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Sunny today, high about 52. Fair tonight, low 30. Tomorrow, sunny, high 45. (Full report on page A-2.) Midnight _.39 6 a.m_39 11 a.m-47 | 2 a.m_39 8 a.m_40 Noon-51 4 a.m_39 10 a.m-45 1 p.m. ---52 Late New York Markets, Page A-17. Guide for Readers rage Amusements _.B-16 Comics_B-14-15 Editorial_A-10 Edit’al Articles A-ll Finance _A-17 Lost and Found A-3 P»*e Obituary_A-12 Radio _B-15 Society, Clubs _.B-3 Sports_A-14-15 Woman’s Page B-8 Where to Go_B-2 An Associated Press Newspaper 97th Year. No. 37. Phone ST. 5000 SS ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1949—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. 1 ' 1 i • City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday. S1.20 a Month. When 6 M /'Vt7ixrrPC! Sundays. $1.30. Nlaht Pinal Edition. $1.30 and $1.40 per Month ® X S3 Hoover Board Asks Congress ToMerge 65 Offices in About23, Give President Wider Powers Authority to Hire Would Be Vested In Each Agency By Francis P. Douglas The Hoover Commission called today for a reshuffling of the sprawling Government establish ment which would telescope 65 agencies into a tight group about a third of that size under Ann control of the President. Reporting to Congress on its 16-month study of streamlining procedures, the commission rec ommended also that the indi vidual agencies be empowered to do their own hiring, with pro cedures and standards prescribed and supervised by the Civil Serv ice Commission. In proposing to give the Presi dent broad new powers over his official family of 2.000.000 mem bers, the commission, headed by former President Herbert Hoover, said this step is necessary in the present “critical state of world affairs." Three Billion Annual Saving. Mr. Hoover said in a press con ference this afternoon that esti mates of savings to be achieved by the commission's reorganization plans exceed $3,000,000,000 yearly. He said these estimates were not his. but were made by chairmen of the commission's “task forces.” Mr. Hoover also said that fears had been expressed that the In terior Department would be abol ished. “There is no need to be alarmed about Interior," he re marked. Supporting tne recommenda tion for bringing the 65 executive departments. administrations, boards, agencies and commissions in to a compact group of about 23, the surveying body said that now these report to the President “if they report to anyone,” and that it is an impossibility for the President to supervise such a lay out. As a result, it amplified, “au- j thority is diffused, lines of au thority are confused, staff serv ices are insufficient.” Expanded Staff Asked. To bolster the supervision over the projected set-up, tiie Presi dent would be fortified with new staff officials, a powerful “man agerial arm” in an expanded budget office, much wider power to recognize government offices and authority to name many offi cials without Senate approval. Today's report was the first of 15 that the bipartisan commission will submit to Congress by March 13. Details of the proposed merger of agencies will come in these later blueprints. While various estimates have come from the commission at various times on economies that the proposed revamping would accomplish, the overall report to day offers no figure. A “task force committee” report accompanying the commission’s recomendations said it is im possible to determine accurately what specific economies can be realized. It said that some saving can be made in better utilization of personnel, but that more at tention must be given to spending oh supplies and construction. This committee said also that the pay of Government employes must be increased “to a level which not only permits decent family maintenance, but also pro vides some attraction.” Some Agencies Escape. Omitted from the list of offices due for shakeup in commission recommendations were nine "reg ulatory” agencies, including three ^Interstate Commerce Commis sion, Federal Reserve Board and Securities and Exchange Com mission—which many Congress men want outside of the Presi dents reorganizing authority. The President has asked for blanket powers. The report, however confirmed previous new stories in The Star that the commission favors decen i Continued on Page A-5, Col. 2.) Royall Arrives in Korea, Sees President Rhee By the Associated Press SEOUL. Feb. 7.—Army Secre tary Royall arrived here today by plane from Tokyo. He was greeted at the airport by Prime Minister Lee Bum Suk and then went immediately to President Syngman Rhee's resi dence for a reception. Mr. Royall will confer with the American Army command tomor row before continuing to Okinawa, Guam and Hawaii on his return trip to the United States. He spent a week in Japan and addressed the American Chamber of Commerce in Tokyo before de parting. The Secretary warned Amer icans there would be disappoint ments for them in enforcement of Japanese economic stabilization program. But, he added, “Japa nese recovery will move forward” and “there is no place for pessi mism in Tokyo today.” Army Engineers Lead Agencies Fighting Plan, Hoover Asserts Success of Campaign for Exemption Would Be 'Disaster/ Ex-President Says Former President Hoover today denounced what he described as drives by “propagandists” to ex empt some agencies from Govern ment reorganization plans and singled out the Army Corps of Engineers for particular criticism. Mr. Hoover said the engineers have “mobilized friends through the country to bombard Con gfess” for exemption of the afeency. He made the statement while testifying before the Senate Ex penditures Committee on the ad ministration’s reorganiza tion measure. Later at a press conference he declared that if the Army engineers’ campaign succeeds “it’s the end of reorgani zation.” Mr. Hoover said it would be “a disaster” to exempt any agency and that such exemptions had Killed reorganization plans in the past. If the Army engineers succeed, he remaned, it would be evidence to other bureaus of what they might accomplish. "It's a perfect example of the kind of grasshopper flight which would destroy reorganization,” Mr. Hoover declared. At the Senate hearing, Senator Taylor, Democrat, of Idaho, said 2,000 telegrams urging exemption of the engineers had been received by the committee clerk. Meanwhile, the House appeared ready to approve a bill giving Pres ident Truman broad authority to reorganize almost all of the exec utive departments. Speaker Ray burn predicted approval by a three-to-one margin. Mr. Hoover strongly defended the reorganization plans as chair man of a commission created by Congress last year to survey the whole problem of trimming a lot of red tape and administrative overlappings out of tha Govern ment. The former President indorsed (See REORGANIZATION, A-57) Woods Predicts Rents Will Rise 50 to 60 Pet. / Unless Congress Acts Urges House Committee To Back Extension and Strengthened Controls By th« Associated Press Tighe E. Woods. Federal housing expediter, today forecast a 50 to 60 per cent rent raise unless Con gress continues and strengthens rent controls. Mr. Woods urged the House Banking Committee to approve the administration bill extending rent control through March 31, 1951. The present act will die next March 31 unless Congress acts. The bill also would extend ceil ings to several types of accom modations not now covered. It also would give the expediter au thority to recontrol areas that have been decontrolled. Mr. Woods said the expanded controls are needed to kill what he described as a “growing black market” in rental property. To do this, he said it is necessary for him to be able to regulate evic tions, bring criminal actions against landlords and sue for treble damages for violations. Some Rents Doubled. He said the end of rent controls now' “would force millions to in crease their rent payments at the expense of diets, medical care, clothing and other necessities of life.” The housing expediter testified that rents have doubled on some classes of rental property that were decontrolled under the re vised rent law enacted by Con gee RENTS, Page A-4.) 30 German Skiers Killed As Bus Skids Off Road By th« Associated Press DONAUESCHINGEN, Gcr many, Feb. 7.—Thirty German skiers were killed last night when a bus in which they were return ing from a Black Forest ski center skidded on an icy road and tum bled down a 60-foot crevice. Police reported 17 were killed instantly and 13 others died in a hospital. Thirty-seven persons still are hospitalized with severe injuries. Donaueschtpgen is near Freiburg in the French occupation zone. Truman Gets Pledge Of NAM Backing for Global Peace Plan Bennett Sees President, Offers Organization's Aid On 'Bold Program' President Truman today re ceived a pledge of assistance in promoting his “bold new pro gram” for global peace and pros perity from the National Associa tion of Manufacturers. The association was one of the principal targets of Mr. Truman during his campaign when he fre quently accused the organization of helping to break up price con trol. After a long conference this morning, Wallace F. Bennett of Salt Lake City, president ol the NAM. said he and several asso-, dates who called at the White House offered the President “the experience and facilities of the National Association of Manu facturers and its committees for his program to increase the pro ductivity of undeveloped parts of the world.” “Very Happy” at Reaction The President's plan was out lined in his inaugural address and Mr. Bennett said that “we were very happy” at the President’s reaction to their offer. “He en couraged us to do what we could to prepare information and sug gestions against the time when • See NAM. Page A-5.) North Western Cancels Pacific Coast Trains (Detailed Storm Story on Page A-5.) By the Associated Press CHICAGO. Feb. 7.—The Chica go & North Western Railway can celed all trains leaving today for the West Coast because of the se vere storm along the routes of the Union Pacific and Southern Pa cific lines, which through North Western trains use. The City of Denver, however, left f<g Denver as scheduled to day. The cancellations are in ef fect only today. Trains not running are the City of Los Angeles. City of San Fran cisco, Overland Limited. Los An geles Limited and the Gold Coast Limited. The railway's City of Portland will run to Omaha, Nebr., only. Task Force Criticizes 'Plotting' By Officials Against Superiors A Hoover Commission task force" today reported that too often Government bureau chiefs are disposed to plot against their departmental heads, and that an “appalling” animosity has devel oped around some staffs. The statements were made in a report on departmental man agement submitted as an appen dix to the commission’s first re port to Congress. Another section said one Gov ! ernment department was headed for 17 years by “a continuous suc cession of individuals who took almost no interest in the depart ment as such, or whose qualities of leadership were so meager that J the department as a department i scarcely existed at all.” Names of the departments and individuals criticized were not given. As for animosities which devel oped around some departmental staffs, the report said “undoubt edly a good part of the fault lies with the staffs themselves.” The section of the report citing! plotting by bureau chiefs and ani mosities among staff members was written by H. Struve Hensel of New York, former Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and John D. Millett, Columbia University professor. Their report was not all critical and said: “Departmental man agement has not been tried and found wanting. Rather it has been growing with increased vigor. The problem is one of improve ment . . .” The "task force”—a sub study group of the commission—found a lot in names. It said the title of “assistant secretary” was morej sought after than the title “gen- | eral counsel” and that the title “assistant to the Attorney Gen eral” in rio wise indicated the im portance of that position and may have contributed to its de cline. It said the title "deputy Attorney General” would be more effective. x Power to Seize Struck Plants Asked at Hearing W. H. Davis Favors Wagner Law; Denham Calls Taft Act Sound By J. A. O'Leary William H. Davis, former chair man of the War Labor Board, told the Senate Labor Committee today he has come reluctantly to the conclusion that Congress should outline in law broad powers the President could use to protect the Nation against grave national strikes. At the same time, he said he would not preserve the Taft-Hart ley Act, but would go back to the Wagner Law with any amend ments that would encourage free collective bargaining. He was especially critical of the injunc tion weapon in Taft-Hartley for enforcing an 80-day cooling-off period in national strikes, saying it is ineffective. Other developments today were: 1. Robert N. Denham, general counsel to the National Labor Re lations Board, described the Taft Hartley Law as “basically sound" but suggested it probably “could be amended to the advantage of everyone." He defended the pro vision which made the counsel independent of the board. 2. Republican sources indicated a belief that more than a dozen Southern Democrats will join with them to preserve most of the Taft Hartley Act. v Could Seize Essential Services. The emergency strike formula Mr. Davis suggested would em power the President to take over and keep essential services run ning. If the labor dispute was not settled In 30 days, he would re quire the President to set up a board to fix the compensation both for the owners of the in dustry and for the workers who were required to remain on the job. The committee adjourned at noon and may not reconvene until tonight because of Senate floor debate. At the next hearing, Mr. Denham will be cross examined. All through the testimony of Mr. Davis ran the thought that the Government should impose a minimum of coercion in dealing with everyday labor-management relations. His views, aside from the problem of handling grave strikes, were summed up when Senator Pepper, Democrat, of Florida, asked him if it would be better to keep Taft-Hartley or go back to the Wagner Act with some amendments. Favors Wagner Act. ‘‘I would not preserve the Taft Hartley law,” said the witness, who is now in private life as a patent lawyer. "I don't want to double cross my own profession, but there is too much work for lawyers in it. I would go back to the Wagner Act. in the way that Bob Wagner would go back to it, by saying. ‘I'll accept any amend ment that advances collective bargaining.’ ” Mr. Davis said he has been one of those w'ho felt that the office of Fresident has broad constitu tional power to do whatever ap pears necessary in a national (6ee LABOR, Page A-4.) Truman Weighs Holiday At Key West in March President Truman is considering a brief holiday at Key West early in March. The President has had a stiff grind for the last few weeks with his messages to Congress and the inaugural ceremonies, and ad visors want him to get a rest. His engagements probably make it im possible to get away to the ‘‘Little White House” before the second week in March. / ...NOW GET IN / N \ THERE AN'KNOCK 1/ FORALOOPyg Lange to Get U. S. Side Of Choice Between Russia and West Acheson to Urge Norway To Line Up in Alliance To Halt Aggression SCANDINAVIAN PRESS jf J Russia for Norway Pact Qf Pafl -4. By th« Associated Press Norway's foreign minister turned to the State Department today for the United States side of the is sue: Should he back the Russian or the American plan for guard ing his country against aggres sion? Secretary of State Acheson was expected to urge him, in effect, to line up with the United States, Canada and Western Europe in a firm North Atlantic alliance. The Norwegian diplomat, Hal yard M. Lange, arrived here yes terday amid mounting concern in his country over a sudden offer bv Russia to conclude a non-aggres sion pact with the Norwegian gov ernment. Mr. Acheson arranged to see him during the afternooil. Specific Advice Unlikely. American officials doubted in advance that Mr. Acheson would offer any specific advice on the course Norway should adopt to ward this Russian move. They saw the Secretary's job as making it clear, by presenting facts, that Norway could best protect its in terests by rejecting Russia's offer. Mr. Acheson and the American Government were reported ready to assure Mr. Lange that no bases will be required on Norwegian soil if Norway decides to join the North Atlantic defense arrange ment. Russia’s apparent unwillingness to accept Norway’s assurance that it does not contemplate offering such bases has stirred anxiety in Norwegian government circles. The Soviet government has de nounced the formation of the North Atlantic Alliance and re peatedly claimed it in effect rep-| resents an aggressive move not in keeping with the United Na tions. Labeled as Terrorists. American Government officials, promptly labeled Russia's offer of a non-aggression pact a none-too subtle effort by Moscow to fright en the Norwegians into staying out of the North Atlantic Alliance. The State Department declined to comment officially. Government authorities con cerned with the problem nffted, however, that Mr. Lange refused to allow the Russian move to (See ATLANTIC 1PACT, Pg. A-2.) Snowstorm Demolishes Arab Refugee Camp By the Associated Press AMMAN, Trans-Jordan. Feb. 7. —Gale-driven snows demolished an Arab refugee’camp near here today, sending thousands of per sons scurrying for shelter. They were given temporary refuge in schools and mosques. The Star's Larger Type Today’s Star is printed in larger body type, designed to make it easier to read. This type, in, which the reading matter henceforth will be set, is 7/2 point “Ionic No. 5,” on an 8'/2-point base. It represents an increase in the type face from 7 to IV2 points and an increase of base from 8 to 8*2, which improves the legibility. On Page 1 this legibility is further improved by a 9-point base. Ionic No:' 5, designed by the MergCnthaler Linotype Co., has been used by The Star for many years, first in 6 point, then 6% point. 7 and now 7'/2 point. In 1938, when it was decided to increase to 7 point, extensive samplings were made and the advice of type and eye specialists sought It was their opinion that this face was superior to others. It has been re examined recently and, in retaining it in the larger 7 Va-point size, it Is felt that the best in newspaper body type design has been brought to The Star. Catholics Joined by Protestants In Denouncing Mindszenty Trial X Spellman Warns of Threat to U. S. in Red Penetration DISTRICT CHURCHMEN Call Mindszenty Trial an “Assault on Religion.” Page A-3 By the Associated Press Protests against the treason trial of Josef Cardinal Mindszenty have reached a new crescendo as a people's court in Communist dominated Hungary prepared to pass sentence. The leader of Hungarian Roman Catholics—termed by the prosecution “one of the last remnants of reaction” in the Soviet satellite—prayed alone today in his jail cell, awaiting the court’s verdict tomorrow. But millions of Catholics—and a number of Protestants—raised their voice in the world outside the Iron Curtain. Exiled Hungarians who fled their native land under threat of the iron fist of communism pro tested, too. On the other side of the iron curtain, it was a different story. The cardinal's trial was declared a triumph over a "monarchist-Cath olic” plot and “reactionary propa (Continued on Page A-3, Col. 2.) Rules Group Approval Of Curb on Filibusters Expected Wednesday Democrats to Oppose Any G. 0. P. Effort to Force Action Today By Chalmers M. Roberts Chairman Hayden of the Senate Rules Committee predicted today the group will approve on Wed- j nesday a rules change designed to curb filibusters. His prediction came as the Sen ate prepared today to take up a Republican move to force immedi ate action on the change. But Senate Democrats already have decided in caucus to oppose that maneuver. The floor argument today will center around a plan to cut off debate at any time by a two-thirds vote of Senators, something which cannot now be done on certain types of motions. Committee Discharge Asked. Senator Knowland, Republican, of California, last week filed a motion to discharge the Rules Committee from further consider-1 ation of the change, thus bringing j it to the floor at once. Democrats cried “politics” and agreed, what ever their own feelings on the fili buster issue, to stick together and vote down the motion, either to day or tomorrow. The Hayden prediction thus will allow Democrats today to point to expected committee ap proval at its next meeting on Wednesday as a reason for not approving immediate action via the Knowland motion. It is uncertain, however, just when the rules change, if it is ap proved Wednesday, will reach the Senate floor. It could come up early next week. Majority Leader (See FILIBUSTER, Page A-2.) Moscow Press Notes New York Stock Slump iy the A*sociot«d Pres* MOSCOW, Feb. 7.—The Moscow press noted today, without com ment, the recent fall in prices on the New York Stock Exchange. Pravda, the Communist Party organ, headlined its story “prices continue to fall on New York Stock Exchange.” Most Russian economists have long predicted that a depression surely is coming to capitalist coun tries. Hungarian Cardinal Waits in Jail to Hear Sentence Tomorrow By Endre Marton (Mr. Marton, a native Hungarian, ft a resident Associated Press correspond ent in Budapest The Hungarian gov ernment has refused to admit American Associated Press correspondents.) BUDAPEST, Hungary Feb. 7.— Josef Cardinal Mindszenty, the 56-year-old leader of Hungary's 7,000,000 Catholics, today awaited! the verdict of a people's court on charges of treason against the Communist - dominated govern ment. Presiding Judge Vilmos Olthys and four lay-jurists who heard the dramatic three-day trial of Cardinal Mindszenty and six others accused with him are to hand down their judgment to morrow at 9 a.m. (3 a.m.. EST). If found guilty, the Cardinal faces possible death by hanging. The verdict will come 44 days after the Cardinal was jailed. Besides treason he was accused of spying and black market money deals. His arrest followed a long and bitter battle between Cardinal Mindszenty and the government, over state seizure of Catholic i schools and other issues j The Hungarian Communist (Continued on Page A-3, Col. 6.) Miss Gillars Described As'Really Sharped Up' For Radio Interviews Ex-Sergeant Calls Her 'Something to Look at' In Hospital in 1944 By James J. Cullinane Mildred E. (Axis Sally) Gillars was “really something to look at” when she entered a hospital in German-occupied Paris in July of 1944 to interview wounded Amer ican soldiers for German propa ganda broadcasts, an ex-sergeant of the 30th Division testified in District Court today. The witness, Paul Kestel, 26. of Detroit, looked intently at the white-haired, 48-year-old depend ant who is on trial for her life on charges of treason, when Defense Attorney James J. Laughlin asked him if her appearance had changed since he saw her in Paris. “Oh. yes sir," Kestel replied, “her hair was real dark black then, but her facial expressions' are the same.” Mr. Laughlin asked Kestel to tell the jury how Miss Gillars looked when she entered his hos pital ward. “She was really sharped up,” Mr. Kestel said. “Something to Look At.” “She was wearing a black dress with orange flowers—sort of a print. Her hair was all done up. She was really something to took at.” Wolf whistles accompanied Miss Gillars’ progress down the hospital corridor where he occupied the upper half of a double-deck bunk, the witness said. He was the second ex-GI called as an eyewitness of one of the (See AXIS SALLY, Page A-4.) Marshalls Flying Here From Puerto Rico By the Associated Press SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico, Feb. 7. — Former Secretary of State George C. Marshall left for Wash ington this morning aboard Pres ident Truman’s private plane. He has been vacationing here, recu perating from a kidney operation. Gen. Marshall told newsmen he was going to Walter Reed Hos- j pital for a final checkup. He added that he probably will see the President tomorrow. Mis. Marshall accompanied him. Big Dice Game Story Told as 4 ' Are Indicted Fay Reveals Assault On Businessman at Woodley Place House The story of an alleged $50,000 dice game operating in a private residence on exclusive Woodley Place was unfolded today by United States Attorney George Morris, Fay as four men were in dicted oh gaming charges. One of the four also was in dicted on charges of assault with a dangerous weapon and assault with intent to kill Robert E. Rick er, a former businessman from Hawaii. Mr. Ricker, according to Mr. Fay, said he lost $7,500 at a dice table in the basement of 2730 Woodley place N.W. from last October until the early morning of January 6 when his gambling activities wound up with a cut on the side of his heod and an at tempt on his life. $100 Starting Bet. From Mr. Ricker's sworn state ment and that of a cab driver and two neighbors, Mr. Fay re constructed this story on the basis of which l:e presented the case to the grand jury: Mr. Ricker had been frequent ing a nearby race track when someone suggestid he could do his gambling at the Woodley place address. He was told he could identify himself by giving a num ber on Q street. When he first went to the place last October, the door was opened by Herman Kadan. alias "The Judge,” who said, “You’re Bob," as if he had been expected. Kadan took him down to the basement where he saw a pool table with tape used to mark the odds. One pair of dice was used. Any rolls on the table from a cup were good, regardless of whether the dice rolled into money. No silver was used in the game and the maximum starting bet was $100. Generally $20 or $50 was laid down by the customer to start a roll. Sets Losses at $30,000 Joseph H. Scheve, alias “Big Joe Henderson,” kept the bank. Mr. Ricker estimated “Big Joe” kept $20,000 on his person. As much as $50,000 in house money was in evidence. Mr. Ricker estimated he made ,40 trips to the house, but was never successful. During the eve nings from the start of play at 10:30 p.m. until dawn, he saw 30 ; to 40 customers but he didn’t re call their ever taking any win nings out of the place. Once he got ahead sufficiently to take $600 to a friend waiting in a cab in front of the house but before the evening was over, he made three trips to the cab. took all the money back and lost it. In the course of his gambling at the track and at Woodley place, he estimated he lost more than $30,000 of which $7,500 was dropped at the dice game. He sold his two cars, and lost the proceeds, sold real estate owned by himself and his wife and lost that too along with the proceeds from the sale of his business in Hawaii. Wife Still Arguing. He pawned his watch, gave post dated checks and IOUs which he later redeemed. On the night of January 5 he was at the dice table with a friend when he was told his wife had arrived. Outside of Mrs. Kadan, he had never seen a woman in the place. Mrs. Ricker was arguing with "Big Joe.” Mr. Ricker tried to get her to leave, but his friend per suaded him to go back to the Ricker apartment at 2400 Six (See GAMBLINGTPage A-4.) 3 Bandits Rob PostOffice In Kansas of $15,000 By the Associated Press WICHITA. Kans., Feb. 7.— Three bandits robbed the North Wichita branch postofflce today and escaped with postal notes and money orders amounting to about $15,000. Robert L. Davis, supervisor of the station, said three men fol lowed him for about a block on his way to work and forced him into a back room of the postoffice, where the safe is located. Mr. Davis said the men forced him to open the safe, which contained the postal notes and money orders. When Mr. Davis refused to open an inner safe, a small strong box, the men slugged him, he said. The three then fled. # Late News Bulletin Marzani Granted Rehearing The Supreme Court today granted a rehearing to Carl A. Marzani. former State Depart ment employe who was con victed in District Court in 1947 on charges of making false statements to Govern ment authorities. That con viction was upheld by the Supreme Court in a 4-to-4 de cision last December 20. H* was charged with falsely stat ing that he never belonged to the Communist Party.