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Premier'sCall on Reds
To Ease Peace Terms Displeases Nanking By AueeiotMi Pr»»» NANKING. Peb. 7.—China’s refugee government in Canton and Acting President Li Tsung-jen here are separated by more than distance. There is a marked difference in policy. Premier Sun Fo brought it into the open over the week end. Sun warned the Communists they must soften their peace de mands or the Nationalists will continue the war. The Premier objected particularly to Red de mands that Communist - listed "war criminals” be handed over. 8un’s name is on that list along with those of Li, Chiang Kai-shek, Madame Chiang. her rich brother, T. V. Boong, and others. At a Canton Kuomintang (gov ernment) Party meeting, Sun said of the four South China prov inces: “We are confident this vast territory can be defended.” He expressed doubt the Communists actually want peace. New Currency Reported. A Honk Kong Communist news paper. Hwa 8hiang-po, said a new currency had been ordered for the four southern provinces of Kwangtung. Kiangsi, Hunan and Fukien. A printing companyI that has been printing Nationalist j gold yuan notes, the newspaper | aaid, has been ordered to begin printing "a four united provinces' bank note.” Old Nanking associates of the premier were opening displeased with his Canton statement. One said he considered it "most un fortunate” that Sun should sug gest continuing the war when the slightest tip of the scales might upset peace feelers. The premier’s South China warning again demonstrated that even if Li managed to get some agreement from the Reds. South China leaders might not accept it. Despite this situation, Li’s as sociates said he had no thought of abandoning his peace efforts. But his problems are increased by the distance between his Nan king office and Canton, where the cabinet has holed up. . Courier planes fly important documents between the two cities. Meanwhile, the Communists, encamped north of the Yangtze, show signs of growing restless. Red Gen. Chen Yi apparently is forming his columns into groups— usually a sign of an offensive. Red “local troops" south of the river, too. are becoming active. These have been estimated at 20.000 men. mostly guerrillas. They pose a threat to the National South China defense line from Hangchow westward to Nanchang an*-Wuchang. flSrth of the Yangtze there are still a few Nationalist pockets. These are mainly at Hsinhsiang, 50 miles northwest of Kaifeng. and Chflpiatien and Hsinyang. 173 miles north of Hankow. Observers here and in Shanghai discounted Chinese press reports that the Communists were com mandeering river junks opposite Wuhu, 50 miles southwest of Nan king. Such a move would be ex pected if the Reds plan to flank Nanking in the west. At Shanghai the Catholic news; agency, Hua Ming, reported more, Roman Catholics were behind j Communist lines than were in Nationalist territory. It said of the 3,130,000 Chinese Catholics, 1,963,000 were behind Red lines. Gambling (Continued From First PageJ teenth street, assuring him he ; would bring Mrs. Ricker later. Mr. Ricker waited until dawn,' but his wife didn't come. Finally i he got another friend and took a cab to Woodley place. He told the cab driver to wait. The 98-pound Mrs. Ricker was still arguing with “Big Joe.” Now | impatient, “Big Joe" picked up his overcoat, transferred an auto-1 matic pistol from the coat to his suit jacket and announced he was leaving. Pistol Misfires. The friend warned that “Big Joe” had a pistol, but Mrs. Ricker planted herself in front of the door. “Big Joe” slapped her out of the way and Mr. Ricker started for him. At that point, “Big Joe” slapped Mr. Ricker behind the ear with his pistol, knocking him to the floor. Then he pointed the auto matic at Mr. Ricker and pulled the trigger. The pistol failed to go oft. “Big Joe” pulled the slide back, ejected the bullet, and backed out of the door to the porch. The Rickers and their friend gathered in the doorway. “Big Joe" fired twice at the doorway but again the pistol misfired and the clip fell to the porch floor. Mr. Fay said he assumed the pistol failed to perform because the clip had been dislodged by the force of the blow against Mr. Ricker’s head. Complained of Assault. Mr. Fay said Mr. Ricker came to his office to complain about the assault but told the gambling story in the course of Questioning. His affidavit was sent to United States Commissioner Cyril Law rence and warrants were sworn out for the arrests. Indicted were: “Big Joe” Henderson, charged with a dangerous weapon, assault with intent to kill and setting up and keeping a gaming table. His address was listed as 4515 Long fellow street, Hyattsville, Md. His son, Theodore J. Scheve, alias “Little Joe.” 30, of 2521 Thirty-fourth place S.E. Mr. Fay said “Little Joe” was a stickman, or collector, at the dice table. Hyman Rosen, about 40, of 1616 Isherwood street N.E., described by Mr. Fay as a stickman who ■ported a large diamond ring. Herman Kadan, 46, who lives at the Woodley place address. China's Postmen Get The Mails Through Battle Lines Easily By th» AiiecleUd Prut NANKING. Feb. 7.—China’s postmen find it much easier than do peace negotiator! to penetrate the "bamboo cur tain” between Nationalist and Communist China. Mail service between Com munist China and Nanking moves smoothly. Postmen re fuse to say how it is accom plished. They fear revealing it might jeopardize service. Canadians Get Pledge By UAW of Inclusion In Ford Pension Drive By the Associated Press WINDSOR. Ontario. Feb. 7 — , Canadian Ford workers had a pledge today that they no longer ; will be treated as "stepchildren” ' in CIO United Auto Worker*’ i bargaining drives. Walter Reuther, UAW president, said yesterday that the 1949 cam paign for a pension and medical care plan will be pressed simul taneously on both side* of the ; Canadian border. Mr. Reuther made this pledge to several thousand employes of the Ford Motor Co. of Canada, Ltd. Ford First Target. Ford is the first target in the UAW’s fight for a pension that ’will allow auto workers to retire I'a.tj 60 and receive $100 monthly. | '"Nobody will settle until every body settles,” Mr. Reuther said. The UAW is slated to start dis cussions this week with Ford of Canada in behalf of about 12, 500 workers. Detroit talks with the parent American company, covering 120,000 workers, will be moved up ahead of the scheduled May 15 opening if Ford consents, j Mr. Reuther said the union' ! hopes, by the time a showdown is reached, to have another $1, 000.000 added to its present kitty of $3,000,000 to back up its de mands. Demands Highest in History. The UAW president described 1949 demands—which relegate a Iwage raise to a secondary spot— as the highest in the union's 12 year history. He suggested that 5 per cent! of auto industry payrolls be set aside to cover medical, surgical and hospital benefits and sick and accident disability compensation-! He cited as an example the pro gram already in effect at Kaiser Frazer Corp., where 5 cents is set aside for each hour worked to | provide medical care. Labor (Continued From First Page.) on or* *o «• • -*• ^ ■» ><'1* emergency, but he has come re luctantly to the conclusion that the time has come to give the American people some definite t assurance in legislative form. “MT"advice would br 'dO‘ *Wt< act hastily." the witness went on. i “Take a chance for six months; on this existing cooling-off period law. In that time have a joint study made on what to do. but' don’t be in a hurry, because what- ! ever Congress does it will not compel John Jones to work for company XYZ against his will for, private property.” Urges Common Law Basis. Mr. Davis said Congress should proceed in the general atmosphere of the common law and police powers in trying to write a Na tional emergency strike remedy.! Then he added: "Anglo-Saxons have always been accustomed in an emergency to having a law officer stand up and • ‘read a riot act’ and after that, every one is liable for service in the sheriff’s posse.” Along with the police power could go the power of eminent domain, and just compensation could become the foundations for the new emergency strike plan he proposed, Mr. Davis said. “I would say,” he continued, “that If Congress said that in such; an emergency the President—hav ing declared a National emergency and forthwith reported that to Congress — he should then take 1 steps to maintain essential serv ices for the public. “He could take over all property and order all employes to remain at their duties. He could call on | any citizen with the required skill to serve in that enterprise.” Taft Interrupts. Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio interrupted to say, “You have outlined the kind of a statute I had in mind to be passed by Con gress when an emergency had ac tually occurred.’’ Senator Taft said that was sub stantially the “ace in the hole” the authors of the Taft-Hartley law had in mind using if the President reported to Congress that the 80-day cool-off injunc tion provided for in the Taft Hartley law had failed to settle a National emergency strike. He added he did not like the idea of having this broad seizure program on the statute books in advance. Mr. Davis replied he would go along on that point except for one reason, "and that is more real than fanciful, namely, that a weak-kneed President, under the Taft-Hartley law, might say (in a National emergency strike) ‘it is not my job, my duty is to report to the Congress. Senator Taft added that he did not want to imply in the Taft-j Hartley Act that the President has broad general powers. “I don’t mind saying he ought to exercise such powers as he does possess,” said Mr. Taft. Democrats See Admission. Two Democrats—Senators Doug las of Illinois and Humphrey of Minnesota—pounced on this re mark and construed it as an ad mission by Senator Taft that Pres ident Truman does possess the inherent powers claimed by ad ministration spokesmen. For several minutes the com mittee was plunged into another of the word battles that have marked the hearings, as Senator Taft denied he was conceding the existence of any broad powers in the Constitution that would en able the President to seize prop erty or draft workers in time of peace. Senator Humphrey inquired why Senator Taft was specifying the powers of seizure and drafting. Senator Taft replied because they were the chief remedies that have been suggested in the past. “So you think that in a grave national emergency the President would be powerless to act?" Sena tor Humphrey asked. ' Says Congress Could Be Called. ! “That’s right.” Senator Taft re torted. “The Congress if not in session, could be called into ses sion in 12 hours, to deal with such an emergency." Senator Taft said if the Presi dent had such implied powers," it would mean the end of the liberty of the people." Mr. Denham told the committee earlier he has done everything in his power as NLRB counsel to establish public confidence in the principles and objectives of the Taft-Hartley Act. “Indeed.’' he continued, “I con sidered that to be one of the ma jor responsibilities of the office of general counsel. Now to change my position would stultify me, and would Justify the members of this committee and the public in questioning my sincerity in accepting appointment as general counsel. "I could not have accepted un less I felt that the statute was basically sound. Further, I do not believe the President would have appointed me to that office unless he felt that such was my belief.” Confidence Essential. Mr. Denham testified that con fidence in the fairness and im partiality of the Government .agency regulating a subject like ■labor-management is essential.1 "I think you will agree that lack of such confidence was one of the most serious and frequently voiced criticisms of the Wagner Act and the old board,” Mr. Den ham went on. “Much of the attack upon the administration of that act was, I believe, unjustified, but the im portant fact is that a very large segment of our population directly involved in labor relations lacked! this essential confidence in the i integrity of the board’s proced ures.” Mr. Denham said Congress tried in the Taft-Hartley Act to remedy that situation and that making the general counsel independent of the board was the keystone of that reform. The committee entered the four-day home stretch of its ex-! plosive hearings amid indications! that a dosen Southern Senators .may join the Republicans in favpr ' of keeping many previsions of the present law. With feeling running strong be tween Republicans and Democrats on the committee over the wisdom iof closing the hearings Thursday, .one Southern Democrat, Senator Ellender of Louisiana, threatened yesterday to move to send the bill j back to committee when it reaches ’ the floor if he finds full hearings have not been held. Some Republicans think as many as 14 Southern Democrats will join with 38 or 40 Republi cans to preserve most of the Taft Hartley law. If that forecast is borne out, it will mean defeat for the administration bill in the Senate. i Lucas Discounts Claim. 6enator Lucas of Uimios, Dem-; ocratic floor leader quickly dis counted the Republican claim, however, calling it "political prop aganda" and “speculation." Sen ator Lucas made no claim of his own. contending that neither side j has made any complete poll. One high-ranking Republican believes, however, the number of Southerners voting with the Re publicans will vary on each of a score of amendments likely to be fought out on the Senate floor. The administration has the votes to get its bill out of the committee without major change. The real battle will start then as the Re publicans seek to restore, one by one, most of the stricken provi sions of the Taft-Hartley Act. Howard U. Missing Rifles Found on Target Range A group of sportsmen who ap parently wanted to brush up on their marksmanship gave police and Howard University officials something of a scare today. A janitor found that the gym nasium had been broken into and several .22 rifles missing from the Reserve Officers Training Corps arms room. When 12 rifles were first reported missing police had visions of a well-armed gang roaming the city. But Col. J. J. Carhesfi ROTC officer, said further investigation revealed many exploded shells in the range, the missing rifles were strewn about the floor of the shooting area. A few well-punc tured targets were found there, too. * Scandinavian Press Takes Russia to Task On Norway Pact Offer •y th» Aneeiotfd Pr«i OSLO. Norway, Feb. 7.—-Scandi navia's non-Communist press de fied Russia today with an editorial drubbing her offer of a Soviet Norweglan non-agression pact. At the same time, a Swedish Foreign Office spokesman an nounced Russia hat; not yet of fered any similar pact to Sweden. Such a move had been predicted in Moscow. Political observers here declared any such offer to Sweden would be rejected by the government as violating Sweden's traditional neutral position in big power alignments. Virtually all the 8wedish non Communist press joined in de nouncing Russia's overtures to Norway, accusing the Russians of habitually violating treaties. The government newspapers of Den mark avoided editorial comment, but the opposition press in Copen hagen. like the Swedish news papers, said Russia has violated such pacts. Norway Determined. The Oslo press was united in saying the Russian note offering a pact could not change Norway’s determination to participate in a Western Alliance such as the pro posed North Atlantic Pact. Offi cially Norway remains interested in the possibility of joining the Western powers in a defense chain, despite Russia’s second note to the Norwegian government con taining implicit warnings against such a move. The editorial attack on Russia loosed by the Swedish press prob ably was the heaviest here since' the war. All the newspapers said Russia previously had violated five pacts of nonaggression—with Fin land. Estonia. Latvia. Lithuania and Poland. The newspapers also agreed in general that the cold war now is being fought over Scandinavia and Norway would hold her ground against Russian pressure. Moves Called Disgusting. Terming the Soviet moves “ut terly disgusting,” the liberal Da gens Nyheter said: "The Soviet government by its own acts clearly demonstrated that it deems a pact of nonaggres sion of no greater value than the paper on which it is written.” The conservative Svenska Dag bladet said the “similarity with the diplomacy of Hitler goes so far as to revive his special fond ness for week-end actions.” Morgontidningen, newspaper of the Socialist government, also compared Soviet diplomacy with that of the Nazis and voiced ap prehension on the "rapidly mount ing pressure from the East.” In Copenhagen, the conservative Berlingske Tidene said the Soviet notes reflect “that mutual distrust which has split the wdrld into East and West.” It added that inter national guarantees have depre ciated much “since Hitler carried out . a systematical devaluation of even the most solemn promises.” Bad Experience in Pacta. The liberal Polltlken said: “Here in Scandinavia we have had 6ome bad experience as regards the significance and validity of such1 pacts. This is the case with both1 Denmark and Finland, the later5 having had a non-aggression | treaty with the Soviet Union when it was attacked in 1940.” Nationaltidende, also conserva tive, said the Soviet “peace offen sive” did not “carry the conviction of peaceful aims.” This paper also compared the situation with that of 1940, saying that then, as now, such pacts must be inter preted by small powers concerned as “non-defense pacts.” “When dictators talk about. peace, small countries have to consider their defense,” the news paper said. The Oslo newspaper Arbelder bladet, representing Norway’s dominant Labor Party, said a non-aggression pact with Russia, would not be as valuable as a North Atlantic pact. Clear and Sincere Reply. The paper said the government , should be'expected to give Russia, an answer “just as clear and sincere as last time.” Norway answered a note from Russia last week by saying she felt It necessary to investigate the Atlantic pact but would not grant bases on her soil to foreign powers. All the newspapers stressed that Norway wanted peace and under standing with the Soviet Union. In spite of the backing of the press, and apparently of the Nor wegian people, political circles were deeply concerned over the Russian note. Foreign Minister Halvard Lange, before he left for Washington to discuss Norway’s possible inclusion j CHEST COLDS! ^mudth a Save up to of yOltr Combination Heating Bill All Metal, Self-Storing ^0^ , STORM WINDOW and yIars - Installation 4151 AMCO PRODUCTS co. Nights end Sun., HO. 6027 for a free demonstration 1812 M Straat H.W. FOREIGN MINISTER AR RIVES — Halvard M. Lange, Foreign Minister of Norway, is shown as he arrived at Nation al Airport yesterday for con sultation with State Depart ment officials on proposed North Atlantic pact. —AP Photo. in the Atlantic pact, said all nec essary • consideration would be given a note of such serious con tent. Norwegians were distressed that the Soviet government apparently is not willing to accept the assur ances of Norway that foreign powers will not be given bases in Norway in peacetime. Authoritative comment on the note probably will have to wait until the Norwegian Parliament meets. The Norwegian constitu tion provides such a communica tion must be discussed by Parlia ment before it is acted on. Soviet Newspaper Attacks Indicate Red Determination MOSCOW. Feb. 7 (^.—Foreign observers here say Russia may follow up her offer of a non aggression pact to Norway by offering similar treaties to Sweden and Denmark. The observers said they had no inside information as to Soviet Plans but they predicted the note to Norway would be followed by otner important moves. Yesterday's Soviet press seemed i to indicate quite clearly that the Russians do not intend to let this matter lie. The newspapers delivered their strongest attack yet'oh' tHe Nbrth Atlantic pact. The lWttf >dftorikl in Pravda, official Communist newspaper, termed the pact "a concentrated expression of.a. pol icy ..of aggressiop .and. ioterpation-. a! risk-taking” and “the most im portant lever for preparing a new world war.” Other barometers of the great' interest in the Atlantic pact nego tiations involving Norway were publication of the complete text of the Soviet note to Norway and an item reporting that Norwegian Foreign Minister Lange had left for Washington to “receive infor-: mation on the North Atlantic pact.” Rents ^Continued From First Page.) gress last year. He estimated over-all decontrol now would result in rent increases ranging from 50 to 80 per cent for great num bers of the 14,350,000 dwelling units now with rent ceilings. Realtors Criticize Controls. As the rent hearings began, the Washington committee of the Na-» tional .Association of Real Estate Boards issued a statement saying that rent controls drive housing off the market, resulting in fewer apartments and houses for rent. | The Banking Committee al ready has received 45 requests from organizations and persons who want to talk on the rent issue. Chairman Spence said spokes men for landlords and tenants will have an opportunity to voice their views. The committee prob ably will get full details on the movement by some landlords In Tulsa. Okla., to withdraw rental property from the market, in pro test against controls. Policeman Killed, Wounded in Battle By t! Associated Frau HARLAN, Ky„ Feb. 7.—A union labor organizer was being held : under guard at the hospital here : today in connection with a shoot ing affray at nearby Lynch, Ky., in which a policeman was killed and the organizer and another policeman were wounded. Police Chief John Greenlee iden-| tilled the man held at Lawrence! Pennington of Clover Pork, Ky., organiser for the United Construe-1 tion Workers’ Union, an affiliate of the United Mine Workers. The chief said no formal charge had been placed against him. Mr. Greenlee said John Yelono ski, 40, a member of the Lynch police force for 17 years, was killed and Patrolman Harry Carroll, 35, was wounded. He added that both j Mr. Carroll and Pennington re ceived leg wounds and that neither appeared to be wounded seriously. Mr. Carroll also is in the Har lan hospital The shooting resulted when members of the Lynch police de partment investigated a union labor demonstration Saturday night outside the commissary operated in connection with the United States Coal & Coke Co.’s big coal mine at Lynch. Chief Oreenlee said Pennington shot Mr. Yelonoski through the head and Mr. Carroll in the leg when the officers arrived to in vestigate confusion which resulted when about 35 men, headed by Pennington, assembled outside the company store and attempted to talk to employes as they quit work. rM. Carroll returned the fire as he fell to the ground, the chief added, shooting Pennington through the hip and upper leg. Other members of the Lynch po lice force rushed to the scene and arrested Pennington. They brought him to the Harlan County jail here, but later removed him to the hospital under guard. Axis Sally ^Continued From First Page.) overt acts of treason charged against Miss Gillars. Earlier, John Lynskey of Pitts burgh, a 30-year-old disabled vet eran of the 29th Division, limped to the stand on two canes and identified her as the woman who interviewed him in the Paris hos pital. Recorded playbacks of both in terviews which were broadcast by the Berlin radio were heard by the Judge and Jury through ear phones today. Mr. Kestel said Miss Gillars identified herself as a represent ative of the International Red Cross when she came to his bed, and asked him if he would like to get in touch with his mother, wife or sweetheart through a re corded radio interview. Record of Interview Played. Miss Giliars, as _ the third' week of her trial began? Was wearing the aktne simple black dress she has worn every day since it started. She looked impassively, at Mr. Lynskey as he pointed at; her. Judge Edward M. Curran and the 12 jurors then donned ear phones and listened to a record ing of Miss Gillars’ interview with Mr. Lynskey which was broadcast by the Nazi radio in October 1944 —as one of the series of "Survivors of the Invasion Front” programs. In the recording a woman's j voice identified by Mr. Lynskey as Miss Gillars’ said: "Oh, well!; There's going to be an air raid. You hear it?” Earlier, Mr. Lynskey had testi fied that air raid sirens sounded shortly after Miss Gillars entered the hospital ward. He said that she was wearing a Red Cross pin and he thanked her for the won derful job the Red Cross was do ing for prisoners of war. Listed as Fifth Overt Act. Last week Gilbert Lee Hansford, another disabled veteran of the 29th Division, testified that Miss Gillars said she was working with the International Red Cross when she entered the ward with a porta ble microphone and said she would record any messages American soldiers wanted to send to their folks back home. Two other veterans, Grover Cleveland McKinney of Denver, and Marvey Crosthwaite of Ham ilton, Ont., earlier were produced by the prosecution as eyewit nesses to another broadcast called in the indictment Overt Act 4. Two actors, who participated with Miss Gillars in a melodrama broadcast by the Nazi radio, George Heinrich Schnell and Ul rich Haupt, took the stand last week to substantiate Overt Act 10. WELL-PAID WORK At Our SODA FOUNTAINS For Young Men & Women (16 Yean or Over) (18 Yeors or Over) Apply at Any Peoples Drug Store •r at People* EMPLOYMENT OFFICE 77 P Street N.E. Monday Thru Friday—8 A.M. to 4:30 P.M. e hcoHant Opportunity for Atoncomoi* O Vacation With Fay O Moment Worktop Can<tionc # Permanent Employment AF Gives Dr. Geldard Human Relations Job Dr. Frank A. Geldard, University of Virginia psychologist today be comes research chief in the Air force Division of Human Rela tions. He will take a year's leave of absence from the. university. 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