hill. As he packed, with help of his staff, he handled a picture of President Theodore Roosevelt, auto graphed on January 20, 1909. At that time Mr. Capper was an active journalist. He was elected to the Senate in 1918. Senator Capper's suite will be CHANGES ON CAPITOL HILL —Senator Capper, Republican, of Kansas, retiring from Con gress after 30 years, packs up a picture of President Theo dore Roosevelt, one of the big collection of celebrities’ pho tographs, some of which are shown on the wall. taken over by Senator Hickenlooper, Republican, of Iowa. While Senator Capper, who with drew from the Senate race and did not stand for re-election, was pack ing some newly elected Democrats were moving into the House Office buildings to begin careers in Con gress. Typical of these was John H. Marsalis, Democrat, of Colorado. He moved in last week to take over the office of defeated Representa tive Isaacson, American Labor Party, of New York.. The 44-year old attorney, who resigned as dis trict attorney at Pueblo, said he was principally interested in rec lamation legislation in the forth coming Congress. He is one of the more than 100 new members of the House who al ready have been assigned offices. Representative Sabath, Democrat, of Illinois, is expected to succeed Representative Auchincloss, Repub lican, of New Jersey, as chairman of the House Office Building Com mission in charge of the buildings. Hayden May Succeed Brooks. All Senators have received their office space through the Senate Rules and Administration Commit tee, expected to be headed by Sena tor Hayden, Democrat, of Arizona, succeeding Senator Brooks. Repub lican, of Illinois, who was defeated for re-election. Russell E. Wever, custodian of the Senate Office Building, has carried out directives of the Rules Committee. Eighteen new Senators have been placed, Mr. Wever said, and the nineteenth newcomer, from Ken tucky, still is to be taken care of the Vice President-elect, is ap pointed by the governor. Senator Barkley will serve as Senator until Russell E. Wever, custodian of the Senate Office Building, at work on the chart of the building as he studies the new loca tion of Senators’ offices. Assignment of space for all occupants has been completed by the Senate Rules and Administration Committee. —Star Staff Photos. sworn in as Vice President January 20. He will retain his old suite in the Senate Office Building. Before the incoming Senators wrere placed, Mr. Wever said, there were nine different shifts in hold over Senators to different quarters in the office building. Most of them with high seniority got larger suites. Senator Moore, Republican, of Oklahoma, wjio retired this year, was one of those clearing out his office last week. He plans to go back to Tulsa. Senator Moore’s suite will be taken over by Senator Gillette, Dem ocrat, of Iowa, who returns to the Senate after an interval back in his home state. Senator Buck. Republican, of Delaware, chairman of the Senate j District Committee, who was de-' feated, already has moved his per sonal effects from his office in the Senate Office Building and has gone back to Delaware. He does not plan to take part in the last ses sion of the 80th Congress next Fri day. Certain records of the Senate District Committee are being turned over to the Secretary of the Sen ate. in line with provisions of the Congressional Reorganization Act. One employe of the Senate Dis trict Committee may be retained it was learned to bring a continuity in office personnel from the Repub lican to the new Democratic ad ministration. New chairman of the District Committee may be Senator Hol land, Democrat, of Florida, who is in line for the post, or Senator McGrath, Democrat, of Rhode Island, chairman of the Democratic National Committee. No decision has been reached as yet. A newcomer to Congress, Eeprcrcr.tative-elect John H. Marsalis, Democrat, of Colo rado, shown taking over his desk in the Old House Office Building, formerly occupied by Representative Isacson, Amer ican-Labor Party, of New York, York, who was defeated. j The House District Committee is expected to be headed by Repre sentative McMillan, Democrat, of ! South Carolina. He occupied that post in the 79th Congress. William M. McLeod, present minority clerk of the committee, is slated to re sume his former post as committee clerk. Humphrey Buys Home. Representative Dirksen, Repub lican, of Illinois, chairman of thei District Committee in the 80th Congress,did not run for re-election.] He has been among those men tioned in speculation as possible chairman of the Republican Na tional Committee, if the present chairman, Representative Hugh D. Scott, jr., of Pennsylvania relin quishes the post. Senator Humphrey, Democrat, of Minnesota, who defeated Senator Ball, Republican, and promises to be one of the picturesque debaters on Capitol Hill, has bought a home in Rock Creek Knoll, Chevy Chase, Md. He has a wife and four children. While the Capitol Building has i undergone only its usual recondi ' tioning, cleanup and painting dur i ing the recess since adjournment .last summer, two big construction projects are about to get under way for Congress. David Lynn, Architect* of ’the Capitol, expects that reconstruction of the root and upper part of the Senate Chamber can be done next summer. The contract already has been let. A new Senate Office Building is to be erected directly east of the j present Senate buliding, between B and C streets, facing First street N. E. Property in the western half ! of the block is to be acquried, wi lder procedures already under way, and the area cleared next spring, according to Mr. Lynn. Maryland Bill Urged To Let Counties Keep Gaining Raid Funds By the Associated Press ANNAPOLIS, Dec. 27.—The Leg islative Council has a suggestion for counties that want to know what to do with money seized in a gam bling raid: Keep it. The proposal is one of a series of “crime offered month. If approved the measures would apply retribution to such assorted offenses as driving down an unsus pecting swimmer with a motor boat or getting drunk in a department store. What to do with a gambling take gave Anne Arundel County authori ties a headache almost two years ago. Settled Out of Court. Police arrested three men sus pected of running numbers slips. Among other items they seized about $7,000 in cash. Chief John H. Souers salted it away for the county. The men were convicted on a lottery charge and fined $1,000 apiece, Chief Souers recalls. But they sued the chief and the county commissoiners for the confiscated money. The result was an out-of court settlement. “It was uncertain whether the State could confiscate this money,” the Legislative Reference Depart ment says in explaining the council bill. This would permit courts to forfeit “captured cash” to the county tor Baltimore City) in which it was taken, six months after the gamblers are convicted. If any one is arrested but found not guilty he may apply for a re fund. Even if convicted, he may ask for a hearing. Ask to Make Kidnaping a Felony. Here are some of the other pro posed criminal laws on which the Legislature will act: 1. Increase the maximum penalty for assault with intent to. murder from 10 to 15 years. States Attor ney Harry E. Clark of Talbot Coun ty recommended the stiffer sentence after a policeman was “permanently crippled” by a person he tried to arrest. "The court expressed regret that a longer sentence was not possible,” says the reference department. 2. Make kidnaping a felony. A kidnaper may be hanged now, and the council explains “such a serious offense carrying such an extreme penalty should be classified as a felony rather than as a misde meanor.” 3. Provide for the crime of “manslaughter by motor boat.” The bill would add seagoing craft to the law which already makes man slaughter by other vehicles a mis demeanor. It would repeal a 19471 Romeo W. Horad, Candidate For Council, Backs Equality Heads Negro Citizens Improvement Group In Montgomery (This is one in a series of bio-, graphical sketches of candidates for the new Montgomery County Council in the election January 6.) By John V. Horner Of his accomplishments, Romeo W. Horad seems proudest of the home he built 10 years ago at 11308 Old Bladensburg road, Silver Spring. The air-conditioned, Georgian house is evidence, he says, of what Negroes can do if given the oppor tunity. To him, it is proof that the race appreciates the advantages of modern living and is entitled to a chance of enjoying them. This feeling is reflected in Mr. Horad's work as president of the Citizens Council for Mutual Im provement In that office he has worked for improvement of Negroes, especially by showing that colored pupils in Montgomery County do not have school facilities equal to those for whites, and that living condi tions of the two races are not com parable. Running for Council. He is running for the 5th Dis trict seat on the new council as the candidate of the Mutual Improve ment group, which is composed of about 2,000 Negroes. The organization, claiming a non political status, is backing Mr. Horad on the grounds that the charter movement is nonpartisan. Nevertheless, the candlte will use acr. applying only to Deep Creek Lake in Garrett County. 4. Allow courts to punish tipplers who misbehave in stores and office buildings. “Drunkenness and dis orderly conduct in these places should be punishable equally with such conduct in streets and public places,” the department says. 5. Permit the trial of any one who commits an "indictable offense” on intercity or interstate bus or plane in any county or city on the route. The law already covers trains and steamboats. 6. Require doctors, dentists and others who treat patients “for an injury which may have been caused by some sort of accident or vio lence” to report to the police. Mont gomery. Talbot and Somerset Coun ties now have such a law. A companion measure would re quire the same kind of report from garages and repair shops. 7. Specify that bastardy is a mis demeanor. This would permit the extradition of men who flee the State after a court orders them to support illegitimate children. Sev eral times Virginia has refused ex tradition because “Maryland law does not call the offense a crime.” 3 Star** £r***V»V«e* ROMEO W. HORAD. —Star Staff Photo. the Republican label on the special election ballot. Mr. Horad, 54, is a native of Washington. He attended public schools here, the Myrtila Minor Normal school—now Teachers’ Col lege—and Western Reserve Uni versity, Cleveland. Later he took a la’ - degree at Howard University. For a year during World War 1. he was in the Army, serving a part of that time in France with head quarters staff, 92d Division, as a court reporter. Worked for School District. Under a civil service examination, he was appointed to the Navy De partment’s Inter-Departmental So cial Hygiene Board, and later was named executive secretary to the Recorder of Deeds for the Dis trict. In that job, he said, he set up one of two index systems now used and wrote many incorporation papers for leading organizations. Later he went into the real estate business, in which he is still engaged. During World War II, he was a member of the District Emergency Housing Council. Mr. Horad is a trustee of the Metropolitan Baptist Church, a member of the American Legion and is a Masons He is married and has two sons and a daughter. His sports are golf and swimming. His hobbies are gardening, house painting and mowing the acre of grass around his home. Legion and Fire Units Collect Money, Toys For Blaze Survivors I American Legion posts and vol unteer fire departments today were collecting money, clothing and toys for the survivors of a Christmas! morning fire which killed an 8-year-, old girl and burned out her parents’ home in Clinton, Md. The tragedy struck shortly after 7 o’clock at the small, white bunga low near Andrews Aia Force Base, where Mr. and Mrs. Grover Lusby, both 29, lived with their three children. A kerosene heating stove in the kitchen exploded, burning Margaret fatally and severely injuring her parents. The two youngest,children, Barbara, 7, and Dorothy 2, escaped unhurt. Graveside services are scheduled for 10 a.m. tomorrow in the ceme tery of the Episcopal Church at Upper Marlboro, Md. Parents’ Condition Fair. As the parents lay in Casualty Hospital where their condition was described as fair, some of the gifts consumed in the blaze already had been replaced. The District Line Hardware Co. delivered a little table and chair set to Dorothy at the home of her great aunt, Mrs. John Lehman, 5800 Brooks road, Capitol Heights, who is caring for Barbara and Dorothy. Too young to understand the tragedy, Dorothy had cried for the cherished table and chairs, the gift she had wanted most but hardly had a chance to see before the fire took them away. % The 14 American Legion posts in Prince Georges County yesterday started a drive to raise at least $1,000. according to Bay Burke, past vice-commander of the Legion in Maryland. Mr. Burke said Reuben Randall, 2420 T street S.E., past commander of the Suitland Post, is chairman of the drive which netted $118 yesterday. Aided by Lions Club. Working with the Legion are members of the Southgate Lions Club, Clinton, Mr. Burke said. Also making collections for the Lusbys are the Clinton Volunteer Fire Department and the Forestville Volunteer Fire Department. Contributions and donations should be made to Mr. Randall, the fire departments, or the Clinton Bank but should not be taken to, the Lehman home, drive chairmen said. The Lusbys lost everything but; the night clothes they were wearing when the explosion occurred. Courts Handle 6,000 Cases BALTIMORE. Dec. 27 (IF).—State's Attorney J. Bernard Wells said yes terday that Baltimore criminal courts handled more than 6,000 cases in 1948. Grounded Bay Ferry Refloated; Five Spent Night Aboard Vessel By the Associated Press BALTIMORE, Dec. 27.—The State ferry John M. Dennis was towed free yesterday after lying aground, 17 hours near Sandy Point. Five passengers who spent all night aboard the boat were taken1 ashore by a tug. Officials of the State ferry system said one reason for the mishap was a $15,000 fire at the Sandy Point ferry slip which destroyed electric wires and put out the navigation lights. Other reasons were high winds and an unusually low tide. The Are apparently started with an oilstove explosion in a combina tion bunkhouse and office. The building was destroyed. No one was injured, but ferry operations were halted for about an hour and a half late Saturday while firemen's hoses were strung across the ferry slip. The John M. Dennis ran aground Saturday night about 300 yards north of the channel leading to the Sandy Point ferry, slip. It was on the westbound trip across the Chesapeake Bay from Matapeake. The passengers were taken ashore early yesterday by a tug of the Tidewater Construction Co., which had been working on the ferry slip. Several hours later, when the tide rose, the ferry Herbert R. O'Conor freed the grounded vessel. The John M. Dennis ran aground not far from where the Herbert R. O’Conor was grounded overnight on! the coldest night of last winter with 125 passengers aboard. __ 1 Dental Group Will Honor Eastman Laboratory Head Dr. Basil G. Bibby, director of the Eastman Dental Research Lab oratory, Rochester, N. Y„ will re ceive the 1948 achievement award of Alpha Omega fraternity, hon orary dental organization, at a banquet at 8 p.m. Wednesday at the Shoreham Hotel during the fraternity’s 41st annual convention, it was announced today. More than 300 dentists from the United States. Canada and Mexico will attend the convention, which opens today at the Shoreham. Dr. Bibby was chosen for the; award in recognition of his re search work in development and j use of fluorine to prevent tooth de- j cay. The former head of the Tufts College dental school will arrive ’ here Wednesday morning. Business and clinical sessions will be held today. Memorial services for members who died in the armed forces w'ill be held at 10 a.m. to morrow. A tour of the Bethesda Naval Medical Center will be held Wednesday. a Langer Suggests GHI Cover All Federal Aides Organization Asked To Weigh Compulsory Plan for Employes Chairman Langer of ‘the Senate Civil Service Cmnmittee today asked Group Hospitalisation, Inc., officials to consider the possibility of making its hospital prepayment plan com pulsory for all Government workers and to collect payments by payroll deductions. His suggestion was made at a sub committee hearing Senator Langer called to investigate all phases of the organization—particularly as it affects Federal workers. Questioning Vice Admiral Ross T. Mclntire, former physician to Pres ident Roosevelt and a GHI Board of Trustees member, the chairman said there are many workers who ‘'simply don't realize they should en roll for this service until they get into trouble.” Agrees Many Pass Up Plan. Dr. Mclntire said he could see no good reason why the plan should be compulsory because it is offered to Government workers. He agreed, however, that many do not take ad vantage of the opportunity. Senator -Langer also asked why GHI. chartered by Congress as a charity group, could not offer its services to all 2,000,000 Federal workers, whether they live here or not. Joseph H. Himes, GHI presi dent, said this would be difficult because the group has contracts only with hospitals here. Senator Langer also told Mr. Himes he though "it is GHI's job” to offer insurance coverage against hospital bills to individuals who are not employed in establishments which have set up group plans. He pointed out that this is authorized in the charter, which makes GHI tax-exempt. M:-. Himes said that was “a thought-provoking proposal,” but that GHI’s next move is to rebuild a rapidly falling reserve fund. "And when we meet this other problem.” he said, we must do it in a way that is economically sound or we can t continue to offer any service.” Outlines Two Proposals. At the same time, Mr. Himes dis closed he will ask the GHI Board to consider two proposals to expand the service, which now covers 377, 000 Washington residents. The first, he declared, would allow subscribers to keep their policies after the age of 65 even if they are unemployed. At present, those over 65 are dropped from GHI rolls if they retire or lose their jobs. Tils other, he said, would increase payments to Freemen’s Hospital. The hospital—which cannot con tract with GHI because it to a Fed eral institution — now receives smaller payments than do most private hospitals, he explained. Mr. Himes said he hoped even tually that GHI would cover every one except indigents. “And the indigent problem is an obligation the Government should meet 100 per cent.” he added. Says GHI Halts Moves to Left. Mr. Himes, obviously referring to Administration plans for compulsory health insurance, held up GHI as the type of service to halt “moves toward the left." He said “some of these health proposals may taste very sweet,” but that he was afraid of where they might lead. C “A kiss in itself might be quite innocuous,” he added. “But what it leads to may be very dangerous and destructive." Pointing to a “real fear today that probably there is some more socialized health plan in the offing,’' Mr. Himes said he didn’t see how “you can very well have a capitalis tic and a socialistic government under the same roof.” Mr. Himes traced early develop ment of GHI. and said it probably was the fourth earliest hositaliza tion prepayment plan in the Na tion. Under questioning, he ex plained that Government employes* payments are collected by “group treasurers" on the Federal payroll in each agency. Praises Collectors. Asked how many did the collect ing on Government time, Mr. Himes said he had been told a great many collect on their own time. “If they work on Govern ment time," he added, “I think the Government is making a fine ges ture for the welfare of its people.” Praising the efficiency and honesty of these non-bonded volunteers, Mr. Himes said only $59.68 was lost during 1947 through the handling of money by over 4,000 treasurers. Mr. Himes said the GHI reserve fund dropped from $1,218,000 last year to $677,000 through October of this year. Through rate increases that went into effect several weeks ago. he estimated the income would jump from about $2,600,000 this year to about $4,000,000 in 1949. The drop in reserves, he explained, was traced chiefly to increased payments to hospitals for giving treatment. Du Pont Seeks to Improve Plutonium Process By the Associated Press The job of figuring out how the chemical processes used in produc ing plutonium can be improved has been handed the E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. by the Atomic Energy Commission. Announcing this, the commission said a major portion of the coun try’s atomic energy program is now being devoted to making plutonium. It is one of two fissionable materials used in atomic work. "Improvements in tjie chemical phases of the production process offer the best promise of increasing the amount of plutonium produced from a given quantity of uranium and of simplifying the handling of the wastes of the production process,” the commission said. The Du Pont Co., which has head quarters at Wilmington. Del., built and was first operator of the Han ford atomic works at Richland, Oreg. Girl Killed in Collision STAUNTON, Va., Dec. 27 OP).— State police reported that Betty Sue Hall, 19, of North Wilkesboro, N. C., died Saturday in a Staunton Hos pital of injuries received in an automobile collision on Route 11, in Greenville, a few hours earlier.