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New Expense Funds
For Top Officials Held Indefensible Tox-Free Allotments That Need Not Be Accounted For Are Assailed By Frank R. Kent , Probably the $6,000,000 which It is reported Mr. Truman now asks for renovation of the White* House Is needed and should be given just as were the salary in creases voted before the inaugu ration. Probably it would be petty to oppose. However, the re quest has considerably stimulated feeling concerning the new Presi dential ‘'expense" funds—a feel ing which has existed ever since they were provided. Prior to that, there were a great many sentimental editorials and columns concerning the poor, dear, President who was unable to get along on $75,000 a year with a $40,000 expense account for travel and entertainment and a rent-free house. Also there was much inky sympathy showered upon the poor, dear Vice President, Mr. Barkley, and the poor, dear Speaker, Mr. Rayburn—a bachelor—who had to live on a measly $20,000 a year with a large Government-supplied automobile and a Government paid chauffeur thrown in. Practically No Opposition. Though not one of these three gentlemen had earned in private life anything approaching those salaries there was practically no opposition to the proposals to raise them. Congress voted Mr. Truman a $25,000 increase and the Messrs. Barkley and Rayburn each $10,000 more. When one was told how difficult it was for these officials to make both ends meet,, no one wanted to seem small < enough to say no. Nor is it in-1 tended to say here that this action should not have been taken. What Is intended is to point out that if Congress had stopped with the salary increases there would not now be the soreness a good many members feel about the way they were jockeyed into what seems now a somewhat indefensible po sition. For, on top of that $40,000 an nual presidential expense fund, for which the President has to render account, Congress piled on $50,000 more “expense" money for which he does not have to account at all and which is entirely tax exempt. At the same time it pro vided the Vice President and the Speaker each with tax-exempt $10.000-a-year expense money for which they do not have to account either. Now, several rather trench ant points are being made con cerning all this tax-exempt, not to-be-accounted-for money. Four Points Listed. In respect to the $50,000 for Mr. Truman the points are: (It That it is basically inde fensible to appropriate any money out of the United States Treasury for “expenses” unless it is to be accounted for; < 2 > The President in the last fiscal year was able to spend only; 80 per cent, or $32,000, of his $40, 000 expense fund, the balance of $8,000 reverting to the Treasury. In no year since he has been in office has he spent anywhere near the full amount: (3) The tax-free feature of the not - to-be-accounted-for $50,000, added to his increased salary, gives Mr. Truman, in effect, a1 total salary considerably in excess Of $300,000. (4) The action of Congress in voting the tax-free expense funds to the President, the Vice Presi dent and the Speaker makes it much more difficult for these offi cials and Congress to take any etep toward reducing the size and cost of government. Effect Not Small. It may seem a small thing, but, it is contended, it is not small in principle nor in effect. Certainly, it does not enhance the prospects of the Hoover Commission's plan which depends wholly upon the character of its administration support. No one really objects to the salary increases. But, dis tinctly, that is not the case with the tax-free “expense” funds. The only two Democratic Sen ators who voted against them at the time were Senators Byrd of Virginia and Gillette of Iowa, but a good many more have been ex pressing regret since. Nor does the fact that some time ago when Congress members raised their own salaries to $12,500, they ap propriated $2,500 <tax free and nonaccountable) for the “ex penses” of each member amelior ate the situation. Soon or late, other tax-exempt, nonaccountable appropriations for "expenses" seem sure to follow'. Why not? _ This Changing World Rising Religious Persecution Forecast In All Countries Behind Iron Curtain By Constantine Brown Religious persecution in all countries behind the Iron Curtain is expected to become even more serious in the next few months. Washington diplomats are not convinced that there is a close link between growing inten sification of the cold war and' increasing per-j secution of the! clergy of all re-! ligious denomi nations behind the Iron Cur tain. However, they do regard the trial of Josef Cardinal Mind szenty and the indictments of Constantine Brown. Protestant clergymen in Bulgaria as the result of increased passive resistance in the satellite states to the rulers appointed by Mos cow. Similar trials are expected to take place soon in Poland and Czechoslovakia. There is no religious leader in the satellite states, except Yugo slavia, who is in a position to defy Soviet rule. But the clergy—par ticularly the Protestant and •Roman Catholic — has not been completely cowed yet. While there is no open defiance of the rulers of the Soviet-con trolled states, sermons which stress that there are powers in the world greater than the Comin form and the Soviet secret police, and which emphasize love and brotherhood between peoples, are frequently given from the pulpits. Seek to Show Clergy as Venal. In order to reduce the prestige of ministers in the eyes of the masses, whom Communist domin ation has not yet turned into atheists, it is considered neces sary to show the clergy as venal and treacherous. This was done in Russia in the early days of the revolution, when posters showing the Orthodox clergy in the most disgraceful light were put up in On the Other Hand Devvev Seen Following Economics Line Of Party Despite Warning on Reaction By Lowell Mellett The most important thing said by the self-styled titular leader and young elder statesman of the Republican Party the other night was this: “If, as a party, we try to go back to the 19th century or even to the 1920s, you can bury the Republican Party as the deadest pigeon in the coun try.” From the im mediate con text, Gov. Dewey may have been thinking in purely political terms, warning his 1 i s t e n e r s that the party Low'll M'll'it. never would gei enougu vutca w return to power unless it accept ed as permanent the social gains achieved during the New Deal days. He mentioned farm price support, unemployment insurance, old age benefits, slum clearance and other such programs. He did not, however, seem to recognize the real distance that separates the 40s from the 20s. Opposes Control of Economy. It is refreshing to have the Re publican Party's two-time presi dential candidate admit that the party's thinking in the Harding Coolidge-Hoover era was bad. But it is not certain that he under stands just how bad it was. The thinking then was that booms were due to Republican policies,; but that busts were acts of God—! usually stated as “world condi tions over which we have no con tiol.” Depressions, it was believed, came in cycles and there was nothing anybody could do about it. The real achievement of the New Deal was its successful chal lenge of this long-accepted theory. At least, that will be the real achievement if the challenge con tinues to be successful. Sustained prosperity for the whole popula tion will mean more in terms of the general welfare than all the social legislation that can be de vised. And yet, Gov. Dewey talks like most of his fellow party lead ers when measures designed to exercise some control over the national economy, for the very purpose of sustaining our pros perity. are suggested. Who,” he demands, “is going to save a thousand dollars, or bor row a thousand dollars from his uncle to start a little business or build a filling station or anything else, if he konws that the Govern ment may build one across the street, tax free, and run him out of business?” Follows G. O. P. Party Lines. Just what the Government has done, is doing or tending to do, to conjure up this awful picture in the Governor’s mind, it is im possible to guess. What the nephew in question has to be con cerned about, if he has filling sta tion ambitions, is whether one of the big oil corporations is likely to build one of its handsome chain numbers across the street. Uncle Esso or Uncle Shell, perhaps. Out not Uncle Sam. The Government is taking an interest in oil, to be sure. It is asserting the Nation’s title to the There’s no need to wait til next season for comfort able, economical oil heat ing. L. P. Steuart & Bro., Inc., will make you this special offer for a limited time. Install your ©il burner — pay no money down . . . and you make no payments until Septem ber 1st. Call Lincoln 4300 NOW1 SPECIAL? ELECTRIC CLOCK THERMOSTAT Included Without Extra Cost! For a Limited Time! FUEL OIL—Domestic and Commercial Grades. P. Steuort & Bro.» 138 12th Street N.E. • Lincoln 4300 vast tideland oil deposits, but only to protect the national interest against reckless exploitation. Gov. Dewey took issue with this policy during the campaign. For all his brave words, cal culated to set him apart from the party's mossbacks in some re spects, the Governor seems pre pared to follow the party line in the field of economics, the unlim ited free enterprise line of the United States Chamber of Com merce and the National Associa tion of Manufacturers._ every town, village and hamlet throughout the U. S. S. R. Similar tactics now have been adopted in the satellite states Priests and ministers are formally accused of being traitors to their country and blackmarketers who live luxurious lives at a time when the people themselves are working hard to achieve the various five year and two-year plans. Men who are accustomed to a frugal life, as are the servants of the Protestant and Catholic Churches behind the Iron Curtain, are compelled to “confess” under severe cross-examination—includ ing the worst third-degree meth ods—to all the crimes public prose cutors want them to. These persecutions are regarded by well-informed sources as indi cating a degree of concern among the rulers of countries behind the Iron Curtain. Ever since Marshal Tito openly defied Moscow’s au thoritarian rule a certain amount of uneasiness has developed in the satellite states. Passive Resistance Carried On. Completely deprived of any weapons with which they could stage an uprising, the people are not thinking in terms of rebellion yet. But they are carrying on a somewhat sneering passive re sistence to Moscow’s agents. This explains why Romania’s police forces have been disbanded. They could not be relied on entirely. It also explains why there has been a great purge of the Czech army, where only officers with “unques tionably sound” political views are kept in the armed forces. Since Bulgaria, Poland and Yugoslavia have been forced be hind the Iron Curtain only in the last three years, their populations have not been indoctrinated suffi ciently with a hatred of religion and the ministers and priests still play an important role. To discredit these men of God is one of the tasks which the governments of the satellite coun tries have set themselves for the immediate future. On the Record Gunther’s Book on Son’s Fatal Illness Held Due to Outlive His ‘Inside’ Books By Dorothy Thompson John Gunther's “Death Be Not Proud,” a memorial to his young son, Johnny, will live, I think, be yond all his famous "Inside” re ports on states and societies be cause it is a report on the eternal mysteries: Life, death and love. Within 24 hours after it ap peared, a distinguished physician s a i a i n 1 s book must be read by every medical stu dent to teach him that medi cine does not deal just with ‘cases’.” Hardly had the book ap peared when a mother, whose son—like John ny— had died of a malignant brain tumor, Dorothy Thompoon. found release from a crushing sense of guilt. “I never had money for trie greatest specialists; had I found it my child might have lived. I let him down.” But Johnny Gunther's parents spent a fortune on him. the greatest specialists were at his service. None in the world knows how to cure what these children had. So the mother is released, to face and deal with life again. During the last weeks of his ill ness, Johnny's mother frantically begged her friends: ‘‘Pray for a miracle for Johnny.” And we prayed many, many times, in con centrated petition to God for a miracle for Johnny. Life’s Mission Not a Failure. Were those prayers unan swered? A miracle of parenthood occurred: A mother and father,] long separated, met in immense; love for their child, each of them. separately and together, holding their boy embraced against death, in the fortitude, tenderness, gaiety and joy of life. And Johnny? This half-grown boy, full of vivid intellect, aspira tions, desire for self-perfection— struggling, while the enemy ate into his afflicted brain, for that in tellectual and spiritual perfection through which he could give some thing to life; following his own case with the detachment of a scientist; giving no inch to death, but facing it with the stoicism of a philosopher—is that not a miracle? And did he fail of his life's mission? Does he not awaken science more vividly to battle the wild cells that eat away so many lives? Johnny Gunther himself might have engaged in that battle. He might have become a very great scientist. Returns to Go for Research. But had he lived to be 90 and had his achievements filled ency clopedias, he could have made no greater achievement than this, transmitted by his father: To show us what, on its highest levels of courage, serenity, truth and beauty, a human life can be; to show us that as we live we die, and life and death are one. For I HOTEL CAIRO k UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT | Completely Renovated NOW AVAILABLE I Large twin-bed rooms, running water. Double rooms, $17.50 to | $21 per week. Also large rooms with private bath, I from $110 per month; maid service in all rooms. I All Room Newly Decorated Inquire Manager’s Office HOTEL CAIRO 1615 Qua $t. N.W. HO. 2104 whatever science may achieve, all that is born must die. “For what purpose can this be?” stormed his rebellious father after Johnny had slipped quietly away. John Gunther found the pur pose and made himself its instru ment. All returns from this book will go to cancer research. And PUBLIC LECTURE "Attracting Success" Wed., Feb. 16—8 P.M. Rosicrucian Order, AMORC 1322 Vermont Ave. N.W. Free—So Collections beyond this, Johnny died, and Johnny lives, that we should all try to be more like Johnny. (Released by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.) BIBLES in All Versions Testaments and Prayer Books Pulpit Bibles for Memorials Rtllf ions Greetinr Cards Pursell's Book Store 807 G St. N.W. DIst 1841 Est. IMS Aesop’s Sables • They All wont Fur Coots? That's Easy, oh Mighty One. Take Advantage of Saks February Savings Open Your Heart—Give Fight America's Number 1 Health Problem, Heart Disease. 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