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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 10, 1949, Image 13

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Altitude Jet Fighter
Tests by Navy Show
B-36 Is Vulnerable .
Admiral Blandy Asserts
Few in Air Force Know
Of Carrier's Capabilities
By David Lawrence
Sometimes, way down in the
press association dispatches, far
removed from mention in the
headlines, a sensational piece of
news is concealed. It isn’t in
tentional. of course, and is due
only to the general unfamiliarity
of the press with what is or has
been secret information of a class
ified nature on defense plans.
Thus, the fact that the United
States Navy has developed a jet
fighter plane which can climb to
an altitude of 40.000 feet in seven
minutes has been a secret. It
has just been made public in a
United Press dispatch from the
aircraft carrier Franklin D. Roose
velt on the authority of Admiral
BMmdy, Commander of the At
lantic Fleet.
What this means is that the
B-36’s, on which Congress has
placed its chief reliance for stra
tegic bombing, are vulnerable and
cannot proceed without fighter
protection from continent to con
tinent as claimed. Every one
who knows anything about air
warfare knows that fighter planes
cannot carry enough gasoline to
operate from territorial United
States and will have to support
long-range bombers from over
seas bases.
‘Pin Point’ Bombing.
Every one who studied the of
ficial reports of the strategic
bombing survey made by an in
dependent group of citizens after
the last war as to results in both
Japan and Europe knows that
“pin paint” or precision bombing
from an altitude of 40,000 feet is
out of the question.
The most significant informa
tion in the press association dis
patch, however, is contained in
the following paragraph:
“Today very few Air Force of
ficers are familiar with the capa
bilities of naval aviation. Admiral
Blandy asserted. Observers had
an implied demonstration of this
possibility when Navy jet fighters
were catapulted off the 45,000-ton
carrier’s deck to climb to 40,000
feet in seven minutes. These
planes—McDonnell F2H Banshees
—were said to be able to intercept
a bomber attack at altitudes up to
eight miles.
"If actual war games were held
with the Air Force and the Ban
shees proved themselves, it would
weaken the Air Force’s claim that
its B-36 superbombers are almost
impossible targets for interceptors
above 40,000 feet* Air force
statements have been based on
tests of the B-36 against Air
Force fighters which are said to
require 23 minutes to climb to
40,000 feet and then not be able
to do tight manuevers.”
Here is an excellent example
of what patriotic competition be
tween the research and develop
ment staffs of the Navy and the
Air Force, respectively, has done
for America. It is a good exam
ple also of what would be lost
if one service were given a mon
opoly over all airplane research.
Stimulus to Effort.
Certainly a monopoly is a
much more convenient arrange
ment for the folks who get the
monopoly but, in the business
world jand in the world of re
search, it has been found that
rivalry of achievement is a stim
ulus to effort and that a certain
amount of competition adds zest
to everyday work.
The Navy isn’t concerned at
all wtth the vulnerability of the
B-36 superbomber but is con
cerned with the development of
the most effective jet fighter pos
sible, because Navy ships must
protect themselves against high
level bombing by means of fighter
planes flown from carriers.
It can be seen from the above
how injurious it might be to the
defense planning of America if
one armed service were to oe pre
vented from using any particu
lar weapon to perfect its own de
fense. Theoretically now the head
of the Navy and the head of the
Army could veto the continued
use by the Air Force of the B-36
for which contracts involving
hundreds of millions of dollars
have just been placed by Secre
tary Johnson. But this would be
as grave a mistake as the veto
recently registered by Generals
Bradley and Vandenberg against
the Navy’s simple request to add
100 feet to the size of their
existing carriers. To give each
armed service the right to im
prove its lighting technique, pro
vided it stays within its own budg
et, is a logical and sensible co
rollary to unification.
(Reproduction Rights Reserved.)
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W«rs^»rt^r2^gps^«^4
This Changing World
• U. S. Warships Ready to Quit Tsingtao;
Headquarters to Be Set Up Elsewhere
By Constantine Brown
By the end pf this week Ameri
can naval vessels will depart from
the naval base at Tsingtao and
the headquarters of the Western
Pacific Fleet
, will be estab
! 1 i s h e d else
where.
Vice Admiral
Oscyr Badger
j has rec e i v e d
positive in
structions from
Washington to
leave Tsingtao
before the
Communist
forces reach
the city. All
shore estab
lishments, with
Con star t ine Brown.
i the exception of a shore patrol
j station and two recreation cen
ters, already have been evacuated
and the great majority of Ameri
can citizens—both civilians in
private business and those con
nected with the armed forces—
left the port some time ago.
With the impending departure
of the fleet from Tsingtao, on
the Yellow Sea, the entue coast
line of China as far as Shanghai
will have fallen into the hands
of the Chinese Communists, that
is to say Moscow. Shanghai it
self can be taken over by the
Communists whenever they decide
jjto do so.
Hong Kong Only Allies Base.
The only port and naval base
remaining on the eastern coast
of Asia from Vladivostok to the
China Sea will be Hong Kong,
which the British appear deter
mined to hold.
Ground, naval and air forces
reportedly are being rushed from
England and Singapore to keep
the Union Jack flying in that
crown colony. But It is doubtful
whether this British possession on
Chinese soil, only a few .:iiles from
Canton, can hold out against a
determined Communist attack.
In diplomatic quarters in Wash
ington, the reported sending of
reinforcements to the largest re
maining British trading post in
China is regarded as more of a
face-saving device than an efTec
tive measure to prevent Hons
Kong's occupation by the Com
munists.
While official announcements
have been made in London regard
ing the dispatch of some 6.00®
ground forces and a number of
naval vessels 'including an air
craft carrier* to Hong Kong, the
British government has begun to
put out feelers for a bargain with
the Communists.
The gist of these feelers is that
the British government will grant
de facto recognition to the Com
munist government as the ruling
power in the areas it occupies if
the Red forces stop short of Hong
Kong. The British negotiators
are said to have attempted to im
press the Communists with the
fact that the Red government can
derive only advantages from the
presence of Britain’s flag at Hong
Kong. It is a trading post through
which the Communists can obtain
important imports now denied to
them.
* Political Argument.
As a political argument the un
official British spokesman has:
pointed out that Great Britain
was never involved, as the United
States was. in support of the
Kuomintang. Britain sent neither
war materials nor military ad
visers to the Nationalists, even at
the height of the Burma campaign
against the Japanese. Certainly,
since V-J day Great Britain has
maintained a strictly aloof and
neutral policy toward the warring
factions in China.
Whether these arguments will
have effect on the Communists
depends largely on what Moscow
decides. The Chinese Communist
leaders are no more free agents
than the “elected” representa
tives of Poland, Hungary or North
Korea. Their policies not only
are dictated from Moscow but also
are directly controlled by the com
missars who are attached in large
numbers to the Chinese Red mili
tary and civilian authorities.
Thus, It is felt in diplomatic
quarters here, If Britain wishes to
maintain its trading post in Hong
Kong it must deal with Moscow
rather than with its underlings in
the Far East.
On the Other Hand
For Ways That Are Dark, It Is Not
Only ‘Heathen Chinee’ Who’s Peculiar
By Lowell Mellelt
As the situation in China goes
from bad to worse—or from Nan
king to Hangchow and beyond—
there lies in the Senate Foreign
i Relations com
i mittee a re
markable aid
to - China bill,
j The author is
Senator Pat
jMcCarran
I of Nevada.
Whether or not
the Senator
hopes presently
to activate the
measure isn’t
Je n o w n, a 1
though an in
dication that
he does was
Lowell Mellett.
given last week. ' He produced
Maj. Gen. Chennault as a witness
before two congressional commit
tees. The famous Flying Tiger
gave the committees his view that
it is not yet too late to save the
Nationalist government. It could
be done, he suggested, at no more
than twice the cost of the Berlin
airlift operation, which would be
about $700,000,000 a year.
The McCarran bill, introducedj
ten weeks ago, before the Na
! tionalist resistance south of the
Yangtze began to evaporate,
would commit this country to the
expenditure of $1,500,000,000. Of
this. 700 million would go into
"military equipment, supplies and
materiel, including the proper
supervision of thq acquisition, dis
: tribution and use thereof.” Three
| hundred million would go into
eeonomic assistance.
Currency Is Silver.
That leaves one-half billion.
How would it be spent? To stabil
ize the national currency of China.
The national currency of China
is silver. Senator Pat McCarran
heads whpt is called the silver
bloc in Congress; he Is the ac
cepted senatorial spokesman for
the silver mining inddstry.
Whether or ' not his proposed
legislation would furnish any real
aid to the people of China, it
would provide a wonderful wind
fall for the silver miners of Amer
| ica. And they are not in need of
any windfall just now. Far from it.
Thanks to the persuasive powers i
of the silver bloc, the Government j
supports the price of silver. It
began doing this back in 1933,
long before it got around to sup
porting the price of potatoes and
things like that. It is now paying
90 cents an ounce for newly mined
domestic silver, whereas the world
market price is 71 cents. The 71
cent price is itself sustained arti
ficially by agreement among the
nations, the United States. Mexico
and others, in which silver mining'
is an important industry. left to
the law of supply and demand, it|
is said, the price of silver would;
fall to 30-odd cents.
Nobody Appears Hurt.
Nobody appears to be greatly
hurt by this arrangement, ex
cept perhaps the American tax
payer and—no perhaps abput this
—people who buy things made of
silver. June brides, for instance,
pay through their pretty noses
when they start to collect their
silver. But the June brides and
other customers haven’t thought
of squawking to the Government
and probably won’t think of It.
But for one fact, the silver
manufacturing industry, likewise
a victim of the high prices, would
be heard making the kind of pro
test that organized industries
know how to make. The one fact
is that the manufacturers them
selves are making too much money
to squawk. The market for silver
articles, regardless of price is i
such that the mills keep humming
and the companies are happy.;
Dividends are more than satis-1
factory.
When Senator McCarran intro
duced his bill he made a state-,
ment and these were his opening1
words:
“The bill would authorize this;
Government to embark upon a
policy in the Far East that is a
real policy. It proposes aid that
will achieve real results.”
One of the Senator’s colleagues
later remarked. “Pat should have
quoted Bret Harte’s. 'For ways
that are dark and tricks that are
vain, the Heathen Chinee is pe
culiar,’ adding, ’And that goes
double for some of the Heathen
Chinee's friends.’”
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—By Horry Honan
Connally Riding High
Senate Unit Hearings on Atlantic Pact
Complete Despite Personalities and Pride
By Doris Fleeson
Senator Watkins of Utatf said
when he walked out on the At
lantic pact hearings that he felt
he was no longer welcome. This
qualifies for the
understatement
of the week.
The Senate
Foreign Rela
tions Commit
tee is conscious
of its impor
tance and is in
fact stuffed
with able and
versatile Sena
tors. From the
start their atti
tude was that
freshmen Sena
t o r s Watkins
D«ri« Flnut.
and Donnell, in asking to sit witn
them on the Pact, had implied
that the committee members were
neither smart enough nor patri
otic enough to develop the full
story.
When the two began to con
sume the bulk—Chairman Con
nally says it was two-thirds—of
the time with detailed and repe
titious questions, committee res
tiveness grew apace. The guests
were practically sent to Coventry
except for the notice the chair
man took of them which was
hardly a favor.
Hard on His Targets.
Senator Connally, whose sharp
tongue makes him formidable in
debate, has been riding high since
the election returns last fall re
stored him to his chairmanship
and all the best dinner invitations.
This has been hard on his targets
but enlivens his hearings.
Henry Wallace for example was
emotionally charging, that the
pact might cause Russia “to turn
on Europe like a cornered beast."
“Did you say ‘corned beef?”
Chairman Connally asked inno
cently.
Mr. Wallace also insisted that
he didn't know what happened
in Czechoslovakia when the Com
munists took over. "You knew
Vishinsky was there?" Chairman
Connally asked. "Yes," said Mr
Wallace, “I understand he was
there for a few days taking the
cure.” "Yeah, he took the cure
all right.” said the chairman,
"but he gave it to the Czechs."
The Chairmans view of the
Watkins-Donnell tactic was that
they were “wartin' us to death over
nothing ” Wartin' is Texan for
annoying. His stage whispers
embroidering that theme have
been, as Senator Watkins truly
said, provocative.
Donnell a Literal Man.
Senator Donnell is a literal man
—w hen he was Governor they said
in Missouri that he looked up the
statutory authority before he
kissed his wife and once when
Vice-President Barkley put him in
the chair at the Senate, his col
leagues writhed. But he has
countered Chairman Connally
with some humor, a saving grace
which his teammate apparently
lacks.
Divorced from personalities and
the demonstration of Senate com
mittee pride, the Pact hearings
have been unusually complete
The extent to which It involves
the country has been fully ex
plored; the military aid commit
ments have been conceded and ex
plained. Senators Watkins and
Donnell perhaps can claim some
credit for this.
They do not wish, however, to be
classed as isolationists; they aay
they are only eager to develop the
facts. But the truth is that the
Foreign Relations committee com
prises like-minded International
ists who view sympathetically
measures of this kind. It has
taken pride in the fact that It pre
sents unanimous reports. This
was the Veal reason for the In
sistence of the two guests on par
ticlpatlng In the hearings._
On the Record
Cominform Policy Off Beam in Greece
As Morale of Troops and People Rises
By Dorothy Thompson
ATHENS — (Via Airmail ) —
Greek leaders see the year 1949
as fateful, currently auspicious,
though the oracle nas not defl
nitely spoken.
It is auspi
cious politically.
Although I
have found no
military or po
litical leader to
testify that aid
to the Greek
rebels has
ceased or nota
bly diminished
on the Yugo
slav frontiers—
though aid
from Bulgaria
and Albania
Dorothy Thompson
has increased—Doth Russia ana
Yugoslavia, and with them the
rest of the Balkans, are in an
obvious dilemma for the time be
ing.
The ousting of the Greek guer
rilla leader. General Markos, and
the outright declaration of the
Greek Communist Party of its
intention to partition Greece
have undermined guerrilla morale.
Since the morale is chiefly based
on terror and fear, this should
not be exaggerated. But Com
munists surrendering or caught
up by the security police have ex
pressed disillusionment with the
party's brazen anti-national at
titude and intentions which made
its activities obviously synomy
mous with high treason.
Tit* Has Reason t* Fear.
For T^to a clear Cominform
victory in Greece could not pos
sibly be advantageous. But he
himself is caught on the horns,
of his own dilemma of expand
ing nationalism. If he wishes
not to be outflanked by a Com
munist victory in Greece, he must
abandon his own ambitions to at
tach Greek Macedonia. And he
wants to prove himself more mili
tant than Stalin.
He has ample reason to fear
that Yugoslavia may be subject
to the same Cominform treatment
accorded Greece, but apparently
his attitude is more bellicose than
that of the democracies. Rumors
ymynatiwy from his legation
here, called “top secret” but ob
viously designed for the right
ears, are to the effect that to
case his Communist brethren—
Bulgsrs or Albanians—start trou
ble cm the Greek model inside his
border*, he will march on either
or both countries, and let the
United Nations have fun deciding
which Is the "aggressor.”
That would be embarrassing
Yugoslavia is better armed and
organised than Bulgaria or Al
bania, and has better internal
moggl*- Such a move would neces
sitate direct Russian aid and might
therefore precipitate an interna
tional war which, it is believed.
Russia wishes at present to avoid, i
And outright war between two
Communist countries runs counter
to a generation of Communist
propaganda that a Communist
world alone promises world peace.
Cominform Off Beam.
Furthermore, it seems that the
Bulgars. acting under Russian
orders, are having some trouble
stirring up anti-Tito forces in
Yugoslav Macedonia. So. all in
all, Cominform policy currently is
off the beam. The hardheaded
here—and Greeks are classic real
ists. not romantics—are cautious
in long-range optimism.
Because this year seems propiti
ous doesn’t mean that next year
will be equally or more so. Hence
the growing impatience to get on
with the war. and seixe the favor
able tide now before it runs out.
Hence the feeling of frustration at
the ceiling which American ECA
policy sets on the army. This is
coupled with the bankruptcy of
the treasury; and the generally
accepted view of both the govern
ment and ECA is that, despite the
tragic difficulty of trying to re
build what the enemy is deter
mined only to destroy, social and
material reconstruction must ac
company the war.
Precisely because the Greeks in
the last three months have had
notable victories, because morale
has risen among troops and peo
ple. who no longer resign them
selves to an eternal struggle with
the possibility of perishing in it
from sheer exhaustion, this im
patience and frustration are en
hanced. Now. they say with con
fidence, "give us the tools and we
will finish the job—but give them
now.”
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McLemore—
Won't Ploy Boll
W»tb Insurance Mon
By Utmry McLtmmrt
At hand t» a letter from one
wuiiam M Werber a hose stat-e*
try heading declares turn to oe
an insurance counselor afUs of
fices tn the
National Press
Building.
Within (ton.
D C
Clipped to
the letter was
a column oi
mine which
concerned the
fragility of ma
jor league base
ball players.
Why the en
closure I don t
know, because
the column was
■nti HiUaM*
written only a short while ago
and while my memory does not
exactly match that of an ele
phant, it isn't short.
The letter—and I will boil it
down to Its essential kindliness
of spirit—reads like this:
“Hog* ash, Mcbemore, Hog
wash'
"Did some base Pal! player once
refuse your request for an auto
graph?
“Sometime when you are In the
Press Building, stop by and Set
me help you out on this baseball
player complex you have de
veloped
"111 even be glad to give you
the ball players point of view on
you newsmen.
"Then you can write intelli
gently on both sides of the sub
ject."
Wenders W ho W'erber la.
I wonder If that could be the
same W'erber who used to play a
whale of a game In the major
leagues Bill W’erber. 1 mean
The one arts© m With the C.rs•
ctr.nat; Red* foe a long Uae try
wa« ewe at the game*: beat hub
ns tnfteider* 2 e%e it:<! my rye'
or.
Saw it cou'idr : hr Thai >» r •
her knew me w» rr<o..;'- to ktv.’w
that nx> ftm Basse an • Hcawaar.
but Pigpen
So the rest of lit:* no. *...
be addressed ic Insurance CPUS
•etw Wr ter whoew he <
Right at! I »*nt to te.i him
that I *cn t atop fey and ate him
although J am Quite elter. ;n the
National Pres* Building on ir*
way to the National P r*» C’.ut
1 know what hr would bo if 2
did He d probably Jorge* a,,
about straightening me or: or
baseball players, and atari t:\
ing to »eU me uuuranrr o: ad
rta:ng me how to taae what 2:t t
insurance I ha»e M.vy atra.rhi
life and turn H irro arm,;:
so that when I w*» RS I woukt
start getting t!M t: e fl -t of
each month, and thus fee i end
of ail worries and a be to use
Jean and her crutch on happy
carefree trips about the country
Vt In*„:airier Cm*n*r--v M '
tor m hen to W aA*ur.*to» i •
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