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Cloudy with showers today with possible thunder storm tonight. High today in mid 60s; low tonight about 58. Tomorrow j sunny and mild. ‘Full report on Page A-2 > ; Midnight, 59 6 a m. ...58 11 am. ...59 2 am._58 8 am. __.60 Noon_59 4 am. ...57 10 a m. _._58 1 pm. ...60 Late New York Morkeh. Page A-19. Quid* for R*ad*rft Am iiMM-r. u I'M C«*uc* » II »» Croamoftl I* I • cuMiftru r-«-ii Ba.itorsaS A !• Mlt'l Art* j#» A U *>**• bmi UMi * ■ * Ohitil4n % It R*4j» (i-ll Sswu fl-t Wtwe » S*rtKW> HI* An Aittv **•« 97th Year. No. 107. Phone ST. 5000 ** S WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, APRIL 22, 1949—SIXTY-FOUR PAGES. -----w- - ~ 1 ’ __ — — cet» imi d* *«r». r».,* *.j*« ***>«»♦ * * • **»-•* » jt i',F,VTkR *«.»*« pv *e »«M r** Mmtk »s j# • »* * »* w »*#*» «■ - * *> Truman Asks Congress to Pass Compulsory Health Insurance Act Providing Medical Service for All U. S. Aid Is Asked For Hospitals and Medical Schools (Text of President Truman's Message on Page AS.) By Joseph A. Fox President Truman today called on Congress to enact legislation for a Nation-wide system of com pulsory health insurance in a program that would reach two goals: “To make available enough med ical services to go around, and to see that everybody has a chance to obtain those services.” Mr. Truman also recommended: 1. Government financial aid for expansion of medical schools. 2. Increased Government aid for construction of hospitals and other medical facilities in com munities “where they are needed.” 3. Enlarged Federal grants to State and local governments for “controlling certain diseases” and helping them promote “maternal and child health services, services for crippled children and general public health activities.” Lower Cost Predicted. In amplifying his recommenda tions for improving the Nation’s health, which have stirred wide controversy since his original ad vocacy four years ago, the Presi dent gave no cost figure, but said: “Many people are concerned about the cost of a national health program. The truth is that It will save a great deal more than it costs. We are already paying about 4 per cent of our national income for health care. More and better care can be obtained for this same amount of money under the program I am recommend ing.” Mr. Truman did not specify in his message how the program would be financed but said the system would provide for regular contributions to an insurance fund that would “replace Irregular, of ten overwhelming, family outlays for medical care." In earlier dis cussions the President has talked about a payroll tax levied equally on employers aftd employes. He also said the program should cover as many persons as possible. In his 3,000-word message the President sought to knock down two of the arguments that have been advanced against the meas ure—that it would deny patients a voice in the selection of physi cians, and that it would require the establishment of a huge bureau/wacy in Washington to ad minister* it. Personal Relationship Stands. “Health insurance is a method of paying for medical care,” he said. "It will not require doctors to become employes of the Gov ernment. It will not disturb the freedom of doctors and hospitals to determine the nature and ex tent of treatment to be given. It will not interfere with the per sonal relationship between doctor and pgtient. Under such a plan patients will remain free to choose their own doctors and doctors will remain free to accept or reject patients. Moreover.'patients, doc tors and hospitals will remain free to make their own arrangements for care outside the insurance system if they so choose.” He also emphasized the pro gram should be “decentralized to (See HEALTH, Page A-8.) Avery Retains Control At Montgomery Ward |y th# Associated Press NEW YORK. April 22.—Sewell Avery today retained control of Montgomery Ward & Co. at the annual stockholders’ meeting. Mr. Avery was assured of re election as a director of the retail merchandising firm when nomi nations closed without any one being put up in opposition to him. Directors were scheduled to meet to elect a chairman later today. There was no doubt it would again be Mr. Avery. Mr. Avery is chief executive officer of Ward *6. Several hundred stockholders attended the meeting, which had aroused greater than normal in terest because of wholesale top management resignations from the company. The largest holder of Ward’s stock, Massachusetts Investors’ Trust, refused to vote for Mr. Avery. In addition to Mr. Avery the men placed in nomination for di rectors, all assured of re-election, were: Philip R. Clarke, president of the City National Bank and Trust Co. of Chicago; David A. Crawford, president of Pullman, Inc.. Chi cago. a holding company for man ufacturing subsidiaries, and Don add R. McLennan, jr., vice presi dent of Marsh & McLennan, Inc , Chicago insurance brokers. The term of Mr. McLennan ex pires in 1950. That of the others in 1952. All have been directors previously and all are known to be friendly to Mr. Avery. SHELL HITS ON BRITISH CRUISER—Here are some of the 12 shell hits on the British cruiser London, shown docked in Shanghai today after the Yangtze River battle with Commu nist forces in a futile attempt by the London to aid the trapped sloop Amethyst. Two salvos struck the London before the fire was returned. — AP Wirephoto via radio from Shanghai. Soviet Invasion Plan Heard at Cumberland, Red Trial Is Told Witntss Declares Official Of Party Said Alaska Could Be Taken First ty tht Auociatod PrMt NEW YORK, April 22.—A Com munist official told Maryland and District of Columbia party mem bers in 1945 that the Soviet Army could invade Alaska and reach the United States Itself through Canada, a Government witness testified today. The witness told the Commu nist conspiracy trial ju^y the state ment was made by Albert Lan non, a director of the Maryland District of Columbia Communist Party and a member of the party’s National Committee. Charles W. Nicodemus, the wit ness, said he asked Mr. Lannon at the meeting in Cumberland, Md., how Russia could invade the United States without a navy. Lannon replied, he said, that “the Red Army in Siberia has 500.000 troops, that Russia had a good air force and that when the time came for a revolution in this country, Russia could invade Alaska, come down through Can ada and could even destroy De , troit.’’ Plans for Sabotage. Mr. Nicodemus said Lannon also told the party members at the meeting that American Com munists should sabotage industry and demoralize the population if this country and Russia went to war. Most of the 11 party leaders who are defendants in the trial smiled as Mr. Nicodemus. a former party member, testified about the possibility of a Soviet invasion of America. Federal Judge Harold R. Medina commented that “all the defendants are smiling broadly” and asserted “there’s not going to be any country club atmosphere in this court.” Defense Attorney Richard F. Gladstein arose to say the testi mony about a possible invasion was “ludicrous.” He declared the defendants “were entitled to smile their contempt.” John W. Gates, editor of the Daily Worker, Communist paper, and a defendant, said audibly, “Of coure. we’re smiling.” Judge Medina said “I’ve seen (See COMMUNISTS. Page A-7.) Vacation Season Now that it’s spring and we’re all fagged out, what about a vacation? All of us can’t go at once, perhaps, but this Sunday Star’s special Spring Vacation Section plants that thought with many columns of travel and resort news and advertising. This week Magazine supple ments the special section with an article by an iptemation j ally known psychiatrist on “Why You Need a Vacation,” and another on “How to Make Your Vacation Dollars Go 1 Farther.” U. S. Workers Reject War Against Russia, Paris Parley Told American Union Chief Says Labor Will Not Fight for Wall Street : fty the Associated Prase PARIS. April 22.—A labor lead er from the United States told the Communist-inspired World Peace Congress here today that Ameri can workers “will refuse to lay down their lives for Wall Street, Washington and the dollar." Donald Henderson, interna tional president of the Tobacco, Agricultural and Allied Workers Union of America (CIO), was given an ovation by the delegates when he said: "The American working people will not be driven into a war against the Soviet Union." Hendersbn called for a fiaht Sgainst “headquarters of world imperialism” which he said is located in Washington.” j Konni Zilliacus, left-wing mem ber of the British Parliament, has told this congress that British workers will not be “dragged into fighting against the Soviet,” and Paul Robeson. American Negro singer, has told the delegates that I American Negroes never would fight Russia. « Henderson declared that the ~8ee PEACE~CONGRESS. A-8.> Reds Sweeping Over Cities in Yangtze Valley Nationalists Offer Weak Resistance; Naval Base Falls CRIPPLED BRITISH SLOOP Re ported Hit Again by Red Fire Page A-A BRITISH ADMIRALTY HEAD Charges Reds Deliberately At tacked Ships Page A-*. •y A»»ooot«d Pr«ss NANKING. April 22—South Yangtze valley ports, cities and towns fell like clay pigeons today before a mounting Red onslaught. So weak was government op position that wholesale desertions to the Communists were feared Foreign military observers said a general troop withdrawal may have been ordered. Nanking was fast emptying of officialdom. High level Chinese, wearing white helmets for the tropics and many swinging tennis rackets, bolted for departing planes. Acting President Li Tsung-jen, Premier Ho Ying-chin and Gen. Pai Chung-hsi, commander of the central front, flew to Hangchow for an important meeting with re tired President Chiang Kai-shek. Chiang may be asked to take over the government again. Important Cities Lost. Most important cities below the Yangtze in Red hands were Kiangyin, 85 miles east of here, and Kweichih. 130 miles south west. Dozens of lesser places be tween Wuhu. 60 miles southwest of here, and Anking, 150 miles southwest, alec fell. Prom Kweichih the Communists could march straight to the sea at Hangchow, I ess than 200 miles away. Sue ha move would isolate Shanghai and Nanking to the north. There was no way of estimating the Communist strength across the river. The Red radio said 300,000 troops had swanned over the river in small wooden boats between Wuhu and Anking alone. This figure probably was exag gerated. Fires from Communist shells burned in Pukow, across the river from Nanking. The capital’s populace was not overly excited. Most people had become resigned to the Reds taking the capital. Embassies Urged to Follow. The Foreign Office urged for eign Embassies to follow it to Shanghai or Canton. American Ambassador J. Leighton Stuart had made no plans to leave Nan king. * With Communists to the east threatening to cut off all roads to Shanghai, the United States Em bassy Earned Americans to get out now. (The State Department in Washington reported approxi (See CHINA. Page A-6.1 Socialite Loses Wife in Storm, But Saves Others on Schooner MR. AND MRS. JOHN P. PITCAIRN. —AP Wirephoto. •y tto Aftsocioted Frm NEW YORK, April 22 —A new saga of the sea and the heroism of a grieving man was related to day by a survivor of a tragic pre Easter cruise on the stormy At lantic. The story was told by Miss Ruth ianna of Rockville Centre. N. Y.. one of nine vacationists aboard the trim little schooner Seafiower , when it put to sea on Palm Sun day for a cruise to Bermuda. I Tbs hero of the story was So Icialite John P. Pitcairn of Boston and Bryn Athyn, Pa., who, after watching helplessly as his wile was swept overboard, pitted his courage and skill against the raging seas to save the lives o,' the others aboard. Mr. Pitcairn is the son of Harold P. Pitcairn, president of the Auto giro Co. of America. Not long after the 70-foot wind jammer entered the Gulf Stream! it ran into heavy weather. As the] (Bee SCHOONER, Pag* A-6.) ruv.AM i * ^ ",. , ond Never the Twain Shall Meet” . . ? Brannan Lists Potato Subsidy As High as $23,000 Per Farm Special Report Issued on Price Support Cost; Figures Said to Show System's Weakness By Molcolm Lomborne, Jr. Secretary of Agriculture Bran nan disclosed today the Govern ment has paid out as much as *23,000 per farm for surplus potatoes of the 1948 crop in order to hold up prices under the con troversial support price program Government buying of last year's crop still continues in some Northern States and when the totals are in the cost to the taxpayer threatens to exceed *200,000,000. The Secretary's disclosures were contained in a special re Cost of Living Up 0.3% In Nation, Food Rises 1.8% Here in Month Increase Ends Five-Month Decline in Prices for Moderate-Income Families The Bureau of Labor Statis tics today reported a 0.3 per cent increase in the cost of living nationally and at the same time disclosed that retail1 food prices in Washington have started climbing again. Both increases were recorded between mid-February and mid March. The Jump in living costs ended a five-month period of steady decline in the prices of foods and services bought by moderate income families. Food prices here rose 1.8 per cent during,. the 30-day period Cost of living statistics as a whole for Washington were not com puted in today's reports. The agency attributed the slight increase in national living costs to higher retail prices for food, miscellaneous goods and services and rent. Food was up 1 per cent, rents up 0.2 per cent and fuel and electricity costs up 0 1 per cent. The most important factors causing the rise in food prices here between February 15 and mid-March were more than sea sonal advances in beef, pork, lamb and egg prices, the bureau re ported. The food price advance wiped out Just half of a marked de cline recorded here on February 15. The food price index on March stood at 198.8 per cent, which was about the same as a year earlier but 7.7 per cent be low the high of last June. The index is a comparison be tween present prices and those of 1935-1939 in 50 cities. These examples of# increases were listed: Beef and veal as a group, up 5 per cent; round steak, 13 per cent; rib roast, 8 per cent; hamburger. 4 per cent; pork chops. 15 per cent: whole ham, 5'j per cent; leg of lamb. 8 per cent*-eggs, 5 per cent, and sugar, 1 per cent. India, Poland Sign Pact NEW DELHI. India. April 22 (JP>.—India and Poland signed to day a trade agreement providing for 30.000.000 rupees <110,000,000 > trade within a year. Late News Bulletin Killing Held Justifiable A coroner’s jury today held the fata! shooting of Richard A. Cooper. M. a carpenter, by Police Pet- Georg R Sydnor was justifiable homicide. The jury ruled the policeman was "maintaining an arrest in a felony” when Cooper was shot yesterday as he Bed from a restaurant at Ml Upshur street N.W.. which be had looted. i (Earlier Story on rage A-*.) port prepared by Agriculture Department experts. Mr. Brannan stated the figures "show clearly some of the short comings of the present method of supporting prices.” Then, he added: “This serves to strengthen my conviction that we must find a better method of supporting farm returns than is available under existing legislation. I am con vinced that the use of production payments, such as I recommended on April 7, would serve farmers as _ (See POTATOES. Page A-O Housing Bill Faces Uncertain House File After Senate Passage Measure Receives Approval By Margin of 57 to 13 At Midnight Session BILL CHANOE Gives D C Agency Power to Clear Slums Page A-7. By J. A. O'Leory The long-range housing bili headed today toward an uncertain fate in the House after passing the Senate at a stormy midnight session. The vote was 57 to 13. Patterned after similar measures that have died iq the House in the past, it would authorize $1,000. 000,000 in loans and $500,000,000 in grants to help cities get rid of slums during the next five years It also would distribute Federal contributions toward the building of 810.000 low-rent public housing units during the next six years to replace the slums. These contri butions would start at $85,000,000 the first year and could reach a maximum of $308,000 000 per year in gradual steps. 275 Million for Rural Housing. For the farm population the bill contains a $275,000,000 four-year program of Federal aid to improve rural housing. Following a practice that Is growing this year, the Senate had ! to almost knock itself out with a long night session to reach a final vote on the bill, which had been pending for a week. Twelve hours of debate which started at noon yesterday were marked by two lively battle*, first over civil rights and later over the wisdom of spending Federal money to improve the buildings on farms that are not aelf-sustaining. Tempers flared late in the eve ning, when Senator Taft. Repub lican, of Ohio ahouted a charge that the Democrats had made a deal with Senator Langer. Repub lican. of North Dakota, increasin < the fund for substandard farms to <8ee HOU8INOT~P>te A-7 > Blood-Stained Auto Found in Search for Opera Tenor’s Killer Legless Man Left Vehicle, Attendants at Atlanta Parking Lot Tell Police BULLETIN ATLANTA A blood stained blue Packard automo bile was found on a parking lot today as police soughs the slayer of John Garris, Metro politan Opera tenor. Police earlier had pul out a lookout for such a car Parkin* lot attendants said the automobile had been left there by a leglesa | man * I) *1 iUK«Ug *»•»• ATLANTA. April 22 — Police wer* trying to learn today • what happened, where, when, and why" m the strange slaying of John Oarris. Metropolitan Opera tenor ■ Were doing everything pos sible." said Chief of Detectives E I. Hilderbrand. but we have •learned very little." Whet looked like promising clues were fading out. 24 hours after the body of the 39-year-old ginger was found In a dreary alley. A bullet wound was through the heart. However police broadcast a call for officers to search for a blue Packard coach with a New York license "3N-2680" and pick It up for Investigation in the case Officers refused to comment on the request Chief Hilderbrand listed these angles on which detectives were working: Some members of the Metro politan Opera group were quea-j Honed in Memphis last night where the performance went on as scheduled. Homicide Lt M M Coppenger still was in Memphis, and names were not available. Telephone Cine fruitless. Taxi drivers at the terminal railroad station were questioned without results This led to the theory that Mr Oarris may have been shot in a private automobile and hia body dumped in the alley Detective* said It would have taken a powerful man, or probably two. to have lifted the body of the 175-pound singer A telephone call which Oarris made from his hotel to the YMCA failed to produce anything defi nite. Eight members of the opera company were staying at the YMCA. Chief Hilderbrand said a radio gram to New York police had determined that Mr Oarris was living at 362 West fifty-seventh street with "L. P. Uhifelder, said to be a tutor ” Mr Uhifelder mat believed on hia way to Atlanta Mr. Garris' body lay unclaimed in the morgue today The detective chief aaid officers would like to question "a close male friend” of Mr Garris Chief Hilderbrand refuted to go into de tails. although he aaid Lt Coo penger may bring additional tn j ~~< Bee OPERA. Page A-4 Tenant Mysteriously Deserts His Apartment Here for Year Delinquent tax agents seised the dust-covered furniture of s Con necticut avenue apartment today, revealing that the tenant has been missing for more than a year. Charles B. Davison, the tenant at the Chesapeake Apartments, 4607 Connecticut avenue N W.. ap parently has been telegraphing his monthly rental while keeping his address a secret from the apartment management and mem bers of his family. Mrs. Frances McCarthy, the apartment manager, said no one had been in the one-roo*n, kitch enette apartment since Mr. Davi son. a middle-aged construction contractor, quietly departed more thr*i a year ago. It was months Mort she dte covered he *u not using the puce she Mid. adding that she received his rent by telegraph. Moat of the tune it came from Charleston W. V*.. but on other occasion* it was aent from Richmond Mr Dawson has had the apartment for five years Mrs McCarthy aald a son Charles B. Davison. )r . of *321 Baltimore avenue. Chevy Chase Md , bad inquired more than once of Mr. Davison a whereabout* The mystery came to light when investigators of the tax collector s office discovered a delinquency of gi27 on Mr. Davisons personal ptopeity for 1M7 and 1M*. Entering the apartment, they) (Baa MTBTBBY, Faga A-7 ' ' DAR Opposes State-Controlled Medical Care Another Resolution Reaffirms Demand To Curb Immigration DAR ADMINISTRATION Rv ril ing Cornerstone laid Page R 4. The Daughter of the A»f: fis Resolution versi today t«> opts*** legislation ce'.gned to create t'.ata tnediCa. ra c a inch the» *a;d could irsud m a soc .aliat.sc state * A resolution adopted at todav • fin*! aesoton of Use Mtth Conti nental Cong tea* n Constitution Hall declared that passage of a comp .Iscuy health tnaut anee or ,■ socialised medicine act could otien an avenue of advance into other pioiesMona «>Ur a aeifa a state or socialism the mev stable result •After the morning resolution* tt »a» announced that contribution* to the D.AR building fund had mounted to *51 1.377 oi a list a more than the *500 000 quota aet for the Congress low aid the *SHV> - 000 building fund Papes bag* aere passed among the delegate* for the ronti ibution* The delegate* also reaffirmed last year * resolution uigmg that no immigration into the count,’ e above the pi event quota ay stem be primmed either by atvecial legislation unused quota* or eaecutive order Immigration t oniroi* t rged They urged the immigration control for the purpose of pro tecting the interest of all our fits ten* and particularly out veteran# and for the puipoae of excluding foreign element* Imbued with political ideologies wholly at vari ance with our constitutional sys tem of Government In another resolution thu daughters were urged to demon strate then deep concern for the welfare of youth by appeal and piotest to source* of injurious comics and radio enme stories I The resolution said that chil dren are growing up in a world | under unnatural nervous tension created for them by crime stones, published and over the radio, and are beguiled by so-called comics 1 which frequently degrade their 1 taste and often thetr moral sense * | The daughters commended radio program directors and publishers who reject the use of "pernicious influence* " Flag Protection bought Another resolution urged Con gress to enact laws to provide the power nerewary for protection of the United States flag from muti lation and desecration, Pending bills, the delegatee noted, died with adjournment of the doth Congress They declared the need for a Federal law to pro tect the flag is being realised in creasingly and the flag code while stating rule* and custom* pertain ing to display w'nd use of tha flag, ha* no power to inf ore# them. The delegates also asked Con - grew to pas* legislation insuring that the flag would occupy thu place of honor whenever It la with in the territorial boundartee of thu United States exclusive oi the in ternational area at Lake Success, N Y They voted to petition the Gov ernor of Pennsylvania and tha Pennsylvania Turnpike Commis sion to change the contemplated route of the Pennsylvania Turn pike so that It would not go i See DAR Page A-J * Gloucester Teachers Demand Pay Raise • r »-• *•••• OLOUCEBTER Vs April 33 — Gloucester County school officials, facing Federal Court punishment on a contempt citation, were threatened with another educa tional headache today — lack of teacher* A group of principals and in structors threatened to refuse to renew contracts unless a 16 per cent salary increase is granted County officials said the in crease was not passible for the nest fiscs! yeer. place the new budget, which carries an appro priation for an » 3 per cent raise, has been prepared and no unap propriated funds are available A 16 per cent salary raise for teachers, principals and super vising teachers was requested m a resolution sent to the school board by the Gloucester County Teacher* Association The Gloucester County school superintendent and the board are to appear in Federal district court in Richmond May « for sentencing for their alleged violation of a court directive call ins for equali sation of white and Negro echoed opportunities The salary Increase request came from the white teachers. White and Negro teacher saianee were equalised in the county a year ago when the equalisation mailer came up in Federal court. Yesterday. O Tyler Miller. Bute superintendent of assume - tioo. said hs expects to present Gloucester County's iptwnst for • 166 900 loan from the Liter ary Fund to the Mate Board of Education on Tuesday.