Newspaper Page Text
New Use Koch Trial,
Urged by 7 Senators, Is Now Up to Army (Continued From First Page.) of North Carolina; Ives, Republican, of New York; McClellan, Democrat, of Arkansas; O'Conor, Democrat, of Maryland, and Thye, Republican, of Minnesota. The subcommittee report was on Its closed hearings on the com mutation of sentence by Gen. Lucius D. Clay, military governor of Ger many, last June 8. “In our opinion, the findings of the trial court (which convicted Frau Koch and 31 others) were jus tified by the record” and there was "no persuasive mitigating evidence In th<* record to justify any reduc tion in the sentence,” the report de clared. Announcement Delay Scored. The Ferguson subcommittee also: 1. Attacked the “most serious er ror” of the military authorities in holding up public announcement of the commutation action for two months. 2. Found that there “was no dearth of evidence” against Frau Koch and that, if the reviewing au thorities later were to “analyze each act committed and to decide on a sentence commensurate with those specific acts” the prosecutor should have been forewarned. 3. Concluded that there had been an incomplete presentation of the facts to the reviewing authority and recommended that the review proc ess in future cases include consid eration of prosecution interests as well as of the defense. 4. Saw “error in the Koch case as an isolated blemish on the vigil ance and certainty” of democratic, processes, but added that "its repi tition must be prevented.” Husband Ran Buchenwald. Frau Koch, 41, was the wife of the commandant of the concentration camp at Buchenwald, which Hitler built as the largest prison of its kind in the world. She was not an official at the camp and was con victed by an American Military court of encouraging, aiding, abett ing and participating in its notor ius operations which included in famous medical experiments, beat ing and all types of killings. The subcommittee found that Frau Koch "was apparently a most bestial woman” and appeared to agree with several witnesses at her trial who testified that she pos sessed human skin lamp shades, a skin-bound album and human skin gloves. The credibility of the witnesses who testified to the lamp shade story was attacked by defense counsel and other witnesses at the trial and the reviewing authority agreed with the defense but the •ubcomittee concluded: "In spite of the fact that the customary rules of evidence are re laxed in war crimes trials, the evi ILSE KOCH. dence for and against Ilse Koch was In large measure direct eye witness testimony.” Major Made Recommendation. The first recommendation that. Frau Koch’s sentence be commuted, the subcommittee reported, came from Maj. Thomas C. Marmon after a review of the case submitted to him by Harold E. Kuhn and Rich ard A. Schneider. Maj. Marmon made his recom mendation to his superior, Lt. Col. C. E. Straight, deputy judge advo cate for war crimes, “because he dis believed the testimony regarding Ilse Koch's role as assistant camp commander and that pertaining to. her having prisoners executed for their tattooed skins, and that, j therefore, she was not within the charge,” the report said. This review then went to Col. J. L. Harbaugh, judge advocate general of the European theater, who, “without having read the complete record of the trial, concurred in the recommendation” and forwarded it to Gen. Clay, the report said. “It is surprising that the only written justification for the com- j mutation of Ilse Koch in existence: at the time of the signing of thej order (by Gen. Clay) was the re-1 view made by Mr. Kuhn and Mr. I Schneider,” the subcommittee com-: mented. Explanation Sought In October. It also reported that it was not until October 6, after the Senate investigation had been initiated, that Col, Harbaugh ordered a board of review “to reconvene and explain more fully the reasoning by which it had arrived at its recommenda tions.” The group quoted Col. Hoard F. Bresee, chief of the war crimes board of review branch, as saying that the Buchenwald cases were the only ones in which he did not “make any recommendation in writ ing.” t "We do not attempt to draw any conclusion from this omissoin,” the subcommittee stated. “We do wish to point out the fact that the re viewing authority reduced the sen HELICOPTER BOARDS CARRIER—An eight-passenger, twin-rotor helicopter is shown landing on the deck of the aircraft carrier Saipan at Norfolk, Va., just before the Saipan sailed Saturday to take part in the attempt to rescue 13 airmen stranded on a Qreenland ice cap. —AP Photo. Rescue (Continued From First Page.) more than 30 miles an hour, when it ran into winds up to 100 miles an hour late yesterday. The Saipan took a fierce batter ing. The five helicopters and two torpedo bombers lashed down with cables on the hangar deck took it in stride. But five of eight radio antennaes were swept away from the flight deck and another put out of com mission. Fourteen life rafts were torn from their chains and hurled into the sea. Capt. Kane reduced speed to 15 knots, and at about 6 p.m. ordered another cut to 10. Officers in charge of this “Opera tion Icecap” remained confident that the helicopters can be used to rescue the airmen. Capt. Kane radioed naval chiefs that he saw “no insurmountable obstacles to completion of the mission.” Even in calm weather—and clear skies and wind velocity under 40 miles are essential for the use of helicopters—the rescue job would be difficult. The heavies of the rescue effort will be three Piasecki aircraft of the Marine Corps first helicopter squadron based at Quantico. These double motor planes will be backed up by the new-type Sikorsky heli copters. Capt. Kane expected to pick up an Air Force liaison officer by air as the carrier passed Argentia naval base in Newfoundland. The Saipan was to rendezvous with an ice break er off the Greenland coast. At the launching point off Green land the helicopters will take off for the ice cap if the wind holds to form. They then will fly the ma rooned airmen 110 miles south to tence on Use Koch apparently on the sole basis of the sketchy and incomplete written recommendation of Lt. Col. Straight, concurred in by the other reviewing officers.” Pointing out that Col. Harbaugh based his recommendation on the. ground that he “did not believe she i was responsible for the deaths of! any of the inmates,” the subcom-j mittee declared that if the evidence: was sufficient to support a finding of guilty “there can be no degree of guilt as to participation in the common design.” Eight Officers on Court. There were no "mitigating cir cumstances” in the Koch case, the group said, and whatever she did! “she did as a volunteer.” It pointed out that the trial court was composed of eight high-ranking Army officers, one of them an ex perienced lawyer. The subcommittee concluded that the action had caused some loss of prestige to the Army in Germany. It also released testimony by the w^nesses who appeared before it. The witnesses included Army Secretary Royall who said concern ing the record of the Koch ca.se: “Reading that alone, • • * would be subject to criticism.” However, the secretary added that ‘ any damage that has been done the occupation already has been done in large measure” since "it, has already gotten into the public press.” The subcommittee said that it "hoped that a full disclusure now • * • will at least dissipate the be lief that any one connected with the review consciously acted adversely to the best interests of the United States, regardless of the gross negli gence involved.” Prosecutor Testifies. William D. Denson of Falls Church, the prosecutor in the case, also appeared before the subcom mittee. He said that the evidence presented in the Koch case would have been sufficient to convict her in a court in this country. “There was some hearsay,” he admitted. But he pointed to the trial testimony of Dr. Konrad Mor gen, a German judge-investigator, "when he stated that she had caused the death of numerous pris oners.” “But did you have testimony, di rect witnesses, that she was respon sible for deaths and beatings?” Sen ator Ferguson asked. “Yes sir,” he replied. He added Frau Koch personally beat prisoners and that one of those so beaten testified at the trial. Gen. Clay did not testify but he told a news conference here October 21: "My judgment may have been wrong, but it is the judgment for w'hich I am responsible to my own conscience, dictated in the sincere belief that in the years to come those who read the history of that evidence would not find that the sentence conformed to American justice and it would leave our war trials themselves on a record not | of complete Justice as we would want them ” , DEW HUM TOWN HOUSE CRACKERS by KEEBLER Bluie West One Air Force and Naval Base. Seven of tfte airmen have been on the ice cap since December 9. The others joined them at intervals, two on Christmas Day. in futile ef forts to rescue them by plane and glider. The Siapan set out in heavy fog that hid the Virginia Capes. Its battle with the storm yesterday may not have been the last. There were signs of better weather today, but predictions were that worse weather would set in again tonight when the carrier passes Cape Race. Arctic Weather Delays New Rescue Attempts By tht Associated Pr«si A new attempt to rescue 13 air men helplessly huddled on the bleak Greenland icecap was delayed today by Arctic elements. An Air Force official said a C-82 towing a glider to a Greenland base was forced to turn back to Goose | Bay, Labrador, because of badj weather. This is the third glider the Air Force has lugged up for the Green land rescue. One was ruined by high winds. Another, dropped Christmas Day, snapped its towline in a rescue attempt and may be damaged. The men are well supplied. Would-pe Rescuers Included. Almost half of them are would-be rescuers. The original seven crashed in a C-47 December 9. The scene is a snow-covered spot about 100 miles from the Air Force's nearest base, Bluie West 1. Two men cracked up a B-17 in a rescue attempt December 13 and joined the first group in a snow hut, eating food dropped by planes from the base. On December 17 a glider with two men aboard was dropped, but at temps to snatch it into the air with the marooned men failed. Finally two more men went in Christmas Day, making the total 13. Meanwhile, the Arctic expert, Col. Bernt Balchen. reached Winnipeg. Canada, in a flight from Alaska to aid in the rescue. A jet equipped C-47 of the Air Force is waiting at another Green land base, Bluie West 9, some 380 miles north of the crash scene. This ski-mounted plane has been waiting for a break in the weather. Another Plane at Goose Bay. Another plane, a C-82, arrived at Goose Bay last night with a Knocked-down Cessna airplane. Equipped with skis, the light Cessna can carry three or four passengers and take off with a short run, the Air Force official said. Either the Cessna or the Jet equipped C-47 seems more likely to get the men off, since the glider method has been unsuccessful up to now, he said. The main difficulty with the glider pickup seems to be that the glider sticks in the snow, requiring a violent jerk to free it. This in turn is believed responsible for the breaking of tow lines. The men on the ice got their Christmas turkey and a Christmas sermon. The turkey was dropped to them and the chaplain at Bluie West 1 delivered the sermon by radio. „_t____ A barkhan is a traveling mound, or dune, of loose sand. Some in Egypt have been known to move as much as 30 feet a year. Double your home movie fun by giving your pictures thst profe»sional“Hollywood Touch” with exeiting movie accessories. Come in and see us today. Here are just A few of the wonder ful movie values you will find in our store: lenses„v:;:.i.28«» meters,::;:. i4R-« SCREENS 9'96“» : SPLICERS 4"» FILTERS CR EDITORS 5" - 1,000 Different Home Movie Films, All Subjects. Color Films, Tripods, Movie Instruc tion books. 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Some definite decision is expected early this week, for party veterans insist that the Republicans must be organized when the new Con gress meets January 3. The Danish Army is to have the same size ammunition used by the United States Army. Five Men Board Bus, Seize 29 Weekly Passes A Capital Transit^ bus driver re ported to police that five colored men entered his bus early today at Seventh and O street N.W. and fled with 29 weekly passes. The driver, Robert G. Letts, 311 j Ethan Allen avenue, Takoma Park,! Md., said two men entered the front! door of his parked empty bus while | another three came through the1 rear door. He said he walked to the rear of the bus to collect fares from those in the rear and the other two men, seated in front, grabbed a book of passes from the dashboard. Then all five fled on foot with the passes, good for this week and worth $50.75. In another robbery last night, an 86-year-old colored man was knocked to the sidewalk and robbed of $50 by a man and woman in the 200 block of Morgan street N.W. He is in undetermined condition of Freedmen’s Hospital. • Richard Barnes, 1202 Kirby street N.W., said he was walking east on Morgan street at 9:45 p.m. when the pair grabbed him and knocked him to the ground. He said the woman grabbed $50 in bills from his pants pocket. They then fled on foot. The victim said his assail ants were light-skinned colored persons. The man was 6 feet tall and about 22 years old and the woman was about 32, he told police. Cash (Continued From First Page.) a sister in Richmond who in turn mailed it to her here. Mrs. Ramsey said she indorsed the check and mailed it to her sister, who cashed It. "She got 200 $50 bills,” Mrs. Ramsey said, “and mailed them to me in a big envelope.” Mrs. Ramsey said ordinary mail was used in sending the indorsed check and the cash. Mrs. Ramsey, who was carried from the blazing house by her hus band and her sister-in-law, Mrs. Susie Ramsey Olano, 28, said mem bers of the family re-entered the house after firemen brought the blaze under control but could find no trace of the money. Members of the Bladensburg Res VICTIMS OF CASH-CONSUMING FIRE—Mrs. Sylvester Ramsey, jr. (reclining), reported she lost $10,000 in cash in a fire today which burned a house near Seat Pleasant, Md. Others in the pho tograph, all of whom lived in the house, are (left to right) Mrs. Susie Glano, holding Mary Lea Ramsey! 2; Roy Rush, Mrs. Robert Ramsey (seated), holding Robert Ramsey, jr., 7 months; Mrs. Sylvester Ramsey, sr„ holding Shirley Marie Ramsey, 3, and Sylvester Ramsey, jr. —^Star Staff Photo. cue Squad took Mrs. Ramsey on a stretcher to the next-door dwelling of Paul D. Carter. Mr. Ramsey and Mrs. Olano had placed her in an automobile after they helped her from a first-floor room. Neither Mrs. Ramsey nor any of the other occupants of the house was injured in the blaze, which quickly burned out the entire interior de spite the efforts of four Are com panies. When the fire was brought under control, only the exterior walls and part of the roof remained. The house was not insured. Others In the house were Mrs. Sylvester Ramsey, sr., 54; Mrs. Robert Ramsey. 22; daughter-in law of the elder Ramseys, and her three children, and 15-year-old Roy Rush, nephew of Mrs. Ramsey, jr. I The three children of Mr. and Mrs. | Robert Ramsey are Shirley Marie, ,3; Mary Lee, 2, and Robert, jr., 7 months. The only persons not at home at the time were Robert Ramsey, 23, and Carl Glano, 40, husband of Mrs. Glano. The fire was discovered by Syl vester Ramsey, who was on the sec ond floor eating his breakfast. “I heard my dog* barking,” Mr. Ramsey said, "and I smelled smoke. I went out into the hall and saw flames shooting out of the celling near the chimney. ‘‘I yelled for everyone to get out and called to Mr. Carter that the, house was on fire.” Fire companies from Seat Pleas ant, Capitol Heights, Bladensburg and Tuxedo-Cheverly responded to the call from Mr. Carter. GOAL Ordero Takon Day or Night Vo. Stove and Nut-$15.95 Va. Paa. $13.30 Pocahontas Egg and Stovo $16.45 Poca. Nut $15.25; Poa .$14.55 Black Diamond Egg-$13.25 75% Lump _$12.25 Pa. Stovo, $19.45; Nut, $19.50 Pa Poa, $17.15; Buck, $13.95 ! • ALASKA • Coal fir Brick Co. NA. 5885 CH. 7700 j Be here for the opening gong tomorrow! e *55 pure wool coverts! *55 pure wool suedes! 39.95 $55.00 black coats! $55.00 grey coats! $55.00 green, brown, wine coats! More dramatic new coats than your wildest dreams would encompass-and all going at just 39.95. More luxurious fabrics, more costly needlework* coats with the looks and lasting qualities of custom-madesl Because they're Bond Rochester tailored. 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