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Sunny with high about 90 followed by scattered thundershowers late this after noon and tonight. Tomorrow partly cloudy, scattered showers. <Full report on A-2> Midnight, 73 6 a.m. 69 11 a.m. . — 80 2 a.m._72 8 a.m. ...70 Noon-84 4 a.m_71 10 a m. -75 1 p.m. -.-86 Late New York Markets, Poge A-29. ■ ■■ 1 ■■■-* t Guide for Readers N«i Kt-orr IM: i C * \*n .kw I * Comic* l> J» u ! .* % l» l « V >■ e» * 1* F none* * !* r»*< » | % Ot «.'■> \ n*ai' r* it Hpo: * * t S < A ,«ff t Sw* ... n H > t A* A»*c»t *3**.:* P m 97th Year. No. 134. Phone ST. 5000 ** WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY. MAY 10. 1949-SEVENTY-TWO PAGES. Ottf Hr-aa* D* »»•* XNfc * *fi * .*«a* *4' ?• * ~ *t '’** * *t * 1 \ ' < **»*a:*a. t. > *#U r ”■• »4 W-: I. K as .• * *• w•-•••-• v ** * * Soviet Modifies Restrictions on Berlin Supplies Trucks Now Halted at Border Permitted to Proceed to City |y Associated Press BERLIN. May 19—Maj. Gen. George P. Hays, deputy American military governor, announced to day that the Russians are modify ing their new restrictions on truck traffic from West Germany to Berlin. He said the Soviet Military Ad ministration informed him that freight-laden trucks from West Germany now halted by the Rus sians at Helmstedt on the inter zonal frontier will J>e allowed to proceed to Berlin without written permits from the Soviet Zone Eco nomic Commission. But, he added, the Russians will demand that any other trucks crossing the frontier bear such permits. Gen. Hays said the Western Allies would try to get the Rus^ sians to drop that demand in further negotiations. He called it “a new restriction and therefore a violation of the four-power agreement in New York for lifting all blockades.” May Send Protest. "If we can't settle this differ ence, then I will send a protest to the Rusisan military governor, Gen. Vassily Chuikov,” Gen. Hays (aid. ‘‘But I don't take a pessimistic view. I think the Russians issued the restriction to improve their bargaining position in the talks we have been having with them about an interim agreement between Eastern and Western Germany.” j Gen. Hays expressed the opinion that “the Russians did not act in bad faith.” “There is every indication they wish to reach a trade agreement,” he continued. "The situation is not stalemated. There are always | bound to be difficulties, but they can be settled.” His statement marked at least, s measure of progress in effort to; reach some real understanding of the confusing developments. The i restrictions had followed such ant erratic pattern that nobody really! was able to appraise just what, manuever the Russians were up to, I nowr. Trucks Banned on Highway. The Soviets banned all loaded : trucks from the Helmstedt-Berlin superhighway, even those that j had Eastern permits to enter tha Soviet zone. On other major roads between the British and Soviet zones, however, truck traffic was de scribed as normal, with Russian sentries not demanding Eastern issued travel permits from the drivers. * As a result, nobody knew for sure whether all this was the forerunner of a new Berlin block ade. or whether something else was behind the maneuver. Only 250 trucks reached Ber lin Tuesday from West Germany after crossing the intervening 100 miles of Soviet territory. Yester day only 40 trucks arrived. Only j six were known to have come in this morning up to 10 a.m. The; drivers of these said they traveled j over country roads in the Soviet zone. Meanwhile, freight destined for: rail movement from West Berlin, to Western Germany piled up ini railroad yards, with no Soviet-! operated locomotives on hand so It could move. The Russians in-; 6ist that their locomotives draw trains between West Berlin and Western Germany. The British-American airlift; and 17 daily incoming trains re-| main the only reliable source of' supply to Western Berlin. The j airlift is the only secure route for West Berlin's exports. At Helmstedt, West German police were diverting more -than 200 trucks to another frontier, crossing point 20 miles away at Budstedt. Truck drivers, unable to cross, at Helmstedt with their cargoes of perishable foods and other items, camped all night besides fires over which they cooked their, meals. At one time during the night there were 400 cargo-laden trucks there, awaiting permission to pro- i ceed to Berlin and with no indi-; cation when they could go down that highway. Only passenger cars and buses rsee BERLIN." Page A-O ! Conferees Meeting Put Off On District Tax Measure House and Senate conferees on; the District’s $18,000,000 tax bill1 probably will not meet until Mon-1 day, it was indicated today. A meeting was to have been held today or tomorrow, but two key members of the conference group, are out of town—Senator Hunt, Democrat, of Wyoming, and Rep resentative Smith, Democrat, of Virginia, chairmen of the Senate and House Fiscal Subcommittees. There are several important dif- j ferences between the House and. Senate bills, but a quick compro mise is expected to be reached,! officials said. I U. S. Aide Dismissed in Reich, Blames Decartelization Foes Charles H. Collison Says Action Followed Testimony That Program Was Sabotaged By tH« Pr»»» FRANKFURT, Germany, May 19 —Charles H. Collison said to day he was fired from the agency assigned to smash German monopolies "because it is known that I favor carrying out decar telization honestly.” Mr. Collison, who was deputy chief of the American-British De cartelization Authority, said he testified before the Army Depart ment’s cartel investigation com mission last year that "the de cartelization program in Ger many was., being sabotaged and obstructed." "I have been fired in anticipa tion of the arrival of th£ United States high commissioner for Germany, John J. McCloy. be cause it is known that I favor carrying out decartelization hon estly,” he told a reporter, without elaborating this statement fur ther. i In Washington, Mr. McCloy said he had no comment.' ‘•I've been on the Decartelization Commission for two years.” Mr Collison said. ‘‘I know what has been going on. But I doj^ t think it is desired by some people here that McCloy should know what was going on.” Mr. McCloy has just been ap pointed to the top German post, heading the American civilian control, which takes over with the retirement of the military ■ See COLLISON.‘Page A-6.F~ Lilienthal Offers to Get Loyalty Oaths in All Atomic Fellowships Commission Chairman Questioned on Grant to Red at Carolina College FULL INQUIRY Into Loss of Uranium Promised at Capitol. Page A-2. A voluntary offer to require an anti-Communist oath from all Government scientific education fellowships was made today by Chairman David E. Lilienthal of the Atomic Energy Commission. Mr. Lilienthal made the offer as he testified before a Senate Ap propriations subcommittee on the commission's request for $1,090, 000,000 fpr its work for the fiscal year beginning July 1. Committee members quickly called on Mr. Lilienthal to explain how the commission came to award a $1,600 fellowship to Hans Freistadt, an admitted Commu nist. at the University of North Carolina. O’Mahoney Explains Position. Chairman O’Mahoney told Mr. Lilienthal at the start that the subcommittee wants to make cer tain that "no technical play on words" will prevent check on any person getting Federal funds, ^whether as wages or through an educational fellowship. After Mr. Lilienthal cautioned against the dangers of throwing restrictions around education when it does not involve secret data, Senator O'Mahoney told the witness "there is a confusion of issues here.” "The issue,” the Senator added, “is not whether people shall at tend universities and have free dom in pursuing their education. The issue is whether the Atomic Energy Commission shall make its funds available to any one who advocates the overthrow of this Government.” Still Seeks to Cut Off Funds. Before the subcommittee hear ing on the commission's appropri ation request, Senator O'Mahoney had made it clear that he still will take steps to bar scholarship funds for Mr. Freistadt and see that no more Communists are awarded fellowships. "We know' that Communism, wherever it has gained control, has suppressed free speech,” Senator O'Mahoney said as Mr. Lilienthal testified. "Why should we use Federal money to take the first step in that direction? Whether restricted data is in volved or not, the fundamental question is, should we spend Fed eral money for that purpose?” In offering to require a non Communist oath from fellowship applicants, Mr. Lilienthal said Dr. Detlev Bronk, head of the Na tional Research Council, believes the council should change its re quirements to include such an af fidavit. Mr. Lilienthal had ex plained earlier that the council sets the students for fellowships paid out of commission funds. As Mr. Lilienthal began toj?x (See SCHOLARSHIPS, Page A-5.) Bill to Approve Peron Medal for Vaughan Tabled By th« Associated Press Maj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, the President’s military aide, will have to wait a while longer to wear the highly publicized medal he received from Argentina. A House Armed Services sub committee voted unanimously to day to table a bill which would have let him and. 15 other Army officers accept decorations of the Order of Gen. San Martin from the Argentine government It was Gei. Vaughan's medal that indirectly touched off Presi dent Truman's now famous “S. O. B.” remark. Columnist Drew Pearson criticized Gen. Vaughan for taking it from Ar gentine President Peron. That brought a retort from Mr. Truman that he wasn't going to let any "S. O. B.” tell him who he should name to Government posts. The House committee acted on the recommendation of Chairman Vinson. He said "no harm will be done if these medals Just stay a little while longer” at the State Department. Acheson Due to Confer With Senators Today Before Trip to Paris Leaves by Plane Tomorrow For Big Four Session; Action on Pact Awaited Secretary of State Acheson will meet with the Senate Foreign Re lations Committee in closed ses sion this afternoon for a last minute exchange of ideas before leaving for the Paris meeting of Big Foui foreign ministers on the futurS of Germany. Mr. Acheson will take off by plane for Paris tomorrow after noon. The committee, meanwhile t marked time today on the North Atlantic def nse pact on which it completed two weeks of public hearings yesterday. Chairman Connally predicted overwhelming approval of the document, but no decision has been reached as to when it will be reported from committee or taken up on the floor. The treaty was signed April 4 by the United States and 11 West ern European nations as a means of promoting peace by serving notice that no, aggressor can ex pect to attack these countries one by one. The treaty makes an attack on one an attack on all. The defense pact has grown out of the inability of the West ern powers to reach agreements with Russia on major postwar is sues, and for that reason all eyes will be turned toward Paris next week to see if the new meeting of the Big Four will be any more productive than earlier sessions. Mr. Achcson also scheduled a brief session with a subcommittee of the Senate Appropriations | Committee, where members pre-: dieted he would be questioned about American relations withj Franco Spain and with Cuba. His discussion of the renewal j of East-West talks at Paris was expected to follow the line he laid down at a news conference last week. He declared flatly then that the | possibility of reaching agreement on Germany depends on the w ill- j ingness of Soviet Foreign Min-j ister Vishinsky to go along with the Airterican-British-French pro gram for creation of a democratic Western German government. Americans Shun Predictions. Whether the Russians will be in any sense willing to make con cessions in their German policy is j a question on which American of i ficials shy at predictions. Considerable speculation about j Russia's moves in the confer ence has been stirred up here, j however, by two events of the past1 few days. The first of these was the strong (See”ACHESON, Page A-4.) Shanghai Uneasy As Nationalists Shift Troops Southwest Defense Area Is Evacuated; Curfew Hour Earlier By Ak»o<«o*»d SHANGHAI. May 19 —Under dnzzlv skies with the guns boom ing in the distance. Shanghai en tered another night of siege with ominous indications everywhere Encircling Communists were pushing their attack on the Poo . lung sector along the lower reaches of the Whangpoo River. But it was a movement of gov ernment troops into the city from the quiet southwest defense area and a one-hour earlier curfew' <9 p m > that had everybody uneasy At the time, the Nationalists I seemed to be holding their own against the compressing Red arc. But the vacating of defense areas, notably Mung Jao road, was baf fling It could mean the Nationalists, holding the advantage of interior lines, merely were shifting their strength to more vulnerable spots. But the earlier curfew and sundry other reports, including one that the Bund may be closed to traffic, put an aspect to the picture that did not jibe wuth reported Na tionalist victories lately. Mortar Fire Heard. Lunghwa Airfield, sure to be one of the first targets of any de termined Communist drive, could hear the noise of battle at* twi light. The control tower said it sounded like mortar fire about 5 miles away. The airplanes of Chinese big wigs were said to be warmed up. It was utterly impossible to con firm this rumor. But if that Is true, the jig may be up. The latest garrison communique described Nationalist success in beating off Red attacks on the Pootung back door front 6 to 8 miles down the river from mid town. The Reds Were reported trying to collect themselves around Luihang and Yanghang for an other jab at the Woosung fortress. The Chinese naval commander, Admiral Kwei Yung-chin, from his flagship off Woosung reiter ated his determination to defend greater Shanghai in conjunction with the air force and infantry to the last. He said this w as the first chance the navy had to show its ability. Always before, he said, it w’as limited by the narrow waters of the upper Yangtze. At the same time the Central News Agency disclosed that Gen. Tang Ee-po, local commander, had visited the Chinese flagship and awarded the navy 20.000 silver dollars for defense work. Tang told Central News at the (See CHINA. Page A-6>~ Senate Group Approves 3 High Defense Officials By the Associated Brest The Senate Armed Services Committee today recommended speedy Senate approval of Francis P. Matthews, Omaha lawyer, as Secretary of the Navy. It also recommended confirma tion of two other Defense officials named by President Trurtian: Dan A. Kimball of California as Undersecretary of the Navy. Gordon Gray of North Carolina as Undersecretary of Army. Mr. Gray is now Assistant Secretary. The committee acted at a closed session and without public hear ings on the nominations. Chairman Tydings said no ob jections were made to the appoint ments. Eberharter 'Unfit' to Serve As Judge, Lawyer Tells Hearing - 4 'Drunkenness' Among Charges of Member Of Bar Committee By th« Associated Press ' John G. Buchanan of the Amer ican Bar Association today pro tested President Truman s nom ination of Representative Eber harter. Democrat, of Pennsyl vania to be a Federal judge on the ground he is “unfit.” He said he was speaking for the. association's Judiciary Committee, of which he is chairman. Mr. Buchanan told a Senate Judiciary Subcommittee that his group objects to Mr. Eberharter’s appointment on grounds of “drunkenness.” He also said Mr. Eberharter has been charged by a former wife with "cruel and barbarous treatment” which led to a divorce, and that Mr. Eber- j harter has been involved with; “other criminal offenses.” He said also Mr. Eberharter has’ engaged as a member of Congress in certain transactions involving the Federal Government which Mr. Buchanan considered Ques tionable. Mr. Buchanan introduced as another witness W. Denning Stewart, Pittsburgh, until recently president of the Allegheny Coupty Bar Association Along with Mr. Stewarts tps-i A. REPRESENTATIVE EBERHARTER. —Harris-Ewing Photo, j timony, there were introduced into the committee record photostatic copies of newspaper articles which said Mr. Eberharter had been in volved in reckless driving charges in Pittsburgh and Washington. • Mr. Eberharter forfeited *25 ; collateral on charges of ignor ing an official sign apd dis- j obeying a policeman's signal in November. 1945, after a car j listed in his name dragged a 56-year-old policeman 40 feet ! iSee EBiSHARTTER, Page A-iC)h l^H?u REALLY B^DONT NEED THAT fB I KEY... THE LKTCH-r ■^STRIN6$ ALWAYS) ' X Congress Hears Dutra Acclaim U. S.-Brazilian Fight for Justice Visiting PresidentCalls Friendship Vital to Hemisphere Solidarity The shoulder-to-shoulder stand of Brazil and the United States in their joint “quest for the ideals of humanity and justice Is the greatest guarantee of Western Hemisphere solidarity. Brazilian President Eurico Gaspar Dutra told a joint session of Congress today. Speaking in Portuguese in a pre pared address, which later was translated, the visiting Chief Ex ecutive declared that “our highest aspiration is to forge ahead, guard ed by institutions which Insure man the free exercise of his right# in an atmosphere of tolerance and justice.” “In the international field.” Gen. Dutra said, "this friendship * * * is the greatest guarantee of good understanding and com prehension among the other sis ter nations in this hemisphere." Gen Dutra said he would take back to Brazil an “unforgettable recollection" of the warm wel Dutra Up at 5 A M., Joins Truman at 1 For 40-Minute Walk President Truman, always an early riser, lost a decision today to Ills Ruest President Dutra of Brazil. Gen. Dutra was up at 5 a m,—-a full hour ahead of Mr. Truman—and accompanied the President on a 40-minute walk around the Monument grounds. Gen. Dutra breakfasted In his room at the Blair House at 5:15 and then he and Mi Truman started out at 7 o'clock for a 40-minute hike During the walk, the Presi dent told his guest the story of how Ann Royall. a news paper woman. reportedly caught President John Quincy Adams swimming in the Po tomac. and then sat on hi* clothes until he gave her an interview. come accorded him by the Government and people of the United States when he arrived here yesterday afternoon for a • Continued on Page A-5, Col. 1 • Russian Agreement To Arm North Korea Troops Is Charged 9 Divisions Reported Due To Get Soviet Weapons; 220 Planes Promised By th» Associated Pros* SEOUI. Korea, May 19 —Ko rean Republican officials said to day that Russia has agreed to arm nine divisions in North Korea and supply the Red-controlled regime there with 220 aircraft and 20 patrol boats. The assertion was made in a joint statement prepared by For eign Minister Ben C. Limb and Defense Minister Sihn Sung Mo. It also said: ! "The United States should at I least provide the corresponding measures for the republic of j Korea." j The statement, distributed by Mr. Limb at a news conference, said: ; "According to dependable in formation the U. S. S. R. has made an agreement with the pup pet government in North Korea to completely arm six divisions of infantry and three divisions of motorized troops; to provide 20 patrol boats. 100 fighter planes. 20 bombers and 100 reconnais sance planes, and to fully arm the police forces.” Present armed strength of the North Korean regime has been estimated as high as 200.000 men compared to 50.000 in the southern republic. President Syngman Rhee of the republic has been seeking Amer ican arms to double the south's well equipped forces. Mr. Limbs statement said Dr Rhee in agreeing that American troops would be withdrawn soon from South Korea meant the United States "should guarantee adequate protection for the re public of Korea before they with draw their forces from Korea " Ski Club Collects NASHUA, N. H.. May 19 ‘/T\— Lloyd's of London paid off $5,900 yesterday because of failure of New Hampshire's past wmiei to live up to previous standards The local agent for the London undir writen said he had received a check payable to the Winnipesau kee Ski Club of Laconia which was “rained out of its big Unitad States Eastern amateur jumping championship* March f. Faulty Accounting Charged to Operators Of Public Golf Links Auditors Soy They Paid Out $14,000 Without Proper Receipts in Five Years Payment items tot aims more than $14,000 over five years in the books of the S. G, LoefTler Co., operators of District public golf courses, are unsupported by ade quate record. National Park Serv ice auditors disclosed to a House subcommittee today. Practically all this resulted from faulty accounting or careless busi ness methods, they declared !r, a complete audit for the calendar years 1944 to 1948 inclusive The auditors urged, however, that several other expenditure claims be disallowed on the ground jthat they did not seem to be justified. 1949 Contract Held i p. The report was submitted to Chairman Redden of a House Public Lands Subcommittee which has been holding hearings on operation of the golf courses. The Leoffler company runs the courses as a conressionnaire under con tract with the Interior Depart ment The company c la fins the department owes it $100,000 The 1949 contract is being held up by Secretary of Interior Krug pending outcome of the inquiry. Mr. Leoffler and three partners received $194 4 94 27 in salaries and profits during the five years, the audit showed This included $111.562 50 in salaries and $*2, 931 77 in distribution of profits A $42,500 total was listed as Mr Leoffler s salary for that period, but he did not take part in the profits distribution, according to the audit. The other partners were W. Al fred Farr. Alfred L. Thomas and the late Benjamin H Graham Mr. Graham died us 1947 and his share of the profit* then went to hi* widow, the report stated. Bwsinen Method* Criticised Offering a dozen recommenda tions. the audit report severely criticized some of the company's accounting and other business methods. "There appears to be no thought of a defalcation or misapplication of funds by employe*.” the report said. However the total of un supported. unde ruffled or lost ~ (See IJBOrFtjbC Page A-4 * Han Under Indictment On Gambling Charges Ends Life With Gun Widow Says 'Sonny' Mason Was in Poor Health And Worried About Case Waiter ‘‘Sonny Mason 38 one of the 36 men indicted on gam bling chanter, last month war found dead at hi* home early todk\ with a bullet wound through his head Coroner A Mag ruder MacDon ald said he would issue a certifi cate of aulclrie Police said the widow Mrs Nellie Mason blamed poor health and worry over the gambling in dictment for her husband * act Mason, who was colored was one of those arrested in the March 25 raids climaxing the special grand jury * long gambling imes Mgatton. Arruaed of Operating letters. A spokesman for the United States Attorneys office indicated the indictment was bared on Masons aliened dealing* with cab drivers who puked up num bers bets at the Pentagon and brought them to Mason at a ra dio repair shop in the 1900 block of Seventeenth street N \v. He was accused Jointly with Simon Best of operating a lottery The Indictment charged that on March i'i. Mason and Best sold a chance on a number* game to Lee Harden, described as a Pen tagon employe Police said Mason wa* found dead In the first-floor hallway of his home at 160 Newton place N.W. at 1 40 a m A 38-caliber revolver with one shot fired was lying under hi* right leg accord ing to police The fatal bullet, fired into Ma sons mouth wa* a wad cutter" or flat-nosed target projectile in stead of a pointed bullet police said Five other ’ w td cuttera' were found In the revolver ano three more of them were found in a dresser drawer. Found Sprawled on Floor. A stepson. Bernard BaskerviJle 18, told police h*> and hi* mother heard 4 nol-v* afte: they went to bed When he went downstair* to Investigate, he said, he found Mason sprawled on the floor near the stairway, Mrs. Mason according to Herat. Huffman, said her husband had been feeling unwell recently snd went to Oallmger Hospital, where he was told he had a had heart and w tie re ha was retried to George Washington University Hospital. Mrs Mason said her husband was told at the latter hospital that hU heart condition was serious and that bis liver was abnormally enlarged She said he was also worried about the gambling indictment and had threatened to commit suicide 8ergt Huffman reported Kept Gun Under Maltreat. • Mrs Mason said the detective, identified the revolver found under Mason s leg a* the one he cus tomarily tucked under a comer of his mattress when he went to bed Attorney Charles E Ford who represented Mason in the gam bling caae said he got a week * continuance of argument* on a motion to suppress evidence in the Mason caae last Friday after submitting a doctor * certificate that Mason was 113 He said he was to argue the motion tomorrow Mason if the second of the *8 defendant* to die since the special grand Jury returned the <tamount indictment* On rner 8 Barbour proprietor of Barber * Newsstand,, who was also arrested on March JS. collapsed at his home on Ma» 4 ami died, apparently of natural causes. Cut ot 500,000 U. S. Workers Sought by Byrd Economy Group in Scnote Faces New Test on Funds Slash It j.'iff-A > “v • H- • <*. ; V m v ' » • ' V'*> i in * t.'Vr ' ■? ' v’ • J r».» * ?'■*;» ! '•*•'>.< FWit#: *1 tT.; '' nn' -- v - r:np m (2U- :i.-r < -»•. - t ' ■-* « ;?'<*«» m' ,r r * Vh# mn.iw v t,.r.i#n. » i: ; -r t.'-?,.; ntutMl Comm ".at ■ R«! ’ s m r iv ft's'# a, i ijy- r..t.;.* «•».. made Uiryt t • •• nt» fCiimffiptv da-.. ■ r Rud* t i H ut r * ... I Rpjtpa t ‘ f r if it , -v't ' ft?# ttlu.t*r> »«;#! I ■ r \>t»‘»r>»* A(lm:n;it:and i.r tiu'r*;.» ft l',1t f r i-..- <rr t fitr * * • f*" MiTt * rsr. if ...n. • art «>»•:»; \tm » »(fl b> ('■ 'l.iios t I'i'.tTM ?\#ir lit# irp#»! Inwei (riling* Hwwhere 2 F,» new lower ceiling musl in,.m* fo: thr jnt of thr Oox* ernotent * tsfiinn winch would mat* thru t > w reduction* or a uuartei it bar.* This would hr thr B ld£f H . r B ; * *t> Senator Byrd made t * p:opc>*»l a* thr Senate got irady to tot# on a ftetji ptoixiMi! t<» him an "PtuopnaUon bill 5 i>n tent p-e* x io i* attempt* b* an ecoi.nmv group to cut tx*o o',hn money bill* b\ the same percent*** ha«a failed Senator Ferguvw Republic an, of Michigan offered the >eduction amendment to the measure rant - ing nearly $! 405,000 POO in cash and loan authority foi the Agrt eutlure Department The propoaed b pei cent cut would apply to tha 1*25,000.000 rash item in tit* bill He said hi* amendment wcnhd save about 13(5 POO POP Senator Byrd. tn offering In* Vtei sonnet reduetion ptopowala to Congress. declared It is my firm con* muon Uu»l civilian employment tn the execu tive blanch can be reduced by at lease 500 000 without impairment of a single essentia! function This Util would Irate the total at 1T» per cent of the prewar peak Senator Byrd and Renaloi lane er Republican, of North Dakota are co authors of the piesenl Fed - erai personnel ceiling* under j which Government agencies now operate j Senator Byrd said tie ta con• vinced Federal employment could be t educed by 20 per cent He Implied the bulk of the ieduction* ■could be made in the Array Navy and Air Force Depaitments and the Veterans Administration the group* now exempted from tha personnel ceilings MS,000 in Helen*# Agewcle# The Virginian a a* e*pecially critical of the aimed service* which, he charged now are em ploying three time* a* many civil ian* for every man In unlfoim a* Ihev did at the peak of the war. And Senator Byrd asserted tha VA ha* one employe on it* payroll for every 00 living veteran* of all wars, whether they are receiving any service from the agency or not Total civilian employment in the defense agencies i* ASS <MMi and VA a employment i* 210 000 Com bined this total* about half of ovetall federal employment Senator Byrd said hi* proposal* would reduce employment without • necessitating the meat-a* ap prowrh. He alao urged the Budget Bureau to uae it* staff of eiam* iner* to investigate closely Use per sonnel pohe ir* of all federal agen eke* with a view to trimming down their current personnel ceiling re quirement* Senator Byrd added that federal employment ha* been incrraaih* at the aveiac* rate of ■ Continued on Page A-2 Col « » 61 Jewish Refugees From China in Tokyo §> Ms# TOKYO May 1# The t'nited State* Army today u caring for 91 Jewiah refugee* from China while they await clearance to Vancouver British Columbia To all but two of them the roia of refugee is old They Bed from Germany tn 1930 The two near refugee* are chiiAtm born China during the 11 year* tf» Jew* hare been waiting foraptr manent home The 91 arrived in a single plan* last night To keep the plana within its weight limn each dis charged 19 precious pound# of baggage at the Shanghai Airport. There were aeats for only 94 aboard the C-M Bone would talk today They •aid ' ;oowe talk may inserter* with Use escape chance# of 2.90* more Jew* artiii in Shanghai Eric Goidstaub of the migration department of the American Jew iah Joint Dutemotion Comm.ttew la thru chairman Mr Ooidtta ub aaid the Army • ea:e was "wonderful They may be here a few hour* or a few daya. Two other planeload* may room mat of flbangna. later today A.